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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, September 30, 1914, Postscript Edition, Image 6

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Four Members Declared Eli
gible to Sit in Assembly.
House to Decide Status of
Two Others.
DOV'KH. Del , Sept. 30. Attorney den
ral .toslnh O. H'olcott nnd Code Com
mlssloners Herbert H. Ward and T. Bay
ard Hclsel, to whom was referred the
question of eligibility of si members
to sit In the. special session, today sub
mitted a report to the General Assembly.
The declared that no technicalities
surrounded the right to sit of Senator
Harris and ncprrentatlves McDonald and
Btoeckel. and Speaker Holeomb.
In the cases of Representatives Cooper
and Swan, who are charged with being
dual officeholders, they reported that there
was doubt, but that the House, under
tho Constitution, was tha Judge of the
eligibility of Its members.
After an hour's skirmishing between
the Democrats and Republican, the ctlgl
blllty of Representatives Cooper and Swan
was referred to a committee of five. The
Democrats control the committee.
Representative Cooper, of Wilmington,
reelgned on Monday s Inspector of drugs
and chemicals lu the Philadelphia Cus
tom House,
Representative San Is postmaster at
.Delaware City Although ho had In
formed legislators of both parties as late
ns last night that he did not Intend to
resign. Speaker Holeomb announced that
Tie had seen Mr Swan's resignation. Mr.
Swan did not attend tho session today.
Representatives Swan and Cooper are
Democrats. Should the committee of Ave
to whom their eligibility was submitted
throw the matter to a vote In the House,
the Democrats could seat the two by a
irmjorltv of tlvo votes.
Ex-Attornev General Ward, who read
the opinion representing the attoni?v
general, said that the fact that the Fed
eral office holding members have resigned
would not qualify them to sit In the spe
cial session.
Ho emphasized, however, that tlu
House alone wa the Judge of its roll
of members nnd that no tribunal could
drafting of the opinion, Mr. Ward told
the legislators that u conference with
the State Judges had beera held and that
th report mbodlcd the unanimous vlew
of .ill members of the bench
Contests had been launched ngalnt
Speaker Holeomb and Representatives
Stoeckel and McDonald and Senator
Harris by Republicans, because of minor
technicalities surrounding their rights to
serve. Speaker Holeomb, secretary to
Senator Saulsbury. Is secretary of tho
Senat Commute on Coast nnd Insular
Surveys. Harris has been postmaster at
Glascow, but rslgned after Ills election
the other Representatives had movd from
thlr election districts.
The Attorney General and Cod Coti
mt'sioners ruled that Speaker Holeomb t
role In Washington could not be con
strued ns a Federal position, but that he
was merely holding an outside office.
The committee which will decide
whether Cooper nnd Swan should forfeit
their sats is con-posed of Representatives
Moony. Owens, haramond. Grantland and
Porte. The first three are Democrats and
the falter Republicans.
tfjgk ggs O ") 1
I f A tV IKS55-2J5 iUBKaOBi N i WL Wm? fl tr A A - iUJKVu sssr
- Or4 THE. MIOWAV SS- Ul yTOyfrtSLfl I
" lV f"- VlT ,. . I T PICNIC BENCHES
i in y nrjtr? l. tnwn- i cv"- -tt-. i --
,& -- Ljtlj
Wife Named, But She Was Killed at
Same Time.
WILMINGTON Del.. Sept. 30.-Tlie
will of Orvllle G. Gooden. the real es
tate broker, who with his wife was
killed when a train struck their auto
mobile on September -.', has been filed
for probate.
The will names Eugene R Gooden,
brother of Gooden, and Dr. J D. Cann.
a brother of Mrs. Gooden. as the execu
tors, and leases an estate valued at
close to Jon.ftT to his wife during her
lifetime and then to Gooden's relatives.
As Mrs. Gooden died an hour after her
husband, the estate will no to Gooden'
relatives. Because she lived for that
length of time Gooden'" life Insurance.
which amounted to about J12.0J0. will go
to Mrs Gooden s relative
Seems Too Warm to Keep the Woolns
on They Donned Yesterday.
Th battle of tb seasons turns and summer
tlmo is rall!ng:
Old Sol h tr.Uncil his honllier uron th
Autumn hroezs;
'Tneen garments of a flftuzy Kind nnd colons
men nre dnlblng,
Hav fever serm make sortl "ncath theil
heavy gun. in sneeze.
The sportive seasons plaed another
trick on Philadelphia today. Having
lured the city Into donning Its heav
welghts by cold, raw blasts from the
North, autumn today fell back upon
Its high ground Intrenchments to re
form. Summer, its ranks riddled, It Is
true, nevertheless Is making the most
of the respite toclns nnd Is doing Us best
to deceive everjbods.
Yet folk are not happy. Not that the
Ideal weather Is objectionable, save to
the cold air pest' who likes to walk
around In the snow In unshod feet, but
the day Is too warm for woolens and
only those who care nothing for the
threat of pneumonia ventured out with
out them jesterday.
The Ice man looks happier again today.
Furnace fires that had gone out anyhow
during the night because of soot were left
to their fate this morning nnd windows
of trolley cats Jammed shut to keep out
the nlrs'wcrc opened again to an accom
paniment of withering sarcasm for the
conductor, the motorman, the P. R. T.
and it heirs and assigns. Tomoirow
autumn may attack again.
Boats Not to Carry Any Cargo to
Belligerent Nations.
Holland, to proe her sincerity In re
maining neutral, wilt carry no cargo
bound to belligerent nations In vessels
flying her flag, according to Information
received at the local office of the Holland-American
Line today. Shlppcm
hac been notified that goods Intended
only for tho Netherlands will be carried
from the ports of the United States.
I The Zyldyk, of the Holland-American
I Line. Is scheduled to leave here on
' October S and agents are adhering strict
, ly to orders and are not booking any
I goods other than those consigned to
Holland. It must be sent to the govern-
ment where It Is closely scrutinized by
I It was rumored that Dutch steamships
' were enrrying supplies which eventually
1 reached Germany. Thui rumor caused
I British warships to hold up vessels to
i and from the Netherlands to examine
' their manifest. Fears that some unwise
agents might commit breaches of neu
trality and a desire to obviate Its possl
blity nre the reasons gven for the new-orders
Agriculturists Attend Inter
state Fair in Great Num
bers Governor, Officials
and Politicians There Tomorrow.
TRENTON. Sept. 30.-Today Was
'farmers' day" at the Interstate Fait,
and the ruial sections of New Jerscv
and parts of Pennsylvania were repre
sented by thousands of farmers, their
sons, daughters, swoethcarts nnd wives.
While crowding the exhibits of greatest
REBELLION IN RUSSIA ! interest to them, such as agricultural
hoitlcultural, poultry, farm Implement.
IM A TF1 FPHONE BOOTH I Titanic Survivor Declares Poland , machinery and domestic displays, the
. .. - - - - .
"Vo Mney for Member of Wilmington
v Force.
WILMINGTON. Del.. Sept. 3" -Patrol-
an Willard S Sharpies, who t-hot
ieorga Hunter. Jr . after the latter had
otaten hlrn, with th.- result that Hunter
died later In th- Delaware Hospital, will
rot receive bin pav o. a poltcman for
tne time that he wa susp.-nded. The
grand jury Ignored n chaic of man
slaughttr aaginst Sharpies and the po
J'ce commission suspended him pending a
dispos.tlon of th tase.
Shnrpless asked for his money but lh
com-nlsslon decided that h- should nut
have It
Clemenceau, Evading Decree. Ironi
cally Changes "Freeman" Title.
Tui'I.ui'su Fr-n. te:t M,
In order to -.i!. th denee n' the
Government -upeiidins tn. puollcatton
of his newspa.iei for eisht days, en
Premier George "lmn fad today
changed the nain t'om 1,'Homme Libre
to L'Horrn.t Kn' ha;n iThi Man In
The article that tie Government ob
JeUtd to tvas dn apieaj foi preferential
treatment of German .Vsati- printiri.
Once Inside, He Couldn't Turn Until
Help Finally Came.
Hlrnm Mattlson. of Wilmington, a man
of great girth, hurried Into a telephone
booth In the first floor southeast corner
of a City Hall corridor today and
slammed the door shut. The door is of
the type that folds Inward
Nearly half an hour later one of the
elevator operators 'teard a dull thump
ing, and investigating found that it came
from the telephone booth. Mattlson was
still facing the telephone He was so
fat that the elevator man could not see
whether he wab through talking. Con
cluding that th nuin was simply drum
ming with his nngers. the operator wenr
Some time later a passerby heard tha
same thumping. He got i-lo.se enough to
the booth to realize that Mattlson was
trying to get out. but. being too fat
to turn around and reach the handle of
tne door, found It Impossible. Mattlson
leaned heavilv against the door, trying
to open It. Several other strangers col
lected, until a score of men were grouped
about the booth
An elevator starter who knows some
thing about doors ftnalb took charge of
the situation. Directions were shouttd
to Mattlon. and ufter considerable twist
ing and hare work the door was opened
Mattison. blowing like a porpoise growled
his thanks huskily and hurried off
Skeptical of Czar's Promises,
NEW YORK, Sept. 30.-Mrs. Martha
Flnkenthal, a survivor of the Titanic
disaster, was a passenger aboard the
Scandinavian liner t'nltcd States, which
arrived today.
"While I was In Warsaw," said she,
"I saw 50 tralnloads of dead and wound
ed Russians brought in from one of the
big battles. The Jews In Poland are
skeptical over tho Czar's promise of au
tonomy, but if it does not come Russln
will have a civil war on her hands"
There were 3?3 passengers on the
United States, most ot thpm refugees.
also took an Interest In the fair gener-
I ally and were seen -n the midway and
i at the races.
The display of automobiles drew the
largest crowd today, when all kinds of
motor vehicles were In evidence.
The freaks in tho side shows and the
fakers outside did a thriving business.
All were liberally patronized by the
:ural visitors, who were out to enjoy
themselves regardless of expense.
One of the most sensational feats at
the fair Is the alr-tlylng of Charles F.
Niles, a H-year-old aviator, who, with
a seven-cylinder, 59-horsepower mono
plane, climbs 2;00 feet Into the ulr and
makes a corkscrew descent. His most
the air today more than half an hour and
Jewish Broker Stipulates Nine Chil
dren Must Marry Within Faith.
NLW YORK. Pert. ."0. "Under tne pro
visions of a will left b PJncus Lowen
feld. a real es-ate broker, of No. HI
Rioadwa, Just tiled for probate, should
any of his sl daughters and thiee sons
marry outside the Jewish faith, they are
not to rteehc ai. part of his tstnte of at
least S1.kO.C00. He died September 13.
lie. stated In his will.
' 1 direct that If any of my children
should intcrmarrv with a person not nf
tho Jewish faith that he oi she shall ab
solutely be e. luded from all participa
tion ur hare in the Income or principal
of my estate."
Th will stipulates that the shaio so
(tht-r children.
Imitated the birds In many of their flying
feats, winning frequent applause from
the admiring crowds below.
Tomorrow, "big Tlursday," will he
"politicians' day" at the fair. Goeinor
Fielder, many of the State officials and
scores of the candldatei of the thiee
parties, Republican, Democratic and Bull
Moose, will attend. The politicians will
be the guests of the fair management.
They always draw a large crowd to the
Washington Party Congressman j POST FOR NEW JERSEY MAN
Says His Candidacy Solidifies
I'nnsrefcaman W D R. Aliiej, of MunL
row. ttusfiuelianna Count v, who elect
ed tt the National Houst of Reur-EmiH-
thei. on th.- Washington party ticket, in
a letter to Dr. Martin Grumoauh to.
da. expressed great satisfaction over his
nomination at the Republican nominee
for '1'ivernor and declared his candidacy
would do much toward solidifying the
Republican part In Pennsylvania.
Th prediction that Dr. Hrumbaugh
xill b elected bv a tremendous major
ity ip N'ovmi er is made In a letter r
Dl flmmbaugh frcm Professor Homer
V Mllworth, of the Mtllersvllle State
N'ouna! School The scholarly attain-
iYints of lr Brumbaugh, his contribu- j
lions t in ause of diuatiun nnd his .
oith- ai-peal to tho citizens of Penn-
Is to Be Asked Concerning White
Slave Conspiracy Charges.
CHICAGO, Stpt -f'haile K Tie
WD'i'li. former rhn-f of the Federal in-
estivation bureau here and one of th
Fedeis! ofllcia'si nuntiontd In tho Inves
tigation in lilt proa, mtum nf William
r:ufu- Kriaard. tfi Paul lumberman, in
wlii slatri liari;e. was to pp4r be
fore Federal Jud IjtndU toi in th
lniuh Into alk.'ution that KdwrrJ
was the viitim of a connpira.t. t'nittd
Siat.s I'lhtilct .Ulornev Chd .aid ht
had rn-ivd wnti th&l l"eV ood would
rttuui to Chicago to be uuliied today.
Mits da M Co th stenographer
w'. arrusrd LdrU of transporting
her to Minneapolis foi immoral purposes.
SNlvarla, Piofessor D.lvvorth declares.
will tnurr his succtts.
Clarance D. Baxter Named Collector
of Cusoms at San Domingo.
WASHINGTON, Sept SO. Claienee D.
Baxter, of Paterson, N. J., Is to be the
new Collector of Customs In Pan Domingo.
His name will be sent to the Senate by
President Wilson probably tomorow. This
was the announcement made at the
Executive Offli-e today.
Mr. Baxter if to cucceed Waltei W
Vck. who has had numerous clashes with
American Minister Sullivan recently. The
friction became to great that It occas
ioned an investigation b the State De.
ran merit n short time ago, th result of
which was that Mr Vlck handed In his
Astrologer Announces Exact Date of
War's End as July 15.
NEW YORK. Sept. 20.
Prof Gustave Mejor, of Hoboken, an
astiologer. who haa made a number of
linpo1 tant piedictlons. has announced that
the war In Kurope will continue until
July 15, 1317. The astrologer says he bases
his prediction on what the stars eay.
"I fear that oil this talk of peace will
not amount to anything," said he. "Ger
many will win tho war. The victory will
not depend on which nation has the most
warships, but on which possesses the
greatest number of Zeppelins."
Professor Meyer eald that he finds Rus
sia will become a republic on January
V, 1020.
l resignation It is understood that Mr.
Baxter will assume the office immediately
on his confirmation by the Senate
Victim Declares the Guard Gates
Were Not in Place.
Guard gates, which, he sold, wero not
in place, are blamed b Herman Sehaef
fcr. 3tV3 RldB- avenue, for his fall down
an eltvator shaft toduv at the baker)
of Vlmil Kppers. &X North Plfth street.
were put forth for an adjournment of
Congress bv the middle of October. This
The irtim I in the Rcogpelt Hospital. ! Plan was based upon the ability of the
! with a broken riBht thigh, broken loft ' s-enate to concmue us Business oy inai
1 'ep lai .rations and internal Injuries time Should there be any adjournment
rhiff' fell from the second tloor OI u is expecirii ui iunra ui oe
t.ia hanfn Ouaid gBtrs. which should i called In extra session ,Voember 11. the
04Ve txon in piaie. he said, were not extra session to extend to th short ses
therr The Injured man ailds the sates slon opening Devcmber T
wer seldom used antj he had prevlousl 'rh'' rtra wun nu'd take up the
had sevral narrow escapee from falling shipping bill nnd be?in work on tne ap
down tbt Uevator shaft from upper ' propr iatlon nieasures. ouse leadeis
stone, of (he buildlns. realizing that It w I be .llffliuli to pass
Xfter his fall he lay in the elevator the apmoprlation bills before Mann 4
n.av u. r.,.h;,i i i h, t.,n,t .hv it, . ' mi for 4S minutes, he sas. before his i Majority i,eauer i nuerwoo.i. is trjing to
- .1....... .. a ,. hh- n ......A . ' u. .. ..,.. l.aarrf n.,,1 ni raniiv holv.fr-rl hi in . O
i"-"itvi i.$. iuu qk vuuiyivtc mo- . vii W" , , " j.-. .. .... ......
to the hust'ltal
Comparable to Roman's in Its Splen
did Proportions.
"It Is Harrlr's head that compels one's
ga.se on standing before him for the
flist time." writes John D. Williams In
"The Charm That Is Barrie," In the
October Century. "A single glance at It,
and the rest of him Is never seen. One
wonders with what fine Roman head J.
A. Froude would have paralleled It, as
he did Newman's with Caesar's, even In
"Harrle's is magnificent In Its oronor-
Efforts Making to End Session by ""hSSVhWr.t
Middle of October. marble ' The features ate as dclkateh-
WASHINGTON Sept. 30.-Kffoi ts today carved ns a woman's, one has to peer
iiiin- mi iiir i-r-B. twin u iinve iweu
st deep hv much abstraction, n natuial
pathos and aloofness of spirit hut ex
cited by humor, they burn like beacon "
Heavy Artillery Demon
strates Effectiveness in Bat
tles of European War.
Destruction by Shrapnel.
All reports of battles In Europe Indicate
that this Is essentially a war of aitillery.
and while the rifle of the Infantry nnd the
bayonet with which It is equipped plays
an Important part, the main woik Is
done by the big guns, of which there aro
many typci.
Tho modern Hold gun In all of the
armies is a weapon of about three Inches
calibre that Is to say, It llics a pro
jectile about three Inches In diameter
and Is so constructed that it does not
Jump back or require to be iclald each
time that It Is tired. To hold the gun
steady It If. fitted with a cradle on which
It slides when It recoils, and the force
of the recoil Is checked by a butter. The
can luge is prevented fiom shifting by
strong brakes on the wheels and a
spade on the trull of the gun, which is
buried In tho ground.
The gunneri. aie protected, while work
ing the gun, by a "teel shield which Is
proof to rifle or shrapnel bullets.
Close beside the gun when It goes Into
action is the ammunition a?on, some
times called tho caisson. Tills is steel
plated In fiont so ah to shelter the men
behind It. It contains a lnrge num
ber of rounds, so placed ns to be easllv
handled. In the French ninniunllio.i
wngon there are seventy-two rounds, und
when these havo been fired the wagon
is leplaeed by another or sent to. the icar
to be refilled. '
The weight of the shell filed fiom the
Rrlti.sh Held gun Is Tighten and one-half
pounds, from the French and German
guns about liftecn pounds.
The projectiles Hied by field guns are
two, slit'll nnd hlnnpnel. Shell aie cases
of steel containing n chuigo of high ex
plosive, usunlly lyddite, which Is n
preparation of picric ueld. The charge
Is detonated by a fUne, which rna he
either time, set to go off a certain iium
bei of seconds or fractions of a second
after leaving tho gun; or percussion,
which explodes on striking some object,
such ns the ground or- a gun shield.
.Shrapnel, so called after their Inventor,
the Rrltish Gt-noral Shrapnel, are thin
cases of tough i-tecl containing a largo
number ot bullets In the Rrltish artlllory
!K3 and In thn French and Unman COO
with a small huistlrig charo at tire base
of the projectile. The burstlne iharge
break the thin steel case, when the bul
lets sweep forward with tho velocity im
parted to the pinjpctllo hy the gun.
Slunpne! nie regarded as good "man-kill-erh";
they aro quite IncffectUe against
buildings, whore shidls aro deadly.
For th attack of field guns and build
ings and for action against troopi in
trenches most armies employ howitzers,
which ,ire short, squat guns that toss
their projectiles high in the air (high
angle ilie). In tho Hrltlsh army every
division has flftv-four field trims; nml ...
I teen howitzers. These howitzers ate of
, 4-3-ln' h calibre, firing n shell 1 5 inches
i In diameter and welshing tlilrty.flve
pounds. They have a range of 72fi yards.
which is Kmi yards greater than the range
of the nrltl&h field gun.
Tin. defect of the howitzer la that Its
thell Is very heavy and consequently
much fewer lourds mil he ctrrled than
with the Held gun Thcie is no security
that a single howitzer hhell will do twice
Pennsylvania School for Social Service
HU .Smith rifli-rnlli Street
fla wurk lii hi'ji-s lei lure and .Uncus
slon on t tie ieel,imeiit nf i lie soi'tal Ideal
and the grouth nf ftoi lal instlr utt'irn: present
ciiiv principle of relief, nrgHiiUatlan und
tiuna;ei!i-tH of snfl.il apent Ip. anil con
strictive i.rnKiams for smi.il reform
Hi-Id wnrk affords an opportunity for
praill'ul siprrieme ind training under the
supervision nf experts Send fur catalog.
Opei log dale Cit tober I'd
n'.il of stories t previous wiineasus that
t':. toll tlit-'ii pan! large sums of
'i 'i i, a F d era! officials heir
riaif the ITui awarded her b a Jur
In ht-i breaih promise suit against Kd
wards wnt t Attnic Drill, of Pt
Faui. her counsel he said
She inhibited securitie sworth W'" and
e ldetit.es of other investments that ac
counted for her ahare of the J17 0v, tend
ing to disprove the stor that she paid
large sums of mont) to persons Inter
ested In the prosecution. Attorney Urtll
wn under subpoena to. appear today.
U. S. Hevenue Official Found Dead on
Mountain Path.
LEXINGTON K . Sept 30.- The bodv
ibtuin an agreement along ihese lines.
Picked Up by yRevenue Cutter Near
Tybee Entrance.
WASHI.VtITON. pept 30 -The four
masted schooner Henry J Smith, of
i New York city, today was picked up In
' a disabled condition four miles off Tvoee
of John B ftlnei a government revenue Kntrauce a . b th revenue mtter
lOllec-Uir. was found on a mountain path Vamacraw. f .Hewing a bean n-itheast
near Whltesbury. K toda He Is blow, and towed to Tybee entrance, ac- i
believed to have been asslssinated by i cording to advices received at revenue i
moonnhUiers, headciuartri.
Mountain and Seashore
M ri VIN !.Er P).tl ItMOSS
O.N M'KflA!
Tlt.MNh (IS IV
Iavlne Iteadlns; Terminal 7:30 A. M
ror time al uiher points and siifdul rotrs see llji-rs.
t7 JL s J J
Txatlng Chestnut and South Sts. Ferries 7i30 A. M.
the damage of an ordinary field gun
shell, though It weighs twlco ns much.
The French do hot employ a howitzer
In their field nrtlllcry! tho Germans hnvo
n heavy pattern ot 6-Inch calibre, firlnfi-
n shell of about TO pounds, ami n. tignt.
er pattern of 4.2-lnch calibre. Kach army
corps has 18 of the lighter and 16 of tho
heavier howitzers, In addition to IM field
l Heavy artillery Is lalcen Into tho field
hV most armies except tho French. 'Tho
llrlllsh division 1ms with It four admira
ble (10-poiintlor guns, which, hnve a rnngo
of n.V yards nnd nro very, effective
against buildings and masonry fortifi
cations, rflr-ge artillery of a sllll heavier type
nlso sometimes employed, though siege
inpolis aro so heavy nnd ponderous
hut they become dangerous to an nrmy
vulcli Is not certain ot being able always
i advance. Moreover, tho supply of am-,1'unltlon-
for them Is a grave problem,
nd Hie effect of their fire against nrniles
In the Held, though terrifying at first to
uiii mined troops, Is comparatively slight,
The chief heavy slego guns, which nro
nil howitzers, nre ns follows:
carriage snu
lUlllsh fM-lnch, 5H tons,
m-m ll.Zdnrh, 0 tone, earrings and
riiiilnnient ,
.r,n-l, 10,i-lnch, M, nns, earrlngo and
eiiiliiunt "
i t.ln 12-Inch, n tons, carriage and equip-
"it 2"
Tim troubles of a commander doomed
i drag about with him weapons wolgh
irr .11 tons In wet weather on bad roads
niny bo Imagined. The British army will
mly hope that General von Kittle has re
iicmbercd to take with him some of the
lerman 11-Inch howitzers which did so
n uch damngo at Namur.
Machine guns aro weapons which fire
ilfle cartridges with great speed by mo-.-hanlcal
moans, tho force of tho recoil
being generally used to reload tho gun.
They aro very portable and exceedingly
deadly nnd mako remarkable good shoot
ing. Thus, In a test, 12 British first-class
shots wore pitted against a mnchlnc gun
and each fired nt the same target for ono
minute. Tha machine gun discharged 223
rounds nml mado 69 nine hits. The 42
marksmen fired 408 rounds nnd made 62
The British machine gun Is tho Maxim,
the French the Hotchklss or Putcnux, tho
German the Maxim, tho Austrian the
Hchwnrzlose. In nil cases machine guns
are attached to the Infantry, the propor
tion In the British, French nnd Germon
nrmles being two guns per battalion nf
1000 men. Tho British army has always
taken the lead In the use nnd employment
of mnchlnc guns.
Rowland Ward Tells How
He Closely Observed
Habits of Animals to Aid
Him in His Studies.
Written by Master Minds and Worth
Long Study.
"For those who nro beginning a library
nnd have little money to spend I would
suggest that thero bo bought, say, one
hook each of 10 great authors," says
Laura Spencer Porter In the Woman's
Home Companion. "It does not matter
who the authors aro so long ns they
stand high nnd their, books aro well
known and standard ones.
"Let us take ns nn example the fol
lowing 10, chosen at random from a
catalogue of standard writers: Emer
son, Eliot, Bronte, Puskln, Carlyl",
Dickens, Thackeray, Lowell, Shake
speare, Keuts, and as a selection of 10
of the books of these 10 writers lot us
tnko In the snme order Emerson's 'Es
says,' Eliot's 'Mill on the Floss,' Bronto's
'Jnne Eyre,' Ruskln's 'Sesame nnd
Miles,' Carlylo's 'Heroes nnd Hero AVor
shlp,' Dickens' 'David Coppcrflcld,'
Thackeray's 'Pendcnnis,' Lowell's essays
'Among My Books,' it complete volume
ol Shakespeare or any one of the Shake
speare plays, preferably 'Lear' or 'Romeo
and Juliet,' and Kents' 'Poems.'
"Heie you have 10 books hy 10 master
minds, books widely varied In subject,
style, tieatment. Let those 10 suffice for
a time. Read them."
Bishop Joseph F. Berry, of the Meth
odist Episcopal Church, has returned
from his vacation, spent In New York
and Onlo. The Bishop was busy most
of tho time during the summer nnd of
ficiated nt the dedication of several
chinches. Among them was one for tho
Central Methodist Church, Springfield,
Ohio, for which he assisted In obtaining
jss.700 to pay off an Indebtedness of
JS1.O0O on the dedication day.
Rowland Ward, whose death al his hom
at Roscombe, England, occurred recently
raised taxidermy to the lovel of a fin
urt. This result he achieved not simply
by examining tho carcasses of nnlnuls
or what remained nf them, but by ob
serving closely thoi behavior and habits
of animals, f
Ho has desctlbed In great detail In tha
Sportsman's Handbook, tho "setting up"
of a tiger, nftcr procuring a perfect skin
In good condition. Tho doslgn Is ob
talnort by selecting tho simplest action of
the creature namely, the stealthy walk
through a, grassy Jungle, when his
peculiar expression Is that of constant
caution. A completo light framework,
has then to be made, ovor -which a aur
face pf modeling1 clay has to be worksd.
Tho ribs and prominent muscloa of th
trunk, the muscular development of tha
shoulders nnd haunches, must all b
carefully modeled on.
When tha model Is ready to reeotvo tha
natural features of tho animal tho eyes
nro first carefully adjuotcd In a natural
mnnner and tho claws next Insorted In
position. The skin, however, undergoes s,
special preparation. Is then placed on ths
fiamowork, the nend ceing flrst manipu
lated, and particular attention paid to
adjusting the lips, oycllds nnd ears, so
trtat the required expression may be
The tongue Is modeled In paper, coated
and plated with glue and tinted. Th
lips, eyes nnd noso aro also tinted, tha
pigment UBed being the finest tube oil
color, jrho whiskers which may hava
coma away from the skin are carefully
replaced, and. If missing, Imitation onai
are made from seal whiskers.
A golden rulo Is never to cut the skin,
In enscs where tho skeleton Is "preserved
nnd is available, much of tho work mar
bo saved by utilizing' tho bones.
In setting up birds, tho symmetry and
natural poBe ot tho specimen (Mr. Ward
wrote) should bo a mntter of most care
ful study, and no amount of technical
skill or of Imaginative power will In the
least compensate for the want of knowl
edgo of nature.
To havo seen tho bird nllve In Its nat
ural habitat, and to be ablo bo reproduce
Its natural appearance. Is an Inestimable
advantage. We cannot all command that,
but wo mar rely on the Information com
municated by others who have enjoyed
such opportunities.
My father, when traveling -with Au
dubon (the American naturalist), accumu
lated an extremely valuable store of such
Information, for It was the Invariable
practice of that great nnturallst, directly
a specimen was secured and before any
treatment, to havo a sketch mado of It la
the carefully ohsorved natural position of
life with record of all colors and con
tiguous, or surrounding, natural features.
With regard to the preservation of
specimens, Mr. Ward gave In the same
book n conspicuous example of the ad
vantages In the process of brine pickling
whloli was afforded by the great elephant
trophy that was brought from South
(Africa hy the late Duke of Edinburgh.
In this case tho entire skin of the
mighty beast wan preserved, the animal
helng undoubtedly ono of tho finest ex
amples ot the African species ever
brought to this country. Tho weight of
tho whole skin when taken from tho brine
was 3)07 pounds, and tho -weight of the
entire elephant in tho flesh, SS01 pounds.
On the field the skin, having been duly
prepared, was carefully folded and then
rolled as lightly as possible round the
head and tied at both ends of the bale.
In thU condition It -was placed In a great
'barrel, which wns completely filled with
liquor nnd properly coopered for transmli.
alon to this country.
ssmIIim "i i'i iili i' n m' " iii?i ""i r" nil
Howard E. Coffin Saves
1000 Needless Pounds
The HUDSON Six-40 for 1915 weighs 2,890
pounds a seven-passenger car.
Built by old standards, such a car would weigh
around 4,000 pounds.
Cars are all being built lighter, still no other
maker has attained this lightness yet. So some will
argue that sturdy cars can't be as light as this.
But thousands of these cars went out last year.
In thousands of hands, on all sorts of roads, not a
single shortcoming developed. Never has a car
proved stauncher.
The difference is simply this: '
Aluminum takes the place of cast iron. Drop
forgings take the place of castings. Better design
ing combines strength with lightness in a thou
sand details. One, for instance, is a tubular pro
peller shaft.
No More Over-Tax
Needless weight was a heavy over-tax jn tires.
HUDSON engineers have stopped it. In addition,
their new-type motor cuts fuel cost 30 per cent.
Expense excess is out-of-date. The day of modest
si2e and power and price has come. This new
.model HUDSON typifies the car of the future.
It is one of the handsomest cars ever built. It
has many attractions found in no other car
beauties, comforts and conveniences,
48 engineers headed by Howard E. Coffin have
devoted four years to this car. Come and see the
advances the scores of new things they've accom
plished. Touring Car and Roadster. ,
Gomery-Schwartz Motor Car Co.
253 North Broad Street, Philadelphia.
Phone Filbert 21M Catalog on BumI

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