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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, October 03, 1914, Night Extra, Image 8

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CYllUS II. K. CUHTIS. Pnr.sitirT.
iGeo. W. Och. Pfcrctnryi John C. .Mrtln. Trpnuurfr;
Chrle II. Lmllngion, Philip a. Collin. John U. Wit
llamn. Director.
Ctr.L'8 It. K. CtinTls. Chnlrmnn.
KJ1. tVH.Vt.UV u L. LL. Kwuth e rMltnr I
JOHN C. MAItTIN rjon'rnl ItiiflntKii Mutineer
rubllncl dully, exctia Kun.lav. nt t'rnt.lc I.mxieii
nulldlns, Imlepemlenni iivnro. Phl'Milelphln.
I.rennn f'KVTnit. ttrnail rtn.l OheMnut Streets
ATMNTIo Cut.... ('I'M" Vii lo llulldlnu '
Nrw Vouk 1T0.A. Mrtronrtlltnn Tower .
news iicnu.VfS!
mnniKBcnn IirniMu.' .'.'.. Th ivtirioi tiuiMln
RV8,'I!p,?ii: :; :::: ' Pali' jisVn&t.W"
Pima Uukejiu 32 Hue Loul la UranJ
si"n?citltTi(N Tt:itMs
Pv carrier. iJut.T Ovi.r. nlxecnis. ttv mull. pntti.il.l
Mt!,V nf IMillmlelnhln. cxcrKt wherp fnrelBn tinMUKO
M required. Dm.? Ntr. on- month. nwim-rive eem.
Dut.t o.Ni.Y, one enr. thrco dollnrs. All mall nuiweriif
lions rmjnbjj in aH'nnr.
rru, .1000 WAi-MiT
KKlsTDNtt MAI .1000
CT Attttre&i nil rommiintcatton to
Ledger, Innewndence Sijwnrr, PMladftithln.
tNToiiEn at Tin) ritiMnvi.ptiM roKTorrtet: 49 stcosb-
PIIIUMIKLIMIIA, SATl'HItU, OClOlllill .1, 1911
Pcnroscism Terrorizes Vormoiit
LKADINU Uetmbllcans In ninny States
I have dcclatcd publicly that tlin groat
foe of the protectionists Is Holes Penrose.
Tho Republican party of the nation finds it
necessary to repudiate Pcnroscisin. It Is the
duty of the P.epublicun party of Pennsylvania
to do likewise ut tho polls.
Tho Kroo Press, of Hurllngton, Vt., Is the
chief Republican paper In one of the two
States which voted for Tuft In 1912. It snys:
The protectionists of the Culled States
arc beginning to realise that we
must eliminate as our recognized mouth
pieces and public representatives ihpii who
bavo helped to Imperil both protection and
Republicanism by causing theee mimes to
stand for what tho great mnxs of Hie peo
ple do not want. Everybody well
Informed icgarils Ponroselsm In Philadel
phia the same as Tiimmnny Hull in New
York. Whereas the way for a pollticnl
party to seeuru the support of the present
generation of Americans us a whole Is to
lccrvo support by ctenn politic.-", squnru
dealing and thoiough fealty to Stirling prin
ciples. Tho name of Penrose Is a burden to Re
publicanism in every State of thu Union.
More '" Uplift" From Councils
COUNCILS are turning philanthropic again.
These specialists in marble hall "uplift"
want to confer with other charitable organi
zations about tho city's unemployed. Winter
is still some months off, but election time Is
only a matter of weeks. So the honorable
gentlemen and amateur sociologists htiv
formed n special committeo to go talk with
the charities.
Thero nro two natural explanations. Hither
the woodpile has a political "nigger" in It,
first cousin to the LSthiopinn real estnto
speculator that graces the. municipal courts
bill, or else Councils sudden Interest in the
i unemployed Is nuother "uplift" bluff, do-
signed, like Mr. Connelly's delinquent child
enthusiasm, to blind the public to crooked
If Councils are sincere, why don't they vote
the. "$50,000 that the Mayor is constantly call
ing for to keep Philadelphia's Coo street
pavers at their much-needed work? There's
unemployment. Why don't they do some
thing? Tho cause and the cure aro right
In their own hands.
City Men Make Good Soldiers
PSYCHOLOGY Is playing n larger pnrt In
the battles of this war than many realize.
Observers report some Interesting mental
phases of tho conflict that uro vastly Im
portant, not only In determining the result,
but us criterion of our civilization. For
one tiling, it is being noted that the city
dwellers much despised hitherto as de
generate, enervated weaklings aro proving
tho better soldiers. They weur better in
'lo titan their sturdier brethren of tho
ntry. They tand much bettor the ner
s strain of bomhurdment, of nil -day ox
enient and uncertainty. Their city life,
nld nolso. movement and danger, has
.rained them.
Yet even thoy aro not proof against tho
psychology ut tho German siege opera
tions. They wear down mentally and phys
ically under a mental torture that Pro
fessor Muonsterburg himself might have de
vised tho firing of tho great siege guns
Just so far apart as to give tho impression
each tlmo that tho bombardment is at laat
More Terrible Tlian War
THE war in Europe is deadly, but humoop
athlsts in convention tell us thai tho
scourge of cancer is deadlier still. Will tho
war kill -10.000 persons outright in a year?
Perhaps so, but the doctor say that rancor
Kills that many in our mjuiud alone an
nually. Krupp guns, mrpinite and all tho
other destructive agencies of wart uro sink
into insignificance Wure this Invidious
enemy of mankind, whih doesn't attack us
face to face, but steaks its way within, elves
no quarter, takes no prisoners, but destroy
all alike. Despite the great progress of
medicine. It would appear that little Inroad
s been made on the stronghold of tho so
'eO. Incurable diseases, jf war is bell.
i ghali we say of enncer?
Operatic Legions
"ESI3 are tense dajs round the Metro-
Htun Operu House in New York, Tho
flnt'Class home of music-drama vviih
chance of opening this winter Is waUins
a ousiy for news from Italy. Neutrality or
no neutrality, that is the question. If the
Italians decide to take back Trieste, there
will bo a different sort of "Miserere" at the
Metropolitan this winter. Little Miss Tren-
tlnl reports that Director Oattl-Casazza, is
gloomy. He sees his legions storming the
Austrian frontier to the tune of the "Sol.
alers' Chorus" from "Faust." Caruso la in
tsars at the proapect of being drafted to
bring down some modern Jericho at a price
considerably under his usual J2000 a, night,
vBut little Trentlnl isn't worrying. Jf women
iHjyan't vote, at any rate they don't liave to
-thjhJ, And she's graciously looking forward
i nws of what she thinks will be Caruso's
istjiiy, the commissariat.
Terrible Burden of Defectives
X RHVOLUTIONAUY days a youth who
i, had enlisted in the Continental army be
Lame acquainted with a girl vt the defective
typ. who. although physically matured, was
,et an mUnt mentally Their son, born
iX wedtocK wj-5 feeble-minded. From
10 ' 3 nded iQ m-n. and worncr
- 1- 1 il 1 Bl. lutn vpr4 fetihlA-
enure total normal.
SBHBBlBHlBlBllllBCiUJjlV ill 1. 1 lUo enure total nonml. , tnrJhn TTl
H - 1 -- . --- v .,"" ,
The records show: Thlrty-slx Illegitimate
descendants, 33 morally perverted, 24 con
firmed drunkards, 3 epileptics, 3 confirmed
criminals with police records, 8 keepers of
This record In told with a purpose, for the
ancestor of this tribe of degenerates, after
tho Revolution, married n. normal woman,
l'Yom them have descended Senators, Con
gressmen, t'nlted States .Judges, Ambassa
dors and Hvo college presidents, every one
There art more than 200,000 mentally do
fccmu 1,c",,1 at lare '" tllla country. There
' ",0 3000 fccblo-mlndcit children In tho pub-
! He schools of Philadelphia. In the State of
! l'cnniiylvunltt theio arc nt least 7000 do-
'"" ve wwn ml girls, whose mentality Is
such that they have practically no concep-
lf,,n f tho meaning of morality. From them
wl" descend, so It Is estimated, 35,000 feoblo-
, ,,.n,,t.l ,.. .1 ... ,-. . .... ..,. ,...
"" - ncsi .u yenro. Aim iiom cny
and Stnlo arc marking time as regards their
tare nnd segregation.
Waking Up American Industry
LET no ono despair over the big decrease
I in customs collections at tho port of
Philadelphia for July, August and Septem
ber. If other Items in the same day's news
have any meaning, tho boom In exports to
the embattled nations has begun.
Accoidlng to the Treauury Department,
grain shipments to Great Uiitaln, France and
Scandinavia have taken a big Jump. One of
the nations nt war has placed a single order
for 110,000 barrels of Hour tho largest ever
given with a St. Louis milling firm. Grecco
Is said to be buying great stores of wheat
here. Cuba has come Into the American
market, through a member of the Havana
Foreign Trade Bureau, for $30,000,000 of man
ufactures that used to come from Europe.
Frunce is placing orders for 3000 automobile
trucks, Croat Hrltain for 100,000 tons of sheet
Work, It Is announced, will be resumed on
additions to Bethlehem's big steel plant.
Meanwhile Immigration nt Philadelphia has
fallen to a fifth of last September's. Amer
ica will soon bo In need of a dignified equiva
lent to the popular remark on worry.
"Sleeping Monster of the World"
the "yellow peril" and the "sleeping
monster of the world" were tactless at this
time, but there can be no doubt that out of
tho creation of gigantic economic nnd po
litical forces In the Far East will rise a new
world struggle. How that struggle will be
conducted, what shape It will take, Is a mat
ter of conjecture. Social evolution works
with greater force and precision today than
it ever did, and It Is, therefore, reasonable to
suppose Hint with the economic growth of
the Far East will also come the development
of the political acumen and democratic sen
sibilities of the peoples of China and Japan.
The Jester's Question
WHAT Is common sense?" said the jester,
and would not stay for an answer. It
has been announced that a certain college Is
to havo n. chair of common sense. From the
.standpoint of tho students, a "joke course."
Probably there aro several answers to the
jester's question, but here is ono: Common
scm,t" lH tlle ohlc ,,,st!lc,'o ' to way of
iuuHu-n?. al uun in uu wiui mo ouvious, me
generally accepted. Common sense derided
Columbus; common sense persecuted Coper
nicus and Galileo; common sense hanged
Jesus Christ on a cross at Calvary. Is thero
any greater arrogance than tho arrogance of
common sense? "Common sense should have
told him better," has always been the sneer
ing comment on every great man who has
hail difficulties In trying to lead science, or
religion, or politics out of the old ruts. No
wonder the Jester would not wait, but went
away laughing!
War's Waste in Human Welfare
THE navies of the warring nations have
suffered very little o far. Yet the cost of
the 'S minor vessels sunk makes a staggering
fortune when translated Into terms of human
welfare. A rough estimate gives 2,823,000.000
loaves of bread as the equivalent of the
511i.000.ono that the vessels cost. Tho loss In
this one small field of tho war has been SO
times tho amount necessary to mivo the half
million lives tnnt fall each year before pre
ventable diseases. Tho sum would furnish
pure free milk to the Infants of our big cities;
it would ilu untold good in other ways. This
from tho hundred-mllllon-dollar naval loss
alone. The London Nation estimates at least
60 millions a day for the armies. Multiply it
out and the human waste Is literally stag
gering. Art Is Universal Wealtb
ART belongs to all the world. The Alps,
. tho sea, the sky belong to every man
capable of seeing their grandeur. Popular
resentment against the iconoclasm of Euro
pean soldiers reveals n universal interest In
the masterpieces of architecture and paint
ing. The destruction of any art gallery in
Europe would be a loss to tho whole world.
It is this higher ufllnity which unites tho
nations, and onco disrupted by shell and
fchrapni-l, is resented by all who lovo the
When tho French troops entered Dresden,
Napoleon gave orders that the Madonna dl
San Slsto, by Raphael, should not be
touched. It was a gracious trihute to the
masterpiece and a recognition of the truth
that it was all men's property. Plcturei and
cathedrals and statues are biographies and
histories, and once destroyed can never be
Jt is hoped that Antwerp, where Rubens
sleeps and In whose cathedral three of his
masterpieces nans, may be spared the fright.
(Ut destruction that follows hi the wake of
Special Added Attraction: Penrose and
FHnn in their Famous "Pot and Kettle" Act.
Whether they call It the tango or the fox
trot, we wilt probably continuo to be more
danced against than dancing.
There Is balm for much-plundered Uncle
Sam In the news that tho Panama Fair has
been "touched" for $25,000.
By discharging their military air craft the
warring nations of Europe could greutly cut
down their overcharges.
D'Annunzlo calls on Italy to join the war
of the "Latin races" against extermination.
What, by the way. is the particular anthro
puloglcal cast of England, Japan and India?
Now as between a newspaper reporter who
would lose his job if he didn't write the truth
and an erratic forejgn representative whose
I Jr.b depends upon his delicate manipulation
ct facts aid the truth to suit It Iin't bard
Street to
NCE upon a tlmo there woa nn editor
.... ii.i.i i .i ..t., i.. ...,ii,i c. it
who dabbled deeply In politics. So It
was no wonder that when the occasion camo
and opportunity knocked nt the sanctum ho
consented, with considerable grace, to run
for Congress, He set to work to preparo his
literary and verbal ammunition, much to
the amusement of his co-workers, Ono
night when good people wore asleep and only
newspaper men prowled about, ho dictated
a speech to his stenographer, nnd this Is
what the rest of tho staff heard;
"And now, my friends, I must cense. I havo
taken enough of your time. In parentheses,
voice In the gallery: No, go on; you're good.
Close parentheses. I will comma however
comma 'say "
And ever nftcr bo wns known In Journal
istic circles as "Go on, you're good."
FORTY-EIGHT French kings nnd queens
were crowned In tho cathedral nt Rhclms,
the first being Louis IN, better known us
St. Louis. Hut tho most Interesting of the
coronations wns that of Charles VH, the
weakling. Henry VI of England had already
been crowned nt Paris, when Joan of Arc
drove the English Invaders back and rodo
Into Rhelms.
Tho consecration of her monarch, Charles,
took place a few days later. The affair was
a great military pageant, led by tho Maid
mounted on a charger. Chroniclers stato
that tho cavalcade rode up the aisles of the
cathedral. The Maid stood by tho side of
Charles, holding her victorious standard.
After the ceremony was completed Joan
dropped on her knees and, embracing those
of tho monarch, exclaimed:
"Gcntlo King, now tho will of God Is done,
who caused you to come to Rhelms to re
ceive your consecration and thereby show
that you are tho true King to whom the
kingdom should belong."
THERE arc weepy natures whom nothing
delights so much as retrospection nnd
recollection of woes. Richard Mansfield had
a valet of this type. One night tho actor
had Just dropped off into a doze when he
"heard the valet In the adjoining room moan:
"Ob, I am so thirsty! Oh, I am so thirsty!"
This continued for so long that Mansfield,
over impatient, demanded a glass of water
for himself. Tho valet brought it to the bed
side of the actor.
"Now drink it yourself," thundered Mans
field In truly Rlchardlc tones. Tho valet
obeyed and went back to bed. Again
Mansfield dozed off; again he was disturbed.
"Oh. I was so thirsty!" grunted the valet,
and that was why ho was discharged there
and then.
OCT beyond Darby stands an old-fashioned
frame house. Passers-by will hear
the voices of babes In chorus. It they mount
the porch and peep through tho windows
they will see a strange sight. Within thoy
will see a handsome, white-haired woman, a
baby in each arm. Nearby, her red-haired
daughter, an Infant on each Knee. Thero aro
babes playing on the floor and babes in
The white-haired woman, of Irish-Spanish
descent, has four children of her own, rang
ing from 11 to 20, but sbo must have the wall
of the tiny babo to make her happy. So sbo
has taken In the foundlings and those whose
mothers would hide their folly, and has
cared for them ns her own, sacrificing hours
of slcp and hours of waking to her love for
And her practical husband, who Is a
machinist by trade, is just as fond of the
little ones as is his wife.
FEW know that tho third Napoleon, who
lost his throne 41 years ago In that other
Franco-German war, looked utterly unlike a
Frenchman. He was short, with an enor
mously long upper body, diminutive legs; the
large head was crowned with light yellow
hair and his eyes wero exceptionally pale
blue. Tho writer saw him a number of times
during tho Emperor's captivity in Wllhelms
hoehe, whither he was taken after tho fall
of Sedan. Tho Emperor mingled freely with
the townspeople and nt Christmas, 1S70, dis
tributed gifts to all tho women and children
resident at tho hotel opposite the castle
where ho lived. Thrco years later, when a
German newspaperman a friend of a life
time visited the ex-ruler nt Chlselhurst, ten
days before his death, Napoleon said:
"I may not live to see It Lulu (his son)
may not live, but within 50 years France
will again be an empire and a Ronaparte will
sit on the throne."
There aro still six years In which to test
the gift of prophecy of the man who rose
from poverty in London to a throne In four
short years!
IT TAKES much to shock tho average poli
tician or political reporter, but It can be
done, and was, when a number of reporters
and political lights marched into tho old Fifth
Avenue Hotel, in New York, during tho first
Harrison-Cleveland campaign. Thoy went
there to meet James G. nialno, who had
donned his fighting clothes to defeat Clove
land for re-election. Ulalne wore a closely
trimmed full beard nnd mustache, and when
the reporters dropped Into his suite they were
told that he would fcee them in a minute.
After a bit, a ruddy, healthy man appeared at
the door and entered. Nobody paid any at
tention to him. He sat down and began to
read a paper. The minutes passed until
half an hour had gono by. Then some one
demanded to know where tho dlcftens Blaine
was. The ruddy ono arose.
"I'm Rlalne," he said.
"You're a darned liar," exclaimed an un
regenerate person present and It took James
G. Rlalne flvo minutes to convince the crowd
that he was really himself and all because
he had been shaved clean an hour before.
"Buckskins" was a name applied to Amer
ican troops during the Revolution. The
Marquis do chastellux, ;n his "Travels in
North America in 17S0-17SV says:
"The name of Buckskins is given to the In.
habitants of Virginia because their ancestors
were hunters and told buck or, rather, deer
skins." Burns says of them:
"Cornwallls fought as long's he'd ought
An did the buckskins daw htm." '
The Devil's Wall Is the old Roman
(Hadrian's) wall separating England and
Scotland. The peasantry believed that, on
account of the firmness of the mortar and the
imperishability of the stones, Satan had a
hand in its construction.
Hogen-Mogen was a name applied to Hol
land, it being the corruption of the Dutch
"Hooge en Mogende" (high and mighty)
Hudlbras uses the term "
'But I have sent ht-i for a token
To your Low-Country Hogen-Moge ."
The "Pnns' vanis Farmer" was John
Avn.m.uo7... nww wa uuru m Ji83, and who
statesman and author. In 1768 ho published
"Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer to the
Inhabitants of tho British Colonies."
The construction of tho Cane Cod canal
vul "l iiigiu jrm oi mo ;ornmon-
, wonUh... a aescrlptlvo term formerly applied
cut off tho "Right Arm of tho Common-
to tho Cape Cod district, becauco of Its pecu-
liar shape.
A Misuse of Language
Falrmount I hear that Kickshaw has" had
Ills automobile, smashed.
Wlssahlckon Indeed? I understood that It
wns tiullo unpremeditated on his part.
The Old, Old Story
Now sings the man whose heart's ns cold
To Fashion's coy ndvunco as lco
Who clings to things ho loved of old;
Somo say because he's shy tho price.
"1 do not euro for Fnshlon's laws;
Nor If my hot bo up to date;
I wear this last year's hat 'because
I will not let the shops dictate
The kind of lid that I must buy;
I'll stand ns firmly as a rock
Until they learn the reason why
And get tho old stylo hack-In stock."
Their Destiny
Tho Village Improvement Society of Lans-downe-ln-thc-PInes
was In animated session.
Two Important projects wero under discus
sion, namoly: Incineration of tho garbage and
Improvement of the water supply.
"I am very much afraid," remarked Mr.
Emerson McNutt, "that If wo nndertuko too
much, wo shall accomplish nothing. Would
It not be bettor to confine' our efforts to one
thing nt a tlmo?"
"I certainly think so, too," earnestly as
sented Miss Sophronla Gaggln; "let us throw
all our efforts lnto tho garbago."
Needs a Little Salt
"Sho Is compelled to tako Mr. Geezer cum
grano sails," went on Miss Callowhlll, pur
suing the subject.
"That is quito true," assented Miss Wlnc
blddlc. "He certainly Is exceptionally fresh."
Conscientious Objections
"What!" exclaimed Snodgrass, with
righteous Indignation, "What, buy a ticket
for a rafflo for a gold watch? No, sir; cer
tainly not. Why, sir, that would bo gam
bling. I never do anything of the sort. Be
sides, I never havo any luck that way."
Limerick for Eventide
There was a young fellow named Hughes,
Inordlnntely fond of his vughes;
He came home quite late,
No supper he ate,
But went to bed In his shughes.
Tiic Turk Is Catching On
Tho early closing movement now affects
tho Dardanelles.
Improvement Looked For
Tho Russians, who did not hesitate to
change tho name of St. Petersburg to Pet
rograd. won't do a thing to Przcmysl and
All Included
"I nm very glad to seo you," remarked
Jones to his friend, meeting him on his re
turn from his vacation. "How are you and
Mrs. Smith?"
"Quito well, thank you."
"And all the little Smithereens?" pursued
the questioner, anxiously.
Gctling Into Trouble
The Sultan wns slightly peeved.
"He Is ti venerable mnn, this missionary,"
explained tho Grand Vlscler, "but ho teaches
that all should pay their debts, from the
highest to tho lowest.
"By the beard of tho prophet!" thundered
the Sultan, "he Is too gosh durned personal."
Whereupon the Sublime Porte abrogated
all scraps of paper, formerly known as trea
ties. Hungry
There was a young fellow named Bowles,
Who was fond of his coffeo nnd rowles;
But doughnuts ho hated
Because so he stated
"There's not a thing to thorn but howles."
In Court
Judge What Is the reputation of tho de
fendant for veracity?
Witness other things being equal, your
Honor, he'll tell the truth.
The eyes of the vixenish young lady on tho
other side nf tho table glowed llko spots of
fire. She almost forgot to eat in her anxiety
to scrutinize every spoonful that went Into
tho mouth of the stur boarder. Something In
the air gave warning of a catastrophe Im
pending. Then, In dead sllonco, the star
boarder lifted tho last half spoonful to his
"Displaced," shrilled tho vixenish person
with a cackle of delight. "That's tho third
time you didn't find the oyster In your stow.
I havo it."
On Any Trolley Car
"Sure, the Kuzar's got twenty million men."
"Somebody'Il havo to pay a big indentity."
"Wo could lick "em In a week."
"If the Emprurs n kings hadda fight thero
wouldn't be no war."
Even So
Sounds of weeping and of protestations
were flltoilng from the house next door.
"Wonder wnssa matter?" Inquired Mr.
"Sumo old story," said his wife, "Mrs.
Jones Is trying to tnlk her husband Into buy
ing her a set of furs."
"Huh, regular furore, eh?"
Somebody Lied
Lists of the dead to dato Indlcato that the
population of Europe has been greatly under
estimated. Oh, Dear, No
A devico has been Invented to detect listen
ing on the telephone. Not, bo It understood,
to prevent tho practice.
In Wilhehu's Defense
Thete is this to ho said for the Kaiser,
(Though subjects might wish ho were walser)
That time and again
When It comes to his men
He has proven he Isn't a malser.
Thinned Scotch
'"D'ye ken Mac fell in the river on his way
hamo last nlcht?"
"You don't mean to say he was drowned?"
"Not drowned, mon, but badly diluted."
London Opinion.
A Treat
"What Is the charge?" asked tho Magls.
"Nuthln" 't all," snickered the prisoner at
the bar; "thls's on me." Buffalo Express,
Barber Your hair's very thin on the top,
Customer Ah, I'm glad of that; I hate fat
hair. The Tatlejj
Oh, London Is a man's town, there's power In
the atr;
And Paris la a woman's town, with flowers In
her hair;
And It's sweet to dream In Venice, and It's
great to study Rume;
But when It comes to living, there is no place
like home,
I know that Europe's wonderful, yet something
seems to lack; .
The past is too much with her, and the people
looking back.
But tho slory of the present Is to make the
future free
We love our land for what she Is and what she
is to be.
Oh, its home again, and borne ajain, America
for me!
I want a ihlp that's Westward bound to plow
the rolling sea
To the blessed Land of Room Enough beyond
the ocean bars.
Where the &r 1 full of sunlight and the flag is
full of Ur.
NOT many persons who read tho war nows
from Europo every day know that tho
hospital service and tho Bed Cross work
generally, which Is doing so much to relievo
tho sufferings of tho soldiers In nil tho
armies now engaged, was1 started fifty years
ago by the efforts of a Phlladelphlan. That
fellow townsman of ours was tho American
dentist, Dr. Thomas W. Evans.
There nro still somo persons who laugh
at the mention of the man who has been
alluded to ns tho "llttlo dentist," and "tho
royal tooth-puller," hut forty years ago
thero was probably no other American In
Europo on such familiar terms with tho
majority of its sovereigns. Pnrt of this high
rcgnrd In which Doctor Evans was held by
monnrchs undoubtedly was duo to his high
professional ability, but that alono nover
would havo given him such confidential re
lations with royalty. The secret wns his
personal qualities as a gonial and educated
gentleman. Ho novor overstepped the line
convention placed between himself and his
royal friends. At tho same tlmo ho never
ceased to bo an American, and could stand
upon his dignity when occasion demnnded.
E HAD to do this onco with the Emperor
of Russia, Nicholas I. Tho Incident
occurred during tho early years of Doctor
Evans' rcsldcnco In Europe. Alrcudy he had
been called professionally by tho French
Emperor and his family, and by Queen Vic
toria und her royal children, cousins' and
aunts. Consequently his famo had reached
tho Czar.
Ono summer holiday took him to St.
Petersburg. Llko other travelers having no
friends in tho capital ho went to a hotel.
His presence In St. Petersburg, however, wus
soon known to Nicholas, who Bent an equerry
to Doctor Evuns, commanding him to wait
upon tho Czar and cxamlno him profes
sionally. If Doctor Evans had been ns' "llttlo" as
?omo persons have accredited him, ho would
havo called a cab nnd been driven direct to
ho palace. But he did nothing of tho kind.
Ho was pleasant enough about It, but ho
gavo tho C2ar's equerry to understand that
io was nn American, visiting St. Petersburg
n his vacation, and that, not being a Rus
sian subject, ho respectfully declined to obey
tho Czar's orders.
THAT equerry's faco must have been a
study of blank astonishment, If not hor
or, when ho received tho message. How
ho ever got courage enough to convoy It to
his Imperial master will never bo known,
but that ho did do so was evident from what
In a short tlmo the equerry was back
again with a cordially worded invitation to
Doctor Evans to call at tho palace. The
American accepted tho Invitation, and an
appol-Unent was arranged. Doctor Evans
visited tho Czar of all the Russlus at tho
appointed hour, and found him a very
charming man. Thoy got on together most
agreeably, and until his death Nicholas I
numbered the American dentist umong his
DOCTOR EVANS Studied dentistry in his
nntlvo city at a tlmo when tho science
had still a long way to go to attain perfec
tion. Yet even then Philadelphia dentists
wero among the foremost In tho world, and
tho city wns ronowned as tho homo of this
branch of surgery. After studying with Dr.
John D. White, who was a prominent dentist
here, Doctor Evans took a course at tho
'Jofterson Medical College, and when ho left
Philadelphia to practlco In Maryland was a
good practitioner. Ho did not remain In
Maryland long, but removed to Lancaster,
where ho obtained his first recognition ns a
dentist above the average. About 1816 ho
went to Paris and became tho assistant to
Doctor Webster, tho only American dentist
then In Europe. Ho succeeded Webster, nnd
being an exceedingly skilful and learned man
In his profession was soon on tho way to
fame. He becamo tho "surgeon dental" to
Napoleon III and his family, and probably
wns on ns Intimate terms with that unfortu
nnto monarch as any foreigner over was.
Doctor Evans was trusted by his royal
clients, who regarded him as an ngroeablo
companion. His learning, combined with his
strong, American good sense, mado the
friendships lasting.
THE Civil "War In this country brought
forth tho first attempt to attack In a sci
entific manner tho problem of the sick and
wounded which confronts combatants In
every war. Before hostilities hud continued
two months the Medical Bureau of the
United States army found Itself unequal to
tho task. A sanitary commission of volun
teers was1 organized In June of that year,
and through this agency camps und hospitals
were placed on as good sanitary footing ns
tho sclenco of sanitation could then achieve.
The work of the medical side of tho Civil
War attracted the attention of all Europe.
But very llttlo was known of tho methods
practiced here. Doctor Evans studied tho
subject, purchased supplies of every kind,
Including ambulances, and had models of tho
Philadelphia military hospitals constructed,
and then went back to Paris to write a book
describing tho work that was1 being done
here. This volume he sent to nil his royal
friends, and from that book nnd Doctor
Evans' collection of Illustrative objects, Eu
rope received Its first lesson In taking proper
care of the soldiers In the field. Tho book
also was quoted at tho Geneva Convention
at which tho Red Cross was established.
Of course, the sanitary work, even In this
country, has been vastly Improved in the last
half century. A wounded soldier now has
a chance, but time was when It wag a miracle
if he survived hospital treatment.
The Deal Coppered
From the St. raul 1'loneer I'rew.
Virginia has gone dry. This will undoubtedly
bring great rejoicing to the liquor Interests. For
la it not their contention that prohibition does
not prohibit and that more liquor Is consumed
In prohibition territory than In wet?
Loudly a mother was proclaiming the vlr.
tues of her son.
"His manners," she said, "are perfect. He
is never at loss to know what to do or when
to do It. His conduct never falls to win the
most flattering comment wherever he goes
And the best part of It all is that his excel
lent deportment is Instinctive. It has not
been necessary for me to teach him a thine
It is absolutely Inherent." "
Somehow. I could not help but reflectlnn on
two pictures: The one of a ma.i of Inborn
chivalry and fine manners, the other of a
man reflecting somewhat of the primitive in
his make-up. and yet by noble effort suDDress.
Ing it with that which he had worked hard
to acquire. u
I doubted not which young man would eiva
a proud, mother the greater reason for her
pride. iLnust be In the very order of things
to make that possession mors vainii ......'N
fought, when repelling Instincts have bn
constantly In leash.
It should never be considered n. handicap
to bo born without n desirable attribute- Of
character or personal ability, Tho "natural
born salesman," tho "bom orator" much of
tins is vaunted nnd prated rar oeyona iw
true worth. Actual, every-day life refuses to
bear out tho "natural-born" theory.
Work hard for a thing and you'll malce
more out of It when you acqulro it than will
tho follow who had It "born in him."
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subjects Important lo City,
State and Nation.
To ihe JMKor of the Vvcntng Ledger!
Sir My good friend Dr. David McConaughy
Is quoted by tho Evenino Ledger, of yesterday
(September 29) as saying! "Tho Kaiser must bo
scotched for the future preservation of the
world's peace. He personifies militarism, and
militarism must bo eliminated from tho world
at whatever cost." It is because I agrco with my
frlond that militarism n.ust bo eliminated that
I havo taken up my pen. Wo have come to think
of militarism ns armylsm, nnd havo forgotten
entirely that militarism spoils navylsm as wall.
Certain countries because of their land-locked
condition, havo developed armylsm, and certain
other countries because of their sca-lockcd con
dition havo developed navylsm. Both are
equally reprehensible.
Tho lnnguago of my friend bus boon somewhat
amusing to mo because of Its delightful Incon
sistency. Ho Is quoted as saying "Tho Knlser
must bo scotched." I havo looked up the word
"scotched" In my now dicConary nnd find that
It means "to cut with shallow Incisions, scratch
or scdic, chip, hack. Henco to wound slightly;
cripple." Scotching Is, of course, to bo pre
ferred to slaughtering, nnd may be a necessary
step In our emergence from militarism, but It is
militarism nevertheless.
As n citizen of tho United States I stand with
tho President for nbsoluto neutrality and a
suspension of nil Judgment until wo shall know
tho facts. E. P. PPATTEICHER.
Philadelphia, October 1, 11)14.
7o the l.'dttor of the Evening Ledger!
Sir That tho English say our progress Is dus
to tho wonderful resources of our country Is
very true, for If tho United States would bo
boycotted by nil nations It would still 'thrive
an -amazing fact that no other nation can
boast of.
When Germany says It Is tho remarkable com
mercial Instinct of the people, It Is nlso true, as
has been proven by our largo trade with for
eign countries.
As tho Frenchmen declnro It Is our astonish
ing Inventiveness, can readily bo seen by tho
largo number of patents llled annually at Wash
ington, D. C, nnd Ferrcro's statement that It
is our idealism, Is about the best answer avall
ablo of tho fcur.
Hut what causes most of theso Important
features? Striking nt tho source, I think It is
our Government.
What nation can boast of a Government as
great ns ours? None.
Had we a monarchy and were we ruled by a
fanatic (as Herbert Quick terms the rulers of
tho nations that caused this great European
war), tho chances aro that our resources would
remain undeveloped, our commercial Instinct
would not be ns great unci so with our Invent
iveness. As for our idealism, It would bo noth
ing to boast of.
Our Government hns gono a long ways to
ward making our nation great. It hns sent out
many surveying expeditions to determine the
value of Its resouices; It has caused a great
many educational Institutions to bo built all
over Its dominions, that tho poor and rich allko
may gain in intelligence and thus cultivating
tho commercial lifcitlnct of tho people. It has
nlso greatly encouraged tho Inventiveness of its
citizens by offering flattering rewards for certain
Inventions, or In reitnln cases, compelled by
law big corporations to install safety devices,
thus looking nfter tho welfare of its people, as
well as itidiiectly a larger field of Inventions.
It hns always been htrlvlng for idealism,
backed by tho people.
Our ovcGrnment Is great because It serves tho
people, which Is ndvorso with a monarchy. It
nns tiic greatest system and tho best laws on
Could any other nation construct a Govern
ment as ours, with such a resolution In their
constitution, "that the Government of tho poo
pic, by the people, for the pooplo shall not
perish from earth," they might accomplish as
The greatness of our Government can be at-
iriuuiuu to ino noovo resolution, which has al
world of meaning, but the moist Important onos
that It spells nro: Liberty and Justice to every '
ono, proving mo on-quoted saying that "Amer
ica Is another word for opportunity."
11 West Wisconsin street, Indianapolis, Ind.
To the Kditor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I want to protest most forcibly against a
practlco In certain of our "movie" theatres.
Tho other night I paid ten cents for a ticket to
ono of theso, after reading a sign that said,
"10i Reserved Scat. Mc." When I got Inside
I found that tho whole of tho floor was re
served tdr JO.cent patrons, while thoao who had
paid only a dime (on tho Implication that they
would get some sort of seat. If not a reserved
one) were herded Into a very small standing
room spaco fiom which they could see almost
nothing. Naturally tho bulk of us "coUKhed
up" another dime to a second box ofllce ready
waiting inside, and got ono of the "reserved"
It teems to me that public signs should be
as nmenablo to honesty and truth as the labels
on drugs and canned rood.
Philadelphia, October 1, 1911.
To ihe Editor o the Evening Ledger;
Sir I want to compliment you on your nev
paper cauea too kvrnino i.EiaEn, as I think
is tho best paper printed.
I would like very much If you would print!
the "Songs of Seven;" also the poem called
"wiviucu. h. u, a.
Ablngton, Pa., October I, 19H,
To the Editor 6 the Eiening Ledger!
Sir I wished you to pilnt, not my suggestion,
but tho list of gang hirelings. Or do you fear
It might hurt their feelings?
Philadelphia, October 2, 1911.
People who aro looking for a fight usually find
one. The reply of various Colorado mining
companies to the President's suggestion of a
truco is that of men who evidently prefer war
to peace. New York World. r
It Is becoming more and more apparent th-it
if President Wilson is to be a candidate for m'
election ho will have to make his fight without
J,1.'U.nU,S5Ut?,n-e J tl10 osresslve Party. If the
disintegration of tho Progressive party contin-
Ue8 ? H'., pres''nt rate l be only a mem'
ory in 1316-Sprlnsfleld tMass.j Union.
A few weeks ago the country was tnM h.
under the WlUon administration, and particS
any because of Mr Bryan, our diplomatic serv
ice had beeu ruined. There aro still manufacl
turea ktur m to the same effect, but they ";
Journal3"11 tUrU'r b6lwn.-Portland fore J
Flay,"5 P'dent Wilson's antl-truit bill
in an ull-day spoch In the United States ?,,
ate. Reed, of MUsouri. taid the bll wa, not
harsh enough! That old, old trick" Th iin
old triuk of hln -.,..,..: . 'ric!V. "" old.
excuse tht T.,V 2:.V'". "?a 'iS on the
ernment purchase of ihlnVin .i.i oH
ure. adroltt'ns that t ,.. :". "r.V."Mrr measH
to ranfc , vrW.-Vlrr '
1 "fftclent v?
the coi1
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uea or hU
the Junior United Bute. Sena o"' from Mi,?0?
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