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Y ti. I. G EVENING LEDGEB--PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1914. WRECK AND RUIN NOV IS THE FATE OF THE BLOOD-STAINED COUNTRIES OF EUROPE r'faJ & - 'tf 3Ct2rw v. Biwi 'Wffr y Afi&BwBL ' ' ib ' ' '- IIIM,"IIIM -.- mi " JTvTTvv. " - - e s j&waa 'e'Ttar jr -k. -n ru" .m- x;zTrm , i-.v. .-wes r.rr?.'sssssssssL f ... ... . - - ' llIPbW GERMANS CUT THEIR WAY 11 TOWARD ENGLISH CHANNEL t.iWL'illM? lrtSrR &'C-IZvSflSBS'rtIr2i!iii yMiivifPOxSSimiS Continued from I'drc One if & ! i HC TO. JJPffrf xkj rABgrTBKsgw 1tpaHfS?iqa tlents themselves are. leaving for Ene- ' rf8VI ?JlfiS4rafWW'- 'WWBBiw 'BMT 'nml ln 'nrRB numbers," said a dispatch " a? PytSTlyjf I ffi?m izZS J&uKBIFr raBfnTrftw" in (mm Ostcnd to the Mall. -r . i callffiat! fi- ' mi MBI 1 1 MfiW i lwilBI:&'fi "o ofUclal news of the fi.U of Ant- '3' ' V. .!.. ' i v t..to-.Vrt."iygt. ; ' K??OS5- THE 7?IV CUffCY BLOW iP WWLF TPAJN GffffYAf3 IYOUA0jE Wf?S GOSS7S FORTY &a0SffS &? aTOWAFO werp has been published, and it Is not expected that any announcement on that subject will bo mRdc. The Gov ernment is doing its utmost to meet the problems facing It here." CZAR'S FORCES WIN TWO VICTORIES IN GALICIAN CAMPAIGN GERMANS CAPTURE LILLE, FRANCE OFFICIALLY STATES TYPC-71 SFLGJAT FSFL'&rES' RUSSIANS SWEPT BACK ON WARSAW, BERLIN DECLARES FRENCH EMBASSY HEARS OF VICTORIES NEAR LYS Kaiser Master of South western Poland Czar's Troops Flee From Galicia and Abandon Przemysl Siege. BEUUX, Oct. 13. Th Russians are retreating from Galicia to the north side of trie Vistula, pursued by tha Au&trians and Germans, according to a dispatch from Vienna which has reached here. In the Southern end they occupy only Warsaw. That the German armies are masters of all of Russian Poland west of the Vistula Itlver Is the declaration made in an official statement issued at the War Office shortly after midnlBht. The state ment admits that the Germans lost a little ground in Russian territory near the East Trussian frontier, but declares this Is of no consequence, as they had never planned to occupy tho Government ot Suwalkl. (The territory that the Hermans say they have conauercd west of the Vistula mav be roj;rhi' estimated at 7100 square iiiUob. It contains a number of important manufacturing towns.) The official ktatemeut follows: "After their expulsion from East Prus-. pla, the Russian arnitcs were pursued across the frontier. Th- centre of Ger man military operations is now Poland. The whole ot Poland wmt of tha Vistula is now In possession of the Germans. The Itusslans occupy only Warsaw." If Poland, west of the Vistula, has been cleared of Russian troops, the Indira, tlons are that the portion of the C?ar"s army which has been proceeding against Cracow will have to retreat, or eUe face the possibility of the Germans cutting oif their lines of communication. In Galiola many towns held a few days ago by the Russians have been reoc cupled by the Auatriang. Przemysl, according to the consesus of dispatches, has been relieved by the ad vanclns Austro.Geiman forces. TUB HAGUE. Get. IS, The following official communication has been issued by the Austrian Legation here: "The rapid advance of the Au3tro-Hun-garlan troops along the River San r kulted on October 11 in the entire with, drawal of the Russian Investing fare from Przemyil. which was lmmdttly occupied by Austrian relief troops, "The rstrwMtUu Russians were every. where strongly attacked. An attempt oa their part to cross tlte river near tSieneawa and Lezajsk nave the Austro. Hungarian troops au opportunity to make a large number of prisoners. Tbe, as yet, bare not been counted." J Decisive Gains at St. Mihiel Also i Are Reported. I WASHINGTON'. Oct. 13.-N'ews of I French victories over the German cav alry north of the River I.ys, today was received at the French Embassy. The dispatches read: "The 4th corps of German Cavalry has been thrown back to the north of the I.ys toward Armentleres. Two other corps were stopped between the Lys and the Canal La Basse at noon. "Before Llllo, which Is occupied by our troops, there were no Germans, other than those in the vicinity of Ltlle-Seclin, Carvin and Doual. "Roye Is still occupied by the enemy. "On the 11th we decisively repulsed the fiermnn attacks on Hislee, four kilo metres southwest of rft. Mlhlel." GERMANS FREE RUSSIANS BERLIN, 0t 13 -Trough the interven tion, of King Uustaf Y t( Sweden 13i Russians who have beu detained 1 Ger many since the dUtbrraK ot the war tav Uva released. BOTH SIDES MASS FOR FIERCE FIGHT ON BELGIAN FIELD Reinforcements Hurried to Allies and Germans for Next Important Engage ment Across French Line. ARMIES THRILLED AT AIRSHIPS' DUEL 6000 FEET IN AIR French Monoplane Combats Two German Machines, Driving One Back and Sending Other to Ground. PARIS. Oct. 1J. General d'Araade, commanding the French foioea on the extreme left, has been sent reinforcements In the belief that the nest biff general conflict of the war will be staged on Belgian soil. The Allied forces In this theatre of the war are said to be well situated. Cavalry en counters continue without cessation. The rehabilitated French aeronautical division is showing unusual activity ln serial pqtrol work In guarding against repetitions of the German bomb-dropping over Paris during the last two days. LONDON. Oct. 13. "Information gleaned from the Dutch Press and from travelers In Germany and other sources point to the conclusion that during the last ten days the German armies, ln France have been heavily re inforced," says the Time. "There has beeen a steady flow of trains to the western front, mainly through Alx-la-Chapplle and some ten or more laadwebr and Undsturm divi sions must now be added to the estimates of the nuwber of German troops acting in Belgium and Fraaee. "By one expedient or another the Ger mans have contrived to mass between feo and 'A divisions in the west, if we add the marine fusileers' atnij, and the car airy divisions, the agregace German forces In the western theatre of war may total 1,500,M)." PARIS. Oct. 13. An aerial victory for the French, fought thousands of feet In the air, In the pres ence of troops of both armies. Is re ported by Lieutenant de Lalns, of the French Aerial Corps. The air duel was ono of the most thrilling since the war benan. Lieutenant de Lalns' account of the combat follows: "I had been ordered to fly over the German lines with an observer, who was to drop pamphlets. These pamphlets con tained the following Inscription: 'German soldiers, attention. German officers say that the French maltreat prisoners. This Is a 11a. German prisoners are as well treated as unfortunate adversaries should be,' "We had no sooner taken wing than the aeroplane was sighted by German observers lu captive balloons anchored about six miles distant Immediately two Albatross machines rose from the Ger man camp and came forward. "We continued to advance, meanwhile sending the aeroplano higher and higher until the barograph showed we were 6000 feet above the ground. Our machine was speedier than the German aeroplane, which was constructed of steel and was so heavy it could not work up the speed of the French army monoplane. "We wero able to get over the German lines and my companion began hurling thousands of the pamphlets in every dl recllon. It was like a snowstorm. "In the meantime the German artillery got their lung-range anti-air guns In action and were hurling volley after volley against us. The shells were of special type, designed to create violent air waves when they burst. We were too high to be reached, but we had to turn our attention to the two areoplanes which were rush ing toward us. As they approached the German artillery lire stopped. Wo were too high to distinguish what was going on beneath us, but I could imagine the thou sands of soldiers staring skyward In won der at the strange spectacle above them. "We kupt swinging In wide circles over the German lines, and I kept getting higher and higher ln order to out maneuver tho German plane and to pre vent it from getting above us so that bombs could be thrown at us. "The machines were all equipped with rapid-tire guns, and when we r,ot within 140 yards of each other both sides opened lire. The bullets went wide. Itnally, we began to swing back" aid. getting lower and lower One of the German machines was thus lurvd over the Flench lines and our land artillery opened against it. One of the wings was shattered and it dropped, but the other escaped." PARIS, Oct. 13. Llllo lias been captured by the Ger mans. This Is tho outstanding feuture of an offlclnl statement issued here tills afternoon nfter tho usual hour. Tho fighting has centred about Llllo for nearly two weeks. The ndmlssion by tho French that It has been lost Indi cates that tho Germans are gaining ln their counter-flanking movement against tho Allies' left wing and that tho Kaiser's troops now will sweep quickly to the coast. The capture of Lille was effected by a German urray corps, says the official statement. A German corps numbers 40,000 men. It Is stntcd that tho French force In tho city consisted of only a detachment of Territorials. To offset the loss of Lille, the French state they have gained ground between Arras and Albert, southwest of Llllo, and also at tho centre of tho battle front In the region of Bcrry-au-Bac. Tho completo ottlcial statement fol lows On our left wing, our forces have retaken the offensive in the regions of Hazenhrock and Uetliunc against some forces of tho enemy composed for the greater part of cavalry com ing from the front along tha lino of Batlleul, Kstalrcs and La Bassee. The city of Llllo, hold by a de tachment of Territorials, has been attacked and occupied by a corps of the German army. Between Arras and Albert we have made some marked progress. At tha centre we have made equal progress In the region of Barry-Au-Bao and have advanced slightly to ward Soualn, to the east of tho Argonne and to the north of Malan court, between tho Argonne and the Meuae. On the right bank of the Meuse our troops, who hold tho heights of , the Meuse to the east of Verdun, have advanced to tho south of the road from Verdun to Metz. In tho region of Apremont we have gained a little ground on our right and have repulsed a German attack on our left. On our right win CVosgea and Al sace) there I3 no change. Summing up, yesterdt-y was marked by an appreciable progress by our forces at divers points. In a letter of yesterday General Joffre recommends that the cross of the Legion of Honor be conferred on the flag of tho 21th Colonial Regiment for having taken from the enemy a flag under the following circumstances: On September J6, at 5 o'clock ln the morning, the Germans succeed ed in taking the trenches occupied by a battalion of the 31th Colonial Regiment. Tho 110th and l!0th companies of that regiment made a counter attack ln their turn. They forced ono company to yield, which was made prisoner, and In ransack ing the trench discovered the flag of the 16th Regiment of the German Infantry. The fighting is getting nearer and nearer to the English Channel littoral as the German cavalry Is pushed for ward In. advance o the Jnfaulry and. Held artillery. It undoubtedly Is ono object of German strategy to establish a line from the channel coast south ward, thus cutting off the French, Brit ish and Belgian troops in Belgium from the main force of Allies in France, Furious fighting Is going on along tho Verdun-Toul line, where tho In vaders nro struggling to mako a breach. Many military experts regard Verdun as tho key to the situation. There have now beon 31 days of fight ing. The battlo line has beon still fur ther extendod. If tho fighting In Bel glum Is considered a part of the gen eral engagement, tho battlo front Is now approximately 250 miles long. Almost every unoillclal message from the front dwells on tho fierceness of tho fighting around Arrna last week. Lens, which is less than ten miles from Arrns, chnnged hands three times ln two weeks, Tho vlllago of Vlllleres-aux-Vonts, near Verdun, which has been the scene of bloody fighting, Is a heap of smok ing rulus. Th French commander thero Bends an Interesting sidelight. From tho headquarters of the German Crown Prince, ho says, an elaborate trench flvo feet deep and 100 feet long has been dug to a neighboring forest. This has been lined with straw, and Is intended as a means of escape for tho Crown Princo and his staff. Austro-Germans Are Routed Near Sandomierz and Pushed Back in Fierce Bat tle on River San. BELGIAN CAPITAL AGAIN IS SHIFTED TO ESCAPE ENEMY Temporary Quarters Pro vided at Havre for Dis tressed Government King Albert Remains With Army. BORDEAUX, Oct. 13. Official announcement was made today that tho Belgian Government would be transferred from Ostend, which Is men aced by the Germans, to Havre, France. Some members of the Cabinet of King Albert have already arrived at Havre, where temporary quarters have been pro vided by the French Government for their use. It Is understood King Albert will remain with his army. This announcement Indicates that the Allies have little hope of being able to keep Ostend out of the Germans' hands. The announcement of the flight of the Belgian Government to Havre, after being successively driven from Brussels and Antwerp. Is explained thus: "The Belgian Government desires full liberty of action, and for that reason it was decided that It should come to France," I i mi 'i 1 ifl lH6WalnutStreei PETROGRAD, Oct. 13. The General Staff announced today the defeat of tho Austro-German forces In Galicia near tho River San. The exact location was withheld In accordance with the now policy of secrecy regarding this campaign. It was declared, however, that the enemy suffered greatly, losing a num ber of guns and many transport wagons. The attack was begun by cavalry charges on either flank, supported by Infantry and artillery to tho centre. Defeat of tho Austro-German army ad vanclng on Sandomierz. a town of Rus sian Poland on the Vistula about miles northeast of Cracow, Is announced In a statement Issued by tho Government News Bureau today. It declares that the Germans lost an entire division. While the statement does not give the exact location of the battle, It Is believed to have occurred south of the Vistula In Galicia. (This apparently confirms the statement Issued at Vienna that the Austrian army had taken the offensive cast of Cracow). "Tho Russian advance column," says the statement, "delivered another defeat on tha Austro-German nrmy advancing on Sandomlens. The Russian cavalry took the offensive before tho Germans had taken advantagous positions. Cos sacks Bwept down on the flanks of the enemy and captured some guns. "When the Germans retreated they had lost one entire division with its etmin. ment. ( A German division numbers 20,- vw me". "In Poland, tlln n.rm.n. , . . -.- .....4 u,u otujir drawn Into a position where their heavy cavalry artillery, and sometimes, com plete divisions of foot artillery are placed In such positions that they lmve to accept battle where they find their adversaries not only better lighters and better shots, but also commanded by morn efficient officers. y mora "The scope of the present camnalcn has fully justified the Russian .truteS ln thaLlnvth? Province of Klelce and along the banks of the Wark, the Ger- M?.,M.vmhav! to suffor 5UCM "laughter that tho Russians can advance n full force on the banks of the Oder before the opening of the winter campaign " It Is stated at the War Office that re ports from the front show the German, are short of clothing and that the com manders have ordered that the dead h burled only in their shirts, the iinlforms SISTER SHIP EXACTS QUICK REVENGE FOR SINKING OF PALLADA Disaster to Russian Cruiser in Baltic Followed by Crip pling of German Subma- PETROGRAD, Oct It The belief persisted hero in official cir cles today that at least one of tho raiding German submarines responsible for tin sinking Sunday of tho Russian cruiser Pallada In the Baltic Sea had been dis abled. Tho Naval Office hod only bare details of tho Pallada's torpedoing. The exict location was not ascertainable. At lesst 573 all aboard tho Pallada went down with the ship, The cruiser Bayan, scouting with th Pallada nt the time. Is believed to havt hit one of the submarines. An official bulletin admits that the Rui slan armored cruiser Pallada was tor pedoed Sunday In the Baltic Sea by 1 German submarine, and sank with ll her crew. Tho text of tho bulletin follows: "On October 10 German submarines wen sighted In the Baltic Sea. The same dy, early In the morning, tha submarines it tacked the cruiser Admiral MakaroS, which was searching a suspected bark flying the commercial flag of the Nethir lands, "A submarine of tho enemy launchtl several torpedoes, which, luckily, missel the maik and caused no damage what soever to the cruiser. "On October 11, at 2 o'clock In tk afternoon, the submarines of the enemr again attacked our cruisers Bayan sal Pallada, which were patrolling UV Baltic. "Although the cruisers onened a verr strong fire, one of the submarines suc ceeded In launching torpedoes agakut tho Pallada, whereupon an explosion re sulted and the cruiser sank with all her crew." The Pallada, Bayan and Admiral Malta roff are sister ships, nil of 413 feet length, 7T7G tons displacement, with a speed of 21 knots. The Pallada's arma ment Included two 8-inch and eight Mnes guns In the primary battery and 2! H pounders and four 3-pounders In addition to torpedo tubes. NEWEST NOTES OF SCIENCE Three out of every four German nona genarians are women. Sheepskin U used as a substitute W almost every other kind of leather. Tungsten deposits hava been discovert! in Korea and mines are being developed. i ---- umi.ui.ie. tnat woras auw niatlcally has been Invented for stufflnf , Bnllvnfas The Italian Government uses Americas machinery to manufacture shoes for 1" soldiers. Walnut at Thirteenth St. to n?f hiiudeIphians th,s hotel has come SfMtaSr of comfort' refinement att"actioTeniCnt l0CaUn !S an Bdded reVi9 "cel'ence ' ow "bine sug- thea?w.1Unch' dlne or for an after theatre supper. J