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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA1, FRIDAY; SEPTEMBER 25, 1914.
FLUTTERING WINGS MAY DISAPPEAR FROM CITY HALL
Tells 700 Delegates to Con
vention It Would Develop
Commerce and Be a De
fense in War.
- 5 "" U
ALBANY, N. V.. Sept. ai -An ovation
given the ileanibont Berkshire when
lie arrived here today with more than
TOO delegates to Hie seventh an mm I con
vention of the Atlantic Peeper Water
ways Association and their guests. The
day's proceedings were signalized by an
enthUslistlc Indorsement by Secretary of
the .Vavy Danlpls of thf project Tor an
Inland waterway from Massachusetts Ua
to the Gulf of .Mexico.
Carrying a bis spread of flags and bunt
ing, and with scores of visitors lining the
docks, the strangers received enthusiastic
greetings until the Berkshire canie to a
Leaving Hudson at 9 o'clock this morn
ing for an Inspection of the upper Hud
son River Improvements undertaken by
the Unllid States Government, the steam
boat made eood time to Alb.m. Break
fast was served aboard, and at II o'clock
the regular business session was opened.
Congressman ,1. Hampton Moore, of
Philadelphia, president of the associa
tion, presided. After n brief address, John
II. Bernhard. of Now Orleans, was Intro
duced as the ilrst speaker. "Modern
Barso Navigation" was the subject of the
Southerner's address. The other speakers
were Louis .1. A fielder. Anibrldge. I'.i , on
"Steel Barge Construction"; Henry W.
Hill, president of the New Yoik State
Waterways Association, on "New York's
Waterways" ; M.1or Michael .J. McHon
otigh. of the L'nlted States Knalneens. on
"Loral River Improvements," and Com
modore Frank Fessenden Crane. Qulncy,
Mass., on "Progress In New England."
A committee appointed by local busi
ness organizations met the delegates upon
the arrival of the Berkshire, and es
corted them to the State Kducatlonul
Building, where the afternoon 5osslon be
gun at 2 o'clock.
Jusephus Daniels, Secretary of the
Navy; Franklin K. Lane, sirctary of
Ihu Interior. 1'nlted States Senator Wil
liam Alden Smith, of Michigan: Governor
wmk . . ...,.- : ::iiik&m$mm
OF ENGLAND A SAD
EPISODE OF WAR
Flight From the Scourge
That Devastated Then
Country Included Persons
of High Degree and Low. I
By STEPHEN BLACK
The Belgian Invasion of England, nr-
cording to the London Dally Mall. I" nn
of the addest chapters In history. I'm- ,
Ing the last month nearly S,".m people
from tnat unhappy country have crossed
the English Channel, many of them, ono
nll-trw!,, now entlrelv destitute, robbed ,
of their money, their houses and their
me.ins of livelihood. Weie It not for the
helping hand of Great Britain their pres
ent ami f uttii.' would be entirely hope-
The refugees embrace all classes Bel
glum do not boast man leisured citi
zens. The people are essentially active
and hard workers at Industrv or agricul
ture. At the other end she h.is In ordl-nm-v
timea few or nractlcally no poor
Martin H. Glynn, of New York: Charles ; people. In Belgium nearlv every cuieii,
R. Miller, of Delaware, and Congress
man Tcter G Ten Eyck. of New York,
were the spaktrs.
DANIELS BOOHS WATKB.WAY.
Secretary Daniels, In his address ap
proving a waterway stretching along the
Atlantic coast, said:
Not only wilt this waterway lend
Itself tremendously to the develop
ment of Internal commerce and tend
to bring down the rates of transporta
tion, but It also will provide unusual
facilities for self-defense In time of
In any conflict between nations
which have navies, the all-important
consideration Is to secure Immediate
control of the sea. In such case the
nnvy of the weaker Power taks
refuge In some well-defended harbor,
where It seeks to wear out Us enemy.
- -If thtb weaker Power, having thu3
taken refuge In a safe harbor, can
maneuver Its ships through Inland
channels to other exits, it enJo)s a
The submarine has long been con
sidered a source of great effectiveness.
and If even the submarines alone of
the navy could have free movement
through an Inland waterway, the
power whose navy was bottled up
would be In a position to make a
longer defense until it could bring
Into pHy the resources of Its coun
try. The whole nature of a war
would be greatly affected by avail
able Inland canals.
HONORS TO VISITORS
either of smill or large means, owns his
own house. There Is no rent day tor nun,
si hl spare menus are Invested either
In indust'des or In a speculative mo'ey
venture. whl"h h dearly love.
The fire mid sword of the Germans the
devastated towns and ruined hamlets,
have, therefore, come doubly hard on the
gallant Belgians, and every class of
citizen hn to face temporary ruin In one
form or other
T1IK BELGIAN TREK.
The great Belgian trek began shortly
after th war s-tarte-1. After the first
flush of success, when the Belgians held
hack the advance guard of Germans, a
few of the wealthy classes made a pre
cipitate remoal to Folkestone, not. how
ever, without bringing with them plenty
of money, their Jewels and other portable
property. The were well-to-do mer
chants whose supply of reud) caih and
liquid securities were ea.-ily negotiable
at that time. The put up at the better
riass hotels at Folkestone and remain
there to this day. The sudden fall of
lylepe changed the whole situation. Ger
mai heavy artillery which could reduc
thls fortress In so short a time became
a compelling menace to th-- whole of
Belgium, and there then commenced a
rush of Belgian refugees to the safe
shores of Great Britain.
Mixed with the wealthier classes there
commenced to arrive a large number of
middle class merchants, shopkeepers and
artisans. Liege Is one of the wealthiest
of the Belgian towns. It Is the centre
of an extensive coal and iron industry
CITY HALL PIGEONS
COO HAPPILY WHILE
Handful of Determined Wo-
j men All That Stands Be-
tween Birds and Official
Decree of Extermination.
CZAR'S CAPITAL ROSE
ON NEVA'S WASTES
BY PETER'S ORDERS
Beginning at 8 o'clock, tonight Mil be contained wealthy coilmasters and
Jftvoted to a round of social ga,eeS Tn j fXnT'tSwZ
Jclegates and their guests will proceed ' tied with haste to the coast, leaving be-
m parade formation to the State Capitol . hind them practicall all their heiong
or a reception by the Governor. After i "igs. The boats from Ontend to Folke
Inspoctlon of the Capitol, which is t, be ' stone began to show the dire straits of
these people, and many oi mem wim writ
able to scrape together the necessary
passage money landed on our shores.
FLEEING FROM SCOl'RGB
Tho fall of Brussels accentuated the
ruBh. Ostnd was threatened, all Bel
glum was at the mercy of the Huns. Then
the rusn to Folkostone reached a climax.
All sorts and conditions of people, all
sorts of nationalities (led the country.
Followed quickly tho sack of Lou vain,
the fall of Numur, und the tragedy of
Mallnes. Tho rush beenme a rout. Three
steamers a da bringing as many as MKrt
refugees arrlvt-d at t olkestono from us-
Jlumlnated In their honor, several brief
ipetches will be made A buffet supper
rill be served by the Albany committee
V the Hotel Ten Eyck.
The Berkshire will rer lain over night,
put the delegates will transfer to another
iteamboat for the run to Troy early to
morrow morning for an Inspection of the
river work in that vicinity.
NEW RECORD AT ALLENTOWN
those of all former years In attendance
Friday Is Allentown's day at the fair.
It Is a sort of reunion day for the towns
eeople Todav also is Politician' Day.
trom a local standpoint, when the candl
lates on the county ticket will b n evi
dence. A true has nen declared btwen the
luffragettes and ami, who have been con.
iuctlng vigorous campaigns at the Tair.
The. would-be voters were seen yesterda
In a lolly locial gathering at tho camp of
the antls and hm questioned declared
life was too short to be fighting all the
lime. It Is admitted th.it .ut uf th
pretty Allentown g.rls were at lv .ooth
f the auffs. but lhe admitted their i hlef
voncern was voters, who are much more
lesirable than vouu
fills Year's Crowd at Fair Largest in
ALLENTOWN. Pa.. Sept. ri.-After the
A-elcome. shower la-st night the Allentown . n,i who cm describe adequately the
Fair began Get-away Day. This morn- medley of peoples from the devastated
Ing with renewed zer, despite the cry districts mingled with other fugitives
si nuni iiiiiei-. ion mir nas surpasses , from Orient and Bruges and Aniworpv
Louvatn. a short time ago n seat or
learning, with its famous Catholic L'nl
veislty, now a heap of runs, contributed
some of Its most learned professors and
teachers to tho rush, and many of its
Srj scholar. Ijouvaln also boasted a
large railway construction Industry whose
artisans swelled the dehaclt- Thero wre
also th wealthy shopkeeper and his
rumed assistants side by side. Belgium.
lilt Great Biitatn, is a naton of shop
keepers. Many of them are able to make
smull fortunes In twenty years and they
have come to us with what remains of
their gains. From Namur, which. Ilk
priceless Louvaln. was a tourist centra
with a "season," cam lodging house and
hotel keepers: also the ubiquitous shop
keeper and aituitna of a thriving cutlery
industry whkh prolds steady employ- ;
ment all the year routid.
Ualines, with Its fifi.rco Inhabitants. I
which boasted a large wagon and car
construction work for the state rail
ways, and a thrlvtnu furniture industry,
wmt over Its quota of ll-to-Jo citizens
and clever craftsmen, many at the latter
now in poveitv and distress Citizens of
nA.m;tnria uhr3A rhlftf lnriustrv Is Hits
spinning and wiavlnj; for the making of I
rones were also among lue refugees
One day there airtv-d at Folkestone by
steamer CoO Russian Jews from Antwerp
wealth v "miianEs."
One also carae across among tho refu
gees agricultural laborers from Ghent,
where there is a great horticultural and
arboricultural industiy in palm and sim
ilar plant!, which wre exported largely
to America and Uermany; and there also
arrived howl and lodging house kepers
and storekeepers from Qstcnd- Add to
this miscellaneous list wealthy diamond
merchants from Antwerp, who have
brought with them their precious stones,
and opulent bankers one man alone ar
rlNtd with Wj.OOjj francs In gold and you
got some idea, ne -essarlly i,nl a i ursory
one of the pot-pouiri of peoples who
have sought refuge In Kngland.
The Folkestone hotels are full of Bel
gUn women and chlldien whoe fathers
are fighting the gieat tight for their
homesteads. The little ones romp about
while the mothers cheiUh them anxious
eyed A telegram armes A whole fam
ily Is plunged into mourning by the loss
of a father or brother The children's
games cense and an unmitigated sorrow
r'-ilirs th-m, tK detai s of which are too
talrf"! t" wr.te.
BETHLEHEM BOY KIDNAPPED
V ..Mil i.i I
Physician's Son, 2 Years Old, and
Servant, Strangely Missing.
BETHLEHEM. Pa.. Ser. 23. -The 5
j ear-old son of Dr n. E Heacock. of
this city, Is the victim of a sensational
kidnapping, and a colored girl, employed
as a servant In the doctor's home, is
suspected of the enme. Both the serv
ant and the child disappeared late last
night w tills the physician and his wife
were away from home and so far noth
ing has been heard of either of them,
although the police have wired broad
cast the disappearance of the pair and
friends and neighbors have searched the
city In vain to locate the servant and
FORMER BELGIAN OFFICER
SUICIDE IN EAST RIVER
ss of Property Deeds in Fleeing
War Zone Prompted Act.
BV YORK, Sept 25 -The bod of
mat Verttieim. 5u xais old, a retired
man merchant and a former Lieuten
lu the tith Belgian mfantr. was
Id floating In the East RUer at SOth
emue to this country on September
d was a patient at the German Hos
fci this city He' lived man .ears
Ift'.uni. and. in leaving that ountry
t i trunk lOJitalnln i.a'a:' V i ,ip"--s
li; 19 urvuf i v ui i v-'t? -j.
When Pirector Hartc. of the Depart
ment of Health and Charities, begins his
crusade ugainst the pigeons of city Hall
Square, if he does shoot one, he will find
ho must contend with Mrs. M. M. Halvcy,
otllce manager of the Women's Society
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
Tin- crusade was to have b;gun t d.iv,
but Mrs. Halvcy headed a delegation of
women who called upon the Director.
Ho listened to their rcmonstmnce against
killing the pigeons and then stated ho
would hold the mutter under advisement.
Mrs Halvey says thero will bo no
slaughter of the pigeons.
She Is not threatening In nttitude or
anything like that, out her one aim is to
save those birds.
Some pvople sa that the City Hall
pigeons nro a nuisance. Others say the
Pigeons lend atmosphere to City Hall
Square. They liken them to pigeons of
rit Mark's Cathvdial in Venice. Who
would cvet hear of St. Mark'.! If It wer
not for the pigeons, they ask. If It were
not for St. Mark's, It is argued, who
would ever hear of Venice. A few people,
perhaps, might remember It because of Its
wet hlshwas and because a certain Hill
Shakespeare wiote a drama concerning a
mercant of the plnce.
There are a few friends of the pigeons
ovtn In City Hall. .Sheriff A. Lincoln
Ack'r says: "It the pigeons stay Drive
out tho rats. I give those little pet of the
public nearly IM nour.ds of feed each
week. Theio are a number of iats in
the City Hall that should be dispostd of."
said the Sheriff with a wise nod. What
h meant can on! be guessed at.
When the City Hall was completed, and
before even the olllceholders could select
comfortable chairs, and desks that weie
nut meant U hnid usage, the pigeons,
arrived. The li.drd that big pile of
ttone ovei and decided that under the
eaves wat, just the pUco for them. It
was and has been for years.
THE FIRE HOSE AGAI.V.
Director Harte U contemplating aiming
a hih-pressure lire hoso at the eaves and
drowning the pigeons. That was tried
onte before during the Iteyburn admin
istration. While "constant reader," wrote
to the newspapers protesting against the
cruelly, the wet pigeons, with cries of
protest and anger, flew over to Broad
Street Station and lighted upon the train
shed There thej dried off, groomed
themselves and returned to the City Hall
as soon as the hose ceased to be a menace
When a flro hose did not discourage
th'Wft 111. Tim U'L'ur, who then wis.
Assistant Director of Public Safety, got
busy. He said ho know pigeons all tho
way from the homing variety to stool
pigeons. Ho knew as much about them
as he did about race horses, and that
I'Le.io Is the man who devised the
wire-screen s'herae that is today seen
ovr-r all entrances to City Hall.
The scre-ns, all credit to O'Leary, did
bafflo the pigeons for several days. Some
b rd- Hew home late In the evening, and
In not the best mental condition bumped
against the screens.
They became bruised and wiser birds.
Then the pigeons got used to the device
and cleverly ducked under the screens to
find their rooming places
A Janitor of the Cltj Hall came near
Bulvtns the pigeon question. He fed the
birds everv morning and a they ate from
his hand on the city Hall roof he would
wring the necks of a half doren or so.
He did it quietly so as not to 'frighten
the flock. It Ui said that Janitor ate
pigeon pot pie even for brfakfu.it. He
died from appendicitis. The death certifi
cate did not ttate what effect a steady
diet of pigeons had upon him.
John Ilitchle. a, former detective feeds
the pigeons every day He will miss the
birds If thev are exterminated So will
a tall, slender loung man who feeds tho
pigeons every time they are photo
graphed It is remarkable how he tan
bob up at the pschologital moment and
get ino the camera's range
WIIiLIAM OF WIED TO FIGHT
GENEVA, Sept 26.
A dispatch received today from Lugano
states, that Trlnre. Wit lam cf Wled has
Joined the Ge-man armj yo1 jnteers.
Autocrat's Aladdin Spell
Crowned Unfavorable Site
With Mighty and Beauti
ful City Named in His
Investment of Belgian City
Would Take One Month
and at Least 200,000 Men.
In the centre of the Admiralty Square,
within the shadow of the Kazan Cathe
dial, stands the equestrian statue of Peter
the Great, founder of St Petersburg, "the
City of Czais." Perched upon a huge
Kiamle rock weighing 15,00 tons stands
the gorgeous monument to Peter, survey
ing the dream he conceived, and whose
name Czar Nicholas has changed from
"Sankt Petersburg." as the Russians can
It. to Petrograd. in his effort to purge the
city from Its Teutonic appellation.
Only a century and a half ago. savs the
New York Sun, that little peninsula
wlieio now stands one of the wonder cities
of the world was nothing more than a
drearv. marshy waste, surrounded bv
thickets and forests and Inhabited bv
a few lonely Finnish fishermen. On one
of the Islands encircled by the pellucid
Neva, commanding the entrance of Lake
Lagoda, tho Swedes maintained a stiong
foi tress, the possession of which was un
avalllngly contested by tho Russians.
Peter the Great, realizing the advantages
of the Swedish position, waged a relrnt-le.-,s
war for the pos.sehslon of these little
Islands. In 170., after the capture of
Neysschants. the Swedes were driven
from the fortress, and, even before peace
was established, Peter gave ordeis for I
the erection of tho city which he named
after h!h patron saint, St. Peter.
NAMED FOB PATRON SAINT
The building and maintenance of St.
Peteisburg marks a continuous struggle
and conquest of nature. The soil is a
marsh so deep and spongy that a solid
foundation In many places can only be
attained by a subterranean scaffolding
of piles. The highest spot of thp city Is
not moie than 15 feet above the sea level.
The weather Is severe and Is marked by
bitter frosts in winter and scourging heat
In summer For six months each year,
from October till May, the Neva is frozen
solidly, and Is ns Impenetrable as the
Chinese wall. All trafllc stops then till
n-uure releases the pott from Its frozen
An old legend has It that after Peter
the Great chose the site of Petrnvriiil lie
I noticed a heavy ring above the trunk of
a tree He turned to one ot the Finnish
flihermen who stood near, asking him to
explain the meaning of It.
"That," remarked the fisherman naively,
"Is the spot to which the Hoods of the
Neva leached last spring."
"Vou're mad!" shouted Peter. "You're
mad! It can't be! It Is Impossible!"
It was not long, though, before he was
convinced of the truth of the fisherman's
statement. One year after the work upon
tho city had begun the westorn winds
drove the water fiom the Gulf of Finland
down to the Neva, making a funnel of It,
flooding the nucleus of his dream. Al
though a century and a half has passed,
nature hus not changed her course
In 1712 the floods were so severe that
Peter the Great nearly lost his life. Thou
sands of people died in the coursi of it.
and the whole city was nearly destroyed.
Peter, however, wat. undismayed by the
misfortune, and In 17H he gave strict or
ders to proceed with the work, notwith
standing the complaints of the Inhabit
ants. Every building had to be con
structed In a particular manner suited to
the dignity of a capital city, and St. Pe
tersburg was proclaimed the capital of
Russia. Historians claim that 100,000 peo
ple died In the first six months after the
work had begun.
PETER'S MARVELOUS ACHIEVEMENT
Peter the Great, with whose reign the
spirit of western Europe was Introduced
In Russia, had a definite object In the con
struction of St. Petersburg. His truvels
and studies abroad revealed to him tho
lack of culture In his own country. Rus
sia was still under the Influence of the tar
baric Mongols. It had no navy. It had
no public newspapers. In fact. It lacked
everything pertaining to culture. Not only
the peasants, but even the noblemen were
nothing more than barbarians. To Peter
the Great the construction of the city
meant a "window to Europe." through
which the rays of tho Germanic culture
might penetrate the uncivilized Russia
Rut he was not satisfied with a mere
window. As soon as the ilty assumed
definite proportions he began to institute
many reforms In the lives of the people
calculated to shake it from Its Mongo
lian habits. He wag the first to publish
a newspaper for the general public, The
St Peteisburg Gaiette
I'nlike the present Czar, he wu a man
of wonderful abll ty and marvelous intel
ANTWERP, Sept. 35.
A month ago, or even less, a siege of
this city seemed not Improbable, but
things novo fared so badly with the
Get man army since Its retreat from Paris
that this contingency Is no longer con
sidered. The mcie preliminary Invest
ment of Antwerp would last one month
and require at least IMO.OflO men, and these
the Kaiser inimot spare Just now. much
as he may be inclined to set oven with
Belgium for daring to dispute the passage
of his troops through her territory.
That the f-ent of government should lie
changed from Brussels here was to have
been expected, for n retirement on Ant
werp had nlwuys hcen foreseen as an
essential part of the defense of Belgium.
As early as 1B9, ns soon as the fortifi
cations of Antwerp, creeled In lsfi0 hy
General Brlalmont. approached comple
tion, the principal port of the country
had been ofllclally chosen as the military
capital of the kingdom, as the "redult
nationnl" where the Government would
seek refuge In case of Invasion.
At that time there was no thought
of barring the road of the Meuso. The
field army's action was limited to the
northern part of the country, taking Ant
werp ns the base of Its opeiatlons. After
the first reverse It would have sought
rifuge In the stronghold, which was
This roiislHtr-d of three lines of de
fenses the advanced line, with nine forts
scattered on the south, and on the west,
IS miles from Antwerp, the second line,
with 1 1 forts, surorundlng the town at a
radius of about four miles, and the third
line, being the wall of clrcumvallation
LESSON FROM FRANCO-PRUSSIAN
The scare of 1870-71. when the Frnnco
Prusslan War raged, showed the danger
of this plan of defense. In order to
prevent nn armed Invasion of Belgian ter
ritory after Sedan, tho field army had to
be moved toward tho southern frontier.
In spite of the advice of experts. After
flerte quarrels and long discussions, Gen
eral Brlalmont's Ideas prevailed In 1S8S,
and Liege and Namur wero fortified in
order to guard tho Meuse road nud to
shelter the main nrmy during the first
staan of mobilization.
Meanwhile tho progress of siege artil
lery had necessitated a transformation of
the fortifications around Antwerp. The
military commission of 19(0 Insisted
stiongly on the urgency of such a work.
It wmh pointed out that the advanced line,
In spito of the flooding ot part of its area,
was far from complete, a gap of more
than I." miles being left open to the
enemv, toward the cast, between Schooten
and Llerre. It was also noticed that the
second line could not have resisted a pro
longed bombardment, anil that the third
encelente had accordingly become useless.
It was finally decided by the Chamber,
In 1906, to complete the first line by the
construction of 30 forts nnd redoubts, to
transform the second line to an "encelente
continue," und to demolish the walls.
ANTWERP PRACTICALLY SAFE.
It would be difficult to say exactly II
every particular of tho new program has
been carried out to the satisfaction of
military experts After the Agadlr coup
very strong criticisms of the War Office
wer made becaufo the first line of de
fense was still far from being complete.
The general. Van Sprang, who command
eel the place, admitted that, In case of nn
attack, he would have had to abandon
the first line. But since then very great
efforts have been made, and If we may
Judge by the results at Liege, the posi
tion of Antwerp mu6t be very strong
As long as England U mistress of the
seas Antwerp can never be short of food.
Holland would, no doubt, oppose the en
trance of warships In the Schelde. but
she has already allowed, and will pon
tlnue to allow, the entrance of freight
All these circumstances point to an In
vasion of Antwerp, even if the Kaiser's
troops are victorious in France, as both
unlikely and unprofitable.
Columbia Still Celebrating
NEW YORK. Sept. 36.-The Columbia's
crew w hich carried off the laurels at the
intercollegute regatta on the Hudson last
Jun- received another ovation last night
when the undergraduates and officers of
the university gathered at the bouse of
the Phi Kappa 1'sl raternlty tor a cele
bration of the event
TAGGED BY NUMBER,
IDENTITY IS SURE
OF GERMAN DEAD
"Clean-up" Squads Bury
Slain So That Battlefields
Shall Tell No Tales to the
By KARL H. VON WIEGAND
LIEGE, Sept 25,
if... ...!..... ,u it. ,? rinrmnti n.dvnnoo
for a timo dashed on the rock and steel
of Belgian forts, I saw something which
affected me far more than any of the
sorrows of war 1 have yet encountered.
It was a good sized basketful of metal
tags, under careful guard at military
"They nre all that Is left of 'unsere
braven Jungo' (our brave boys) who fell
In and around Liege their Identification
mark," said the o nicer.
I asked permission to examine one. It
wu a small tin tag with two holes for
the string or ribbon. A largo number
was stamped on It, and, below, tho num
ber of the regiment.
This little metal tag then that I held
In my hand represented a human life.
It was tho "remains" all that was left
of that llfo-of that husband, father or
brother. It was the monument and at
tho same time the metallic, tog and num
ber of a human life In the Indexed cata
logue of an army of human lives. Just
a metal tag with a number!
This afternoon 1 saw the "rest" of
that tag and many others like It rather,
the place where that "rest" or remainder
of that tag was. Between the forts Bar
chou and Evcgnes It was In the trenches
where the Belgians received tho Germans
with a murderous fire when thoy stormed
those two forts the first that fell thero
by getlng an entrance Into tho city. It
was here that these men went down
like grass before the scythe.
Here Is whore the metal tags wore
gathered. Each man nnd officer wears one
around his neck. That of tho private Is
usually a tag with a number correspond
ing with the number opposite his name
on his company and regimental rolls.
Many also have the number of the regi
ment on the tag. The tags of the officers
usually are of atumlnum and besides the
number havo the name and rank, some
times also the home address.
After the battle, when the Germans find
their dead, the collar on each shirt Is
opened, the string cut and the tag taken
and sent to headquarters for Identifica
tion. At Liege, probably for the first
time in German wars, death obliterated
nine ,,i uciiiiHii huic, ucmu uumeiuieu A S..1I,..., A,, t,A vn,,A rrt.... t. '
distinction in rank. For tho first time. Vcllow 0Ut ,f , the hoUse' They have '
so far as I can learn, German officers
and common soldiers were buried In the
A noncommissioned officer who com
manded a burial at Liege told mo thero
was not time to take much palnn in
burying. The fallen of the enemy are
not burled In the same trenches, hut are
placed together In a separate trench.
Even In death there shall bo no brother
hood between those who fought and took
each other's lives.
One of the features of the German side
of a battlefield In this war Is the thor
ough manner In which the Germans
"clean up" the field after a battle. It
Is not only the natural sense of "orderli
ness." which Is so characteristic of the
German character, but there Is method
nnd purpose. That Is, the battlefield shall
reveal no tales. It shall give nothing
from which a conclusion can be drawn
as to losses or any other Information.
Thero Is little trace of graves from the
size of which conclusion might be drawn
as to the number burled. In sharp con
trast to this nre the sections of the bat
tlefields over which the French fought.
At the last analysis It Is the"metal tic"
with a number, the symbol of a human
life of a soul sent out In carnage. It rep
resents the "ashes" of the battlofleld. Tt
Is the reverse side of the glory medal of
BRITISH CAPTURE LINER
German Reservists Seized Aboard
Dutch Ship Amsteldyk.
QUEENSTOWN. Sept. 23.
The Butch liner Amsteldyk has been
captured hy a British cruller. The liner
has a number of German reservists
FOR REFUSING TO
GIVE DP WEAPONS
German Novelist Hoecker,
Now a Landwehr Captain,
Describes the Harrowing
Scene and Says There's
A letter written from the field by Paul
Oskar Hoocker, one of the leading rjr.
man novelists, who Is serving as a cap.
tnln of tho Landwehr In Belgium, gvg
a vivid description of the searching and
shooting of Belgian civilians at Hoecker'i
own order, when they were found to be
In possession of weapons. The letter
which appears In the Berlin Lokal-An-zelger
of August 27, reads. In part, as
"Our assignment Is heavy and grievous.
Wo aro not yet to get Into the first Hue
wo do not even know whero the first line
la wo nro not yet to tight with hon.
orable foes In the field, But we are to
clear tho territory of the Mouse of
nnlpers. Each day shots are fired from
cover upon our troops as they pass, espe,
dally upon small groups, couriers, cycle
officers and the military motors. So at
last It Is a question of dealing sharply.
A clear nnd energetic proclamation hag
warned the Inhabitants of all Belgian
territory so far occupied by us to deliver
over to ns all weapons, ammunition and
explosives In tho next few hours.
SOLDIERS GIVE CHASE.
"No house In these parts Is without a
German flag. Just aa we open the gate
a young fellow makes a break for the
near-by woods. I giro chase, but the
white thorn bushes, high as a man's
shoulders, make pursuit Impossible.
"A woman appears In answer to our
shout. Is she alone In the house? Alone?
No ; she has a daughter of 15 years with
her. No ono else? Hesitatingly she adds,
yes, her husband Is at home, too. We
must search tho house from top to bot
tom. "A last word of warning: Tou know,
Monslour, that every civilian who Is still
found In possession of weapons must be
shot forthwith?' They answered: 'We
havo no weapons!'
"My men divide Into groups and search
cellar, living rooms, barn and stable,
and ransack the garden,
" 'Who was the fellow who eseaned
Just as we came In, Monsieur?' I ak.
'Hnve you, In this last moment, a con
fession to make to me?"
"The old man clasps his hands: No,
Monslour Officer, as a man of 72 yean
I swear to you '
THEY FIND A SNIPER.
"And then tho horrible happens. A
guardsman and a sergeant drag a young
found him hiding In the straw on the
ground floor. He had a Belgian gun In
his hands, loaded with five cartridges.
"From the attic window he may have
aimed that gun at many an honest Ger
man's head or chest. The young fellow
had been forced to raise his hands. He
stands there trembling, pale as cheese.
" 'Who Is this young fellow?' I aak the
"All three havo fallen upon their knees,,,
as a thundcibolt might have struck
them, nnd are raining loud lamentations.
The woman screams: . .,
" 'He Is my son! For God's sake, yeu
do not mean to tnko his life?'
"And the 15-year-old girl Is howling so
that our hearts almost break with pity
for her. The delinquent tries to break
away, but Is caught by our men.
"I nm obliged perforce to bring up
Into my mind tho picture of the poor
Germans on patrol, riding out, true to
duty. In the night, around whose heads
the bullets of treacherous snipers
whizzed: must perforce conjure up In
my mind the bright eyes and handsome
figures of our good German boys In or
der to keep my nerve In the face of all
this misery and lamentation and to obey
" 'Ho will bo shot. Three men forward!'
Fned for Assaulting Fatrolman
John Moyeskl, a giant Italian fruit
vender, who attacked Patrolman George
Haugh when arrested for peddling with
out a license, was fined 17.50 by Magis
trate Borle today In the Frankford police
station. Moyeskl Jumped from his wagon
and tiled to escape while Haugh was
driving him to the police station. He
struck at the officer when pursued and
refused to accompany him until Haugh
used his club.
Typical Soldiers of
In Sunday's Intaglio
Soldier types of the warring nations, with a page
of Great Britain's famous Indian commands, are
shown at close range in Sunday's Intaglio. There
are page-wide panoramas of the Knights Templars'
recent peace exercises on Belmont Plateau, and
photos of Germany's war lords and American treaty
advocates. Pages, too, of gay county fair scenes,
beautiful studio poses, artistic bed-room settings
and prominent women contributors to the season's
Because of its wealth of authentic gridiron in
formation, the Sports Magazine has been converted
into a special football number without slighting other
sporting activities. Among its articles on the possi
bilities of new football are special contributions by
Parke H. Davis, Glenn Warner, R. W. Maxwell and
Geo. E. McLinn. Wm. H. Rocap discusses "Who
Was America's Greatest Lightweight," and Paul W.
Gibbon tells of Philadelphia's new star in the tennis
firmament. "Ty" Cobb discloses the object of his
personal interview with Connie Mack.
PUBLIC (iMk LEDGER