EVENING LEDGER-PHIIiADEIjPHIrrTUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1914;
, TURK, AS PRINCE
- OF ALBANIA, MAY
: STIR ITALY TO WAR
MINOR TERRORS OF WAR;
ITS COMEDY AND PATHOS
Election of Abdul HamicTs
Son, in Defiance of Powers,
Necessitates Protection of
LONDON, Sept. 2D.
The pol Is boiling over once more In
Albania. The situation In that artificial
principality became so serious today that
Intervention by Italy Is not unlikely.
5 There In no doubt Hint such Intervention
would mean a declaration of war by
Necessity for "protecting Italian Inter
ests In Albania" may furnish the pre
text Italy openly desires for taking sides
, In the. war of the nations. There Is more
than vague surmise to Justify this con
clusion. It Is lea. tied from re lable sources
that the new crisis In Albania Is ex
ercising the Italian Government and that
- posltixo action Is contemplated.
September 2S was the date set by proph
ets for Italy's plunge Into the world
war as an ally of England, France and
Russia. This prophecy was based mainly
on the order Issued to the Italian rc-
' eervlsts In France to report today. The
day has passed without the realization
of that prediction, but news of the day
vastly Increases the likelihood of Italy's
'resort to arms.
SENATE ELECTS TURKISH PRINCE.
In Durazzo the Senate of Albania, defy
ing all of the Powers, elected Prince Bur-han-Uddln,
a son of Abdul Hamld, de
posed Sultan of Turkey, as Prince of
Albania. The Senate appointed a commis
sion to go to Constantinople and deliver
the Invitation to the Turkish Prince.
Simultaneously Essad Pasha, the great
popular leader In Albania, prepared to
march on Durazzo with an army of 12.(00.
He has arrived at Dlbra with a force
and Is collecting an army for the over
throw of the interregnum.
There is mor than .1 hint here that
Essad is playing Italy's game: that his
new revolt is not only a development of
Italy's pollcv of obstructing Albanian
nationality, bu in meant to offer Italy
an acceptable pretext for definitely Inter
vening In Albanian affairs. If Austria,
as formerh, musters strength to crush
Essad, will Italy support the Moham
medan leader? Such action, it Is believed
here, could not fall to mean war.
Essad is popular in Italy and has on
joyed the favor and protection of the
Ital an Government. When Austria dlb
pcrsecl hid forces and took him prisoner.
virtually, at the time Esad was pre- i
parlns to overthrow Prince William of
Wted. lth interposed, placed Etsad on j
an Italian warship, guarded h!m and i
later welcomed him In Italian territory, j
ITALY TO PROTECT INTERESTS.
The Italian Foreign Office has ignored
the action of the Albanian Senate. It
will neither confirm nor deny the news
that Trince Burhan-Eddin has been of
fered the throne. There is cause for
stating that Italy's attitude depends
upon events and that Italian Interes
will be defended at any cost. Excludl
the greatest of those interests, which is
the ptrm-inent eto of Italian territorial '
aggrandizement in Albania with the con- ,
troi of harbors, such as Valona. that as
sure dominance in the Adriatic, there Is
the ncce3slt of protecting Ital.jn prop
erty u-id citizens again Imperiled bv civil
The pressure of public opinion In Italy
Increases Every day finds the Govern i
ment's position more delicate. Every day j
the comments of influential citizens and '
writers is holder, more aggressive. Italy' I
army and navy are ready. All that is
needed is a respectable pretext. This
Albanian affairs mav now furnish.
Italy is informed of Austrian prepara
tions In the Pola district, where to (no
troops are believed to be nsjemb.ed
.ready to meet an Italian attack. It ran
bo stated, therefore, that the eofp'ica
tlons are cf th utmost impnijm.t "'ving
to thi po.-s bil.ty of Italian Intervention.
An eloquent comments ry on tho feel
liw that exists between British officers
and men, nnd n reason why the list of
casualties among the British commis
sioned officers has been so largo Is fur
nished In the following letter written
liv a noncommissioned officer of the Buffs:
"No regiment fought harder than we
did, nnd no regiment has better officers,
who went shoulder to shoulder with their
men, hut vou enn't expect absolute tin
ioslbllties to be accomplished, no mat
ter how bravo the boys are, when you
nro lighting a force 20 to 30 times ns
strong. It some of jou at home who
have spoken sneerlngly of British ollteers
could have seen how they handled their
men and shirked nothing you would be
ashamed of yourselves. We arc all de
termined when It Is fit again to return
and get our own back." ,
tlon Is so clean one soldier did not know
ho had been hit for three hours, and an
other bullet went through two soldiers
and lodged In a cavalryman's saddle.
"If oLndon were to follow tho example
of the Russian capital nnd change Ha
name," says the London Times, "Cos
mopolls might be a sultablo title. For six
weeks citizens of other nations have been
pouring Into England until London has
become a vast hostel. Belgians whoso
homes have become smoking ruins,
Frenchmen on whose lands the sotdlers of
three nations are now fighting, Russians
whom the outbreak of war surprised In
some alien country alt have sought these
shores. Here, too, are many of our ene
mies' subjects Germans nnd Austrlans
who were In Knglind when war broke
out, and have chosen to prolong their so-
FIRED ON COMRADES
IN NIGHT ASSAULTS
!. a iU. V.I.. i n rn nncmatii Mttin
tl ... ! I .i.- -.....!-.. """'" V l"V """ "' "-"" " """ "
......... u, iiivii iruin wir odniirai i werc In pars nowed over to England,
Army missions have answered the call of
Lord Kitchener for services loyally and
promptly. Stories of the gallantry and
bravery of the Salvationists are now
coming back from the front.
One of the wounded served as a motor
driver in the royal field artillery. He
was a bandsman In the Salvation Army
before war was declared nnd told of
hearing other former Salvationists sing
ing the favorite songs of the army on
ine oatuclieius at night.
Telling of the lighting, the former
"Shells were bursting all around us and
I was stiuck by a rpllnter. It was only
a flesh wound, however, so I bound It
up and went ahead with my work. First
It seemed the enemy was getting the bet
ter of us. then he would retreat and bo
the battle went all day. Comrades were
falling all around mo. Tho Germans
were falling tu hundreds. So thick were
the dead of the enemy that when the
order to advance was given we simply
had to force the motor over heaps of
bodies. While following the retreating
Germans six of us got lost. For four
days we tramped without anything to
eat or drink. On the third day our
tongues were hanging out from thirst
and two of the men went mad. It was
on the fourth night that we fell In with
the British ambulance sections, and one
of the first sounds I heard was a wound
ed man In one of the wagons singing:
" 'I'm a child of a king,
I'm a child of a king.
With Jpsus my saviour,
I'm a child of a king.'
"I learned that he was a Salvationist
and later In the stillness of the night !
heard a clear voice in another part of i
the camp singing: i
" "Then we'll roll the old chariot along,
And we won't drag on behind.' i
"The song was token up In other parts ,
of the camp until It swelled Into a chorus
of voices that made the air ring with
the old balvutlon Army song.
Reports indicate it sometimes takes a
lot to kill a modern soldier. Sergeant
Fougere. of Trance, received eight bul
let wounds, a broken arm and other In
juries, and although shot In the calf,
thigh and ankle, esciped being captured
bj Germans, and limped ten miles to his
teslment Another French soldier re
ceived bis bullet and three baonet
wounds and Is recovering. The French
War 'Hlce estimate? only two men are
killed out of every b) hit Tho penetra-
Thls Invasion has turned London Into a
city where alien tongues may bo heard
everywhere. In omnibuses and trains, In
tho shops and theatres one sees foreign
ers and listens to foreign speech. One
might almost suggest that London's new
motto should be "tcl on parle Francals,'
for In certain parts of the city the lan
guage of our Allies In heard almost as
frequently as our own."
Some of the privates at least In the
German ranks are under the Impression
thnt Japan and the United States are
taking part In the war on the German
side, ncording to a letter received In Lon
don from an officer of a Highland regi
ment now at the front.
In every camp whero Britain's new
armies nre being trained the regular drill
Instructors are sweating over their com
pany rolls at night, desperately trying to
remember the pronunciation of the names
of aristocratic re-rults who do not rec
ognize Cholmondley when pronounced as
It is spelt. t
A sergeant calling the roll for a com
pany of the new "sportsmen" battalion
tor the iirst time had a terrible experi
ence recently. Having disposed success
fully of a few "Harpers," "Mitchells,"
etc.. he came tn the name "Montague."
"Private Montalg," shouted the ser
geant. There was no reply, but when the name
wis repeated a half-hearted "Here, sir,"
came from the ranks.
"Why didn't you answer beforc7" de
manded the sergeant. "Because my name
is Mon-tn-gue." replied the recruit.
"Well," snapped the sergeant, "you'll
do seven days' fatlgew."
The next name on the list, Majoribanks.
brought no response, for the sergeant
A s-econd call brought the mild response.
"I er-ect you mean me, sir. My name Is
The sergeant almost reeled, but pro
ceeded bravel with "Colouhoun."
"Private Col-kew-houn." he called.
"Coohoon. sir. that's me," came a brisk
reply from the front rank.
The drill Instructor gave up and, clos
ing Ills book, he wearily gave the order
"number." When this was completed he
"One hundrel and twenty-one. That's
right. Now, If there arc any more of you
with fancy names just come to mo after
drill and tell me how you would like to
Infantry Made Fatal Mistake
During Advance; Says Re
port From English Head
quarters at the Front.
REST TIRED BODIES
ON BEDS OF ROYALTY
DIRE FATE THREATENED
GERMAN ENVOYS IN U. S.
Western 3Iillworker Accused of Writ
ing1 Letter to Bernstorff.
RAYMOND, Wash.. Sept. M.-Edwin R.
Scott, a mlllworker, who says he formerly
was a lieutenant In the Dublin fusiliers.
is under arrest here today on a charge
sts UnaWeCl by OplenuOrS Or i of having threatened the "extermination
'"- J r 0f t,p German diplomatic corps In th
n, ., Dl., TLw United states in
vuuijjicguc i aiatc i lie)'
Seek "Nature's Sweet Re
storer" in Marie Antoin
letter addressed to
I Count Johann von Bernstorff, German
Ambassador at Washington. I
i The envoy wns to be the first victim, i
The arrest was made by secret service '
operatives. The letter was dated Port
i land August 30 and postmarked Raymond
i It was traced through a damaged letter
J of a typewriter which. It Is alleged, Scott ,
i used. The police say he confessed, but
refused to explain his action.
I PARIS. Sept. 15.
Gabriel Mouroy. curator of the ancient
' ruyal palace at Complegne, reports that
tho Germans when they occupied the
town laid straw upon the palace floors,
whore their holdlors smoked and slept.
The officers did not occupy the historic
royal beds, but thoy took the mattresses
I and other equipment from tho beds,
rotably thnt which was once the bed of
LONDON, Sept. 29.
The prltlah Official Press Bureau has
Issued a description of the operations of
the British force In Franco and the
French armies In Immediate touch with
It, communicated by an eyewltneso at
the headquarters of Field Marshal Sir
John French. This account supplements
thnt Issued September 21. It says:
"September 23, 19U.-For four days
there has been n comparative lull nil
along our front. This has been accom
panied by a spell of line weather, though
the nights nre now much colder. Ono
cannot huve everything, huwever, nnd
one evil result of the sunshine has been
the release of (lies, which were torpid
uuring me wet days.
"Advantage has been taken of the ar
rlval of .reinforcements to relievo by
fresh troops the men who have been In
the flrlng line for some time. Several
units, therefore, have received their
baptism of fire during tho week.
ATTACK IN DARK.
"Since tho last letter left general
headquarters, evidence has been re
ceived which points to the fact thn'
during counter attacks on the night o?
Sunday, the 20th, the German Infantry
fired Into each other as the result of an
attempt to carry out the dangerous ex
pedient of a converging advance In the
"Opposite one portion of our position
a considerable massing of hostile forces
was observed before dark, and some hours
later a furious fusillade was heard In
front of our line, though no bullets came
over our trenches.
"This narrative begins with September
21 and covers only two days. On Monday,
the 21st, there was hut little rain, and
the weather took a turn for the better,
which has been maintained. The action
was practically confined to the artillery,
our guns at ono point shelling and driv
ing away the enemy, who were endeav
oring to construct a redoubt. Tho Ger
mans, for their part, expended a large
number of heavy shells In a long range
bombardment of a village.
FOUND TRENCHES DESERTED.
"Reconnoitring patties sent out during
the night of the 21st-2.'d discovered some
deserted trenches, and In them, or near
them In the woods, over ICO dead ond
wounded wore picked up. A number
of rifles, ammunition and equipment weie
also found. There were other signs that
portions of tho enemv's forces had with
drawn for somo distance.
"Tuesday, the 22d, was also fine, with
less wind, and was one of the most un
eventful days that has pasod tlnco wo
reached tho Aisne uneventful, that Is,
for the British. There wns loss artillery
work on either side, the Germans never
theless giving another village a taste of
tho 'Jack Johnsons.'
"The spot thus honored was not far
from the ridge where some of the most
severe close lighting In which we have
taken part has occurred. AH over thl3
No Man's Land, between the lines, tho
bodies of German Infantry are still lying
In heaps, where they have fallen at dif
I "Events have moved so qulcklv durlnc
tho last two months thnt anything con
nected with the mobilization of the
British expeditionary force Is now an
cient history. Nevertheless, tho follow
ing extract of a German order Is evi
dence of the mystification of the enemy
and is a tribute to the value of secrecy,
well and loyallv maintained at the time
" 'Tenth Reserve Army Headquarters,
Mont St. Guibert. August 20, 1SU.
"'Tho Fiench troops In front of the
Tenth army corps havo retreated south
across the Sambre, part of the Belgian
army 1ms withdrawn to Antwerp. It is
reported that an English army has dis
embarked at Calais nnd Boulogne, en
route for Brussels." "
EXHAUSTED FRENCH TROOPS
CAPTURED HILL BY CHARGE ,
Regiment Fought 72 Hours and Then i
Begged to Finish Work.
PARIS, Sept. 29.
As an illustration of the spirit that
been rr nmved to a safe place before the
Germans arrived, the curator reporto.
Soldiers, Supplies and Money Will Be Nothing was removed from the palace,
Rushed to England's Aid. ' " ta's- and " damage done, except to
animates the French resrlments th storv
, . i.Mf... .... ,-.. .v wiii' ,,,.; t.wu fc ' --' --' -.. .F
PAMAniAMQ PI AM TO CCMn I Mark- Antolmjtt. and slept on them on i i.i p an incident at soissons, wnere,
UrtlMHUIHNi rLHN IU itNU the floors of the ancient roval bedrooms. I aUer thrt '' Incessant fighting, a
KflriDC MCM Tn nnMTIMCMT The Invnluablf Beauvais tanestries had ' single Infantry regiment that had as-
KIVJIIL. muu IU OUU I IHUIH I h. ,r,..i , , ia,. h.r. .k. saulted the enemy's Dositlon time and
'....wit mm i-uiupcuuu io retire t uij i
close of the third day. by a bayonet i
charge, thev had gained a height which
covered the German position, but the j
latter were on a neighboring hill, where '
they were busy digging entrenchments (
It was necessary to carry the position
before the digging was finished. If it was
to bo taken at all, so the commanding
officer, recognizing the exhausted con- i
dition of his troops, sent for reinforce
ments, whom he ordered to charge. '
The regiment felt humiliated at the call
far r-lnf'ircements, and petitioned their
colonel to be allowed to finish the work
themse'ws. Permission was reluctantly
given, and. despite their previous 72 hours
if hr.tuous fighting the remains of the
tegimt-nt charged up the hill and carried
It by assault. They lost heavily n ttu
-ffort, but their pride had been satisfied. ,
TORONTO. Ant . Sept 25
Hav:ng dispatched the flrt ''anadan
war contingent of 32 '0u men on Its voy.
agt- tj Europe, well guardvd by British
men-of-war. the Canadian Government
is ..--peeted In a few days to !ue a see.
ord (.ill fur men to Join their comrades
at the front. Although it is Intimated
thst onlv ISOfO men will be asked for
on th's oceaslon. It Is estimated that
fu'Iy Kv ) will volunteer, of which 16.
u' will be from Toronto and Montreal
Ever since the war began the militia
regiments throughout the country have
be.n lnreatns their establishments to
a w.ir fuutlng and adding so many re.
emits that the supply of the serviie
Khaki uniforms ha been exhausted, and
companies are again stn paradlnu with
the older uniforms of the British army
Owing to the valuable service renderct
by mounted infantry in the South African
war it IV43 Hitld today by a prominent
headquarters officer that the second con
tribution ,t men by the Dominion would
be particularly Ktrone In thl arm.
CoupUd with a strong demand that
has aiisiii th4t thi rountr shoiild send
at least ioi.mii men and maintain tht-m
In ilu field, a decided and spontaneous
mowmerit foi the formation of rinV Uulja
has utaiud every whero in th country.
As tli. -,ork at getting men ready foi
the ar prutf-eis it b.na riviilcd
tti.it in- l .minion Government had 'Ten
grudu U making preparation fur th
great tru?l for the lat three veur
. Th . I i-, teen done mainly through the
prvisi."i of rift, ranges anij ot:ir factli.
ties t pr.u-tice tn marfcmanahip.
A i in i meous movement which begun
mm- ti-:. 4go to provide for the de
pe ndeiiU of Fuldlers at th (ram ha now
ssumtd Ui pioportions Toronto and
Mmfeal. wh'eh .-ie the flrit to begin
thn ii lMVe iuied K'.SSH.OOm between
them, m v. ritl other Wiles havt urdei
takei I.. iaie f.om ).uy to ViMiio etcb,
an I wl en nil thnt ht. heen pro ml :. has
been ,..! eivd in 515.UJI.0XI to iltMi-KMl Will
be uii I'll"! for reliif.
A remarkable feature for the present
war -a fi as Panuda Is concerned u
tho tition,' upport of the cause of the
Allies b tho mai foreign reaidrntg of
the counto Hundrrds of Ucrnians have
apt lied for naturalization paper, among
whom is l'iofeor Muellei. of the t'nl
VeralU of Toronto At U rlln. Ontario.
a citv c mpord utmost nin.llv of men
and women of Oermun ditioni ami of
nat'iralUed Germans, u lar,e put riot c
fund la being- raised, a new rel-rcr.i is
lie'.n; ri'cruitcd and prominent cUiiens
InHuuiln; many manufacturers have heli
pu i - .feting forawo n the Kaiser
some of the furniture, wh'ch can be re-
paired easils. and to the ctu'ssbonrd which
Quc-:i Caroline, of Naples, presented to
Napoleon I. The chessboard itself was
not banned, but the chessmen were taken
Referr.ng to the reported German viola,
tlon of the Potncare vault, the Figaro says
"There Is ce-talnlv some profound de
rangement .n the brains of those capable
of such an act, which Is a form of
monstrous dementia Forty years ago
inolent triumphs and a kind of satura
tion in the vulgarmi satisfaction have
unilnte(j tf.ls race to its very marrow "
The newspaper gees on to recommend
the excommunication of all Germans
fr'.m civilisation There should he no
mure German ma ds or soverrescs em
ployed and tho language should be elim
inated from courses, at universities and
no mre German music or plays at th
upe.ru or the theatres.
14,000 Sq. Feet
As we are removing our Print
ing Department to the Curtis
Building, we have this space for
rent, ready October 1. Robert
Morris, Bldg., 919 Walnut St.,
2d floor, light four sides, steam
heat, 2 passenger and 2 freight
elevators, low insurance rate.
The Beck Engraving Co.
620 Sansom St.
Phone, Walnut 1073
nrmanufatturrd machine a' .Mml
anJ nnkh t'ndi rwi ds I ' jr.li.pr'on?,
Oliver, niitlis. M -r. if J . t-u , u
T pew nieM rent"l an-1 f i'
MARCUS & CO. VUt.'r.uhst.
h rulfnr tqi )g f ll
e The House that Heppe built f
Turkey Closes Straits to All Classes
UNHON. Sipt -Turhey has closed
the Uurlanelles. the nurrovv strait be
tween Europ. ond Asia, to all navlea- '
tlon, ari-ordlne to a dispatch from Con- i
stantlnople The duration of the closure
is not jMen, nor is it purpose explained, j
1I aerment among the great Powers !
lite tJarqaneues, neavuy forliner). are
closed always to war vessel? other than
ITALIAN "jnWISTER ILL
HOME. Sept. JO.-Ur I'es aralo.o, of
the I'nlverslty of Turin, has been s-im-mnned
he.e to conult with U: Ktture
Marchtafava regarding the ondltlou of
llar(iil3 Antonio d' sUn Ui i.tan 1 1.
Italian Minister of Foreign ffalrs who
Is affcrted Uh .'outy dNsoepsij A
thouK!i confi.ied to his bed, the Krreig ,
Minister continues to receive f.,rlgu
diplomats at hit oediide and direct the
affairs of U a office
FOUNDED IN 1SC5 ADOPTED ONE-PRICE SYSTEM IN 1S fi !
C.J. Heppe & Son, 1117-IU9 Chestnut Street 6th & Thompson Streets B
JCIIOOI.S AMI cnu.r.GKB
I'KNMiU.VAMt KfllOOl FOIt
419 South Flfteruth Mrert
(l uik Include ii ture and rtis' ut
lin on the iHnk'pntm .f .tie " lal dal
and the rn-th of toclal iniuutl"-, preitnt
da pr'n-!p!e of relief oreiRlsiii'n nd
lnllHIImiol of tnrlal Dltrd,,. and run,
-a-... ,1... - -. ' .-
.. .. ""ffrii i r ari. retorm.
atffnril un finnnplimllu
Kf ,h"r Mt3W th BrH .nuU'S'1: lBeninferUnci,,,gl,,V ,
ISO (J.U4C . I uamainr data ntik- " ..v
1 pptnioff Uato OctoUr -0-
a ! AtiL.,,
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1 &" H
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NOW ON SALE
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DISPOSITION OF PRISONERS
IS PROBLEM' TO PETROGRAP
800,000 AuBtrinnB Taken la Bflport.
To Be Distributed In Muscovy.
PETnoaitAD, Sept, 29.
Tho ntisslan reffafdd tho Austrian ns
a senllemanly opponent, with whom It la
n pleasure to fight.
Not that tho Austrian does not flsht
well. Tho struggle In Poland and Qallcla
has been as bloody ns that on tho Meuse,
nnd the Austrian, though beaten, hits
fourtht gallantly niralnst overwhelming
numbers, belter generals and better
Tho Austrlans havo never levied any
contribution on occupied towns, and havo
treated Itusslnn prisoners and wounded
with ronsonnblo humanity.
It Is not eiisy to nrrlvo at a correct
estlmato of tho number of Austrian pris
oners Interned In various parts of Itus
sin. Tho Hourso Gazette, ono of tho
lending fvcnltiK newspapers of rettqgrad,
sets the figure at BOO.000. Among tho
intcc rmitiniTiit of prlponert at Kiev Is
the former Austrian commandant of
Tho Austrian prlsoncra arriving In Pe
troerad nre a. decidedly mixed crowd.
The first thing thnt strikes otic about
them Is tho xtraonllnary number of
Kiev Is overflowing with prlronors. They
are atso streaming Into Pctrogrnd. They
nre becoming a national problem.
"What shall we do with our Austrian
prisoners?" Is tho cry of Hie moment
As a matter of fact, thev arc being di
rected to Vologda and other remote In
ternal Governments of Muscovy, wht-rft
they will bo as peaceful for tli next
sl months as If they were snuwc.il up
at the North Pole.
To give tho Austrian officer his due,
ho docs not often, when captured pes
ter his captora for favors. Somo Aus
trian officers do not acem, however, to
tnlxo the war seriously. The best Aus
trian ti'oiiis nro those from the Tyrol.
They havo had not (itiarrol with tho
Slavs, nnd ltnow nothing about them,
while tho troops from eastern Austria
are either half Slav themselves or arc
easygoing nnd not serlour.
This lack of seriousness constitutes the
great moral defect of the Austro-Hun-garlan
army. It explains the readiness
of tho Austrlans to surrender and retreat.
CORPS NEW BURDEN
TO NATIONS AT WAR
Plague and Minor Ills
Among Soldiers in Rain
besogged Fields Cause
Concern to British.
LONDON, Sept. 2).
Tho British army officials admittedly
aro gravely concerned 6ver tho sanitary
situation lit the field. Constantly re
curring reports which can hardly bo
overlooked, Insist that real Asiatic
cholera Is present, not only In Austria
among tho wounded In Vienna and
Budapest and among' the troops on the
(Irlng lino in Gallclu, hut that It actually
has tlcvcloned In certain parts of Itussht.
In addition typhoid and typhus, as welt
as dysentery, are cld Io be raging In
the ranks of some of tho German armlcd
and navy, French and Biltlah soldiers
suffering from milder disease.
As a result of these development ex
traordinary activity Is In evidence at all
of tho hospital cases. To the troops at
the front have been sent enormous quan
tities of quicklime, vrhlih Is being used
wherever It Is nftccssary to clean up
baUlcfUMs In the re..r of tho troops
In addition, the most extraordinary pre
caution"! are being taken to Insure that
no walT used by the nrrny In the field
is taken from contaminated souice. tn
this respect the British army Is much
bettet oft than any of tho other foiccs
tn the field.
From the first landing on French soil
the commanders of the tioops have been
active In safeguarding the walor supply.
Whenever the field kitchens are not en
gaged In supplying food for tho men they
have been kept In operation boiling
water. Consequently up to the present
tlmo the British expeditionary forces haw
been remarkably free from disease.
The heavy, cold rains that continued
for mors than a week-, hotvevsr, bran.),.
a vcrllable epidemic of rheumatism1
the soldiers In the field. Comet Iim "
stand hip deep In watar-fllled iraneha.
lo fight day and nleht In clothing t,&
which water actually dripped, the V
tcndlnn forces naturally suffered iHa
since then the percentage of tick a .,.,
as large an the percentage of wounded
In nddltlon tho weather conditions tot
severs toll of the wounded and renaM.
from nil of the hospitals, both here at? t
In France, show a high percentage nt
pneumonia cases at the present tlms
FRENCH HOLD GRAIN CROPS
Government May De Forced to Tlx
PA1US, Sept- 23. The action of farmr.
In withholding their supplUs awaliinr
further advance In prices la caualne ani.
loty tu official f-lrcles. Llttlu griln I
betiiB offe'cd lo tho nitrkels.
It is proposed that tho government fl
a maximum price at which grain may
bo sold. '
35,000 REFUGEES FLOCK
TO HAVEN IN GHENT
Pcntitmts Fleo Scenes of rljhtlnR ltt
AMSTEItDAM. Sept 29
Thirty-live thousand refugees havo ar.
rlvrd at Ghont, according to advices re
ceived 'from private sourcco In noithcrn
Tho refugees arc peasants and real
dents of smaller towns In the part of the
country west of Brussels, In the vicinity
of Alnst and Termonde, where the light.
Inc haB been going on for several dayi,
and from W'ctt Flanders, whero the peo
ple expect conlllcta between the Germans
and a force of French und British which
Is now said to be marching east toward
Belgium In northern France.
Stupidity of London
A teacher naked her class to write an
of.sny on London.
Later she was surprised, says the
Pittsburgh Chronlclc-Telegraph, to
read the following In one attempt:
"The people of London are noted for
their stupidity." Tho young- author
wn usketl how he got that Idea.
"Please, miss," was tho reply, "it
snys in tho textbook tho population of
London is very dense."
B&a me-Esis i
otor Car News Right from
The high-sounding claims of many car
builders fill the air. But don't buy any car
on the conversational powers of its sales
man or the lure of its printed advertisement.
You are interested in performances not
promises. You want to know what the car
really is what it will actually do, both
under ordinary conditions of service and
when it has to meet extraordinary conditions.
It is the ability of the 1915 "Light Six"
to stand up in extraordinary service that has
made it the fastest selling Chalmers car
its construction, and its greater smoothness
and ease in riding.
This proof positive test is daily convincing
scores of motor-wise buyers of Chalmers
Put this Car Under Fire
You don't want to make a bad investment
of your money you don't want to buy a car
that will prove itself a weakling when it
has to meet a real road trial.
We know how carefully this car is built
we know the quality of the ma
terials used and we know that
in beauty, ruggedness, power,
speed, comfort, convenience, and
strength to meet any and every
emergency of the road the 1915
Chalmers "Light Six" is a
better car than any other "light
six selling within several hun
dred dollars of its price.
And vhat is more, thousands
of owners the country over will tell you the
The only sure way to protect yourself is
to buy a car that has proved its stamina
under the hardest demands of
It io under rigorous conditions
that the Chalmers 1915 "Light
Six" most clearly reveals its
great superiority over others in
its price class. It is doing it
right now for thousands of own
Of all "light sixes" the 1915
Chalmers "Light Six" is the car
that can most successfully meet such serv
ice because it is a "light six" built on the
basis of "Quality First."
Pay No Heed to Pavement
There's many a car bought on its pave-
ment performance that would never have
been considered could the purchaser have
seen it perform over rough roads.
Simply skimming over a boulevard is not
a test of a car in any sense of the word.
That is why we urge you to take this Chal
mers ''Light Six" for a long trip over every
kind of roads you can find. For it's then
that the real quality of a motor car asserts
itself. It's then you'll appreciate the higher
quality of the Chalmers "Light Six," the
greater power and flexibility of its master
motor, the greater solidity and firmness of
A few big features of the 1915 "Light
Six": a different kind of automobile beauty;
unusually handsome finish; Pullman-like
comfort; a 48 H. P, long stroke non-stall-able
motor which "stays put"; graceful
molded oval fenders of both strength and
beauty; 4y2.lnch tires "Nobby" tread on
rear wheels; unusually complete equipment
including Chalmers-made one-man top of
silk mohair, quick acting storm curtains, five
demountable rims, one-motion Chalmers
Entz electric starter which makes the motor
non-stallable, Klaxon horn, electric lights,
etc. And perhaps the greatest feature of
all, the unusually high quality in a car at
such a price.
We are anxious to take
Chalmers "Real Test" Ride,
day and arrange for it.
you on this
Come in to-
Chalmers Motor Company of Philadelphia
252-254 North Broad St., Philadelphia
sf-'rTf"Jmmmr!"" " iaii imrt
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