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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, September 16, 1914, Postscript Edition, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1914-09-16/ed-2/seq-8/

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;"? 'aiw- t "a-fs.it wn-s""- vrt'
il II 1 l ll.l I i.il,lllll.l.....IHI.HIIII I mi up
. f onn Grlbhtl. Vlcerrealdenti 0-W.Chst Secretary
John C. Martin, Treaeurer: Charles, It. Ludlnjton,
rhlllp a. Collin, Jolin n. Will lam i. Directors.
Cibds IT. K. Ccitis, Chairman.
f. IT. T7ItAt,Kr Kf tultv JMltor
.tOHN C. M.VttTI.V... ,J, . .general llutlneaa Manager
rubllthctl itallr at Pernio Lr.no as Hulldlns,
Independence Square, Philadelphia.
I.mesn Ci.NTiit Bread Am! Chestnut Street
ATT.AXTIC Cut rri-tKloii nulldine
Nw Toss tTO-A. Metropolitan lower
CmcAflo. 817 Home Insurance. Ilultdlnsf
London s Waterloo Tlaie, Fall Mall. 8. Vi.
TTjnii'urao Brmn The rat riot Ihilldjns
WaamicTos BinsAC The Tosf Tiu d ne
. Toaa: HcinAO The Time TlulMlnr
Jiratis Iirmuc , o FrledrlclulraM"
JfOMioN Iicinr ,.3 Tall Malt East. S. W.
run BoaiiC 02 run Louis le Uiatid
Tir carrier. DaU.t Ovia, It eenta. By null. postpaid
ulslde of Philadelphia, entpt where fofelrm potac
la required. Dhlt O.ni.t. one mnnth, twenty-mo cents!
UiitT O.VT.T. one year, three dollats. All mall sutscrlp
lions payable In advance.
f7" Addrm r.U eonimHlear(oii.t lo Kioiini;
Ledger, Independence Souare, PhiteuJelpltiQ.
Irruoxrtoy iAte at thk rmitADEtrnu rflftoirica ok
.li ah arcQNn-clAm lit. tirrrni.
PHfLADrxpniA. Ttr.DESDA,5inr..MDr,n 16, ton
Transit a Juggernaut to IIoltl-Backs.
IK THE letter sent out by James . Pal
four and John M. Fogelsanger. urging the
stockholders of the Union Traction Company
to protest to the company's directorate
against acceptance of the suggestion relative
to rapid transit made by tho Rapid Transit
Carmpany, appears this statement'
"A committee of tho Board of Directors of
the Rapid Transit Company has come before
the Board of Directors of the L'nlon Traction
Company with the proposal that Union Trac
tion stockholder shall Rive the Rapid Tran
sit Company financial support to the extent
of supplying- funds for the extension and
equipment of existing lines AND FOR Till-!
The agreement resulting irotn confeienccs
between the Department of Cll Transit and
the Rapid Transit Company, under the cap
tion. "Union Traction Co-operation." says:
"The Philadelphia napld Transit Company
will rely upon the Union Traction Company
to nid in securing ONLY SUCH FUNDS AS
the requirements for which will bo grcntly
lessoned by the establishment of the new
high speed lines."
The discrepancy between the two utterances
Is obvious and vital. The Union Traction
Company has not been asked and will not
bo nsked to provide funds of any sort or in
any amount for the proposed new system.
The Union Traction Company, of course, is
at perfect liberty to decline to participate in
the program. It may, if it wishes, forego the
guarantees ofTered by the city against loss
of net Income occasioned by diversion of traf
fic to the high-speed lines and the abolition
of exchange tickets. But tho Union Traction
Company cannot prevent the achievement of
rapid transit in Philadelphia. There is no
company that can do that.
The thousands of workers, men and women,
who are paying Bix cents a day more than
they ought to pay for conveyance to and
from their work and the thousands of others
who enjoy a five-cent fare, but lose pre
cious minutes daily through slow service.
aro not Interested in the details of finance.
They only know that the municipality i3 am-
' ""irts.rich enough to accomplish the project.
' They will sweep politicians or any other set
of men aside, if necessary, and use their
votes to set what they want. Public opinion
Is settled. It will have rapid tranlt. The
movement has already become a Juggernaut
to the little fellows who think they can
check it.
,. . MMM , J f . . 1 , f. 1 .J -.1.111 I" .-..-.
theso findings ate recorded and are of great
value. They cover the) ehltd'a history Up to,
usually, about 16 yeara. Why should nol this
valuable data, bo turned over to the Juvenile
Court for use In cases of delinquency occur
ring among school children? It would save
the court a vast deal of time and money,
and would cut out a lot of testing and Inves
tigating and duplication of work already
don by the schools, and done more carefully
and thoroughly than tho courts can do It.
In Buffalo, out of a public school gradual-
WHEN you read In your favorite news
paper that Rome ono has found a $1000
pearl In an oyater, put it downito Ignorance
or to the attempt to advertise the restaurant.
Pearls found In salt water oysters are worth
less. So says Herman Myor, father of the
American pearl Industry, who has devoted
0-odd years to exploiting the fresh water
lng class (average age 16) 64 were known, by t pearls of this country, from Wisconsin lo
. . i, !. fram flvn in .itrM vpnrs old Arkansas, from his native State, Tennessee,
I mentally. Yet they were turned loose on the to Maine. Myer's life woik has all the
I community without any adequate provision glamour of romance. Born In Carthage, Ten
I for future help or protection against the dan- I ncssce, ho was sent to Harvard and was
cent Inherent In their defective state. There Braauaicu Willi Honors in cnomistry. uur-
last known barber surgeon in London waa a
man named Mlddledltch, of Great Suffolk
street, who died there In 1821. Ho was aljo
a dentist, and a Writer of that day says In
an "Autobiography": "I havo a vivid recol
lection of his dentistry.1'
would seem to he a great tired of linking up
'and co-ordinating all our public and private
social agencies to prevent this state of affairs.
XlX (
Beat Penrose : Win the Nation
R. PENROSE could not be elected United
States Senator from Illinois. In Califor
nia his candidacy would be lidlculed. In
Maine not a corporal's guard would rally to
his support. In Ohio he would be treated us
J lng one of his vacations, spent at home, a
I fisherman brought him a peat I. That started
! his downward career, for his father, himself
j a banker, had wanted his son to follow In
his financial footsteps. But young Myer
thought otherwise, and, packing his grip,
went to New York, whero he sold his pearl
to Tiffany's the first American pearl ever
sold In the New York market.
Thoio was a time when Oriental pearls
were woith their weight In gold; today tho
Iridescent pearl, found In the rivers of Iowa
and Wisconsin, is more valuable than a dla-
hH prototype, Foraker. was treated. In Mis- mon0 o( corrCgpondnK slze. Atui Mycr )s
sourl It would not take 20 minutes to count
the votes he could get. In Maryland, another
doubtful State. It would be Penrose last, with
none of the other candidates In sight. A So
cialist would poll mote votes than he in Wis
consin and Iowa. In Washington there would
be nn avalanche of women's ballots polled
against him. Where. East or West, in any
doubtful State, could Penrose command a
Yet this Is the man who. pleading for pro
tection, tefuses to step aside and permit some
other man who could really do something for
protection to go to Washington. H Is mock
pry of reason to assume that the test of the
nation would follow Pennsylvania in devotion
lo such a leader. It Is sheer madness to sup-
lurgely responsible for this. Up and down
the Inland rivers ho traveled, on foot, by
train, In wagons, preaching the value of the
gem lo the fishermen, telling them how to
find It, how to valuo It, how to market It.
And the upshot of It all was that the self
same fishermen becamo so expert that they
doubled and trebled the price to Mycr, until
the profit to the wholesaler was almost
BUT even Myer was not the first to deal
In American pearls, for in the great
cathedral In Seville. Spain, rests a collection
of these gems, gathered by De Soto and his
followers during their invasion of our South
ern States and his trip to the Father of
Waters. In the archives of tho Spanish city
may be found wondrous tales of the vast
I l iches of the American Indians of Do Soto's
I dava. of the Immense stores nf nenrls found
pose that theie can be any ichabllltatlon of , hy tho n,Ventut.CIS, of tne tter disregard
the Republican party so long as he Is ono ' the natives had for their value. But tho
of Its accredited Icadeis. It is proper for men j
whose business is threatened lo dedicate their I
work and influence lo the restoration of Re
publican policy In Washington, but every ef-
bushels of pearls gathered as spoils by the
Spaniards weio lost in the main when ill
fortune overtook them.
An fIsm" That Hamstrings Protection
A DEMOCRAT has been elected Governor
. of Maine. The wave of revolt has not
subsided sufficiently to throw this naturally
Republican Commonwealth back Into tha
party column. The Progressive allegiance
proved strong enough, despite tremendous
losses, to prevent Republican success.
The result Is typical of what may be ex
pected in other States if the party does not
kick out of leadership the men who were
responsible In the first place for tho wreel:
of the institution and who are standing now
In the manner of dogs in the manger, in
sisting that the wrefk and ruin they have
left behind them constitute a reapon for
their retention in power. There aio thou
sands of Progressives who are still good Re
publicans, but they will not tome bdek Into
camp until they know that It has been fumi
patod and cleaned.
The elections In November nre merely
preparatory. Tho real fight will be in 1916.
The Republican party has this year the op
portunity to prove itn moral competency, its
Independence. Ha convalescence. The way to
the White House is straight, not crooked,
and there Is not enough argument in the
world to convince the people of other Com
monwealths that Penroseism travels on the
broad highway.
It is triumphant Republicanism without
Penroseism or it li a languid, heartless,
powerless and nerveless Republicanism with
Tenroselsm. Intelligent citizens should havo
no difficulty in determining which they prefer.
fort they make will be futile if they Insist
upon using as their representative a man
whose name Is Identified with the most thor
oughly discredited and hated system of poli
tics in America.
Tho national Republican party lias many
enemies and Mr. Penrose is the greatest of
them all. In his own State and in his own
town he has atlenated the Independent Re
publican press. In no other Commonwealth
Is there any Republican newspaper with any
pretentions whatever to independence that
would even consider apologizing for or ad
vocating Penrostistn. They know it for what
it is. They have no doubts about the cuckoo
being in the robin's nest. Only in Pennsylva
nia is the party expected to be a Little Red
Riding Hood. Elsewhere and here, too, the
alluring front of tho house of Pcnroseism
does not deceive observers. They have alro
been looking at the bjiTk yard.
CONCEDING for.tho sake of argument lhat
V you know the names of our rivers, did
you ever hear of the Opcck or tho Alllwcge
sepo or tho Causissepplone? Or tho Al
bacha? Yet you know them all well, only
tho river now is known as the Ohio, Iroquois
for "beautiful,"
WHEN you see a person of the male per
suasion approach and note his delight
fully pink socks or mayhap they may bo
pale green or lavender do not start and
wonder at his foil'. It's nothing new to wear
brightly colored hosiers', which, by the way,
threatens to become estlnct because we can
not get dyes from abroad. In the rooms of
the Society of Antiquaries in London is an
exhibition of ancient socks, dug out of the
ruins of Antinoe. Egypt. The examples
shown are in good preservation and are suf
ficiently "loud" to please the most extreme of
futurists. Principal among tho exhibits ate
socks of yellow, green, red and black In
horizontal stripes, which outdo anything yet
shown in our haberdashery shops.
The Battle of Kegs really took place dur
ing the Revolution when patriots act afloat
infernal machines, formed like kegs, Itt tho
hope that thoy would destroy tho English
fleet In the Delaware, off Philadelphia. The
British discovered the stratagem and began
firing at every floating thing, thus establish
ing tho name of the battle.
Tho largest vbed In the world may be seen
at Ware, England. It Is twelve feet square
nml la (.nnnliln nf tliltfllurr a. rinzeH nCrSOnB.
Shakespeare refers to this monster bed In
"Twelfth Night": "Although the sheet were
big enough for the Bed of Waro In England.'
Contributions From Headers on the Senatorial
Situation in Pennsylvania
To the Viltot of the Evening Ledger!
Sir Senator Penrose has again demonstrated
his dominance of the organization of the Re
publican patty in this State and has pioniul
gatcd a platform of platitudes and generalities,
ire profepses what his last Loatslature refused
to enact Into laws, albeit Ills professions are
far fiom binding party obligations to do any
thing definite and ially remedial, and every
one Is confident that he does not Intend that
the next Lcglslutuio shall Improve on Its pre
ilecessoir. His Intention to secure re-election
as United States Senator and the power he
wields through ht.i organization to that end are
tho alaimlng thlnes. Yet he can bo defeated,
as tho defeat ot the Slate road loan has
demonstrated. He Is a blight on hla party and
on the State. THOMAS ROSS.
Doylestown, September H, 19H.
To the Editor of the Evenhig Ledger:
Sir Tho many persons of dlveislfled Inter
ests throughout this Commonwealth, who are
Interested In tho forthcoming November elec
tion and wish to see tho tesult thereof bring
about the defeat ot Penrose, are very much
concerned over the attitude your valuable
paper, tho Evening Ledger, will take during
the campaign with respect to his candidacy.
May I not urge upon you tho very gravo re
sponsibility which you hold as editor of
this very excellent paper? The primary cam
palBii committed you against Penrose, and your
active opposition to his election during the
next two months would have a great Influence
in ending his opportunity further to misrepre
sent this Commonwealth at Washington.
I hope. Indeed, that you will see your way
clear to oppose, with all tho editorial and news
power of your paper, the claims of Tcnrose
for election in this campaign.
Philadelphia, September 14, 1914.
A New Kind of Men For Bullets.
WHEN the veil Is lifted from tho broad
battle lines east and west of Germany
.nd the aplendor of the victories is. dulled by
the sombre pall of suffering and death, a new
spirit of determined opposition to war will
force Its way around the world. The tei
graph and cable, the enormous facilities of
the modern world for communication, have
torn the mask of glory from the battlefield.
Jt waa well enough for nun to fight when
only the living returned to tell of it, whn
tales of massacre did not reach men's homes
until weeks or months after the event. But
now the horror of war is shoulder to shoulder
fTlth the glamour of it op the front page. A
single bullet can destroy two decades of edu
cation or sweep into eternity the fickle light
of genius; for more terrible than the number
of men is the kind of men killed. That Is the
loss that staggers civilisation and drives It
backward. It is not the last great war, but
It is one of the last, and It will do more than
all the pamphlets ever printed to hasten the
day of universal peace. The common sense
of humanity aa a whole la certain eventually
to gain the mastery over pasaion.
A Really Responsive Government
WHEN, in 1T76 and thereabouts, a goodly
proportion of tho inhabitants of the
Thirteen Colonies threw off the yoko of Brit
ish bondage they thought, and their descend
ants after them, that they had acquired a I
considerable superiority over the rest of tho
Anglo-Saxon peoplf. It seems, however, that
in political matters the English trust them
selves much more implicitly than Americans
do. Their Constitution varies according to
the will of Parliament
It was proposed yesterday In the House of
Commons that the duration of the present
Parliament be extended to 1917, and it is
quite likely that the several parties will agree
to such a continuance. The Government of
Ijeland net and the Welsh Church act, ac
cording to the piobable arrangement, will
be stmpb relegated to the future, and all at
tempts to force a general election on domestic I
Issues will he abandoned
After the "Pensionary Parliament'' had sat
from lO to 1677 and lost all touch with the
country another Parliament limited the life
of each assembly to three years. Then the
Septennial act prolonged its possible life to
seven years, and by the five-year clause of
th Parliament act of 1011 the term was
reduced. A Parliament rarely dies a nat
ural death, and now comes the generally fa
vored proposal to prolong the present one,
which has been in session Mnre 1010. to 1917.
That means, of course, the extension of the
Cabinet tenure for one year over the statu
tory limit. Where, except in England,
can be found a governmental hystem so
quickly adjustable to the needs and exigen
cies of the time? No slow-moving machinery
to be operated to effect a change necessary
to the new conditions: no referendum, no con
stitutlonal convention. Simply a response on
the part of the men in Parliament and the
Cabinet to their obligations as public ser
vants, in such spirit as that In which Burke
addressed his constituents at Bristol: "Your
representative owes you not his Industry only,
but his judgment."
HEN the Boer War broke out General
John French, commanding tho
British forces In France, was in Ladysmith,
Natal, about to be besieged by tho Boors.
He took the last train out and seated him
self in the compartment of the car, smoking.
Hardly had the train left the city for Durban
on the coast when the ping of Boer bullets
resounded and the windows in the cars were
shattered. Sir John, unperturbed, assumed
e. horizontal position and finished his smoke.
General Grant was another soldier who
smoked and died from cancer said to have
been caused by that habit. Once, when he
was going to New York, his train fell into
the Passaic River, near Newark, only the
windows of the coaches being visible above
the water.
When the rescuera reached the scene of
... .,-...-. ., Uuu w.C vc. ou- ,flf(1tt of a ma1 wlo s ,,SGraco t0 th0 fa,r
ijjh iii lT.nri ujj i, iiia nan iJuiiHiK us usual . name or Ill's iji mmoinvralth.
To the Editor of the h'vcntiia Ledoer;
Sir I recall, with pleasure, the brilliant fight
made by the Plblic Ludoer, against Senator
Penrose in the prlniailcs. It was most credit
able to the management of the paper as
indicating Its independence and Its high stan
ard of service to tho people of this Com
monwealth. Senator Penrose Is now the same
man he was before the pilmarlos. Tho same
lecoid of misrepresentation of tho people and
service of tho interests lenialns. The same
"moral issue" confronts the voters of this
Commonwealth, t am glad to see the Evening
Ledger maintain tho high standard of right
eousness which it lias assumed under Its present
management. E. J. LYNETT.
Philadelphia, September II, 1114.
To the L'dttor of the Eeeaing Ledger:
Sir Remembering the attitude of the Public
Ledger during the Senatorial primary contest
in this State, I am glad that you still recognize
the "moral Issue" as paramount In the general
campaign this fall, Penrose is a menace and a
disgrace to all Christendom, and you will be held
re&ponslble, in the opinion of a humble Penn
sylvanian. for any endeavor to ptolong this
muna.'u on Pennsylvania. Tou can lender a
lasting service to this .Stnte by supporting
the opposing candidate for United States Sena
tor. Am I correct;
Unlontown, September 14, 1914,
'Jo tha Kdttor of the livening Ledger: ,
Sit I am u reader of the Public Ledger and
have always admired its fearless stand on
questions of public Interest and its Inde
pendence In politics Of late I have been In
terested and concerned as to what stand the
Evening Ledger would take edltoriully on
tha candidacy of Roles Penrose. In view of the
fact that your paper vigorously opposed his
nomination, and editorially declared that Ten
roselsm was a moral Issue, I rejoice that you
decided to tako u stand against his election in
favor of Palmer.
With the wide circulation which tho Evening
Ledgr has throughout the Stato It would be
nn important factor In bringing about the
on a coal black cigar!
T OOKING through old newspaper files
I JLj makes interesting reading. A Topcka
paper reports under date of 1864 the arrival
of 200 bales of buffalo robes, "the largest
cargo ever seen" In that city. And a few
items furthor down tho column we read:
"Gov. James Lane, of Kansas, and Gov.
Yates, of Illinois, will be speakers at the
Lincotn and Johnson ratification meeting
hero on September 6."
Aided by that recent brush with the Ger
man ships, the British fleet should have no
difficulty in sweeping the seas.
The way to get rapid transit Is to get it. arid
the way not to get it Is to permit holdbacks
and lovers of technlcallttea to stand In the
BUT there are things which happened
years ago which do not get Into the
newspapers, such as tho mistaken adven
tures of the first Chinese Minister to this
enlightened country of ours. What his name
was has slipped memory, but his malaprop
Isms have not. His first social visit was to
the wife of a Cabinet member. He arrived
at 8 In the evening and, knowing some Eng
lish, proved entertaining. The minutes
turned Into hours. Eleven came and found
the Minister still talking. Twelve came.
Then one.
"I am very sorry." said the hostess, "but
it la getting bo late "
"I am bo pleased you spoke," replied the
Minister, "you see, In my country a gentle
man cannot depart until the lady of tho
house has given her permission."
And as he started for the door the hostess
graciously asked him to call again, "very
At 8 the same morning the bell rang the
Minlater had called again, "very soon."
THE Chinese are the most literal nation
on earth. They will obey orders, no mat-
The troops will be glad to get away from ' ter what the coat. An American naval offl-
Link Up the Social Agencies
THE public schools are now sorting out
the children of defective mentality, refer
ring them to psychologtaU and phyalclana
and social workers, so aa to know how to
grade then and how best to deal with them
educationally The paychologlat teita their
mentality, the physician test their phyelcal
londitioii, and the social worker flnda out
Uitlr family history and eavironmtnj, .All
Vera Cruz. They are anilous to get back
home and find out what they were down
there for.
Thoae who are best acquainted with the
work of Doctor Brumbaugh In the achooli
are convinced that he will be able to teach
the politicians something.
The Maine result ehowi that the only thing
necesiary to turn email Damoaratlo plurall
ties Into big Republican majorities la to
bake off Panroaelam and other things of
the kind that have faartened themvelves on
the party.
The Uoverntuttnt - ownership -of - railroad
Idea seemx to have become very popular in
Mexico, where the Provisional President
cer on temporary duty in Hongkong discov
ered thti. He waM .the proud owner of a
pair of hitherto Immaculate white flannel
trousers, which had been put hore de combat
by a ureaie etaln. Ho he took them to a
Chtneie tailor with Instruction to make Mi
other pair exactly like the (ample.
Twenty-four hours later the Chinese tailor
arrived with the new trousers "exactly alike
even to the atala! BRADFORD.
The red and white ttriped barber'a pole
date back aeveral centuries, when bar
bers atlll exercised the profession of blood
letting. During the operation the patient
had to grasp n. atlok, and a pole wan
always kept at hand, together with the band,
age irceary after the cutting. Eventually
(Vi harlivra hilmr their lnsleilla. pole and
bandage, out of then windows. Early In the
.. . - -l .a.1 nalsli Plr'Hn m m. . t
Bracr Fall?, Pa., September 1!, 1914,
thinks he U neglecting his duty unless he ' e'K""8'''". '"ii-.i."" Zl'Xl" .,?',"? I
f I flsaSEta aa 13 W irUIXlUVellXl saT Uh4 Uvel aw r4lW wia
cunfiscaies vumeililng ur oiher before break- j ' e glrjPed bjua ona white, while surgeon-
ia pom Sirica diub mm ,!, - - --"- I ... -
bartws colored theirg red and wbiU. The I acraruon, fcejKeiuber n, isn
'Jo tie L'dttor of the hvouwg Ledger:
Fir It seems to us that the Evening Ledger
can lender a very great seivice to tho people
of the State and do honor to Itself by opposing
the re-election of Boles Penrose to tho United
Statetj Senate this fall.
Senator Penrose stands for policies and for
political nvthods that meet the disapproval of
moat a'.l who have the public interests ot tho
Commonwealth at heart.
If the Evening Ledger will take decided
ground ngnliiBt his re-election it will probably
be the turning point in the campaign and
at.sure the defeat uf Senator Penrose.
We trust that j ou will give the matter serious
Wlikes-Barre, September 14. 191 .
To the Hdltar of the Uteniug Ledger:
Sir As a subscriber and reader of the Pubmc
X.!:F')ER for ovfr twenty years, I want to ex
press to you my delight that you are using the
power of thu Evening Ledger against the re
election of Senator Penrose. For many years he
has stood for all that Is worst In Pennsylvania
politics. He has been closely associated with
the disgraceful happenings at the State capital.
The fact of his prurience in Washington aa Sena
tor from one of the greatest States in the Union
Is a standing menace to the higher patriotism, u
constant encouragement of policies for revenue
Swarthmore, September 14, 1914,
To the Editor of the F.ieniitg Ledger:
Sir The political reputation of this genera
tion in the great history of the State demands
that the battle ,ou have so worthily begun
shall be fought to a victorious end.
Swarthmore, September 14, 1914.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
SlrWould It be deemed wholly Impertinent
and intruelve If one who Is fond of the Evening
Leooer should suggest that in his humble opin
ion there has never been a more opportune time,
not Indeed a more marked occasion, for great
public service by a great newspaper than the
r am only one of Us readers who have In
dulged the hope of eeeing the weight of Its In
fluence cast Into the scales against Penroaelsin.
Sersnton, September 14, 114.
7a the Bdttor of the Evening Ledger;
Sir It seem to me that you could not do a
better service or machlne-rldden PennsjUanta
ttiun to oppose the election of Boies Penman
lor Senator This sem to be an opportune
tine to get lid of the machine, and It may
be tffeuUJ by his defeat tor the Senate
- " ""' . ... s, ii .. , i ,. u , . h fftlllill I, a, uhhi ninm ,.,, " lsa
-" -'' ' .-.. ......... r., in n. .1 . .-... ,.t ... n ,,- , MiiMiiwwsssasaasaaa-p,
AT FIRST glance one might think there was
, no connection between the site of tho
building where tho Evening Lodger Is Issued1
and Sunday schools, but there Is.
Sunday schools are now so common that their
existence) Is taken as a matter of coutse, and
yet only 100 years back they were so much
a novelty that they were being studied else
where, especially In England, with a view to
Introducing thorn Into this country.
And whon It had been decided to Introduce
them here, tlio movement that was organized
to support them had Its home In Philadelphia.
Now the connection between the Ledger
Building and this movement is simply this,
that tho American Sunday School Union, hav
ing been formed, made the Ancient building
then on this site Its headquarters, and romalnecr
here until about CO years ago. It removed to
Its new building on Chestnut street, near
Twelfth, from which location It again removed
only a few year ago still further westward.
But tho site was historic even before that
day. In the new view of the group of buildings
on Independence Square, which embellished the
Columbian Magaalne In 1790, there will be seen
In tho foreground art Isolated structure, named
the Academy. Unfortunately It is only tha
rear of the structure that Is presented to u,
but It Is sufTlclent to give us an Idea of tho
character of building which was first elected
on this lot.
This building was erected for the then new
Academy of the Episcopal Church, 'just about
tho- time tho forfeiture of the charter of tho old
College and Academy of Philadelphia was ac
complished, whloh, as It turned out, was a good
thing for all concerned, for that Institution
raised Its head again as the University of
Tho Episcopal Academy, which still thrives
after more than a century of useful service
In the causo of education, was organized In
1TS3. Tho Rev. John Andrews was appointed
Hs first principal, and in 17S7 tho institution
lccctvcd Its charter and also a grant of 10,000
acres of land from the State.
Its first home was on Fourth street, below
Market, but this provided little more than a
makeshift, and arrangements were begun for
the erection ot the building on Chestnut sttcct,
west of axth. Tho slto of this structure Is
coveied by the Washington Building, 612 and
614. The building was still unfinished In 1783
whon tho Academy moved Into Ho new homo.
But, .while the Fourth strcot house was too
modest, this wa3 boon found to be too ex
pensive, and It was sold In 1791.
Subsequently It became a hotel, and suffered
severely from tho fire, that destroyed Rlckett's
Circus at the corner of Sixth and Chestnut
streets In December, 1799. Oellci'a Hotol, as the
house was known, wa3 tho finest hotel in tho
city, Thoso hlstorlo banquets of the French
sympathizers, who wore the tricolor cockade
and tried to sing the "Marseillaise" in Ftench
as they waved liberty caps In honor of Citizen
Genet, were held here.
Talleyrand himself, while in the city, is said
to have stopped there, nnd tho celebrated Doctor
Priestley honored these affairs by his presence.
In those days the doctor resided for a tlmo on
Market street, west of Sixth. There Is a long
story to toll about Ocllcr's Hotel Itself, but
this is about Sunday schools.
It was quite a long time afterward that tho
American Sunday School Union camo to this
site. The Interim was rilled by the building
being used for various purposes, part of the
time as a boarding house.
When tho nineteenth century opened, strange
as it may appear, there was not a Sunday school
In the modern ncnso in this country. There had
been such schools In England since Robert
Raikcs, a Gloucester, England, printer, opened
one in this city, nnd set an example for the
entire Christian world.
Rallies' idea took hold, for he seems to have
been ono of tho first to have not only seen
tho connection between neglect nnd Ignorance
and crime, but to have put forth a plan by
which this might be remedied. This plan was
put Into operation In Gloucester in 1782: by
degrees the idea spread all over England, Lon
don having introduced this form of instruction
in 1785.
In these first schools an effort was made to
teach the children something more than piety
and correct conduct: It also sought to give
them a rudimentary education. It should b
remembered that what we call public schools
were still a long way off. and those children
j whose parents could not pay for their education
sot none. Our own public school sstcm is
Icjs than a century old.
What Eeems to have been the first Sunday
school established in this city was organized
in 1SU by Robert May, who had received his
knowledge In a Sunday school in London. May
left the country In 1S12, but the 6eed took root.
It was not that the' Idea was not regarded
ns a good one that it did not take hold more
quickly, but there was the expense attached to
It that had to bo borne. In order to assist
thoso Sunday schools that needed It. and at
the same time to Bupply proper literature for
them, the Philadelphia Sunday and Adult School
Union was formed In 1S17. New York had a
similar union, and finally, in 1J23, It was pro
posed that a national union should be rstab.
This was the beglnn'ins of the American Sun
day School Union, which was formed that
year, and was constituted in IS.M. It vaa de
cided that Philadelphia was most centrally lo
cated for the headquarters of tho organization,
and this became Its home. Three years later
the property now 61i! and 614 Chestnut street
was purchased nnd the union established here.
Ten years later It had the titles of COO of its
own publications on its catalogue.
I am not mire of what constitutes a historic
site, but I am inclined to the belief that this
has some claim to the distinction.
Yesterday I csrne across an instance of
healthy energy lying dormant.
Among a group of folks with whom I was
shatting was a young woman hardly out of
her twenties who dominated the whole group
with a moat remarkably magnetic personality.
She fairly effused sunshine. I have n"ver keen
such a psirit of sincere optimism as this little
lady put Into liar every word and gestute.
Cu.-lous about her personal Interests and ac
tivities. I questioned our hostess.
"This young lady," she answered, "is the
most energetic person I know. Utr sincerity
Is as deep as the sea. She wants to do work
of the helping sort. For Instance, she has a
craving for youngsters, poor youngaters, those
that live down in the city's darker parts. She
wants to go down there and help make those
little tot happy, give them trinket that every
child, poor or rich, yearns for. In fact, she's
got the 'mother' Instinct, and in some noblo
work of this sort he would be a real power"
Then I learned why she was not doing it.
Her wtathy father did not want her to become
"contaminated." aa he put It. with this sort
of work. "Stay away from the misery of the
world ahd you'll keep yourself from beWl
miserable." Think or HI uiS'
The father live a clean, spotless life vlM
there he top. Ho utterly lael. !,.'.,
acicrlallcs of personality that tend i0 7
others tnnNl i,t tti j . . rW
them in goodly mcaiure; """ " 1
I have a Idea that this otherwise sironr.
charactered man was providentially .UDrtUdl I
hi child, with that Impbrtant power- J I
" - " "" "'nvc-uj incited.
Is the seldali InfafA 4.. t.i. ,-.... .
ler , the balance of 1,1s ZZZZT' i
would be the exercise of thlsiew - Z . -.' J
which he was endowed? ""
I think not.
Not Pining, but
I do not plno for human gore.
Tot boldly I assert
I'd like to slap tiro brainless yap
Who calls a girl a "skirt."
Peoria Journal.
-1 pine not to bring others woe
I trust I'm not ao mean;
But I would llko to swat the bo
Who calls a girl a, "queen."
Houston Post.
I pine to see rro Injured gink
Clutch at himself and wall:
But I'd like to boot tho crude galoot
Who calls a girl a "frail."
Now York Evening Sun,
I am not prone to violence.
But I should llko to maul
And kick and muss the Inane cuss
Who cals a girl "some doll!"
1 have no wish to go about
To give a guy a llckln',
But I'd llko to clout the looney lout
Who calls a girl a "chicken."
"Awfully Literary"
Mazle T hear that your brother's wife i
real lltorary.
Saldlc Oh. she Is! She's awfully literary!
When she spanks her baby, she does II wilh a
bcolt' Fun.
Caution lo Quotcr
"Possibly," according to the Kansas City
Star, "tho poetic gift Is born In people who
die "mute, Inglorious Shakespeatos." The
"posslblly" 1b fortunate. Before now It has
been said that a Milton a Milton could not posl
slbly bo muto or Inglorious.
The Patriot's Complaint
"1 object," declared tho Hon. Bray Lowder,
"lo this Government tendering Its good olflcci
to tho warring Powers of Europe! Why, nans
It all, thcie ain't enough good offices to jo
around nmong the patriots here at home, let
ntono wasting 'cm on foreigners!" Puck.
How Did the Boss Know That?
"Why should a married man be paid mora
than a single man?"
"The married man ain't so anxious to get
home early," declared tho boss. Seattle Post
Intelligencer. Pure Milk and Water
Mis. Bacon Do you suppose the milk our
man brines us is perfectly pure?
Mr. Eacon Oh, yes. Why, thpy pav ho never
uses anything but distilled water. Yonkcri
The Sellish Brute
She I don't see why you should hesitate to
marry on J2o00 a year. Papa say my gowns
nover coat more than that.
He But, my dear, wo must have sorr.othlnj
to eat.
She (petulantly) Isn't thai just like a man?
Always thinking of his stomach? Kansas City
Fair Words or Nothing
"George," said the wife to her generally un-
appreciative husband, "how do you like my
new hat?"
"Well, my dear," said GcorRe, with steal
candor, "to tell you the truth "
"Stop right thorc, George! If you're golns
lo talk that way about it, I don't want to
know." Ideas.
Showing Up Father
A young minister preached ono Sunday to a
rural congregation und spent the next day
visiting the people.
At one house the man of the houso was ex
pressing his appreciation of tho sermon In com
plimentary terms wltllo assisting tho minister
to put up his team. His little son had followed
him, and nfter eyeing tho minister a minute or
two exclaimed:
"Why, papa, you said he was a one hois
preacher, and he's got two bosses!" Kansai
City Star.
His Majesty received me with grac courtesy.
As 1 entered ho hud been sitting by the flte,
smoking, as usual.
"I came down to ask you," I said. 'If cu
have any comment to inalw on tho situation In
Europe "
Tie rose swiftly, while his face flushed with
"Only ono thing." he replied, hotly. "For a
long tlmo they have been calling war by the
same name as" he gestured In tho direction of
his well-known plant "my demesne. Now. elr.
in view of what is happening In Europe. I want
to ask you if you don't thinK mats a ua
libel on my own home town?" Life.
Words of Wisdom
It's surely very foolish to bear tho ills ot
Without a soul to sharo them, a sweet ana
loving wlfo
"Ask the man who owns one
Each year you wait is sp much loss; you an
not growing young;
Far better pop tho question that trembles on
the tongue
"Eventually-why not now?"
Among the maidens charming theie's on
nwniting you.
Her heart is worth the winning, her soul is
kind and true
"W 44-100 per cent, pure.'
The single life Is cheaper, a fact I don't
And married llfo brings worry that some
times grows acute
"Coats a little more than others-worth It.
The wife wilt make a sunny home, dispel e"11
cloud ot gloom.
Her loving labor lightens and brightens every
room , ,
"Chases hrt
Don't think your life is all complete and sliu"
tlio wedding ring.
Tou may be aerl3oking the most imporUni
thine , ...
"Have you a little fairy In your honv
That Is a mighty army which is being mob
ilized in the United States these days-tM
army of school children who are going y
learn how to solve the problems of life wit"
out killing each other as the barbarians a
The right eort of education will put an end w
wur. Mucon (Ga.) Chronicle.
Of the men voters in Chicago 67 per cent
voted in the primary on Wednesday of ,"
women only 8 par cent, voted. What a a
nlng blow that la for "Votes for womon.
Savannah Morning News.
If emergency taxation be necessary. ''
luxuries bo taxed, not necessarlej of Hi "
of ordinary business. Congress should eow
pel the committeemen to Impose a "war w
on their own Ingenuity and think a lit'la "
and harder. The freight tax should be J0U
and defeated. Chicago Tribune.
H Is an Indictment no nation -n nlf,
escape that patriotism, which ought to re,la
the finest sentiment and loftiest Ideal "
people, continue to be fed from l,rl1n'.h
human Impulse that hid their rl u
Stone Age. Kansas City Star,
Si' ui i nil jmggaJjH
u--rt,-.. -.,i-irT.i
'""' ,-.i1,. "" ' ....-". :...rA- --,,. ,. , -:..im.lrf,3r5r . -....-. -m-iMiiai aim"

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