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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, September 18, 1914, Postscript Edition, Image 1

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LTnTxnX I postscript
VOL. l-'iN'O. o
president Wilson Hopeful
That Further Negotiations
Will Result From United
States' Offer to Act.
TVASHINGTO.V, Sopt. IS. President
Wilson is "extremely hopeful" that jitou
rcss toward pence In Europe will result
from Informal sounillnB of Germany and
the alllcs
Tlils was the situation today rcgnidliig
peace and mediation overtures, noeoidlng
to a high authority. It Is still too early
to discuss terms, but by careful und
,low discussions thtotigh bulb official and
pilvato sources, the President, It Is bald,
I,(i3 reason fur hope that some deflnlto
peace ovciturcs may bo presented at an
ea ly date.
The President ehmnclcilzes the senti
ments expressed ' by Herman Chancel
lor Hethmanii-Hoilwcg to Ambassador
Gerard, "as iiun-cnirmllltul." It was nu
thorltalIely slated today that the
chancellor's eonvetsnllon with Gerard did
not touch upon terms or even suggest
possible coceptancu of the President's
riediiitlon ovci lures.
it Is understood that tho Chancellor
only went so fur as to say (whether with
cr without the Kaiser's hnowledKo and
ton3cnt la unknown to officials here),
that Germany could not consider or even
I'.lscuts mediation until the position of
the allies was known.
'o reply wan made by Emperor Wil
liam himself, nor did the Imperial Chan
cellor Indicate whetltcr or not ho spoke
on behalf of his monarch, Ambassador
Gerard cabled President Wilson the Chan
cellor's icmarks from recollection, which
ncre substantially as follows:
Germany was appreciative of the
American Government's Intel est and
offer of services in trying to mako
peace. Gei many did not want war,
but had It forced on her. Kven If
i-he defeats France, she must likewise
vanquish both Great Britain and Rus
sia, as all three have made an aRree
ment not to mako pence except by
common consent. Similarly, England
has announced thiough Premier As
qulth and her diplomatists and news
papers that sho intended to fight to
the limit of her endurance.
In view of that determination on
the part of Great Britain, the United
States ought to get proposals of peace
from the allies. Germany could ac
cept onl a lusting peace, one that
uoulJ mako her people secure against
futme attacks. To accept mediation
now would be interpreted by the allies
is a alga of weakness on the part of
Germany, and would be mlsundotstood
by the German people who, having
SJaaHe grout sacrifices, had tho right to
ftemand guarantees of scouilty.
While the greatest official secrecy sur
rounds the peace negotiations. It was ac
cepted today that the President will
ihoitly make Ruatdpd Inrormal Inquiries
from the allies, advising them of the
German Chancellor's position. It was re
ported that the President would ask It
the allies could present any tentative
counter-proposals, or other suggestions in
view of the Chancellor'!) stand that might
bring the nations together upon some
plane of preliminary discussion.
it was evident today that President Wll
on himself Is personally handling the
mediation and peace overtures to the ex
clusion of Pecietnry of State Bryan and
other oflidals nnd even excluding the dip
lomatic representatives hero of tho war
rlns powers. That 1ih expects tV take
an active personal role In the ultimate
peace proceedings Is forecasted.
Stirred by the Issuance of the latest
"white paper" from London, dealing with
the rupture between Russia, and Ger
many and Russia nnd Austria, both
Count Jnhann von llernstorff. the German
Ambassador, and Dr. C'onstantln Dumbn,
Austria's Ambassador at Washington, de.
nled todav the assertion of Sir Maurice
Dr nunsn that Germany had made peace
The German and Austrian representa
tives reiterated former declarations that
Pus-sla. not Germany was the real as
sessor Thev intimated strongly that
the British "white paper" containing
Maurices assertion was written from a
partial point of view and was untrue.
on Bernstorff said the atrocities were
likewise false.
Kaiser's Troops Approach Within 10
Miles, but Fn.il to Attack.
bordeaux, Kept. is.
A dispatch fiom Brlfort says that that
city Ins not bad to resist a serious Ger
man atlnck, ns the enemy never ap
pioached nearer than hi miles.
It Is confirmed that tho French have
occupied Thann and Altklrch, a district
the enemy seems to have abandoned with
the Intention of attacking llelfort.
Alsace Reported To Bo Practically
Abandoned by Kaiser's Forces.
BASEL, Switzerland, Sept. IS.
German ganlsons are being withdrawn
from practically every town alone the
upper llhlne and rushed to tho front, ac
cording to reports received here today.
Alsace Is said to be almost clear of Ger
man tloops.
Travelcis arriving licio state thai lonB
tialns are being dispatched to tho Luxem
burg frontier and thai nil pi operations
have been made for nit orderly retreat to
tho second line of tho German defenso If
the allies roll back the Gcrmnns between
the Olse and the Mouse.
Physicians Say Financier
Will Not Live a Year and
Family Will Ask Commitment.
Meteoric Career Ended by Men
tal Breakdown Which Began
Six Years Ago and Precipi
tated His Downfall.
Reception of Protesting Delegation
Would Violate His .Neutrality Pol'cy.
WASHINGTON", Sept. IS. President
Wilson today declined to receive the Ger
man Americans from Chicago and other
points In the Middle Wat who have come
to Washington to piolest to him agalnit
cruelties on Germans by BclRluns and
Tho Piesldent made known his declina
tion to receive the delegation to Senator
Lewis, of Illinois, and promised to write
a letter to them In which he would ex
plain his position fully. It Is understood
he has insert upon all Americans, to
coma to him on behalf of any of tho
belligerents In the present war.
The spokesman of the delegation was
Hoi ace L. Brant, a newspnper publisher,
of Chicago. The President's action wan
not unexpected, since he is determined
not to lend the slightest support to any
Americans of whatever descent who take
sides in the war.
The ften Pnsten today published a
telegram rrmi Berlin, passed bv the Ger
man censor, announcing th.it at a con
ference soon m he i,rl,i m Washington a
Hasis for peace will be reached.
No Peace Overtures Will Be Con
sidered Until Then.
PBTROGRAP, Sept. 11.
"The Russian Foreign Oluce Is In full
word with tiio Governments of our
tllk-s and therefore will decline to admit
to consideration any form of uegotla.
ions, direct or otherwise, relating to
the conclusion of peace until the nest
f militarism In Get many has been ut
rly destroyed," says the Evening
Bourse Gazetto.
iiT,1. me3llS .necessarily until PriH
ernom.fi ,l. ,,lay a Predominant role
Great tUw 'crman sacs und also until
In iuii lJrUaln. nlw Franco are satiated
"Fri Kar'"'"? t,u'lr I'rsonal demands.
1.1?? ,,olnt of vlow wo 'ust
that wV ,n?? nt ld3t ' "l a"1'
ealU.1 'e .ublu t0 ""'" he complete
ttoni 1 'If "l"ow HiiMlnn as lira-
Slavdom aS KCneral nsp,raUonK
flolrtor!hL3.C!,n ''e acco"UHshed every
diplomat r "rMVM of Germany.
"e ts foredoomed to failure."
Mil.Av c... ...
Eerra ,.;,.l 'i ":7e Cnrriere Doha
Signature of King Ge.orge Places It
On Statuto Books.
LONDON, Sept. IS. King George today
signed the home rule bill, which thus
goes on the statute books as a law.
The Iilsh Homo Rule bill received Its
third passage by the House of Commons
over the veto of the House of Lords sov
eial months ago. By the "Parliament
net," which lemoved the power of veto
by the House of Lords of bills which had
hcen tin Ice passed by the Commons, it
then needed only the KlnR's signature to
become a law.
By agreement of Premier Asqulth and
the lenders of both parties It will not
become operative until after the end of
the war.
un article ravin- i,o .,...
steps lune been taken looking
It n.;,. " .MV-" "ussla au.l Austria.
ot be n,.7 . t uc" a compact wou'd
w iieatp .,,..
tn,l ,, --- uj i.UKiailll and Kmiwe ! & miij.,h. ihi
u "?l " I nrohuhlo th:i And, in i ih.inked thtni fur
d. ' 1' col"lwnsatP. with terrltorv At (lie same
fiom ,1, !'. l,"ny shouhl she retlro . Ivvlare.l.
war iiiuu ...
tii tVhl'fl'clpUhl '"' vMnitu
u A '"ff" "Ud Saturday not
i2lTU'J'' "' '""Ptrntum light to
f '' l,'-6'c niuda.
the President believes that It is a llo- The meteoric financier, who has been
latlon of the spirit of neutrality which , adjudged insane, and probably will
be removed to the Nornstown Asy
lum today.
Adolph Segal lias been pronounced In
sane by two physicians. The man whose
operations brought nbout the failure of
the Real Estata-Trust Company a dozen
years ago, the suicide of Its piesldent,
Frank K. Hippie, anil indictments against
the Sugar Trust, will be taken to the
State Hospital for tho Insane nt Norrls
town today or tomorrow to spend tho
last ears of his lite If commitment pa
pares are signed by a Judge of Common
Pleas Court. His physician says ho will
dlo within a year nnd may not live longer
than two months.
Tho end of Adolph Segal's meteoric
caieer has been ns sudden ns its start.
Ill health has crept upon him step by
slop with hi-' financial tuln. His col
lapse, financially and mentally, has been
as rapid as his rise. Adolph Segal, the
ouiir soap boiler, became Adolph Segal,
the nillllonalu, tho dailng financier who
startled the Industrial world with his
exploits. Now at the age of (il years,
when white is showing in his one-time
Klossy black hair and his fortune and
financial wizardry arc gone, even his
mind has tailed him.
Today he is Incoherently telling his at
ttndants !u the private room he has oc
cupied for months nt St. Joseph's Hos
pital that he wants to go back to his
beautiful suite at .the Majestic Hotel.
He has been told that he Is to he taken
Into the country for an nutnmobllo rido
In the hope It will benefit his health,
tut he does not want to go.
Application will lie made today or 'to
morrow by attorneys for Mrs. Sc?nl and
Hrl Segal, the son, for Adolph Segal's
adiul.'sion to tho Stnte Hospital for the
Insane. A statement to this effect was
given to thu Evening Ledger this morn
ing by Dr. Plerie N. Bergeron, of 1009
West G Irani avenue, chief of staff at
St. Joseph's Hospital. Doctor Hcrseron
nnd Dr. William II. fiunn. of v2H North
22d Rtieet, for fifteen years the Segal
family physician, certified to Adolph
Segal's insanity.
The law requires that one week before
the commitment of a patient to tho Statu
Hospital for tho Insane two piysiclans
who have been practicing rivo jenrs In
the State shall certify to Insanity, and
this formality has been complied with.
Doctor Hi rgeron said today that Mr.
Segal never will recover.
Segal has been mentally unbalanced
tor Hie last six jears, in the opinion of
Doctor llergeron, and the physician says
he billeves tho financial collapse of the
man was due to this condition. He thinks
tho symptoms of an unbalanced mind
were not suflleienth pronounced to
arouse ttie suspicions of his family.
Adolph S"g.il always wrged on the or
ratk, and when ho did what would be
called foolhardy in another man it was
looked upon only as another evidence of
Us financial genius if he won.
Tho crowning blow to Segal came last
July when lie was thrown Into bank
ruptcy and lost the Majestic Hotel, lie.
fore that he had suffered Innumerable re
veififs and had startled financiers by
some Hwlft, unthought of coup that made
him ilch again. Hut the loss of the
Majestic destroyed whatever trace of
flKhting power he may have had at that
He was first taken to St. Joseph's when
he was subpoenaed to appear at his bank
ruptcy hearing. The physicians In charge
kenwithen that he was Insane, but the
secret was well guarded and not tho
slightest inkling of it was permitted to
become known to the public. Sine that
time Sesal has been under fhe caro of
Doctor Hunn and two trained nurses in
a private room at the hospital.
"Adolph Segal will be taken to the Nor.
ristown Insane Asjlum today or tomor
iow." said Doctor Hergerou today, "He
Is hopelessly Insane. He will never be
am better. He may live a year and It
ina be but two months. His mind is
piactlcally sone. The otner day he said
to Doctoi Hunn. who has been his at
tending physician:
1 lent )ou w eaienuy and ou
promised to leiuru n 10 me loaaj
ou kio It to me nowr
Tne e bad been no e$ciange of
money It was a hallucination on Segal's
Passenger Train 13 Ditched by Run
ning Into Broken Rail.
MOMLU, Ala., Sept. t8.-Slx person
weio killed nnd 20 Injured In n wreck
ut 3 o'clock this morning on the Ala
bama Great Southern llallroad near
Livingston. Ala., wh-.n passenger train
No. 2 was ditched by running Into n
biokcti rail.
Those killed were In the flist-class
concJi. Mnny had mntvelous escapes.
Unrly icporta reaching here placed M-'
dealh toll much higher.
The War Today
Austrians, Aided by Ger
man Strategists, Rally
After Loss of PrzemysFs
Southern Defenses.
Order From Superintendent of Police
Robinson Is Now Effective.
Mo Iiir pictures which do not bear the
stamp of tho Pennsylvania Hoard of Cen
sors are not to lie shown In Philadel
phia from now on, according to an order
Issued this morning by Superintendent of
Police Ilobiuson. The step is taken fol
lowing tho decision of August (!, 1311,
by Judfie Mai tin, of Common Pleas
Court No; 5, to the effect that the Im
posing of censorship on moving pictures
is constitutional.
Tho act which provides for such censor
ship was passed in 1311 and went Into
effect on June 1, 1011, at which time Su
perintendent Hoblnson Issued an order
similar to that of today. Picture pro
ducers then appealed to the courts, claim
ing the enforcement of such an order
unconstitutional, whereupon the order
was lecalled, pending the findings of the
com t.
International Representative Urges
President Wilson to Action.
Madame Rosika B. Sehvmniei of
Iludapest, leprescntlng the International
Woman's Suffrage Alliance, this after
noon ptoposed to Piesldent WlUon that
tho I'niltHl States bead a Lommittee of
dlslntcretted neutral nations to work for
peaco In Km ope. Her proposal contem
plated the dispatch of daily offers of me
diation to tho warring nations.
Madame Schwimmer quoted Presidnnt
Wilson as replying that he was occupied
with nothing else than peaco, nnd that
her tcquest would bavo great wcloht and
luflueiur with lilm.
"He said that day and night his solo
thought wa-3 how 10 end these terrlbla
massucirs," she said. Her organizations
repicscnt fully 2,W,00l women throughout
tho world. i
Aftir receiving Mine. Schwimmer.
President Wilson glided a delegation of
the Society of Friends. Thej presented
t him a memorial appiovlm; of his ef
fotts for peace thus far and making sug
gestions fur further mertures. The
Presideni told the Friends he was in
their suggestions, and
thu3 calling on him.
lm the Friends nftei-
he held out little en-
ii.iki.0im i,l r.r IrMme.ltnt iliprci i-r
i IWIH.n'." " -. --... -.. . miv ... ...
mediation. His general attitude, they I
detland, was tint he mujt wait until the i
I tide of .itfalrs turned moio declslvel
thin at pie3ont in other words until the I
ui is iHdil uier. or until the nations
, ore Itss otlliuertni and in a more recep
tee kv od Hi Indicated he stood rcad
at an) tme to ussUt In the solution, nnd
that hf wli. spate no efforts to bring
I about peac?.
VIHNNA. by way of Home, Sept. IS.
It wai officially announced here todny
that German high officials have joined
Grand Duke Frnncl Ficdcrlck In com
mand of the combined Austrian nrmlcs,
nnd are dliecthiR a Ricat bnttle, now In
progress west of Lombeig nil olig the
line of the San River.
The Austrian nttempt to carry the forti
fied lines extending from Przemysl to
Jarosluv by stoim fulled. Tho Austrian
Hues held fast nnd the Russians were
thrown back with enormous losses. The
fighting Is now Roncrnl all along tho
line. The Austrian nrmles have combined
and are now heavily reinforced. They
are following out lines of defense deter
mined upon by the Gorman General
Staff, which has now accepted the ic
sponslbllltA of dhcctlng the campaign
In Gnllcla.
The Russians aie In great strength, but
they aio now facing the first real de
fensive stand by the Austrians. Hcrcto
foie the Austrians havo hcen fighting In
the open country, where the superolrlty
of the Russian aitlllery has placed them
at a mateilal disadvantage. The defense
was nlo weakened by the invnslon of
Russian Poland, which drew fiom GYilicl.a
tioops that were badly needed theie.
This has been remfdled. Not only aie
the Austrian armies united, but they have
boon reinforced by flist-line German
artillery, and it is believed they will now
be able to check the Russian invasion.
Tho German reinforcements tne con
stantly arriving. .Meanwhile, it will bo
the object of the Austrians to hurrahs
the Russians nnd prevent them concen
tiating their enormous armies until tho
coinblnea Austro-Gcrmanlc line is strong
enough to withstand the shock of a gen
eral assault.
Russian tioops have captured Kr.isiezyn,
tne chief defense of Przemysl op tho
southwest, anil the fall of th Austrian
stronghold is Imminent, according to
latest reports from tho front.
Hoth sides of tho River San at
Kraslszyn arc- strongly fortified, but the
redoubts were taken by nssuult after
a battle of ten hours.
Samboi, W miles southeast of Pizcmysl,
has also been occupied. It Is reported
that the greater part of the ttoop3 ut
Przemysl hae retreated toward Cracow,
only n small garrison being left to cover
the. retreat and prevent the Russians
fiom pressing too closel upon the rear.
Hefore i caching Krasiezju, Ueueinl
Ruzsky's tioops defeated n largo forte of
Austrians at Jaw row. The Sixth nnd
Fourteen Au&trlun .irm.v corps', com
manded respectively by General Zlegler
and General Hoioevlc. suffered lieuty
losses before they retreated. The Rus
sians took ."Oil prisoners. 03 gunn and
laigo quantities of arms and ammunition.
The appearance of General Hlegler's
forces In the battle line shows that tho
Austriuii3 have rushed to the front troips
designated for the defense of Vienna.
General Hlcgler. who i3 one of the chif
strategists of thu Austro-Hunenrlan
ann, is reported to hao been wounded.
The Russian armies led by Generals
Rusky und HrusllofV are todn.v making a
determined assault on the Austrian centre
which holds the line from Jaioslav to
Przemysl. The chief points of attack aie
tho other forts at Przemysl, which com
mand the San Ulver. Tho Russlnns are
admitted by Vienna to have occupied part
of the Przemysl defenses to the south
of tho town, tiut so far they haye been
unable to make any Impression on tho
main defenses.
The fighting continues everywhere with
unabated ferocity, but the Vienna War
Olllce specifically denies that at any
point havo the Austilan forces been
routed. The united nunles of Dankl and
Auffenberg command the railway lines
leading to Cracow, so that If the exigen
cies of the situation should demand, they
can withdraw in pooci order on the
fortress at Cracow
Terrific fighting continues nlotiR the
Alsne Ulver, the nlllea nttnckiiur the
German defenses. Lcjshch arc re
ported as stupendous, tho nllles ad
mitting tho slaughter of vnst num
bers. French Wnr Office announces Hint the
allies' forces aro "iiroRressliiff slowly"
and that the llritish have repulsed
the German counter-attacks.
German Wnr Office statements declare
that the Germans aro "advancltiR
slowly but surely Into Krnncc," nid
that the allies' attack Is fulling. Uoth
ofllccs, however, nprree that thu
KlRantlc 'struggle thus far hua been
of no decisive advantage to either.
British War Offlce reports admit tho
allies havo boon unable to break
through the Gorman lines, but claim
successes against tho German right
wing under General von Kluk.
Belgian forces engaged battle with
the Germans who attacked n bridge
near Tcrmonde. It Is reported tho
Dclglans, aided by 13rltlsh forces,
have annihilated a detachment of
Uhlans near the French border,
Vienna admits that Russian troops
have captured Kraslezyn, the chief
southern defense of I'n-.emysl, which
yesterday was reported invested on
three sides. The occupation of this
strongly fortified position Is immi
nent. Tho Austrians, according to
one report, have withdrawn toward
Cracow, leaving only a small garri
son to hold Przemysl.
Tho Austrian War Oltlcc discounts tho
Importance of tho capture of Kra
slezyn nnd reports that the united
nrmlcs of Generals Dankl and Auf
fenberg command the line between
Przemysl and Cracow. It also states
that action is still vigorous along
tho Sau, though the Russians out
number the Austrians 3 to 1.
General Zleglcr is reported wounaod In
the operations near thu Ulver Sau.
The presence of his corps In this con
flict Indicates that some of tho
Vienna garrison has been withdrawn
to reinforce the army In Gallcla.
The Servians have abandoned Semlln
(the town across the Danube from
Belgrade), which they stormed a few
days ago. The Servian plan of cam
paign has been changed and Bosnia
made the objective instead of Sla
vonla. Austrian forces aro reported
as crumpling before the assaults of
the Servian-Montenegrin coalition.
German war ofllce Issued a statement
declaring thaf the Kaiser's lino along
thu Aisne had been under terrific
assault, but had stood firm. Heavy
losses were admitted, but attacks by
the allies were declared to have been
repulsed all along the bnttle front,
Italy's entrance Into the war Is ex
pected hourly. It is reported a mes
senger from the Kaiser was refused
audience with King Victor Kmm.an
uel nnd that this was the final dip-
lomntlf move by the German Gov
ernment. Emperor AVllllnm Is said
to have termed Italy's attitude as
King George, in his speech proroguing
Parliament, which was not delivered
in person, declares the allies aro
fighting for n worthy cause and can
not lay down their arms until thnt
cause Is achieved.
Washington officials wero encouraged
for tho success of President Wilson's
plans of mediation by tho reply front
Germany through Ambassador Ger
ard. Germany's attitude was re
garded as receptive, refusing, how.
over, to Initiate peace proposals.
British Compel Von Kluk's Army to
Slowly Give Ground French Attacks
Along Entire Line Are Repulsed With
Terrific Losses.
Berlin Reports Forward Movement of
Allies Has Been Checked and Raiser's
Armies Are Advancing Again Both
Sides Admit Losses Are Terrific.
Fire in Small Library Destroys Rare
Books Damage $3000.
XUW YtlRK. Sept. IS -1'malens art
works valu.d at mine than Jl.HWiO wero
threatened with destruction shortly af
ter midnight, when tire was discovered in
a small library on the ."7th street sldo of
J P. Moigan's residence at Madison ave
nue. Quick woik by a policeman sot the
firemen on th scene lfore the flame!
had gained much headway The damage
was 13'xi. All the valuable tapestries
which had hung In tho fire-searred room
were remowd several weeks ago, when
painters came to redecorate the place.
-Many rare books wcio destroyed, sevtr.il
of which had been collected by Mr. Mor
gan's father.
A Reutcr dispatch from Petrograd says
a report from the fiont declares that Ger
man troops destrojed a hospital at
Janow, Gallcla. filled with Austrian
wounded In the belief the patients were
Concluded on Fax 1
VKRA tjtrz. Sept. lS.-Fcarlng for the
safety of their lives after the American
troops are withdrawn from this port.
Frederlco Gamboa, once Foreign Mln
ister; Knrlque Creel, formerly Mexican
Ambassador at Washington, and several
other former official, locethrr .iih
Will I dozens of other men once high In public
auaira oi .Mexico, are preparing to flee
on the first ship leaving here Th be
ileve thsy will be subjected to arrest
or Indignities as soon as the Americans
are ciabarktd or the United states.
Official Statement From Bordeaux
Confirms Reports.
The French War Office announced 0tll
clally today th.-jt Thann and Altklrch.
Alsacs. had been taken by French troops,
confirming the news which was cabled
from Paris several days ago
In view of the statements circulated
in the United States that Australian, New
Zealand and Indian troops have been
passing through Canada In enormous
numbers, inteiferins with oidlnar pas
senger traffic. G M Bosworth. ic-e pres
ident of the 'anadl.wi Pacific Raild
stated It was absolute' untrue that any
troops irorn, tne eoWmes named
PARIS. Sept. IS.
Ofllclul announcement was made here
at 3 o'clock this afternoon that the left
wing of the allies Is making slow
progress at certain points, nnd that
counter attacks by the Gormuns
against the English army have been
icpulsed. The statement says, how
over, thut there has been nol mportant
change In the situation.
The official statement follows:
The battle has continued along
the whole front from the Oise to tho
region of Woevre during the entire
day of the nth without Important
changes In the situation at any
On our left wing on the heights
nt the north of the Alsne we have
made slow progress at certain .
"Three attempts by the Germans
to take ' the offensive against the
English army have met with de
cisive checks from Cnronnp.
"At Hhelms we have also re
pulsed with great vigor three
violent counter attacks made at
night. The enemy has vainly tried
to take the offensive against
"At the centre, from Rheims to
the Argonne. the enemy has
strengthened its position yvlth im
portant fortified works, and has
adopted a purely defensive attitude.
"On the east, from Argonne to
the Woevre region, the situation Is
"On our right wing (Lorraine and
the Vosges) the enemy occupies
positions organized for defense In
the vicinity of the frontier."
The attempts of the Germans to take
the offensive near Craonne were evi
dently .intended to fcjrcc back the allies
that had succeeded in crossing to the
north side of Alsne.
(Craonne lies about 21' miles north
west of Rheims nnd 21 miles from Sois
sons on tho north bank of tho Aisne.
To the northeast of Sraonne lies thf
famous Soissonne drill ground, used
by the French at my, where big sham
battles havo been fought in the past.)
Tho Germans havo mounted search
lights along tho bluffs overlooking tho
Aisne and the river is swept at night
to prevent nny surprise movement.
The fighting is especially desperate
on the left, where the joint armies of
Generals von Kluk and on Buclovv
havo been compelled V extend their
extreme right In order to meet a flank
ing movement in force. No news of
tho outcome nt thnt point Is a& yet
available, but the military experts be
lieve thnt the most .significant dovelop.
meats must soon be reported there.
Tho French and British artillery has
failed to dislodge the invaders from
their strongly entrenched positions on
tho heights along the Aisne anil north
of Rheims. Hut on tho other hand, the
vigor of the allies' assaults has com
pelled tho invaders to remain upon tho
defensive. "
General Uallieni, tho French rhllltary
governor, believes that tho battle will
continue for some days yet upon tho
present field, but he feels assured that
the Germans will bo dislodged when
the British and French secure rein
forcements of heavy artillery along the
"The Hermans aro far from their
ammunition depots nnd they are com
peiied to Keep up n constant bombard'
ment," said General Hallleni. "The nl
lles can afford t wait and to refresh
their troops before making a grand as
sault all along the lino. At the present
timo the coniltct seems to be llttlo mure
than an artillery duel, hut I looH for
a decisive turn when our hpavy bat
teries at the front are reinf-jreed The
sure against the battered right flank
of tho German army under the sturdy
General von Kluk. it is reported that
the French endeavored to seize sev
eral hills around Solssons which would
command the heights held by Herman
batteries In that region, and the move
ment Is believed to bo proceeding even
The British troops have been inspired
by an address delivered by General
French. The British Field .Marshal
rode in front of his troops and deliv
ered a stirring nppeal to them, mod
eled somewhat after the nature of Na
poleon's electrifying proclamations.
Words from this silent general had
double effect. The troops stood at at
tention, and when tho general had
ceased the soldiers broke Into cheers
The Herman lines at Varennes havo
been moved northward into another
position It Is not believed, however,
that tho evacuation of the position for
merly held in that district means that
tho German left has begun to give way
The towns of Ferrotto, Moosoh and
Himlngen are also reported to have
been abandoned by the German left
The Hermans are believed to be hom
bardlng both Thann and Belfort, tha
former in Allace and the latter in
The Germans are fortifying Muei
hausen again.
Along; the northwestern end of tho
battle lino, discomfort has been caused
troops on both sides by cold weather
Which has followed the rains Tlia
nights are especially chilly and tha
soldiers are compelled to sleep on tarn
soaked ground under conditions, which
threaten pneumonia or severe influenza.
Germans now hold strong positions, but
1 think they will not be able to main
tain them."
It Is estimated thut at least L',700,000
men are engaged along the mighty bat
tle front from Xoyon to Etaln and
Thiaucourt, cast of the Mouse. So far,
however, there has been but little work
for the Infantry and cavalry, the Issue
being waged with heavy artillery.
While tho British and French aro
thus engaged along their left wing
and upon the centre, the troops on the
right wing, from Sulppes eastward
across tho Meuse, are exerting tre
mendous pressure against the armies
of tho German Crown Prince and
Crown Prince Uupprecht of Bavaria.
The Gcrmr.ns have showed their
teeth in several counter attacks, all of
which the French War Ofllce claims
were repulsed.
The Third BritiMi Army Corps, under
Major General W. V. Pulteney. sta
tioned east of Solssons, has suffered
some through the inability of the Eng
lish artillerymen to locate hidden Ger
man batteries immediately ufter tak
ing up their position. They are sup
ported by heavy bpdles ofVar '
troops upon their left.
The Second British Army Corps,
under General Sir Horace Smith-Dor-rien,
took up Its position on the south
bank of the Aisne. east of the French
troops supporting the right wing of tho
Third British Army Corps.
The First British Army Corps took
up a position still further to the east,
north of tho River Vehle. This corps
is commanded by Lieutenant General
Sir Douglas Halg. who has done such
gallant service since the battle at
The British and their French sup
poi ts have been exerting strong pres-
BERLIN. Sept IS hi the bttle which is still
"fflcial announcement was made at I France
iruop irm vne ioiome named nave , .,,, ,,- ,,,.. ... .. . ,
passed through Canada In connection with -..- ., .ai ule uerman "The battle between the
the present war, trmy is adanclnsr slowlv hut -,,k. h. xt .,.,
" - w ara r liiu uc UJC a LI II 11 III! lllll MM
raging Jn
oisee and
There ara

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