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EVEfflfrG LEPgER PHILADBti3?niA,v..-,rojjSD1ALY SEPT-WEEK 20, 1914 l Bl PI. A. UJ H ! I'M o in I A Ttou "lOS! Bendlj prlee prlvni up t, card on It ..Tt bio head wai cat ..Tl, Bothl- part Kren battl "In fords my f rndetl unsu KUtl. "In derln alsu forcej they KunnH a ca phra equly to a aentc. them Crin "V trlct undo Xurth! Toad altho! they (try point I a: thlrs "A for Five mem after They at R was flrst- "Tl and tered aee, I wa tatl Lo "Bei that iroln I am eurro colon "Thj the w F. A the on th Ger; them tO 3 while few hand "Tl adva Some on bi, aurpri towel onetfl 200 ti In th "T! ting and ears hut t woun conttr "I tlon wi All th except to uo 'S 13: prl fatiira. ana I aid of th re tun even fruit t; wltho to He lie Ks. DOMj Stent Gen Kve Line with began cureo-j nere EurnJ are li skins, I.OIl cargo one l"i "ieptl nin3 of til name Is on TOll Mich nd ArW JfirJ mi MB JameV !: n Alters Ztta T John llurle V. alt llirencM Hern Mlllr-Jf Eva VW Churl! Hit h llf At-rnli. Welti bcriitl Stvi Jarnen I KullJJ John MiMeli. John Mb Hemv iur.ti'-p IvOllif John iK tiorcp i AnurevJ in t Juhn 1 Ivathirff T.JIuit. 1UF Mary 2 Ueo-S 'l. lUNt. f- IMS I end ifl t Anlut inio FA,. II ' ITALY SPEEDS FORGE AGAINST ALBANIANS, REPORT FROM ROME Interests Endangered by Turk's Election as Prince May Break Neutral Policy. JL MINOR TERRORS OF WAR; ITS COMEDY AND PATHOS dCN'CVA, Sept. Z). Italian troops have, embarked on trans porta tit Btlndlsl for Avlona, the capital of Albania, according to an unconfirmed report from Home. "In view of the grave situation mow existing throughout tluropo, Italy does not consider the offer of the Albanian crown to a son of Abdul Humid, ex Sultan of Turkey, Is suillclcntly Im portant to Justify Intervention." says th? Trlbuna of Home. In an editorial on the Government's firm neutrality. Turkey will reopen the Dardanelles to navigation In a da or two. according to a dispatch from Constantinople. The European Powers have brought pres sure to bear on the Turkish Government since Its notification of the various diplomatic representatives that the ttaits would be closed to traffic. The pot Is boiling over once more In Albania, The situation In that artificial principality became so serious today that Intervention by Italy Is not unlikely. There Is no doubt that such Intervention would mean a declaration of war by Austria. Necessity for "piotectlns Italian Inter ests In Albania" may furnish the pie text Italy openly desires for taking sides In the war of the nations. There Is more than vague surmise to Justify this con clusion, it Is learned trom re labl sources that tho new crisis In Albania Is ex ercising; the Italian Government and that positive action Is contemplated. Simultaneous with tho meeting of the Cabinet to consider the Turkish situa tion a proclamation was Issued forbid ding Italians to enlist as volunteers In the armies of belligerents. The prohibi tion was due to a movement for forming & corps of "Garibaldians" to serve with Kssad Pasha in Albania and In Dalmatla. An Italian naval demonstration In the Aegean Sea Is being considered. The English Mediterranean fleet and several Trench war vessels aro now concentrated there, near the Islands which belong to Italy. 6ENATE ELECTS TURKISH PRINCE. In Durazzo the Senate of Albania, defy ing all of the Powers, elected Prince Bur-han-Eddln, a. son of Abdul Hamid, de posed Sultan of Turkey, as Prince of Albania. The Senate appointed a commls slon to go to Constantinople and deliver the Invitation to tho Turkish Prince. Simultaneously Essad Pasha, the great popular leader In Albania, prepared to march on Durazzo -with an army of 12,000. He has arrived at Dlbra with a force and Is collecting an army for the over throw of the interregnum. Essad Is popular In Italy and has en Joyed the favor and protection of the Italian Government. 'When Austria dis persed hla forces and took him prisoner, virtually, at the time Essad was pre paring to overthrow Prince William of Wled, Italy Interposed, placed Essad on an Italian warship, guarded him and later welcomed him In Italian territory. ITALY TO PROTECT INTERESTS. The Italian Foreign Office has ignored the action of the Albanian Senate. It will neither confirm nor deny the news that Prince Burhan-Eddln has been of fered the throne. There Is cause for stating that Italy's attitude depends upon events and that Italian Interests will bo defended at any cost. Excluding the greatest of those Interests, which Is the permanent veto of Italian territorial aggrandizement In Albania with the con trol of harbors, such as Valona, that as sure dominance in the Adriatic, there Is tho necessltv of protecting Italian prop erty and citizens again imperiled by civil An eloquent commentary on the feel Ins that exists between British officers and men, and a reason why the list of casualties among the British commls stoned oflkers has been so laige Is fur nished In the following letter written bv a noncommissioned ofllcer of the Buffs: "So regiment fought harder than we did, and no renlment Iiah hettor ollleem. who went shoulder to shoulder with their men. hut vou can't expect absolute Im possibilities to be accomplished, no mat ter how bravo the boys are, when ou are fighting a force 20 to 30 times as strong. If some of you at home who have spaken snccrMRly of British officers could have Keen how they handled their men and shirked nothing you would hi ashamed of yourselves. We are all de termined when It Is fit again to return and get our own back." Hundreds of men from the Salvation Army missions have answered the call of Lord Kitchener for services lnvnllv anil Promptly. Stories of the gallantry and ( biavcry of the Salvationists mo now coming back from the front. I One of the wounded served as a motor I uriver In the roal Hold artillery He Was a bandsman In the Salvation Army before war was declared and told of hearing other former Salvationists sing ing the favorite songs of the army on the battlefields at night. Telling of the fighting, the former bandsman said: "Shells were burstim- all around us and I was struck by a splinter. It was only a flesh wound, however, so I bound It up and went ahead with my work. First It seemed the enemy was getting the bet ter of us, then he would retreat and so the battle went all da v. Comiades wore roiling all around me The Get mans were falling In hundreds So thick were the dead of the enemy that when the order to advance was given we simply had to force the motor over heaps of bodies. While follow Ins the retreating Germans six of us got lost. For four days we ttamped without am thins to eat or drink. On the third day our tongues were hanging out from thirst and two of the men went mad. It was on me tourtn mgnt that we fell in w-ith the British ambulanco sections, and one of the first sounds I heard was a wound ed man In one of the wagons singing: " 'I'm a child of a king, I'm a child of a king, With Jesus my saviour, I'm a child of a king.' "I learned that he was a Salvationist and later In the stillness of the night I heard a clear olce In another part of the camp singing: " "Then we'll roll the old chariot along, And we won't drag on behind." "The song was taken up In other parts of the camp until it swelled Into a chorus of voices that made the air ring with the old Salvation Army song." tlon Is so clean one soldier did not know he had been hit for three hours, and an other bullet went through two soldiers and lodged In a cavalryman's saddle. "If oLndon woie to follow the exampte of the Russian capital and change Its iubw." n.iva the London Times. "Cos- mopolls might be a suitable title. .For six I weeks citizens of other nations have been I pouring Into England until London has become i vast hostel. Belgians whose I homes hao become smoking ruins, i Frenchmen on whose lands the soldiers of I three nations aro now fighting, Russians whom the outbreak of war surprised In some alien country all have sought these shores. Here, too, are many of our ene mies' .subjects Germans and Austrlans who were In England when war broke out, and have chosen to prolong their so journ. At tho hint of war, Germans who were In Paris flowed over to England. This Invasion has turned London Into u city where alien tongues may be heard everywhere, tn omnibuses and trains. In tho shops and theatres one sees foreign ers and listens to foreign speech. Ono might n I most suggest that London's new motto should be "lei on parle Francals,' for in certain parls of the city the lan guage of our Allies Is heard almost as lictiuently as our own." GERMAN SOLDIERS FIRED ON COMRADES IN NIGHT ASSADLTS Infantry Made Fatal Mistake During Advance, Says Re port From English Head quarters at the Front. DISPOSITION OF PRISONERS IS PROBLEM TO PETR0GRAD Some of the pilvatcs at least In the German ranks nre under the Impression that Japan and the United States are taking part In the war on the German side, acordlng to a letter received In Lon don from an ofllcer of a Highland legl ment now at the front. Reports Indicate it sometimes takes a lot to kill a modern soldier. Sergeant Fougere, of France, received eight bul let wounds, a broken arm and other in juries, and although shot In the calf, thigh and ankle, escaped being captured by Germans, and limped ten miles to his regiment. Another French soldier re ceived six bullet and three baonet wounds and Is recovering. The French War Office estimates only two men are killed out of cery 100 hit The penetra- be called In every c.v.nn where Britain's new armies are being trained the regular drill 1 Instiuctors aro sweating over their com pany roll at night, desperately trying lo i remembei the pronunciation of the names of aristocratic recruits who do not rec- 1 ocnlze Cholmondley when pronounced as I it Is spelt. A sergeant calling the roll for a com pany of the new "sportsmen" battalion for the llrst time had a terrible experi ence recently. Having disposed success fully of a few "Harpers," "Jlltchells," eti?., he came to the name "Montague." "Private Montalg," shouted tho ser geant. There was no reply, but when the name wts repeated a half-hearted "Here, sir." came from the ranks. "Why didn't you answer before?" de- I mnnded the sergeant. "Because my name Is Mon-tn-gue," replied the recruit. "Well," tnapped the sergeant, "you'll do seven days' fatlgew." The next name on the list, Majorlbanks. brought no response, for the sergeant pronounced "Majoreybanks." A second call brought the mild response, "I expect you mean me, sir. My name Is 'Marshbanks.' " The sergeant almost reeled, but pro ceeded bravely with "Colauhoun." "Private Col-kew-houn," he called. "Coohoon, sir, that's me," came a brisk reply from the front rank. The drill Instructor gave up and, clos ing his book, he wearily gave the order "number. When this was completed he said: "One hundred and twenty-one. That's right. Now, if there are any more of you with fancy names Just come to me after drill and tell me how you would like to KAISER'S TROOPERS REST TIRED BODIES ON BEDS OF ROYALTY war. The pressure of public opinion In Italy Increases. Every day rinds the Govern ment's position more delicate. Every day tho comments of influential citizens and writers is bolder, more aggressive. Italy's army and navy are ready All that is needed is a respectable pretext This Albanian alfairs may now furnish. Italy Is informed of Austrian prepara tions In tho Tola district, where 3i0,0M troops are believed to be assembled readv to meet an Italian attack. It can bo stated, therefore, that the complica tions ur cf ti utmost importance owing to the pu.-sibility .jf Italian intervMitl"ii. CANADIANS PLAN TO SEND MORE MEN TO CONTINENT I Soldiers, Supplies and Money Will Be ' Rushed to England's Aid. ' TORONTO, Ont , Sept. 23 , Having dispatched the first Canad'an war contingent of 32.ffl0 men on Its voy- ' agv to Europe, well guarded by British men-of-war. the Canadian Government I Is eNpected in a few duvg to Iscue a. sec i and riU for men to Join thir comradfs at the f.-ont Although it Is lntimatJ that onlv W'r'0 men will be asked for on this oicjsljn. it in estimated that ' fully 100.0ifl will volunteer, of which 16, WK' will lie frum Toronto and Montreal. Ever since the war bt-gan the militia i regiments throughout the country tmve ' ben Increasing their establUhmenU to a war footing and adding to many rr. ! cru'.t that the tupph of the servke khaki uniforms has been exhausted, and companies are ugaiii seen parading with the oldr uniforms of the British army. ' Owing to ;h valuable service rendered by mounted Infantry in th South African ' war It wss said today by a prominent headquarters ..ffloer that tha second con tributor of men by the Dominion would be particulaily tirons In this arm Coupled with a strong demand that nas arisen tnai tnis country should send at least lOu.wj men and maintain them In the field, a derided and spontaneous movement for the formation of rifle cluba ! has started every where m tho country. As the work of gettlnff men ready for ' the war prog: ear it it, owns revealed that the Dominion Goiernment had been gradually n.aUnn; preparations for the rreat struggle for the last three van,. This hus been done mainly through the I provision of rlrie ranges and other facill- I ties for piaitifB in markmanship. ' A spontaneous movement which begun I some time ago to provide for the de pendents of goldlers nt the front has now a&eutned large pioportlona. Toronto and Montreal, wheh were the first to begin this work, have lain-d fj.au t between them, several othei cities have under taken to raiae f. om f-JO 'tt to JM0.'.jO each, and wlun all that !. is been promised has been natreird in fi3.uii.Mu to H6,uOj.fjj will be on hand for rllef. A remarkable feature for the present war so far as Canada Is concerned U the stroii,- sui port of the cause of tho Allies by the many foreign residents of the country Hundreds of Germans have o-ipiira tor naturalization papers, among whom Is Profemor Mueller, of the Uni versity of Toiouto At Berlin, Ontario, a city composed almost wholly of men und women of German descent and of naturalised i;. iniatm. a lurge patriotic fund U bfin luUtd a new regiment is being recruited mid prominent citizens including nmnv nmnufaitureig have heid public mfctmes fnrsw tre Kaii r and pledged then aUeuuct, (o the Brit ish cause. ft f Unawed by Splendors of Compiegne Palace They Seek "Nature's Sweet Re storer" in Marie Antoin ette's Apartments. DIRE FATE THREATENED GERMAN ENVOYS IN U. S. PARIS. Sept. 2 Gabriel Mourey. curator of th ancient I roal palace at Compiegne, reports that I the Germans when they occupied the town laid straw upon the palace floors. where their soldiers etnoked and slept. Th ofJlcers did not occupy the historic royal beds, but they took the nmtressei and other equipment irom the beds, notably that which was once the bed of Marie Antoinette, and sIept on them on Western Millworker Accused of Writ ing Letter to Bernstorff. RAYMOND, Wash.. Sept. !D.-Edwln R. Scott, a millworker, who says he formerly was a lieutenant In the Dublin fusiliers. I under arrest here today on a charge of having threatened the "extermination" of the German diplomatic corps In the 1'nlted States In a letter addressed to Count Johann von Bernstorff, German Ambassador at Washington. The envoy was to be the first victim. The arrest w-as made by secret service operatives. The letter was dated Port land. August CO and postmarked Raymond. It was traced through a damaged letter ot a typewriter which, It Is alleged, Scott used. The police say he confessed, but refu&ed to explain his action. EXHAUSTED FRENCH TROOPS CAPTURED HILL BY CHARGE Eegiment Fought 72 Hours and Then Begged to Finish Work. PARIS, Sept. :s As an Illustration of the spirit that animates the French regiments the story is told of an incident at Solssons, where. after three ,1n'' InHACEint nhtlnn r. .. , ....... ., 1 I 1. , . Ill.riaOIIV ,, l UK, b mo ,iuor oi me u.ici-hi. ruai ucuruuju. , sincle (nfuntry regiment that had as The invaluable Beauvals tapestries had . saulted the enemy's position time and been removed to a safe place before the , 'lc'in as compelled to retire At tho Germans arrived, the curator report. , JV'thiv' hVllt.i'I.V? K abavi!?eut Nothing was -.-moved fiom the palace. S?B,r-'i " J?'"6'1 "" w'nih tie ays. and no damage done, -xeept to Ltol S, 'tl0nu, Ut,lhe some of the furniture, which can be re- nay .."re hv it" Jfi' "' h'i'' paired eall . and to the chessboard w hid, thg Vcesiarvn " c r?!.rThm"n,.? Queen Caroline, of Naples, presented to , befor the dil.n7 J. nrfL 'i1 p?"tlra Napoleon I. The chessboard itself was to b0 taken at Ju ",h.H " " J)'13 XmsZS;. the chessmc" were lakf-n rac- i"i & ShSlTSIlS! niing to the reported German vlola- JSS. lntar edltniUv- wei-tBaroM,. The regiment felt humiliated a, tho call "Th 1. reitfllnlv. nm. n,fnrf rf. 1 ' ."""."""s. nu petitioned their rangement In the brains of hu h an act. which monstrous dementia Fort insolent triumphs and 4 kind of satura- LONDON, Sept. 29. The British Official Press Bureau has Issued a description of tho operations ot the British force In France and the French armies In immediate touch with It, communicated by an eyewdtneso at the headquarters of Field Marshal Sir John French. This account supplements that Issued September It It snys: "September 23, 1011. For four days there has been n comparative lull nil nlong our front. This has been accom panied by a spell of fine weather, though the nights are now much colder. Ono cannot have everything, however, and one evil result of the sunshine hns been the tclenso of files, which were torpid during the wet days. "Advantage has been taken of the ar rival of reinforcements to relieve by fresh troops the men who have been In the firing line for ome time. Several units, therefore, have received their baptism of fire during the week. ATTACK IN DARK. "Since the last letter left general headquarters, evidence has been re ceived which points to the fact tlin' during counter attacks on tho night o? Sundny, the 20th, the German Infantry Died Into each other as the result of an attempt to carry out the dangerous ex pedient of a converging advance In the dark. "Opposite one portion of our position a considerable massing of hostile forces was observed before dark, and some hours later a furious fusillade was heard In front of our line, though no bullets came over our trenches. "This narrative begins with September 21 and covert, only two days. On Monday, the 21st, there was but little rain, and the weather took a turn for the better, which has been maintained. The action was practically confined to the artillery, our guns at one point shelling and driv ing away the enemy, who were endeav oring to construct a ledoubt. Tho Ger mans, for their part, cxrended a large number of heavy shells In a long range bombardment of a village. FOUND TRENCHES DESERTED. "Reconnoitring parties sent out during tho night of the 21st-22d discovered soma deserted trenches, and In them, or near them In the woods, over 100 dead ond wounded were picked up. A number of rifles, ammunition and equipment wero also found. There were other signs that portions of the enemv s forces had with drawn for some distance. -luesday. the -.Jd, was also fine, with less wind, and was one of the most un eventful days that has passed since we reached the Alsnc uneventful, that Is, for the British. There was less artillery work on either side, the Germans never theless giving another village a taste of the 'Jack Johnsons..' "The spot thus honored was not far from the ridge where some of the most severe close fighting in which we have taken part has occurred. All over this No Man's Land, between the lines, the bodies of German Infantry are still lying in heaps, where they have fallen at dif ferent times. "Events have moved so quickly during the last two months that anything con nected with the mobilization of tho British expeditionary force Is now an cient history. Nevertheless, tho follow ing extract of a German order is evi dence of the mystification of the enemy and 13 a tribute to the value of secrecy, well and loyally maintained at the time in England: " 'Tenth Reserve Army Headquarters, Mont St. Gulbert. August 20, 19H. " 'Tho French troops in front of the Tenth army corps have, retreated s-outh across the Sambre, part of the Belgian army has withdrawn to Antwerp. It Is reported that an English army has dis embarked at Calais and Boulogne, en route for Brussels.' " FLOOR SPACE 14,000 Sq. Feet As tve are removing our Print ing Department to the Curtis Building, we have this space for rent, ready October 1. Robert Morris Bldg., 919 Walnut St., 2d floor, light four sides, steam heat, 2 passenger and 2 freight elevators, low insurance rate. Apply to The Beck Engraving Co. 620 Sansom St. Phone, Walnut 1073 . . . r r-inforcements, and petitioned ihoir omc profound de- ,,,., , be lillottPf, ,,,", 7hi w0rc of those capable themsciv.s PermUln w'ns reluctantly i ts a form of given, and. despite their previous 7J hours Forty years ago of r,1uous hghtlng. the wmaliw nf tion in the vulearcrit -atl. factions havi unhinged this lace to its vry marrow " The newspaper goes on to recommend the excommunication of all German from ilvilization. There should be no more German maids or sovernesei. em ployed and the language should be elim Inated from cour.es at universities an no more Uermtu musi,' or plays ut the opera or the theatres. MBlm-nt charged up the hill and earned it i.v a..-auit. Ttiev lost heavlh In th ertort, but their pride hdd been batisile 1 TYPEWRITERS ltmanufaitur! mat nines, all stand ard make - - t'mlfrurtn.iv llmingtunn Olivers, 1. f fcinltli M.i in h, etc, at HALF PRICE T peurltfr rented and repaired marcus & co. hft,,;.rr,;M. S-n fnr aalnc N'o f 1.1 unium mm uu M-m.lxmm mju i The House that Heppe built DARDANELLES BLOCKED FOUNDED .V 1865 ADOPTED ONE-PRICE SYSTEM IN 7' Turkey Closes Straits to All Glasses of Shipping. LONDON, Spt. y -Turkey has closed the Dardanelles, the narrow strait be twitn Euri- and Ana, to all navlgj. tlon. aTL-ordln.- to a dispatch from Con stantinople The duration of the clo&ure It) not alven, noi u ita purpose CKplalmd i By agrment among the ureal Powers the Dardanelles, heavily fortified, are ! eod always t war vessels wtoer than i Turkish. AJ -E C. J. Hcppe & Son, 1 1 1 71 119 Chestnut Street 6th & Thompson Streets C -: ITALIAN JIIfJISTER, ILL ROME. Sept. J-Dr Pesua-alo"o. jf the I'niverslty of Turin, has been sum moned heie to con lit with Dr Utture Marchiafava rega'dlng the londltion of Marquis ntoiilo di San Glu'ixno. tnc Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, who Is affected iih gouty dvspepsla Al though tontiued to his bed, the Foreign Minister continues to receive foreign diplomats at his bedside and direct the affair of i t office. !''n &: Ik. "'US JPWlSr-St?W Hi H-P-Rx .1W85.S !!., c r ' w. 1 1 li iir . e ?! Si Hi &$ 'iti nit 'W; yb-i' frCIIOOLH ANI) rOI.I.EOEll l'KNMitl.1 M. sfllonL V()K MKI.W. SEUMCK 410 ftuuth Hftr-nth Street riM vrwk Im'j.lrt l, iur nod dU, u- iun on th iltf1 j m mc 'if the noiljl Ideal ami the ynwlh if . 14I Ui.-lli atl. n prevent ..n principle ..f re.lef Tgnliatl.,n and rnan.fement ut .. ii agn ie. and con trii'tlve program, f, r . Ui reform Held work aft-ris an ppirtunlty for pra-tl.a experience and training under the -uptrvlilnn nf exp-rf- Send for catalog opeclosr date c tvter i-.j. JA NOW ON SALE r.iMi-iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii rrm rrrrrnst 1111 rrn-nrrC 800,000 Austrlans Taken Is Beport. To Be Distributed In Muscovy. PETROORAD, Sept 29. Tho Russian regards the Austrian as a gentlemanly opponent, with whom It Is H pleasure to fight, Not that tho Austrian does not fight well. The struggle 111 Poland and Gallcla 1ms been as bloody as that on the Meuse, ard the Austrian, though beaten, has fought gallantly ngaltist overwhelming" numbers, better generals and better tioops. The Austrlans have never levied any contribution on occupied towns, and have treated Russian prisoners and wounded with reasonable humanity. tt Is not easy to arrive at a correct estimate of tho number of Austrian pris oners Interned In various parts of Rus sia. The Bourse Gazette, one of the leading evening newspapers of Petrograd, seta the figure at SOO.OW. Among the laige contingent of prisoners nt Kiev Is the former Austrlnn commandant of Lrmberjr. Tho Austrian prisoners arriving In Pc trogrnd nie a decidedly mixed crowd. The llrst thing that strikes xne about them Ib the extraordinary number of Slavs. Kiev Is overflowing with prisoners. They nre also streaming Into Petrograd. They ate becoming national problem. "What shall we do with our Austrian prisoners?" Is the cry of the moment. As a matter of fact, they are being di rected to Vologda and other remote In ternal Governments of Muscovy, where they will bo as peaceful for the next six months as If they wero snowed up at the North Pole. To give tho Austrian ofllcer his due, he does not often, when captured pes ter his captors for favors. Some Aus trian officers do not seem, however, to take the war seriously. The best Aus trlnn troops nre those from the Tyrol. They have had not quarrel with tho Slavs, and know nothing about them, while the troops from eastern Austria aro either half Slav themselves or nro easygoing and not serlou. This lack of seriousness constitutes the great moral defect of the Austro-Hun-garlan army. It explains tho readiness of the Austrlans to surrender nnd ro-treat. DISEASE-RACKED CORPS NEW BURDEN TO NATIONS AT WAR Plague and Minor Ills Among Soldiers in Rain besogged Fields Cause Concern to British. LONDON, Sept. 29. The British army officials admittedly are gravely concerned over the sanitary situation In tho field, Constantly re curring reports which can hardly ho overlooked, Insist that real Asiatic cholera Is present, not only In Austria among tho wounded In Vienna and Budapest and among tho troops on tho firing line In Gallcla, but that It actually has developed In certain parts of Russia, In addition typhoid and typhus, as well as dysentery, arc said lo bo raging In tho ranks of some of tho German armies and navy, French and British soldiers en rfo ring from milder disease. As a result of these developments ex traordinary activity Is In evidence at all of the hospital cases. To the troops at the front have been sent enormous quan tities of quicklime, which Is being Used wherever It Is necessary to clean up battlefields In the rear of the troops. In nddltlon, tho most extraordinary pre cautions aro being taken to Insure that no water used by tho army In the field Is taken from contaminated sources. In this respect tho British army Is much hotter off than any of tho other forces In the Held. From the first landing on French soil the commanders of the troops havo been active In safeguarding tho water supply. Whenever the Held kltchcnB aro not en gaged In supplying food for the men they have been kept In operation boiling water. Consequently up to tho present time the British expeditionary forces have been remarkably free from disease. Tho heavy, cold rains that continued fdf mora than a week, however, broM ' a ver table epidemic of rheumatism!? tho soldiers In the field. CompifS . stand hin deep In water.fflled l Iri-frVi1 to fight day and night In slothing S& which water actually dripped, the ? tendlnff forces naturally suffered . since then tho percentage of sick Is fnii. as large as the percentage of woundM In addition the weather conditions m. severe toll of tho wounded and rtVt. 1 from all of the hospitals, bpth here . if 1 In France, show a high percentage pneumonia cases at tho present time FRENCH HOLD GRAIN CROPS ! Government May Bo Forced to rix Maximum Price. PARIS, Sept. 29. The action of farm.,. In withholding their supplies awaltin. further advance In prices Is causing n 1 lety In official circles. Little grain I i IiaIhi iftfimi (n 4 Via Mnkl,kta " 1 UT-I11E) viavitu iv imu ill til nuiBi It Is proposed that tho government n a maximum price at ,whlch grain mv be sold. ' 35,000 REFUGEES FLOCK TO HAVEN IN GHENT i Peasants Pleo Scones of Fighting in J Belgian Provinces. AMSTERDAM, Sept. . Thlrty-flvo thousand refugees have ar rived at Ghent, according to advices re- C celved from private sources In northern 3 Belgium. f Tho refugees nre pensants and rest J dents of smaller towns In tho part of the country west of Brussels, In tho vicinity of Alost and Tcrmonde, where the flBht. ' ing has been going on for several day-, nnd from West Flanders, where the pco pie expect conflicts between the Germans and a force of French and British which Is now satd to bo marching cast toward Belgium In northern Franco. Stupidity of London A teacher asked her class to write an essay on London. Later uho was surprised, says the Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph, to read tho following In ono attempt: "Tho people of London are noted for their stupidity." The young author was asked how he got that idea. "Please, miss," was the roply. "it says In tho textbook the population of London is very dense." LfiloEiteis&. 9S 101&B $1650 M Car News Right from the Front The high-sounding claims of many car builders fill the air. But don't buy any car on the conversational powers of its sales man or the lure of its printed advertisement. You are interested in performances not promises. You want to know what the car really is what it will actually do, both under ordinary conditions of service and when it has to meet extraordinary conditions. It is the ability of the 1915 "Light Six" to stand up in extraordinary service that has made it the fastest selling Chalmers car ever built. We know how carefully this car is built we know the quality of the ma terials used and we know that in beauty, ruggedness, power, speed, comfort, convenience, and strength to meet any and every emergency of the road the 1915 Chalmers "Light Six" is a hetter car than any other "light six" selling within several hun dred dollars of its price. its construction, and its greater smoothness and ease in riding. This proof positive test is daily convincing scores of motor-wise buyers of Chalmers superiority. Put this Car Under Fire You don't want to make a bad investment of your money you don't want to buy a car that will prove itself a weakling when it has to meet a real road trial. The only sure way to protect yourself is to buy a car that has proved its stamina under the hardest demands of motoring. It is under rigorous conditions that the Chalmers 1915 "Light Six" most clearly reveals its great superiority over others in its price class. It is doing it right now for thousands of own ers everywhere. And what is more, thousands of owners the country over will tell you the same thing. Pay No Heed to Pavement Performance There's many a car bought on its pave ment performance that would never have been considered could the purchaser have seen it perform over rough roads. Simply skimming over a boulevard is not a test of a car in any sense of the word. That is why we urge you to take this Chal mers "Light Six" for a long trip over every kind of roads you can find. For it's then that the real quality of a motor car asserts itself. It's then you'll appreciate the higher quality of the Chalmers "Light Six," the greater power and flexibility of its master motor, the greater solidity and firmness of Quality First Of all "light sixes" the 1915 Chalmers "Light Six" is the car tnat can most successfully meet such serv ice because it is a "light six" built on the basis of "Quality First." the A few big features of the 1915 "Light Six": a different kind of automobile beauty; unusually handsome finish; Pullman-like comfort; a 48 H. P. long stroke non-stall-able motor which "stays put"; graceful molded oval fenders of both strength and beauty; -tylnch tires "Nobby" tread on rear wheels; unusually complete equipment including Chalmers-made one-man top of silk mohair, quick acting storm curtains, five demountable rims, one-motion Chalmers Entz electric starter which makes the motor non-stallable, Klaxon horn, electric lights, etc. And perhaps the greatest feature of all, the unusually high quality in a car at such a price. We are anxious to take you on this Chalmers "Real Test" Ride. Come in to day and arrange for it. Chalmers Motor Company of Philadelphia 5-254 North Broad St., Philadelphia Phone Spruce B402 A-afrirf- . . . ..... li.