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THE CATHEDRALS OF LOUVAIN WERE NOT SPARED BY THE TORCH AND SHELL OF THE GERMANS TACITURN LEADERS DIRECT OPERATIONS OF BRITISH FORCES Kitchener, French and Douglas Are Too Silent and Reserved to be Popu lar Idols. WORLD TO PATTERN GERMAN CULTURE, SAYS NOTED WRITER DEEDS OF DARING. ROMANCE AND COMEDY FROM WAR ZONE By P. M. SABLE LONDON, Sept. 22. A striking point about the men who aro In command of England's nrmlps during the present war is that the majority of thfin aro of the Bllent and "unpopular" type. Not per sonally unpopular, of course, but not of popularity seekers. They are all "Kitch ener's men," and Kitchener does not ap prove of advertisement or Rarrullty. "K. of K." himself Is a calculating machine and pays not the slightest attention to popular approval or disapproval. Whro another roan would explain a temporarily unpopular scheme, Kitchener disdains to do so and pursues the nen tenor of his way without regord for anybody's feel ings or any consideration. He Is not loved, but he is respected by everybody, vL hlR appointment to tho War Secre taryship wa3 hailed with a general sigh of relief. Even his machlne-llko "mailed fist" ar rangements for the military part of KlnS Georse'a coronation only made people nay "Curse the brute, ho mlffht be deal ing with .Russians," but it didn't stop them admlrinff him. They appreciated tha fact that ho was merely maklnff a thorough job of It, and thnt for business purposes, spectators had no rlRhts at all. FRENCH NOT ODSIAL Field Marshal Sir John D. P. Trench, commander In chief of the BrttUh expe ditionary force. Is another quiet man. Sometimes the publlo professes a real af fection for "Jack" French, but always Tvlshes he -aould show a little of the geniality of "Bobs" (Earl Roberts!, the late Generals Duller and "Back-acher" Gatacre. When crowd3 waiting outsid the AVar Offlre rheered him. French looked surprised and annoyed. Cheers had no part in his thoughts, and he glared at his admirers in a manner that suggested he was considering th9 advis ability of calling a Hquadron of cavalry Jo clear the streets. It was as a cavalry loader that French made his name, though h was originally destined for the navy. In which service he remained four yean. His exploits In trm Eiryptlan and Bouth African wars marked him out as perhaps th moat dashing ca-alry leader In Europe. Prac tically tha last man out of Ladvsmtth before the Boers bottled up the late Sir George 'White. French got most of his cavalry division awav, realizing tnat mounted men were of no use in a be sieged town, and It was he aluno who stemmed the tide of the British dUaster nfter the "black week" of December, 1S33. Gatacre's defeat at fitormberg would have btn an absvlutu lout hut for French's cavalry, and whl! vry Brit ish general was loslmj hard-earned repu tations French was Ferenely dashing along the Orange Free State frontier, checking pursuers and raiders and gen erally giving th enemy caus to "tMnk furlouslv." He gained for the British troops breathing space while Robert was getting his army Into shape, and his brilliant dash culminating In the re. )ief of Kinber!o marked the turning roint of the war, DOUGLAS A POCR SCOT. French's cavalry It was who rounded up Cronjo at Paardeberg'. enabling Kitch ener to bring up his guns and infantry to smash the Boer general, and It was French who rushed his advance guards into nioemfontrin. Pretoria and Barber ton before the Boors wore aware of his proximity. Jn the big sweeping up" scheme by which Kitchener ended the Iwur, French was tireless and his cavalry nppearod to be everywhere at once. A small, taciturn man with u bullet head, be ii frequently passed unrecognized by would-be admirers- He resigned the post of Chief of the Imperial General Staff as the result of h famouB "Qomjh, Memorandum" during the Ulster crisis, but at the request of King George ho took over his former job of inspector general at the outbreak of the war. General Sir Charles W. Jl Douglas. Chief of the Imperial General staff. Is lit tle known to the public A dour Scotch soldier, he participated In Roberts' fa mous march to Candahar, and served with distinction in India, Kgypt and b'outh Africa. In the last Boer war he wai on the staff and so did little of the show) work, but his list of "mentioned In dispatches" rarely has b?en excelled. Douglas would be m!ghtll istonuhed if ativbody cheered him. and he would prob ably consider It on Impertinence. Any way hl Is not one of the faces that dec orate picture postcards and not one In a thousand would ic9tuiz bis photo K Ifcty tc saw 1C ,f , Gerhardt Hauptmann Praises Germany and At tacks England for Calling Japan to "Bite at Europe's Heel." By GERHtART HAUPTMANN German port and dramattst, utnntr 0 flif Sobd pru tor literature in isil and author of "Vie Veriunkene (llorkt," "Die tlb'r." "Klgo," ami otJier jivMlcattaits. NHW YORK, Hept. :;. Wc are an eminently peaceable nation. The shallow Parisian feuilletonist Berg son may call us barbarians as much as he please". The great poet and deluded gallomanlac Maeterlinck may Impose upon us similar nice titles after having called us the "conscience of Kurope " The world knows that we are an old civilized nation. Nowhere I? the idea of cosmopolitism rooted deeper than with ur. Look at our literature of translations and name me a nation which Is trying Just as hard as we to render justice to the spirit and the originality of other nations to as to thoroughly understand their soul. Did not Maeterlinck win mobt of his glory and his money with us? For a parlor phllosophaster like Berp'on, of course, there Is no room In tho country of Kant and Schopenhauer. 1 "ay It frankly. We havo and we had no hatred against France, w have idol ized tho plastic art, sculpture, pictorial art and the literature of that country. For the worldwide, recognition of Rodin the way was paved In Germany. We ad mire Anatole rVance. Manpa.ant, Flau bert Hnd Balzac are read in Germany like German authors. tVe feel a deep affection for the national life of southern France Enthusiastic admirers of Mistral ran be found even In small German cities among tio poorer population. SHOULD BE FRIENDS. It Ih to be greatly regrettd that Gr manv and France could wt be political friends They should have been, since try are the administrators of the Con tinental productions of the mind and since they are the two great thorough cultured European master nations. Fate, however, wanted It different. In tho year 1570 the Gorman tribes through fighting obtained for themselves the Ger man unity and the German Empire, Thss achievements guaranteed to our nation an epoch of peace for more than A0 years, a tlmo of budding, of growing, of strengthening, of thriving, of fruit bearing unparalleled Out of a population becoming more and more numerous there arose more and more numerous individualities. In dividual energy nnd general elasticity created the great achievements of our industry, of our commerce and of our transportation systems. I do not be lieve that an Amerlran, English, French or Italian traveler ever believed himself among barbarians while visiting German families, German cities, German hotels, German ships, German concerts. Gor man t.ieatrea, Beyr'Uth. German llbiaries 01 German museums We havo traveled in other countries and wo havo aluaa welcomed uny stranger. Of course, our geographical situation, with thieatening Powers In the East and West, compelled US to look out for the s tffty of our house For this reason, and for this reason only, our army and our nvy were organized. Into this or ganization the cunent of German Indus tiy, efficiency and inventive pnuer was directed to a great extent. At the pres ent time we know better than we have ever konwn before that this measure was a very necessary one. But Kaiser Wllhelm, supreme KrlegB lierr of the Empire, did love the peace from th very bottom of his soul and did keep the peace Our well-trained army was established for no other purpose Ihun for defense. We wanted to bo pre pared against threatening assaults I repeat, the German nation, the German princes, Kaiser Wllhelm, all of them, had no other thougnt In maintaining the army tnd navy than to safeguard the beehive of the Empire, the industrious, rich ae tivlty of peace. HOPED TO KEEP PEACE. Without being boast(ul. simply express ing my deepest conviction, I say that It always has been a favorite idea of the Kaiser, to which he clung with heartftlt enthusiasm, to keep to the end the blessed epoch of his Administration one of abso lute peace. It is not his, not our, fault that it turned out different. The war In which we are engaged and which was forced upon us Is a war of aefense. Vhoevcr would dispute tiiM fact would have to do so against his better knowledge- Look at the enemy on the eastern, on the northern, on the nesiera frontier Our blood fraternity with Austria mean for both countries notnina its than se,f-preservation That the sword was forced Into our hand can be plainly sesn from the dispatches ox chauzed between the Emperor and the Czar and between th,e Emperor B.n,d, th,e. Tho "highest" man (so German papers say) to enlist In the Gcrmnu army was the mountain guide, Glntz, stationed at the Zugspltze In southern Bavaria, 072.) feet above the sea, who, when the sum mons to join his regiment came to him, telephoned: "Is schon recht, I Klmm glel'" (It's nil right, I'll bo down soon), rnd In five hours hurried down into the valley from the highest summit In the German empire. How a black cat saw the Britl'h fleet sink several German German warships on Heligoland Is told In a letter from Alfred Bishop, who was In the light. The cat Is tho mascot of one of the British cruisers and was on deck through out the engagement. Sho is Immensely popular now and in danger of becoming spoiled, "Our dear little, black, lucky kitten sat under our foremost gun during tho wholo of the battle and wasn't fright ened at nil, only when we first stnrted firing. But nfterward she sat and licked herself. Wo all kissed her aftorwards," wiltes Bishop, King of England by everybody who cares for nn understanding and not for a de lusion. Of course, now we havo taken up tho sword and now we are not going to lny it down until before God and men we hnvo nroved our holv tlcht. Who was It that did conspire to bring about this war? Who even whistled for the Mongollnn, for the Jap, that he should come to viciously and cowardly bite at Europe's heel? Doubtless our enemies, who, surrounded by hordes of Cosacks, claim to fight for European civilization It Is with great pain and bitterness that I pronounce the word "England." I belong to those barbarans upon whom the English University of Oxford bo stowed th degree of doctor honoris causa. I havo friends in Englnnd who with one foot are standing on the In tellectual soil of Germany. Haldano, former English Minister of War, and with him numerous Englishmen under took regular pilgrimages to tho small 1 barbarian city of Weimar, where tho ' barbarians Goethe, Schiller, Herder, Wlcland and others have exerted them- I selvs for the humanity of tho whole I world. .BLOOD TIES OF RULERS, We havo a German poet whoso dramas hnvo become national property as the dramas of no other German poet. Hli name is William Shakespeare, tho same Shakespeare who is England's prince of poets. The mother of our Emperor is nn English woman, the wife of tho King of England a German. And yot this congeneric.)! and congenial nation has sent the declaration of war Into our house. Why? Heaven only may know. But this much Is certain tho sangui ttuous world concert now raging on the European Continent has an English diplo mat as Impresario and conductor. The question Is whether the finale of this horrible music still will seo the same conductor. "My cousin, thou didst not mean well, neither with thyself nor with us, when thy tools threw murder and arin Into our huts" While I nm writ ing these wordH the day of the solar cllpse ha passed. The Gel man army has defeated betwten Metz and the Vosges eight French army corps and driven them into flight. Every German in hus native country feels it had to come this way. Our Jealous enemies forged an Iron ring around our breast and we knew our breast had to expand, that it hod to spilt asunder this ring, or else we had to cease breathing. But Germany will not cease to breathe, and so it camo to pass that tho iron ring was forced apart. We rather want to and will keep on being German barbarians, who consider the women and children of our enemies sacred I am In a position to assure Mr Ma.tei Jinck that we will never stoop so Ion as to torture and slaughter, like cow ards, Belgian Kirla, women or rhtldren. As said before, on frontiers our off spring is standing, the Socialist elbow to elbow with the bourgeois, the peasant shoulder to shoulder with the scientist, the prince and tho laborer side by side, all fighting for German liberty, German home life, German art, German science German progrere; fighting In full and clear consciousness for a noble and rich national treasure for all wo call our own for our material and spiritual posses sions wnlch arn furthering the general progress and ascent of humanity. NOTES OF THE RAIL Mrectors of the. Texas Corporation of the Kansas r'ity, Mexico and Orient Hall, road have decided to make application to the Texas Railroad Commission for authority to issue l,t!X,o of bonds on the division of that lino between Alpine and Ulrvin The lssu win be based on a valuation of tl6.(X per mile Chicago, Burlington and Quincy has put 21 miles of automatic block signals In service near Akron, Col. Jelllco Coal and Railroad has been organized Ht Chattanooga, Tenn. The company will build a railroad from Pine Knot, Ky , southwest to JeJlico. about Jl miles. Construction work will be started In October, it is understood. Jefferson and Northwestern has under consideration the question of building a combined passenger and freight station at Jefferson, Tex. Sydney J Clifford, head bookkeeper and statistician of the Boston and Maine Rail road, will leave the employ of that raIN road on October J, to become accountant for the Interstate Commerce Commission SEWER GAS SHAKES GOTHAM Naval Bombardmont Could Not Have Startled Folk More. NEW TORIC, Sept. 22.-If e. battle fleet in the bay had been bombarding j New York, It could have caused little more alarm than did tho crash of ex plosions, the flying of missiles and the falling of wounded men In the district bounded by 42d street, 43d street, Iex ington nvenue and East Itlvor. Many In tho throngs upon tho strcot thought that firing was actually going on. But It was only tho explosion of sewer gases. The missiles were pieces of asphalt pavement and manhole covers. Eight persons wero struck and In jured. Forty covers wero blown uf Hundreds of windows were shattered. There was alarm among the patients of two hospitals as hugo pieces of steel crashed through the panes. A street car was hit by a manhole cover nnd every window broken. Traffic on tho 42d street line waB tied up. PORT OF PHILADELPHIA Sun nnd Tides Run rl'ff.... i.4T a m I Sun eta.... 0.00p.m. PHILADELPHIA. HiKh water. 3-12 a.m. I JIlKh water. 3'35 p.m. lw water. .10:S4 a.m. I lw water. .10 87 p.m. JIBBDY ISLAND. HlKht water.lSiOl a.m. I High water. 12:24 pm. Iw rwater.. il:42 a.m. I Iiw water.. T:l.i.m. HIIEAK WATER. HlKh water. t 44 a.m I High water. 10:10 p.m. fxivv nter . .'1.17 a-m. how water.. 3 51 p.m. Vessels Arriving Today TeeMale (Jlr.), Port du Palx, logwood, dock ed at Chester lowan, Hllo, Honolulu, via Iannma Canal, sumr. W, l Hagr & fion. Sailing Today Sir. Isl of Jura (Ur ), Dixon. Havana. Mun eon Steamship Line. Ptr. Catherine Ouneo (Nor.), Roraneen, Port 'Antonla via Harscoa. Cuneo Importing Com pany. Sir. Grecian. Page. Boston, Merchants and Mtnera' Transportation Company. Htr. l'rlcason, Wlllla, Baltimore. Krksson Line. Steamships to Arrive PASSENOER. Name. From. Data. Moncollan Glaarow Bflpt. 16 Btampalla Genoa Bpt. 15 Dominion Liverpool Sept. 10 FIIEIQHT. Pity of Durham Calcutta Sept. 1 Zulderdk .,., Itotter'un ,. ..Sept. 13 Amsteldrk Rotterdam ,...Hept. IS Maine ..London Sept. 0 Stan I'olnt. .......... nnnon fept. 13 Man Mariner.. Mancheater ,...Hept. 10 nepi. j-t .Huelvn ,. ABROGATE GRAIN CONTRACTS NEW YORK. Sept. 22 -American grain exporters have obtained the consent of German buvtru to the abrogation of con tracts In consideration of payment to German brokers of the 1 per cent com mission that would have been due them If the contractu had been carried out These developments are the outcome of the transportation difficulties in regard to ocean traffic, resulting from the Eu' ran Aania .......... Sturmfela Calcutta Rept canadla Stavanc er . . . Kept . 13 Htathcote Gl'e IVy, Nil. Sept. 18 Zrentcrgen ' ardlff . .. Sept. IH Rapldan '1,h .Sept. 1M California Copenhagen ,...(X-t, .. Steamships to Leave FAS8E.NC1ER, Name. For. Date. Carthaginian Glaajow B.pt. 39 Dominion Liverpool Oct. 3 Stampalla Naplea Oct. 8 FREIGHT. Uranlenbor Copenhagen . . . Sept. . Man. Exchange Mancheater. Sept. - Maine London gP. 28 Zuldrdyk Rotterdam . ...facpt. 29 Danla Copenhagen ..PejJt.21 Vert I'nlnt ,., I,ondon Sept jn t"anadU Chrleilanla, . ..Oct. 3 California Copenhagen ....Oct. PORT OF NEW YORK VESSEL3 ARRIVING TODAY. Name. From. Sailed. Zeelanl Liverpool Sept. 11 I'rlnclpello Rotterdam Sept. !) America Naples Rept. to Steamships to Arrive DUH TODAY. Name From. Sallo.1. Chleago Havre Spt. 14 Antilles 2,no. American Rotterdam .. .Sept. S Virginia ... .Bordeaux .... aept. d DUE TOMORROW, Name From. Sailed. Olvroplo Liverpool .... Sept Id New York . . Liverpool ,, -gPt. 10 liilcagu .Havre 8eW.ll FREIGHTS AND CHARTERS A itead) demand prevail in the di-amihip market with unl a limited amount of bual nesi being transacted, duq to moderate offer tnga of tonoag. Rates are Arm. Itatea ara low and buelnoia dull In sailing trades STEAM EH IPS. Wlnlalon IBr.j, Atlantlo Rang to United Kingdom ur French Atlantic porta, grain, pri vate terma, September and October. Oakland Grange (Br . earn. Polatad 1 Nor. I, Philadelphia to Scandinavian ptirta. reflntd petroleum. 18,000 barrel, pri vate terma prompt. tiamln 'Dan ), New York to Malta, refined petroleum lOOQOo caa, LS centa, September and October. i'letro iltal). 3429 tons, Baltimore to Na plea, .favooa or Leghorn, coal, private terma, PThyrU Menler Br . 7W tone. Norfolk to Chandler. Quebec, coal, prlva terma. prompt Meridian (Dr.). ZHH ton. Colon to Phila delphia, acrap Iron, private Urmi, September and October. VltalU (Nor.). TO tons, araa, Hiorn (Nor.. TOO ton. Jamaica to New Tork or Htamford, logwood, private terms, promrt. 6THOONBRS. Flora A Kimball, 821 tona. Philadelphia 10 Naaaau, ccal 12 SO. Barnard if. Blake. Port Heading to Camden, Me . coal. W cents. Edward K. Balrd. Jr.. Barren Island to Phil adelphia, tankax. II. net. thence Lwa. Del., lo Charleston nah acrap, K net. and back to New Vurk, kiln dricJ Ivarda, irlvatc Una. GREAT DISTANCES HAMPER RUSSIA'S WAR OPERATIONS French Military Writer Points Out Disadvantages Under Which the Czar's Military Machine Must Labor. In one of the French military publi cations, under dato of July 80, last, there appears on article written by an officer of tho French army, in which the officer calls attention to the slowness of Russian mobilization and asks hla countrymen to remember that, in the event of trouble, which has since como to France, they ennnot expect any great holp from Russia until two or three weeks nfter the com pletion of the Russian mobilization. This now has been largely completed, recent news dispatches show. The French officer says it probably would tako a month to mobilize, and, with tho tlmo It takes to get under way after mobilization Is accomplished, his ligures would Indicate that from six, to seven weeks might bo necessary beforo Russia could be ready for action, following a dec laration of war. The -writer points out, however, that the army of the Czar has boen reorganized nnd that there Is rea son to believe It will give a fine account of Itself when It goes Into battle. The ar ticle as translated from the French fol lows : "Inasmuch ns there Is a just and sin cere understanding between Franco and Russia, It Is only natural that the French should want to know Just what aid they could expect In tho event of an Invasion of their country. What tho French desire to know Is that their pence union Is di rected to guaruntee the peace of Hurope. They desire to proclnlm this especially be cause of tho fact that a great empire Is every day strengthening its offensive forces, thus affirming its ambition for su premacy. Then thu eminence of a crisis and a violent climax causes each country to hasten to bo on the alert, for It is most Important to be the most robust and In a position to bo the first to attack. "Franco knows little or nothing of the military forces of Russia, which, so far as the French are concerned, are personi fied In the Cossacks of 1812 nnd 1810, Just as in 1870 the Uhlans represented the Prussian nrmy. It is Interesting, there fore, to study with entire frankness the military forces which we salute as allies. COUNTRY OF GRISAT DISTANCES. "This colossal country (Russia), which measures In area 5,600.000 kilometers (about 3,400,000 miles) square can only be understood in regard to its armed forces by statistics, the character of its people, and the multiple demands necessary for Its safety. Before 1311 Russia Ignoted regional recruitment, and, to pay nothing of the chagrin of the Russo-Japanese con flict, ono could easily imagine tho condi tions of 1870, with the sluggish advances and the confusion and defeat of divisions of reservists. Instead of recruiting a united army they then called the re servists In numberless groups under great hardships and from enormous distances. Once assembled, officers were charged with the duty of teaching them warfare. "But this has changed, and today Rus sla. Inspired by the French and German BVBtems of mobilization, Iihb adopted a more rational and more Blmple and adequate rule to cope with the different probable dangers. We must remember that Russia must hasten now to guurd herself not only against Oennany, but against Austria In tho southwest to tha Caucasus Mountains, and she should do the same in the north. "The mass of the active Russian forces are concentrated n the north In Finland, In a small territory west of St. Peters burg and Moscow are ten army corps, which guard the vicinities of Riga, Vllna and Warsaw and which touch the Baltic In the face of Germany. "With the adoption of a rational re. cruttment system, Russia in Europe aug mented her forces of the first reserve by four army corps (160,000 mem, two of which corps are stationed toward the Vials in the barren regions of the Kasan Desert. Southeast of Moscow the army of the Caucasus Is reinforced by 11 corps from Titlls and St. Petersburg, while the circumscriptions of Vilna and Warsaw have added to the central reserve seven Instead of three corps. This part of the army can be sent anywhere It is needed. For very evident reasons Finland has been reinforced by a half corps (20,000 men) and the frontier near the Turks by another half corps "The distances In Russia are such that mobilization and concentration, however Improved the system, are difficult and slow. The greatest part of the reservists are hard to reach with mobilization orders, and then, of course, there Is the problem of transportation. For example, it Is 1304 kilometers (more than 800 miles) from Moscow to Warsaw, a Joumey of 24 hours by the fastest of trains. From Kazan to Warsaw it U 3000 kilometers (more than 16W miles), a Journey by rail of W hours. From St. Petersburg to War saw It Is 1115 kllometors (nearly 700 miles), which means a railroad Journey of 27 hours, ami from VIndlvostock to St, Petersburg It Is S507 kilometers (neatly 5100 miles), nnd this means a railroad Journey of nlno days. STRKNOTII OF TUB RUSSIAN ARMY. "Tho total Russian army In time of peace In 1914 numbers 1,240,000 men, con taining threo kinds of recruits first, 1,035, 000 ordinary recruits; second, 60,000 Cos sacks, nnd third, 9.i,000 soldiers held over four-year and five-year enlistments. The compulsory recruitment numbers each year 1,200,000 mon, but only 3S0.0O0 men arc selected from the totol. Tho physlca examination Is extremely severe, nnd In tho nrmy of Russia every soldier must havo a perfect constitution. "In 1918 the brilliant manoeuvres were duo entirely to tho patlenco and continued energy of General Soiikhomllkof, who Is tho soul and tho general of tho IlttSBlan army. The Russians havo thrown them selves so violently Into tho reorganization of their army that they have neglected cortaln needs In regard to their foreign attitude. In some ways they mo vague, whereas they should be frankly offensive. "Tho Alllanco Is Justly worried over tho amount of tlmo It takes for mo bilization and concentration In Russia. Dosplto the fnct that great progress has been made both In railway extension and in military organization. It requires a month to mobilize the 'forces of Russia. It is necessary, however, to tnke Into consideration the Inadequacy of the Rus sian railway system for military pur poses. Tho Russian nrmy will bo fatally lato In comparison with tho nrmlos of Franco and Germany, in tho evont mo bilization Is ordered in those countries. "Let us glance nt tho railway routes In Russia. Wo notlco how few there aro which touch on tho western frontlor and tho River Mcmel. Tho Immense distance between Gallcla and the Bultio Is crossed by only two railroads,' tho first crossing two kllomotcrs from Warsaw and tho other 100 kllomctors southeast of Ivango rod. In Vllna and Grodno toward tho Baltic there nro very few troops, for on tho left bank of tho Vistula Russia does not ned a heavy gunrd prcntiso of the great marshes and the enormous river Itself. "The Russian nlllanca Is certainly a f great advantage for Franco. Novertho- less one must look at it In a clrcumspoct way. Franco cannot count upon Russia at tho beginning of u war, In fact, hardly at all until 15 or 20 days after mobiliza tion has been ordered. "Russia hnR on her not them fiontlcr reason to fear the Swedes and Germans, Her navy Is In tho midst of reorganiza tion, nnd with the assistance of foreign shipbuilders shn will soon possess a fleet of eight fighting shipn. of which numbor four are armored cruisers. Shu has had the Idea for a long tlmo of equaling the German navy of 1G armored cruisers. "We must remember that Russia Is a land of enormous rrsouices, and her re organized army is capable of much if sho can be stripped of sluggishness. She will be a great help to Franco, but France cannot count too much on her. Russia Is only Kuropcan In icgatd to aggres siveness. Her InterestB are complex, her politics nnd ambition are Asiatic. FAIRMOTJNT FIGHTS At tho Falrmount Athletic Club to night, IC. O. Harry Baker, of "Wilming ton, Is scheduled to meot Charlie Collins, a rising young middleweight of Columbia, Pa., In the wind-up. Both boys have reputations as knock-out artists nnd a great battle Bhould result. Young Fletcher, of Kensington, and Young Wernert, of tho same locality, will meet In the seml-windup nnd the other con tests will bo botwrrn Wllllo Kline, of the Forty-seventh Ward, and Pat Blddlc, of West Philadelphia; Joe Smith, of tho V. S. S. Michigan, and Tommy Hogau, of the Tenth Ward, and Young Jack Tola nd of the Twelfth Ward, and Young Gannon, of Southwaik. CLUB HONOItS MANAGER Two hundred Invitations havo been Is sued for a complimentary dinner and n ceptlon to bo glvon Thursday, September 21, to Frank K Poth. manager of the Clifton Heights baseball dub, at Shee's Hall In that borough A number of major lengun baseball stars. Including nembers of the Athletics, will be present- Tho uffair Is tn bo a testimonial to Manager Poth for the auc cessful season that has marked his man agement of the Clifton Heights club. There will be addresses by the Burgess of tho borough, Attorney R. (J. Robinson and others, and a dance. Callfornians Win Doubles Title CINCINNATI, Sept. 22.-E. R MeCor mlck and Ella Fottrell, the California pair, captured tle final round In the Ohio State doubles championships hero yesterday by defeating Clarence Orlflln, of San Francisco, and Robert Batrd, of Toronto. 6-0, 8-1 Feds After Tommy Leach CHICAGO, Sept. K According to a ru mor which originated hero last night, Tommy Leach, tho Chicago Nationals outfielder, will be offered tho manage ment of the Pittsburgh Pederala next season. I.tacli, it Is suld. is not eatUtled with his pu'cnt Chicago contract, and unless he is given one for threo years he will Jump to the outlaws. Billiard Receipts for Red Cross NEW YORK. Sept 22 "Willie" Hoppe nnd Melbourne Inman. the champion bll Uardlsts who are to pla a 6000-polnt In ternational championship match at the Hotel Astor beginning next Monday have volunteered to play ono of their matinees In eld of the American Red Crnns illof I fund- FLAGLER'S DREAM TO UNITE CUBA WITH U.S. BY RAIL REALIZED Ferry Float to Carry Cars From Key West to Ha vana Is Launched at Cramp Shipyards. Another step In tho realization of Henry M. Flaglor5s dream of uniting tha United States with Cuba by rail will bo taken this afternoon with the launching of a car ilont at the yards of tho AVilllam Cramp fc Sons Ship and Engine Building Company. The float will upon Its completion be the largest craft of Its type alloaL It will ply be tween Key West, Fin., and Havana, Cuba. Miss Florenco Marie Becluvlth, daugh ter of J. P. Bcckwlth, vlco president of the Florida East "Coast Railroad Com pany. Is making a special trip here from Augustine, Fia., to perform the part of sponsor for the gigantic car float. She will name It for the late Henry M. Flagler, who used his millions In planning for the Joining of Cuba and Florida. The launching will tako place shortly after 3 o'clock. A host of ship, ping men. officials of tho railroad com pany nnd shipbuilding plants are ex pected to bo present. A luncheon will follow the launch. Tho Henry M. Flagler will have a car rying capacity of 30 of tho largest freight curs loaded. Tho triple expansion, le clprocntlng engines, capable of develop ing 1330 horsepower, will carry tho craft from Key West to Havnna, a distance of U0 miles In eight hours. This will re duce tho present running time by several hours. It Is expected in tho near future the craft will enrry rnssenc-er cith. en. sibling travelers to mako the entile rtis tunco between Now Yoik and Havnna by rail. Ext! a precautions has been taken to in sure tho safety of the cars which will bo carried on tho main deck on (our tracks, whilo tho vessel Is at sea. A warlike iiHpcct Is given tho cr.ift nnangenients to mount rupld-tlre and sm.illsmnll callbri- batteries In order to make It -ay to lit her out as a transport ur supply vessel In case of necpssitv. Besides Inaugurating 11 new freight st vlce between Cuba nnd this countr.v. the craft Is oxpertcd to increase the com merce btwen th two countries. Business mon of Cuba aro greatly Interested In the projet nnd hav promised to give it their support. Tho hull of tho float Is built of steel and conforms with all of tho regulations demanded In a vessel of Its type The goneral dimensions aro: I.rnKlli over all ,1W fet 1-enirtli between perpendiculars .... vm fwt Heam, rtwlit,..! .- ,,l Ietll 22 f- llreailth of deck ". ,-.T f.et Speerl. loaileit with i'!K) mm dead weight 12 knitt WEST CHESTER GIRL SAFE Secretnry Bryan Tells Father Daugh ter Is Sailing for Home. WEST CHESTER. Sept 22.-Sccretary of Stato Bryan has telegraphed W IV. MnoElrec, of this place, advising him. that his daughter Miss Mary, who Is tho slater of Burgess J. Paul MacElree, of this place, Is safe and on her way to Liverpool, from which place sho will sail for homo at tho first opportunity. Miss MocElreo was in Switzerland when caught bs tho war crisis and noth ing had been heard ftoni her until she was located nt tho request of Sccietary Rryan by a Consul In Switzerland, who cabled thnt sho was safe and on her way to England to embark at Liverpool. Large Unit Tendency in Coal Minn For live years the United States Geo logical Survey has collected coal pu ditctlon statistics showing the distribu tion of output among five class.es of mines, lated according to their pioduc tlve r-aiMdty. Comparisons of these 10m pllatlons indicate that even in this tliit period the tendency toward concentia. tlou into large unit operations ! mark ed. In the anthracite mines of I'enn. lylvania such concentration vvne evident befuro lsi03. and there has been further progress In the same direction In the bituminous mines In these live ear there has been nn Increaso in annual production of nearly 10O.WO.O0O tons, but practical!) no increase In the number of commercial mines. Thero has. however, been n. most significant change in tn number and production of the mines or the first class, thoso pioduclng zW.Oitons or over, tho Inciense In number bring 30 per tent, und tho output of 6 if these mined in 1I? averaging nearl ' oou tons, us contrasted with 5W."? -""h! the avoiage production per mlna . ',Ji class In 19t. The proportion of the totsi pioductlon contributed b the m!ne-,fll' the first class has increased In the n jeais from 42s to 50', per -ent This ten dency toward lurge operations Is en" acterlstic of both western nnd 'alIh' coal fields, the slif .States showing tf largest percentage of production "j. mines of the Aral class being- Utah. V glnU, Pennsylvania, Illinois. . ' Ico, ahd Montana la-4na artee wunfl. k I .