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VOXi. 1-KO. 0
PHILADELPHIA, SATUKDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1914.
PRICE ONE OHtfT
RAILROADS WIN PLEA
FOR A REHEARING IN
FREIGHT RATE CASE
Interstate Commerce Com
mission Fixes October 19
as Date for Presentation of
New Evidence .
WASHINGTON', Sept. 19.-The Inter
stale Commerce Commission today grant
id the application of EaBtcrn railroads
for a reopening of the ftvo per cent,
freight mle Increase case.
Hearings, to begin October 19, the com
trillion said, would be confined exclusively
to Information and ovldence arising since
the recent decision granting only partial
Meanwhile the rate orders of the recent
decision will remain In effect.
In October, 1513, the Eastern roads filed
tariffs, at an expense of nbout 11,600,000,
providing Increases In freight rates esti
mated to average 5 per cent., which com
puted on tho gross revenues of tho car
riers Involved of $1,000,000,000 a year,
would mean additional net revenue to
them of nbout $50,000,000. Under date of
July ?J last, tho decision refused any In
crcii&o In rates, except on a restricted
tonnage on roads In the Central Freight
Territory end then only In the rates as
applying within that territory.
Since the closing of tho former case
another fiscal year has been. completed
In which gross revenues declined $41,
700,000, compared with results in the year
ended June 30, 1913, nnd net operntlng
revenue In thu aggregate for the roads
concerned dropped $73,000,000.
Hence on the volume of business in
the 1911 year tho yield of an average
8 per cent, advance would be $2,233,000
less than the $50,000,000 originally pro
posed, and furthermore tho advance in
operating expenses and taxes since tho
former petition, coupled with tho loss in
gioss. would swallow up an average 5
per cent, advance nt this time and still
leae net operating income over $25,
OOO.liuO smaller than in the 1913 fiscal
In July of this year grosls revenues con
tinued their downward tendency, but the
progress of cutting operntlng expenses
to the bone had begun to show its effects
and the losses in net revenuo were mini
mized Then came the un'tscttlement to
traflle and especially to cicdlt as a result
of tho European wnr. Gross revenues In
August declined more sharply than In
July, nnd the effect on net Is more damag
ing, accoidlng to early Indications. Even
more Important is the tilslocatloiV-of
ciedlt at il time when railroad maturities
are heavy, amounting to a half a billion
dollars In the coming year, nnd when the
railroads are In the weakened earnings
Such arc the changed circumstances
which have manifested themselves since
the closing of the advance ratS case, the
decision of which wnta handed down on
The fivnrablc notion of the commission
toda. generally predicted, followed the
appeal of railroad presidents to President
Wilson to present to the country the rail
roads' llnanclal situation because of the
Reopening of tho case affects 133 rail
roads in nil States cast of Illinois nnd
generally north of tho Ohio river.
That the hearing will bo extremely
brief and that n decision will be forth
coming by Xovembor Is generally be-
FIRES AND LOSSES IN CITY
SHOW ENORMOUS INCREASE
Property Damage Bounds $321,082
During First Six Months.
Coincident with the report of the
National Boatd of Fire Underwriters, It
became known this afternoon thai there
has been a tremendous Increase In Phila
delphia In fires and fire tosses during this
yenr. The losses have been exceedingly
heavy, there being a substantial Increase
over the corresponding period of last
Charles B. Mill, secrotnry of the Fire
Insurance Patrol, 429 Walnut street, re
ported this morning Hint for tho first
llvo months of this yenr there hnd been
an Increase of $321,032 los3 tesultlng
from fires over the same period In 1913.
Tho estimated total loss for the first live
months or this year had been $1,253.5)';,
as compared with a total loss of $932,171
Tho number of flies has also greatly
Increased, During the first six months of
this yenr there have been 218 more' than
tho corresponding period In last year. Tho
total number of fires for the first six
months of this yenr Is 2187. There have been
329 more alarms rung In during the first
six months of 1914 than In that period
In 1913, The total number of alarms for
that time this year Is 2542.
FOR STATE'S HONOR
ON HISTORIC SOIL
Pays Glowing and Eloquent
Tribute to Pennsylvania in
Address at Paoli Memorial
The text of the order of the commission
"t'pon consideration of a petition by
respondents for modification of orders
heretofore entered and good cause ap
"It Is ordered that further hearing In
said cases be. and is hereby, grnnted;
raid hearing to be limited to presenta
tion of facts disclosed und occurrences
originating subsequently to the dato
upon which the records previously made
In these cases were closed.
"It Is further- ordoied that pending
uch hearing and further order of tho
commission In the cases, tho commis
sion's report, finding.! and orders here
tofore entered therein shall temain in
full force and effect.
"It Is further ordered that this pro
ceeding be assigned for hearing at tho
office of the commission in Washington
on the 13th day of October, 1911, at 10
o'clock a. m.
"ft Is further order that a copy of this
order bo served upon each of the parties
to the lases."
KING ALBERT AGAIN HEADS
BELGIAN TROOPS IN BATTLE
Succeeds in Driving German Troops
... ANTWERP. Sept. 19.
me Belgian army again was led Into
ermonde by King Albert today. Fight,
log there continued until last night, but
nnaiiy the last Germans were driven out.
According to inports received here to-
j"y by wounded Belgian soldiers the
tftcatei part of Termonde was burned by
'"' Octmins befoiH they withdrew.
our troops behaved plucklly when
ne were surprised on AVedncsday."
'?'? ne of th soldlert. On Wednesday
Hi, i. ' 'Jel'ns. keeping vigil on thn
rank of (he ilvcr, could hear the mutlc
'e cavalry bands, songs and laughter
comins. from U)e tQWn
A refugee from Termonde declares that
,,ei"an, soIlllers Bothered In the open
bu"n I U' Towtl HaU " "
BOO Priests and Nuns to Get Relief
0tfH "NOTON-. Sept. 13.-AS a result
of Sn ,??!";' of destitution and danger
of oiio rathollc pj tests and nuns In Mex-
to orniw A,lml,lls,ratlou toua' Planned
!?.... mean3 for removing them
U om Mexico.
Por Philadelphia and vicinity Gen
trolly fair tonight and Sunday; not
nueh change in temperature; mod
"ate winds, mostly northeast.
Highest yesterday 8S; time, 3 p. nt.
Lowest last night-C7; time 6 a. m.
"r detal?t see last page.
Dr. Martin G. Brumbaugh. Republican
nomlnoe for Governor, pleaded for fewer
laws nnd for a strong citizenry nt tho
137th anniversary exercises of the Pnoli
massacre, held on the battlefield at Mal
vern Station this afternoon. Tho exer
cises were held under the auspices of
tho Pnoll Memorial Association In front
of tho monument erected many years ago
over the burlnl place of the victims of
the midnight nssault on the troops or
General Anthony Wayne during the Revo
"One of the greatest gifts a human
being can receive is the gift of citizenship
In this great American Republic," said
Doctor Brumbaugh. "In no place, In any
tlmo or cllmo, has the world witnessed the
supremo spirit of democracy as it is to
bo seen here In tho United States In this
beloved Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
"The political struggle of the. centuries
has been to widen the circle of the com
mon citizenry. On this spot men heroic
ally gave their all that a universal de
mocracy with a quality of civic rights
for all should be the heritage of unborn
"Countries, like Individuals, can pros
per only as they give gloriously their
best gifts to those who need them. It
Is because our forefathers gave so
splendidly that we have prospered so
phenomenally. It Is JuBt as necessary
today that men should glvo their lives
In service for tho nation as It ever was.
The man who loves his country honors
It by living under Its laws, a decent,
orderly. Industrial life. If any are to
be denied a pnrt In our civic proceduro
let It be the lazy, the willingly Idle and
the criminal. These are unpatriotic.
They arc not real American citizens.
"Tho first test of a good citizen la
that he obeys the laws, not through
fear but through sincere love for the
country whose Inws he obeys. This love
must be an Intelligent lovru It must bo
based on a thorough knowledge of the
great sacrifices of the past.
BEST CITIZENS NEED FEWEST
"Wo ore always In danger of thinking
our civic ills arn cured by legislative en
actments. The best citizens need fewest
laws. They know how to npply the gol
den rule In their dally conduct, nnd care
llttlo for the restrictive issues of public
assemblies. The weak citizen Is always
clamoring for much statutory support.
The strong citizen could cheerfully forego
much of tho agitation for new laws and
glvo himself gladly and heartily to con
duct of such a patriotic and noble char
acter as to win the respect and support
of his fellows.
"A few laws honestly nnd impattlally
applied will make for tho progress of u
people. A'ngue, Intemperate, propulsive
and ladlcnl enactments lead inevitably to
confusion, distrust nnd disaster. There
should be stability in ordered procedure
Just as surely as In Individual conduct.
Leglslatuies should, like Individuals, bo
sure they ure right before they go ahead.
"I um pleading for that type of man
who has respect for social and civ ic or
der, who has the courage to doubt wisely
befoio acting, and who, when the right
thing Is clearly vlsloned, will devote his
energies, his fortune, his lite, his sacred
honor to Its accomplishment. When
would-be leaders cry Lo here' or T.o
there." he vi 111 say 'Prove all things, hold
last that which is good.'
PENNSYLVANIA'S GREAT HISTORY.
"There Is another matter that I wlbh to
present for a minute. When I taught
school In Pennsylvania years ugo I be
gan to learn the lesson that there was
u great deal of New England und Vir
ginia history In our schools, and very
little Pennsylvania history, because those
who had written the text books of our
public schools the books jou studied und
1 studied were men who knew the New
England history und the Viiglnla history,
but they did not know the story of Penn
sylvania. We have not taught It to our
children us we should.
"Gradually there has to come into the
conscience of the people of this great
Commonwealth the fuct that hen in
Pennsylvania we have a history of the
founding of a colony and the develop
ment of a Commonwealth si stoiy of
splendid service by men and women,
that is us line and splendid as any people
In the world have written Into the an
nate of time, and today. In this political
campaign. I rejoice that I am a Penn
sylvania bo. und that ou ure citizens
uf this great State that we all ought to
"The moral of that Is allow no mau
to speuk III of your family, your home,
your church, your town, your country,
your Commonwealth. These ought to bo
tho sacred thing for which yon stand
DON'T DARE TRY HOSE
FOR FEAR OF A FIRE,
Forty Per Cent. Would Burst
Under Test and City May
Need All Its Apparatus in
Hear of a fire In Philadelphia llko
that which devastated Baltimore some
years ago has decided Director of Pub
lic Safety George D. Porter not to or
der n test of nil lire hose, as suggested
by the National Board of i?lre Under
writers, according to a stntement he
gave to tho Evemino LEoaEn this after
"The 40 per cent, of our hose referred
to by the board would burst If we
tested It," said Director -Porter. "We
would rather have It burst nt a fire
nnd have some use of It than destroy
It In tests nnd then wnlt until City
Councils makes up Its mind to glvo us
money for now hose."
Tho director read the story In the
Evbnino LEDann onecd on tho report of
tho underwriters and then declared:
"This story backs me up In my con
troversy with Chairman Connelly of the
Councllmanlc Finance Committee. I my
self asked the Nutlonal Board of Flro
Underwriters to come here or send a man
to examine the hose, every bit of ap
paratus and every Are department build
ing In tho city.
"Wo don't dnro test the hose. The 40
per cent, would burst under test and
we couldn't get any more right away.
We might need It all at once. The reaBon
we don't dnre test it is because wo might
have another Baltimore flro here wlth-
""iJJ1' Evcn tho rotcn hose is needed."
Tho Board of Flro Underwriters recent
ly completed Its examination In thlts city,
mude at the Invitation of Drector Porter.
It declared that tho frequent bursting of
hose at fires was due to lack of proper
test by the fire department, and pointed
the hose In
years old and
FIFTY-TWO LIVES LOST
WHEN SHIP FOUNDERS
Auxiliary Schooner Francis H. Ieg
gett Sunk In Gale.
PORTLAND, Ore., Sept. 19.-A wireless
repoit was r.eived here , today, sup
posedly from n Japanese cruiser, saying
that the steam auxiliary schooner Fran
cis Mi Leggett, with her crew of 15 men
nnd 37 passengers, foundered In a gsle
nt 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon CO miles
BoUth of the Columbia River. All on
bonrd are reported to have perished.
The messnge was received by the Port
land Port Commission. No confirmation
of the list has reached here.
The !.eggctt Is a thrc e-mastcd Bchooner
of WHS tons gloss registry and has n
capacity of 1 fioo.OOU feet of lumber. She
Is owned or chartered by the Charles
R. McCormlck Company, of Sun Francisco,
COUNCILS FOR GRANT
TO NEW CITY COURT
GERMAN ARMY CRASHES
THROUGH ALLIES' LINES
AND SEIZES BEAUMONT
The War Today
out that forty percent of
use is more than five
should be replaced.
It will bo necessary for the department
In this city to purchase nt least 18,000
or :o,000 feet of hose annually to replace
discarded sections, In the opinion of tho
A revival of tho proposed separate
water main for fire nnd commercial pur
poses in the Industrial district of Cam
den is expected as the result of the criti
cism by the board of the department
there .where it has Just nntshed nn Inves
tigation. Denial was made today by Councilman
Harry T. Head, chairman of the Fire
Committee, that politics lias anything to
..... ,... .., j ul0 oainaen'oenart
mont. "For several years," he sald'--'w'0
have been expending large sums in
meeting the demands of the under
writers nnd it Is generally accepted thnt
our department is up to the standard in
every respect. As to politics having
anything to do with the department. It
Is positively not- so."
Mr. Read was rather Indignant at tho
criticism of the underwriters, because,
ho said, when they wero In Cnmdcn
they congratulated him on the condition
or the department and made objections
to but two or three companies.
In discussing tho conflagration hazard
"i.,1 Cn" the "nderwrltcrs' report says:
....- ,i,-..iv tmiiciurai conditions, com
bined with the narrow streets, numerous
overhead wire obstructions nnd Inade
quate fire-fighting facilities, would nor-
mii create a severe conflagration
hazard; however, ns congestion Is lack
ing, private protection Is provided where
most needed nnd powerful outsldp aid is
available within n short time, the re
sulting conflagration hazard as a whole
Is low. Owing to weak construction and
somewhat inadequate flre-flghtlng facil
ities soveie Individual and group fires are
piobable. The hnzaid In the iesltlcntl.il
districts is slight."
Tho board calls attention to the practice
of Camden politicians dominating ap
pointments and promotions In the depart
ment. This system It condemns. It
points out also that there is lack of
pioper training among the (lie crews
nnd that the engines are not well cared
for. The lite nlatm system i n poor
shape, according to tho board's report,
and the building inspections being made
in Camden are of little value.
Report of tho board on Camden's
water supply, fire department and fire
alarm system follows:
Allotment of $400,000 for
Buildings for Juvenile and
Branches as Extravagant.
Mayor Blankcnburg sharply criti
cised Councils In nn Interview today
for their "extravagance" In nllotlng
(100,000 of the proposed loan to build
a courthouse for the Juvenile and Do
mestic Relations Divisions of tho Mu
nicipal Court and for passlng'ovcr his
veto an ordlnnnce condemning property
nt 21st nnd Race strets ns n site far
the building. He urged that If such a
building is erected it bo located on tho
property adjoining the present House
of Detention, bo as to keep these
Tho Mayor was In fine spirits nnd ap
parently In good henlth. He said:
"I think the Municipal Court Is en
tirely too young to go Into such ex
travagance. We want to find out what
the Court Is like and see whnt It can
do, nnd thon make some genernl com
prehensive plan for providing It with
"It seems to me absurd, In fact a
little cheeky, especially after the cx
travngnnt extremes they went to In
appointment of tipstaves In that mat
tor they flouted public opinion. I don't
know that the Municipal Court Is en
titled to any better quarters than the
Common Pleas, Quarter Sessions and
other courts. You know what poorly
ventilated, congested nnd dark condi
tions some of thoHo courts are in.
"The House or Detention was built In
390G and 1D07. There seemed at that time
ample room, in fact, more- thnn was
needed. I was County Commissioner at
that time, nnd had charge of erection of
PRESENT QUARTERS AMPLE.
"Philip 1 1. Johnson wns the architect
and his plans were accepted with slight
modification. When it was dedicated,
Mayor Reyburn made nn address and
persons were present from Chicago, Bos
ton, New York and other places, and they
said there wns nothing like It In this
"All of a sudden It Is Inadequate, ir It
Is Inadequate we should build alongside
of It for tho Juvenile nnd Domestic Rela
tions divisions. I believe In keeping these
quarters together. The House of Deten
tion, nt 213.1 to 2111 Arch street, occupies
a lot DO by 10J feet. Adlolnlng Is an 1S-
foot street, called Bcechwood. The next
five piopertles are assessed nt $.17,100. in
the following order: 2121, $8000; 212.1. $7200:
21-5. J'200; 2127. ?7200; 2129, J7B00. A building
could be erected there nt a cosil of $100.
C00, The acquisition of these properties
would give us double the space we now
German forces, along the Hlver Alsne,
continuing the gigantic seven days'
battle, crushed through the allies'
lines nnd captured the town of
Beaumont, according to Berlin ad
vices. In the seizure 2500 French sol
diers wore taken prisoners. It wan
slated also, unofllclally, that Rhcims
was being1 bombarded and part of
the town was in flames, The Teuton
forces concentrated their attack on
the allies' centre to relieve the se
vere pressure on the army of General
von Kluk on the German right wing.
Losses of approximately 150,000 arc es
timated In tho seven days' fighting.
It Is said the allies have suffered tho
heaviest cnsualtlcs In attempting to
storm th Teutons' fortified position?.
Night attacks have characterized tho
fearful onslaughts against the allies,
the Germans using searchlights to
guide their movements.
In East Prussia's campaign Berlin re
ports the advance of General von
Hlndenburg's army from Lyck to
invade Russian Poland, with Osowlec,
a strongly fortified strategic point,
ns the immediate and "Warsaw as the
ultimata objective. Success in this
campaign will mean German aid for
the Austrlans In Gallcia.
Vienna "War Office states that Austrian
armies have concentrated on a line
connecting Cracow, Tarnow and
Przemysl. L'nder the strategic direc
tion of the (ferman-General StalT,
and with German reinforcements,
they will resist the advance of tho
Russians, who have reported winning
constantly In the region between "ie
San and the Vistula. Vienna char
acterizes ns exaggerated the reports
of decisive Russian successes in this
vicinity, but admits an attack against
Przemysl is expected momentarily.
Further claim is made that the de
cisive battle In Gallcia has not yet
French "War Office announces satisfac
tion with the progress of the allied
troops and officially reports the rout
of the determined German night as
sault by English forces.
Fierce Onslaught by Teutons in Mam
moth Array Opens Seventh Day of
Combat Determined Assault Made
to Force Back Advancing British.
Storming Force Takes 2500 French
Prisoners, According to Reports.
Rheims Said to Be Burning as Result
of Terrific Bombardment.
PARIS, Sept. 19.
German forces today broke through
the 120-mlle battle line, along which
3,000,000 arc in death grapple, according
to news received here. They captured
Beaumont with 2500 French prisoners.
It is unofficially reported that Rheims
Is undergoing terrific bombardment,
with the city burning In various sec
tions. The Thirteenth, Fourth and parts
of several other German corps have
conducted a successful operation south
of Xoyon, it is stated. .
contrary to tne reported reverses
along the allies' centre, it Is officially
announced that the allies' left wing is
making progress and that the German
Crown Prince's army continues its re
treat. Unofficial, but apparently reliable, re
ports received here today say that the
Germans have taken up a position near
the Sulppc River, east by northeast
from Rheims, and are bombarding that
Several sections of Rheims are re
ported to have been set on fire from
bursting shells, which were directed
against the French troops In that city.
Unofficial estimates place the Ger
man losses at 100,000 men, and tho
allies at halt that number a total of
150,000 In killed, wounded and missing.
The fighting on the left, where com-
The "War Office adds: "On the left In j bined an lies of Generate von Kluk
tho valley of the Oisc wc occupy ' and von Buelow are massed, increases
Menarque Eglise, Cnrlecont and Cuts. In Intensity, but tho allied lines are
To the north of the River Alsne we slowly being pushed forward, accord-
Slinnll Plimnlnr .nnlnm.n. .....
umclent. en conslfjorlna: email reserve
station. Fnrra malm, n,l,.i,ta .?.........
pr slight alue. Consumption moderately
hlKh. Pressures low. .Main arteries ami
secondary feeders of kooiI size Hnd nell ar
ranged In most sections. Minor dlstrlhu
tern ftenerally well srMlroned: conildcralila
.1 and 4-Inch pipe, but being replaced. Did
pipes apparently In poor condition Inter
nally. (Sate wihes generally well spaced
and In good condition. Iljdrants falrlv
ell spaced, mainly of satisfactory size
and In Rood condition.
Fire Department Full paid, under su.
perytilnn of Council commit lee. chief ex
perienced. Onlv fair financial support An.
pn ntmenls imi promotions subject to po
litical Intluenres. Comranlei sllchtlv un
dermined and strength not well main
tained. Distribution of compitiles nialnlv
good. Total enslne capacity sIlKhtlv Inad
equate; ennlnes not well cared for and
crewsi poorly trained. Apparatus, except
inn oldtr trucks. In ko.bI londltton. .Minor
equipment and nprllances for handling
largo streams deficient. A aood supply of
suitable engine fuel. Ample hose supply
rut not regular! tested. Ilrsponse to Unx
alarms (rood, except In Hast Camden: too
f'w enzlnes on telephone and second
alarms. Discipline fair, drills and train.
Inn lacking-. Fire methods fair. Iluirdlni
Inspections of little nlue
Fire Alarm rlyslem. l'nder supenlsinn
of the electric H bureau. Automatic a
tern. Insecurely housed. Apparatus at head
quarters fairly complete lth allowame
for gronth. Wiring nt headquarters and
houses good to ery poor Batteries und
iharglng circuits malnl) satisfactory
Ifoxes mainly of uond tne hut not nmn
erly conspicuous nt night distribution
mainly good Kxtensliu additions to un
derground sstem In recent icrs. over
biad nlres part hare and ptit Insulated;
some on poles with high and Ion uitn
tul light und pnner nlret. Duplicate
aiarms circuits to lire stations. Telephone
slem adequate. Tests frequent. In
lomplete records of tests and trouble.
Complete maps and records of circuits pro
ldfd. The N'ational Board of Fire I'ndci
wrlters has been making similar luvib
tlgations in all parts of the country In
an elfort to cut down tire losses.
Concluded m !' t
CARNEGIE SAILS FOU NEW YORK
Six Steamships With 6000 Americans
Leave British Isles in Day.
LONDON, Sept U.-Andrew Carnegie
sailed lor New York today. Six steam
frh!p with 6000 Americans left the British
Isles today for the United States. This
makes the total of American departures
during the week 15,000, and since August I,
WOULD KKKP nUA.VCHUS
"I entirely ngrce w Ith resident Mc
Ctirdy, of Common Council, that If any
additional buildings are elected, that Is
where they should be located. That
would keep these branches together with
out great expense. The House of De
tention wa built for $163,000 out of an
appropriation of $200,000. We tiled to
turn J35.O0O back Into the city tiwisiirv.
The coulpment wo provided nt the House
of Detention was without a blemish,
NEED LESS EXTRAVAGANCE.
"Now, what is the use of Imposing an
extravoganco of this kind upon the city?
This must have been a sudden Inspha
tlon. All of a sudden we find the present
(Hiarters ate inadequate. Some Inspira
tions lie sleeping a long time. Let ua
have a compiehenslve plan about this
whole ptoject The Juvenile ami Domestic
Relations divisions want a $100,000 court
house for themselves, but wo want to
know what thev will do.
"The Municipal Cotnt hus not made
a good stait In public opinion. It must
mnko good llrst. It asks for thU amount
of money now, but nobody knows where
It will end.
"How manv jrais have wo been wait
ing in West Philadelphia and in Tories
tlalo to get some improvements for the
city's poor, sick and Insane? Now these
people come along nnd want to gobble
even thing In sight. It is. not fulr or
CLERK A POOR READKR.
The otdinance culling for the condem
nation of the ptoperty at 21st and Race
streets was passed by Common Council
over his veto, said the Mayor and Clerk
of the Council read his veto message so
Indistinctly that ope cif the Mayor's
frleiulb could not understand the read
liic "I vetoed seven or eight bills last
Thursday." lie bald, "und oply one vjs
pasted in Common Council aver mi- vei,
That was done under a mlsapptetieuon
and because the gentleman who leads my '
messages before Hie Councils mumbles '
tnrougn tnem so no oen can understand
"The veto would havebcen sustained If
It had not been for this misapprehension
on the part of one of my friends, who
voted otherwise. He complained that he
was unable to understand the reading.
That has been the complaint ever since
I have been in office. It is one of the
weapons used to throw dust In the eyes
of the public "
The Mayor became surcastlc In dlsous.
ing Councils' attitude regarding transit.
"I am glad that It did not require pub
lic opinion to compel them to Include
J500.000 In the loan for subway work," he
said "t am glad to learn that It wa
always Irt their minds that they were
Ju Joking with the publ) all the time,"
have advanced slightly. Three at
tacks attempted by the Germans
against the English nrmy have been
checked at Troyon between Solssons
German General Staff expresses confi
dence in the outcome and states that
the French are weakening, while the
Kaiser's lines are being .strengthened
ing to reports received by General Gal
llenl. The Germans retired to new
positions constructed In the rear of
1 their original ones ns the pressure In
creased. But at no point have they
actually been defeated.
Along the rest of the line the great
battle continues as an artillery duel.
There has been almost no fighting by
and the troops more numerous. The t the Infantry for 36 hours, both sides
reported shortnge In ammunition is realizing the futility of sacrificing men
denied. Reinforcements are reported while the entrenched positions remain
on their way to Join the Germans, , intact. Consequently every effort is
Petrograd War Office In briefest state
ment of the war says: ".Military op
erations continue successfully. The , tll,ery ftro is incrensing jn intensity
main atincK on rrzemysi awaits tne
arrival of Russian siege guns.
British War Office statements express
, being brought to bear to demolish the
German batteries. The French ar-
confldence in the outcome of the
struggle along the line, but admit
losses of the allies have been ter
rific. British forces repulsed ten at
tempts of the Germans to assault
their positions by night.
Italy is the scene of popular demon
strations ngalnst the Government's
neutrality. The Russian and German
Ambassadors have engaged in an un
diplomatic war of words In the effort
to enlist Italy's aid. The Ger
mans have distributed broadcast n
pamphlet urging Italians stand by
the Triple Alliance nnd "win with
Washington officials were somewhat
discouraged over prospects of media,
tion the warlike attitude of the al
lies strongly indicating that efforts
for peace at this time were futile.
nil along the line, according to the
reports reaching here. H wns Kept up
all night and there arc indications of
a coming charge from the German
The German assaults of the last five
days have been tremendous. At a
dozen points on tho centre they have
tried again ond again to take the of.
fenslve. Division after division has
been hurled forward en masse, only to
be shattered by the allies' shell flre
ana forced to give ground. And every
time the German lines have shown
signs of wa vet ing the allies have been
I thrown against them with the bayonet.
, As n result at a number of points
I ground has been gained, ns the Ger
i man soldiers do not relish the bayonet
fighting. But the main German en-
trenchments, except on the extreme
left, remain intact, as their artillery I at ,on ,pW(J
Bhells doing havoc among: tho French"
and British troops on the south side of
When the British and French aero
planes went up to discover these place
ments they were met with a murderous
firo from the hilltop batteries of the.
invaders. In several instances, how
ever, the Germans guns were located
and the British and French artillery
concentrated against them, compelling
them to move.
In order to prevent the location of
the hidden batteries being discovered,
the Germans used smokeless powder in
Some of the trenches are half full
of water from the heavy rains, and the
troops are soaked through and
through. The soggy condition of the
clay soil is impeding the work of dig
ging fresh trenches, but the German
soldiers are held to this task, and
night and day the labor goes forward.
These lines are being constructed all
along the front. They are covered
with screens to protect the soldiers
from shrapnel, and at intervals pia
toons of machine guns are stationed
to sweep the ranks of the French and
British If they should try to capture
the German batteries by storm.
The French and English also arn
building redoubts, although there
seems little chance of the entire right
wing of the Germans attempting an
H is the opinion of ninny military
men hero that the only places where
the Germans have moved forward from
their trenches to charge the allies are
points where the allies have succeeded
In getting to the north side of the
The German line has again been re
Inforced and nt ori-.i., .... ..
j mans outnumber the allies. The fresh
troops which have Just .eached the
front are supposed to be part of the
thiee corps uncjpr Genera, von Boehn.
Which IV Bra m..t. I .. . .
" ;u wiruusn Jieigium
fire Is loo deadly to be faced up to the
Additional reinforcements have been
sent forward to tho left. The general
situation, ns described in the first offi
cial statement posted today, Is satis
factory, but practically unchanged.
An .English correspondent who has
succeeded In getting through from
Rheims gives the following account of
the situation near that point:
"The stronghold of tha German posi
tion is the height of Nogent l'Abbesse,
three miles duo east from Rheims.
There the Germans occupied tho slto
of what used to be the forts of Rheims,
and from there they are bombarding
the city, which was on fire in eight
places at t o'clock Thursday afternoon,
when I came down from the tower of
the Cathedral from which I had been
watching the fierce battle since morn
ing." At many places on the Ai3ne line the
Germans were successful In masking
batteries upon the wooded hills. Tho
heavy howitzers of these uattcrieB hayo
Kept up an incessant caiiriunatVt thf I?S
IT havoc nmmin- thrt m. Tl? ' ' ' "-J
I -4 tmm
BLACK SEA FLEET REPORTED
OFF THE DARDANELLES
Said to Be Ready to Attack Turks,
But Ships May Be British.
NAPLES. Sept. 13 statement was issued at headquarters
Ofrlcers of the steamsnip l-'avlgnana re- today:
2500 FRENCH CAPTURED
IN SEIZURE OR BEAUMONT
HBIIi-w. oept. 13. (By wireless to
, SayvilJe. U I.j-The following official
ported today that the Russian Black Sfd '
fleet of twenty units Is cruising oft the
entrance to the Dardanelles, ready to
attack the Turkish squadron If Its leaves
It Is Improbable that the Russian fleet
has Bucceeded In passing through the
Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, but the
Favlgnana may have sighted a British
fleet, which la reported tg have secured j
a station on the island of Lerongs.
A decisive attack has ben made
by tho Thirteenth and Fourth
Corps and parts of other divisions
south of Noynn. They suffered
Beaumont has been stoimd.
and taken and 2,500 French pris
oners have been captured.
(There are three town of Beaumont
that might be meant by thU dispatch,
but it probably refers to Beaumont in
the Ardennes region not far from Se
dan There is another Beaumont about
twenty miles north of Paris Thla
town U IS miles southwest of v
and it Is hardly probable that the Gcr
1 man tiava bR able to get so close
j to ParU. Thlrty-Hve ml led southeast
la another to- n of Beaumont. It lies
I in the mountainous region of Narvy )
Attack along the entire battle
jllne have been easily repulse-!.
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