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I T V NIGHT EXTRA EVENING LEDGER NIGHT EXTRA VOL. I NO. 8 PIIIIiADELPHIA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1914. PBICE ONE CENT red lly 4 CHILD LABOR PENROSE BLIGHT IN THIS STATE Report of Census Bureau Furnishes Convincing Proof of Baleful Influence of Machine on Pennsyl vania Legislation. A report Issued today by tho Census Bureau In Washington Bhows that child labor conditions In Philadelphia and Penn sylvania arc the worst In the. United Elates. Commenting on this this after noon, Paul N. Furmnn, secretary of tho Child Labor Association of Pennsylvania, (aid this was duo entirely to the Inflttenco of tho I'enrose controlled political ma chine, which ho accused of having con stantly stood In tho way of child labor legislation, ana or naving uirotueil the child labor bill drawn up by the associa tion at the last session of the Leglslatuic. Tho figures given by tho Census Butcau are verified by the Stato Factory Inspec tion Department. According to tho report of the Census Bureau, which Is not ns definite on the matter of child labor as Is tho report of the State Factory Inspector, In 191) there were 494 males between tho ngo3 of 10 and 13 years omptoyed In Philadel phia, 11.2S3 between the ages of II and 15, and 69,203 between the ages of 10 mid 30 Of females, says the report, thoio were employed In this city, In 1010, 30 between the ages of 10 and 13, 901iJ be tween the ages of 11 und 15, and 40,070 between the age3 of 15 and 20. The report of the Stato Factor In spector shows that 21,000 children, between the aj's of 14 and IS yeais, nre continu ally emploed In Philadelphia, and 34.0CO children In the cntlie Stato of Pennsjl , vanU. This condition Is woise than In any other State or city In the Union, laid Mr. Furman. CHILD LABOR .STATISTICS The following llguics on child labor In the Greatest Industrial States In the Union show bv comparison, the backwaidncss of Pennsylvania In the matter: As against tho ."I.COO chlldlen between the ages ot It nnd 18 jeats employed In the vnilous Industries of the Stato, New York has 17,31.', Ohio, 5120, Mnnchusetls, it 157 du( m ilnl to the large numbei of chlldien emplord In tho textile trade. In Illinois theie nie 10.St7, and In Indiana, 3391 "This state of affairs In the nll-Impott-ant mntter of child labor, one of tho greatest scourges of mullein Industry. Is due to the fact that Pennsylvania has no eight-horn child labor law." sild Mr. I'm mini Ye have no law foiblddlng nlsht work in the glass Industry and in the messenger service Wo have no law regulating the sheet, trades ot bavs nnd girl dmirrg nils hodi of the day oi night We lnvn no proper system of mutilating the i"ti ince nnd uso or ccittllcates wliere t It Mould be Impossible foi am child to transfci Its ceitlficato to am other child oi toniiin idle nnd out of school for no loasnii wliatsnovu Woiklng cer tificates ihotilrl be the property of the is'iiani r officer and not of the child. I'enns' Hanla Is sadlv behind in this Mattel Tho gang-controlled political mi chine with men at tho bend of It nerv ing prlv ite inlet ests, do not care a rap feu tin welfaio of chlldlen of the Mate, and aie standing In the way of pro'iekshe child labor legislation.' WOMBS' WORKURR The peuentngo of women woiklng at remunerative occupations In Philadelphia has Inireisod In proportion to tho popu lation during tho ten .vcars between 1000 and lain, w Itlle In the corresponding perlo 1 the pfcentnse of male wnge-eiu nors shows i slight deciease. according to the report of the Census Hureau In litfl the number of females oer 10 jam of age engaged In "gainful occu pation" was 117,11, or 27.S per cent., whili In lilo this number had Increased to !)G3, or 11 per cent. On tho other hand tin numbei of malo woikeit, tuoic than 10 eais of ago In 10 was 421270, ori'l per cent , while in 1010 there were 610 71 or S21 nil cent. In loin there were a total of 711, WO per sons more than 10 jutrs ot age at work, or 4i 1 pei imt of the total population, and V, l p.. i cent of the population 10 Jen- old oi oei. In 1000 there wero S"'i.'! winch fntmeil 41 pti cent, ot the total .iiilatlon nnd MO of tho popiil t ti'ii mm. than 1 jeai3 old Tie Til ps gainful workers In 1310 were dlotiihutcil aaiung the main branches of on upitiuns as follows Agiiciilture. foi eatM nd animal husbindrj. 3701. or ,5 pei if lit ixtrnrtlon of mlncials, 1TB, ot - per unt , manufacturing and mechan ical Indu-nies. 3.1D00.S, or 47 8 per cent; tMnspoitation. S.1,015, or 7 5 pet cent ; trait I'ji-i.' r n,i pPr cent. , public feixiiH i i.'i or 1 s pei cent , piofes.-lonal 'ii,, 170. or 49 per cent., domestic and ,ei.nna seivlco, 07,0cW, or Ufri per ind Ut-iiutl occupations, Ch7, or GERMAN REVENGE SWIFT FOR CIVILIAN ATTACK Dolginn Towns Razed nnd Inhnbl tnnts Mnssncred, Alleged In Ostend. OSTBND, Sept. 22 It Is stated here that the Germans, In tt venge for nn alleged attack on them by civilians, have completely destroyed the towns of Hone nnd Hettlce The Inhabi tants, It h stated, resisted the demands of the Get mans to pay i tine nnd furnish certain ouautttles or foodstuffs. in the fight that followed the Germans lust henvlly. When thej llnalll cotuiueicd they forced 50 of the mate Inhabitants to bury the German dead ' Afterward they mude them dig a pit and stood 48 of thcra on the edge. All were shot and tumbled Into the pit, after which the two sui vlvurs wero compelled to bury their companions and wero then detained as prisoners. U.S. REVENUE CUTTER WRECKED IN PACIFIC SENDS CALL FOR AID GERMANS SINK BRITISH SHIPS IN NORTHSEA First Great Naval Disaster to Britain Results in Destruc tion of Aboukir, Hogue and Cressy in Horth Sea. Vessel, With 72 Aboard, Lands on Bering Sea Shoal Steamships Rush ing to Her. SEATTLE, Wash., Sept. 22 Two ships aro rushing to tho rescue of tho clow of the United States revenue cutter. Ta huma, which went nshore and was wrecked on a reef between Atka nnd Attn Islands, In the Bchilng Set. Tho vej-scls, which weie about 100 miles dU lant when they picked up tho "d O. S." wireless call, aro tho Japanese liner Tacoma-Maiu nnd tho Nome steamer Senator. A wliclcss dispatch from Captain nichard O Crisp, of the Tahoma, picked up at sea and related to headquarters from Sitka, Alaska, says the cutter Is In Imminent danger, but It is believed the nine office! s nnd crow of 03 on the ship can take to the small boats with which the cutter Is well supplied and seek safety on one of the small Islands which dot the sea In the vicinity of tit" w reck. Tho Tahoma Is a cutter )t the- first clnss She was built at Wilmington, Del. In 10OS and Is of S7 tons, with 1213 tons displacement and 152 feet In length. The vessel Is of steel con struction. The ofilcors are. Captain Richard O Ctlsp, commanding, Tlrt Lieutenant Thomns SI. Malloj. executive officer; Second Lieutenant John J. llutson; Sec ond Lieutenant William K Scammel, Third Lieutenant Stephen S. Yeandle, who recclvd a gold medal for heroism dur ing a hurricane off the Georgia coast three jears oso, Second Lieutenant of IZnglnecis Thomns II Yeager Third Lieutenant of Engineers Trancls C. Allen Tlilid Lieutenant of 'Engineers Walter SI. Troll, and Assistant Surgeon II SI Thomas, of the Public Health Service WASHINGTON", Sept 22 Slessnges to the ievenuo cutter service here todav, an nouncing the wreck of the cuttci Tahoma In the Aleutian Islands, contained asstir-' nnees that the entile crew of nine otll roiS nnd h3 men would be saved, "S. O. S." enlls fiom the Tahoma were picked up hv ships and wireless stations along the Alaskan coast, nnd the Japa nese llnei Tnkoma Slnru nnd the stenmer t-enntor nre speeding to her rescue The Tnhom.1 Is one of the newest and best cutters in the service and fear Is tell that she will be pounded to pieces on the reef where she Is fast. LONDON, Sept. 22 Out of a clear ski carrie the laconic announcement late this afternoon that the Germans had struck another blow at tho British sea supremacy. Three cruisers, their value totalling Jl2,CO0,t0d nnd inny Ing a complement of more than 2101 men, were torpedoed and sunk In the North Sea, off the Get man coast, by German, submarines, esajlng a inld similar to that In which they sent the scout patrol cruiser Pathfinder to the bottom These cruisers, the Abrouklr, Hogue nnd CreS8, have been reported ns vcrj active In scouting close to the Heligo land bight In nn effort to locate the main German war licet. Although the location of the dlsarter, the greatest of the war to date fiom the British stand point, Is withheld, thcre nre evidences that It was not far from where the British cruiser squadron struck Its first icnl blow against tho Germany In sink ing tin co light crulscrB and two dc atrojors. fortunately the loss of life la not ab solute. The government snvs that a "considerable number," of the crew were picked up bj destroyers and trnwle-9 that hurried to the icscue. Itut the exact number of casualties will not be obtain- nble until the list of stuvera can be com- I plcted It Is offlclullj admitted, however, that It will be large and nnigng the num ber It Is icported ale most of tho officers of the three big wurshlps The announcement of the loss uimc jut ot a time when the British public was dlsplnvlng Impatience over the lack of activity ngulnst the Kaiser's naval strength This Impatience, It wns stated, had been shared bj cet tain of the high otllclals of the Admlrnltj, who have be lieved, that, as the Germans had tefused to come out and fight, England should go In nnd draw theit war cinft Into the open The disaster has simply augmented that feeling Demands for speedy venge ance are hoard on all sides, and It Is likely that before mnnv hours have passed news will come of Important action by the Biitlsh fleet. Whothor the submarines that caused the disaster escaped or whothor, llk the ono which sunk the Pathfinder, they have also been sent to the bottom in their turn Is not jet known To the excited throng that beset tho Ad mlraltj nsking for additional news the word was sent out that there was noth ing "at present ' to add to the an nouncement of tho war bureau BRITISH REACH KIA0-CHAU TO AID JAPANESE TROOPS South Wales Hegiment Helps Assnll German Leasehold TOKIO. Sept. 22 British troops to co-operate with the Japanese In tho uttuck on Tslng-Tno hnvo been landed nt Lao Shan Bay. Tho Germans have made several sorties against the Jnpanete nnd a num ber of severe sklrmlihos hnve lesultecl. There have been numerous casualties en both sides Ileports that a Inpaneso destroyer has" been sunk by a Germnn cruiser off Klao-Chau arc cUrient heie, but the Admiralty has given cut no Information confirming them Transports convcjlng the Hrltlsh de tachment which Is to take part with the Jnpnncse on the attack on Tslngtntt left Ilen-Tsln on Satin Unj This de tachment consists of one regiment, the South Wales Borderers L The War Today 'GERMAN ASSAULT KING ALBERT KILLS TREACHEROUS AIDE TO ESCAPE GERMANS Chauffeur Was Bearing Bel gian Monarch Close to Foes' Lines, Declares Story From Lille. PARIS, Sept. 22. King Albeit, of tho Helglnns, escaped capture hj the Germans icccntly onlj by shooting the chnttftcui who was driv ing him inpldl townid the Gel man lines, aceoidlng to the newspaper Pro Bicss Du Xnrtl. published In Lille. Describing the itairow escape of tho King, the pnpei snjs tho Incident oc curred while His Slujcstj was making a tour of Inspection of the Belgian foits. He noticed that his clnuffpur was tak ing him ncui tho German lines and ordered him to stop Instead the chauf feur put on full speed and headed straight foi the enemy. King Albert drew hl3 revolver and shot tho chauffeur dead. Papers were found on his body showing that the Germans had promised him $200,000 If he was successful In de livering tho King Into their hands. REPULSED; ALLIES RUSH ON CRAONNE French Push Forward Heavy Guns From Paris to Aid Advance on Heights Taken By Invaders at Left Centre of Long Battle Line. General Joffre Announces Continued Success of Left Wing Against Von Kluk and Says Resistance Must Soon Turn Into Precipitate Retreat. Itenowcd assaults along the whole front by the Germans opened the tenth day of the terrific struggle in France The Alllei beat back tho as saults und claimed further successes against the right wins; of tho Invad ers The French made desperate at tacks ngalnst Von Buolow's, forces Tho contending armies are fighting In n iiungmlre, making movements of heavy nrtlllery difficult, but big guns have been rushed from Pnrld to the left wing. A fierce battle Is taglng on tho plateau of t'raonne Russians have captured several small towns nnd five of tho, outer Jnroslaw redoubts, and their siege guns con tinue heavy bombardment here and at Przomysl They have taken Hes zow, width Interrupts communication between tho Austrlnr.s In the field l and their western base of supplle, PAR1S' U M" BUn" Iltue ln rcr,aln "lacci bePn wlth nnd reinforcements. Cracow, reported G?rman forces t0,la l,eKan tho , tIrawn toward the cx,rcmc h'"- T,,B terrified ,l,j the westvvnid advance of ! tc,uh da' of the Krcat 1,altle by aBR,n lb ,,lalnIy a Petitionary movement. the Russian main army, Is preparing for Investment nnd many non-com-balants) have left the city, to which FUEL SHIPMENTS ON PENNSY SHOW DECLINE Anthracite Is Only Grade That Re corded nn Increase. Fuel shipments nn the Tennsylvnnla I railroad lines eat of Pittsburgh and Hlle In August with the exception of nnthraclte, fell olf trom the same month of tho previous year Thev were also smaller for the eight months' period, the onlv Increase being In nnthraclte Tim number of tons of anthracite enr lled In the month weie M" iSj, Increase, "J 131, bituminous, 1 290.810, increase, S'iSS); coke, 792 0M. decrease, 3flS,S2S, total !iS9R.fl3l. decro.a&c, :33,221. foi the .ght months' period the totals weie Anthiaclte, 7,153.4r7. Increase, 301,'Sl, bituminous 31,821310, decrease l."l,'i37, oke, f..SG7 07fl, decrease, 2,Sfi3. 76i;, total. 4i8l2i12, decrease. 4,130,012 NINETY-ONE DEGREES TODAY cent per i nt BOY FIGHTS VICIOUS DOG Uses Schoolbooks When Animal Bites Him on Z,eg, On his ,) tn bl.nnoi to,,ay sijc.jenr-old fclanrnrii I'onvwiy. of "tnO York street, was attacked hj a dog near Ids homi S-ov "i! mip.tnioiih who weio with tho bo " In alarm when the dog hit him on tho Jfs r,lc Jaungster then heat the tnlmal itn his books, but the dog held on 'no ""en passing In an automobile cnaked the dog nwa Thej took the boy jo me wmen a Homeopathic Hospital neirl got tho best of him." sild the utile pailmt, .,!, the phjslclans attended h's 'vound BOMB FALLS ON MAESTRICHT Violation of Dutch Neutrality by Unknown Paities, Reported, T. AMSTBHOAM. Sept 22 .,',! m.nander of the Dutch garrison vuestricht has telegraphed the com Sf i hr"".''thpf nt 'lhe ,,a8"e a report to,? imb ,bc'"e 'b-opped on Uutch terrt 0' Uetails are lacking of tSr!'.kh,t is a clt r 3,'"' ",e capital lv il . '.U' """'nee of Uemhuig diroct- m name " He'S'a" prV,nte ot th9 Hottest September 22d Since 1805, Says Weatherman. Todav Is the hottest September 23 since ISO'S according to Geoigo S Rliss, of tho Weather Hureau Tho thermometer reg istered 91 degrees at 1 o'clock In 1SD5 tho tempeiaturo on this ilay was 97 de grees.. That Is the onl duy In the last 13 jears nn which the temperature has ej.ceeiled that of toda Cooler weather Is ilue tomoriovv even ing, with probable rains. The latter organization slinply stated that the Aboukir while engnged In patrol wns torpedoed bv a submarine, that tho Hogue and Cressy closed In to rescue thu survivors then struggling in tho water, that they ln turn fell victims to thn Oermnn submarines, nnd that a part of the crews had been rescued by the do stiojers nnd trawlers who, witnessing tho tragedv from afar, had hurried to the scene The three armored cruisers were each of 12.000 tons. The Cressv was built In 1901 had n speed of 20 knots, cost W,7I6,000 Her armament consisted of two 9 2 Inch guns, twelve C Inch nnd batteries of smaller ones Tho Aboukir nnd Hogue weie both built In 1102 The Aboukir had a speed of 21 B knots and tho Hogue of 22 6 knots Doth cnrrled armaments of two 9 2 guns, twelve 6 Inch and batteries of smaller guns. Tho statement follows: Tho British ships Aboukir, Hoguo nnd Cressy have been sunk by sub marines In the North Sea. Tho Aboukii was torpedoed, and while the Hogu nnd Cressy weio standing by to save the Abouklr'3 crew, they, too. wero torpedoed A consllerable number of seamen wore saved by the ship Lowe stoft, torpedo boat destroyers and other craft The casualties nre unknown The three sunken voxels weie stf'or ships Thev were ntmnred cruisers of a comparatively old tpe, having been built 14 jears ago" SAPIENT "EDDIE" SAVES ENVOYS FROM CLASHES Secretary Aryan's' Messenger Shows Diplomacy in Steering- Visitors. WASHINGTON, Sept 22.-The d'plo macj of labile Savov, Secretary Brian's coloied messcngei, wns put to the test toda: when the Charge d'Affaires of ihc German Hmbassi tailed nt the Htnto J Department close on the heels of both mo iirutsn and Trench Ambassadois. Through tho manipulations of the sa pient Eddie, the representatives of the w airing nations were splilted through the halls and corrldois of tho building nunoui. collision Slice the beginning of the European war, Hddle has been main times called upon r keep the diplomatists of thiso and othei vvairlng nntlons from coming Into embarrassing contact at the Depart ment Without specific instructions from nny jnf the officials of the Department. I.ddle, the veteran of mnn Administra tions, has handled the situation with raro skill and Ju Igment. for which lie has been repeatedlj waimly commended. EX-BOSS KUEHNLE FACES OLD HENCHMEN IN BATTLE VON BOHEN'S HEADQUARTERS ESTABLISHED AT M0NS May Explain London Report of von Kluk's Retreat. OSTKND. Sept 22 General von Rotten, commander of the German army tent to irlnfnrce the west ern side of the Kaiser's forces, has es tnldlshed his headquarters nt lions, nc conllng to advices received heie today 'I ho foregoing dispatch piobably ex plains the report received In London that General von Kluk had been forced ta retreat to lions WEATHER FORECAST For Philadelphia und vicinity Fair w continued uarm tonvjht; Wednea aV increasing cloudiness with cooler n the afternoon and night; moderate toutherlij winds becoming westerly, tor details, see pane 14. NEWSPAPER DYNAMITED Pnit of Plant Wrecked During Con troversy With I. W. W. TONOPAII, Nev. Sept .'2 -An explosion pf djnamlte beneath a corner of the Job printing plant of the Bonanza, an after noon paper, blew out a part of the build ing, wrecked a garage and shattered windows a block awa The newspaper plant Is in an adjoining structure and was not djiiuiged The paper has been active for the West ern Federation of Miners In Its contro- PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION GRANTS A HEARING TO COOKE He Wnnts Thorough Investigation Made of Philadelphia Electric Co. The Public ServTfe Commission of Pennsjlvanla todn notlfle i Director Cooke, of the Department of Public Works, that a hearing on tho complaint fled by him against tho Phltidelphla Hlectrlc Companj will be held In Har rlsburg November 17, nt 2 30 p nt. Director Cooke, In his rompltlnt to the commission, asked for a. thorough inves tigation of the companj 's organization, service nnd lates Action was taken bj' the director when the electric? companj submitted a bid for the public lighting of the eltj In 191") nt no reduction from the cost of the 1914 continct approNlmntelj JWWOfo Director Cooke then denounced tho 1915 proposal as exorbitant He declared tho Philadelphia IJIectrlc Companj to be a monopoly nnd characterized tho com panj s management as "slothful and In efficient." and appealed to tho State Commission A protest from the Philadelphia Elec tric Companv against hearing the com plaint was died some time ai,o It was contended In tho protest that tho cost or the Investigation would in all prob abllitj fall on the electric companj Several months ago President McCall of the Philadelphia Electric Companj declared that his companj welcomed a full and impartial Investigation before the. State Commission GERMAN WIRELESS RUINED Last of Pacific Stations, on Nauru Island, Reported Destroyed. SYDNEY. Australia. Sept 32 -The Gei man wireless station on thu Uland of Nauru Is reported to have ben de strojed b a British naval force If this ,erbj with the Industrial orkerS of ,h. oar. ief, Ut . w. EI .' tlon in thu Pacific 2000 Negro Voters Among Those Swinging to the Bachnrnchs. ATLANTIC CITY, Sept. 22"Commo (lore" Louis Kuehnle. once Atlantic CItj's political dictator, has his back to tho wnll In on of the stiangest battles of his political caieer hero todav. Lined up against him In active support of the Bachaiaehs, who have been open enemies of the ex-bo's for jenrs, are many of Kuehnle'f enco most setvlle henchmen Against him alfco nre tho 200o Negro voters, whom the "Conunoilur" u few jeurs back voted bj battalions under the leadership of piecinct bosses, some of whom were fcent to prison Piactlcally the entire Negro voting population Is In a state of Insiu rectlon agnirnt Kuehnle because Richards, his candidate for Congress, op posed the seating of Jnmis Bourne, n Nctro druggist, In the Board of Educa tion. Kuehnle has nn anchor to wind ward, howevet. In tho fact that Joseph It. Barlett, nun of his most loyal sup porters I'urlng a dozen jeans, is vlrtunllj certain of the Republican nomination for Sheriff. There are picturesque figures In the primary battle, A M Heston City Comptroller for 16 jears, whom Kuehnla pulled out of olllce for insubordination, Is running for City Treasurer. Dave Barrett, whom Kuehnle made Heston a successor, anil who was In turn sum marllj removed by the City Commls slon for insubordination, Is a candidate far freeholder, a $3' job Samuel Hast, ngs Kelly, ono-tlme boss of tho Fourth Ward. Is a candidate for Tax Col lector. Ventnor City Is lit the throes of a miter maj orally nomination baj. tie between George Gumphert, a Phila delphia manufacturer, and Dahlgren Albertson ct-1'resldent o Council. PARIS CENSUS 1,026,507 LESS Fewer Families in Capital "by One third Than in 1011. PARIS. Sept 22-HlllclaI figures on the census of Paris within the city walls, show that there are todaj In the capital 3C2.454 fewer families than there we're In 1911 The number ot houieholds now In the cltj is 761 200 Consequently a thiru ot the lesldent families has left Numerical. as to Inhabitants, tho population todaj shows a reduction of 1036 507 as compared with 1911 Thl la equal to bj per cent oX the. population tn normal limes the Austrian icserves nnd a largo body of the German Landvvehr are being rushed. Kussluns are believed to have nt last penetrated Silesia. Beilln has not heard from lircslau by telephone or telegraph for a day, and fenrs the Investiture pf this Important strateg ical point, 190 miles away, In the Russian plan of campaign against tho German capital. Tho French War Mlnlstei, Mlllerand, reports the virtual collapse of thi German right, with the Allies' cen tie presenting a solid wall of Bteel against attempts to plerco the lino The War Minister expects the "Bat tle of Two Rivers" to continue for several days, but is confident of a decisive victory fcr the Allies. Berlin War Office officially denies the sdven-'inile retreat of General von Kluk on tho German right and states that ho Is standing firm nt all points. Official statements further report tho capture of the heights of Cra onne and the town of Bethany. The War Ofllce praises the Allies for their valor In attacking fortified po sitions, but adds that these assaults are growing weaker. Germany Is preparing for a bitter winter cam paign. London states that the German right is being forced back four miles each day. This retreat is expected to be come more precipitate, as Von Kluk's artay has been forced to abandon Its strongest Intrcnch ments. Military experts profess sat isfaction with the progress of the titanic contest along the Alsne, which has developed into a contest of endurance. The Allies' successes are attributed to repeated bayonet charges. Potrograd War Office announces that final Austrian resistance in Galicia on a largo scale will centre at Cra cow. The main Russian army Is pressing westward toward this great fortified city, which is the base of supplies for the Austrlans Minister of War Soukhomllnoff states that sufficient forces will be left to Insure the capture of Przemysl and Jaros- law in the east, nnd that the main army will make cautious progress west on account of the difficult ter ritory to be traversed Vienna admits the Russian passage of tho San, but states that the troops nre cavalry sklrmiaheis and that the main army will find progrehs from Jnroslaw difficult on account of the San marshes The War Office be lieves tho next great bittl will be fought in the foothills of the Car puthlnns and not at Cracow. Servia officially reports crushing an taking the offensive along the whole front, although It hid been announced., that tho Invndeis had started to re treat. It -was officially announced that the Teutons' nsaault3 were without ap- ! but It muj alBo be tho beginning of the long-oxpected retreat. It Is believed here that if the Ger mans finally abandon their present base they nre unlikely to attempt to preclablo tcsults (in the tight ban'c hold a new line in tho north of B'rance. of the Olsc the Gtimatts aie giving Their left nnd left centre continue cf- ground. forta ugninst the strong Krcnch fort- Tho official statement Issued today , ressos In the eastern frontier region, follows. On the whole ft out, from the Olse to the "Woevre region, the Germans manifested on the 21st a certain activity without obtain ing appieciuble results. On our left wing on the right bank of the Olse the Germans have given ground before the .French at tack. Between the Olse nnd the Aisno the situation Is unchanged. The enemy has made no serious at tack, contenting himself jesterday eening with a long range bom bardment. At the centre, between Rheims and Soualn, the enemj attempted an offenBlvo movement, which has been repulsed, while between Sou aln and the Argonne forest we have made some progress. Between the Argonne and tho Meuse tVre Is no change. In the Woevie region the enemj' made a iolent effort. They at tempted the heights of tho Meuse on the front of Tresauvau-Vlg-neulles-Houdlcourt without being able to take foothold on the heights. On our right In Lorraine tho enemy has crossed the frontier again with small columns. He has re-occupled Domestre, to the south of Blamont. During the days of the 20th and 21st we took 20 re-vlctunllng motors with nil their personnel and a num ber of prisoners, belonging notably to the Fourth, Sixth, Seventh. Eighth, Ninth, Fourteenth, Fif teenth German corps, to the Bava rian Landvvehr and to the reserve corps. It is understood the Allied armies to day are making a supreme effort to break through the lines of the Ger man army commanded by General von Buelow. The latter was compelled to weaken his lines by withdrawing a part of his main forco to send to the relief of General von Kluk and tho right wing. The French are now attacking th fortified positions held bj' the Ger mans which control the railway be tween Rethel nnd Laon. They have gained slight advantages here and, if they can drive their wedge through, they will place both von Buelow and von Kluk at a material disadvantage, Evidences accumulate to indicate that the German right has been forced to take a position almost north and south to prevent the turning of its linea ill the Noj-on-Soissons region and that the entire force of 100,000 men, sent to Austrian army of invasion in n four aid Von Kluk to hold the right, had to dajs' battle near the River Wrlnn Tho other Servian army, in conjunc. tion with the Montenegrins, ao. cording to a late report, has occu pied Sarajevo, Italy clamors for war Thousands of men out of work continue demon strations denounping the national policy of neutrality. Austria has called out the third line of reserves to guard the frontiers of Its prov inces against an Italian invasion. War is expected Parisians rejoiced U the news that the famous Cathedral at Rheims had not been irreparably de&trojed Re ports weie receled that while the artistic edifice had been battered -erely it could be restored m m ur tiorit in i - -. 8ee vaUc U. uorid I ,l0n in the Pacific I thi population In normaf limes ""' L' ? MBBBTininiti i m .nn - .-- nun nr- - bo disposed of in this way to check an silled turning movement. If this had succeeded it would havs, compelled the surrender of General von Kluk nnd a part of General von Bue low "s armies Rut the fact that the Germans wero forced to use this force to prevent their rear being exposed to attack was a, real victory to the Allies As a result they hae been able 'to re pulse the efforts of the Germans to advance, and are slowly pressing the Germans back toward their lines of communication in fact, it Is stated positively that roiurtc nt tho Prflrti'rt DrltleU . i.. ..., rtiaiors bombardment at Rheims continues the who have reconnoitred the German shells being directed aga.n.t the F.en. n portion .how indtction. of a retro- I force, south of th, cit Mn f th. grade movement. The heavy .lege , ,hrapnel. however, fall in thn c ty plalnlj with the hope of demolishing ! Ihbm .... .U.. i ... ....... .-,u iiiac ii a. Htiaigni westward offensive movement Is undertuken later it will not be hampered by the re duction of fortifications. Heavy guns fiom the Paris fortn were ruwhed to the front today to reply to the bombaidment of the monster 16-Inch howltzeis of the German, while at tho same time the Allies con tinued their pressure against the right wing of the invading army. While there had been a lull In tho ftehtlng lato jesterday, owing to tho physical exhaustion of the s-oldlers, the engagement, which is reallj composed of four separate battles, was resumed furiously at daybreak. As a result of the operations of tho Fiench and British, who aro vigor ously pushing an enveloping movement to encircle the German right flank, tha battlo line is being extended west of the Oihe River. General von Kluk is moving guns into position to protect his lino of communication and to pre vent a tetreat, which would expose the rear of the troops stationed In tho Craonne region. The big guns from the Paris works will be used to bombard the German works upon the plateau of Craonne, where the invade: s occupy a position of enormous strength. The German in fantry stationed upon the Craonne heights is supported with heavy artil lery of longer range than the French guns w hlch have ben opposing It The tenth da of this mighty struggle found the artillery duel ot the two great armies a draw, while the main lines of both armies aro believed to be intact The French claim to hav shoved back tho German right, but at the same tlme nn official statement from the French War Office gives an ac count of fighting west of the Ois-e at a point from which it had been thought that the Germans had been expelled. Reports have again become current that the Germans aro short of ammu nition, but the terrific nature of tho German cannonade seems to give this rumor the lie Convinced that Germany now has her entire field strength available, tho hlch military officials here declare that within another fortnight, or three weeks at the outside, she will be fight Ing a defensive contest outside of French territory. The four points where the fighting centres are the valley of the Olse. Solssons. Rheims and Verdun Tho German left centre is making a vig. orous assault on the forts at Verdun, alternately bombarding them and then making effortH to storm them from two sides. Much sickness has resulted from tha cold, rainy weather, to which tho French, German and British troop have been exposed. The Fienoh tmops that were drawn from northern Afn. a, tha Algerians and the Indian troops feel the inclement weather most keenlj coming direct fiom a hot, drj llmate Severe influenza, pneumonia and rheu matism have made their appearance m both camps, and big batches of s it soldiers are being taken to the it, pitals daily Late reports say that the trman