EVENING EEDGER-PHIL'ADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 103J4
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CTRTJ3 II. K. COIITIS. Pbidsm.
. Jehn fJrlbbet. Vle President; Oco.W Oohn. ffereUrr t
Jehn c. Martin, Treanurer : Charles II. Lunlniton.
I'Mlip S. Collins. John B. Wllllm.DlrctOM
Ctntis n. K Ccrtic. Chairman.
P. It. WHALBT BxfCHtlvff BJHot
JOnW C, MARTIN Oensrul nuilness Manager
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PIIILADEIXIIIA. WEDNESDAY, SKITWnElt 16. 1914
Transit a Juggernaut to Hold-Backs.
N THE letter sent out by James G. Bal
four and John M. Fogelsanger, urging tho
stockholders of the Union Traction Company
to protest to tho company's directorate
against acceptance of the suggestion relative
to rapid transit made by tho Rapid Transit
Company, appears this statement:
"A commltteo of the Board of Directors of
the Rapid Transit Company has come before
the Board nf Directors of the Union Traction
Company with the proposal that Union Trac
tion stockholders shall give the Rapid Tran
sit Company financial support to tho extent
of supplying funds for tho extension and
equipment of existing lines AND FOR THE
EQUIPMENT OP THK NOW PROPOSED
CITY BUILT AND OWNED SYSTEM OF
RAPID TRANSIT LINES."
Tho agreement resulting from conferences
between the Department of City Transit and
the Rapid Tran.tlt Company, under the cap
tion, "Union Traction Co-operation," says:
"The Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company
will rely upon the Union Traction Company
to aid In securing ONLY SUCH FUNDS AS
WILL BE REQUIRED FOR THE NORMAL
EXTENSION OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM,
the requirements for which will be greatly
lessened by the establishment of the new
high speed lines."
The discrepancy between the two utterances
la obvious and vital. The Union Traction
Company has not been asked and will not
bo asked to provide funds of any sort or In
any amount for the proposed new system.
The Union Traction Company, of course. Is
at perfect liberty to decline to participate In
the program. It may, If It wishes, forego tho
guarantees offered by the city against loss
of net Income occasioned by diversion of traf
fic to the high-speed lines and the abolition
of exchango tickets. But the Union Traction
Company cannot prevent the achievement of
rapid transit In Philadelphia. There Is no
company that can do that.
The thousands of workers, men and women,
who are paying six cents a day more- than
they ought to ray for conveyance to and
from their work and the thousands of others
who enjoy a five-cent fare, but loso pre
cious minutes dally through slow service,
are not Interested In the details of finance,
They only know that the municipality is am
"u, JJly- rich enough to accomplish tho project.
They will sweep politicians or any other set
of men aside, If necessary, and use their
votes to get what they want. Public opinion
Is settled. It will have rapid transit. Tho
movement has already become a Juggernaut
to tho little fellows who think they can
An "Ism" That Hamstrings Protection
A DEMOCRAT has been elected Governor
. of Maine, The wave of revolt has not
subsided sufficiently to throw this naturally
Republican Commonwealth back Into tha
party column. The Progressive allegiance
proved strong enough, despite tremendous
losses, to prevent Republican success.
The result Is typical of what may be ex
pected In other States If the party does not
kick out of leadership the men who were
responsible In tho first place for the wreck
of the Institution and who are standing now.
In the manner of dogs In the manger. In
sisting that the wreck and ruin they have
left behind them constitute a reason for
their retontlon In power. There are thou
sands of Progressives who ore still good Re
publicans, but they will not come back Into
camp until they know that It has been fumi
gated and cleaned.
The elections In November are rnerPly
preparatory. The real fight will be In 1916.
The Republican party has this year the op
portunity to prove Its moral competency, lta
Independence, Its convalescence. The way to
tha White House Is straight, not crooked,
and there Is not enough argument In the
world to convince the people of other Com
monwealths that Penroselsm travels on the
It Is triumphant Republicanism without
Fenrosetsm or It la a languid, heartless,
powerless and nerveless Republicanism with
Penroselsm. Intelligent citizens should have
no difficulty In determining which they prefer.
A New Kind of Men For Bullets.
WHEN tho veil Is lifted from the broad
battle lines fast and west of Germany
and the splendor of the victories la dulled by
the sombre pall of suffering and death, a nw
spirit of determined opposition to war will
force its way around tho world. Tho tele
graph and cable, the enormous facilities of
the modern world for communication, hava
torn the mask of glory from the battleflold.
It was well enough for men to fight when
only the living returned to tell of t, when
tales of massacre did not reach men's homes
until weeks or months after the event. But
now the horror of war it shoulder to shoulder
with the glamour of it on the front page. A
single bullet can destroy two decades of edu
cation or sweep Into eternity the fickle light
of genius; for more terrible than the number
of men is the kind of men killed. That Is the
loss that staggers civilization and drives It
backward. It Is not the last great war, but
It Is one of the last, and It will do more than
all the pamphlets ever printed to hasten the
day of universal peace. The common sense
of humanity as a whole Is certain eventually
to gain the mastery over passion.
Link Up the Social Agencies
THE public schools are now sorting out
the children of defective mentality, refer
ring them to psychologists and physicians
and social workers, so as to know how to
grade them and how best to deal with them
educationally. The psychologist tests their
mentality; the physician tests their physical
condition, and the social worker finds out
jiielr family history and environment. Ail
theso findings are recorded and nro of great
value. They cover the child's history up to,
usually, about 16 years. Why should not this
valuable data bo turned over to the Juvenllo
Court for use in cases of delinquency occur
ring among school children? It would save
the court a vast deal of time nnd money,
and would cut out a lot of testing and Inves
tigating and duplication of work already
done by tho schools, nnd done more carefully
and thoroughly than tho courts enn do It.
In Buffalo, out of a public school graduat
ing class (average ago 16) 04 were known, by
test, to bo only from five to eight years old
mentally. Tot thoy woro turned loose on tho
community without any adequate provision
for futuro help or protection agnlnst tho dan
gers Inherent In their defective state. There
would seem to bo a great need of linking up
and co-ordinating all our public nnd private
soclnl agencies to prevent this slate of affairs.
Beat Fcnroso s Win tho Nation
MR. PENROSE could not bo elected United
States Senator from Illinois. In Califor
nia his candidacy would bo ridiculed. In
Maine not a corporal's guard would rally to
his support. In Ohio ho would bo treated as
his prototype, Foraker, was treated. In Mis
souri it would not take SO minutes to count
the votes he could get. In Maryland, another
doubtful State, It would be Penrose last, with
nono of tho other candidates In sight. A So
cialist would poll more votes than ho In Wis
consin and Iowa. In Washington there would
bo an avalanche of women's ballots polled
against htm. Where, East or West, In any
doubtful State, could Penrose command a
Yet this Is tho man who, pleading for pro
tection, refuses to step aside and permit some
other man who could really do something for
protection to go to Washington. It Is mockery-
of reason to assume that tho rest of tho
nation would follow Pennsylvania in devotion
to such a leader. It is sheer madness to sup
pose that there can be any rehabilitation of
tho Republican party so long as he Is one
of Its accredited leaders. It Is proper for men
whose business Is threatened to dedlcato their
work and Influence to the restoration of Re
publican policy In Washington, but every ef
fort they make will bo futile if they insist
upon using as their representative a man
whose name Is Identified with tho most thor
oughly discredited and hotcd system of poli
tics In America.
Tho national Republican party has many
enemies and Mr. Penrose Is the greatest of
them all. In his own State nnd In his own
town he has alienated the Independent Re
publican press. In no other Commonwealth
Is there any Republican newspaper with any
pretentions whatover to Independence that
would even consider apologizing for or ad
vocating Penroselsm. They know It for what
It Is. They have no doubts about tho cuckoo
being In tho robin's nest. Only In Pennsylva
nia Is tho rarty expected to bo a Llttlo Red
Riding Hood. Elsewhere and here, too, tho
alluring front of the house of Penroselsm
does not decelvo observers. Thoy have also
been looking at tho back yard.
A Really Responsive Government
WHEN, In 1776 and' thereabouts, a goodly
proportion of tho inhabitants of the
Thirteen Colonics threw off the yoke of Brit
ish bondage they thought, and their descend
ants after thorn, that they had ncqulred a
considerable superiority over tho rest of tho
Anglo-Saxon people. It seems, however, that
In political matters the English trust them
selves much more implicitly than Americana
do. Their Constitution varies according to
the will of Parliament.
It was proposed yesterday In tho House of
Commons that the durutlon of tho present
Parliament be extended to 1917. and It Is
quite likely that the several parties' will agreo
to such a continuance. The Government of
Ireland net and tho Welsh Church act, ac
cording to tho probable arrangement, will
be simply relegated to tho futuro, and all at
tempts to force a general election on domestic
Issues will be ubandoned.
After the "Pensionary Parliament" had sat
from 1C60 to 1677 and lost all touch with the
country another Parliament limited tho life
of each assembly to three years Then tho
Septennial act prolonged its possible life to
soven yearB, and by the five-year clause of
the Parliament act of 1911 tho term was
reduced. A Parliament rarely dies a nat
ural death, and now comes tho generally fa
vored proposal to prolong the present one,
which has been in session since 1M0, to 1917.
That means, of course, the extension of the
Cabinet tenure for one year over the statu
tory limit. Where, except in England,
can be found a governmental system so
quickly adjustable to the needs and exigen
cies of the time? No s.low-moving machinery
to be operated to effect a chang necessary
to tho new conditions; no referendum, no con
stitutional convention. Bimply a response on
the part of tho men In Parliament and tho
Cabinet to their obligations as public ser
vants, In such spirit as that In which Burke
addressed his constituents nt Bristol: "Your
representative owes you wt his industry only,
but his Judgment."
Aided by that recent brush with tho Oer
man ships, tho British fleet should have no
difficulty In sweeping; the seas.
Tho way to got rapid transit is to get it, and.
the, way not to get it la to permit holdbacks
and lovers pf technicalities to staiui In the
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
The troops will be glad to get away from
Vera Cruz. They are ansloua to get back,
home and find out, what they were (lawn
. nfw.ii i m
Those who are best acquainted with the
work of Doctor Brumbaugh in the schools
are convinced that he will he able to teach
the politicians something.
The Maine result shows that the only thing
necessary to turn small Democratic, plurali
ties Into big Republican majorities is to
shake off Penroselsm and other things of
the kind that have fattened themaelyes on
The Government - ownership - of - railroads
Idea seems to have become very popular in
Mexico, where the Provisional President
thinks he Is neglecting his duty unless he
confiscates something or other before break
WHEN you read In your favorit news
paper that some one has found a $1000
pearl In an oyster, put It down to Ignorance
or to tho attempt to advertise the restaurant.
Pearls found In salt water oysters are worth
loss. So says Herman Myer, father of tho
American pearl Industry, who hna devoted
20-odd years to exploiting the fresh water
pearlo of this country, from Wisconsin to
Arkansas, from hln native State, Tonnessee,
to Malno. Mycr's life work has all the
glamour of romance. Born In Carthago, Ten
nessee, ho was Bont to Harvard and was
graduated with honors In chemistry. Dur
ing one of his vacations, spent at homo, a
fisherman brought him a pearl. That started
his downward career, for his father, himself
a banker, had wanted his son to follow In
his financial footstops. But young Myer
thought otherwise, nnd, packing his grip,
went to Now York, whero ho sold his pearl
to Tiffany's tho first American pearl ever
sold In tho New York markot.
Thero was a time when Oriental pearls
were worth their weight In gold; today tho
Iridescent pcarr, found In tho rivers of Iowa
nnd Wisconsin, Is more valuable than a dia
mond of corresponding size. And Myer Is
largely responsible for this. Up and down
tho Inland rivers ho traveled, on foot, by
train, In wagons, preaching tho value of tho
gem to tho fishermen, telling them how to
find It, how to valuo it, how to market it
And tho upshot of it all was that tho self
same fishermen becamo so expert that they
doubled nnd troblod tho price to Myer, until
tho profit to the wholesaler was almost
BUT oven Myer was not tho first to deal
In American pearls, for In tho great
cathedral In Seville, Spain, rests a collodion
of theso gems, gathered by De Soto and his
followers during their Invasion of our South
ern States and his trip to tho Father of
Waters. In tho archives of tho Spanish city
may bo found wondrous tales of the vast
riches of the American Indians of De Soto's
days, of the Immense stores of pearls found
by tho adventurers, of tho utter disregard
tho natives had for their valuo. But the
bushels of pearls gathered as spoils by tho
Spaniards were lost In the main when 111
fortuno overtook them.
CONCEDING for tho sake of argument that
you know tho names of our rivers, did
you ever hear of tho Opeek or tho AUlwege
sepe or tho Causlssepplone? Or the Al
bacha? Yet you know them all well, only
tho river now Is known as the Ohio, Iroquois
WHEN you seo a person of tho male per
suasion approach and noto his delight
fully pink socks or mayhap they may bo
pale green or lavender do not start and
wonder at his folly. It's nothing new to wear
brightly colored hosiery, which, by tho way,
threatens to becomo extinct because wo can
not get dyes from abroad. In tho rooms of
the Socloty of Antiquaries in London is an
exhibition of ancient socks, dug out of the
ruins of Antlnoc, Egypt. Tho examples
shown nro In good preservation and aro suf
ficiently "loud" to please the most extreme of
futurists. Principal among tho exhibits are
socks of yellow, green, red and black In
horizontal stripes, which outdo anything yet
shown In our haberdashery' shops.
WHEN tho Boer War broke out General
Sir John French, commanding tho
British forces In France, was In Ladysmlth,
Natal, about to be besieged by the Boers.
Ho took tho last train out and seated him
self In the compartment of tho car, smoking.
Hardly had tho train left the city for Durban
on tho coast, when the ping of Boer bullets
resoundt-d and tho windows In tho cars were
shattered. Sir John, unperturbed, assumed
a horizontal position nnd finished his smoko.
General Grant was another soldier who
smoked and died from cancer said to have
been caused by that habit. Once, when ho
wus going to Now Yorlf, his train fell into
tho Passaic River, near Newark, only the
windows of tho coaches being visible abovo
AVlion tho rescuers reached the scene of
tho disaster they found the General stand
ing In water up to his neck puffing as usual
on a coal black cigar!
LOOKING through old newspaper files
makes Interesting reading. A Topeka
paper reports under date of 1864 tho arrival
of 200 bales of buffalo robes, "tho largest
cargo over seen" In that city. And a few
Items further down tho column we read:
"Gov. James Lane, of KansaB, and Gov.
Yates, of Illinois, will be speakers at tho
Lincoln and Johnson ratification meeting
hero on September 6."
BUT thero are things which happened
years ago which do not get Into tho
newspapers, such ns tho mistaken adven
tures of the first Chinese Minister to this
enlightoned country of ours. What his namo
was has slipped memory, but his malaprop
Isms have not. His first social visit was to
the wife of a Cabinet member. Ho arrived
at 8 In tho evening nnd, knowing some Eng
lish, proved entertaining. The minutes
turned Into hours. Blown came and found
tho Minister still talking. Twelve came.
"l am wry sorry." said the hostess, "but
it Is getting so late "
"I urn so pleased you spoke," replied tho
Minister, "you seo, In my country a gentle
man cannot depart until tho lady of tho
house has given hop permission."
And as he started for tho door the hostess
graciously naked him to call again, "very
At S tho same morning the bell rang tho
Minister had called again, "very soon."
THK Chinese nro tho most literal nation
on earth. They will oboy orders, no mat
ter what tho cost. An American naval otIN
cor on temporary duty In Hongkong discov
ered this. Ho was the proud owner of a
pair o hitherto Immaculate whlto flannel
trousers, which had been put hors de combat
by a grease Btaln. Ko he took them to a
Chinese tailor with instructions to make an
other pair exactly like tho sample.
Twenty-four houis later tha Chinese tailor
arrived with the now trousers "exactly alike
even to the stain! BRADFORD.
The red and white striped barber's pole
dute? back fceveral centuries, when bar
bers Mill exercised the profession of blood
letting. During the operation the patient
had to grasp a stick, and a pole was
always kopt at hand, together with the band,
age necessary after the cutting. Eventually
the barbers hung their insignia, pole and
bandage, out of their windows. Early In the
-ii.. .1. nnn...H, V.n TIMHmH TiafMaryy Ant
passed a law compelling barbers to put out
(, r , tij-wd 1'1. arid white, while surf-on-
I t,ii r-rs '"r-d theirs red and white. The
last known barber surgeon In London was a
man named Mlddledltch, of Great Suffolk
street, who died there In 1S31. Ho was also
a dentist, and a writer of that day says in
an "Autobiography"! "I have a vivid recol
lection of his dentistry."
' The Battle of Kegs really took place dur
ing the Revolution when patriots sot afloat
Infernal machines, formed like kegs, In the
hopo that they would destroy tho English
fleet In tho Delaware, off Philadelphia. Tho
British discovered tho stratagem and began
firing nt ovcry floating thing, thus establish
ing tho name of tho battle.
Tho largest bed In the world ?& "on
at Waro, England. It Is twelve foot square
and Is capable of holding a dozen persons.
Shakespeare refers to this monster bed in
"Twelfth Night"! "Although tho sheet were
blR enough for the Bed of Ware In England.
IS THIS PUBLIC OPINION?
Contributions From Readers on the Senatorial
Situation in Pennsylvania
To fi Editor of the Evening Ledger!
Sir Senator Ponrose has again demonstrated
his dominance of tho organization of the Re
publican party In this State and has promul
gated a platform of platitudes and generalities.
He professes what his last Legislature refused
to enact Into laws, albeit his professions ore
far from binding party obligations to do any
thing definite and really remedial, and every
one Is confident that ho does not Intend that
tho next Legislature shall Improvo on Its pre
decessors. Ills Intention to secure ro-eleotlon
as United States Senator and tho power he
wields through his organization to that end are
tho alarming things. Yet ho can be dofoated,
as the defeat of tho Stato road loan has
demonstrated. Ho Is a blight on his party and
on the State. THOMAS ROSS.
DoylcBtown, September 14, 1011.
MUST END HIS POLITICAL POWER
To the Editor of the Evening I.eAgerl
Sir Tho many persons of diversified Inter
ests throughout this Commonwealth, who are
Interested In tho forthcoming November elec
tion and wish to seo the result thereof bring
about the defeat of Penrose, are vory much
concerned over tho attltudo your valuablo
paper, tho Evening Ledger, will take during
the campaign with respect to his candldaoy.
May I not urge upon you the vory grave re
sponsibility which you hold as editor of
this very excellent papor? Tho primary enm
pnlgn committed you against Penrose, and your
active opposition to his election during tho
next two months would have a great influence
In ending his opportunity further to misrepre
sent this Commonwealth at Washington.
I hope, Indeed, that you will see your way
clear to oppose, with all the editorial and news
powor of your paper, tho claims of Penrose
for election In this campulgn.
RALPH J. BAKER.
Philadelphia, September 14, 1914.
A RECORD OF MISREPRESENTATION
To the Editor of tho Evenlno I.edaer:
Sir I recall, with pleasure, the brilliant fight
mado by tho Public Ledoeh against Senator
Fcnroso In tho primaries. It was most credit
able to tho management of tho paper as
Indicating Its Independence nnd Its high stan
ard of service to tho people of this Com
monwealth. Senator Penroso Is now tho samo
man he was before tho primaries. The samo
record of misrepresentation of tho people and
scrvlco of tho Interests remains. Tho samo
"moral Issue" confronts tho voters of this
Commonwealth. I am glad to seo tho Evening
Lodger maintain the high standard of right
eousness which It has assumed under its present
management. E. J. LYNETT.
Philadelphia, September 11, 1911.
A MENACE TO THE STATE
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Remembering the attitude of the I't'nuo
LEDona during the Senatorial primary contest
In this State, I am glad that you still recognlzo
tho "moml Issue" as paramount In tho general
campaign this fall. Penroso Is a menaco and a
disgrace to all Christendom, and you will be held
responsible, In tho opinion of a humble Ponn
sylvanlan, for any endeavor to prolong this
monaco on Pennsylvania. You can render a
lasting service to this State by support!?
tho opposing candidate for United States Sena
tor. Am I correct?
THOMAS J. MOVER.
Unlontown, September 14, 1914.
DISGRACE TO THE STATE
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I am a reader of tho Public Ledger and
have always admired Its fearless stand on
questions of public Interest and Its inde
pendence in politics. Of late I havo lx'cn in
terested and concerned as to what stand the
Evening Lodger would take editorially on
the candidacy of Boles Penrose. In view of tho
fact that tho Prnuc Lmiocn vigorously opposed
his nomination, nnd editorially declared that
Penroselsm was a moral Issue, I rejoice that
you decided to tal.c a stand against his elec
tion in favor of Palmer.
With the wide circulation which the Evening
Ledger has throughout the Stato it would ha
an important factor in bringing about the
defeat of a man who Is a disgrace to the fair
namo of this Commonwealth.
Heaver Falls, Pa., September 14, 1911.
WAGE FIGHT AGAINST SENATOR
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir It seems to ua that the Evening Ledger
can render a very great service to tho people
nf the State and do honor to Itself by opposing
the re-election of Boles Penrose to tho United
KtaUw Senate thW fall.
Senator Penrose stands for policies nnd for
political methods that moot tho disapproval of
most nil who have tho public interests of the
Commonwealth at heart.
If tho Evening Ledger will tako decided
ground against his re-election It will probably
bs tho turning point In the campaign and
assure tho defeat of Senator Penrose.
AVe trust that you will give tho matter serlou?
GEOROE II. BEDFORD.
WllUes-Barre, September II, 1914.
POLICIES FOR REVENUE ONLY
To the Editor of tht Evening Ledger:
Sir As a subscriber and reader of the Vam.ia
LEUnmi for over twenty years, I want to ox
press to you my delight that you nro using the
power of tho Evening Ledger against the re.
election of Senator Penroso. Fur many years he
has stood for all that la worst In Pennsylvania
politics. He has been closely lubsoclatud with
tho disgraceful happenings at the Stute capital.
The fact of his pre-tence in WaMiington as Sena
tor from ono of tho greatest Ktutos in tho Union
Is a staudlnu inunaco to the higher patriotism, a
constant emourugennint of policies fur revenue
only. JEdSE H. HOWIES.
Swarthroore, September 11, 1914.
SORDID CARICATURE OF STATESMAN
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir The political reputation of this genera
tlon In the great history nf tho State demands
that the battle you h.vvo bQ worthily begun
shall be fought to a victorious end.
Kuii:itT O. BROOKS.
gwarthmorc, September 14, 1914
WHAT A JUDGE WRITES
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
pirWould it be deemed wholly Impertinent
and Intrusive If ono who la fond of tho Evening
Lepokh should suggest that in his humble opln
Ion there has never been a mora opportune time,
nut Indeed a more marked uctu&ion. for great
public bervtce ty a great newspaper than tho
I am only one of It? readers who have In
dulged the hope of eing the weight of its In
fluence cast Into the scales against Penroselsm.
E. C. NUWCOMB,
Bcranton, September 14, 1914.
OPPORTUNE TIME FOR DEFEAT
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir It seems to me that you could not do a
better service for machlne-rldden Pcnnylvanla
than to oppose the election of Boles PenroMi
for Senator. This seems to bo an opportune
time to got fid of the machine, and It may
be rfrted by his defeat for the Senate.
HXMl'EL B. PRICE.
Bcramoiis ppimDer 11, nut.
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
AT FIRST glance one might think there w
, no connection between the site of the
building where the Evening Ledger Is issued
and Sunday schools, but thero Is.
Sunday schools are now so common that their
existence Is taken as a matter of course, and
yet only 100 years back they wore so muoh
n novelty that they were being studied elso
where, especially In England, with a view to
Introducing thorn Into this country.
And when It had been decided to Introduce
them here, tho movement that wos organized
to support them had Its home In Philadelphia.
Now the oonnectlon between the Ledger
Building and this movement Is simply this,
that the American Sunday School Union, hav
ing been formed, made tho ancient building
then on this site Its headquarters, and remained1
hero until about BO years ago. It removed to
its new building on Chestnut street, near
Twelfth, from whloh location It again removed
only a few years ago still further westward.
But the site was hlatorlo even before that
day. In the new view of the group of buildings
on Independence Square, whtch embellished the
Columbian Magazine in 1790, there will be seen
In tho foreground an Isolated structure, named
the Academy. Unfortunately It Is only tho
rear of tho structure that Is presented to us,
but It Is sufilclent to glvo us an Idea of tho
character of building which was first erected
on this lot.
This building was orccted for the then new
Academy of tho Episcopal Church, Just about
the tlmo the forfeiture of tho chpifter of tho old
College and Academy of Philadelphia was ac
complished, which, as it turned out, was a good
tiling for all concerned, for that Institution
raised Its head again as the University of
The Episcopal Academy, which still thrives
after more than a century of useful scrvlco
in ths cause of education, was organized In
1785. The Rev. John Andrews was appointed
Its first principal, nnd in 1787 tho Institution
received Us charter and aloo a grant of 10,000
acres of land from the State.
Its first homo was on Fourth Btreet, below
Market, but this provided little moro than a
makeshift, and arrangements wero begun for
tho oroctlon of tho building on Chestnut street,
west of Sixth. The Blto of this structure Is
covered by the Washington Building, C12 and
Gil. Tho building was still unfinished In 17S3
when tho Academy moved Into Its new homo.
But, while the Fourth streot houso was too
modest, this was soon found to bo too ex
pensive, nnd It was sold In 1791.
Subsequently It becamo a hotel, and suffered
fovercly from tho fire that destroyed Rlckett's
Circus at the corner of Sixth and Chestnut
streets In December, 1799. Ocller's Hotel, as tho
house was known, was the finest hotel In tho
city. Those historic! banquets of the French
sympathizers, who wore tho tricolor cockado
and tried to sing tho "Marseillaise" In French
as they waved liberty caps In honor of Citizen
Genet, were held here.
Talleyrand himself, while In the city. Is said
to have stopped there, and tho colo'brated Doctor
Priestley honored these affairs by his presence
In thoso dnys the doctor resided for a time on
Market streot, west of Sixth. Thero Is a long
story to tell about Oeller's Hotel Itself, but
this Is about Sunday schools.
It was quite a long tlmo afterward that the
American Sunday School Union enmo to this
site. The Interim was filled by tho building
being used for various purposes, part of tho
time as a boarding house.
When tha nineteenth century opened, strange
as it may appear, there was not a Sunday school
In tho modern ienso In this country. There had
been such schools In England since Robert
Raikes, a Gloucester, England, printer, opened
one In this city, nnd set an example for the
entire Christian world.
Raikes' Idea took hold, for ho seems to have
been one of tho first to havo not only seen
the connection between neglect and ignorance
and crime, but to have put forth a plan by
which this might be icinndled. This plan was
put Into operation In Gloucester In 17S2; by
degrees tho Idea spread all over England, Lon
don having Introduced this form of Instruction
In theso first schools an effort was mado to
teach the children something more than piety
and correct conduct; It also bought to glvo
them a rudimentary education. It should be
remembered that what we call public schools
were still a long way off, and those children
whose parents could not pay for their education
got none. Our own public school system Is
less than a century old.
AVIiat teems to have been tho (lrs.t Sunday
school established In this city was organized
In 1S11 by Robert May, who had received his
knowledge In a Sunday school In London. May
left the country In 1S12, but tho seed took root.
It was not that the Idea was not regarded
as a good one that it did not take hold muio
quickly, but thero was the expense attached to
It that had to be borne. In order to assist
those Sunday schools that needed It, and at
the samo time to supply propor literature tor
them, the Philadelphia Sunday and Adult School
Union was formed In U17. New York had a
similar union, and finally, in 1S23. It was pro
posed that a national union should bo cstab.
This was tho beginning of tho American Sun
day School Union, which was formed that
year, and was constituted in 1S21. It was de
cided that Philadelphia was most centrally lo
cated for tho heud'iuurteru 0f tho organization,
and this became its home. Three years later
the property now 012 and itH chestnut street
WAt purchuked and the uniuu established here.
Tun ye.rs later it lucl the titles of 6oj of its
own publications on Its catalogue.
I am not sure of what lonstitutca a lilstorlo
site, but I am inclined to the belief that this
has eomo claim to the distinction.
Yesterday I came across on Instance of good
liwilthy energy lytns dormant.
Among a iup of folks with wHom I was
chatting was a young woman liardly out of
her twenties whu dominated the wbulo gruuii
with a mast reraarbably maunetle personality.
She fairly effused sunshine l bavo nver seen,
such a tplrit of sincere optimism as this little
lady put Into her every wurd and gesture.
Civluus ubout her personal interests and ac
tivities, 1 uutUoed our luutt-M.
"This young lady," she answered. "Is the
most etargetie person l know. Her sincerity
Is as deep as the kea. she wants to do work
of the helping suit. For Instance, she has a
craving for youngsters, poor youngsters, thoso
that live down In the city's darker parts. She
wants to go down there and help make thoe
Uttle tuts happy, give them trinkets that ever)
child, poor or rich, yearns for. in fait, she's
got the mother' Instinct, unj in some noble
work of this sort she would be a real power
Then I learned why she was not doinj It
Her weathy father did not want her to become
contaminated," as he put It, with this sort
of work, "Stay away from the misery of the
world nnd you'll keep yourself from becomku
miserable." Think of HI Jf
The father lives a clean, spotless life. ..
there he slops. He utterly lacks those char,
acterlstlcs of personality that torid to dr&i
others toward him. Ills daughter possess,
them In goodly measure.
I have an Idea that this otherwise stron.
charactered man was providentially supplied, I,'
his child, with that Important power, person.
allty, that his own maka-up lacked,
Is the selfish Interest In his daughter welgM,
ler in the balance of his own character thi'
would be the exercise of this new energy WtJ
which ho was endowed?
I think not
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
Not Pining, hnt
I do not pine for human gore.
Yet boldly I assort
I'd Uko to slap tho brainless yan
Who calls a girl a "skirt."
I plno not to bring others woe
I trust I'm not bo mean!
But I would llko to Bwat tho bo
Who calls a alrl a "queen."
I plno to seo no Injured gink
Clutch at htmsolf and wall:
But I'd llko to boot the crude galoot
Who calls a girl a "frail."
Now York Evening Sua
I am not prone to violence.
But I should llko to maul
And kick and muss tho Inano ctiai
Who calls a girl "somo doll!"
I havo no wish to go about
To glvo a guy a Uckln,
But I'd llko to clout tho loonoy lout
Who calls a girl a "chicken." I
Mazlo I hear that your brother's wlfa fy
Saldlc Oh, she Is I She's awfully llterarjl
When she spanks her baby, she does It with t
book i Fun.
Caution to Quotcr
"Possibly," according to tho Kansas air
Star, "tho poetlo gift Is born In people win
dlo "mute, Inglorious Shnkespearea." Th
"poaslblly" Is fortunate. Boforo now It hu
been said that a Milton a Milton could not po.
slbly bo muto or Inglorious.
The Patriot's Complaint
"I object," declared tho Hon. Bray Lowdr,
"to this Government tendering Its good office
to the warring Powers of Europe 1 Why, hanj
It nil, there ain't enough good ofilccs to io
around among tho patriots hero at horns, lit
alone wasting 'em on foreigners I" Puck.
How Did tho Boss Know That?
"Why should a married man be paid mon
than n slnglo man?"
"Tho married man ain't so anxious to gtt
homo enrly," declared tho boss. Seattle Port
Intelligencer. Pure Milk anil Water
Mrs, Bacon Do you suppose Iho milk our
man brings us Is perfectly pure?
Mr. Bacon Oh, yea. Why, they say ho nevtr
uaes anything but distilled water. Yonken
The Sellish Brute
She I don't see why you should hesitato to
many on 2500 a year. Papa say my gowa
novor cost moro than that.
He But, my dear, wo must havo Eomcthlnj
Slio (petulantly) Isn't that Just llko a man!
Always thinking of his stomach? Kansas Cit
Fair Words or Nothing
"George," said tho wlfo to her generally tin-
appreciative husband, "how do you like mj
"Well, my dear," snid George, with great
candor, "to tell you the truth "
..cm,, rl,.lit tlinro nrnriro! If vou'ro EOlnl
to talk that way about it, I don't want to
Showing Up Father
A young minister preached ono Sunday to a
rural congregation anu spent mu nejii uj
visiting tho people.
At ono house the man of the house was ex
pressing his appreciation of tho seimon in com
plimentary terms while assisting tho mlnlsW
to put up his teum. Ills llttlo son had followei
hlin, and after eyeing tho minister a minute ci
"Why, papa, you said he was a one nosi
preacher, and ho's got two bosses!" Kaniu
His Mnjesty received me with grave courtesy.
As I entered ho had been sitting by tho firs,
smoking, as usual.
"I came down to ask you." I said, 'If vol
have any comment to make on the situation q
Europe " , .
Ho rose swiftly, while his face flushed wltt
"Only one thing." ho replied, hotly "For
long time they have been calling war by tbl
same namo ns" ho gestured In tho dlieetloncl
his well-known plant "my demesne. Now, tv,
In view of what Is happening In Europe , I wan
to ask you if you don't think that a bs-'
libel on my own homo town?" Life
Words of Wisdom
It's surely very foolish to bear the ills cl
AVlthout a soul to share them, a sweet aai
"Ask tho man who owns one
Each year ynu wait Is so much Ios; you '
not crraulnc vounir:
Far bettur pop tho question that trembles ci
tho toneuo .
"Eventually why not now'
Among tho maidens charming there's on
ir heart Is worth
kind and true
lion I lit,. ..nit
Her heart Is worth tho winning, her soul i
"93 44-100 per cent jure.
Tho sIiiqIo llfo Is cheaper, a fact I do"1
And married llfo brings worry tint m"1"
times grows acute
"Costs a little moro than others vmth li-
Tho wife will mako a sunny home, disp-1 (i
cloud of gloom,
Her loving labor lightens and brighten eve"
Don't think your Ufa Is all compute ant sn!
tho wedding ring, .
You may bo overlooking the most import'
"Have you a llttlo fairy In your wme
THE NATIONAL POINT OF MEW
That U a mlulity army which ii benn; mot"
lllzcul In the Putted Slates tlieue .ims-l"
army of M'hool children tvlm .ne B' '" itIJ
learn how to solve tho problems nf lif' 'Jv
out bllllmt enoh Other as the barbirnim
The right sort of education will put an iad
war. Mucon (Ga.) Chronicle.
Of tho men voters ill Chicago E7 pir est
voted In the primary on Wedm-sl iv "' l
women only S per cent, vow d l hut a
mug blow that Is for "Votes for numen
Savannah Morning Kws.
It emergency taxation be necesaury. '!
luxuries be taxed, not neeessailm "f "' "
of ordinary business fuiicri ss bb'.uU :,
pel the cuminUl. uiiifii to impost u "r " ,
on their own iiuemilty illu t,inli u lit''" 'L
and balder Tin fit Win tux shuuld b I""!"
and defeated -('iiicueo Tribune
It Is an indictment ., nation ' abfjt
escape that patriotism, whan ought to "
the fintst eeiitirmiii ni.-l u -t ' ' .i
people, continues to be fed from pn'' '
human li"' ' Hut I i ip ir in " "'
Stone Age. Kansas City Star.
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