Newspaper Page Text
s EVENING- LEDGEltPHILADELPHlA, MONDAY, SBPffEMBflR 1 1914 A EVENING &$& LEDGER PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY" CYJivs t!. ic. cirntis. l'maiMtsT. 00. W Oclis. Secretary: John C Martin, Treasurer; Charles It. l.urtlngton, Philip S. Collin. John II. Wll ilm, Director;., HbtTontAt. noAtiD: Ctnta It. K. CeitTtS. Chalrmnn. P. H. WltALBY Executive Editor jOltfJ O. MAttTIN OMwraUtuslne Manawr I'uUl.ihetl rlally. except Surnlay. at Prm.tr Lnroiti: Iliilldln. IndeiiemUnca Square. Philadelphia. hrtar.n Or-XTtut, .Broad and CheMnut Streets ATLANTIC Crr Prew-nuon lliilldlng NKW YORK 170-A. Metropolitan Tower CitlcAoo Sir Home Insurance ItulMlnfc LOkdos 8 Waterloo rince, Fall Mall. 3. V. Ncwsurii-Auai .., JtAnaisacnn Dcimd The ralriol u Mob Wahhisciiov m-RMU The Po.1t tlu Idln Kkw York JIeiieiu The Tlmw llullilltiK IlicnU.s itcRKtr t FrtcilrlcJitrn;n I-oxno.v llrmuu 2 fall Mall Hast. S. V. FAuis IK-saiv ..12 Uuo Louis lo Urand StilSCMI'TlONTKHMS fly carrier. D.iu.t O.vt.Y, six cents. By mall, postpaid outside of Philadelphia, except where foreign postage Is required, D.ui.v ONLY, one month, twenty-five cents; Dirtv Oni.v. one year, three, dollars. All mall subscrip tion paable In advance. DKU, 3000 WAI.MT KKYSTO.Ni: MAIN .1000 CTT Adihcn all eosMHtmlrrtlfoitJ to Evening l.rdarr ,,;,.p urfiier Siunre, Phllnde Nlo Al-rin sii,i miiip m itta MtiMnbtrtiiA rostorrica ron i mii srro.vo-ct.Asa Mail uatteii. i'iih.uii.H'Hu. MO.tv. m:pi i:Mtu;n si. I'tlt speaking officially, but ho reflected the gen eral sentiment of tho American people In favor of neutrality of thought as well as of speech ami action, bo far as such neutrality la consistent with a man's respect for his own Intelligence. Tear Down the Black flap rpilK country will not foil to appreciate JL whore Pennsylvania stands If Ponroscltlll la repudiated ami Uuflnr Ttrtimbaugh Is tri umphantly elected. It Will he tt message, to the Union that Hie KVyst-me State la per meated with devotion to liepubllcun prin ciples and her Ideals Imbedded In a morality that cannot ho bought or sold, livery hope of Republican rehabilitation Is fixed on tho Pennsylvania campaign. This Is tho crucial State, for here It Is that discredited leader ship Is making Its Html stand for vindica tion. With tlte disruption nf FenroHeism the last of the parasites will be torn loose from the party body. It will at length bo free; free to grow, free to breatho, free to absorb Invigorating elements, free to light, ns tho young giant once fought before, for a great and vital economic program. Penn sylvania is the only State left with a black llag nailed to tho masthead of tho party organization, and Pennsylvania Is going to tear It down. Tragedies of tho Commonplace THE great dramatic moments of llfu do not ordinarily take place in cartlutuakes and shipwrecks. Nor arc tho tragedies of normal existence confined to million-dollar thefts, sudden death and bloodshed. "Tho great American play mii3t deal with problems that confront every man and woman," declared Miss Helen Ware the other day, through the columns of this newspaper. Jllss Wnre cited the domestic debacles which result from ex travagant living ns being tho basis for mod ern tragedies of Shakespearean calibre. The time has assuredly come when the se rious dramatist should eschew medieval romunca and tragedy for the even greater romance and tragedy of prest nt-day life. How can the imbroglio of u tilth century klngdomette compare with the colossal drama of our national finance anil commercial war fares? Tho great drama, the trenchant mu sical comedy, the apropos sketch-satire must deal, if it be. in tho spirit of the times, witlt themes familiar to everyday life, as intimate to every man and woman as knives and ' foTiis.'Toap and water, neckties and hairpins It is the snrill things of life that arc of prodigious importance. A lly in the coffee may poinon the nectar of Jove, tt is not Im possible by any means to Imugine tho bland, complacent husband, addicted to his evening newspaper, whipped to u truly Shakespearean thirst for murder by the bridge or euchr obsessed wife postering him nightly to piny a game. The ej-'s cooked a minute too long dally and the neglected laundry persistently lucking buttons might readily bring a bliss ful couple to the divorce court, and the want of kitchen or general economy drive nn exasperated husband to the saloon, the club or the use of a concrete club; oreven murder. One of the leading suffragettes in America was goaded to desert her spouse, and thence to become an exponent of militancy, by her husband'H tailing to agree with he- in regard to tho rights of labor unions! "ertes, comedy material worthy of a modem Aris tophanes, r the highest tlights of Bernard Shaw or George Cohan! Too Big a Price lo Pay WHEN men of the stamp of MeKinley and Ulngley wrote tariff bills there was no doubt of the country's devotion to the prin ciple of protection. The nation wants pro tection now, but thinks, and tightly thinks, that Penroseism Is too big a price to pay for it. Pennsylvania can pauperise the party in the rest of the nation if it wishes, by elect ing Sir. Penrose, but nowhere else do men believe that progress ran be made by btjok etepping. An ambassador to Washington who represented motley elements of organ ized corruption instead of the people of Pennsylvania might talk loud, but he would talk vainly in the fupitol, There U a Chinese will between the millions who want proter. tlon am" protection Itself. That wall is Pen. roselsra, and until it is battered down the free traders will continue their experimen tations at Washington. "To All Lover of Fair Ploy" P'R a good many years Prof, lingo Muenslerberg hus been a welcome bo. jauruer m this country, tils interpretations of American life from the dual standpoint of a Qerman and a psychologist have been most Interesting and valuable. We know him as "Professor Mumnterher,j of iiarvapd" and wish a long duration of ids arobahsadorahip, lo has just published a new book, called "America and the War." and dedicate It "to nit lovers of fair play." In it he de. clarts that the Americun people have formed i their opinions concerning the Kurupean war with the unanimity of sheep. He says thai t.beir ami-fUrman attitude Is akin to the American penchant for lynching, mid that it Jti the product of aut.i-Miggestion, Induced and fostered by colored iit-w from Finland, France and JSelgiuw, Popular ignorancei is the cause of this httslilitj. Professor Muen. ulerberg implies that sympathy vtlb 0r many is the outcome of education ami culture. Whatever may lie the faults of American public opinion, this attach on it is not likely to further tho purpose- of the hauls, More over, it probably would surprise Professor Muensterberg to know to what extent readers of war news in this country have taken into account the sources of it. It is an American habit in forming opinions to consider where the information comes from. When I'rtsident Wilson told the Helgian envoys and cabled the Qerman Emperor that the Government in Washington would not attempt to render judgment on the ques tions thawutd been presented to him he was A Professor Dcscrihcs n "Machine" POSSIBLY Professor William Mllllgan Sloano, In lecturing before German stu dents nt Berlin and Munich on "Party Gov ernment In the United States," had Penrose ism In mind when he said: "Where tho or ganization of party Is known as tho 'ma chine,' both place and money bribery abound, and tho slime of tho serpent Is on every po litical and social institution bccnUso It Is on the hearts of the men and women concerned, tho people who sot up and work tho whole machinery of life. Tho fountain cannot rise nbovo its source except by artifice; there are times mid plnces where party machinery be comes so foul that It Is clogged and stopped." Spending Money on titc Wrong Things THIS Municipal Court has made one record which Is not likely soon to be broken: Its. extravagance has becomo a standard of measurement, Not content with the lux urious quarters now assigned to it, It wants a building of Its own, Tho acquiescent Com mittee on Finance has provided In the loan bill tho sum of $400,000 for this purpose. It would be a lino thing for Philadelphia to have a now public building, or several of them, and when Borne of tho constitutional restrictions of the city's borrowing capacity uro removed It might be good policy to build them. Hut just now there are far more exi gent needs for all the cash available. It Is very obvious thut sound business policy does not dictate in all Instances tho financial program of Councils. Facts Their Dcst Argument FACTS will be lighting on the side of the Eastern railroads whom, next month, they go before the Interstate Commerco Commis sion to renew their petition for freight rate advances. If before they could make a strong showing, they now can make a brilliant one. Their case is substantially fortitled. A year ago the main difficulty that con fronted them was tho high cost of capital, resulting from unsnttsfactotj- net returns. Thnt Is tho main difficulty today; but mean time tho cost of capital has mounted even higher. Not only have net revenues dwindled because of a shortage In import and export traffic; not only have Interest, In general, traffic; not only have Interest rates, In gen eral, risen, but a market for the sale of new securities is now non-existent, while upon tho reopening of tho New York Stock Ex change foreign holders nf American rails are likely to flood the market. Higher freight rates point the obvious way out of this dilemma. A'ew Words in An Old Language WHEN, In his study of science, a man uvhievt something which is new to the world, it often happens that his name Is attached for all subsequent time to tho dis covery which he makes or thu theory which he formulates. The name of Copernicus thus becomes an adjective in reference to the Copernican theory. The name of Darwin ac quires a suffix in discussions of Darwinism. Tho name of Pasteur is perpetuated In a verb. It is likewise In philosophy. In politics, in religion, with such terms as Hegelianism, Lincolnlan statesmanship, Christianity. A man who makes a great contribution to the world's thought and the world's history rep resents some Idea or principle or achievement which is so distinctively his own that perhaps the language appropriates his name for its special purposes, Sometimes, however, there is nothing com plimentary in this philological recognition To speak of a Machiavellian proposal, for in stance, is not to praise either the proposal or Machiavelli. The gerrymander is not itself in good repute, though the word has a defi nite and useful meaning. Another word of similar origin, one which is well understood ult over tho country and even elsewhere, is Penroseism. So much for future fame! True to Their Conventions THJtOUOH tho hideous red war-mist two facts stand out plainly: une fact Is that Cireut Britain, with sin cerity that must bo cunceded, carried out her written promise, her treaty-plighted word, to Belgium. She knew there would be a fearful price to pay: she didn't falter. Tho other fact is that President Wilson, in sisting that this country carry out its solemn promise to Great Britain regard, ing non-discrimination in Panama tolls, facing honest difference of opinion as to our basic rights, set an example of international probity uud good faith, of the Anglo-Saxon regard for the sacredunss of tho spoken and written promise, which was u splendid fore runner of Great Uritain's action. That the two great English-speaking na. lions have declared to the world they are one in demanding tho observance of interna tlonal obligations, no matter what the cost, Is the strongest guarantee that future ngreQ. nienU wilt menu what they say uud shall not be "scraps of paper," to be torn and tossed to the winds at tho cynical caprico of any ruler. After all, in falrnens, It should not bo for gotten that thero wns a time when Elsass and Lotbrlnen wero original Gorman provlnees. It Is not so difficult to credit those ru mors of atrocities committed by that band of Germans in Belgium German bands are famous for their atrocious music. Tt is worth while to swallow a wholesome fimn.TOt in order to secure a wbolesumo -Re publican majority In 10JS. The effect of the decreased Immediate de maa fr cotton is not localised In the South. It affeets the welfare of the entire United Stte. The buya-Ualeof-cotton movement will pot cure the situation, but every little bit helps. In ttiese modern days It seems ttiat H would be more up-to-dato far the armies to be automoWUged, Snw that the New York police have put a mietus, on that man who was renting babies to criminals for use at their trials, he will doubtless complain of it as another blow at our infant industries'. m m i MS Within a year New York city will have between ?o und CO miles of new subways ready for operating; within a year Philadel phia will have to remove about 60 or 60 miles of red tape and other obstructions between her and the new subways. PASSED BY THE CENSOR THE visit to this country of a special Bel gian Embassy recalls the time spent In tho United States by LI Hung Chang, Chinese statesman and admirer of General Grant. It was his devotion to the memory of the American General which nearly precipitated international complications between the then Celestial Kmplro and old Erin. 11 arrived In New York city and, according to tho by-laws of his native lond, was not permit ted to touch his silk-clad feet Upon heathen foreign soil, So, wherever ho wont, regal carpets wero laid, or tho old gentleman was carried In Sedan chairs. It was so when ho visited Grant's tomb on lllverslde Drive, Now York. Stopping from his carriage, he entered a waltltfg Sedan chair. Four husky Irish policemen stopped forward, red of face and 111 at ease. For a moment they hesitated, one or two essayed to speak, but emotion overcame them. They grasped tho handles nnd New York wit nessed the ntnazlng sight of a Chinaman carried to anything but a patrol wagon by four Irish policemen I TlIErtE was yet another delegation from a foreign nation In this country, tho threo Doers, who sought aid in their war against Drltnln. No sooner had they landed than an enterprising weekly paper commandeered them and brought them Into a special room In their hotel, where the sun was bright, and had a photographer tnko an even dozen pictures In vurlous, more or less graceful, at titudes. And when the twelve plntcs were devel oped, Just ono pair of magnificent coattalls nppearcd to view! Tho plates had been light-struck, nnd tho delegates wero on their way homo! IN THE days when Brooklyn was yet n municipal entity, David A. Boody was its Mayor. Mr, Boody is a gentleman to his linger tips, and was completely out of touch with the political gang which ruled the City of Churches. But ns a Mayor he wns not al together n success, for tho "gang" took great pleasure in "putting things over on him." So It was no wonder that ono day tho telcphono In his office rang violently and an excited voice at the other cntt of the wire Informed tho Mayor that nt a cer tain number In Itaymond Btreet thero was congregated the greatest aggregation of thieves, cutthroats, burglars and criminals ever gathered under one roof. The Mayor at once passed the news to Chief of Pollco Campbell, who sent a wagonlond of police men to the place. On a dead run tho patrol dashed down Raymond street and drew up before the Raymond street Jail! DURING the days preceding our own war with Spain, General Weyler was nearly lynched In a newspaper office, only he did not know it, and it is doubtful whether his Ignorance has been dispelled even now. It was at the time when tho chrome news papers were out-yellowing one another to tho fullest extent of their Ingenuity and regardless of their financial wounds. The yellowest of them all conceived tho idea that It would be ii splendid thing if it could get Weyler Into the hands of the Cuban Insur rectos, obtain his last statement, have him lynched and then photographed. Sinn were sent to Cuba to visit the revolutionists, and nil the arrangements for the kidnapping wero completed, when the proprietor of tho paper in question backed water, and declined to see the "enterprise" through. When pressed for nn explanation, ho gave voice to the follow ing cryptic utterance: "I don't mind being yellow, but I'll be dashed If I want the woild to think thnt I am purple." STILL, being "purple" is not nearly so bad as being born to the purple without the needed financial backing, as wns the case of Frederic Lemaitre, the great French nctor. Lemnltre was In debt from tho day of his birth to the day he died not ordinary Indebt edness, but overwhelming financial obliga tions. So lie spent most of his waking hours evolving plans for raising money. And even now, In Its spare moments, Paris remembers his vagaries. A new play was billed, Lemaltre was the star. At 7 o'clock in the evening, an hour before tho curtain was to go up, the manager received n noto from a pawnbroker, informing him that Lemaltre had pawned himself for 20,000 francs and that there would be no performance unless lie was re deemed. He was. Another time Paris was amazed when It saw Lemaltre driving down the Bols In a magnificent equipage, drawn by four white horses. A friend hailed him from the side walk. "You are n fool, Lemaltre. buying such an expensive carriage, when you are head over heels in debt. Why did you do It?" "I had to," responded Lemaltre, sticking a torn shoe out of tho window. "How tho deuce could I afford to walk the street looking like that?" A SIMILAR character, but American, was John Stetson, the Boston theatrical man ager. One afternoon he arrived at the Tremont Street Theatre and saw a sign reading: Matinee today 2 1. M. SHARP, "Who In blazes is Shurjt? Put Stetson there," he thundered, and no amount of ex plunatlon would induce htm to change his mind. Hut It wns when Baron do Grimm, tho artist. stago.I Rider Haggard's "She" for Stetson, that the latter broke all grammatical lecords. In tho play was a line: "She, who must be obeyed." and Stetson argued for throe blessed hours that it should have been "Hr, who must bo obeyed." MRS. ETHEL CAUGHIJN. of Moore's Flat, Nevada, is desperately unxious to resign her otllce, but Uncle Sam has declined with thank, nnd so she Is still postmistress, a mile from tho i.eurtt habitation, with her husband a hundred miles away. Tho Gov. eminent tan get no one else to tuko the place, which P4J' only $10 a mouth. There must be some one in charge of the office, so the pleas anil wails of Mrs. Caughlin have been un availing. Now she has induced her boadsinm to withdraw their security, hoping that this move will force her out of an office that sought the woman and, having gained her. kept her a Federal prisoner. BRADFORD. CURIOSITY SHOP The Field of Forty Footsteps according to .. Inno...! ..,., ,. inanHiiui In nl1 T m rtn nn whose site the British Museum now stands. It was also known as Southampton Field. During the Monmoutli rebellion two brothers espoused opposite sides and fought a duel on the meadow, Both were slain and, accord- M Imr tn lh Btneir. JA IVininrlnla were vlslblo jfor many years, for no grass would grow wiiero me lrailiciuai oiuuu imu ou ' sward, Oxtail soup Is of olden origin, dating back to tho Protestant refugees who flod from France nfter tho revocation of the Edict of Nantes, In 1685, In the extremity of want they bought tho tails of oxen from tanners and made soup therefrom, Accident brought tho edible to the attention of an oplcure, who liked the broth so well that ho proclaimed Its virtues until It became a fashionable dish. Tho title of Prlmo Minister was not officially conferred, but was given In banter to Sir Robert Walpole. On February 11, 1712, he said In tho House of Commons! "Having Invested mo with a kind of mock dignity nnd styled me iv'prlme minister,' the Opposition Imputes to mo an unpardonable abuse of tho chimerical authority which they only created and conferred." Somewhere between heaven and earth Is suspended Mohammed's "stepping stono," unless tho Moslem legend' Is Inaccurate. Ac cording to this source, when Mohammed mounted the beast, Al Ilornk, on his ascont to heaven, tho stono started to follow him, whereupon tho prophet laid his hand upon it and bade It stay whore it was. Hence, to this day, true believers may see it suspended on high. IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR ThcWar Game French troops chock Germans. Gorman army checks Russians. Atlstrlans chocked In Gnllcla. Sounds like the boggago room of a rail road station. We'll Leave Thin Entirely to Our Readers Correspondent, writing on a letterhead of tho mental detention room of a locnl hos pital, asks whether the following could bo called a "poem": "Give credit whom It due Is To tho whiskers of Ham Lewis." Wo would NOT call It a poem; what we really think of It shall go down Into tho dark and dank gravo with our mortal remnants. Wonder What Wns Meant "The only homes I want aro Paris and Heaven." "Well, you'd better make the most of Paris." Wish Wc Knew a Caption Harrowing Enough To Do Justico to .This 1 Some parents think an heir a crying need. And that's tho way he usually turns out. From the News Columns SHE. Tho fall bride Is a wondrous thing Of furbelows and laces, As pretty as tho new blown rose The wedding page she graces. HE. The bridegroom doesn't count at all; Tho future, glum he faces; An ordinary mortal, he, On checks, his namo he places. Honest, This Really Happened We walked Into a barber shop to have our luxuriant curls denatured, dlmlnuted, singed, massaged and otherwise maltreated. Tho barber went to work with a will nnd scissors. He clipped and combed and clipped. He spoke not. Then he brushed off the expur gated hair, combed what remained, took off the towel about our swan-like neck; we paid him and walked out. Strange? Most as suredly, for he never even once, much less oftoner, raised a mirror behind us and asked whether or no the cut suited our aesthetic ideas. News Notes From The Aquarium "Principal Fish About to Resign." Wor cester, Mass., Gazette. In The Sanctum 'Have you a consulting editor?" "No, nn office boy." The Illow-Out "What happened to Babylon?" asked tho teacher of her Brooklyn class. "It fell!" cried the pupil. "And what became of Nineveh?' "It wns destroyed." "And what of Tyro?" "Punctured." Exchange. A Purist Western Visitor (accosting citizen Can you tell me a good place to stop at? Citizen Certainly! Just before tho "at." Good day, sir. Boston Transcript. His Preparation "Have you had any experience In the movies." 'Oh, yes, sir; I wns for ten years with a furniture van." Baltimore American. Ideal Husband "Yes, I may say I have an Ideal hus band." "An Apollo for looks, a Chesterfield for manners," rhapsodized the girl. "Those things don't count In husbands, my dear. Mine stays fairly sober and brings most of his salary home." Pittsburgh Post, Oh, Pshaw! K. P. Shaw, nvv Ohtnse Minister, srrlvcH with ilv children and a retinue of twenty-seven." .Nwsiupor Item. Poor Persia mourns her awful loss, Tho Shah no longer rules as boss. He's In this land, we, read, because (And here for rhymes we're forced to pau3e) He represents the land of Heaven Of family (nnd servants) thero are 27. Hurrah for China and Its Shah, Who of five children Is the pa! Pronounce to rhyme wlih "bo," Generosity Mr, McNab (to urchin) What's the mat ter, laddie? Urchin I've lost my 'apenny! Mr. McNab Aye, dinna grieve. Here's a match to find It. London Opinion. Neighbor's Children "What it the scientific name of the small creature who Is ruining your fruit 'this vear?" asked Mrs, Dobbs, ' "it has no scientific name," replied Mrs, Blnbbs. "But it is vulgarly known ns Jimmy Dobbs." Washington Star. TIIF, OLD FLAG lly II. C. Hunner tiff with your hat as tho flag goes by, And let the heart have Its say! you're man enough for a tear in your eye That you will not Wipe away. you're man enough for a thrill that goes To your very finger tips. Aye, tho lump Just then in your throat that ' i ose Spoke more than your parted lips, Lift up the boy on your shoulder, high, And show aim the faded shred, Those stripes would be red as the sunset sky if death could have dyed them ted. The man that bore it with death has lain These twenty years and more. He died that the work should not be in alri Of the man who bore it before, The man that bears it is bent and old, And ragged his beard and gray, But look at his eye fire young and bold At the tune that he hears them play. The old tune thundera through all the air And strikes light into the heart. If it ever calls for you, boy, be there Be there and ready to start. Off with your hat as the flag goes byl Uncover the youngster's head! Teach him to hold it holy and high. For the sake or the saeed dead. DONE IN PHILADELPHIA WHEN I read a few days ago that two lots of the GIrard Estate In the vicinity of Third and Porter streets had Just been sold by the city for more than $34,000, It Instantly occurred to mo that that waa only a little less than a third of tho total valuo of the realty owned by GIrard In old Passyunlt township at the time of his death. GIrard was ono of the first men hero to realize tho worth of reatty as an Investment. Thero had been land speculators bofore him in tho field, of course, but ho was cautious and, unlike Nicholson, who, at one lime, had an ownership In about one-sixth of the State, GIrard, for the great part, had his holdings In Philadelphia. His ventures outside in cluded his coal lands In Pennsylvania, which are still very profitable, and other land In Louisiana. He left to the city for tho support of his wonderful college for orphan boys some of tho most valuable land In the central part of the city. It is true that pieces of this proporty, owing to tho changes of business centres, are not now so profitable aB they onco wore, yet those properties In tho neigh borhood of the river, as GIrard understood, never can cease to be of valuo so long as wo have any commerce at all. WHEN GIrard died ho was the richest mdn In this country. Tho Inventory filed by his executors showed that his total prop erty, real and personal and ho hod a great deal of both was valued, In 1832, at more than $8,000,000. Wo havo bocomo so accustomed to tho millionaire in our day and, in our conversa tions at least, are even now flirting with billions, that we do not reallzo what $6,000,000 meant In 1632. Thero was no other man In the United States at that timo who could hold rank nnywhero near GIrard In tho point of wealth. Tho Immense fortunes with which wo aro so familiar aro of much later date; they aro even of our own times, when tho work of exploiting tho resources of tho country began. GIRARD'S fortuno was piled up labori ously nnd Blowly. It was not specula tive. In tho modern sense of the word. He was a keen buyer; ho knew values, whether It was of wines, which ho imported by tho shipload and bottled and sold, or of real estate, which ho bought and rented. Ho was constantly Importuned to tnko stock in tht various new enterprises of his time, but where ho merely desired to oblige the seller, ho bought but a few shares. It Is evident that ho regarded these as contributions and not business. For Instanco, we find his executors enter ing one share each In Lo Courrlor des Etats Unls, tho French newspaper; in tho Do mestic Society, in the Susquehanna and Lehigh turnpike and in the Downlngtown and Ephrata turnpike, but they did not place any valuo opposlto them. These wero not regarded as Investments by a man llko GIrard, but we do And him owning 2200 shares in tho Schuylkill Navigation Com pany, and theso wero valued In 1832 at $264,000. He held nearly a million In Penn sylvania 5 per cents, nnd $113,500 In City 6 per cents. , His coal lands, which consisted of nearly 30,000 acres in Schuylkill County, wero valued at $175,2-iG at the time of tho Inven tory. Now they return a profit of more than that every year. His Philadelphia holdings were listed at $1,189,631, and no other man owned so much at that time. The GIrard Estate has now three buildings worth moro than that amount, to say nothing of the college Itself. ALTHOUGH Girard's holdings in tho aouth .crn part of the city contained consider able acreage, and one of his parcels of land In Passyuuk township contained his "plan tation" or country place, thoy were valued at less than $112,000. I should not like to venture upon an estimate of their valuo to day, for on the site of part of his plantation rows of houses of the most modern charac ter have been erected and rented. And still there Is more land to be Improved. Three buildings, now covered by tho Mar iner and Merchant Building, at Third and Chestnut, wero rented in 1832 at $1003, $1805 and $1R05 respectively a year, Ho had n dairy farm in Moyamensing district that rented for $900 a year, and a whole row of dwellings on Falrmount avenue, then Coates street, that were rented for $257.50 a year each. For the old Dunlnp house, at the south east corner of Twelfth and Market streets, Girard received $70S a year. This wns ro gnrded as a large rent for that locality In those days, but I think any person would be willing to give a good many times that amount for such a corner now. From all his city properties GIrard re ceived only a llttlo moro than $40,000 a year In rentals, and he was the richest mun in tho United States In his day. BY that strange perversity of human na ture that sometimes affects men of great ness, GIrard desired to be remembered as a mariner Instead of a merchant, although as tho latter he Is, of course, better recalled. It may not be known thut Booth's greatest ambition was to be a comedian, yet it is as a tragedian that he became famous. On tho other hand, his brother-in-law, John S. Clarke, who was a comedian of the buffo type, believed ho had failed in lifo because the world would not accept him as a trage dian. Napoleon at first desired to achieve fame as a novelist, but if ho did not iidilovo thut position, he succeeded la providing at mosphere for countless pieces of fiction, I feet sure that Phlladelphlans aro likely to forgel tho mariner in Girurd In the great. ness and far-sightedness of tho man of bus. Iness, GRANVILLE. The Primaries a Vain Hope from the JIIlwmi!(M Sentinel. tine beneficent feature of the direct primary it, that It closes an argument. Jf Roger O. Sullivan were the nominee of u l)cniocr.itlc State convention a pretext would mount to the sides from .Metropolis to Helvidere against sucli l..etrujal of the plain people. In this case the plain people eeum to have done it. Chicago Tiibune. No d"'lbt. But "i-latfi un argument!" 'When did n direct m unary ever close uu argument? Wisconsin naa had much experience lu that line. The sum of It is that the icrv nuople wb.o invented tho direct primary as the one wav lo secure an unarguable verdict ure always the very ones to go on arguing and kicking and trying to upset the verdict every time It goes ugainst them. They are doing it now. THE IDEALIST The Emperor of China assumed terrific obligations. Among them was the absolute guarantee that he would make the sun come up each morning. It is not a matter of record that the sun ever failed to put in appearance. But therein lies the reason for the Immeasurable faith which the people of the land put la their ruler. To them ho was ah earth-dod. Borne folk think that tho profound re spect which Is paid a big man is born solely of tho superior ability ho possesses. Ho cat! do things that 1 cannot do. Ho can sway a mob, whereas I lack tho power to change the hilnd of a Blnglo Individual. Hence he is well entitled to my reverence. I have Just read an Intensely Interesting account of ono of tho country's strongest public men. It was not proven thorcln that he possessed exceptional ability. But It was proven that he never broko hlg word. And that Is exactly what earned for tho ancient Chlneso rulers the terrible fear and worshipful respect .existing among their sub jects. ' Among us are Innumerable corrupt men who assume Icfadorshlp In public life. Good folks view their ascendency with fears as to what tho world Is really coming to. Search far enough and you'll find tho reason for their power. In thoobltuary of most every unprincipled man of power you will find a hackneyed "Ho never broke a promise." Perhaps ho only made a few. But the number does not count. If tho old Chlnead Emperor had only guaranteed tho dally np poarance of the sun and nothing more, that would have been quite sufficient to keep him on tho pedestal of roveronco and fear. THE IDEALIST. VIEWS OF READERS ON TIMELY TOPICS Contributions That Reflect Public Opin ion on Subjects Important to City, State nnd Nation. To fne Edttor of tht Evening Ledger: Sir As an Independent Republican, Inter ested In having honest men elected to ofneo and tho standard of my party restored In Penn sylvania, I am writing to commend your oppo sition to Penroseism. By so doing, through the agency of your excellent paper you render a great service to the citizens of our State. Tim antl-Penroso sentiment Is very strong through hero In Westmoreland County, and only by tho elimination of rcnrosclsm can our party hope to return to its once high standard.1 S. OVERHOLT. Mt. ricasanr. Pa., September 15, 1014'. INTERESTS OF PEOPLE THROTTLED To tht Editor of tht Evening Ledger: Sir Permit mo, as a reader of your publica tions, to express my observations of tho senti ment of the people, of this community. Tho non-partisan Judiciary and the uniform primary acts are rapidly educating tho peoplo In favor of Independent political action und non-partisan voting. You will recollect that the latter net provides that a voter Is entitled to a party bnllot whore ho hna voted for n. majority of tho candidates of thnt party at tho preceding election. These acts can have no other effect than to placo the best Interests of tho Stnte nnd county boforo tho people nt future elections. Tho Interests of the people of Pennsylvania are throttled by tho fact that almost all our largo dally papers nre controlled by politicians thnt nro inimical to tho good government of our State and counties. DON G. CORBETT. Clarion, Ha., September 15, 1914. THE FUNCTION OF A NEWSPAPER To tht Edttor of tho Evening Ledger: Sir Tho true function of a newspaper Is serv ice to tho public. I believe that you aro sincere) In your opposition to Mr. Penrose, nnd I bcllova that the forceful editorials which have appeared lu the Evening Ledger, nnd those which I bo llovo shall come, will contribute to a marked degree In bringing about his defeat in Novem ber. Keep up this service! W. H. K. Philadelphia, September 16, 1914. FROM A JOURNALIST To the Edttor of the Evcntnp Ledger: Blr Bolng a former newspaperman, I feel Impelled to write you my congratulations nfter carefully watching your Issues for tho first threu days of publication. Tho physical appearanco of the paper commends Itself, It seems to me. above everything else. The news is presented not so that the reader may read, but so that he must read. To catch tho eye of the reader immediately is one thing demanded from an nfternoou paper. Tills you have been able to do. Tho generous use of pictures, which seems to bo your policy, almost needs no comment. Pictures to most persons convey a moro lasting Impres sion than almost anything they read, and when the public see tho pictures, tho paper will be. theirs. A FRIEND. Philadelphia, September 16, 1914. FRANKLIN'S FIRST NEWSPAPER To tha Editor of tho Evening Ledger: Sir Philadelphia is a veritable treusuro city for relies of early American literature. Any ono not afraid he may meet the ghost of one of tho Rldgway family can see In tho great library down Broad street original Issues of the press here, like Bradford's Mercury (our first newspaper), Franklin's General Magazine, and mnny more. A librarian's card on ono of tho old-tlmo publications reads something Ilka this: "This Is the first number of Ben Franklin's newspaper. It shows that tho newspapers of early times were Just as modest as they are today." That card is misleading, for tho old-tlm publication is tho first number of Samuel Reimer's paper, the Universal Instructor of All Arts and Sciences und Pennsylvania Ua zctte. This paper came out on December 22, 17iS. and ran for three-quarters of a year, nnd was sold1 to Franklin & Meredith for a small sum about August, 1755), Franklin cut off tho "Universal Instructor" lino of tho heading and called tho paper simply tho Pennsylvania Qaz'-tte. SAMUEL W. HOSKING. 132r, Parrlsh st Philadelphia, Sept. IS, 1914, "Intelligent and Forcible" From West Chester (Ta.) Dally Local News. Two Issues of the Evening Ledger of Phila delphia have appeared, and in nil Its many features It demonstrates that skilled newspaper talent is employed In Its Quaking of tin ovenlnn newspaper for thu people. Its 10 pages retlert all the news of th world thut Is worth reading, and its every department, notably those for the homo circle, the ladles, the sporting folic, i carefully considered with much elaborateness of detail. Editorially the Evening Ledger Is Intelligent, forcible, independent and educational. NATIONAL POINT 0F YIEW" The pleasing information comes from Wash ington that the "pork" hunting Senators have been repulsed, and that the $93,000,000 river and harbor bill will bo i educed, probably as much ns one-half, by cutting out of It all "question, able" Items, both new nnd old. President Wil ton has apparently om more proved himetlf a much aeuttr polltcian than be bus bi en com monly credited with oeing. He doe nut dwell in that ntmosplioie "f academic aloofness noin I'lWim U things that some lime h-iatily lilicvl him to- It' "good polities'" ilijbt now t' l;t th" padding out jf all public payr.ilb The people me aioufed ns never be'ore to i. cn-i-ckhlvc cost of a lot of viliat has iisM'ii ""r government" in this cumitr. -Chicago lltiald, In na'lltlng n;alnst the livers und In. i bora bill ns It I'liliw tu the Semite, the lllibuat. rs. idthoimh they aiu Republicans, bavu ic.illy been doing valiant service lor the lmocrai. Nothing woubi have constituted such a vul nerable paint of attack against the dominant .any in this fall's campaign as nn old-t""''-toned rivers and ImrbuM bill-New YoiL i" ing Post. If ririiutor Button and tho.-e net. as with '" can defeat the rivets uud burbors bill " f a heuvy reduction of the upproimatlou. ll"y will render u great service to the emiiii. -and uUo to the democratic party -HWiJii.'1'o-lls News. If President Wilson Is to become iho watch dog of the Tteasury" ho v. Ill find u need deal of watching necessary. Washington Star. WAR AND THE ROYAL INVOCATION Blums not tha Christian faith for this Ma1 war; Christ never spoke a word that made it right To murder men in bitter hate And turn a sun-lit world to dark'-t night. W. J. r- (Hgjttb-i hi" wT' i i i mi ii t MnjiM i-i .in mi ttmmmi) nWmUHi i1 m 1 ' m II I iMdMiMM-J-M-ttgJ-MJEi-i---.