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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, October 13, 1914, Night Extra, Image 7

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i BY ALLIES IN 1906,
Kaiser's Staff Declares Bel
gian Archives Show De
tails of Campaign Were
Arranged Eight Years Ago
BKRLIN, Oct. 13
As long ago as 1906 llngland and Bel
glum had worked out military and naval
plans In sase Germany should ever in
vade Belgium, according to a statement
given oat by the German General Head
quarters This statement Is based upon reports
found In the archives of the Belgian Gov
ernment nt Brussels.
Theso reports detail a plan by which
the English were to land an expeditionary
army In Belgium, which was to be fed
and transported In Belgium and to bo
nerved by Belgian spies nnd Interpreters.
The report of the German General
Hondquarttrs follows:
"German military authorities, search
ing the archives of Hie Belgian General
ritaff at Brussels, discovered a portfolio
Inscribed "KngllBh Intervention In Bet
glum,' which contains some Important
"One of these Is a report to tho. nel.
glan Minister of War, dated April 10, 1908,
which gives the result of detailed nego
tiations between the chlof of tho Belgian
General Stnrt and tho British Military
attache nt Brussels, IJeutenant Colonel
Bemardlston. This plan Is of English
origin and was sanctioned by Lieutenant
General Sir .Tames M. Grlerson, chief
of the British General Staff. It sets
forth the Btrength and formation and
designates landing places for an expe
ditionary force of KMX0OO men. It gives
the details of a plan for tho Belgian Gen
eral Staff to transport, feed and find
quarters for these men In Belgium, and
provides for Belgian Interpreters. Tho
landing places designated nro Dunkirk,
Calali and Boulogne.
Lleutcnnnt Colonel Bemardlston is
quoted as having remarked thaWfor tho
present Holland could not bo rellca upon.
"Another confidential communication
declares that the British Government,
nftor the destruction of tho German navy
would send supplies and provisions l.v
way of Antwerp. There Is also tho sug
gestion from the English military nttache
that a Belgian system of espionage should
be organized In tho Prussian Rhlneland.
"A second document Id a map showing
the strategical positions of the French
army and demonstrating the existence of
a Tranco-Bolglmi agreement, nnd a third
Is a report from Baron Grelndl.'the Bel
gian Minister at Berlin, to tho Belgian
Foreign Office, dated December 23, 1911."
PARIS, Oct 13.
Roland do Mires, editor of L'lndepend
ence Beige, who Is In Tarls, writing in
tho Temps, dpnlcs absolutely tho respon
sibility of King Albert of the Belgians
for tho present war. Tho Frankfurter
Jleltung charged that King Albert was
won over for tho ambitions of France and
"It Is false," M. do Maros writes, "that
King Albert began negotiations with Eng
land Tho opinion was current that In
case of nn invasion Belgium could no
longer expect aid fiom England, although
it obtained aid In 1870. This fact was
used as nn argument by those favoring
thn recent augmentation of tho Belgian
army. It is false that King Albert at
tho ond of July and bofore war vas de
clared, secrotly asked the King of Eng
land for protection, slnco at that moment
tho King was certain that Germany
would respect Belgian neutrality.
"It Is falso that the King of tho Bel
gians proposed to form a group of neu
tral States In crntrnl Europe."
Action Toward Belgium History's
Greatest Crime, Lord Curzon States.
y LONDON, Oct. 13.
Lord Curzon of Kedleston. formerly
Viceroy of India, addressing tho masters
nnd boys at Harrow School last evening,
"Germany's action toward Belgium Is
tho greatest crime In history. Tho Ger
man Emperor's name will go down to
posterity as 'William tho Bloodstained'
and 'William tho Assassin.' "
Regarding th duration of the war. Lord
Cuizon expressed the opinion that "more
than one Chilatmas would pass before
the soldiers returned home."
"Germany has taken Antwerp to for
tify It, to keep it, to make a great naval
port of It, to use It as a great Jumping
off place for h r future attempts upon
this country. It is no temporary occupa
tion unless wo mako it. so "
Lord Kurzon added that by fortifying
Antwerp Germany would obtain a grip
on the whole of Belgium, make Holland
play her will and then settle down to her
main object tho destruction of this coun
try. He said England was In for a long
war and declared he was shocked that
some people should think the hostilities
would bo over by Christmas,
In closing he advised his hearers not to
begin to divide up the German empire
"before you have got hold of it."
Populace "Warned to Seek Refuge in
LONDON. Oct JS. A proclamation was
posted by the Mayor of Gravesend, the
gate of London, warning people what to
do In the cent of a raid by Zeppelins.
"The only notice which will be given
of tho arrival of hostile air craft In
the Thames or Medway," says the procla
mation, "will be the firing of guns from
the defenses.
"Persons seeking to gratify their curl
osltl will do so at their own risk. When
tiring is heard tho people should imme
diately take shelter In the lower rooms
or cellars of their buildings."
It is believed that the object of the
German .Unships may not be London
to much as Woolwich, where Is the great
Brltlth arsenal.
Armistice for Two Hours to Bury
German and Japanese Dead.
TOKIO, Oct .
Sanguinary fighting has been in prog
ress at Tslng-Tao for 48 hours between
the Anglo-Japanese forces attacking the
f oi tress and the Germans defending It
the War Ofllce announces An armistice
of two hours was declared today for
the removal and burial of the dead.
Emperor Yoshihlto has sent a message
to the Japanese military and naval com
manders ordering them to make special
efforts to prevent the death of non-
combatants In the fortified zone. The
Mikado also congratulated the command'
r on the success of their operations.
The following Is from n letter written
on Sundaj, August M by Otho Bromfleld,
of the Signal Section (Territorials), Royal
'I'm doing and going as I'm told, not
worrying, but taking things as they
come. I've slept In barns, wool stores,
cinemas, casinos, dneV aliens, anil for a bit
had the stars as n. counterpane. Tho
fighting has been very fierce and close
AW aro outnumbered, sometimes 10,000 to
2000, but our boys stick to them Tho
Maxims have cut them down like corn,
ahd vv hen vv o charged with llxtd bayonets
run like rats. They will get no quarter
from our 'mob.' Their dead were so thick
that their reinforcements couldn't ndvanco
over the lop, Of course, we lost, too."
Fred Wilson, of the 5th Royal Irish
Lancers, who was wounded at Mons and
reached Leeds Invalided, says he has seen
tho Germans bayonet British wounded
as they camo across the field, and force
women and children In front of them
as tlioy passed our guns. He reckons
nothing of tho fighting powers of tho
Germans. "They are," he bivs, "simply
whining, howling cowards. They were
fairly peppered In five charges, and when
their cavalry saw us coming (hey whined
like dogs Our blood was up after wit
nessing their tcrrlblo atrocities " The
British soldiers, he odds, sing and Jest
whllo bullets are dying thick and fast.
William Henry Farrol, a reservist, of
the Hoynl Warwickshire Regiment, who
waH wounded In tho battlo at Mons, says
he had not been long In the field hos
pltal, where there were between 200 nnd
300 wounded soldiers, before the order
camo for all men who could walk to
clear out at once, as tho Germans worn
firing on the hospital, and he had not
been out an hour before It was completely
blown up, and many officers and men
must have perished.
Detectives and Police Guard
Docks as 400 Heavy Motor
Vehicles Are Put on Board
NEW YORK, Oct 13.
Now Yorkers may have not noted the
fact last night, but every now and then
down Sth nvenue, 5th avenuo and other
asphalted streets accessible) to the East
Rlvor bridges rolled peculiar-looking
motor trucks.
These trucks Anally under their own
power brought up at tho Fabre Line pier
nt tho foot of 3lst street. South Brook
lyn. There on the pier thoy Joined other
motor trucks, not ono or two or a dozen,
but about 300 of them, ranging from one
ton and a half to Ave tons and every
once In a while a truck would swing
around, strike a track and move for
ward, where It was In reach of the der
rick of a big crane. Then tho crane would
lift the truck, no matter what Its weight,
high In the nlr and landing It on the deck
or In the hold of the Barker liner Surugn,
Just out of tho Far East and duo to sail
Saturday, whither no one seemed to
New York policemen yesterday after
noon for some reason prevented nonde
script citizens from approaching the pier.
No ono seemed to know why the police
men were there except to preserve order,
but later last night they had gone away
and only private detectives wore to bo
These men seemed to think that some
foreign country had ordered a lot of
farm wagons. They knew nothing
further. Then as Packard motors, Gar
ford motors and motors of other makes
rolled in they said they had other things
to do than to answer questions.
It has been announced already that the
Packard "ompany, with the White, the
Plerce-i.riow and three other companies
liavo contracted to sell 1760 motor trucks
to France and England for y,000.000. To
this list has been added the Ga.'ford
Company, which is said to be shipping
all the way from 150 to 300 nve-ton trucks
to Russia.
None of the trucks which Jammed tho
big pier last night aro designed for fight
ing, but they can be utilized for carrying
supplies, or, at a pinch, for transporting
men Their cost Is said to be $4300 each.
The Suruga files tho British flag Men
of her crew at the pier last night said she
was going to start somewhere on Satur
day. They did not know where she was
going, but they believed a British war
ship was going to see her safely on her
way. They estimated that about 400
motor trucks, fully equipped and ready
for work, will fill her holds and crowd her
Emperor's Eyes "Phosphorescent
With Happiness," Says Derlin Artist.
ROME, Oct. 13
The famous Berlin painter, Vollbehr,
who has Just seen the Kaiser, says that
his Imperial Majesty is in the highest
spirits His pride In his valorous army
is so great that It shines through his eyes,
which are phosphorescent with happiness
The Mayor of Weimar says that the
Kaiser. In addressing his troops, said.
"My boya, the leaves are falling, but
we shall all return to our beloved homes "
Both the Kaiser and the German Chan
cellor, who Is accompanying him at the
front, are certain of victory. They spoke
about changing the map of Europe) after
the war.
Modern Society Dance Contest
at the
40th and Market Streets
Every Night This Week
Win One of the Silver Cups
Corner 38th and Market Streets
Beginners' and Dancers' Class
in the Modern Dances
Tuesday & Friday, $ 1 Per Month
Polite Assemblies, Mon. and Sat.
Grand Opening of
22 South 40th
Wednesday Evening, October 21
better than the aver penon coneult
Arm-Bruit, Chestnut St . 1113
Btrlctly private Itoioni In up-to-the-mlnuta
dances Classes taught anywhere.
Private Lessons 4 Classes Tsusht Anywhere.
Studio. ITS Uanhelm St. Fh . Gtn. 1688?
evening ledger Philadelphia; TtJEgBAY October
The spirit of tho French peasantry is
shown by tho following letter which n
sister wrote to her soldltr brother:
"Dear i;dward We have Just heard
that Charles and Lucien are dead and
Eugene mortally wounded. Louis and
Jian also arc dead. All of the brothers
Koso have disappeared. Mother Is crjlng,
but naVs you must go to avenge .lean, the
had of our family and tho holder of tho
Cross of the Legion of Honor You must
cam it now. Eight of us have been
killed. Do your duty."
An Incident humorous and yet gravely
significant occurred on the occasion of
the Kaiser's visit to fit. Petersburg be
foro the Iranco-nuslnn alliance. Sev
erai Cossack troops were drawn up for
Inspection by tho Kaiser. As he viewed
them he was attracted by a. beautiful
BWord carried by a Cossack officer. "May
I see It?" ho Inquired. "I know that
the swoids of tho Cossacks are excellent.
Is It nn heirloom?"
"Yes, your Majesty," replied tho of
ficer. "It Is a very old one."
The Knlser took thu swoid and rend
the engraving on It. Then, with a smile,
ho returned the sword. The engraving
"God give me opportunity to lead my
horso to drink from the Spree (tho .river
on which Berlin Is located)."
"I hope you will ho successful," said
the Kaiser, "and fully accomplish tho
desire of your ancestor."
This ofTlcer is now at tho head of ona
of the troops in Russia's first line.
Not only on tho battlefield Is the British
soldier showing his grit, as an Incident
related by a member of tho Royal Armv
Medical Corps, now Invalided home,
shows. Relating his experiences, ho says:
"It was wonderful how cheerful tho
wounded were. Ono poor fellow, who
had been shot In tho head and hit by a
shrapnel bullet In tho mouth and was
apparently dying, pointed out to mo nn
othcr man, badly wounded, remarking,
"That poor bloke Is going home; ho will
be homo before me."
Field Marshal French Re
ported to Have Said Pres
ent Engagement Will Be
Brief and Decisive.
PARIS, Oct. 13.
The line of battle now covers 100 miles.
It forms a letter z, beginning nlmost at
tho sea, passing north of Lille, running
south toward Complogne, ending near
Verdun. The axis has chanced. The
battle front is west nnd north
For three weeks the Germans have con
centrated their forces on tho west. Day
and night thoy have striven with might
and main to make a breach In the oppos
ing ranks. Tho heavy artillery and rides
havo rarely been silent. The French
have not merely recovered every foot of
ground lost in tho long series of actions
fought about Roye, but havo also de
veloped with astounding rapidity and suc
cess their advnnco toward the north.
To meet this ndvanco tho German
cavalry Is operating north of Lill, mov
ing westward. Its purpose Is to threaten
this exposed dank and mask another en
veloping movement. Theso familiar tac
tics are not likely to succeed. It Is no
secret that for some tlmo the Germans
havo been withdrawing mon from tho
Alsne In order to strengthen their right
wing, which constantly has been engaged.
When the advance began two dajs ngo
many of tho enemy's trenclips were found
to bo empty. They must have been aban
doned for several days, though the Ger
mans kept up tho appearance of un
diminished strength by continuous rlflo
fire, much noise and a dally concert. In
which the nccordlon was tho chief or
chestral Instrument.
This Is a trick the Jnpaneso often
played with success In Manchuria, but
the ruse served no useful purpose. Tho
allied armies on the Alsno were await
ing developments elsewhero and chose
their own time.
In the last few days the Allies' right
flank has been strongly relnfoiced to
meet tho new change of battle front
which we havo Imposed on the enem
ana not mo enemy on us.
The moment has now arrived for re
newed activity. On the south near Sols
sons the French began by getting a bat
tery into position that enabled them to
cutllade some Gorman trenches on the
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Observer's Sentiment Is
Wasted, as Rosebcd Con
tained Hidden Telephone
Connected With Head
quarters. Looking out of the windows of a Ger
man military train, when it stopped nt
Charterol ono morning, I saw a German
soldier bending over a flower bed on the
grounds of tho railway station, says an
Alx-la-Chapello correspondent of the New
York Sun He seemed to bo attentively
examining the flowers. As he knelt there
he frequently moved his hands gently
among the blossoms, as If he were caress
ing them.
"See," I said to one of my companions,
"there Is that beautiful German love of
flowers again. With the ruins of whole
streets of this town still smoking, this
private soldier finds time to ndmlro a
flower bed that lina escaped destruc
tion." Wo grow riulte sentimental about tho
matter. Suddenly the man ioso from
his knees nnd with him there enmo from
the flowors a telephone receiver and two
or three jnrds of tctcphono wire.
Straightening himself he put the re
ceiver to his car and spoke rapidly. We
could hear some of tho words. They ap
peared to bo a repetition or verification
of certain orders.
The flower bed and tho soldier were on
the left of the train. On tho right and
at a greater distance we saw the par
nllcl streets of unroofed houses. From
their cellars nnd shattered floors clouds
of smoke ioso lazily Into the sunshine.
As tho train was puling out with Its
burden of silent German wounded, of
dlsconsolato French and English pris
oners, and of fretted correspondents who
had been suavely assured that thoy were
"guests" of tho German army, tho sol
dier censed speaking nnd doftly replaced
tho telephone receiver and the wlro
among the flowers
The German system was woiklng.
In every Instance and everywhere It
appears to work that way. They havo
a place for everything, nnd they put
everything In Its place. This sistem
Is a curious combination of simple
household and ofllce routine, of craft
and of overwhelming prowess.
As for the stupendous phases of the
system, tho mind Is staggered by them.
These men, ou say to yourself, think
of the llttlo things and do the big
things. You take your stand on an emi
nence of the Belgian cotintrbldo which
affords you a noblo sweep of field and
skvllnc At your foot n long gray col
umn 13 moving across the plain. It
seems to stretch from horizon to hori
zon Half n mile to tho east a parallel
column Is rolling forward, a mile to
tho west you follow the route of a third
column from the clouds of dust that
hang over It There Is no music.
There are no flags. From the high
way Immediately below you rises the
clink of chain and harness, the cries of
drivers, tho rumble of metal pontoon
bridges, borne on huge motor trucks,
tho steady scuff, scuff of ten thousand
men who aro marching on an average of
30 kilometers a day and who frequently
mako a maximum of BO kilometers a
Happy That City Was Occupied
"Without Fighting."
ROTTERDAM, Oct. 13 -Tho Kaiser has
telegraphed to his aunt, the Grand
Duchess of Baden:
"Antwerp was occupied this afternoon
without fighting. God be thanked In
deepest humility for this glorious result
To Him be all honor."
rrovldes n charm of comfort ana
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Directly on the ocean front
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and proof from Ministers. Judces
Proclamation Announces
Victories in France, Bel
gium and Russia and Prom
ises Liberty to Poland.
nnrtljIN, Oct. 13 Lieutenant General
von Morten, on orders from the Knlser,
hns Ibsuecl the following proclamation, ac
cording to the Berliner Tafreblatt-
"To the people of the provinces of
Lomza nnd Wnrgaw
"The Huflfllnn Nnrew army has been
deitroyed. Over 100,000 soldier dnd tho
commanding generals of the 13th nnd 15th
Itusslnn Army Corps are prisoners of
vvnr S0O field pieces of heavy artillery nre
"The Russian Vllan nrmy, under Gen
erI Itpnnenknmpf, Is retreating toward
the enst. Tho Austrian armlci are vic
torious Tho French nnd the nngllsh
have been defented In France Uetglum
Is under a German administration
"I am coining as nn advance guard of
The Grand
I Store Opens 8:30 A. M.
"Success," said the old-time Josh BiMirags, "don't
consist in never making mistakes but in never making
the same mistake twice." Which seems to be perfectly
good sense.
It's especially good sense as applied to the matter of
the large woman's corsets. If a large woman makes a
mistake In choosing a corset to suit her once, she really
ought not to msfke it a second time, for the simple reason
that so many excellent corsets are to be had which are
designed expressly for her.
One is the L. JR. "Housekeeper's Comfort". It is
built in such a way as to give perfect freedom of action
and at the same time support the body. The material is
strong coutil, with double boning and extra heavy clasp.
In shape, this model is plenty good enough to have one's
best tailored suit fitted over it. Price, $3.
The L. R.
arms, and is
price is $1,50.
Another L. R. model for plump women who are
short is moderately high in the bust, and has a medium
length skirt. Price, $3.
18, loia.
further urmles and an your friend. I
upon you to surrender and aia me in
driving the Russian barbarians, who havo
conquered you, out of your bes.utlful
country that again shall hnvo Its political
and religious liberties."
The newspaper adds:
"The Poles are stked to Arise against
the Russian conqueror. A general revolu
tlon in Tolnnd Is expected."
One of Few Survivors of Busstan
Fleet In Conflict.
According to a Russian resident In Phil
adelphia, tho Pallada. was one of the
thrc warships which escaped to Vladivos
tok after the defeat of the Russian fleet
In th. Straits of Tsushima by Admiral
Togo In the decisive naval battle of the
Rtisso-Japnneso War Another was tho
Ilavan, which was ono of thrco armored
cruisers attacked by the German sub
marines Tho third v,as the Vnrlag,
which, after making Its escape from
Togo's warships, encountered a squadron
of three Japanese cruisers In the Sea of
Japan, nnd nftor a battle lasting several
hours, during which tho Varlag and Its
crew wrote one of the most heroic chap
ters In Russian naval history, went to
the bottom.
The Pallada Wan one of the few war
ships which returned from the Far Kait
after the vvnr and brought the tidings
of defeat and heroism Into the harbor
of Odessa.
Organ Plays Tomorrow at 9,
Foir Large W
'Housework" is cut very
strong, weia-shaped and
(Coraet Salon, Third Floor, Chestnut)
Urges Expulsion to Safeguard Coon
try Against Spies.
LONDON, Oct. IS. Notwithstanding th
reassuring statement, Issued by the) Brit
Ish Home Ofllce last Thursday to the ef
fect that tho spy system established by
Germany In Great Britain had been edm
pletely broken up, Admiral Lord Charles
Berosford (retired) Is convinced that It
still exists nnd constitutes a gmve men
ace to the safety of the country.
In n letter published today Lord Charles
calls upon his countrymen "to toko strong
action with regard to the crowd of alien
enemies In our midst." He Urges that
"meetings bo held In every town, and
that resolutions be rtdopted protesting
agnlnst the present stato of affairs and
sent to the Prime Minister,"
Six Surgeons find Twenty-four
Nurses Beach German Capitol, i
BCRLIN, Oct. li.
Tho American Red Cross expedition ar
rived hero yesterday.
It consists of six surgeons nnd 24
nurses. With thorn came 4" tons of
equipment. They all came on a spedlal
train from The Hague, where they ar
rived last Thuisday. Minister Van Dyke,
made tho arrangements for the special
Store Closes 5:30 P. M.
11 and 5:15
low under the
durable. The

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