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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIr'WEDNEgDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1914.
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CUSS Stilt, MATTER.
PUILADELFIIIA. WEDESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1914.
Political Decency an All-party Issue
POLITICAL righteousness rises abovo
partisanship. The public is learning the
lesson every day. Even Penrose will know It
by November. Of course, the Senator has
never been so .devoted to the interests of
party as to permit Interference with his per
sonal comfort or the welfare of his friends.
But that bipartisanship of his on which the
liquor Interests havo Justly counted haa re
ceived a rude blow from another and very
different sort of party alliance. Tho National
Popular Government League. Itself an or
ganization of men of all political creeds, has
voted unanimously to campaign against tho
election of two notorious candidates, ne
from each of the two great parties Roger
Sullivan. Democrat, out in Illinois, and Boles
Penrose. Republican, here In Pennsylvania.
The issue is broader than party. The life
and virtue of our political Institutions are at
But In the same magazine O. K. Chester
ton answers tho question, "What Is a bar
barian?" "Tho psychology of the barbarian,"
he says, "Is this: that, like tho lower animals,
he does not understand reciprocity,
If I leavo a bee his honey, he may leave mo
his sting. And he has not broken any con
tract, because beos, like Prussians, are bar
barians." So Germany's mpet delightful man
is a barbarian.
Professor Muenstcrberg makes this grace
ful thrust: "Every one knows the mild ex
pression of the face of Georgo V, and the
gentle, melancholy features of Czar Nicho
las, and the comfortable, phlllstlno expres
sion of President Polncare, and the pretty,
youthful look of Albert of Belgium." Tho
professor adds that havoc has been wrought
In American public opinion by tho Kaiser's
mustache, so formidable In cartoons.
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
Treat Turkey Fairly but Firmly
WHATEVER course may be taken by the
United States in consequence of Tur
key's abrogation of the capitulations, it
should at least be definite and firm. For
obvious reasons there is little continuity In
our diplomatic policy, so far as we have one;
but that Is certainly no reason for hesitancy
and wavering in dealing with such a ques
tion as that which rises out of the action of
the Ottoman Government. Internal condi
tions in Turkey are much disturbed, as is
evidenced by the fact that several of the
principal American schools in that country
have been cut off from communication with
the outside world for more than a week; tho
manner of the renunciation of the treaties
with European nations and the United States'
is not exactly encouraging to easy diplomatic
negotiation: and the conduct of Ambassador
Kustem Bey, which may or may not repre
rent the Turkish attitude toward this coun
try, hardly suggests mildness In our com
jxiuuications with the Government from
which he is accredited. As for Ambassador
A. Rustem Bey, he has been blandly Insolent.
Our educational and charitable "interests" In
Turkey, which were established under the
protection of a treaty now broken, are Just as
important as large commercial Interests could
bf The American people know compara
tiely little, as yet, as to what the Admin
istration has said to Turkey and how it has
bceti wild: but there i's no doubt that prompt
and decisive action on the part of this Gov
ernment is indispensable to national self
respect and the protection of our "Interests"
Leader or Bandit?
IF WE are ready for a llttlo faith, the sit
uation in Mexico is not so bnd as It ap
pears. If we accept Villa's sincerity, he
seems to be striving logically for those things
that he has always stood for. Consistently,
through all his campaigns, he has chnmploned
tho peon. And ho has stood always for a non
mllltary government to perpetuate his re
forms. Carranza has not given evidence of
carrying out tho plans which Villa thinks
necessary to tho salvation of the peon. The
"First Chief" has hesitated to Indorse the
land program. He has shuffled over the
military question; worse, he seems to have
kept his personal ambition squarely in the
foreground. Villa Is demanding and with
what looks like success that tho military
leaders, himself Included, be eliminated from
present or prospective holding of political
It is a good stand that Villa has taken.
Why does it receive so little Indorsement In
the United States? Primarily, because Ameri
cans have lacked faith In his1 sincerity. They
have thought him nn ambitious man, bent
on self-aggrandlsement. The evidence has
been his record or what is said to have been
his record before tho revolution. The one
word, "bandit," '-in done the trick. Tet It
is well to remember that the very conditions
in Mexico against which Villa is fighting are
the sort to make our definition of "bandit"
next to useless. Many a Revolutionary
leader of 1776 was technically a smuggler
against the navigation acts of England.
WHEN Ktnrr George was still a midship
man in her Majesty's navy and his
brother, the Prince of Wales, since dead, was
known as "Collars and Cuffs," because of his
fondness for those appurtenances of every
day attire, the twain were aboard a ship off
Southampton. Wales was a sleepy head,
hard to wake, and one morning Prlnco
George found It well nigh Impossible to' rouse
his brother In time for the usual Inspection.
Finally, driven to desperation, he bawled
"Hey, Collars, get up! They're singing
'God Save Your Grandmother' already."
'tlstory falls to relate whether "Collars"
ever told Grandma Victoria.
THIS may be a base libel on an honored
profession, but It Is told by tho man who
perpetrated the faux pas. He was a reporter
for a Baltimore paper or had been one for
about an hour, this being his first experience
In newspaper work when the city editor sent
him out to see Cardinal Gibbons. Tho "cub"
rushed down to the modest white house
whero the venerable prelate lives and rang
the bell. A man servant opened tho door.
"Is the Cardinal at home?" asked tho
"Oh, Mrs. Gibbons will do," ejaculated tho
Hail to the Braves!
PHILADELPHIA extends the hand of con
gratulation to tho Boston Braves and
promises them a cordial welcome to our
city. It Is pleasant to have a new foe, the
first since the Cubs fell before the mighty
prowess of the Athletics. Not the haughty,
metropolitan enemy this time, but an em
bassy from learned, cultured Boston. The
world's series of 1914 will be unusually
classic. To the Braves all courtesies will be
extended; the keys of the Quaker City will
be theirs; everything but the title of
Reform the Patent Office
NOW that Congress has torn itself rcgret
rully away from the pork barrel, it might
turn its attention to some matter- in which
there is neither political profit nor an oppor
tunity to sandbag the Government. One of
these is the American patent system. If any
public service needs reorganization It is the
Patent Office. There may be very good rea
Eons for altering much of our attitude to
ward the vested monopoly of Invention, but
Congress need touch no such moot question
tn order to do good work in readjusting the
laws and proceedings by which we try to
stimulate inventive genius. Let it merely
make th present scheme workable. Tards of
red tape should be cut away. The whole
method of testing the priority of a patent
should be simplified. Now it is only the cor
poration with endless resources and a multi
tude of lawyers that can outlive the ten or a
dozen mazes of legal proceedings through
which a casn may be driven. And the public
is quite defenseless when a rich company
prefers buying and suppressing a patented
improvement to using it for the people's
Trifling With the Telephone
TELEPHONING isn't what It was. It
won't even be what K is very long, if
tho Inventors keep on. One of them has
epent U years on thq misanthroplo Job ot i
turning nut an attachment to detect the
third party who cuts in to listen to ti little
gossip. With 3,000,000 party lines in use in I
the I'nlted States, the misery likely to ba
caused by this single invention is appalling
Worse still, the same mechanism may be set i
to cut off a conversation at the end of a '
certain number of minutes.
And do any of us want the "seeing-by-w
ir" attachment that another of these busy
bodies has invented? Imagine the embar
rassment of the five-foot man with the. timid
rps who prefers to blow up the coal com
puny over tho phone! Contemplate the con
fubion of milady who likes to ch'at with her
fnemU in boudoir negligee! How will tho
busv husband at the club be able to "pull"
the old. old bluff of "detained at the Qfllce"?
Tho inventors had better curb their passion
Watchful Waiting in the Philippines
SINCE the Spanish war too much partisan
rancor has been caused by the Philip
pine question. Political lines have been too
tensely drawn. It may be granted that there
are essential and Important differences be
tween the two leading parties in respect to
their notions of "colonial policy," but broad
conceptions of national responsibility have
sometimes been subordinated to narrow, bit
ter partisanship. The real issue which hinges
on the Jones bill, now under discussion In
Congress, is not "Shall the Filipinos ulti
mately havo self-government?" The bill
does contain a provision which pledges ulti
mate self-government; and a promise even
of something certain is rather dangerous in
a case like this. But the real question is,
"Have the Filipinos proved themselves
worthy of a more liberal share In their own
Government?" That issue doe3 not call for
The United States assumed grave respon
sibilities when it took over the Philippines;
and in determining the future of the islands
Its responsibilities are fully as grave. It is
imperative that the mistakes of the Recon
struction Period In our own history shall not
be repeated. The Fifteenth Amendment Is a
dead letter for the very simple reason that
"previous condition of servitude" is some
thing that absolutely must be considered in
reference to any grant or extension of politi
cal liberty. Knowing the past history of the
Philippines and something of the present ex
tent of ignorance and barbarism among many
Filipino tribes, and knowing that the forces
of democratic eivllizatlon have been working
there only a few years, less than a single
generation, the United States should go
pretty slow in relaxing Its civil guardian
ship. The slower the better
State Conscience Wields Power
NOTHING ran withstand the jesistless
power "f the collective conscience when
men make an interlocking society of their I
consciences Public opinion takes the shape
of something that resembles an avalanche
in strength. Nothing is more feared by
enemies of the public welfare than the com
bined moral sense of a State. Issues of tho
campaign are supposed to be determined by
this non-partisan morality, which re,presepts
the sound good eenso of tho citizen vvho
believes that "righteousness cxalteth a na
tion but sin Is a reproach to any people."
The Illumination of this faculty, which co
ordlnates the human with the divine, ought
to bo one of the purposes of the campaign
now making appeal to the people of Pennsylvania,
WHO Invented the cocktail? Some bar
tender? A bon vlvant? Or -'as its dis
covery the result of a drunken frolic?
The cocktail was Invented by Mrs. Eliza
beth Flanagan, widow of an Irish soldier
who fell In the .service of the American nrmy
.during the Revolution. After her husband's
death, Mrs. Flanagan became an army sut
ler, following a troop of Virginia horse under
Colonel Burr. In the winter of 1770 she took
up quarters with the troop In a place called
Four Corners, on the road between Tarry
town and White Plains, N. Y. near tho
demesne of John D. Rockefeller. There Mrs.
Flanagan set up a hotel which soon becamo
the rendezvous of the "swells" of that day.
One day the hostess surprised her guests by
announcing a new drink the cocktail sup
posed to have been named after the blending
of colors In the tall of a game cock.
EVERY time King Mcnelik of Abyssinia
was reported dead again, the news re
called the Solomonic manner In which tho
dusky potentate meted out justice. Onco two
of his subjects went to an orchard to gather
fruit. One climbed the tree and shook the
fruit down, while the other gathered it.
Finally the branch on which the treed one
was sitting broke, and he fell on his com
panion, killing him.
Under the Abyssinian law, the relatives of
the dead man demanded a life for a life, de
clining the proffered blood money. The case
went Into court and finally reached King
Menellk. When he had heard all the evi
dence In the case, he delivered his judgment
"You are within your ights In demanding
the life of tho accused. But the law says
distinctly that ho must be killed in exactly
the same manner as was his victim. Let one
of the dead man's relatives climb a high tree
and fall on the accused until he has killed
There being no volunteers, the accused was
AFTER many weary months two political
-TJL prisoners In the Siberian Jail at Akaitol
had dug a tunnel to that wonderful freedom,
so long denied to both. On the outside
friends were waiting them. Finally they
gained what they had sought. The one pris
oner was hustled away; the other hidden In
a barrel of sauerkraut and shipped to
Irkutsk, where he emerged, odoriferous but
free. He managed to make his way to Japan
and thence to San Francisco. Eventually,
Gregory Gershunl came to this city some
five years ago. Accompanied by a friend he
wandered about the town, seeing the sights
in the cradle of American liberty.
Slowly he walked along Fifth street until
he came to Independence Hall. Slowly he
read the inscriptions of tho tablets on tho
walls. For a long while minutes he stood
in silence, the while tears fell down his
"For that, for liberty, for freedom, for
humanity we are fighting in Russia even
as you fought here," he said. "Even as you
won, so will we win. Even as your fore
fathers suffered for their Ideals and princi
ples, so have we suffered and so must we
suffer more In the days to come, until free
dom comes to Russia."
Never talk war with your barber. Perhaps
he is one of them
Belligerent Footnotes o History
Tlii: writers of each warring nation pre
sent a united front against the pens of
the enemy, and no quarter 13 given to per- i
sons or peoples who wave, a foeman's flag.
The literary conflict is interesting to watch. '
Hugo Muensterberg, who usually backs his
German propagandist!! with the name of i
Harvard University, presents In one of the j
October magazines a moat engaging picture I
of "Emperor William, the Man." The j
Kaiser's sense of humor, the beauty of his
domestic life, his marvelous intellectual
vers unity, which surpasses even that of
Theodore Roosevelt, the incomparable mag
netism of his personality all blend In this
portrait ot "Germany's moat delightful man."
And besides it Is a needless revolution, as
we already have a surplus of Mexican films.
It is a pity that the domain of Santa Claug
should be in the heart of the war territory;
About now look out for an announcement
that the price of coal will be Increased be
cause of the scarcity of labor In the mines,
due. to foreign nationals being drafted into
imaginary European armies.
Writes the Colonel to Rulzer: "The rea
son that I was reluctant to see you Instead ,
of tontinulng to communicate with you by
writing, was because I wished no ground to j
arise for failure on your part to rerollect I
just what I had said." Thanks fur this i
longer and more beautiful verbiage!
Britain has yet to learn the lesson which
all nations must learn War is a terrible
thing, and the nation which indulges in it
must pay the price that staggers," as Presi
dent Kruger of the Transvaal put it And,
above all, no war is won until the last battl
baa bean fought.
WHEN your gaze runs afoul of a male
adorned with a wrist watch and pink
sockb and a purple necktie, think kindly or
unkindly of him it all depends upon whether
you swear by Thomas Carlyle or Oliver Wen
dell Holmes, both of whom have furnished
intimate descriptions of the "dandy." Says
the former in "Sartor Resartus":
"A dandy is a clothes-wearing man a man
whoi'o trade, office and existence Is the wear
ing of clothes. Every faculty of his soul,
spirit, purse and person Is heroically conse
crated to this one object, the wearing of
clothes wisely and well; so that, as others
dress to live, he lives to dress "
And now look nn the other side of the
picture furnished by Holmes:
"There was Alclblade.s, the 'curled son of
f'llnlas.' an accomplished young man, hut
what would bo called a 'swell' In thes,e das.
There was Aristotle, a distinguished writer
of whom you have heard a regular dandy
he was. So was Marcus Antonlus so was
Sir Humphry Davy so was Lord Palmer
ston. if 1 am not forgetful. Dandles such as
I was speaking of have rocked this planet
like a cradle, aye, anil left It swinging to
WHICH brings bad? to memory that his
toric Joke about tho American girl who
would pot marry a nrltlsh peer, declaring
that the "Yankee dude'll do."
TaVins tho " Oin" Out or Virainia
From the New Orletiu State
By actual count 325 paragraphers up to
date have observed that the Prohibitionists
have taken the gin out of Virginia.
The word "factotum." denoting a man of
all work, dates back several centuries lien
Jnnson in one of his playn, makes Tip as.k:
"Art thou the Pomlnus?" to which the host
replies: "Fact.ituni. here, sir" Foulls, in
his "History of the Plots of Our Pretended
Saints." 1674, says. "He was so furre the
dominus tactotum in this junctio that hl3
words were law "
In other days, apothecaries were called by
the name of Bolus, because they adminis
tered boluses George Colman adopted this
name for hia apothecary who wrote labels
in verse, one of which was the celebrated
To be well shaken."
But the patlert being shaken instead, died.
Although Napoleon I is credited with prtKi
lnatlng tho phrase, 'from the sublime to the
ridiculous," yet Paine In his "Age of Rea
eon" antedates him as follows;
"Tho sublime and the rldlculotiB are often
so nearly related that It Is difficult to class
them separately. Ono step above the sub
lime makes the ridiculous, and one step
above the ridiculous makes the sublime."
The "odor of sanctity" of otd was some
thing more than a mere play of words. Su
perstition held that the body of a dead saint
emitted a sweet odor, while that of ono tin
baplzcd smclled offensively.
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
Means to nn End
"You taking cornet lessons, and 50 years
"Yes, but not for long. I expect to bring
the young lady next door to tcims within a
week. She takes singing lessons."
Never Fails '
Life's grim perversity appals,
And makes one frown.
Tho darn fly paper always falls
Sticky side down.
Kansas City Journal.
"Life's ctissedncss would try a saint,"
I loudly cry.
The painted chair I sat upon
Was not yet dry.
Chance for a Stout Lady
From th Chicago Tribune.
Wanted Woman, clever, to fill vacancy
with largo corporation.
Happy College Days
"Did you ever do anything wicked at col
lege?" asked tho first sweet Junioress.
"We once pulled up a bed or Jlmson weeds,
dear," replied the freshmanettc.
This a zag
Is zlg poem,
Which first down.
(Old Milton didn't know 'cm; It makes the
An Unkind Cut
Let us once more take a look adown the
vista of time as the years unfold them
selves. It is the year 1023, and the women havo
been thoroughly emancipated and endowed
with complete and Inalienable political
"She," remarked a cltlzencss, "has the
Presidential bee In her bonnet."
"She has," added cltlzencss No. 2, "and
the bonnet Is dreadfully out of style, too."
Thcro was a man in our town
And he was wondrous smart;
There never was an auto that
Tho fellow couldn't start.
There never was a trolley car,
There never was a train.
There never was a vessel that
He galloped for In vain.
"Mother," asked Tommy, "Is it correct to
say that you 'water a horse' when he Is
"Yes, my dear," said his mother.
"Well, then," said Tommy, picking up a
saucer, "I'm going to milk the cat." Ladies'
A Useful Invention
"I reckon," said Farmer Corntossel, "as
how mebbe barbed-wire ought to be counted
as one of tho most useful Inventions of the
"For what reason ?"
"When there's a lot o' work to be done,
barbed-wire makes it impossible fur a feller
to sit on the fence an' look on." Washington
How Firm a Foundation
Two Phlladclphlans were talking of the
fortune of a third denizen of that city when
"His first lucky strike was in eggs. He
bought 10,000 dozen a,t a low figure, put them
in cold storage, and sold them at a profit of
more than 300 per cent. That was the
cornerstone of his great fortune."
"Ah!" exclaimed the other. "Then the
hens laid it." Harper's Magazine.
Exposing un Epicure
The epicure provokes a smile;
He babbles on and will not hush;
He talks champagne and reedblrds while
The doctor feeds him oatmeal mush.
"Why, Johnny, what's the matter with
"We had a free fight, mother."
"What do you mean?"
"There's 23 fightln' nationalities in our
school, mother, and only three stayed neu
tral." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The Open Season for Tdiots
The hunters now will get In line.
Their turn will soon be here;
And every cow will wear a sign.
"Don't Shoot Me. I'm No Deer!"
Indeed our beef will be so high
This warning will be heard
As cows go sailing thro' the sky,
"Don't Shoot Me, I'm No Bird!"
New York Mall.
If Cost-of-Livlng bars the way
And throttles Love's sweet tune,
Why. then, to Cupid men will say
"Don't Shoot Me, I'm Immune"
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
DONE IN BIIILADELPHIA
WHEN a small news Item announced a
few days ago the death of the driver of
the first police patrol wagon used In this city
I have no doubt that many who read tho
report were rnther astonished to learn that
this adjunct to tho Police Department had
been Introduced so long ago as 30 years. An
other generation has grown up since that
time, nnd it cannot properly appreciate con
ditions that existed hero before this system
was Introduced. ,
MAYOR WILLIAM B. SMITH, who did not
dislike the title bestowed upon him of
"Tho dandy Mayor," was responsible for
many reforms In the Police Department.
Whon he came Into office in 1884 this was
before tho days of the present city charter
the Mayor did not have the authority which
the Bullitt bill has given him. It has been
suld with moro truth than romance that In
those days the Mayor was llttlo more than
the chief of police so far as his authority
Probably that Is why Mayor Smith paid so
much nttentlon to regenerating the force.
Thcro wero only nbout 1500 policemen In 1884,
nnd tho city had long outgrown so small a
protective force. Even tho small army of
police today Is scarcely adequate. In 1884 tho
present era of expansion In all directions In
the city was beginning, and It becamo a
problem how to protect and patrol so largo
an atca with so small a force.
. The Hotel Child
After several years of hotel life, Perclval's
parents took up their residence in a cltv
"What are you doing, son?" the mother
asked him, when Perclval came into the
house one afternoon.
"I was just out on tho front porvh," re
plied Perclval, "listening to a man with a
pushcart paging blackberries." Judge.
A certain diplomat, perceiving that the
peace of the world (loud laughter) depends
upon a nicely adjusted equivalence of martial
bristling on the part of the Powers severally.
was mucn concernea over tun propensity or
superdreadnoughts to become obsolete al
most before they can be got Into tho water.
"A superdreadnought which isn't up to the
minute no moie makes for peace," he con
fessed, "than a last i car's tar makes for
He thought a moment. "The n mount of It
seems to be," he reflected, "that obsolescence,
as it affects naval construction, s too vital
a thing to be left to develop In its own way."
A little more and inspiration descended
upon him "What we need." he declared, "Is
a great many International conventions reg
ulative of the tooth of time, so to render Its
mordant') less inaiked."
In short, he was from that moment among
the rare company of tho world's really con
structive diplomats New York Evening
ALTHOUGH THE SEASON OF THY LIFE
Although the season of thy life decline.
And this th) body thow her wintry night,
These springtime suns will grant perpetual
Nor ever coldly on the Illy shine.
Nor ever coldly on this flesh of thine;
Earth's children take no unreturnlng flight.
Yearly the primrose halls thy yearning sight,
Yearly each hedge restores the eglantine.
And though thy brain and body tire and fall.
And though Death make a harvest of thy
And hang his sickle near thy door by night
Be fore thee then new mercies will unveil.
New hands, full ot old kindness, stay tby
New eyes console thee with the old love
r-KdJth Amis BteTrart In London Nation,
ONE of the first things that Smith did
when he went into office was to reor
ganize the police dress. He had entirely now
uniforms designed, and a part of this new
equipment was tho helmet, only retired for
the moro military cap a few years back. Ho
even went so far ns to change the buttons on
the uniforms, which were not of brass but of
a white metal. He introduced service stripes
on tho sleeves of the men of the force to show
how long they had served. New badges were
designed, as well as a more modern uniform
foi the higher officers of the police.
For the fit at time a physician was attached
to the Police Department. Mayor Smith ap
pointed the late Dr. Morris S, French police
surgeon, and the first work assigned to him
was the physical examination of every man
In tho department. Lectures on first aid to
the injured followed, and Doctor French pre
pared a little guide for the policeman cm
bodying the main points In these lectures.
All this reform, Introduced 30 years ago, is
In line with modern practice. In cases of ac
cident, or attempted suicide, it Is the police
man who Is first called to the victim. In the
old days ho did what ho could, but If ho were
clumsy or had no genius In this line he was
worse than useless.
Now all this was changed. He had at
tended lectures, and where he had failed to
understand he found somo useful hints -In
his little book that stood him In good stead
at a critical time. He also had been In
structed In bandaging; ho had directions for
restoring persons apparently drowned, and
he cartled a list ot antidotes for tho most
BUT even with all these improvements,
the fact remained when a patrolman was
taking a prisoner to a police station or an
injured person to a hospital, his heat was
unprotected for an hour or even as much as
three hours. More delay was caused by the
necessity of taking "drunks" to tho police
stations in whelbarrows, when they wjro
too much under the Influence to walk. To
reform a condition such as this was a real
work of civic betterment, and having
learned how successful tho police patrol sys
tem had worked In Chicago, Mayor Smith ad
vised that the system bo udopted here. Late
In the year the first patrol wagon was in
stalled in the Third Police District, and Its
first dtlver was Alexander Boyd, who died
a few days ago.
The system included the telephone, which
in 1SS4 was not In general use even In busi
ness places In this city. Consequently the
police patrol system was more than a mere
reform; It was a radical change. The patrol
man went to a little box, telephoned to t'ie
station for the wagon and remained at ins
post. The plan also provided a system by
which the police reported every hour to show
they were attending to business.
THE Introduction of this system was as
good as u hundred extra men on the force.
By the end of Mayor Smith's term there
were eight patrol wagons in the city. There
was still need of many moro, but he had
made a decided step toward cltlclency.
At first, when the wagons were a novelty,
the drivers believed they wero expected to
respond as rapidly as a fire engine. As this
was found to wear out the horses unneces
sarily, after the many runs In the eoure
of the day, a moderate rate of speed was
ordered. The plan proved to be the ho3t
adjunct to the police dopattment up to that
time, and with tho Introduction of motor
wagons the efficiency has been again In
creased. Although Mayor Smith was Im
peached, he did a good work, nnd there are
still living persons who believe that he was
a "dandy Mayor." GRANVILLE.
The Kaii-cr: Bad or Incompetent?
from the Columbia IS. r.) Plate.
The Germans continue to protest that they
dirt not want war; that the Kaiser was for
If we giant the truth of the clsltu ono of two
conclusions Is Inevitable:
rtrst, that the Kaiser was grossly Incompe
tent ns a conseivator of peace and ought to
abdlcste so that some more Intelligent German
ctii Ko on the Job. or
Second, that practically the rest of Kurope
was wickedly and insanely eager to make war
In the latter rase It must be confessed that
the llinpeior has fallnl to so govern hta empire
that othe- nations would not hate it, or ,i(t
that otlici nations are alogetliPr bad while
righteousness Is a Of i man monopoly.
Accepting the Kmperor's own piemlses it
seems to follow that It not a bad he la an In
"Prayer," said a simple Japanese convert
"is like the two buckets of a well. When one
bucket is sent down empty the other bucket
conies up full."
And there we have the true concept of
prayer. Not only is it Impartlve; it a re
ceptlve. As one gives one receives.
Two young men were camping In the
woods. Neither was what Is popularly known
as a "churchgoer." They were just two
average American boys -healthy, alert and in
for a good time. ,u '"
When bedtime came one of the bovs knn
down to pray. The other looked nn In h
cere amazement. As the kneeling lad arose
from his prayer his companion was j-azii,
fixedly at tho ground. as &az"S
"Bill." said the one who had not prajed
"I hope you said one for me ' The words
bore a suggestion of the Jocular wrus
"Fred." replied the other. "90 per cent of
my prayer was for you. If i had prayed 1 fnJ
myself I would not feel nearly BS hapy? not
nearly bo murh at peace with the whole uni.
verse as I do now," u,u''
Which brlnss out the great big substance
in true prayer unselfish petition for i J
well being and lmpplness of others. ll.
Later Bill asked Fred If ho had .. '
out on a hot. dirty tramp and on C0J5i?h
homo cnjoyed the thrilling sensation ?ln
exhllarAtlng bath, "Well?" contlmio i
j.-. ...,. ,. lcll, aoii.- or me had . ; j
aa naewCK ' s
VIEWS OF READERS 1
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opinj
ion on Subjects Important to City
State nnd Nation. ,
To the Udltor ef the Itvenlnp Ledger! '
Sir-In view of the fact that tho vote In Vl,.'
glnh makes eleven States that have gone in
hibition thrniiffli i, 'n...u. .. J ne pro'
--" - -joi.iunii inuucnc nt
women on the Votes of men nlorte, how can thi
suffragists circulate such rlaiculous npne. ..
they sent out recently?
Of the nine suffrage Stales, none Is prohlbltlft.
but Kansas, nnd It went dry three years befn,.
women got the vote there. Cojorado, Orcir01L
Washington, nnd California, suffrage States si!
rejected prohibition, and Wyoming, when
women have voted 45 years, never voted as much
as one county "dry." Can Dr. Anna Hewarf
Rhaw or any of the other suffrage leaders tell
jour newspaper why?
If only BS per cei)t. of tho Colorado womw
uu vUlcu .iKdniBi, inc saioons in 1912, nrohlbl,
tlon would have won by more than 600) voto.
without one male ballot In Its favor. Why rtldn'i
the women voters there represent true woman!
hood no well as the malo voters have In m.i.
suffrage States? ma'
Only per cent, of the registered women In
the whole city of Chicago voted on Septembi?
D. Can any sano person believe that tho oth.J
ifi per .cent, are represented ns well by tho f.
male politicians and feminists ns they nre b
tlielr own husbands, fnthets. ons mwl brothers
Why nre Denver, Chicago and Frisco "wld
open" on Sundays? Because tho kind of women
that want to ape men Ilka such "freedom,"
Ardmorc, September 2S, 10H.
HE WANTS SUNDAY AMUSEMENTS
To the editor of tha Evening Ledger;
Sir Knowing nothing whatever nbout the mat.
ter, I am, of course, competent -to discuss thi
question of Sundny amusements. I renllj at
the outset that It Is wofully wicked to enjoy one
day of rest a week. 1 know thnt Feeing a gams
of baseball between licalthy-mlmled youngstcn
will pend me to eternal dcmnltlon. i feel, too
that If I were to spend an hour watching mov
ing pictures of world's events I would elzzlt
In the sheol of past nges.
And yet, being a brave man. 1 would willingly
take a clmncc on the hereafter In order that I
n.leht escipe a typical Philadelphia Sunilav-thi
dullest, most horrifying day of all tho west
Trul, I'd rather work than pass a Sunday In
Is tlieio no happy medium on which the Blua
Stockings could meet tho sane Sundnyltes and
arrange for religious observance until, say, 1
o'clock, and decent, orderly amusements after
that hour? Or. Is this city to remain rotroactln
MICHAEL E. PillSTO.
Philadelphia, September 29, 1914.
WHERE IS THE FRENCH NAVY?
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Like many readers, I have been putilel
tn account for lack of a sea battle In the Euro.
pcan war. AVc all expected England's great
r.avy to do something spectacular when Church
Ill first gave It sealed orders. But so far noth
ing has happened beyond a few petty engage
ments. Germany's fleet is apparently able, br
moans of tho Kiel Canal, to scuttle back an!
forth from the North Sea, wheru England waits,
to tha Baltic, whore the Russian navy Is not
strong enough to do any damage. But whers
all this time nre the French ships? Why hart
not tho combined navies of England, Franc
nnd Russia been able to close un both .r,H
of the canal and cut Germany off from' Inter-1
covise wnn acanaanavia, across the Baltic!
Camden, X. J , September 20. 19H.
A SHOP GIRL PLEADS GUILTY
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir As a saleslndy, I have been much inter
ested In the letters appearing In your column!
regarding tho treatment of customers. I was
pleased, ot course, that a shopper should admit
htr occasional feelings; but I feel we girls owa
It quite as much to her to admit that very often
we are far from courteous or patient. Some-i
times, of course. It Is not our fault. Standlnj
all da) at work gets on one's nervea. But often
we are merely "soured on life," and let oat
our feelings on the customer. F, A. 0.
Philadelphia, September 23, 1DH,
A COMMISSION FOR PHILADELPHIA
To the Editor of tho Evening Ledger:
Sir There is one very plain lesson from the
"marble halls" grab. Philadelphia needs a
commission form of government. She needs to
be able to put her finger squarely on the win
or men who plunder her. She needs the chance
of electing a few good men like the preeent
Major, Instead of a drove of nondescript pro
fessional politicians. Sho needs to get respoa
slblllty and business efficiency Into her govern
ment, A commission Is the way,
II. L. FLUMMER
Philadelphia, September 19, 19H.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
No greater opportunity has been offered
American genius by the exigencies of thi
Kuropean war than is to be found In thi
great cliunce for the development of real
dye manufactures. Washington Times.
Kven In baseball It Is good to get out of
rut. New York's failure to win the National
League pennant for tho fourth time la suc
cession Is from that point of view a boost
for the game. New York Tribune.
Let the suggestion of B. C. Forbes, of N
ork, And response everywhere In America.
sajs: "To keep every American worker PW
employed and every honest American buslneii
man prosperous, demand 'made In Amerk
goods. This Is self-defense and true patriotic"
Detroit Flee Press,
Tlie praises of militarism, still sounded l
certain quarters, arc strangely like trie
laudations of negro slavery wnicn j"y
heard In th!3 country on the eve of the wy'
VYIir WHICH VUB HI ttllUMOII II. """"(.r.i
both cases, that Is to say, what was at tm
apologized for as a temporary evil U w
up later as ine uigiicsi buuu.--" --
The President has been notified that if M
insists on the passage oi ine uo, "".
, I llll f,nnf,rIII WW
owned mercnani inariim uiu u"o,"- . ,
not be able to adjourn before the ?-ovemv;
elections, 'rnis means tnat too ,-"':;-:-sidists
are Improving their strangle-hoi an
a uemocraiio congress anu ,.. ' ,","V'i
a long fight to shake them off. Th13..0'"
the situation, wiiy a surrenaer ravu --
nghtf -New vorn woriu.
Times of Btress produce stronff men, j
the "Pancho" Villa of other days is now to;
strong man of Mexico. If he was i an um
tered Indian, nevertheless he is the sowj
who destroyed the power of the consplrawj
who had seized the government ''."i i
a bandit, nevertheless he has been -ti
the political doctrine of the '"urderea j
dero. If he was a tyro in Io,''c,,',hfnFi.a4
ev Idence of statesmanship sufflclent to
him to recognize the value of the i long i
ferlng gWl will of the I'nlted States toww
the Mexican people. Boston Herald.
The administration of the Treasury 'I
highly educational occupation, and )" dH
McAdoo la giving signs of read'nes U
capacity to learn. The banks which ne w
sisted with Treasury runas '- dl,.
abused his trust In them that he na i9
cipllned them privately and threaten v
so publicly. Ho gave them Pub'1?l,I"croe-'
a public purpose the moving of tne "VJ ti
and they have diverted them - KJ'Jm
purposes, the heaping up of exceMJ"
serves. Jfew York Times,