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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, October 13, 1914, Night Extra, Image 8

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- C. W Ocht, SrtiT! John C. Martin, Trmnuren
Cimrles II, Llidlnston, Nilllp S. Collins, John D. Wit
Um. Director.
EDiTontAi noAnix
Circs If K. Ccrtis, Chalrmiin.
Ml. WIIALET Exfcullvn rMlter
TOnMd, MAtlTIN....
0nrnl Hunlncdii Maniurer
Published dully at Pcbuc I.trxini Building,
Indpndnce Square, rhtlartelphln.
t-CTOim Cemtiial,.., ,,,.,,, nrond nnd Chestnut PtrfMi
ATtlUTto Cur.. ....... Prras-Unlon ntilldlnit
Nw Yoillc, .,..... 170-A. Metropolitan Tower
Cnieiao,..,,,,. 817 Home Insurance Hulldlng
LoDOH.4.....,.,.8 Waterloo riace. Tall Mall. 8. W.
RAmtttsctn BtmRAt'...... The Tolrlof nulMlnir
WxaiftfBTnw nnnvtn., The Pnt ltulldlnv
Nrw Tonic ncxciD The Times llulldlnc
RxRMn Butj .,..,.. W Frlei!rlehtraen
LoHBOIf BrjnitAD..., 2 Tall Mall East. B. V.
ruts liDBUD,..,,,,, 32 Ilua I.ouls la Grand
stmsr.nipno.v terms
Br carrier, Dilxi Ojtr, elit cenM. By mill, rntPld
euttlde of Philadelphia, exeept where foreign potass
lm required, Daii-t Omlt, one month, twenty-five cents i
PAtXT Onm, one, year, three dollars All mall sutxcrlp
lions payable In advance.
nm, aooo walnut
KEiSTr main noon
Or Addremt nit cammnHtcnttrm to Evening
Ledger, Independence Square, Philadelphia.
MxniD at th riULAMtLrim rosTorrlCE ab second-
rniLADELrillA, TUESDAY, O0IOlU.lt 13, nit
Trying to Outflank Brumbaugh
10NG ngo his opponents realized that
J frontal attacks upon Doctor Brumbaugh
wore worso than useless the Doctor's rocoul
and platform were Invulnerable. Hence the
change in tactics "Brumbaugh an ally of
Penrose"; "Brumbaugh not clear on the
liquor Issue"; "Brumbnugh mortgaging hls
futtiro Intlcpcntlence for bos? Mipport",
"Brumbaugh academical." But tho Doctor
pushes serenely and sturdily forward alone,
asking no favors, making no clandestine al
liances, openly scorning tho bosses. Implicitly
trusting tho common sense and honor of the
people. He Is a new type In the politics of
our Commonwealth, nnd he will win by the
Bheer force of his sane, vigorous and unlin-
pcachnble personality.
Patient, Tubelcss Philadelphia
MANHATTAN starts work on two new
tunnels under the Hudson, while It
numbers 15 tubes beneath Its two rivers. Hut
what about Philadelphia and the Delaware?
The tremendous traiile toward Atlantic City
nnd across the Market street ferry goes on
In the antiquated, crowded old ways of a
dozen years ago. Watching the strides of
New York, can our patience last forever'.'
Unmasking Penroseisin
THE bulk of the voters of Pennsylvania are
clean and straightforward men. Further
more, they aro much more intelligent than
the Republican Organization Is willing to
concedo. The ballot is tho precious symbol
and badge of free citizenship, and there are
few men willing to be cheated or robbed
of their Inalienable American rights.
Therefore, A. Mitchell Palmer has rendered
a great service to tho citizen body in unmask
ing the plot of the Penrose conspirators. If
the thug and bandit methods, once so suc
cessful in certain wards of Philadelphia, are
tried In the small town and rural districts.
Penrose will find that ho is up against a
political Liege.
No more independent and sturdy raco of
-mcx exist in any country than the niral
voters of this Commonwealth. They read,
they think, they support tho public schools
and reverence their churches: they rear chil
dren of virile character: they earn a com
petent livelihood from farms that have been
brought to a pitch of productivity not sur
passed by tho new and rich lands of the
"West, and, above everything, these men re
sent the domination of big or little bosses
as an impertinence.
Every effort of the Organization to de
moralize the election or to debauch the elec
torate will bo met this year by a fierce
resentment. Pennsylvanlans are thinking
I clearly and feeling deeply on tho liquor usur
' patlon of government, upon tho blundering
1 building of highways, upon tho source and
distribution of slush funds, upon the moral
standards nnd records of the men who are
seeking puhllc office Pennsylvania cannot
be bought, buncoed or bludgeoned this year.
Heaven's Germicide. Freh Air
RIGHT living rather than medicine: fresh
air as tho best of germicides. That is
the new therapy. Every day it becomes moro
generally recognized In the medical profes
olon and more widely spread by tho oftlcinl
agents of health.
Director Harte, of tho Department of Pub
lic Health, contributes Philadelphia' mite to
the propaganda with a weekly bulletin urging
fresh air as a preventive of all tho "colds" of
winter. Not only tuberculosis falls beforo
that cheapest of medicines. Grip, bronchitis
and pneumonia can all bo staved off through
the winter months if only people will sleep
and work with tho windows open. They can
have the health of summertime if only thoy
vlll defy Jack Frost.
Embattled Harvard
THEY are carrying the war into Harvard
instead of Africa. Professor Muenstcr
burg long ago left psychology for the verbal
battlefields of the Fatherland. President
Eliot's "Five, Foot" howitzer answered him,
while the spitting fire of Professor Wiener's
"Russian gatling gun t-pnUereii an over tho
place. And now another Wiener, one Clar
ence, has bequeathed 110,000 to the university
If only It will "cast out the Hun," in other
words, fire Muensttrburg. Harvarl is hold
ing Itself neutral all right, if only by the,
mass of divergent opinion it ts manufacturing-.
But perhaps it is all a mero ruse of the
disgruntled professors to squeeze themselves
back into the baseball-ridden dispatches from
Civilized Warfare at Antwerp
JANTWERP retrieves Rhelms. Whatever
JtX the truth about the destruction of the
French cathedral, the latest bombardment J
earnest enough of Germany's determination
to wage a civilized war. According to a dls
patch from Berlin, the attackers asked and
received a map showing the principal archi
tectural features of the city to enable artil
lery fire to be directed against spats less
sanctified by centuries of human art. Ger
Wny will not suffer by such enlightened
iet hods of war.
i v- ;
Character Is an Asset
hlHB Remedial Loan Company opened Its
JL rncu jvsterday to do a philanthropic
Work Modeled after a similar institution
of the Russell Sage Foundation and directed
by responsible and publlc-spirifd citizens
of Philadelphia. Its principal purpose is to
id deserving .families who fhld themselves
ia financial straits. In the samination of
applicants, character Is rated at 76 per cent,
nnd security at 26. So there is none of that
puttering over character which Miss Octavla
Hill condemned In misguided efforts to help
tho poor of London This Is no mollycod
dling philanthropy. It will save many from
tho Scylla nnd Charybdls of poverty's
clutches on the ono hand and the loan
shark's thievery on tho other: nnd the em
phasis will be placed where It Is found In all
truly philanthropic work, on personal char
acter One Is reminded of the lntd Mr. Mor
gan's remark that he regarded character as
ample security for tho largest loans. In
stead of a nursery for weaklings, this new in
stitution Is an example of practical Idealism.
Women on Their Own Bights and Duties
THE Pennsylnnla Federation of Women,
now opening Its sessions In Pittsburgh, Is
face to face with vital problems. In discuss
ing tho enfranchisement of women and pro
posed social legislation In Pennsylvania they
should not flinch or compromise.
.Moral questions can never be settled with
out the unerring application of women's
moral lnsllncts. History is strewn thick
with the debris of men's futile efforts. Men
acknowledge that they hnve failed to control
or eliminate tho ancient evils such as Intem
perance, impurity and chronic poverty.
Probnbly thoy have fulled chiefly through
applying economic methods to achieve
moral ends.
Tho question for tho women of tho Fed
eration to settle Is not whether the majority
of women want to take n constructive part
In the government of their country, but
whether they ought to take such n part.
Female suffrage In a civilization us complex
as ours, itnolving directly the conditions of
living for multitudes of women. Is a moral
imperative. To treat it on any other or
lower level Is to palter with prlvato con
science and public duty.
Athletics Continue Strategic Ketroat
THE War Olflcr- at Shlbe Park gives out
the following nffli lal account of yester
days engagement: "The sltuntlon continues
much ns heretofore. General Mack's forces
successfully maintain the strategic retreat
Inaugurated last Friday with the purpose of
Interesting the fickle fans of Philadelphia
and stirring popular enthusiasm. There Is
no change to report in the relatlvo position
of the contending forces."
The following dispatch from tho front has
been passed by the Philadelphia censor:
" , Mass., October Tho forces of
General Mack were (deleted by censor)
yosterdny at Park for the
time since the beginning of hostilities. Col
onel seemed unable to hold tho ene
my's attack in check, while the Uedskins'
battery did execution. The situation
looks . General Mnek will never bo
able to
(remainder of dispatch deleted
by the censor.)"
For the Good of the Community
IN THE benefits derived under tho will of
tho late Francis T. S. Darloy the whole
community shares. The Pennsylvania School
of Industrial Art receives substantial aid in
Its splendid work, which goes beyond help
fulness to individuals to what Is ically civic
service: a number of hospitals and other
public or semi-public institutions are bene
ficiaries. Through boquets of such spirit
and purpose, and the far-reaching uses to
which they are put, tho llvos of the givers
are prolonged In this world through the years
cut off by death.
Reserve Board Makes Good Start
ALL of tho Government directors of the
. twelve regional reserve banks have been
appointed and the organization of thes; In
stitutions should undoubtedly proceed rapid
ly. Subscriptions to tho capital of tho new
banks scattered throughout the country will
be put through In the money market with a
minlfum of friction It lookR as if the new
system would be In operation about the mid
dle of Xovmber and, with this accomplished,
the ability of tho national banks to care for
future monetary developments will be ma
terially strengthened. The banks are al
ready feeling tho benefit of having the Fed
eral Reserve Board In existence, for while
it still can act only In an advisory capacity,
its influence will be exercised towurd pro
ducing hearty co-operation among tho mul
titudinous institutions composing tho na
tional banking system When the now
hcheme of bank control has become a reality,
thero will develop a flexibility In our cur
rency system which will make altogether un
Ukoly tho creation of a btringent Mtuation
similar to that which has overwhelmed tho
country since Europe's war began.
Old Home Week in Wilmington
THIS Is commencement week In the city of
Wilmington. As alumni returning to
alma mater to renew old acquaintance and
early inspiration and bringing a tribute of
praise and praiseworthy dexls, the sons of
Delaware have come back homo to remem
bered thresholds to pledge again their faith
fulness to friendship and tholr loyalty to
hearthstone, city nnd State. Delaware has
good reason to be proud on this occasion,
proud of the people she has kept with her
and proud of thoso sho has sent out to do
their work in other places. Wilmington's
Old Home Week Is rightly a time of Joyous
reciprocity, and Its more serious meanings
extend not only into the past but also Into
tho future.
America For Universal Pence
WHEN men can movo a multitude of their
fellowmen by a direct appeal to eternal
principles there Is warrant for the hopo that
the end they seek is possible of realization.
Not less phenomenal than tho vast crowd at
the peace meeting last night was the passion
ate logic of Secretary Bryan and Mr. Straus,
The failure of treaties in the past has been
due to their nature: they were chlelly armed
truces for economical or political reasons. If
America can lead tho way in making treaties
a binding ethical obligation, thero ts no doubt
whatever that universal peace will ensue.
Philadelphia may well be proud of the re
markablo response given to that principle In
the Convention Hall last evening.
Emerson and Evers ngalnt
Training girls to be good housewives (g p.
step that more academic Institutions than
ths College Settlement might profitably haya.
taken long ago.
In congress assembled, the Philadelphia
Orchestra decided yesterday to remain neu
tral among themselves. It should be noted,
however, that no representative of Ssrvla
was present.
Today began like yesterday's game. Rain
or shine, cloudy or fair, the outcome might
be anything But, like typual October
weather, by 9 o'clock it had come around to
one of those crystal clear skies that make
worlds series games a practical certainty.
The Wilson-Harvey-Wntterson Incident Reveals Kcntttckian as a Prophet Wilson
Sure of n Second Nomiuation Some Typical Failures of the Primary System.
Special Wathtngton Correspondence.
WOODROW WILSON, Henry Watterson
nnd Gcorgo Harvey have been friends
for a good many years. Mr. Watterson ts a
family connection of the President. Thore was
an Intellectual friendship among these three.
They thought nllko on most subjects, and, ns
they say In Virginia, "they spoko tho lan
guage of tho trlbo." A little moro than two
years ago thero was a misunderstanding
among them; but, happily, It has passed
away. It Is a very interesting story nnd I
shall tell It ono of these days, perhaps, but
this Is not tho time nor the place. It Is
enough to know Just now that tho status
quo unto has been restored, and all tho
people rejoice.
TWO Sundays ngo Colonel George Harvey
went to tho White Houso on the invitation
of the President. It was Pcaco Sunday.
Next Sunday, the same being the second
Sunday after Harvey, Mr. Watterson Is ex
pected at the White House on the Invitation
of tho President, nnd tho three friends will
go on as If nothing hnd happened. This Is
us It ought to be.
It was Harvoy who "found" AVoodrow
Wilson, that Is to wy picked him out as tho
soundest presidential timber tho Democrats
could find for the great struggle of 1012, and
early and Into, week in nnd week out, In his
"Journal of Civilization" nnd In his monthly
magazine, to tho Hibernians In Savannah and
the Scots In Charleston, to college and uni
versity teachers and students, to social nnd
political clubs, to tho poor and tho rich up
and down the land he preached Woodrow
WINnn with true missionary fervor, and
wherever he went he gathered recruits to his
standard. Henry Wntterson and at least ono
of his other frlend backed him for nil they
were worth, and the piedestlnatcd came to
puss It could not have been otherwise,
manifestly, and the work of the Jersey
schoolmaster, ns ho used to bo called, In tho
last two years has proved the wisdom of
Harvey's choice
TO HIS many other gifts, Mr. Wntterson
adds the gift of prophecy, and Is, In fact, a
fnr (dder and better prophet than his dlsclplo
from Pencham, Vermont, now residing at
.Toruluma on the Jersey coast. Mr. Wntter
son was Samuel Tllden's voice 3S years ago.
To his brilliant and picturesque work In 1SS4
Democratic success was largely due. His
handwriting was on all the platforms of tho
party for a quarter of a century, nnd In tho
last supreme contest ho kept the old lite
burning. Not long ago I found In a mass of
papers a characteristic letter fnm Mr. Wat
terson. it was written at the Manhattan
Club. New York, June 30, 1910. It was not
wrlttpn for publication, but. In view of tho
present happy Issue out of an unhnppy epi
sode, ho will pardon me, I am sure, a quota
tion which establishes the claim that ho Is,
Indeed, a prophet. Here It Is:
"George Harvey nnd I talked of you con
sumlngly: wept over your tendency to cynical
mirth; swore at your tendency to unpatri
otic levity: nnd mourned your absence.
Woodrow Wilson wns with us. They nro
going to nominate and elect him Governor of
New Jersey. Would that not subject him to
suspicion. If not put him In the running for
lf12? Rrace up," etc., etc.
Docs not that put Mr. Watcrson among the
ALL tho prophets now ngree that Mr.
.Wilson will be nominated by his party for
a second term ns President. No other is
The Arabs have a superstition that when a
man is murdered a bird is formed from tho
dead man's blood. They call It "humch." It
sits near the body crying "Iskooneo" (give mo
a drink of the ictim's blond) until the crime
is avenged, when it flies awav.
Christopher Columbus was known ns
Iberia's Pilot. Spain is called Iberia and the
Spaniards Iberl. Catnpbull In "The Pleasures'
of Hopo" savs:
"Launched with Iberia's pilot from the steep.
To worlds unknown nnd Isles beyond the
Tho jaekknifo had Its origin, or rather the
name did, from tho fine French cutlery madn
by Jacques le Coultre, who lived In the 16th
"Abandannad" was a slung sobriquet for
a boy who stole handkerchiefs, an amuse
ment much In vogue In other days. It Is sup
posed to havo been a contraction of "ban
danna lad."
"Catching a crab" Is of Italian origin.
"Chlappar un grachlo" ia used even as
"catching a crab" is. "PIgllaro un grachlo"
Is to "commit a blunder." "Pigllare un
grachlo a secco" fcatchlng a crab on dry
land) is used when a person pinches his
"Damning with faint praise" originated
with Pope, who first used the expression In
his epistle to Doctor Arbuthnot:
"Damn with faint praise, assent with civil
And, without sneering, teach the rest to
Senator Owen's Good Courage,
Frim tha Kanaaa ilty Star.
Senator Owen placeo his greatest Triiftmsls on
the assertion that Sullivan belongs to the group
of bipartisan politicians who may be labeled
Democrats in one place and Republicans In
another; but who are special-Interest men
everywhere. He finds no difference between
Sullivan and Murphy, Democrats, and t enrose
and Sherman (of Illinois) Republicans.
Against th bipartisanship or nonpartlsanshlp
of machine politicians Senator Own would have
the people place a popular disregard of party
labels in order to advance the rlsht public prin
ciples. Senator Owen has the moral courage and the
sense of public duty sufilclfnt to light It.
The daisy like a Quaker sits
Among the grasses,
The while the vagrant sunshine flits.
The shadow passes;
She does not flirt upon the wind.
Like blossoms of a lighter mind.
Bluebells and buttercups, they try-
Tne cowslips, too
To smile at every passer-by
As pansles do;
The daisy scorns those airs and graces,
She does not care for such grimaces.
Her simple gown Is starched and white,
And frilled precisely;
She keeps It clean by day and night,
And holds It nicely;
She does not flaunt her frills around.
Nor let them draggle on the ground.
She has a wide and limpid eye.
But all her glances
Are given to the distant sky.
And no one chances
To find her nodding 'gainst her will.
Like primrose or like dalTedll.
She ts. indeed, a dame discreet.
A Quaker lady;
Not knowing any walled retreat.
Nor corner shady;
But livlnsr nn a rnmmnn sarlti
Not nit it nni iotV) of her worth
iw of her wort!
1 1 ,n ht Win J-or ji ,
-As ' i' ',,..1 "l ,n ,1? Wini-or M .2azlne
thoucht of. Sneaker Clark, who was his
principal opponent nt the Baltimore conven
tion nnd whoso nomination wns defeated by
Mr. Bryan, has said soveral times that tho
President can have a second term If ho
makes good In his first, and that If ho does
not make good tho nomination will not bo
worth having. Mr. Bryan thought nnd said
during tho campnlgn that tho ono-tcrm "prln
clplo" laid down In tho Hnltlmoro plat
form meant that It would bo effective nt
once; but ns tho plank only makes tho Presi
dent Ineligible, for re-election after tho adop
tion of n constitutional amendment prescrib
ing a single presidential term, oven Mr.
Bryan, who has been a stickler for this
'principle," Is belloved to havo yielded to
tho popular demand In this case. At any
rate, ho has spoken many times with high
approval of Mr, Wilson's conduct of public
affnlis, and 'it wns said yesterday by ono of
his admirers nnd longtime supporters that
Mr. Bryan would not be a eandiduto himself.
There Is nobody clso In sight or In tho bushes.
If tho Democrats cannot' win with Wilson
they cannot win with anybody.
JUST now thero Is much criticism of tho
primary plan of making nominations for
public ofllce. The system Is not what It was
"cracked up to be." Senator Owen, of Okla
homa, will not support Roger Sullivan, who
hns been nominated for United States Sen
ator in Illinois by the primary plan, and Mr.
Bryan, who Is out campaigning for tho party,
will skip thnt State to keep clear ftom In
dorsing Snlllvnn. It Is paid that Sullivan
got his majority In tho city of Chicago, nnd
docs not represent the Democratic party In
his State; but It would be hard sailing for
the party In Illinois with Cook County voting
the other way. Besides, It Is said with some
asperity and a good deal of truth that
tho Oklahoma Senator Is straying from tho
reservation in attempting to mix up with tho
politics of another State. With Penrose
nominated in Pennsylvania nnd Sullivan
nominated in Illinois and Martlnc holding
from Now Jersey ns specimen selections
mndo by this system, there Is a growing dis
position to question tho primary as the best
menus of getting the best men for public
oincc. Possibly tho failure of tho primary
in tho smaller places will save tho country
from tho peril of presidential primaries.
G. OSRORN, editor of the New Haven
Journal-Courier, when ho wns here some
mouths ngo, went to Vale University with
Mr. Dlmmlck nnd expressed tho hopo that
ho would bo nominated for Senator by tho
Republicans of Pennsylvania at their pri
maries because of his high character, his
freedom from entangling alliances with tho
grafters in the State and his eminent fitness
for the olllce; but the primaries failed and
for tho reason, It is said, that the machine
Is stronger than the people. It waa said
last night by a somewhat careful student of
political affairs that "the primary system
docs one thing surely-It brings the scum
to thp top nlmost invariably. There are, of
course, exceptions them is Underwood, of
Alubnmn, for example; there Is Manning In
South Carolina; but in tho main tho system
Is bad, cry bad, as It doubles tho expense
of elections, opens tho way for corruption
wherever there is a purchasable electorate,
and makes It Impossible for tho poor man of
charactor nnd ability but without means to
share In the affairs of government."
Chicago IS making plans to deal with the
problem of unemployment this winter. It
evidently does not euro for a local repetition
of tho Tannenbaum incident In New York.
One proposal culled for tho use of the police
stations as employment agencies. Another in
vited organized labor to recommend a cure.
A meeting of tho Municipal Markets Com
missiun has also brought out sumo ideas on
tho subject.
Soveral city officials signified readiness to
supply work for tho unemployed in their de
partments. Tho president of tho Board of
Education said that three school houses could
bo built during the winter. Tho Commis
sioner of Public Works announced that he
wus considering a pl.m to keep nil the men in
the sticet department employed tulldly
tluough tho winter.
Considerable objection nroso over the sug
gestion of Prof. Graham Taylor that tho city
should provido work for tho unemployed,
much as England Is now doing, by tho carry
ing on of oxtenslvo public improvements. It
was argued that, while tho city might bo
willing to caro In this way for its own needy,
such extensive supplies of work would call
In from all over tho United States tho casual
labororri of other cities Chicago could not
bo expected to do every one's charitable work.
Miss Amelia Sears, Director of Public Wel
fare, mado the following points concerning
unemployment In a recent report:
Unemployment cannot be cured by re
lief giving.
Tho necessity of relief marks tho break
down of tho social order.
Disaster alono follows when an effort to
deal with the unemployed Is confused
with tho problem of caring for the de
pendent group of the city.
As long as society permits' some forms
of Industry to so organize as to create
homeless men, so long must society pay
the hill by supporting them during periods
of unemployment.
The "sine qua non" of tho prohlcm Is
that public work be provided for heads
of families nut of employment.
An editorial comment on this report runs:
"Theso nro tho conclusions of a woman who
has had much experience and thought much
upon the subject of benevolence. Of course,
the true way out of the charity obligations Is
to have none, by having such a social status
as will cnablo nil to earn their living. But
there Is no way to escape tho misfortunes of
life, and stranded men aro always found
along tho shores of human destiny. Wo
cannot let them starve, even If they don't
care if they do Tha only ways out that
present themselves Is the ono suggested by
Miss Sears, In tho Irist paragraph, nnd tho
other Is to choose a reliable agenoy like tho
Associated Charitle-s and let It do your giving
for you."
"Where Is the strike In Colorado and the In
dustrial Relations Commlfsion?" And much
moro to like effect. This is either a tremendous
price to pay for the arbitration of war or else
the Ideas we have developed and the work we
have undertaken In days of peace are worthless
In themselves. To have these thlncs brought
to our attention and challenge our consideration
may be counted as one of the Important com
pensations of press censorship. Hartford Post.
Roger Sullivan's candidarv for United States
Senator fiom Illinois Is getting precious little
old from Democrats outside the State. Penrose
and Sullivan are on the same level In political
practices and Ideals. Sprlngfied Republican.
In a time of common disaster like this co
operation and mutual holpfulnees should be the
ruling spirit. Let us all keep on buying, then,
with wisdom and careful economy, but without
miserliness- So may we all prosper and hasten
the return of a season of abundance. Inde
pendent. But If Antwerp be beld to the end of the war
its possession Hill be of Immense value as a
ban for pene ne-'otiatl jns to be retained and
.,nr ' er If ', in n- r tnrious, to b Lartern
for iin . l.4ttn lor strati
mltltnry reasons Its capture therefore was
worth tho heavy cost. New York World.
The new sovereign of Rumania Is confronted
with a decision which must make his reign
or mar It. If ho follows his uncle's example ho
will elect to be a mere obstruction to tho na
tional aspirations of his people If ho align
hlmsolf with popular Bcnttmcnt nnd braves the
risks of war ho may go down to history ns
tho creator of a new and greater Rumania
Now York Tribune,
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion oil Subjects Important to City,
State and Nation,
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Slnglo tnxors nnd Christian ministers are
engaged In tho snme work, with this different fl
Tho single taxcrs aim to dostroy false economics
nt tho root, while churches havo ncceptcd tho
treo ns represented by our laws, Including tho
root nnd growth of fnlso economics. Their
theology having been long since conformed to
tho evil nt the root, and tho education of minis
ters bnsed on It, they can only fight tho
branches of Injustice or the air, until thoy havo
unlearned the false economics that their edu
cation has been based on. This Is not n smalt
task. In the RvnNtMO Lnnonn of October 10,
Professor Walter Rauchonbitsch, of the Roches
ter Throloslcnl Seminary, snyn, "What tho
church needs Is a slncoro and scientific compre
hension nf tho soclnl causes of sin and misery."
T wish the Professor nnd tho ministers would
read Henry George's great masternlcse, "Prog
ress and Poverty," for tho Christian minister
holds a very unenviable position ns tho light
advances. They must cither ndvocnto Chris
linn rconomlcs or bo held responsible by tho
sufferers for tacitly sanctioning n lobbcry In
violation of their religion by tholr silence.
Agnln. ns teachers of morals they Inbor nt a
fearful disadvantage by even tncltly sanc
tioning tho fntsn economics in our laws by
which the rich can appropriate tho earnings of
labor to as great an extent ns If they owned
the laboreis us slaves. Christian economics ale
"simple Justlco" applied to tho production and
distribution of wealth, nnd nny violation of
them for private gain Is ns much n violation
of the moral law as stealing, nnd In tho Inst
analysis degrades tliosn who practice nnd advo
cate It to the mornl level of robbers. This Is
not a plensnnt truth, but none tho leS3 true
for being utipleasnnt, or for tho class It do
grndes being what Is called the highest class
when measured by wealth, Intelligence and re
fined manners. It Is true many of them are un
conscious of wrong, mistaking what Is legal
for light, while legal rights aro assumed whero
no primary right Is possible, and becomes a
system of robbery which, however disguised,
will have tho moral effect of robbery both In
practice and example. It Is this robbery that
corrupts our politicians nnd drives organized
labor to strikes nnd violence because they loso
hope of legal Justice, and makes tho preaching
of Christianity to the suffeiors appear a mock
ery because the suffeilng Is tho result of deny
ing Christian economics In our laws.
Philadelphia, October 12.
To the editor of the Kienluit Lnlacr:
Sir Having read In the papers last week of
Councils' Intention ot helping the unemployed
of this city through the help of the various
charitable Institutions, I would suggest that
charity begins at home, and that Councils
should themselves open their hearts and pro
vide money for 300 extra firemen for the Phila
delphia Flr Department. If there ever wns a
time to help the firemen In the present obsolete,
slavish working houses, now is tho tlmo, and
past political differences should bo buried and
each fellow pull together for a reasonable set of
working conditions for us men.
While others are walking the streets looking
for work, we follows are walking nnd moping
mound waiting for that sixth day to slip
around, that wo may havo tho pleasure of a
day with our families.
Now. wh.it I want to emphasise li, why not
put theso 300 men on the Department, and by
so doing not only brlchten their homes through
their employment, but It will havo a tendency
to brighten up tho whole Dcpaitmcnt because
each and every man could be home 12 hours
a day.
The efficiency of the Department would be In
creased, men would hnvo a cleaner and morn
moral conception of life, nnd their minds would
be lifted from depiesslon to vigorous eneigy
through thrlr contact with the soel.il and re
ligious ntmosphera of tholr fellow cicittiircs, nil
of wJilch Is denied to them at the present time.
1 hopo tho Kvksino LrcnnEii will do Its part
In trying to create a sentiment among Its rend
ers for favorable and just working conditions
for the Philadelphia firemen,
Philadelphia, Octnbor 12.
To the Editor of the JJmifiw I.edaer:
Sir Tho editorial lu today's Punt.ic Lnnnun.
"Tho Frightful Martyrdom In Belgium," states
tho case against Germany as clearly as It can
be made. Murder is not murder nor falsifica
tion lying when tho net Is performed by a Stnte.
It Is. on tho contrary, policy. If It wero other
wise, then every time the Ktato of Pennsylvania
or city of Philadelphia hangs a mnn it is guilty
of a crime punishable by tho wrath of God.
Tho case against Germany Is tlieieforo to bo I
decided upon thu answer to tho question: Wns
Invasion of Belgium n inilitnry neopsslty to tho
success of Germany? If It was, then tho sacii-
tlcing of Louvain, tho blackened fields and tho
ruined homes, tho unmerited suffering of the
people of Belgium, nro to be laid at tho door
of the Belgian Government In not realizing tho
necessity, and recognizing that necessity cannot
bo bound by law. In tho argument, Germany's
effort to preserve itself from destruction must
be presupposed to be righteous. Tho argument
must also Include tho dilemma that it is quite
possible thnt tho German Government honestly
believed the Invasion to bo a military necessity,
while the Belgian Government, with equal hon
esty, did not believe this. Treaties, In tlmo of
war, must also bo construed by the samo factor,
necessity, transcending eithor law or ngrccment.
Tho acts of a nation cannot be Judged by tho
pamo standards that apply to Individuals. A
government's obligations must give greater heed
to typo rather than to individuals. It to some
extent fills the place of tho "ultimate law"
careful of tho type, "cnreless of the slnglo life."
Philadelphia, Octoher 11.
To the Editor of lh Eirning Ledger I
Sir At a recent meeting of our Church Coun
cil I was instructed to express to you our
thanks tor the bplendld manner In which you
gave our church publicity at the tlmo of our
dedication. We aro grateful to you.
Philadelphia, October 9.
"Jones," said the manager of a largo manu
facturing concern, "please ilud out for me
when wo sent that last shipment to Boston."
In a few minutes Jones returned and save his
superior the required date.
"Now, Jones," the boss continued, "please
advise me what tho shipment consisted of."
And Jones trotted away to let urn In u few
moments with tho information.
Again the manager spoko to Jones. This
time ho desired to know who receipted for
tho shipment at its destination. And again
Jones returned to his records. But unex
pectedly somo one called him on the 'phone.
As he talked over the 'phono, the boss sat
and waited.
But he waited only till a spirit of im
patience smote him. Then ho sent for Brown.
"Brown," he said, "please And out for me
who receipted for our last shipment to Bos
ton." In a moment Brown was back.
"It was receipted for by John Doe, on thu
21st of April and consisted of 20 bales of
"Thank you." said tho boss.
And yot some people wonder why Brown's
salary la double that of Jones.
A few years ago a much needed word crept
into the vocabulary of business. The word
is service. It means to deliver a little mora
than you're paid for; to inject the personal
element Into every transaction You antic
ipate a personal process your customer's
unexpressed wants and strive hard to fulfill
them Many gigantic firms have trebled their
profits by this method and this spirit.
Many a disgruntled employe is passing by
an .np'TtJiiitj in not following this very
A More or Less Grant! Operatic Outburst in
Three Battles and One Skirmish.
William Rex, the Imperial Joker.
Xiritnnnln, a perfect lady, addicted to water.
Bryan, a stately secretary.
Trouble, n brewer; necessary to every plot.
The International Curtain Rises
TROUBLE I'm browing.
WILLIAM Behold tho Teuton AJnx defy
Ing myself deifying, I mean. But thero's n
reason, ns I rend In nomo neutral American
papers, (sings):
If you want n receipt for that popular mys
tery Known to the world ns a Kaiser nu fait,
Tnko all disreputable things known to
Shako 'em up well, without much delay.
Tnko of these elomentn nil that In fusible
Melt 'em nil down In a pippin or crucible;
Set 'em to simmer and mix 'em with rum
And a Kaiser nil fait Is tho residuum!
BRITANNIA (by wireless) I daro his navy
to come out of Its hole I dnro him to. (Sud
denly) Ouch! Something's bitten me on the
starboard nldc. (Weeps)
WILLIAM T cntno out of my hole, ch? But
lot us transgress for tho nonce, Ja? Who
come-! here, nrrayed In a crown of silver nnd
u Chnutniiqua contract In his hand?
BRITANNIA The cro of my dreams! MY
npostlo of pence!
BRYAN (enters via tho Wlilto House,
carrying a Jug of llmoado) Who calls for
help? Penult me to lecture
WILLIAM Help! Hllfo! Donnerwettcr
noclioliininl! BRYAN Then I'll sing. (Sings)
When first I becamo head of tho state
I said us J looked In tho glass
"It's one In a million
Thnt any civilian
My figure nnd form will surpass,"
A nnmo with n handlo
My famo will cxpnndlo
A Cabinet member, en mussot
BRITANNIA You coward! Gilbert Is dead
and can't defend himself! But to tho point.
Will you Intcrvono for penco or not?
BRYAN Did you voto for mo In '96. '00
nnd 'OS?
BRITANNIA What has that got to do with
Rhelms and Lotivnln? Just for that I, too,
will sing, for everybody's doing It. (sings)
Prithee, Mister Brynn, prltheo toll mo true
(Hey, but I'm restive, willow, willow, wally)
Havo yon ne'or n pcaco dove working now
for you?
(Hey. willow wally. Oh!)
I would fain discover If William's run to
Hey, willow wally, Oh!
WILLIAM No, I haven't run to cover and I
won't till I get the centro of the stage and
the spotlight nnd the receipts. (Sings)
If you're anxious for to shlno in tho military
line ns a man of talents rare
lot! must try by grim court-martial, nny
stranger who's too partial to a Bel
gian governnlre.
You must lie to bent tho dickens, when the
chnrgo of plund'ting thickens, or
you'll got the blame:
Tho excuse, it doesn't matter, so you talk
sulllclont chatter, you can beat tho
OMNES Lot's tight for peace.
WILLIAM No, lot's sing.
THE READER Heavens! Again?
OMNES (sing again, for the last time on
nny stngo):
The land of the free!
Where movies take battles
You can't even see.
Gcrmanla J
Gallia ... , .. . ,
Ausltia ,ovo tn' '""' s,lc3
Russia I
Servlu J
Thy vlct'rlcs on paper.
Thy thund'ring big lies!
TROUBLE I'm through browing.
Rush curtain for Until edition.
A Rummy Joke
With Stuto after State going dry, bottle
scarred veterans will become less anil less.
News From the Rear Front
Richnid Harding Davis (censored):
The Hritlsh army, having lost most of Its
olllcers, is expected to call on Kentucky for
a few dozen colonels.
Tho battlo of tho Aisno appears to be the
San Juan Hill of the war.
Mine, du Thebes predicts pcaco within nine
An Reservoir
Riislcin Bey
He hud his say.
llo's gone nway
For now nnd aye.
So ends this lay
Of Rustem Boy.
Tho prlnco discovered that his young bride
had deceived him about her riches.
"A sorry hand thou gavest me," he ex
postulated. "Glad hand," sho conccted, correctly.
"What kind of binding will you have?"
asked tho bookbinder of a customer who
wanted new covers put on his dictionary.
"I think spellbinding would be very ap
propriate," was tho reply.
Tho Duel
She Where havo you been?
He Clover wives don't nsk questions.
Sho Clover men cross-examino their wives,
lie Clever men don't have wives.
The Get man regiment which retreated be
foro a charge of Irishmen Mmply couldn't
btand Pat.
How the War Started
Sho (sighingly) I wish I had been born
n man.
Ho (gloomily) So do I.
"If a man is unhappy, this must be his
own fault; for God mudo all men to be
happy." While I do not believe a word ot
what Kplctetus says, it gives me the oppor
tunity of remaiking that moro sentimental
nonsense Is written by men, and read by
women, on happiness than any other subject
except lave.
Happiness is incidental to life, and not an
end. Service Is moro than Joy, and It Is butter
to be useful than happy. What business has
any mun to bo happy In a world swept with
tho hell llres of misery and suffering? The
happy man ought to bo ushamed of himself
Happiness is in inverse ratio to success. The
successful are not happy. Discontent is the
price of power. The head covered with a
crown Is a nest of worries. The selfish are
mora or less happy, but a man who believes
In tho brotherhood of man cannot be content
Tho Negroes are the happiest people in Amer
ica The Negro minister who bald If the
enemies of tho Lord bhould null him up In
a barrel he would shout hallelujah through
the bunghole, Is typical of that race.
It would be a distinct shock to some peo
ple should they havo happiness thrust upon
them. They announce their miseries as a
hen cackles the fact that a new egg has
been laid. They carry their pains and aches
around as things to be proud of.
God may not expect every man to be happy,
but Ho does expect every man to be the
master of his own feelings. Laughter Is not
inconsistent with sorrow. The nightingale
sings in the night.
When a man sings In the storm he Is
strong Better cling to the paddles than
glvt up. SU'cnjvh la nwo Una happiness.
9 11 'L 'II
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