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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, September 23, 1914, Night Extra, Image 2

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mates that the Germans lost 7000 nvn
IJrlflsh troops are now supporting the
r(nch centre and a large force of
British Is reported on the Allies' lino
dt tthelms.
The Germans are making Violent ef
forts along the French lines around
iVerdun In order to offset the progress
In the region of Argonne. Still farther
east, to the right of the Meitse, In the
Woevro district, the Germans are
struggling against the French forces
which are trji ing to push northward In
the direction of Mctz.
It Is estimated that the French Jhave
at least 700 000 men In the battle line
from nhcims to the Vosges, and prob
aulv 200,000 more In reserve.
LONDON, Sept C3.
Nine miles of trenches filled with un
burled dead wero the fruits of jester
day's fighting by the British troops
now making up the nlllcd left wing.
They were taken, according to reporti
received from several sources, tinolTl
clal but well authenticated, in a suc
cessful turning moemein between the
district just south of St. Quentln and
For hours before the British charged
the line, the British artillery shelled
the German position Tito range was
deadly From aeroplanes that flew
low, defying the hall of German bul
lets, the range was given and the shells
burst like deadly hall directly over the
tops of the great line of parallel
trenches, Jammed with German Hoops
waiting for orders to charge the Brit
ish line. Twice they essayed to do so,
but the British lire was so accurate,
eo deadly, that all finally had to crawl
back to the frail shelter of the earth
works. When the British finally charged
there was hardly a slnzlo unbounded
German left In the lines Thousands
wele dead The wounded and the dead
weie so mixed that It was hard to
rescue those who yet had a chance to
recover. But the movement had been
a complete success from the British
viewpoint, and the position marks the
first real ground gained against the
From these trenches It will be pos
sible to check any further attempt to
push southwest, and it gives the Brit
ish a strategic position on the hills that
command tho roads from Peronne to
Gonzeacourt and on to Cambral, where
the British suffered so severely three
weeks ago, and from Peronne to St
Quentln north toward Bclllcourt, and
north by east toward Guise
It is believed tint as a result of this
latest success the British will now be
able to push the Germans entirely from
the neighborhood of St Quentln and
reocctipy that village It is considered
certain that the main Gorman forces
have already left It, as the unofficial
reports place the British advance guard
In that city s suburbs
BORDEAUX, Sept. 23
positive declaration that th
flank of the German right wing 'has
been turned and that Von Kluk s army
is in danger of being cut off. was made
by the TVar Office today. It was stated
that while reinforcements are being
rushed to his rescue from Belgium, they
will not be able to alter the situation
They will not be able to prevent the
German right being encircled and
forced either to retreat In haste to
ward Belgium or meet an attack from
all sides by an army of vastly superior
'-"The British and French columns now
outnumber the Germans two to one in
the western section of the line There
are more than 1,000.000 French and
British engaged in the battle along the
entire front, and nearly half that num
ber held in reserve should they be
Although the fighting in the neigh
borhood of Rheims continues without
Interruption, it is rtated the French are
now occupying a much better position
They resisted a German assault in
1 Lv -JfS
force last night, driving the enemy
back in great disorder. The bombard
ment of the French position continues
with tht Germans using their heaviest
artillery. It is believed that under
cover of this fire they 'are already with
drawing the major portion of their I
The Germans are making a desperatJ GERM AN ADVANCE STEADY,
etfort acalnst Verdun and the lower
lines of the forts in an effort to reduce
them, but the official reports reachlns
here say that all are still intact.
Summing up the entire situation, it
was stated at the War Office today that
it has never looked so promising since
the commencement of the war.
For the first time since the begin
ning of the war official and authentic
information as to the identity of the
commanding officers of the Allies ha?
bten given out The right wing in Lor
raine is commanded by General Pau;
the centre is directed by Generals
Maunary and Duvail, the left by Sir
John French, and the extreme left by
General' Decuriers and Decastelnau.
Fearful losses have been inflicted on
the French by the German guns, and
the French centre on the long battle
line in northern France appears to be
weakening. This was the gist of a dis
patch received at the German Embassy
today from Berlin. The dispatch fol
lows: The French offensive is weaken
ing in spirit. The French losses
are enormous Their centre Is re
treating Verdun has been successfully
bombarded: the effect of the Ger
man mortar3 again was tre-mendous
The Paris papers show a down
cast spirit Colonel Rousset com
ments in La Liberie on the strength
and actual position of the German
army as being quite unique In his
tory and warfare
The English cruiser Pegasus de
stroyed the German survey vessel
Maeze, but was attacked and sunk
subsequently by the German cruiser
The Colonel Roussut teferred to In
the dispatch Is said to bo tho military
expert of La Liberto's staff. The naval '
battle was said to have taken place off
the African coast
100,000 Guns Sought in New York
by Secretive Bidders.
NEW YORK P-pt 23
Somebody is in the Nw York gun mar
ket with an order for IW0 rifles an J
60,00O,00) rounds of ammunition for ship
ment abroad Local sun dealers have
been approached by commission agents
during the last week and asked if Ihey
could fill a substantial pirt of the order
The agents failed to state who their prin
cipal was.
'the agents were authorised to buy
ICO.Wi guns and sufficient ammunition,
fins Is taken to mean 6ffl rounds for
eh rifle. The agents want as modern
rales as they can get, but are willing to
U-ie fairly old-fashioned arms.
fhey would have to pay from 13 to J10
for an old rifle, and up to JW for an up.
tn-date arm. They are willing to pay tlws
Mgher price. If they get all the guns
at the higher price the cost will be f?,
CCO.00O. It Is doubtful If there are too.oco rifles
In the country for sale Mexico, during
the trouble down there, took all the arms
the American manufacturers could turn
out. The manufacturers there are only
two in the country who could fill the
order have not nearly that many rifles
In stock
It is probab e that thte agents have
Btan scouring the country buytna; half a
o xen he, twenty there, and eventually
Reconverted Liner Spreewald and
Two Colliers Make Seizures 02,
LONDON. Sijt :i
The Hamhwrs meriran linei Spree
wald nas nfn raptured b the British
rruii.fr Hcrnirk )'aptatn Lls r Baker,
in th North Atlantic, the Admiralty an
nounced tonight Two colliers also were
The Spreewald was fitted out a? an
armq cruiser The two colliers carried
960 un of eoal and 150 tons of provt.
n, us for the German crulsere in Atlantic
The total number of German vevsels
which, according to latent reports, hive
been captured by British vessels at sea
or by British port authorities Is 92.
Nlnety.flvo German eseels were ije
Wined in British ports at the outbreak
of the war
Sevnt British vessels were held in
German ports at the commeneemnnt of i
hostilHief, and elnre then twelve ves
sels out of tne nearly 4V0 carrying on '
overea trade have been captured and I
tunk at tea, ,
The Spreewald sailed from Antwerp
in command of Captain Hintz. on Ju'y
1?, for San Juan She tj- reported to have I
sailed for Europe on September 4
The vessel was built at West Hartle- '
pool. England, In l&JC She Is of 3sM
tons. 36J feet long, to feet beam and 36 '
feet draft
BERLIN, Sept. 23 (By wireless
through Sayville, L. I to the United
Press). '
The War Office today officially de
clared that conditions at the front con
tinue to show the steady but neces
sarily slow advance of the German
he War Oce again places all of tho
responsibilit for the destruction at
Rheims, and especially of the Rheims
cathedral, squarelj at the doors of the
French. It Is stated that the Germans
withdrew from the town to save it but
that the French not only reoccupled It
but posted much of thel r artillery,
especially their three-inch guns, there.
The tower of the cathedral was occu- i
pled, the oltlclal report says, by I
French general officers who from that
point of vantage signaled the range of t
the German positions to tho gunners '
in the streets and on the outskirts of j
the city.
When the deadly character of the
French artillery fire became manifest
it was discovered that these ocers were
in the tower and the signal men could i
plainly be seen. It was therefore neces- I
sary for the Germans to open fire on '
the town and to drHe the observers
from their point of vantage. That tho
cathedral was damaged is a matter of
deep regret to all Germans, but It 18
insisted that firing on Rheims became
a matter of the most urgent military
necessity when the French themselves
turned the city int oa part of their
battle line.
The sinking of three English
cruisers Is the big news feature here.
The morning newspapers all place em
phasis on this victory. They eplaln
It will serve to reconcile the sailors
with the policy of repression which the
high naval authorities have imposed
upon them. Officers and men alike
have been chafing because they were
not permitted to go out and fight, but
now It is believed that the men will
be satisfied U successes of tills charac
ter continue,
A hostile aeroplane dropped two
bombs near the Dusseldorf airship hall
yesterda, but did no damage
Special messages from the western
front say ;ener,tl on Hmdenburg
pursued the Russians, until they
reached the shelter of their fortresses
at Kowno. The road3 are now lm-
passable. '"jThe .rrfiny season hasjset in
and torrential rains havo made all of
the territory closo to the frontier quag
mires. A number of special correspondents
make charges that the Russians aro
violating the Red Cross. They assert
that they personally saw a Russian
train of between 40 and 50 cars loaded
with rifles and ammunition, but with
the Insignia of the Red Cross displayed
on every car.
The noted Bavarian socialist, Mi
chael Schwab, has been awarded the
Iron Cros3 for bravery In the field. He
was serving In the landwehr.
The German press emphasizes the
loyal American attitude of neutrality
in refusing to make a loan for France.
At the same time the papers say that
so far as Germany Is concerned there
Is no need of any war loan from abroad
at this time
The letter of a high officer on the
Bavarian staff was made public by the
War Office today reciting details of
French atrocities. The writer declares
that he was an eye witness to the
French systematically firing upon Red
Cross ambulances carrying wounded
soldiers from the firing line.
It is also stated that a captured
German ambulance corps was stoned
by a French mob and all of the offi
cers' valuables stolen.
It is officially announced that in the
battle near Lannenberg the Russians
hail 160,000 killed and 92,000 captured.
The report of the Belgian art com
mission says that all of the state art
works and monumental buildings in
Liege and Loua!n have been saved,
the only exception being the library
building in Louvaln.
Servian War Office Contra
dicts Austrian Claims to
Victory and Reports Win
ning Nine Days' Battle at
VIENNA, by way of Rome, Sept. 23.
The WTar Office today denied positively
the Servian-Montenegrin claims of tho
taking of Sarajevo and of a disaster to
the Austrian army near Loznltza. The
official statement says:
"We aro Invading Servla successfully.
Sarajevo not only has not been taken
by the enemy, but the enemy's forces
who have attempted the Invasion of
Bosnia have been repulsed with heavy
loss and aro now retiring before our vic
torious troops.
"There havo been a number of cases of
cholera and dysentery at the front,
necessitating the Isolation of the suf
ferers, but conditions are not alarming."
"Wc Must Crush Our En
emies," He Tells Clergy
man - Visits Wounded
and Lavishly Distributes
Iron Crosses.
COPENHAGEN', Sept. 23.
Tho Kaiser was reviewing a regiment
of the Imperial Grenadiers, commanded
by his son, Prince Oscar, after the battle
of Vlrton.
"I salute you," he said, addressing the
men, Just after embracing tho Prince. "I
have often ston your gallant regiment at
maneuver. It Is a great pleasure for
mo to meet you again on conquered
ground. The heroic deeds at Vlrton havo
been engraved on the history of war
forever In golden lctteis. Your regiment
has upheld tho glorious traditions of
your forefathers In 1870 and 1871.
"The armies of the Crown Prince and
Duke Albreeht of Wurttemberg have ad
vanced victoriously. Our Eastern army
has thrown three Russian army corps
over the frontier and two more Russian
army corps havo been captured in the
field. For all these victories wo have
Ono to thank, and He Is our ancient
God, who Is over us,"
The Kaiser again kissed his son and
then drove off In his motor. Tho fog of
German warfare docs not obscuro tho
War Lord's movements, and It Is pos
sible to follow him from place to place
by means of Inspired Dlts ot news that
creep occasionally Into the German news
papers. The other day the Kaiser visited the es
tablishment of a Protestant religious or
der which had been turned Into a military
hospital. He walked through the rows of
wounded soldiers, spoke to the men and
grasped the outstretched hands of those
unable to salute or rise from their beds.
He afterward sent a rose to every
wounded soldier who did not have the
honor of a personal chat. Incidentally he
distributed Iron ciosses right and left.
The clergyman who had the care of these
wounded soldiers seems to hao addressed
the Kaiser with too heavy a heart.
"We have to make sacrifices in these
times," said the Emperor, and he remind
ed the clergyman that he had six sons
lighting In the war.
"Yes, your Majesty, that Is our prldo
and happiness," responded tho chaplain.
"1 did all In my power to keep peace,"
proceeded the Kaiser, "but our enemies
would not havo peace. Now we will have
to crush them to tho ground. Don't you
The meek clergman. In l elating this
conversation afterward, said he had noth
ing to do but to agree with the Emperor
and nssuro him ho was prepared to make
everj sacrifice for the fatherland.
Copenhagen Just now Is flooded with
German noivi. It can only be relied on
when sent by Danish correspondents In
Berlin. From photographic prlnte ex
hibited In thp 'newspaper windows? from
thrilling movies shown In the Copenhagen
picture theitres and occasionally from
lellable German newspapers. It Is possi
ble to get a gllmrse 0f the German army
in Its true light and the Iron hand that
rules It.
Coarse Jests at the cxpenso of the Brit
ish soldier aro to be sten In some shop
windows here. They are reminiscent of
the pictorial brutalities hurled at the
British army during the South African
LANCASTER, Pa , Sept. -. The resi
dence of Henry Wolgemuth, near Ellza
hetlitown, was destroyed last night by
fire. Mis Wolgemuth. suffering from
heart disease, was so prostrated by fright
that sho could not leave her bed and
while her husband and daughter wero
carrying her from the house she died.
LANCASTER. Ta., Sept. 23. Bantered
to catch a young mule, Jerome Rhoads, a
young farmer, of Coleralne township,
made the attempt and was kicked on the
head. Phjslclans say his Injuries are
Famous Glass Windows Ruined and
Walls Threatened.
LO.VDON. Sept 23
Nearly all of the thirteenth centurj
stained glass, and more especially the
amber kIbfs of the rose window in the
main facade of the Cathedral at Rheims
Is irreparably ruined, according to the
Paris correspondent of the Mail The I
treasures of the Cathedral were saved, I
however. Wiring under yesterday's date
he says'
"The shelling of Rheims and the smok
ing of the ruins continue Parts of the
walls and towere ot the Cathedral aie
falling continually, and the little hope
entertained esterday that the main
.fabric itself might remain is rapidly van
ishing. The town hall, museum and other j
hletoilc buildings are sharing the fate of
the Cathedral'' I
LONDON Sept 23 John Kipling, son
or Rudyard Kipling, has received t
commission as second lieutenant In the
Irish Guards.
Secretary Bryan Hopes Other Bellig
erents Also Will Agree to Sign.
W ASHfVGTU.v Sept ,3
Secretar- of State Br-an announced
thl afterncon that Bufsia has axreed to
ecording to one familiar with the jun , sign one of Us peace Weaves and that
tust n t 'v may get wwt w n is n'-peiui mat an tne other Deui
er 20.00Q rifles to ship abroad. gerents will do likewise.
Reed-Bird Mackerel
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Euatman Kodak Co.
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Atlantic CItr Store 1637 Boardwalk
mapping EyK nuxrl fi 40 uate 240 box.
Panpr "u,i l'uixrr. 60c Mo ehreti.
,?.. . ,7Sll,L.,,tr' 8 '" 23c $J 00 cae.
EZRA LEVI.NSO.N, 2 & JflltU fit., l'hila.
General Staff, in Many
Skirmishes, Co-operates
With Allies by Checking
Westward Moving Reinforcements.
ANTWERP, Sept 53.
Sharp fighting la going on in North
eastern Belgium between King -Albert'
army and tho Germans.
Tho Belgians and Germans aro reported
to be In contact near Mechlin, around
Termonde, and In the vicinity of Auder
mardc, some 15 miles west of Ghent
The obvious Intention of tho Belgian
army is to co-operate with tho Allies In
Franco by engaging the Germans over
bb largo an area as possible In Belgium,
so as to prevent reinforcements from
being sent west.
King Albert's forces aro also working
southward toward Brussels to menace
tho Gorman lines of communication. It
Is reported that tho advance guard of
one Belgian force engaged tho German
Outposts only 13 miles Trom Brussels.
Another report describes a lively skir
mish between Belgian civic guards and
Germans near Audermarde, about is
miles southwest of Ghent, on Tuesday.
Tho Belgians captured an automobile and
five prisoners, without any losses. The
Germans had three men killed and two
wounded. South of Mechlin tho Belgians
advanced and gave battle to a German
The Belgian forces are composed of In
fantry, cavalry and light artillery, and
nro lighting vigorously to prevent the
Germnns from establishing lines south
west of Antwerp.
Refugees from about tho district of St.
Giles-Wees, who havo Just come into Ant
werp, report the presence of Uhlans In
that locality.
Information given by tho Belgian War
Office gives tho impression that tho Ger
mans are being forced back from their
ntlvanced positions south and west of
The information brought by tho refu
gees from St. Glles-Waes, however, puts
a different face on the situation, as St.
Giles-Waes is only about 12 miles west
of Antwerp.
In their panicky state the fugitive
may have mistaken other troops for
Uhlans, but If they aro correct It would
Indicate that the advance guard of the
Germans Is pressing close to tho tem
porary Belgian capital.
It Is apparent that the small detach
ments of Belgian troops are acting In
dependent of King Albert's main com
mand. This would explain the skir
mishes between members of the Belgian
civic guards and Germans at scattered
points In Northeastern Belgium. It Is
undoubtedly the policy of the Belgian
General Staff to harass the German ad
vance to the fullest extent with flying
squadrons which can move quickly over
the country, attacking then with
drawing. The main Belgian army evidently Is
not far from Antwerp.
A. M. li)3,
1:642001 s. "th 8t.j clfrar store ana i-
dwelling- Unkn&ira
3.82 037 E. Mojamenalne a.e. : stor
and duelling of Samuel Frlll.Unknown
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6:100131 Baynton at.; dwelling- of
Benjamin McCarty Unknown
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