EVENING LEDGEE PHILADELPHIA, IMONBAT, SEPTEMBER 21, 1913.
EVENING dSs LEDGER
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
crnus Jr. it cuhtis. phwioem.
Om. W. Och. Secretary s John C Mftrt'njJ.V'wn:
Chftrles H. I.udlnnton, Philip S. Collin. John U. Wil
Cures II. It Curtis, Chairman.
P. It. WHAI.HT Kurcutlve Editor
JOHN C. MAttTlN OenerMJBuiilnea Munarer
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'fear Uomi the Blnck Fins
THE country will not fail to npprcclnto
where Pennsylvania stands It Penroseism
Is repudiated and Doctor Urutnbaugh Is tri
umphantly elected. It will bo a message to
the Union that the Keystone State is per
mented with devotion to Republican prin
ciples and her Ideals imbedded In a morality
that cannot bo bought or sold. Every hope
of Republican rehabilitation Is fixed on tho
Pennsylvania campaign. This Is the crucial
State, for hero it is that discredited leader
ship Is making its final stand for vindica
tion. With tho disruption of Penroseism
the last of the parasites will be torn looso
from the party body. It will at length be
free; freo to grow, free to breathe, free to
absorb Invigorating elements, freo to light.
as the young giant onco fought before, for
a great nnd vital economic program. Penn
sylvania Is the only Stato loft with a black
flag nailed to the masthead of the party
organization, and Pennsylvania is going to
tear It down.
Tragedies of the Commonplace
THE great dramatic moments of life do not
ordinarily take place in earthquakes and
shipwrecks. Nor aro the tragedies of normal
existence confined to million-dollar thefts,
sudden death and bloodshed. "Tho great
American play must deal with problems that
confront every man and woman," declared
Miss Helen Ware the other day. through the
columns of this newspaper. Miss Ware cited
the domestic debacles which result from ex
travagant living as being tho basis for mod
ern tragedies of Shakespearean calibre.
Tho time has assuredly como when the se
rious dramatist should eschew medieval
romance and tragedy for the even greater
romance and tragedy of present-day life.
How can the imbroglio of a 16th century
klngdomette compare with the colossal drama
of our national finance and commercial war
fares? Tho great drama, the trenchant mu
sical comedy, tho apropos sketch-satire must
deal, if it bo in the spirit of the timet., with
themes familiar to everyday life, as intimate
to every man and woman as knives and
forks, soap and water, neckties and hairpins.
It is the small things of life that are of
prodigious Importance. A fly in tho coffee
may poison the nectar of love. It is not im
possible by any moans to imagine thu bland,
complacent husband, addicted to his evening
newspaper, whipped to a truly Shakespearean
thirst for murder by tho bridge or euchro
obsessed wife pestering htm nightly to play
a game. The egg cooked a minute too long
daily and tho neglected laundry persistently
lacking buttons might readily bring a bliss
ful couple to tho divorce court, and the want
of kitchen or gencrul economy drive an
exasperated husband to the saloon, tho club
or the use of a concrete club; or even murder.
One of the leading suffragettes in America
was goaded to desert her spouse, and thence
to becomo an exponent of militancy, by nor
husband's failing to agree with hr in regard
to the rights of labor unions! Certes,
comedy material worthy of a modern Aris
tophanes, or the highest flights of Bernard
Shaw or George Cohan!
Too Big a Price to Pay
WHEN men of tho stamp of McKInley and
Dlngley wrote tariff bills there was no
doubt of tho country's devotion to tho prin
ciple of protection. Tho nation wants pro
tection now, but thinks, and rightly thinks,
that Penroseism is too big a price to pay for
Jr. Pennsylvania can pauperize the party in
the rest of tho nation if it wishes, by elect
ing Mr. Penrose, but nowhere else do men
believe that progress can be made by back
etepplng. An ambassador to Washington
who represented motley elements of organ
ized corruption instead of the people of
Pennsylvania might tallt loud, but he would
talk vainly in the 'apitol. There is a Chinese
wall between the millions who want protec
tion and protection itself. That wall Is Pen
roseism, and until It Is battered down the
free traders will continue their experimen
tations at Washington.
"To All Lovers of Fair Ploy"
For a good many year Prof. Huo
Muenoterberg has been a welcome to
urner in this country. His interpretations
American life from th dual standpoint of
fierman and a pathologist have been moj,t
arresting and valuable. We know him a
Professor Muensterbere of Harvard" and
wish a long duration of his ambassadorship.
He has just published a new boob, called
"America and the War," and dedicated It
"to all lovers of fair play." In it be de
clares that tho American people have formed
' their opinions concerning the European war
with the unanimity of shep. Hu sayt. that
their anti-German attitude Is akin to the
American penchant for lynching, and that it
Is the product of auto-suggestion, induced
and fostered by colored news, from England,
France and Belgium. Popular ignorance in
the cause of this hostility. Professor ajun
sterberg implies that sympathy with Qer
many is the outcome of education and
Whatever may be the faults of American
public opinion, this attack on it is not likely
to further the purpose of the tools. More
over, it probably would surprise Professor
Muensterberg to know to what extent
readers of war news in this country have
taken into account tho sources of it. It is
an American habit In forming opinions to
consider where the Information comes from.
When President Wilson told the Belgian
envoys and cabled the (Jennan Emperor that
the Government in Washington would not
attempt to render judgment on the ques
tions that had been presented to bun he was
speaking officially, but ho reflected the gen
eral sontlment of tho American people In
favor of neutrality of thought us well as of
speech and action, so far as such neutrality
Is consistent with a man's respect for his
A Profc3sor Describes a "Machine"
pOSSHtLV Professor William Mllllgan
Sloano, In lecturing hetoro German stu
dents at nerlln and Munich on "Party Gov
ernment In tho United States," had Penrose
Ism In mind when he said; "Where tho or
ganization of party Is known as tho 'ma
chine,' both place and money bribery abound,
and tho sllnto of tho serpent Is on every po
litical and social Institution because It Is 011
tho hearts of tho men and women concerned,
tho peoplo who cot up and work the whole
machinery of life. Tho fountain cannot rlso
above Its sotlrco except by artifice: thero aro
times ami places where party machinery be
comes so foul that it Is clogged nnd stopped."
Spending Money on the Wrong Things
THE Municipal Court has made one record
which Is not likely soon to bo broken:
Its extravagance has become n standard of
measurement. Not content with the lux
urious quarters now assigned to It, It wants
a building of its own. The acquiescent Com
mittee on Finance has provided in tho loan
bill the sum of ?-100,000 for this purpose. It
would be a fine thing for Philadelphia to
have a new public building, or several of
them, and when some of tho constitutional
restrictions of the city's borrowing capacity
tire removed It might bo good policy to build
them. Hut Just now there are far more exi
gent needs for all the cash available. It Is
very obvious that sound business policy does
not dictate In all Instances tho financial
program of Councils.
Facts Their Best Argument
FACTS wilt be fighting on the side of tho
Eastern railroads when, next month, they
go before tho Interstate Commerce Commis
sion to renew their petition for freight rate
advances. If before they could make a
Btrong showing, they now can make 11
brilliant one. Their case Is substantially
A year ago the main difficulty that con
fronted them wn tho high cost of capital,
resulting from unsatisfactory net returns.
That Is tho main dilllculty today: but mean
time the cost of cupital has mounted even
higher. Not only have net revenues dwindled
because of n shoitnge In Import and export
tratllc; not only have Interest, in general,
traffic; not only have Interest rates. In gen
eral, risen, but a market for the sale of now
securities Is now non-existent, while upon
tho reopening of the New York Stork Ex
change foreign holders of American rails aro
likely to flood the market. Higher freight
rates point the obvious way out of this
New "Words in An Old Language
WHEN, in his study of science, a man
achieves something which is new to the
world, it often happens that his name is
attached for all subsequent time to the dis
covery which he makes or the theory which
he formulates. Tho name of Copernicus thus
becomes an adjective in reference to the
Copemlcan theory. Tho name of Darwin ac
quires a sulllx in discussions of Darwinism.
Tho name of Pasteur is perpetuated in a
verb. It is likowi.-o in philosophy, in politics,
in religion, with such terms as Hegeliunism,
LIncoInian statesmanship, Christianity. A
man who makes a great contribution to tho
world's thought and the world's history rep
lescnts some Idea or principle or achievement
which Is so distinctively his own thut perhaps
the language appropriates his namo for its
Sometimes, however, thero Is nothing com
plimentary in this philological recognition
To speak of .1 Machiavellian proposal, for in
stance. Is not to praise either tho proposal
or Machlavelll. The gerrymander Is not Itself
In good repute, though the word has a defi
nite and useful meaning. Another word of
similar origin, one which Is well understood
all over the country and even elsewhere, Is
Penroseism. So much for futuro fame!
True to Their Conventions
THROUGH the hideous led war-mist two
facts stand out plainly:
One fact Is that Great Britain, with sin
cerity that must be conceded, carried out her
written promise, her treaty-plighted word, to
Belgium. She knew there would be a fearful
price to pay, she didn't falter.
Tho other fact is that President Wilson, in
sisting that this country carry out its
solemn promise to Great Britain regard
ing non-discrimination in Panama tolls,
facing honest difference of opinion as to our
basic rights, set an example of international
probity and good faith, of the Anglo-Saxon
regard for tho saeredness of tho spoken anil
written promise, which was a splendid fore
runner of Great Britain's action.
That the two great English-speaking na
tions have declared to the world they are
one in demanding the observance of interna
tional obligations, no matter what the cost,
Is the strongest guarantee that future agree
ments will mean what they say and shall not
bo ''scraps of paper." to be torn and tossed
to tho winds at the cynical caprice of nny
After all. In fairness, it should not be for
gotten that thero was a time when Elsass
and Lothrineen were original Herman
It is not so diflicult to credit those ru
mors of atrocities committed by thus band
of irmans In Belgium. German bands are
famous for their atrocious music.
It Is worth wUtle to swallow a wholesome
pmocrat In order to secure a wholesome Re
publican majority in 1016.
il i Will MI II -' " "
The effect of the decreased Immediate de.
mand for cotton Is not localised in the South.
It affects the welfare of the entire United
States. The buy'a-bae-fcotton movement
will not cure the situation, but every llttlo
In these modern days It seems that H
would be more up-todate for the armies to
Now that the New Tori! police have put
a quietus on that man who was renting
babies to criminals for use at their trials.
he will doubtless complain of it as another
blow at our Infant industries.
Within a year New York city will have
between EO and 60 miles of new subways
ready for operating; within a year Philadel
phia will have to remove about 50 or 60 miles
of red tape and other obstructions between
her and the new subwuja,
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
THE visit to this country of a special Bel
gian Embassy recalls the tlmo spent In the
United States by 1A Hung Chang, Chinese
statesman and admirer of General Grant.
It was his devotion to tho memory of tho
American Goneral which nearly precipitated
International complications between tho then
Celestial Emplro and old Erin. Lt arrived
In New York city nnd, according to the
by-laws of his natlvo land, was not permit
ted to touch his sllk-clnd feet upon heathen
foreign soil. So, wherever ho went, regal
carpets wero lnld, or tho old gentleman was
carried in Sedan chairs.
It was so when ho visited Grant's tomb on
Riverside Drive, New York. Stepping from
his carriage, ho entered n waiting Sedan
chair. Four husky Irish pollccmon stepped
forward, red of face and 111 at ease. For a
moment they hesitated, 0110 or two essayed
to speak, but emotion overcame them. Thoy
grasped tho handles and Now York wit
nessed tho amazing sight of a Chinaman
carried to anything but a patrol wagon by
four Irish policemen!
THERE was yet nnother delegation from a
foreign nation In this country, the three
Boers, who sought aid In their war against
Britain, No sooner had they landed than an
enterprising weekly paper commandeered
them nnd brought them into a special room
In their hotel, whero tho sun was bright,
and had a photographer tako an oven dozen
pictures in various, more or less graceful, at
titudes. And when tho twelvo plates were devel
oped, Just 0110 pair of magnificent coattalls
appeared to view! Tho plates had been
light-struck, and thu delegates wero on
their way homo!
IN THE days when Brooklyn was yet n
municipal entity, David A. Boody was Its
Mayor. Mr. Boody Is a gentleman to his
finger tips, and was completely out of touch
with tho political gang which ruled the City
of Churches. But as a Mayor he was not al
together a success, for the "gang" took
great pleasuro In "putting things over on
him." . S'o It was no wonder that 0110 day
the telephone In his ofllce rang violently
anil an excited voice nt the other end of
the wire Informed tho Mayor that at a cer
tain number in Raymond street thero was
congregated the greatest aggregation of
thieves, cutthroats, burglars and criminals
ever gathered under one roof. Tho Mayor
at onco passed tho news to Chief of Police
Campbell, who sent a wagonload of police
men to the place.
On a dead run the patrol dashed down
Raymond street and drew up--beforo tho
Raymond street Jail!
DURING tho days preceding our own war
with Spain, General Wcyler was nearly
lynched in a newspaper olllce, only ho did not
know It, and It is doubtful whether his
Ignorance has been dispelled even now. It
was at the time when the chromo news
papers were out-yellowing one another to
tho fullest extent of their Ingenuity and
regardless of their financial wounds. The
yellowest of them all conceived the Idea that
It would be a splendid thing if( it could get
Weylcr into the hands of the Cuban Insur
tectos, obtain his last statement, have him
lynched and then photographed. Men were
sent to Cuba to visit tho revolutionists, and
all the arrangements for the kidnapping wero
completed, when the proprietor of the paper
in question backed water, and declined to see
tho "enterprise" through. When pressed for
an explanation, ho gave voice to tho follow
ing cryptic utterance:
"I don't mind being yellow, but I'll be.
dnshed If I want tho world to think that I
STILL, being "purple" Is not nearly so bad
ns being born to the purple without the
needed financial backing, us was tho case or
Krcderlc Lemaltro, the great French actor,
l.emuitre was in debt from the day of his
birth to the day he died not ordinary Indebt
edness, but overwhelming financial obliga
tions. So ho spent most of his waking hours
evolving plans for raising money. And even
now, In Its sparo moments, Paris remembers
A new play was billed. Lemaltre was
tho star. At 7 o'clock In tho evening, an
hour before the curtain was to go up, the
manager received n note from a pawnbroker,
informing him that Lemaltro had pawned
himself for 20,000 francs nnd that thero
would bo no performance unless ho was ro
deomed. Ho was.
Another time Paris was amazed when It
saw Lemaltro driving down tho Bols In a
magnificent equipage, drawn by four white
horses. A friend hailed Jilm from tho side
walk. "Vou aro a fool, Lemaltre, huylng such
an expensive cnrrlage, when you are head
over heols in debt. Why did you do It?"
"I had to," responded Lemaltro, sticking
a torn shoo out of the window. "How the
deuco could I afford to walk the street
looking llko that?"
A SIMILAR character, hut American, was
John Stetson, the Boston theatrical man
ager. One afternoon ho arrived at tho
Tremont Street Theatre and saw a sign
3 P. M,
"Who in blazes Is Sharp? Put Stetson
there,", ho thundered, and no amount of ex.
plunatlon would Induco him to change his
mind. But it was when Baron de Grimm,
the artist, stngod Rider Haggard's "She" for
Stetson, thut the latter broke all grammatical
records. In the play was n line:
"She, who must be obeyed," and Stetson
argued for threo blessed hours that It should
have been "Her, who must bo obeyed."
MRS. ETHEL CAUOHLIN, of Moore's
Flat. Nevada, Is desperately anxious to
resign her olllce, but Uncle Sam has declined
with thanks and so she is still postmlbtress,
a mile from tho nearest habitation, with her
husband a hundred miles away. Tho How
erninent can get no one else to tako the place,
which pays only 110 a month- There must be
some one In chargo of the ofllce, so the pleas
and wails of Mrs. t'aughlin have been un
availing. Now she has induced her bondsmen
to withdraw their security, hoping that thli
move will force her out of an office that
sought the woman and, having gained her.
kept her a Federal prisoner.
The Field of Forty Footstepsaccording to
the legend was a meadow In old London, on
whose site the British Museum now stands.
ir uTia ul.so kmrwn as Southampton Field.
During the Monmouth rebellion two brothers ,
espoused opposite sides and fought a duel I
on the meadow. Both were slam and, accord I
Ing to tho story, 40 footprints wore vlslbto
for many years, for no grass would grow
where tho fratricidal blood had stained the
Oxtail soup Is of olden origin, dating back
to tho Protestant refugees who fled from
Franco after tho revocation of the Edict of
Nantes, In 168S. In tho extremity of want
they bought the tails of oxen from tanners
and made soup therefrom. Accident brought
tho edible to tho attention of an epicure, who
liked tho broth so well that ho proclaimed its
virtues until It became a fushlonablo dish.
Tho tltlo of Prlmo Minister was not
officially conferred, but was given In banter
to Sir Robert AVnlpole. On February 11, 1712,
he said In the Houso of Commons:
"Having Invested mo with 11 kind of mock
dignity nnd styled mo n 'prlmo minister,' tho
Opposition Imputes to mo nn unpardonable
nbuso of tho chimerical authority which they
only created and conferred."
Somewhere between heaven and earth Is
suspended Mohammed's "stepping stone,"
unless the Moslem legend Is lnaccilrntc. Ac
cording to this source, when Mohammed
mounted the beast, Al Borak, on his ascent
to heaven, the stono started to follow him,
whereupon tho prophet laid his hand upon It
and bade It stny whero It was. Hence, to
this day, trtto believers may see It suspended
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
Tlic War Game
French troops check Germans.
German nrmy'checks Russlnns.
Attstrlans checked In Gnllcln,
Sounds llko tho buggage room of a rail
We'll Leave This Entirely to Our Readers
Correspondent, writing on a letterhead of
the mentnl detention room of a local hos
pital, asks whether tho following could bo
called a "poem":
"Glvo credit whom It duo Is
To tho whiskers of Ham Lowls."
We would NOT cnll It a poem; what wo
really think of It shall go down Into the dark
and dank gravo with our mortal remnants.
Wonder What Was Meant
"The only homes I want nro Paris and
"Well, you'd better make tho most of
Wish Wc Knew a Caption Harrowing Enough
To Do Justice to This!
Somo parents think an heir a crying need.
And that's tho way ho usually turns out.
From the News Columns
The fall brldo Is a wondrous thing
Of furbelows and lnces,
As pretty as the new blown rose
Tho wedding page she graces.
Tho bridegroom doesn't count nt all;
The future, glum ho faces;
An ordinary mortal, he,
On checks, his name ho places.
Honest, This Really Happened
We walked Into a barber shop to have our
luxuriant curls denatured, dlmlnuted, sliiKcd,
massaged and otherwise maltreated. Tho
barber went to work with a will and scissors.
He clipped and combed nnd clipped. Uo
spoke not. Then he brushed off the expur
gated hair, combed what remained, took oft
the towel about our swan-like neck; we paid
him nnd walked out. Strange? Most as
suredly,, for he never even once, much less
of tener, 'raised a mirror behind us und asked
whether or no the cut suited our acsthctlo
News Notes From The Aquarium
"Principal Fish About to Resign." Wor
cester, Mass., Gazette.
Tn The Sanctum
"Have you a consulting editor?"
"No, an ofllco boy."
"What happened to Babylon?" nsked tho
teacher of her Brooklyn class.
"It fell!" cried tho pupil.
"And what became of Nineveh?'
"It was destroyed."
"And what of Tyre?"
Western Visitor (accosting citizen Can
you tell mo a. good place to stop nt?
Citizen Certainly! .lust beforo the "at."
Good day, sir. Boston Transcript.
"Have you had nny oxperlenco in tho
"Oh, yes, sir: I was for ten years with a
furniture van." Baltimore American.
"Yes, I may wy I have an Ideal hus
band," "An Apollo for looks, a Chesterfield for
manners," rhapsodized the girl.
"Those things don't count in husbands,
my dear. Mine stays fairly sober and brings
most of his salary home." Pittsburgh Post.
"K. 1' Shaw, now Clilnefo Minister, arrives with
ne chlldrtin nml a retinue nt twcnty.seven."
Poor Persia mourns her awful loss,
The Shah no longor rules as boss.
He's In this land, wo reinl. bcciuibu
(And here for rhymes wo'ro foicod to pause)
Ho loprcsonts tho land of Hen von
Of family uind servants) there nro U".
Hurrah for China and its Shah,
Who of flvo chlldien is tho pa!
rronoum-o to rhymo with "boss."
Mr. McNnb itn urchin) What's tho mat
Urchin I'vo lost my 'nponny!
Mr. McNab Ayo, dlnun grieve. Here's n
match to find it. London Opinion,
"What it tho scientific namo of the small
creature who Is ruining your fruit thin
year?" asked Mrs. Dobbs.
"It has no scientific immo," replied Mrs,
Blobbs. "Hut it is vulgarly known as Jimmy
Dobbs." Washington Hlar.
THE OI.H FLAG
Ily H. C. Runner
Off with your hat ns tho (Ing goes by,
And lot the heart have Its say!
You're muii enough for a tear In your eye
That you will not wipe away,
You'ro man enough for a thrill that gees
'fo your very linger tljia.
Aye. tho lump Just then In your thrgat that
Spoke maro than your parted lips.
Lift up the boy on your shouhlor. high,
And show ulrn tho faded shred,.
Those stripes would be red as the sunset sky
If death could have dyed them red,
The man that bore It with death has lain
These twenty years nnd more,
lie died thut the work should not he in vain
Qf tho man who bore it before.
The man that bears it is bent nnd old
And ragged his beard and gray.
But look at his eyo tiro young nnd hold
At the tuno that he hears them pluy.
The old tune thunders through all the air
And strikes right into the heart.
If It ever calls for you. boy, be there
Bo there and ready to start.
Off with your hat as tho flag goes byl
Uncover the youngster's head"
Teach him to hold It holy and high,
For the eak of the sacred dead,
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
WHEN I rend n few days ago that two
lots of tho Gtrnrd Estate In tho vicinity
of Third and Porter streets had just been
sold by tho city for more than $34,000, It
Instantly occurred to mo that that was only
a llttlo less than a third of tho total valuo of
the realty owned by Qlrard In old Passyunk
township nt tho tlmo of his death.
Glrnrd was one of tho first men here to
rcallzo tho worth of realty as an Investment.
Thero had boon land speculators before him
in tho field, of course, but ho was cautious
and, unlike Nicholson, who, at ono time, had
an ownership In about one-sixth of tho State,
Glrard, for tho great part, had his holdings
in Philadelphia. His ventures outside In
cluded his coal lands In Pennsylvania, which
nro still very profitable, and other land In
He left to tho city for the support of his
wonderful college for orphan boys somo of
tho most valuable land In tho central part
of tho city. It Is true that pieces of this
property, owing to tho chnnges of business
centres, are not now so profitable ns they
once wero, yet those properties In tho neigh
borhood of tho river, ns Glrard understood,
never can cease to bo of valuo so long ns
wo havo any commerce at all.
WHEN Glrard tiled ho was tho richest
man In this country. Tho Inventory filed
by his executors showed that his totnl prop
erty, real and personal and he had a great
deal of both was valued, In 1832, nt more
Wo havo become so accustomed to tho
millionaire In our day and, in our conversa
tions nt least, aro oven now lllrtlng with
billions, that wo do not realize what $6,000,000
meant In 1832.
Thero wn3 no other man In the United
States at that tlmo who could hold rank
anywhere near Glrard In tho point of wealth.
The lmmenso fortunes with which wo aro
so familiar aro of much fatcr date; they
aro even of our own times, when tho work of
exploiting tho resources of tho country
GIRARD'S fortune was pllod up labori
ously and Blowly. It was not specula
tive, In tho modern sense of tho word. He
was a keen buyer; ho know values, whether
It was of wines, which he Imported by the
shipload and bottled nnd sold, or of real
estate, which ho bought and rented. Ho was
constantly Importuned to tako stock in the
various now enterprises of his time, but
where ho merely desired to oblige tho seller,
ho bought but a few shares. It Is evident
that he regarded these aB contributions and
For Instance we find his executors enter
ing one share each in Lo Courrler des Etats
Unls, the French newspaper; In tho Do
mestic Society, In tho Susquehanna and
Lehigh turnpike and In tho Downlngtown
nnd Eplirata turnpike, but thoy did not plnco
any valuo opposite them. These were not
regarded as Investments by a man llko
Glrard, but wo do find him owning 2200 1
shares In tho Schuylkill Navigation Com
pany, nnd these were valued in 1832 at
$2G4,000. Ho held nearly a million In Penn
sylvania 5 per cents, and $113,500 In City 5
Ills coal lands, which consisted of nearly
30,000 acres In Schuylkill County, wero
valued at ?17G,24G at the time of tho inven
tory. Now thoy return a profit of more than
that every year.
His Philadelphia holdings wero listed at
$1,180,031, and no other man owned so
much nt that time. The Glrard Estnto has
now threo buildings worth more than that
amount, to say nothing of the college Itself.
A LTHOUGH Glrard's holdings In tho sotith
XX cm part of the city contained consider
able acreage, and ono of his parcels of land
In Passyunk township contained his "plan
tation" or country placo, thoy wero valued
at less than $112,000. I should not llko to
venture upon an estimate of their value to
day, for on tho site of part of his plantation
rows of houses of the most modern charac
ter havo been erected and rented. And still
there Is more land to be Improved.
Threo buildings, now covered by tho Mar
iner and Merchant Building, at Third nnd
Chestnut, were rented In IS32 nt $1605, $1S0,")
and $160." respectively a year. Ho had a
dairy farm In Moynmenslng district that
rented for $000 a year, and a whnlo row of
dwellings on Falrmount avenue, tlion Contes
street, that wero rented for $257.50 a year
For the old Dunlnp house, nt tho south
east corner of Twelfth and Market streets,
Glrard received $708 a year. This was re
garded as a large rent for that locality in
thoso days, but I think any person would bo
willing to glvo a good many times that
amount for such 11 corner now.
From all his city properties Glrard re
ceived only u little more than $40,000 a year
In rentals, and he was tho richest man in
tho United States In his day.
BY that st range perversity of human nn
tute that sometimes affects men of great
ness, Glrard desired to bo remembered as
a mariner Instead of a merchant, although
as the latter ho Is, of course, better recalled.
It may not bo known that Booth's greatest
ambition was to be a comedian, yet It Is as
a tragedian that ho became famous. On the
other hand, his brother-in-law. John S.
Clarke, who was a comedian of tho buffo
type, believed ho had failed in life becauso
the woild would not accept him as a trage
dian. Napoleon at first desired tn nchlevo
fume us a novelist, but If ho did not achieve
that position, ho succeeded In providing ut
mosphcro for countless pieces of fiction.
I feel suro that Phlladelphiniis are likely
to forget the mariner in Qlrard in the great
ness und far-Mghtedne&s of the man of bus
The Emperor of China assumed terrific
obligations. Among them was the absoluto
guarantee- that he would make the sun conio
tip each morning.
It Is not a matter of record that tho sun
over failed to put in appearance. But therein
Res the reason for the immeasurable faith
which the people of tho land put In their
ruler. To them ho was an earth-God.
Some folk think that the profound re
spect which Is paid a big man is born solely
of the superior ability he possesses. Ho can
do things that I cannot do. He can sway a
mob, whereas i lack the power to change tho
mind of a single individual Hence ho is
well entitled to my reverence.
I have Just read an intensely interesting
account of one of tho country's stiongest
public men. It was not proven therein that
he possessed exceptional ability.
But it was proven that ho never broke his
And that Is exactly what earned for the
ancient Chinese rulers the terrible fear and
worshipful respect existing among their sub
jects. Among ua are innumerable corrupt men
Tvbn nAAtimn Iaa.IbmViIm it. -..t.ii. ti. 1
folks view their ascendency with fears .
to what tho world Is really coming to. Searrt
far enough nnd yod'H find tho reason fi
their power. ,or
In tho obituary of most ovcry unprlncltiki
mnn of powor you will find a hackneyed iS
never broke a promise." "
Perhaps ho only made a few. But It,,
number does not count. If the old Chine.!
Emporor had only guaranteed tho dally an
pearnnce of Iho nun nnd nothing more, tha
would havo been qulto sufficient in k
him on tho pedestal of reverence and fear
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin.
ion on Subjects Important lo City '
State ami Nation.
To iho Editor 0 the Kvtnlno Ledger!
Sir As nn Independent Republican, Inter,
osted In having honest men elected to ofllc
and the standard of my party restored In Penn.
sylvnnla, I am writing to commend your onno.
sltlon to Penroseism. By so doing, through tht
agency of your excellent paper you render a
great servlco to tho citizens of our State Th
nntl-Pcnroso sentiment Is very strong through
hero In Westmoreland County, and only by th
elimination of Penroseism can our party Uonl
to return to Its onco high standard.
,.. . s- OVERHOLT.
Mt. Pleasant, Pa., September IB, 1014,
INTERESTS OF PEOPLE THROTTLED
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Permit me, ns a reader of your publlca.
tlons, to express my observations of tho scntl.
ment of the peoplo of this community,
Tho non-partisan Judiciary and the uniform
primary acts nro rupldly educating the ncopl
In favor of Independent political nctlon nnd
non-partisan voting. You will recollect that
tho latter act provides that a voter Is entitled
to a party ballot where ho has voted for
majority of the candidates of that party nt the
preceding election. These acts enn linvc no
other effect than to place the best Interests of
the Stato and county beforo the peoplo at
Tho Interests of tho pooplo of Pennsylvania
arc throttled by tho fact that almost nit our
largo dally papers nro controlled by politicians
that are Inimical to tho good government of
our state anu counties. ...
DON G. CORBETT.
Clarion, Pa September 15, 1914.
THE FUNCTION OF A NEWSPAPER
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Tho truo function of a newspaper Is scrv.
Ice to tho public. I believe that you are sincere
In your opposition to Mr. Penrose, and I bellee
that the forceful edltoilals which have appeared
In tho Evening Ledger, nnd those which I bo
llevo Bhall come, will contribute to a marked
degree In bringing about bis defeat In Novem
ber. Keep up this service! W. II. K.
Philadelphia, September 16, 1814.
FROM A JOURNALIST
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Being a former newspaperman, I feel
Impelled to write you my congratulations after
carefully watching your issues for tho first threa
days of publication. Tho physical nppearanct
of tho paper commends Itself, It seems to me,
above everything else. Tho news is presented
not so that tho reader may read, but so that ho
To catch tho eye of tho reader immediately
Is ono thing demanded from an afternoon
paper. This you havo been able to do. The
generous use of pictures, which seems to be
your policy, almost needs no comment. Pictures
to most persons convey a moro lasting Imprct
slon than almost anything they read, and when
the public see the pictures, the paper tWII It
theirs. A FRIEND.
Philadelphia, September 16, 1014.
FRANKLIN'S FIRST NEWSPAPER
To tlic Editor of tho Evening Ledger:
Sir Philadelphia is a veritable treasure city
for iellcs of early American literature. Any
one not afraid bo may meet the ghost of one
of the Illdgway family con see in tho great
library down Eroad street original Issues of
the press hero, llko Bradford's Mercury (our
llrst newspaper), Franklin's Goneral Magazlm,
and many more. A librarian's card on one of
the old-time publications reads something like
"This Is the first number of Ben Franklin's
newspaper. It bhows that tho newspapors of
early times were just as modest as they an
That cnid Is misleading, for tho old-tlms
publication 13 the ftist number of Samuel
Relmei's paper, the Unlvorsnl Instructor of
All Arts nnd Sciences nnd Pennsylvania Ga
zette. This paper came out on December 21
1";S, and ran for three-quarters of a year, and
was sold to Franklin & Meredith for a small
sum about Aimust, 172K. Franklin cut off the
"Universal Instiuctor" lino of the hendlng and
called the puper simply tho Pennsylvania
SAMUEL W. IIOSKING.
1123 Parrlsh St., Philadelphia. Sept. 18, Wit
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
The pleasing Information comes from Wash
Ington that tho "pork" hunting Senators haie
liwn rennlHPii. nml that tho S03.000.000 river and
haibnr bill will bo red u cud, piobably as much 1
as one-half, by cutting out of It all "question
able" Items, both new and old. President Wil
son has apparently once morn proved lilmeslf
a much neuter politician than he has been com
monly ciedlted ulth being. Ho doe not dwell
In that atmosplieio of academic aloofness from
cnuim in things that boiiio havo hastily belleud
him to. It's "good politics" light now to cut
the padding out of all public payrolls. The
people me aroused as never before to the ex-leM-ivn
coht of a lot of what hn passed for
"government" In this country. Chicago Herald.
In fighting nsalnst tho rivers nml harbors
bill nH it cnuio to tho Senate, the filibusters,
although they aru Republicans, have really
been doing valiant service for the Democrat!.
Nothing would have constituted such a vul
nerable point of attack against tho dominant
paity In this fall's campaign ns un old-fash-inned
rivers ami haibors bill New York Even
If Senator Iluiton nnd those acting with him
can defeat tho ilveis and harbors bill or fores
a heavy icductlon of the appropriation, iney
will lender a great service to the country
ami also to tho Democratic party. Indianapo
lis News. .
If Piealdent Wilson Is to become "the watch
dog of the Tieasuiy" he will find a goud den
of watching necessary. Washington Star.
The Primaries a Vain IIopo
Vroni ilia Milwaukee Sentinel.
Ono beneficent feature of tho direct primary
Is that it closes an argument. If Itogfr c.
Sullivan wero the nominee of a Demoeratw
Stato convention n piotest would mount to w
Miles from Motiopolls to Helvidero against suc
betmjul of tho plain people. In this ca.e- ni
plain people stem to have (lone It cnln
TiibuiiB. ., .,.h..
No doubt. Hut "close an nrgument! ne
did n illiect primary ever closo un rGuine", ,
Wisconsin has bail much opurience In tn
line. Tho hum or it Is that tho very peoP"
who Invented the direct primary as thu one war
to secure an unarguable verdict aro nlwa w
veiy ones to go on arguing and IticMnB an
trying to upset tho verdict every time it S""
against thorn. They are doing it now-
"Intelligent and Forcible"
I'rom Went Chester (fa.) Dally Local News.
Two Issues of the Evening ledger uf 1
deluhla have appeared, and in all u ""'
Icatuies it demonstrates that skilled new MP"
talent is employed In Its making of nu ".
newspaper for the people. Its 16 ! """
all thu iitwa of tho world that is woiili '"A
and its every department. notabl those '"
homo circle, the ladles, the spurting o'' .
carefully considered with much elaborateness
detail. . . .-,1, -pnt.
Editorially the Evening Ledger Is Intern.
forcible. Independent and educatlonul.
WAR AND THE ROYAL INVOCATION
Illume not the Christian faith fur this W"
Christ never bpoke a word that maiU It ngn
To murder men iu bitter bate
4n.t ..r a. sun-lit world to darkest n'Sn
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