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THE OAiy OH 5 TO Af7V
THROUGH TH CPr(S? 7HD
i RUSSIANS SWEPT
I BACK ON WARSAW,
! BERLIN DECLARES
Kaiser Master of South
western Poland Czar's
Troops Flee From Galicia
and Abandon Przemysl
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j BEHU.V. Oct. 13.
The Husfllnns nr- retreating from
Gallcln to the north sM of tho Vistula.
I pursued by the Austrlana and Germans,
; according to a dispatch from Vienna
j -which has reached here. In the Southern
end they occupy only Warsaw.
: That the German armies nro mast
J of all of Russian Toland west of the
5 Vistula lllver Is the declaration made in
; an oWcIk! statement IssUh nt the War
; Offlcfl shortly after midnight. The state.
J ment admits that th Germans lost a
J little ground In Husstan territory poar
I the Kast rni3slan frontier, but dclare
' this Is of no consequence, as they had
never planned to occupy tho Government
S of Suwalkl.
i (The territory that the OermanB say
they have conquered west of the Vistula
may bo roughly estimated at "100 squarv
! miles- It contains a number of Important
J manufacturing towns.)
5 The oltlclal etatoment follows:
1 "After their expulsion from East Prus.
sla, the Itusslan armies wore pursued
across the frontier The centr of Oer
: man military operationu Is now Poland.
j The whole ot Poland west of the Vistula
; Is now In possession of the Germans. The
J Russians occupy only Warsaw."
If Poland, west of the Vistula, has been
; cleared of Russian troops, the Indlcu-
t tions are that the portion of tho Czar's
2 army which has been proceeding asalnst
J Cracow will have to retreat, or else face
5 the possibility of the Germans cutting orf
I their lines of communication.
I In Oallcla many towns held a few days
j ago by the Russians have been reoc.
j cupled by the Austnans.
f Triemysl, according to the cons5us of
dispatches, nas ueen relieved hy the a 'J.
vanclng Austro-Geiman forces.
TUB HAGUE. Oct. 13.
The following ofllclal communication has
been Issued by the Austrian Legation
"The rapid advance of the Austro-Hun-garlan
troops along the River San re
sulted on October 11 In the entire with.
drawal of the Russian investing force
from Prremysl. which was Immediately
occupied by Austrian relief troops.
'The retreating Russians wre every-
j where strongly attacked. An attempt on
their part to cross the river near
! Hjencawa and I.ciajsk gave tbe Autro
llungarlan troops an opportunity to make
a large numbr of prisoners. Thse, as
yet. bare not ben counted."
QEHKAKS FREE RUSSIANS
BKRllN. Oct 13. -Trough tbe Interven
tion of King Gustaf V of Sweden 13t
lluwaos wbo have been detained In Ger
wy tec tbe outbreak of the war
hav t-- rcieued. ;
v. -i -.saBH .YiOMifctiSivJiyrjaiW" ' ii.a ta Ji?yLinv5JLiJi jjwi;ii t-i?v',TAi(
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TYPCT71 LG!A ?L'&5
FRENCH EMBASSY HEARS
OF VICTORIES NEAR LYS
Decisive Gnins at St. Mihiel Also
WASHINGTON'. Oct. 13.-N'ews of
Krenrh victories over the Germnn cuv-
alry north of tho River l.ys. toilay was
received at th Krench Embassy. The
"The 4th corps of German Cavalry has
been thrown back to tho north of the
l.ys toward Armentleres Two other
corps were stopped between the l.ys and
the t'unnl I.a Unseo at noon.
"Hefore I j He. which Is occupied by our
troops, there worn no Germans, other
than those in the vicinity of Lllle-Scclln.
Carvin and Doual.
"Royc l. still occupied by the enemy.
"On the lit Ii we decisively repulsed
the German attacks on lit sire, four kilo
metres oiithwest nt St. Mthlel."
BOTH SIDES MASS
FOR FIERCE FIGHT
ON BELGIAN FIELD
Reinforcements Hurried to
Allies and Germans for
Next Important Engage
ment Across French Line.
PARIS. Oct 13.
General d'Amade, commanding tho
French foiws on the extreme left, has
been sent reinforcements In the belief
that the next big general conflict of the
war will bo etaged on Ilelglan aoll. Tho
Allied forces In this theatr of the war
are sail to be well situated. Cijvslry en
counters continue without cessation-
The lehabllltated J'rench aeronautical
division is showing unusual activity In
serial patrol work In guarding against
repetition of the German hombdropping
avr Parte during the last two days.
W1NDON', Oct. J3.
"Information gleaned from the Dutch
Press and from travelers jn Germany and
other sources point to tho conclusion that
during th last ten days th German
armies In France have been heavily re
inforced," jays the Times.
"There has beeen v steady How of
trains to the western front, mainly
thmugh Alx-la-Cbappelle and some ten
or more landwehr and Undsturm divi
sions must now be added to the estimates
of the number of German troops acting
In Relglum and France.
"By one expedient or another tbe Ger
mans have, contrived to mass between
(0 and SO divisions in the west If v,t ad-J
the marine fusileers armv n.i th .-
I air divisions, the aggregate German
I force in th western theatre of war may
i total 1, 500,000."
EVENING LEDGERPHILADELPHIA, TITEBDAY OOTOBEH
IS THE FATE OF THE BLOOD-STAINED COUNTRIES OF EUROPE
r4tJ'Y'Xri . ssAJfTi, r
AT AIRSHIPS' DUEL
6000 FEET IN AIR
French Monoplane Combats
Two German Machines,
Driving One Back and
Sending Other to Ground.
PARIS, Oct. 13.
An aerial victory for the Krench. fought
thousands of feet in tho air, In the pres
ence of troops of lioth armies, Is re
ported by Lieutenant de Lalns, of the
French Aerial Corps. The air duel was
one of the most thrilling since the war
began. Lieutenant de Lalns' nccount of
thp combat follows:
"I had bfen ordered to fly over the
German lines with an observer, who was
to drop pamphlets. TIw-sb pamphlets con
tained the following inscription: 'German
soldiers, attention. German ofllcers say
that the French maltreat prisoners. This
Is a He. German prisoners aro as well
treated as unfortunate adversaries should
"Wo had no sooner taken wing than
the aeroplane was sighted by German
observers in captlvo balloons anchored
about alx miles distant. Immediately two
Albatross machines roso from tho Ger
man camp and came forward.
"We continued to advance, meanwhile
sending the aeroplane higher and higher
until tho barograph showed we were
(f.00 feet above the ground. Our machine
wat. spctdier than tho German aeroplane,
which was constructed of steel und was
so heavy It coud not work up the speed
of the French army monoplane.
"We were able to get over thu German
lines and my companion began hurling
thousands of the pamphlets lit every di
rection. It was like a snowstorm.
"In the meantime the German artillery
got their long-range anti-air gun in action
and were hurling volley after volley
against us. Tho shells were of special
type, designed to create violent air waves
when they buret. We were too high to be
reached, but e had to turn our attention
to the two areoplanes which were rush
ing toward us. As they approached the
German artillery tire stopped. We were
too high to distinguish what was going on
beneath us. but I could imagine the thou,
sands of soldiers staring skyward In won
der at the strange spectacle above them
b kvpt swinging in wide circles over
the Ociman lines, and I kept getting
higher and higher in order to out
maneuver ths German plane and to pre
vent It from getting above us so that
bomb could be thrown at us.
"The machines were all equipped with
rapld-Hre guns, and when we ;ot within
WO yards of each other both slues opened
tire. The bullets went wide. I'lnally o
began to swing backward, getting lower
and lower One of the German machines
waa thus lured over the French lines and
our land artillery ooened nrainxt it- (in.
of tbe wings was shattered and It dwpued
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0RDG f&tfOSf TH FIV
TOWARD ENGLISH CHANNEL
Conttminl frntn 1'njte Oiir
dents thcmsclvcH nro leaving for Eng
land In Inrgo numbers," said a dispatch
from Ostond to the Mull.
"No ofllclal news of the fi.ll of Ant
GERMANS CAPTURE LILLE,
FRANCE OFFICIALLY STATES
PARIS, Oct. 13.
Lille has been captured by the Ger
mans. This Is the outstanding feature
of nn ofllclal statement Issued here this
nfternoon after the usual hour. The
fighting has centred about Lille for
nearly two weeks. Tho admission by
tho French that It 1ms been lost Indi
cates that tho Germans are gaining
In their counter-llanltlng movement
against tho Allies' left wing and that
tho Kaiser's troops now will sweep
quickly to the coast.
The capture of Llllo was effected by
u German urmy corps, says tho official
statement. A German corps numbers
40,000 men. It Is stated that the French
force In the city consisted ot only a
detachment of Territorials.
To offset the loss of Lille, the French
state they have gained ground between
Arras and Albert, southwest of Lille,
und also nt tho centre of tho buttle
front In the region of Berry-nu-Rac.
The complete official statement fol
lows On our loft wing, our forces havn
retaken tho offenslvo In the regions
of Hnzenbrock nnd Rethuno ngatnst
some forces of the enemy composed
for tho greater part of cavalry com
ing from tho front along the lino
of Rallleul, F.staircs nnd La Rasscc.
Tho city of Lille, held by a de
tachment of Territorials, has been
attacked anil occupied by a corps
of tho German army.
Hetween Arras and Albert we
havo made some marked progress.
At tho centre we havo made equal
progress In tho region of Rnrry-Au
Rao and havo advanced slightly to
ward Sotialn. to the east of tho
Argonne and to tho north of .Mulan
court, hetween tho Argonne and tho
On tho right bank of tho Meuso
our troops, who hold the heights of ,
tho Mouse to tho east of Verdun,
havo advanced to tho bouth of tlio
mail from Verdun to Met. In tlio
region of Aprembnt wo have gained
a little ground on our right nnd
havo repulsed a German attack, on
On our right win (Vosgea and AN
sace) there Is no change.
Summing up. yesterduy was
marked hy an appreciable progress
hy our forces at divers points.
Jn a letter of yesterday General
Joffro recommends that tho cross of
the Legion of Honor he conferred
on the flag of the J.th f'olonlal
Regiment for having taken from the
enemy a flag under the following
On September ?5. at 5 o'clock In
the morning, the Germans succeed
ed In taking tho trenches occupied
by n battalion of the Jlth Colonial
Regiment. The UGth and U'Oth
companies of that regiment made a
counter attack In their turn. They
forced one company to yield, which
was made prisoner, and In ransack
ing the trench discovered the flag
of the 16th. Regiment of the German
The fighting is getting nearer and
nearer to the English Channel littoral
as the German cavalry Is pushed for
ward In advance of the Infantry and
?. y' ssft-'"
- ( V-S .
CLfPCV BLOWH -P IV1
werp lias been published, and It Is not
expected thnt any announcement on
that subject will be made. The Gov
ernment Is doing Its utmost to meet the
problems facing It here."
field artillery. It undoubtedly la one
object of German strategy to establish
a line from tho channel coast south
ward, thus cutting off the French, Brit
ish and Belgian troops in Bolglum
from the main force of Allies in
Furious fighting Is going on along
tho Verdun-Totil line, where tho In
vaders are struggling to make a
breach. JIuny military experts regard
Verdun as the key to the situation.
There have now been 31 days of fight
ing. Tho battle lino has been still fur
ther extended. If tho lighting in Bel
glum Is considered a part of the gen
eral engagement, tho battle front Is
now approximately 30 miles long.
Almost every unofficial message from
tho front dwolls on the fierceness of tho
lighting around Arras last week. Lens,
which is less than ten miles from Arras,
changed hands three times In two
The vlllago of Vlllieres-nux-Vents,
near Verdun, which has been tho scene
of bloody lighting, Is a heap of smok
ing ruins. Th French commander
thero sends an Interesting sidelight.
From the headquarters of the German
Crown Prince, he says, an elaborate
trench five feet deep nnd 100 feet long
has been dug to a neighboring forest.
This has been lined with straw, and
is Intended as a means of escapo for
tho Crown Prince and his staff.
AGAIN IS SHIFTED
TO ESCAPE ENEMY
Temporary Quarters Pro
vided at Havre for Dis
tressed Government King
Albert Remains With
UORDKAUX, Oct 13.
Ofllclal announcement was made today
that the Belgian Government would be
transferred from Ostend, which Is men
aeed by the Germans, to Havre, France-
Some members of the Cabinet of King
Albert havo already arrived at Havre,
where temporary quarters have been pro
vided b the French Government for
their use. It is understood King Albert
will remain with his array.
This announcement Indicates that the
Allies have little hope of being able to
keep Ostend out of the Germans' hands.
Tho announcement of tho flight of the
Belgian Government to Havre, after belnc
successively driven from Brussels and
Antwerp, is explained thus:
"Tht Belgian Government desires full
liberty of action, and for that reason It
was decided that it should come to
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T?VN OZH?PYNS IYOUM0 iVJS CAXPSSAffS
CZAR'S FORCES WIN
TWO VICTORIES IN
Austro-Germans Are Routed
Near Sandomierz and
Pushed Back in Fierce Bat
tle on River San.
PKTROGRAD, Oct. 13.
The General Staff, announced today tho
defeat of tho AiiHtro-German forces In
Galicia near the River San. Tho exact
location was withheld In accordance with
the now policy of secrecy regarding this
campaign. It was declared, however, that
the enemy suffered greatly, losing a num
ber of guns nnd many transport wagons.
The attack was begun by cavalry charges
on either (lank, supported by Infantry nnd
nrtlllery to tho centre.
Defent of the Austro-Gcrman army ad
vancing on Sandomierz, a town of Rus
sian Poland on the Vistula about 00 miles
northeast of Cracow, Is announced In a
statement Issued by the Government
News Bureau today. It declnres that the
Germans lost nn entire division. Whllo
the statement does not give tho exact
location of the battle, it Is believed to
have occurred south of tho Vistula In
(This apparently confirms the statement
Issued at Vienna that the Austrian army
had taken the offensive cast of Cracow).
"Tho Russian advance column." bays
tho statement, "delivered nnother defent
on the Austro-Gcrman army ndvanclng
on Sandomierz. The Russian cavalry
took the offensive before tho Germans
had taken ndvantngous positions. Cos
sacks swept down on the flanks of the
enemy and captured some guns.
"When the Germans retreated they had
lost one entire division with Its equip-
ment. ( A German division numbers 20,
"In Poland, the Germans tiro being
drawn Into a position wlicro their heavy
cavalry nrtlllery, and sometimes, com
plete divisions of foot artillery, are
placed In such positions that they bave
to accept battlo where they tlnd their
adversaries not only better fighters and
better shots, but also commanded by moro
"The scope of the present campaign
has fully Justified tho Russian strategy
In that in the Province of Kielce anil
along the banks of tho Wark. tho Ger
mans will havo to suffer such slaughter
that tho Russians can advance in full
force on the banks of tho Oder before
the opening of the winter campaign."
It Is stated at tho War Ofllco that ro
ports from tho front show the Germans
are short of clothing and that their com
manders havo ordered that the dead bo
..unci uiny in wieir sniria. tlio uniforms
i.i,. i,r.i . - i
oeini, Kept to supply new
Walnut at Thirteenth St,
"' -ft s,.,s.j
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jbtOfyb, -if ""
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SISTER SHIP EXACTS
QUICK REVENGE FOR
SINKING OF PALLADA
Disaster to Russian Cruiser in
Baltic Followed by Crip
pling of German Subma
rine. PKTROGRAD, Oct. 13.
Tho belief persisted here In ofllclal cir
cles today that at least one of the raiding
German submarines responsible for the
sinking Sunday of the Russian cruiser
Palluda In the Baltic Sea had been dis
abled. The N'avnl Ofllco had only bare details
of tlio I'allada's torpedoing. The exact
location was not ascertainable. At least
173 all aboard the 1'allnda wont down
with the ship.
Tho cruiser Bnyitn, scouting with the
Palluda nt the time, Is behoved to havo
hit one of the submarines.
An official bulletin admits that the Rus
siun armored cruiser Pnllada was tor
pedoed Sunday In tho Baltic Sea by a
German submnrlne, nnd sank with all
The text of tho bulletin follows;
"On October 10 German submarines were
sighted In tho Baltic Sen. The same day,
early In the morning, tho submarines at
tacked tho cruiser Admiral Slnkaroff,
which was searching a susnectcd bark
Hying tho commercial (lag of the Nether
lands. "A submarine of the enemy launched
sovoral torpedoes, which, luckily, missed
the matk nnd caused no damage what
soever to the cruiser.
"On October 11, at 2 o'clork In the
nfternoon, tho submarines of the enemy
again attacked our cruisers Bayan and
Pnllada, which were patrolling tho
"Although the cruisers opened a very
strong fire, ono of the submarines suc
ceeded lu launching torpedoes ngalnst
tho Pnllada, whereupon an explosion re
sulted and the cruiser sank with all her
The Pallada, Bayan and Admiral Maka
ro ff are sister ships, nil of IU feet
lengjli, 7i?.j tons displacement, with a
speed of 21 knots. The I'allada's arma
ment included two S-inch and eight ti-inch
guns lu the primary battery and 12
pounders and four 3-pounders In ad'litlon
to torpedo tubes.
NEWEST NOTES OF SCIENCE
Three out of every four German nons."
genarlans aro women.
Sheepskin is used as a substitute for
almost every other kind of lentber.
Tungsten deposits have been discovered
in Korea nnd mines are being developed.
An electric nmchlno that works auto
matically has been Invented for stulllnj
iiio.iiauan uovernincnt use3 niern.-
machinery to manufacture Bhoes for lis
To Philadelphians this hotel has come
to, mean the acme of comfort, refinement
Its convenient location is an added
And the excellence of our cuisine sug
gests the St, James as the one best
place to lunch, dine or for an after
"1ir .""I '" r fr'ttf-i'iiH,..!
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