EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1914.
PRESSURE OF WAR
Dr. Emil Lederer Virtually
Admits the Fact, But
Points to Good Harvest as
StfOIUES OF ADVENTURE
FROM EUROPEAN WAR ZONE
(RGET OF WARSAW FORT,
ZEPPELIN FALLS TO EARTH
Aerial Assault Fails When Fierce
Flro Pierces Envelope.
, WARSAW. Sept 28
' "PPelln was shot down and Its crew
" German otttcers and air acouts was
Vi,p!Jira aftcr a '"te attack upon the
m? ''PPellii appeared over this city
" V "J- Saturday Pretousl It had
td two bombs near the station of
rullrpad to Kallsfz Only on of
'" xploded and tbo i - e ji
BEItLIN, Sept. 28.
Whatever bo the outcome of the war,
the trade of Germany hns been so crip
pled that It it now on the verse of
total collapse. The progress made In
manufacturing In recent carn km simply
amazing. At the outbreak of the war
dei many linil probably overtaken Great
Britain, so far as foreign trade was con
cerned, nnd n j car hence would have
relegated her rlal to second place In
the world s commerce.
During the Hut six months of 1914 mer
chandise was exported from Germany to
the enormous value of 11,015,000.000, an
computed with Jl, 075,000,000 from Oieat
Britain nnd Ireland. This was running
England veiy closely, but whether Ger
many would have won or lost In tho
race will now never bo known, for tho
ar has changed the channel of tho
whole world's trade.
Ult. LUDBRBU'S VIEWS.
An article by Dr. Kmll Lederer In tho
VossWrhc Zcltlng Is an Interesting revela
tion of the extent to which German In
dustry has been already hit by the war.
The removal of nil men capable of
bearing arms has smashed Industiy
to atoms. All tho links uniting tho
various trades have been broken. Tho
crisis with regard to money and credit
which occurred In the tlrst Instance
was accentuated by the necessity of
financing the "war by a single stioke.
I he nttempts made to meet the
crlils by liquidating assets only mado
matters worse. The unrnrtmmtn m,io.
is that this liquidation, which Is cus
tomary in all times of crisis, does not
in the present Instance aflect merely
a small body of speculators, but ex
presses tho fact that German Indus
try nnd Its production are on a ficti
tious basis A complete transforma
tion Is necessary In order to cope with
the new conditions brought about by
At present there Is llttlo sign of
tills. Wo see tho apparent paradox
that, In spite of the Increasing ab
sorption for military pm poses of men
capable of working, there Is an In
crease of unemployment among those
that remain behind. Even the much-sought-after
labor of women cannot
find employment. Day after day un
dertakings are shut down or their
output diminished. Those, Indeed,
which continue at work nro working
with aimless overpressure and uncer
talntj, so that tho net output is di
minished. What aro tho decisive economic
facts? Does the complete break-up of
Industry which threatens Germany
Involve a disruption also of agricul
ture and of the supply of necessities?
The war means for Germany: First,
the prevention of exports, especially
of articles of luxuiy; secondly, the
prevention of Imports of the means of
subsistence, especially raw materials,
such ns cotton, copper, etc.: thirdly,
tho reduction or alteration in demand
by all nt the front and the restriction
of demand by those romalnlne nt
homo. There Is no longer any demand
for articles of luxury.
Ui.HMAN HARVEST GOOD.
Against these facts, which apparently
Involve the Government outlook for the
near future. Dr. Lederer mentioned
otheis which tend to relieve the picture
Germany, he sas, hos had a remnrk
tblj good harvest, so that, on the whole,
tho purchasing power of the agricultural
Industiy is remarkably big.
The same applies to industries which
eupplj the needs of tho army and other
public purposes. The problem Is to use
this purchasing power In such a way as
to revive oil those branches which supply
the needs of the above-mentioned Indus-
Dr Lederer then applies himself to a
discussion of soma process of develop
ment of Industries now ilnrmnnfr nml
In this connection sa:
"The question Is how to build
around tho sound kernel. It will re
quire, foresight and perhaps great ex
penditure for tho forces which could
bring about this reorganization auto
matically, do not exist Hitherto the
agricultural trades suppljlng tho
arrnj and public works and contracts
have been stimulated; tho decisive
problem Is, how can tho mass of pri
vate Industry be kept going or set go
' It must be remembered, first, that
the amount of avalable labour Is con
siderably reduced, secondly, that the
available raw materials will prob
and not bo sufficient for a long time,
thirdly, that the needs of private In
dustry have during the war under
gone considerable diminution and
i hance Theso facts must first be
recognized, then n fl sterna tic plan
of reconstruction must ho drawn up
with the help of Chambers of Com
meice and similar oiganlzatlons.
WHY GERMANY EXCELLED
Tho author concludes b recommending
the formation of a Central Permanent
Committee lepresentlng all the Interests
to see wnat can be done for tho revival,
fun upon a comnaratlvelv limited basis.
of the tiade and Industries mined by
should the wnr he nrntnnired thpi-A would
i b" great dlltlcult In accomplishing this.
Hut should hostilities cease and peace
Men onco more, there Is no reason why
tlermanj should not again become u
I great fuctoi In the world's commerce
Oermno excelled In even branch of In
, dustry, bo. It mining, forestn, agriculture,
jjoal uon or muchlnerj . textile or chem
ical Her muanlticent training, n.itient
Planning and tireless actlvltl enabled her
to master every problem In production
with a success uiiilvaled by mi) other
nation She owed her nrosnerltv to her
splendiJ government, unifoim, practical
and technical education, nubile control
i of the means of transpoitatlon and the
constant application of new scientific
methods in the pioccsa of manufacture.
There are, of course, other causes of
success, but It can be said with certainty
hat a country which Is favored b) the
four causes mentioned Is certain to
A striking Incident occurred at the
conclusion of High Mass In St, Patrick's
Church esterday when the vast congre
gation was astounded to hear tho great
organ peal out the tunc, "It's a Long,
Long Way to Tlppcrary." St. Patrick's
Is tho largest Irish Catholic congregation
In Canada, and thousands of Its members
are In the contingent of 32,00) Canadian
soldiers now on their way across the
Atlantic to the war.
As tho first notes of tho now famous
tune wore heard the whole congregation
stood still, amazed by the unusual non
church music. The feeling of surprise
wns followed Inetnntly by smiles and
every evidence of enthusiasm aa tho whole
congregation fell Into step, nnd many left
the odltlcc singing the song.
An exciting story of tho war Is printed
today bv tho Petit ParlBlen. It concerns
the adventures of Rlchaid Macgraly, a
private In the Scottish Highlanders, who
was enptured by the Germans near
Eluding his captors, Mncgraly plunged
Into tho Olso River while tho Germnn
Boldlcrx shot at him. Although the bul
lts nnrsed all around him. the Scot dived
far beneath tho surface. When ho bobbed
to the Biirfaco again the Germnn soldiers,
who were sunning nlong the banks or the
river, opened another fusillade with rides
nnd mngn7lnc pistols.
Mncgrnlv again dived and swam as long
ns ho could under water. Again ho had
to face the volleys when he rose to the
surface, the bullets spattering tho water
over his face.
After being In the water five hours nnd
swimming many miles, Macgraley flnnlly
found the French lines nnd Joined his
leglmcnt. Except for a few scratches,
paused by striking obstructions In diving,
the venturesome Scotchman was un
hirmcd. He oatlmntcs that more than
COO shots were fired at him.
British warriors have a new song.
Me.i rf Yorkshire, men of Kent,
rnv nllcm. O Cn alien!
Ye who Into battle tcnt
For jour faith, nml ye who Fpent
For your King our blood and tours.
Annwer us who cnll jnu now.
Speak across the mnlheil yesra
From the hnrvest field nKlow,
I'attloflclilit of InnK nKo,
Cavalier. O Cm alters!
War has rent the veil that hides
HnKland strength, nnd It appears
ConiiRUKht now by Pinter rlde.
And li) et the Irnnsldej,
Cavaliers. O t'av alters!
Ftlll the notde forelands tnud.
Still her (treen the oak tree wears,
Still the rtni; of Fngland Brand
vvavfB Miove the niKllsh nnd.
Ca altera, O Cav altera!
One for King nnd rountry all ,
Heedlcaa how the battle veers,
Sound the liuclo! At the cnll
JKIp us. so we hold the "nil,
Ironaldes nnd Cavaliers!
In one big business office of Liverpool,
a volunteer ambulance corps hns been
formed and classes arc held regularly.
Thev are very popular except among tho
office bojs, who complain that they aro
being "almost bandnged to death."
"It is rigorously forbidden for any
womnn to cast amorous glances at Urltlsh
and French prisoners," Is tho text of a
proclamation Issued by the military gov
ernor of Stuttgart.
A letter written by an English private
"I see you are all excited about getting
us plenty of socks, but Heaven only
knows when we shnll get a chance to
wear them. I haven't been out of my
boots for a fortnight. ... It would bo
much more to the point If you would
send us men to give the Germans 'socks.'
'Merry nnd Bright' Is still our motto
. . . Don't get downhearted, no matter
what jou hear at home. Some of these
dns things will come all right. Keep
)our ejes wide open and you will have a
big surprise sooner than you think.
Wo're all right, and the Germans will
find that out sooner than you at home.
"PRIVATE J. WILLIS"
A British soldier writes this to rela
tives at home:
"Things nre a good deal easier with
us now, for the Germans are getting
tired of always butting their heads
against a stone wail.'nnd we are keep
ing our spirits up wonderfully, every
thing considered. Wo don't mind how
hard the Germans press us, for we can
nlwnjs give them as good as they glvo
Us with something to spare as a re
minder to Kaiser Hill that he's backed
th wrong horso this time. I expect
he known It by thla time, nnd I wouldn't
be In his place for the world. It must be
nwful to feel that you hnvo mado mugs
of so minv poor chaps who are being
sent to their death for no good reason
that anv sano person can see."
Paris Is quiet and serene. Tho peopto
nro cajm and confident, Thousands of
French and Urltlsh flags flutter from tho
houses. The shops are open, but business
Is very quiet,
A sad feature of tho calmness of the
marts Is tho business In the dry goods
stores. In these shops most of the busi
ness Is done nt tho counters where
mourning Is sold The purchasers nre
most often w coping women, whoso grief
natutally affects the clerks.
Men and women, bearing, some of them,
the prominent American nnmes, are
working In the Nculily Hospital at tho
most menial tasks with admirable sclf
nbncgntlon, It Is the duty of an Ameri
can muttl-mlltlonalro to see to It that
wounded Turcos, some of whom have
been without a change of clothes for a
rortntght, aro thoroughly and conscien
tiously scrubbed, Dollnr princesses are
busy rolling bandages and preparing
A visitor to the Amorlcan Hospital at
Nculily sends this account of the Turcos'
"Splendid fellows the Turcos arc, most
of them, with their white teeth nnd fiery,
feverish Eastern ejes. They smoke In
cessantly, some of them SO cigarettes a
day. Hut English cigarettes are not fiery
enough for their pnlato. Fortunately, I
had brought with mo a number of Eng
lish magazines, nnd one of them, the
most profusely Illustrated, I loft for the
Turcos' delight. 'They lovo pictures,'
said tho nurse, 'and will lie looking at
them for hours at a time.'
"Ono of them, a magnificent fellow,
with the torso of Hercules, Is the Joy of
the ward. Ho has n.smlle that will not
como off. He was not bo cheerful when
he enme In, for It had been found neccs-
J7, lo rotnnvo one or his front teeth,
which had been split In a fierce hand-to-hand
encounter. Our Turco mourned the
loss till he was assured that ho would
be given a gold one-a nice, yellow, nhln
ng gold one-ln Its place. Since then he
has not censed to smile."
An English Hussar, wounded at Com
plegne, showed a correspondent the bullet
iimi mm snaiioreci ins thigh nn ugly
missile, with all tho appearance of an ex
plosive bullet. The point was bored, and
the leid behind had spread out and flat
tened. He got tho man who fired It. He
had been through all the fighting, from
Mons to Complcgne. They hnd seldom
had more than a couple of hours' consec
utive sleep "We slept with our arms
through our horses' bridles. But It's a
grand life." he said, with gu3to, 'and I
want to bo bnck at It."
He had only contempt for the Uhlans.
We camo upon a dozen of them one day
In a Hinge. We were seven, but ns soon
as they saw us up went their hands. We
took them nil" A packet Of Engiun
clgarettcs-the first he had smoked for a
month were a welcome boon. He lay
back, and took Ills first Inhalation wltti
nn Infinite satisfaction. English soldiers
seem to find the French tobacco too
harsh nnd strong. Newspapers, too, nro
always welcome, for In modern warfare
It Is the looker-on who sees m6st of the
The Free Masons of'Rome have offered
the Government tho great palace used
by tho Grand Lodge as headquarters for
use as a hospital should Italy enter the
wnr. This Is the largest structure of Its
kind In Rome. The Minister of War has
replied that If the need arises the kind
offer will be accepted,
There Is mourning In Berlin, Each day
more nnd more death cards "for King
nnd Fatherland" appear among the ad
vertisements In the papers, A son, a
husband, a brother. Is lamented The
number of black-bordered cirds fill a
page of each paper. And this Is true
In every town In Germany. Newspapers
from Hanover, Cologne, Alx-ln-Chapelle
nil tell tho same tale. The stream of
wounded grows. Might after night the
trains rumblo Into Berlin nnd the long
procession of ambulances start, nnd now
those who stay at home receive back
unoponcd the letters they have been send
ing to relatives nt the front. In red Ink
across tho face of the envelope Is writ
ten the ono pregnant word, "Gefallen "
Hundreds of Parisians went last week
In pious pilgrimage to the cemeteries of
Uayne and Pnntln to pay tribute to the
graves of the soldiers. Early In the
morning women cntorctl the grave)ards,
their arms full of flowers. Tho fresh-
mado graves were strewn with Mnr
guerltes. Women of poor fnmlllca brought
artificial flowers and wreaths.
Ono bent and aged woman, whose back
was bowed with )cars and who wns
dressed In cheap black garb, carried a
handful of paper flowers In her hand.
In rcpsonsc to questions, she replied In
n thin, quavering voice that she had two
sons and three grnndsons nt the front.
Some of the women, for the throng
wns virtually composed of women, car
ried humble wooden crosses decorated
with tricolor of ribbons.
Tho tombs of tho English who had
found a resting place on foreign soil were
deep with flowers, the gifts of French
nnd English hands.
Several of tho graves those especially
of tho native Algerian troops were nnmc
less. Tho wooden crosses bear such In
scriptions ns thus: "A soldier, believed
to be of Arabian nationality, whose Iden
tity Is not known." Theso nnmeless
tombs, no less and perhaps evon onoro
than the others, share In the memorial
tribute of flowers.
A soldier writing to his relatives In
Paris of the recent fighting sayB! "Tho
German ofllceis tried many tricks. For
Instance, there were shouts In French,
'Fix b.i)oncts, forward, charge!' Thla
was to lure us out of our trenches. One
unfortunate section was deceived, and ns
It charged was cut down by fire from a
machine gun. They are continually rais
ing the c,ry, 'Cease firing!' Nobody heeds
It now, but this disregard has got us
Into some awkward situations, as on sev
eral occasions our own officers had given
PRINCE, IN TATTERS,
MET WITH REBUFF
AT WOMAN'S HANDS
Prince August Wilhclm
Courteous to Nurse, Al
though Men Were Not
Admitted to Hospital.
PARI8, Sept. 23.
A Red Cross nurse who has been nt
Rhelms since the first shells fell on
StpKmber 2 sya the Germans behaved
In tho most correct manner on their
entry Into the place on September 4,
when neither civil nor military authori
ties remained in the town Many of the
officers and men believed they were only
12 miles from Paris.
"One day," sa)e this nurse, "a young
o nicer, whose uniform wns tattered and
extremely dirty, asked mo politely In the
Btrcct, after saluting me, whether I could
receive some wounded In my hospital
I replied that It was Impossible as the
place wm already hill and w were un
nbte to feed thow who were there. The
officer thanked me. I ww Mm then go
to a shop, where he made some pur
chases. He came out of the shop with
his hands filled with sausages nnd other
eatables. The ragged young officer was
Trlnce August Wllhelm, the Kaiser's
fourth son. ....
"The German general explained that
the first bombardment on September 2 waa
due to a misinterpretation of on order
given to the battery.
"The Germans began to leave on Sep
tember It nnd the French arrived the
"On the day the cnthedrn! was struck
by the flrrt sheila we wero compelled
to empty the hospital. We transferred
the Injured during th night while there
was two hours of quiet and Installed
them In champagne vaults. I had '0
mjeelf In one cellar. v wem compelled
to search for provisions during the day,
nnd In this work five religious nnd three
lay female nurses were killed.
"Life In the vaults was terrible, and
t fear It Is still continuing. Tetanus
and gangrene threatened each sufferer,
nnd Infection had to be fought every
minute, which was most difficult, ns
many of the wounded were unable to
move. Between 7 o'clock In the morn
ing and 6 o'clock In the evening I counted
ISO shells falling or parsing Immediately
over us The odor from the bursting
shells mode breathing sometimes Impos
sible. The uproar was such that It wns
Impossible to hear and wo were obliged to
shout Into each other's ears.
GERMAN CASUALTIES 104,519
05,908 Reported Wounded; Only 15
BERLIN, sept. . The total Germn
easualtles in dritd, wounded, and missing;,
as ofTlcallly reported to date, are ie,M.
These are made up as follows! Dead, 16,
74j wounded, tS.XB; missing, 2J.007.
The casualty list announced yesterday
adds a total of 10,617 casualties to those
Tho last previous summary of totals,
which came out from Berlin, was dated
last Wednesday. It announced that I0,
OS6 Germans had been killed and ,7W
wounded, while 18.M1 were missing, a
total of M,t7. The loss of a thousand
more Germans was chronicled In a. dis
patch sent from Amsterdam last Friday
and evidently quoting ofTlctal German
Yesterday's list Included only 10,67, so)
that apparently other lists, totnlllng more
than 20,000, were Issued In Berlin be
tween Wednesday and Sunday without
reaching the outside world These figures
bear out alt the reports about the terrlfle
fighting that has been going on, especi
ally along the line of the Alsne.
Live Money for Live Mortgages
In snnoo to $50,000 nmounts; nn advances.
Send full particulars Immediately.
HORACE K. READ
271 IIItOADWAY. NEW YORK
JREAI. ESTATE FOR SLE
nCU, ESTATE FOR SAI.E
. . j .. .... i -: . . - i. ii v , r rt
NTvIp8it,.ir,,I,Bvir,1 12, nUY MAIN riNK 0"KS AT UNUSUAL TRICES
ftVl?5?,5A,A5,?W5"IWI.INB, HEAUTIFCT, ST. DAMPS ROME
14 rooms, 2 baths, finished In white and
iiiuuiiHuiiy, i.icryimnr modern anu In
SVU5..?,' h?''o '": 0 rooms. J TII,ED
2hiT"SiY'ih s"ownR Interior flnlsh
white, f.lvine room mlislon. ind all
?0,',nn1oniRpornT,men".. S'eePlnc Porch
Lot 00x210. in excellent ne shborhood,
near station. S8000
A NEW IIOUHB. Colonial design. f
rooms, 2 baths Finished in whlto and
mahoeany; brick porch; steam heat and
nil modern conveniences Lot 00x210.
Within two blocks of station.
cellent condition. Heat from central plant.
"efr,y...Hn cre' old shade, near station
and golf club. Look at the price. 112,000
CAN BE REMODELED
small cost. A very handiom.
fanhlonea hrJck house, rnuxh-cast; larre
lot. 103x210. with beautiful old shade
trees; near station nnd In fine residen
tial section. House has 0 rooms, bath,
all modern conveniences. S7000
The royal significance
of the Pianola
Years ago the ability to play the harp was used as
a method of distinguishing the freed-man from the slave.
A harp was a possession which a slave could not afford,
and the ability to play it was an art that none but nobility
had time and opportunity to acquire. All royalty played
Today, kings, princes and all other grades of royalty
use the Pianola. It is the standard court instrument of
But, best of all. today, unlike the rlav nf tl, 1,am
aSlKSUXlK evervhorlv ran ninv fr.c m.,,1 ..:i TI i '
u ! ; ' ; ...wv.luJ,a,inivucgcs, me pianola
is built in models at various prices lo accommodate every
rtoyal Warrant of " " t
Appointment of the Heppe s will arrange terms for those who do not
Majist" Grge v care to make cash settlement.
ot L'nsland PIANOLA-PIANOS
Steirtway (grand) ... .$2 1 00 Weber $ 1 OOfJ
Weber (grand) 1800 Wheelock 750
Steinway 1250 Stroud ,' 559
Francesca-Heppe Player-Pianos $450
Aeolian Player-Piano $395
Write for complete illustrated catalogues.
C. J. HEPPE & SON
! 1 1 7-1 1 19 CHESTNUT ST. ' 6TH AND THOMPSON STS.
Store Opens 8.30 A. M.
Store Closes 5.30 P. M.
The Grand Organ Plays Tomorrow at 9, 11 and 5:15
THE WANAMAKER STORE
In the Great Sale of Bigelow Rugs
There Is Splendid Choice in
9x12 Feet Size
This is a sale of large stocks aed complete
assortmemits not am emergency collection of
odds and ends.
It is a sale that came about naturally by
reason of a very important and very uninsyafl
industrial event the merger of the great
Bigelow and Hartford rug industries.
It brought to us the Bigelow warehouse
stock in such large variety that you may
choose from ten different weaves in most
u:ooms3ze rugs. For example:
Here is yow choice of 9x12 ft. rugs
all at a flat reduction of one-fomrth
In several other room-size rugs the selec
tion is as large as in the 9x12 size, and there
are many small rugs in the same variety.
(Fourth, Floor, Market)
Ardebil Wiltons, $45
Daghestan Wiltons, $37.50
Balkan Wiltons, $37.50
Bagdad Wiltons, $32
Puritan Wiltons, $27.50
Bagdad Brussels, $24.50
Utooia Axminster. &7A
Middlesex Brussels, $21.75
"""' - pi
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