47WMVrr"i.I j ! '
"ww -?( jN?
EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, MONftAY, SEPTEMBER 28 1914'.
EVENING &&j LEDGER
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CTIIUH II. K. CUIITIS. Pj-MiPtHT.
OfO. tV. Ochii. Rfcretury! John 0 Martin, TrMmiifM
, I'hillp 8. coiiini", jonn u. n
Chrlt H J.iMlnifion
Ctnns It. IC. cdrtiRi Chairman.
1. n. WJIALKT. . Executive E-lltnr
jOHM C. MAttTlN.
. . .One ml llunlncm Mnrr
dally. Meent Rllndnv. nt I'mt.tO t.MXlM
HulldlnR, Independence. Pnitnrc. rhllnilMphln.
X.ijf. Pf.xTt. .,..,,,, , .Brood rind Chestnut Street
ATttTI" !itt... ,,..., rt'-Vlon RulMInc
Hr.xr Yonnc... .....170-A. Metropolitan Tower
CmcAno.. sir tlnme lnxtrnnce tlulUtln
London.,,. 8 Waterloo Mace, fall Mall. 8. W.
HmtMnim. tlnniuu The TafHaf nutld n
WAtrixnToff nrnto The Pout nulldln
Jftw Yon Ilcnit.tu The rimes nutldlnit
Pf(l.t.v IlcrtEAC no Frle.1rlchtra
London IIubkao ., 2 rll Mall Kurt. S. W.
Pin Behead.. 02 Iluo Louis le Urand
nr carrier. PAtt.t Only, lx cent. ny mall, po'tr"'1'
jnjieme or rnnnucipnia, exrept unere rnreipn po.iae
i required, iJAn.T u.vLT, one momn
Dittt O.vlt. one year, three, dollars
mm payaDie in auvance.
All mail suoscrip.
BELL, 3000 WALNUT
KIA.MO.M'. MAIN 3000
KT Addret nit eammnnlenltona to Evening
Ledger, Independence Square. Philadelphia.
H.iTr.unn at tub rim.ADr.t.niiA pnaTovriCN as rfcond
. fUMWlll MATTNt.
rilHADELPHIA, .MONDAY, SKIMRMIIE1I 211, 1U
Look Out For Red Herring
TAXPAYERS nrc determined to have rapid
transit. They will not bo euchred out of
It. Any scheme, therefore, Involving the
expenditure of Inrge sums of city money
should be viewed with the gravest suspicion.
It la an old trick for obstructionist politicians
to defeat a transit project by dedicating a
large part of a municipality's funds to other
plausible enterprises. There are few contem
plated public improvements of so great Im
portance as the building of the new subway
elevated system. As a choice between it and
any other Improvement, transit would come
first. It is a good time to be on the lookout
for red herring.
"Safety First"' for l'cnroscistn
THE Old Guard is out for lialos, or any
thing at all that looks well and costs
nothing a little stolen altar lire to blind the
public eye to facts. John P. Connelly dons
the mantle of Judge Lindsay, drops a sob
over the delinquent child and negotiates the
Municipal Court grab. But, as always, the
master outdoes the man. Penrose has found
the perfect halo. It encircles his classic brow
on his newest campaign button "Safety
First." The best advertised phraso of the
year, appealing, reassuring, yet gloriously
abstract, how well It goes with Penrose.
"Safety First." But whoso?
Mexico Labors iu Transition
WHETHER or not Huerta and his gov
ernment would have brought order out
of chaos in Mexico if the ex-dictator had re
ceived the aid and recognition of the United
States is no longer a question in the minds
of serious students of Mexican history and
affairs. The struggle of the Constitutional
ists has not been a bandit raid upon their
country In the name of revolution. It is the
came struggle which Inspired Hidalgo and
Morelos and Guerero and Juarez and a host
of other patriots in their fight against the
tyranny of Spain and the oppression of the
privileged class in their own country. It Is
the same struggle which sounded the death
knell of feudalism in Europe before the ad
vent of the modern industrial era, and it is
the same struggle which inspired the Ameri
can colonists in their battle for political and
economic independence. Mexico, the country
of early Spanish superstition and despotism,
and, later, private exploitation and betrayal,
Is Just waking up to the fact that feudalism
is not the last stage of human progress. At
last she stands upon the threshold of a new
era. The transition, because of its long de
lay, is being accompanied with unusual hard
labor and suffering. It will be accomplished
In the end.
Music Teachers Come to Their Own
VJIHE laying of the cornerstone of a home
JL for retired music teachers in Germantown
i only another sign that the American peda-
' ogue of music is at last coming into his
1 Bwn. The biggest portent of all is the wur
;l cif.n- over Europe. Hitherto the foreign
teacher has had everything his own way. The
prestige of the Continent led every Ameri
can pupil who could afford It to take the
long Journey overseas. Now It will be a reck
less parent, indeed, that will trust a son or
daughter to the chances of Italian neutrality,
while It is doubtful If either conservatories
or private teachers will be doing business in
Germany, France or England. Our Ameri
can teachers may not be the equals of the
European; they have never had the material
with which to prove their abilities. Now is
their chance. If they know their art, what
they call the myth of Continental training
will be exploded for all time.
to bo charncterlsUtf of American ma .ncrs. 11
Is largely through this naturnl disposition of
the public that the political boss has climbed
Into power and, In many cases, remained
there. What ho has secured for his con
stituents hns been appreciated and thanks
have been duly rendered, 'Tork" In a rivers
and harbors bill, a bank check for charily, a
barrel of Hour for it workless and wngeless
voter by such menus the eorruptlonlst In
politics retains popularity with that "good
fellow," the public.
Hut even In a "good fellow" the spirit of
rebellion I? not dead. There may come to
him n recognition of the fact that ho has
been Imposed upon, that the other "good
follow" has gone too far. 11 Is humiliating,
maddening, to be made a means to an end.
tn politics the rebuke can be administered
at the polls.
Daylight Kills a Grab
ORDtNARV citizens may be in doubt con
cerning the plans of the Organization
"to make a killing" through the acquisition
of land and palaces for the Municipal Court,
but the Organization Itself knows what It
wants. The architects were not nsked to
draw plans for one building on a corner lot.
The project Involves an entire city block.
Not only will tho building of the one structure
provided for In the loan bill Increase Imme
diately the cost of tho land which tho city
will have to acquire later, but It will enhance
greHtly the value of all property In tho
vicinity. This does not Imply real estate
speculation, for It Is not speculation when
men gamble on a "sure thing."
Tho light of day has put an end to the
illegitimate profit In the transaction, how
ever. The small hotiseowncrs now under,
stand tho scheme, and they will neither sell
nor give options. They will take the profits
themselves, as Is proper, if the extravagant
plan is finally consummated. But the whole
adventure has given the x.lty a clear view of
the methods by which Penroselsm In Phila
delphia flourishes and retains Its power.
Old Issues in New Primaries
NEW YORK, holds its first primaries today.
It will doubtless afford some relief to
tho voters of that State to use the oppor
tunity of thinning out the number of can
didates for the Governorship and certain other
olilces. There have been so much brawling
and billingsgate and general confusion that
the voters will be lucky if they can see any
issue at all except the old ones of Tammany
and liarnesism. But these old ones still need
attention, and today the principal Issue at
the polls Is good citizenship.
Stage Set for Republicanism
A REBOUND toward conservatism is ap
. parent throughout the United State. The
war has sobered public opinion, tn foct, even
before the war sentiment was veering away
from the experimenters who imagined that
the only sure way to further morality was
to change the form of government. But this
return to common sense does not rm-an a re.
turn to Penroselsm and the other kind of
"Isms" which were so emphatically repu
dlated, first In 101O and later in 1912. The
people have learned that they can have aim
pie honesty without fanaticism, and they are
coins to insist on having it.
The stage is set for a triurnphar.t revival
cf militant Republicanism. Everywhere men
Bre asking themselves If it is worth while to
think more of foreigners' trade with us than
of our own trade with foreigners. They are
more determined than ever to make this na
tion absolutely independent in a manufac
turing way. They are ready to go forward
in constructive enterprise: they are anxious
to begin ngaln the upbuilding which has
temporarily lagged. They will not hesitate
to vote their convictions at the polls if as
sured of honest and faithful leadership, of
capable Instruments to carry out their
If Pennsylvania Indorses Penroselsm it
will merely convince tho nation that there is
more cleaning to be done before the Republi
can party can be entrusted with the conduct
of the Government. The defeat of Penrose.
Ism. on the other hand, will convince good
Republicans everywhere that their oppor.
tunlty Is at last at hand.
Shocks From Ice Cream Plunges
ICE. CREAM has won oilicial standing as
a food. It used to be considered a sort of
thermal debauch; you expended untold
pounds of energy in melting it. The cream
value was nothing compared with the waste
in bringing it up to tho tempernture of the
human interior. But some of tho doctors
have changed all that. Ico cream is now tho
best number on the program, the perfect
close to the alimentary entertainment. And
It is that same chilliness which docs the
trick. The ice acts like a cold plunge in the
morning, a shock which leaves tho stomach
in a glow of reaction. Such Is the new theory
that has made triumphant progress among
the young. Vet a doubt remains. A bath
is a shock, but it is sudden, brief. You don't
have to sit in the water until you've raised
it to your own temperature. Ico cream is
Children Point the Way to Health
THE public schools are the big field for
social sanitation. Proper treatment of
tho school child brings us close to the source.
There disease can be discovered and cured
before it has wrecked life. Scientific school
hygiene means finding the best environment
for the physical and mental growth of the
child. It means correcting physical defects
while they are still remediable. It is useful
in bringing standards of right living into
homes without them, homes where disease
otherwise breeds and spreads. The child is
the easiest and most fruitful avenue to pub
Peace Earned, Not Bestowed
REWARDS are promised peacemakers in
the future, but here they have their own
troubles. Various are the peace theories In
these days of war. Some would enter into
compacts of fellowship and enforce them with
soldiers. Others would make treaties by
signing a paper which In times of trouble Is
likely to be trampled under the feet of armies.
Another peace party would cultivate public
opinion against the horrors of war. All these
theories are good whilo the nations keep
sweet, but once they grow angry ideals of
federation disappear like frost before fire.
Peacemakers, however, look forward to the
realization of a golden dream, and deserve
encouragement. In the meantime, let us re
member that peace is something earned, not
bestowed; that tho fighting blood of the
animal cannot bp changed by resolutions or
Peace Is one of the ripe fruits of the eternal
"Ten Conts a Pound." Do you cotton to it?
"It's a long, long way to Tlpperary" for
It looks as If Carranza Intended to get out
and get under-
The baseball situation may be described as
beans and more beans.
"Prosperous" France extends the mora
torium, whilo Germany subscribes 115.000,000
The "Good Fellow" Has a Smashing Fist
THE American public, it has been said, is
a '"good fellow." Whether or not Kipling
was right when he asserted that our people
are Indifferent to liberty and equality, but
Insist on fraternity, good fellowship seems
The capital slum bill has been signed by
the President. Nothing remains to be done
but get rid of the slums.
Housewives ore blamed for the high cost
of sugar, it having been proved that they
continue to use it.
There has heen too much confusfon about
a simple thing. Przemysl is pronounced as
if it were not spelled that way.
The events of the last week In Europe hava
proved that tho Germans and Allies are
tied for llrst place in the AntLCivillzatlon
H must cause George, Fred Williams a
sharp pang to view A. Rustem Bey and see
Just how much Indiscreet talk a diplomat
The President did right to stop the plan
of New Jersey Democrats to indorse him for
a second term, but it may be noticed that
PASSED BY THE CENSOlt
THE HON, JOHN F. FITZGERALD, bet
ter known as "Honey Fltz," the man who
made lloston fatuous and placed the Sacred
Codfish on tho map, or vice versa, Is a light
ing Irishman, who docs what Is exactly op
poslte to accepted standards. Himself n
Democratic boss, he whipped his follow
bosses. Defeated for Mayor he "qnmo back"
nnd was re-elected. In fact, he Is nkln to
Gilbert IC. Chesterton, the English wit, of
whom some ono wrote In the American
When plain folk such ns you and I
See the sun sotting In tho sky,
We think It Is tho setting stun
But Mr. Gilbert Chesterton
Is not so easily misted.
He calmly stands upon his head
And upside down obtains a new
And Chcstertonlan point of view,
Observing thus how from his toes
The sun creeps nearer to Ills nose,
He cries with wonder nnd delight,
"How good tho sunrise Is tonight!"
It Is so with "Honey Fltz." Retired from
the olllcc of Mayor, he sought now Holds to
conquer, nnd found them In a clothing shop
near Scollay Square, where Fltz now tits
troubles are ns the sands of the sen, once
had an experience which he recounted with
zest for many years. He had been visiting
the villa of a. friend In tho outskirts of
Vienna, and hnd played cards until 2 in tho
morning. Not desiring to disturb the house
hold, ho started for the front door In tho
dark, promptly upsetting a chair. Tho old
cook, awakened by tho noise and thinking
that It was n thief, rushed Into the hall. She
recognized the Emperor nt once, nnd, not
knowing how to entertain a ruler en negligee,
she dropped on her knees and nt the top of
her voice started to sing the national anthem,
"Gott crhaltc Franz don Kaiser."
T HAPPENED long ago, so there can bo no
good reason why this story should not
be told, although It concerns an esteemed
contemporary. Its owner established an
American dally in London and promptly en
gaged nine English Journalists and one Ameri
can reporter, named Hnverley. Then Lon
don wns placarded from end to end with a
request that Britain buy "next Sunday's
Issue," In which could be read a beautifully
illustrated and well-written description of
"Historic Hnmpstead Heath." The pictures
were In the ofilce and nn English Journalist
was sent forth to get the reading matter,
with instructions to report not later thnn
Friday. Friday noon came and no Journnllst.
Evening came and no sign of the missing
genius. Then the editor called on Hnverley
with Instructions to get the desired matter,
if he had to die for it after he was success
ful, of course.
Now, Hnverley knew ns much of Hnmp
stead Heath as a cat does of tho calculus,
but he wus an American. So he hied himself
to Hampstend Heath, where he found tho
Three Spaniards, an inn owned by tho same
family for 300 years. To the proprietor he
told his troubles.
"I can help you," said tho innkeeper. "My
grandfather, father and myself have kept a
scrapbook of everything written about the
Eath most of it is by Thackeray, Scott,
Dickens and George Augustus Henry Sala."
Haverley swore by all that was holy to
return the book, and departed In triumph.
At home, knowing the need of speed, ho
scissored and clipped the precious pages
right and left, wrote an introduction and
rushed it to tho composing room, where it
was put into type.
The Wednesday after this concoction, the
mental emanations of Dickens, Scott, Thack
eray and Sala, had seen the light of day, the
managing editor of the London dally received
a letter from the proprietor In Parlj, reading:
"Please congratulate the gentleman who
wrote the story of Hampstead Heath. It
was a masterpiece of English."
THE proprietor of a Chinese restaurant In
Race street bought a phonograph not long
ago and with it a dozen records of Chinese
music. Then he tried it on his patrons. From
the horn issued a conglomeration of cacoph
ony beyond the power of mere words to
describe. Shrill trebles, malo falsettos pre
dominated, punctuated by speaky tenors. In
terspersed was the din of tom-toms and the
plunk-a-plunk of celestial banjos. It was a
sextet, the proud owner averred, but not
For a full minute the noise continued; then
It assumed tangible shape emblematic of
the topsy-turvy character of the Chinese.
Throughout was a leit motif, repeated and
reiterated tlmo and again. Then came a
crescendo, tremendous In Its sharp shrill
ness, accentuated by hysteric beating of
drums and thumping of stringed instruments'
of torture. Then followed a dismal wail,
more haunting than that of the banshee, and'
the sextet was a thing of musical memory.
A PAIR of stout pajamas saved Sir John
Jellicoe, commander-in-chief of Britain's
navy, from a damp and watery grave. In
June, 1893, when still a mere commander.
Jellicoe lay desperately 111 from fever in his
bunk aboard the battleship Victoria when
she was rammed by the Camperdown. Tho
alarm was given and Jellicoe rushed to the
bridge, though delirious. A moment later,
with the sailors standing in proud lino, as
befits seamen, singing their national anthem,
the great ship gave a heave and plunged Into
the depths off Tripoli. Jellicoe was drawn
down by the suction and would have been
drowned but for the presence of mind of an
unknown hero. Seeing an expanse of
pajamas going down Into the waves, the un
known made a wild grasp, managed to get
a hold, nnd swam toward the rescuing boats
not knowing whom he had saved. That IS
why Jellicoe lives to have this tale told about
Thn Mazda Incandescent lamps now In
common use are named after Mazda, god
ness of light, the deity of tho Zoronstrlans. or
Mazdaists. The character of Zoroaster fur
nishes tho themo for nn absorbing and ex
quisitely poetic romance by F. Marion Craw
ford, the American author, who spent many
years In Eastern countries.
The skeptical phrase, "Tell that to tho
marines." originated In England, where the
sailors poked fun at the lack of sea know),
edge on the part of the marines. Lord
Byron In his poem, "The Island," makes use
of the phrase:
" "I'm thin, whatever Intervenes,"
"Right," quoth Ben, "that will do for the mar
In the early part of the last century, some
wise men of Southampton. England, cut a
dlti'h for barges between their ity and
there Is nothing in Mr. Tumulty's letter to J Redbridge. But because of the high dues.
Indicate that the President will not be a can- I tlie tana' was never used, und the wisdom
wi ..j i.. ,. of the builders wus compared to that of tho
vv IV VVtt H1UM1. , man w,w Qut tw() hyjea m the Wtta Qf hla
house, on& for tho mother cat and tho other
for the kittens.
Tho "Llttlo Gentleman irt Velvet," who ap
pears occasionally In print, was A molo
which raised n hill against Which stumbled
tho horso which William lit, of England,
wns riding, throwing tho monarch over Its
head. William broke his collar bono, nnd
other complications ensuing ho died In 1702.
"Hnlf seas over," moaning Intoxicated. Is
traced to tho Dutch phrase, "ol-zeozobcr"
oversea beer a strong boverngo Introduc
ed Into England from Holland.
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
If those; Mexican belligerents nren't care
ful, somebody will hnvo them nrrcsted for
disturbing tho pence.
To ten or not to iea, that Is the tango;
Whether 'tis better In the maxlxo to suffer
Tho slings nnd whirlings of tho Texas
Or tn press arms ngalnst a sea of chiffon,
And by opposing rend It. To dunce, to dip
And by that dip to Buy wo end
Tho two-stop, waltz, and thousand natural
That dance Is licit to? To dip, to slip.
To slip Perchance to fall aye, thero's the
For in that fall what stops may como
When wc have shunicd oft our mortal feet
Makes us give pause
And rather dance thoso stops we've lenrned
Than rush to others that wo know not of.
Extend the Possibilities
The "Buy-a-bole-of-cotton" movement can
bo extended Indefinitely. It is not merely tho
South that needs nsslstancc. For example!
Buy a freight car and help the railway
liny n tank of petroleum nnd help John
Buy a steel rnll and help Andrew Carne
gie. Buy a haystack nnd help the Indigent
Wo were about to ndd something about
buying a ton of coal to help tho coal cor
porations, but the subject Is too sacred.
"There Is quite a change In the weather,"
remarked tho Optimistic Individual.
"There always Is," added tho Cheerful Pes
simist. The Secret Out
Falrmount (after a few puffs) I thought
you snld these wore choice cigars.
Wlssahlckon That's what I said my
"A mad dog ran Into tho smithy today,"
said the village blncksmlth casually.
"Heavens!" ejaculated his wife, "what did
"Aw wo shooed him.
This wo may say for Mexico's
Ono time first chief whose sway Is sliding;
Who now is weighted down with woes
And with the end may bo colliding:
This may we say that one might mention
Him of course, wc mean Carranza
Unllko his fellow countrymen
And get him In n single stanza.
And likewise him who soon may bllla.
First chief; referring now to Villa.
Villa Is pronounced Ve-yn.
A la Sherman
Night Watchman (In any European town)
Eight o'clock and nil's hell. Life.
Caller Is your daughter an equestrian?
Proud Mother Either that or valedictor
ian. These class oflicers are so confusing,
don't you know. Buffalo Express.
It All Depends
Examiner Now', William, If a man can
do one-fourth of a pleco of work in two
days, how long will ho take to finish It?
William Is It a contrac' Job or Is ho
workln' by tho day? Life.
Score One for Pa
Willie Paw, what Is a monologue?
Taw A conversation between a man and
his wife, my son.
Maw Willie, you go do your lessons.
"Isn't there a proverb about those who
hesitate being lost?"
"Yes," replied tho frivolous youth. "But
I never hesitate. The one-step Is good
enough for me." Washington Star.
A Rondeau of Babies
As you must know, some men thoro be
Who flaunt the fact that they are free
From nurs'ry thraldom; oft they cry
(As though to prove an alibi),
"All babies look alike to mo!"
To such a man, tho fates decree
The storks shall como In groups of three.
It does no good to hide or fly,
As you must know, ,
All babies look alike? Ah, me!
When they arrive. I well foresee
He'll gain a more discerning eye.
Or else he will discreetly try
With wiser persons to agree.
As you must know.
Burges Johnson In Judge.
Muggins I feel so sorry for BJones. He's
as deaf as a post.
Bugglns Oh, thoro are worse afflictions
than mero deafness.
Muggins Yes, but ho has always been
so fond of hearing himself talk, New York
Examiner Now, speak up, boy. Do you
know what nasal organ means?
Boy No, sir.
Examiner Correct! London Opinion,
The Mysterous Keats
Tho llttlo agricultural village had been
billed with "Lecture on Keats" for over a
fortnight. Tho evening arrived at length,
bringing tho lecturer ready to dlscourso on
the poet. Tho advertised chairman, taken 111
nt the last moment, was replaced by a local
fanner. This worthy Introduced tho lecturer
and terminated his remarks by saying:
"And now. my friends, we shall soon all
know what I personally hnvo often wondered
what are Keats?" Pittsburgh Chronicle
The Bacilli Craze
"We are going to give up having Johnny
get an education."
"For what reason?"
'Well, we can't got htm sterilized every
morning In time to go to school." -Puck.
Uv Knew the Car
"You are charged with giving assistance
to the enemy."
"Thoy have your automobile."
"They took It forcibly. Besides. It won't
assist them any." Louisville Courier-Journal.
TO THE PEACE I'AWCE AT THE HAGUE
Ruildcd of Love and Joy nnd Faith and Hope,
Thou standest firm beyond the tides of war
That dash in gloom and fear and tempest -
Beacon of Europe! -though wise pilots grope
Where trusted lights are lost; though tho
Of storm is wider, deadlier than before;
Ay. though tho very Hoods that strew the
Seem to obey some power turned misanthrope.
For thou art witness to a world's desire.
And when oh, happiest of days! shall
Tho throe.s by which our Age doth bring to
The fairest of her daugtutra. heavenly
Wlitn Man's red folly has been purged In flr,
Thuu shall be Capitol of all tho Earth.
Ilobert L'aderwoci Jubmon, m ib Jnlcptntftnt,
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
FOR tho Inst flvo years there has been nn
agitation for Hio restoration of tho
carrying trndo of Philadelphia, tnnd nlready
Iho movement Is displaying Blgns of bearing
frtill, It Is n problem that will only bo
solved by tho years to como, whether tho
port over will regain Its proud placo as thb
foremost In tho United States.
Tho other day wo considered tho causes
that led to tho flight of tho American ling
from the seas during tho porlod of tho Civil
War, and now wo might tnko n. glnnco at
tho alleged reasons why Philadelphia, lit
1S20 tho lending port of this country, should
surrender her placo on the list.
OUR recent agitation wns anticipated as
fur back us the middle of tho last cen
tury. Great expectations from the comple
tion of tho Pennsylvania Railroad wore com
mon. It war believed tho trans-Allcghonlan
lino would pave tho wuy for this Increase of
commerce arid attempts wore mittlo to In
terest capital In tho establishment of now
steamship lines between Philadelphia und
Liverpool nnd London.
Tho movement accomplished something;
now lines wore established, but they did not
prevent Now York from forging consider
reasons for this diversion of our trndo
written by Richard Rush, who had been our
Minister to London and to Paris and was a
patriotic and loyal Phlladclphlan. However,
ho tlld'not spare his compatriots In his ex
planation of our loss of trade. Ills chief
reason was what ho cnlled tho provnlcnco of
"Rip Vnn Wlnklelsm" here.
"Now York," he wrote to Job It. Tyson,
who was sending letters to the newspapers
In his enthusiastic attempt to nrouso in
terest In tho plan, "Is awake to it all. Most
wisely has shu kept awnko over sli.ee Do Witt
Clinton, the Livingstons and Gouvcrneut
Morris planned her first great canal, which
others railed at ns visionary. Boston Is
awake. All mankind aro awake. A new
existence has been sprung upon tho world.
Wo sloop on sleep on slcop on, content,
delighted, nt being tho second American city
uftcr having long been the first, and when
-wo could have becomo tho first ngaln, be
cause nature nnd geography havo written It
"Wo quietly nnd complacently turn away
from that decree. London is 60 miles or
more from tho sea, and for a thousand years
had fourfold tho difficulties of navigation in
reaching it through tho Thames that Phila
delphia had ever had in being reached
through the Delaware. Tho worst thought
of all Is that we shall, in tho end, find our
selves in a worse place than to bo only tho
second city, if wo go to sleep; since to bo
falling back, relatively, in this ago of prog
ress, is, In effect, to sink."
THE man who wurncd President Monroe
of tho workings of the European alliance
that caused tho enunciation of the now his
toric Monroo Doctrino did not mlnco matters
when calling his fellow townsmen to account
for their weakness.
In tho course of tho same movement, Wil
liam Peter, tho British Consul here, who had
been approached on the subject with tho idea
of having him Interest British capital In
steamship lines, wroto much tho same thing,
but, of course, tempered his pen a llttlo. Ho
put down the advunco of New York to "su
perior pluck and energy." "Whilo Pennsyl
vania has placed her chief reliance on legis
lation," ho added, "New York has placed
hers on self-exertion."
This taking account of stock could not have
boon very agreeable to the Phlladelphlans of
1830, but the course of treatment did them a
great deal of good. Job R. Tyson attributed
the decline of our trade to quite other causes.
He declared that tho State and private capi
tal had frittered away many millions of dol
lars In numerous canal schemes; that tho
Erie Canal had diverted tho Western trade
from Philadelphia by reason of its continuous
route to tho sea, while our Western connec
tion of part rail and part canal was a dis
tinct disadvantage to the commerce It had
been designed to assist.
HE DECLARED that a too cautious Leg
islature had prevented banking capital
from being more than one-fourth what
It was In Now York, and that although tho
Bank of tho United States was located in
Philadelphia It "did not render such nccom-..
modatlons to the business community hero
ns were favorablo to '.he growth of tho for
eign and the enlargement of the coasting
With the completion of the Erlo Canal
many of tho most enterprising Philadelphia
merchants transferred their business and
their capital to Now York, and It was shown
that one-third of tho Investments In Now
York shipping In 1S50 was owned by Phlladelphlans.
oven In thoso days this city
chief manufacturing city tn
tho country, and It was believed that
when tho Pennsylvania Railroad was com
pleted and tho primitive inclined planes and
canals were replaced by a continuous road
bed, commerce would roturn to this city.
The Pennsylvania RallroaW was completed
In 1851, and Its advent did provo a factor In
bettering tho commerce of tho port for a
quarter of a century, nnd then tho carrying
trade began to fall off again.
Tho outlook, however, Is far brighter now
than It was when Richard Rush and others
wero trying to arouse tho civic pride of Phil
adelphia capitalists CO years ago.
Reviving Personal Combat
From Jh St. I.ouln J'oit-Dlnpatch.
Wo obsorvo that Generals Villa nnd Obregon
came near to n personal encounter u day or
two ago. They had words and lushed at each
other and wero "with difficulty restrained."
Why in the naino of humanity did anybody
restrain them? Two generals In personally con
ducted warfare would bo a upectaclo to cheer up
ull tho privates everywhere.
When trouble comes a very peculiar per
sonal trait asserts itself. Tills trait is born
of the failing from which nearly all failings
spring the failing of keeping the mind on
One thinks that his or her troubles are tho
worst In tho world. Tho tendency is to lose
sight of the fuct that other folks hnvo trou
bles just as serious. When the troubled
mind accoptH this truth Its own burden bo
An old Philadelphia minister frequently
told his congregation, "Friends, no matter
how badly you feel about something, just re
member that there are other souls whoso
troubles aro vastly deeper than yours."
No matter how serious your trouble. It Is
only simple mental pro; e.ss to .'unrelw
of it being worse. The, thing to do is to
thank your lucky stars that it docs not rcm-h
the limit or near the limit of jour own
" A youDi; girl lay on a bed ot pain. Ilcr
temperament was of the worrying type, nna
of course, this heightened her pain. The old
family physician noted this. As ho left her
room on one of his dally visits ho casually
offered tho Information that "this afternoon
I hnvo to amputate a boy's log."
No. Tho young lady did not launch Into
n tlrado ngalnst tho countless sorrows of th
world, Sho Just grow less selfish, In synv
pathetic contemplation of tho lad's sufferings
sho took her mind away from self. In doing
which sho hnd discovered tho real secret of
lightening her burdens.
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY" TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin.
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State nnd Nation.
To the Hdttor of the 2ivcino Ledatrl
Sir Tho splendid work of the Evkkino
LKDonn In calling nttontlon tn tho child labor
evil at this tlmo should, result In groat good
for tho working Ijoj-h and girls of Pennsylvania.
This Is a most opportune tlmo nnd I feel keenly
tho necessity for ovcry voter ascertaining ex
actly how tho candidates tog tho Slate Henato
nnd lloilsQ of Representatives In tho district
In which ho lives stand upon tho question of
nn eight-hour day nnd tho abolition of night
work for children under 16. Tho Association
feels thnt every man who Is running for offlca
nnd Is not wilting lo pledgo himself to vote for
the.io two provisions should bo defeated.
It Is a favorite contention of the manufac
turers and other employers of children 'that they
cannot work their oldor employes more than
eight hours a day nnd tholr children under IS
only eight hours. This Is not true. If any
manufacturer will only show a willingness so
lo nrrango his schcdulo as to keep tho children
busy eight hours nnd tho mnchlnes and other
employes a longer time, ho will find that It Is s.
comparatively simple matter. This was very
clearly proven In Massachusetts. In that State
they passed a child labor law which went Into
crfect last Soptcmbor, containing much the
eanio provisions as I hnvo outlined for the
proposed legislation In Ponnsylvanla. At onco
there was a great cry on tho part of the manu
factures that they would havo to discharge alt
children under 16. Tho law went Into effect
on tho first of Inst September, nnd on that date
there wore ,10,000 children nt work under 16 In
tho Industries of Massachusetts nnd Now Jer
sey. Child labor Is at onco tho cheapest nnd dear
est form of labor. Manufacturers and others
employ children becnuso they can got them nt
a small price. But when ono considers their
wastefulness and Innttontlon, there Is a con
siderable financial offset, and by sapping tho
strength of tho young manhood and youn,
womanhood of the State, through working tho
children long hours, a price Is paid In tho de
teriorating standard of humanity which makes,
child labor tho very denrest form of labor that
any ono can employ.
DR. J. LYNN BANNARD,
Chairman Educational Commlttco Pennsylvania
Child Labor Association.
MEXICAN VIEW'S VERSE
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
let tho soldiers stay
Down In Mexico, while they
Need a wise protectorate
Over those who rule tho State:
A queer bunch; most any day
They may break out In a fray.
Some old Chapoau in tho ring
Down thoro is a common thing.
Fact is they don't want war cease;
No placo for a dove of peace
Anywhere In Mexico:
It would bo unwise, Wooflrow,
To call homo tho soldlerb now,
At the outbreak of a row,
'Twlxt Carranza and ills mate
Villa, 'bout ruling the State.
If it need bo let them stay
Til the break of Judgment day.
Or maybe wo'll havo to take
For tho common people's sake
Like wo did the Isles from Spain,
And not give them back again,
The old land until our light
Shows them how to ruin aright.
D. 11. KENNET,
Philadelphia, September i3, 19U.
SPARE PRISONERS HUMILIATION
To tlie Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir From a window of a New York train a
few days ago 1 saw a dozen or more men in
striped uniforms working In the fields which
bordered on tho railroad tracks. They wero
plowing and doing tho late harvesting. Thoy
wen- of tho county prison at Holnicsburg.
Some of tho men undoubtedly wero thieves,
but among them also were men whoso worst
offense was drinking too much or fighting. In
my opinion a prison or a house of correction Is
a place to reform a man, not to humiliate him.
Why not do away with this kind uf labor for
tho same reasons that made tho ducking stool
and the stocks unpopular generations ago?
Philadelphia, September 2B, 1914.
THE HEEDLESS SHOPPUR
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I wns very glad to seo tho letter of
"A Disheartened Salesgirl" In the EVKNIKU
LKtiomi Saturday. It lilt at a big (III, bigger
than It seems, I know, because I hav offended.
Thoughtlessly, Inconsiderately, I halo caught
myself treating shopgirls with Just tho In
civility that hho complains of, and troublln?
them with a hundred necdleso erranl's. Too
often wo purchasers nro thinking only of sav
ing a cent or two or getting away In ime for
tea. When I hear other women talk ot cross,
unobliging shopgirls. I think of how much I
hnvo unconxclouBly contributed to their
"nerves" nnd their troubles. 31. I S.
Newark, N. J September 27, 19H.
THE AGONY COLUMN
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I was much interested to read In Snt
urduy's Kvk.vinq LcwiKn of the present state
of the "personal" or "agony" columns of the
London papers. Has any reader, I wonder, any
expeiieuco of such a curious institution in our
press? Sherlock Holmos spoke of It In one
of Conan Doyle's stories ns n medium of com
munication between criminals. Perhaps that Is
why our papors have not cultivated It.
J. S. PEARS.
Philadelphia, September 27, 1SH.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
It Is nn excellent thing to find bankers In nil
parts of the country explaining, excusing and
defending their position. They never were
under any such compulsion before. New York
We naturally regret tho new rupture between
Carranza nnd Villa, but wo do not regard It as
a defeat of American diplomacy or as evidence
that President WlUon's policy toward Mexico
was wrong In principle or In application.
Richmond News Leader.
It is important that the business men of tha
United States should "go after" the SoutVi
American trade, but something should be dom
also about tho .Mexican trade. Commerce 11111
been almost nt a standstill in that unhappy
country for several years. Louisville Evening
It begins to look as If tho scheme of Dean
Lewis and other Progressive leadors In Penn
sylvania to turn over tho Progressive party
hand and fout to tho Democratic machine in
that State will result in incalculable benefit to
Senator Penrose, tho man of all men upon
whom the Piogresblyea have lavished their bit
terest denunciation. Springfield, Mass., Union
Colonel Roosevelt's Wichita speech revealed
one of the reasons for his continuing influence
In tho country. A man who stands Intelligently
und effectively for Justice to employe and em
ployer alike, who has tho courage to speak out
when either side takes a wrong position, who
is dazzled neither by the millionaire nor tho
powerful politician, must always bo a power
ful factor In affairs. Kansas City Star.
Since It has not always been the fortune of
tho Sun to uppruve tho work of Mr. Bryan In
the State I'epurtment, wo have the greater
pleunure in giving cordial praUe to tho courtesy.
U10 patience und Iho success with which that
department has helped many thousands of
American to trace their friends In Ei-iope, lost
In the tangle of mobilization and war. Nevr
JMMTlT-1ijtT'if-ii ii ivrfr r in ? ifii-rrfr - .1
xml | txt