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EVENING- LEDGERPHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBflB 22, .1914. RUSSIAN MILLIONS MASS FORCES TO CRUSH LAST LINE OF THE AUSTRIAN RESISTANCE havo iiad. to fight hard to gain and to hold every foot of conquered territory. As a fresh position Is sained, It Is Im mediately fortified. Thl Is trying work and deadly work, for the Ger man artillery keeps up Us steady rain of shells and the sappers aro com pelled to face this flro while stretch ing their earthworks. Tho weather was reported to be slightly Improved today. But thero can be lltllo permanent Improvement expected at this season of the year. The entire battle ground Is a quagmire and this naturally has hampered move ments of artillery. Hut according o General Galllenl's headquarters thero Is not a single Important point along the entire battle front where tho heavy French artillery Is not now In action. SORTIE REPULSED, LORRAINE TOWN TAKEN, SAYS BERLIN BERLIN, Sept. 22 (by way of Am sterdam). Official denial that the Allies have forced General von Kluk to retreat eeven miles Is mado by the War Ofllcc. Tho statement adds that the right wing Is standing Arm at all points, al though the Allies have been heavily reinforced. Further announcement Is mado that attacks by the French and British forces on the German lines are dimin ishing In strength, and the German of fensive Is growing stronger at all points. An ofllctal statement Issued at mid night announced tho capture of the heights of Craonno and tho town of Bethany (near Rholms). The offlclal War Ofllcc statement Is sued today reported on uninterrupted Bcrloi of successes against the French. It eald: Tho attack of the German troops on tho line of fortifications south of Verdun continues uninterrupt edly. Cote, In Lorraine, which was de fended by the Eighth French Army Corps, has been occupied, tho Ger mans now holding this point. A sortlo of the French troops from the northeast front of Verdun was repulsed. Fortresses like the heights of Craonne have been taken In battle. In tho advance against Rheims, which is now afire, the vlllago of Betheny has been taken. The enemy shows signs of weak ening as a result of his continued attempts to capture our positions. On the contrary, our troops, fight ing from well fortified points, have had a rest and are taking a strong offensive. Their attacks are grow ing stronger at all points. Great valor has been shown by the enemy's troops. They have charged repeatedly In an attempt to silence our artillery, but have been as repeatedly repulsed. The statement issued at midnight paid: The strong, hilly positions at Craonne have been captured. Ad vancing on Rheims, our troops oc cupied tho vlllago of Bethany. Wo are attacking the strong forts on tho line south of Verdun and havo crossed tho east border in the direction of Lorraine, which Is defended by eight French nrmy corps (320,000 men). A sortlo from tho northeast of Verdun has been repulsed. The French troops camping to tho north of Toul (13 miles east of Nancy) havo been surprised by our artillery. In tho rest of tho French war theatre there havo been no en gagements. In the Belgian and Eastern (East Prussia) battlefields the situation Is unchanged. Tho statement that the French have eight army corps In tho Lorraine region Indicates that the Allies' right wing Is trying to turn the German left With the heights of Craonne held by tho German centre, It will bo possible to withdraw troops from there to strengthen both the right and left wings 1' they are threatened. No details of the situation at Rheims, beyond the fact that the town has been bn ibarded, have reached Berlin The belief Is growing here that the war Is going to extend Into tho winter In fact, preparations for a winter cam paign are being made. The news of the rapid advance of the Germans after they entered Belgium had caused tho people of Germany to expect o quick triumph, but he fnlluro of this expectation to be fulfilled has caused no alarm. It Is stated that the movement to take Rheims, and with It the eight im portant railroads, especially sought from a strategic point of view, pro ceeds uninterruptedly and with every prospect of success. In this connec tion it is added that Verdun has been Isolated. This strongly fortified position Is now being bombarded from two sides by the German heavy siege artil lery and every effort is being made to take it. It Is understood that the present movement has for its object the sepa ration of tho allied armies, and espe cially the piercing of their centre. This movement is slowly but surely succeeding, it is declared. GERMAN COMMUNICATIONS ON RIGHT THREATENED LONDON, Sept. 22. The renewed pressure of the British and French along a ten-mile front be tween Cambral and Lecatelet has forced the German extreme right back to a point where further retirement will enable the Allies to cut the Kaiser's railway communication from Cambral through Maubeuge to Namur, and to threaten the railway line from St. Quentln to both Maubeuge and Mezleres. One of the developments of the day's news Is the report received by a news agency here to the effect that General von Kluk has been transferred to Mons, In Belgium. If the report in tends to convey the meaning that the entire staff of the German right has been sent back across the Belgian bor der, It foreshadows a further and Im mediate retreat of the German line. Another meaning read Into the report, however, Is that General von Kluk has been relieved as commander of his nrmy on the German right, which lias been forced bacK before the attacks of the British and French forces. The army under the German Crown Trlnce Is said to have prepared a sec ond line of defensive workB to the rear of Its present position and to be ready to drop back to them. The whole Ger man line has constructed a series of elaborate intrenchments and small forts, which virtually reach from Noyon to the German border. On the heights pf Fommierij they have con structed bomb-proof shelters with sub terranean passages, affording commu nlcatlon to the rear. From these heights their guns are bombarding the French line. The failure of the German rein forcement i sent to aid General von Kluk to break down the British French opposition emphasized, the ex perts say, tho fa-t that the Germans were at the "end o their hiring." To day this belief U confirmed by the an nouncement that the German right wing Is being pushed back at a rate of nearly four miles a day. This speed is expected to be accelerated now that the Germans havo beeni driven from tiiUr strongest trenches. Much attention is being paid to a re port that tho Germans have prohibited Dutch shipping traversing the Rhine. Heretofore. Dutch steamships have been permitted to come up tho Rhine into German territory. The British military experts declare this action is naturally due to the fact that the Ger mans are strongly fortifying their Rhine defenses preparatory for a final stand there, and that, of necessity, they are keeping all curious eyes from beholding their work. It is declared by all of the military experts '"re that the most credit to the Allies can be attributed to the weight of their bayonet charges. The British and the French Algerian troops have terrorized the enemy by the force of these attacks. They carry a bayo net blade longer than that of the Ger mans, and they havo shown an eager ness to resort to cold steel that simply has terrified tho German outposts. f - ' ! L II I UN. I j llMI . utlft'-'JIUJ!!f8ljffHjp iiijiiiiwii.iwwwvii mm " w s zm2zmm?msmmmamzwJ wmmm, i b zz&z&mmmmmzmmn, wuwt,x i mmmm?S4m m wr'w n J-J-. , -r-- .r -"i',i7u.. va "., .vava - . Ml wfetoiJ - - ii VsrrrJiSvM NmR -. : z 9 PINCH HITTERS! EBB OF GERMAN FORCE BELIEVED TO BE AT HAND BORDEAUX. Sept. 22. Despite all efforts on the part of the Germans to diminish the pressure on their right wing, the allied turning movement continues. General Joffre declares In a report from the front re ceived by Minister of War Millerand. Not only is the army of General von Kluk retiring, he said, but there are indications that ha German centre has reached the high tide of Its resistance, and that it also will soon be forced to retlro to a new line. The army of the Crown Prince Is reported to havo estab. lished a new line of defenses across the Jleuse River. Indicating that it will hardly hold Its present positions much longer. All along the line, the reports received by the General Staff indicate the Allies are succeeding. It is stated that the complete retiring movement may take some days to de velop. But that it has tet in, is the official declaration made by Minister of War Millerand himself He declared that the extreme left of the French lines has been the scene of the fiercest fighting In the present war, the bayonet being resorted to time after time In cleai ing the Germans from their rifle pits. He renamed the battle of the Aisnc tho "battle of two rivers," because of tho fact that It is now raging along tho Olse as well as the Alsne. Ho be lieves that the result will not be defi nitely known for several days, but has no doubt that the decision in this great death grapple will go to the Allies. "It Is probable that the great battle of two rivers, which is being fought with unparalleled fury, will continue for several days," he said, "although the Allies are making conhtant prog ress. A now stop in our advanco on the extreme left wing Is marked by Its arrival at I,aslgny, ten miles west of Noyon. This movement Is of ex treme importance. That is why the Craonne region has been the centre of violent conflict and bayonet charges "Tho Germans are making desperate prions to diminish the pressure on their extremo right wing, but have, nevertheless, been forced to glvo way. "By completing our lines from Al sace to the Argonne forest, wo havo deprived the German centre between Rheims and Souain of Us scope of movement. It is against a steel wall." MMB1 .... 'rA ..,i.,.-nrrTairiig-Trifn-q Trwf f mct tg3jgagaMMMsPspsMMMiM iSSSJSBjWjjr ONE MAN KILLED, TWO HURT IN COLLISION OF CARS Crash on the Line of Wilkes-Barre Railway Company. WILKES-BARRE. I'a , Sept. 22 -Edwin O Km in, r, oars old, Miperlntendent of th tiansportation for the Wllkth-Barie Railway fnmpati), was so badly Injured thut he died, and James Cunningham and Helbert Peter., miction company em llopfi, were severely injured when a dual nnubnem. fTtf nnA n (W U'n rl car came together in a head-on collision on a orancn 01 inn company s iiucu near Harvev Lake today. Eight passengers escaped intijry Ei win wqs aboird the passenger train bound for Harvey's Lake. He took the place of Motorman Peteri. In order to let Peters eat his lunch. While rounding a slurp cuivo the passenger car and the worU car came together head-on while both were traveling at fair speed. The cais n-lweoped, and Erwin and Peters .. K...tAri in tho u rprkaire Cunning- ham, who was running the work car, was also burled. Jt was some time before help reached them, r-rwin's right leg was cut off be low the knee and he sustained an ah domlnal puncture Cunningham was severely cut on the head and body, and Petets has man) taceratione ami a broken hln Thr injured were brought to a hospital her and Erwin died upon reach ing the Institution. VON BOHEN'S HEADQUARTERS ESTABLISHED AT MONS May Explain London Report of von Kluk's Retreat. OSTEND, Sept a General von Hohen, commander of the (ierman army sent to reinforce the west ern side of the Kaiser's forces, has eBr tabltshed his headquarters at Mons, ac cording to advices received heie today The foregoing; dispatch probably ex plains the report received In London that General von Kluk bad beeforced to retreat to Mens. f sag: AUSTRIAN MASSED ALONG CRACOW LINE FOR FINAL STAND Main Russian Army, En veloping Przemysl and Jaroslaw and Cutting Com munications, Presses Westward. PETROGRAD, Sept. 22 That the main Ituwian army has pressed on after enveloping tho Przemysl Jaioslaw line along the San, and Is mov ing against tho chief Austrian positions as tho substance of today's War Office statement. It announced that the opeia tlons were of necessity ilow, but that there has not been encounered any op position that has required any change In tho original plan of campaign. It is considered certain that the leal resistance on a large scale will be en countered along the lines of the Cracow fortifications. There the Austrian re serves have been massed and heavily reinforced by the German landwehr corpa, which have been especially detailed for set vice in Austria, The Russian forces are moving slowly westward through Gallcla, awaiting the arrival of at least a portion of tho nrmy of 900O that Is proctedlng through Poland to the front. FIVE FORTS DESTROYED Five of the 23 forts at Jaroslaw havo been shattered by the Russian guns, but eighteen still hold out, It was stated at the AVar Office. The bombardment of Przemysl continues, but no breaches have jet been made In the walls of the forts. At the request of the Austriar com mander at Przemsl, General Von Col rad, an armistice of five hours waa de dal ed late yesterday to permit of the departure of tho non-combatants who v,ished to leave. Many decided tu re main. The forts at Przemysl are among the strongest In the world. It Is understood that the garrison has supplies sufficient to last two years While part of the Russian forces are investing Przemysl and Jaroslaw the main part of the First and Second armies continue their operations west of the River San and south of the Vistula. The Austrians defeated at Dobiecka have fallen back in disorder to Jaslo. on the Wistok river, and the Russians nave occupied Uzeszow. The seizure of Rzeszow severs railroad communication between the Austrians In Jarotlaw and Premsl and thoso in Tarnow and Cracow. It Is understood that German reinforcements are Joining the Austrians at Jaslo, and the next great battle may be fought between tho San and Wistok RUers In the foothills of the Carpathians. The combined German and Austrian forces will b In a dangerous position there, as It would be possible for the Second Russian Army to flank them by a sudden movement along the line ex tending from Ranizow to liaranow. Unless the Austro-German troops give battle to the Russians about JjsIo, It would be Impossible to prevent their escape to Cracow, as they have a num ber of railroads at their service. On account of the many swamps In Ga.llcU west of the San it Is expected that the progress of tho Russian troops U1 necessarl!) be much slower now, SERBS OVERWHELM AUSTRIAN INVADERS; SARAJEVO OCCUPIED One Army Wins Four Days' Battle on Drina; Another, With Montenegrins, Cap tures Bosnian Capital. LONDON. Sept. 22. A dispatch to the Star from Rome says that tho Servians and Montene grins have occupied Sarajevo, defentlng the Austrian garrison with great loss. (It was In the Bosnian town of Sara jevo that Archduke Francis Feidinnnd, heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife were assassinated. Tho double as sassination brought on the war). NISH, Sept. 22. Complete defeat ot the Austrian army that Invaded Servia was officially an nounced here today. The offlclal statement describing the rout of the Austrian forces paid: "In a four-day battle near Krupanl (near the Drina River) the Austrians were overwhelmingly defeated and fled in dis order. In our pursuit we took "000 prls oners and K guns. "The Austrians are attempting to rally their forces across the Drina, but our pursuing troops are marching on Svornlk (a fortified Austrian town on the Drina) and continue their success. "At Shubats another force of Austrians was defeated with heavy Joss. These two victories will prevent any Interruption In tho campaign against Sarajevo." Aftor routing at Kuplnava. just across the bonier into Shivonia, the Austrian urmy of '.'SO.OOo, which w.is threatening Servia from the north, the ScrvK.ns re crossed the Sae and one body Is hasten ing westward to Join tho Montenegrin force operating In Bosnia. Servia now has In the field nearly 2no.O men Most of them weio In the forco which attempted an Invasion to tho northwest from Belgrade and Semlin and met the Austrian force of four army corps. AMERICAN CORRESPONDENT ARRESTED AS SPY AT AMIENS A. J. Rorke Narrowly Escapes Esecu- tion by French. LONDON, Sept. 22. Alfred J. Rorke. a i.'entral v-,.c clal correspondent, has been ariesterl In Amiens by the French on a char?e of espionage, and narrowly escaped execu tion. A. J. Rorke was special correspondent of the Central News in Vera Cruz. He was arrested by Huerta's soldiers, but mado his way to Mexico City. Imme diately on his return to New York he was dispatched to Europe. He was In Bel gium for several weeks nnd has been In northern France for the last ten das BELGIAN TOWNS DESTROYED BY GERMANS, IS REPORT Dinant, Jumet and Tnmines Said to be in Ruins. PARIS, Sept. 22 It is reported that the Belgian towns of Dinant, Jumet and Tamlnes have been destroyed. Details of the reported destruction are lacking snd the remain,? J unconfirmed. KING ALBERT KILLS TREACHEROUS AIDE TO ESCAPE GERMANS Chauffeur Was Bearing Bel gian Monarch Close to Foes' Lines, Declares Story From Lille. TARIS, Sept. 22. King Albert, of tho Belgians, escaped capture by tho Germans recently only by shooting tho chauffeur who was driv ing him rapidly toward the German lines, according to tho newspaper Pro gress Du Nord, published tit Lille. Describing tho narrow cscapo of tho King, tho paper saya tho Incident oc curred while His Majesty was making a tour of Inspection of tho Belgian forts. Ho noticed that his chauffeur was tak ing him near tho German lines and ordered him to stop. Instead tho chauf feur put on full speed and headed straight for tho enemy. King Albert drew his revolver and shot tho chaurteur dead. Papers were found on his body showing that tho Germans had promised him J2OO.O0O if he was successful In de livering the King into their hands. RUSSIAN HORDES BAFFLE GERMANS IN FIERCE ONRUSH Avalanches of Troops, With Terrific Cossack Raids, Overwhelm East Prussia. Celerity Marks Moves. AUSTRIAN LOSSES MORE THAN MILLION, RUSSIA SAYS Slavs in Army Gladly Surrender to Kin From Russia. LONDON, Sept. 22. The Post publishes an estlmato from Tctrograd that the Austrian losses in killed, wounded and captured In the cam paigns In which they are tnklng part against Servia and against Russia havo been 1,X),C00 men. Tho tremendous losses In prisoners taken by the Russians Is attributed by the readiness of the Slavs in tho Austrian armies to surrender to their fellow Slavs. ROME, Sept. 22. ,A dispatch from Vienna reports that tho Austrian AVnr Offlce has admitted a tre mendous list of casualties In Gallcla and that a number equal to a complete army corps has been captured In small de tachments by tho Russians since the re treat toward Cracow began. GERMAN REVENGE SWIFT FOR CIVILIAN ATTACK Belgian Towns Razed and Inhabi tants Massacred, Alleged in Ostend. OSTEND, Sept, 22. It Is stated here that the Germans, In revenge for an alleged attack on them by civilians, nave completely destroyed the towns or ilerve and Bettlcc. The Inhabi tants, It a stated, resisted the demnnds of tho Germans to pay a line and furnish certain quantities of foodstuffs. In the fight that followed the Germans lost heavily. When they finally conquered they forced BO of the male inhabitants to, bury tho German dead. Afterward they made them dig a pit and stood 4S of them on the edge. All were shot and tumbled Into tho pit, after whlcii the two survivors wero compelled to bury their companions and were then detained ns prisoners. AUSTRIAN ATTEMPTS LIFE Man Brooding on European War Be lieved to be Insane. Brooding over tho horrors of the Euro pean war caused Jacob Rofrltch, AS years old, an Austrian garment worker, living In the rear of 233 North Second Htiect, to become mentally unbalanced and ns a result he made an attempt to end his life this afternoon by cutting the arteries of his right wrist with a razor. Tho groans of the man wero heard by neighbors who found him lying on the floor of his humble quarters. The police of the Fourth and Raco streets station were hurriedly untitled, and after .1 quick run In the patrol wagon to the Pennsylvania Hospital, physicians man aged to Join the severed arteries and thereby save the man's life. For the last two weeks neighbors state Rofrltch hus seemed depressed. Ho con stantly talked about the war In Europe, and of the terrlblo loss of life and siausmer aauy being reported. ARMY WORM MOTH. VISITING HERE, A HARMLESS INSECT Housewives Need Not Be Alarmed Since Stay Is SJiort. The army worm moti. has arrived In Philadelphia. Many remember the visit of the army worm several weeks ago and the excitement cauted by the millions of Insects. .Several housewives of German town have discovered the new member of the army woim family, and no less an authority than the gardener at Horll cultural Hall, In Kalrmount Park, admits It hac arrived, But before vou start making ready for battle with him, wait. This member of the family Is harmless, positively harm less. He comes about six or seven weeks after the visit of the trouble-raising mem ber of his clan, and disappears in less than a week after his arrival. Since many of the alleged farmers who toil on their lawns during Juno, July and August have again returned to the city to give battle with the janitor for more heat, the only pei sons expected to get alt worked up over the new scare are dyed-lu-the-wool farmers. PETROGRAD, Sept. JJ. Such success as has come to the Itus. slan armies against tho Germans in East Prussia has proved a welcome surprise to many of the veteran troops of th Czar who, at tho beginning of the great Europcnn war, still smarted from th effects of tholr defeats by the Japanese, Thero has bcott a change in tho condl. tlon of things on the Russo-Gcrmnti frontier that might surprise even per sons familiar with tho Russian plan ot campaign. One Russian officer at least, who may be regarded as a. reliable au-' fhority, hns been much surprised by tht. rapid progress of the Russian advance. Originally five Russian army corps woro ordered to tho Austrian frontier for tho purpose of delaying the Austrian advanco If It should bo directed agnlnit that line. Howover, tho Russian Gen erul Staff was quite convinced that th mnln attack would aim at Warsaw through Poland, nnd to meet that at tack two new army corps wore sent for ward, and at the same tlmo tho cavalry on tho loft flank (Chotln and Klelce), was stiengthencd. j Tho Austrian Invading army met only weak opposition In Poland, and the two Russian corps appeared to retire. Suddenly tho Russian cavalry In th South, that is to say, on tho left wing, based on Klelce, took tho offensive. At the same tlmo the Russian army wai ready to pour her enormous masses Into Prussia from the northeast frontier. The great Russian mobilisation was ready several days before Germany had expected, and Just at the moment when Germany should havo made her decisive blow at France and been able to spare her first lino troops for meeting the Prus sian attack. This plan became a failure. Now, Russia has more than two an! one-half million troops in the north-east corner of Prussia alone, and the Cossack cavolary number 130,000, In seven battle divisions. The German defence against this avalanche consists of second Una reservists, not more than 800,000 strong, already retiring to the row of forts along tho Vistula between Konlgsbcrg. Marlen burg, and Torn. Howover, this line will bo dlfilcult to forco by an invading army; it will bs moro difficult for the reservist arm, which has only 510 guns and about COO Maxim guns, to defend. The effect of this heavy Russian at tack is noticeable everywhere in the east of Prussia, and over Berlin is a cloud of stern pressure. People are leaving their homes In fright of the Cossack hordes, who are spreading with an enormous celerity. There are still about 20,000 Russians In Germany in a distressful plight. More than 10,000 of tho German-Russians havs left during the last two weeks to return home by way of Sweden. All of them wero lacking the ordinary necessaries of life, but the Swedish people everywhere have tried to lessen their sufferings, and at the main railway Junctions, where the special trains stopped, Swedish ladles have distributed food and rugs, etc., among the miserable people. They all tell the most appalling stories of the rough treatment they hnve met with at several places in Germany, but at th samo time they tell many stories of Ger man courtesy and chivalrous behavior toward tho female fugitives. BRESLAU BESIEGED BY CZAR'S FORCES, FEARED IN BERLIN Communications With Capi tal Suddenly Cease Indi cating That Russians Have Penetrated Silesia on Way to Berlin. BRITISH REACH KIA0-CHAU TO AID JAPANESE TROOPS South Wales Regiment Helps Assail German Leasehold TOKIO, Sept. 22. British Iroops to c, -operate with the Japanese In the attack on Tslng-Tao have been landed at 1-ao Shan Bay. The Germans havo made several sorties against the Japanese and a num ber of severe skirmishes have resulted. There have been numerous casualties en both sides. Reports that a Japanese destroyer has been sunk by a German cruiser off Klao-Chau are current here, but tho Admiralty has given out no Information confirming them. Transports conveying tho British de tachment which is to take part with the Japanese on the attack on Tslngtau, left Tien-Tsln on Saturday. This de tachment consists of one regiment, the South Weles Borderers. BERLIN, by way of Rome, Sept. 23. All telegraphic and telephonic commu nication with Breslau suddenly ceased to day, it Is feared that the Russian centre may have pushed forward and be attack ing the city. It seems almost Incredible that the Russians could have penetrated In fores to Breslau so that they could have cut off communication with Berlin. Breslsu Is one of the links of the chain In the Oder line of fortifications. After Berlin It Is the second largist city In Prussia, and is the capital of Silesia, It occupies an lmpoitant strategical posi tion on the Oder, and Is a city of gieat historical Interest. It has been piepared for a possible laid by the Russians, and the last reports available from there stated that there was a veiy strong Ger man forco between it and the eastern frontier. GERMAN ENVOY INDIGNANT AT VANDALISM CHARGES "Preposterous," to Call Destruction of Cathedral Intentional. NEW YORK. Sept 22.-Count von Betnstorff. German Ambassador i th United States, does not believe that the German ormy intentionally destroyed th cathedral at Rheims. "It is preposterous to state that trie dostructlon of that magnificent building was intentional." he said today. -Personally." he added, "my sympa thies aro more aroused by the killing and wounding of the men who fought than by the damage to the building." James Spejer. the banker, agreed wltn Count von Bernstorff that whatever harm was done to the Rheims cathedral VY German shells was u"lnt"tlo"ali,udiB, "It la a pity the magnificent ""'W'" was damaged." he said. "It can ner replaced. ' MEAT ?1.00 A POUND PARIS. Sept. 22.-The FlproW' day: "Meat is nearly U a P' '"t lln. Two hundred bakeries aremw bread with potatoes and barley. k .