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ttWmSmnSSS'tSttllllif'tllfKtltWth' 4 EVENING LEDftEB-PHILADELPHIA', TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, IQlg.. 'LiiyimJ'iijVVii"tti'fcwi''iiSTww''j. j limiy ,wiawifiiir.ji r--iw.y- - M ! t 1? 3 f GERMANS MENAGE VERDUN DEFENSES HOSPITAL BOX CAR Confirmed from fnee One rlRht bank In the 1'enlnsulit ot Camp dea Hlomalnps To sum up. In tho l.ty at tho 19th we rnnu some llttlo progress nt different points on tho front. The Yser ttlvcr rises In northern France And llow In a northeasterly dli-cetlon through northwestern Itelglum north of 1'prcs nml Ulxmude. It Hows Into tho North Sea. ItlKhly colored reports nre cnmllij? through from the front. Oilc lilicolillrmcd rumor has It that denrral von Kink's nrmy Is threatened with illfasler; another rays that the .Allies have entered or tiro on the point of retnklns Ostend. The thlo In the N'nrlli was turned by the arrival of Ttrltlsh relnforeements, but not until the Allies, rmtneml In the Hank ing drlvo eastward, had passed through n crisis which threatened to wipe out tlielr forces noftli and northwest of Mile. Tho rapid advance of the Germans tin rler General von Uoelm and aeticral Von Beseler hnil licen a severe test to the half-trained troops dervndlnu tho Allied line south of Dunkirk. The Allies, in their efforts to Ret to the rear of tho German rlshl Hank to Ftretch ft lino of defense south of the coast, had over extended their own line, and the Ger mans, dashlnK out of t.llle and westward from HelRlum, seized St. oraer. less than 10 miles from tho coast, nnd broke through the Allies' front. Helnforcements gave tho Allies In that region a supe riority In numbers and tho Germans were driven back. King Albert's Belgian army Is again on tho firing lino. The Belgians are re ported to havo re-entered Uclulum. A British fleet Is off the HcUln.it coast. The report that it had bombarded Ger man troops near N'lcuport seems to havo been confirmed. At Zeclln, between La Bossee and Lille, ft housc-to-hous-j combat lias been fought between French and British troops on one side and Germans on the other. Tho Germans were driven from tho town. In tho vicinity of Vcrnclles, near Ixi Basseo, a French battery of 3-Inch guns destroyed 15 German machine guns. Tho French War Olllee states that quiet stilt prevails along tho centre, where both tides have weakened their lines by send ing out reinforcements. The Germans wlthdiew troops from that zone to rein force their right, while tho French sent troops from their centre to both the east and west wings. Violent fighting continues on the east ern front, where the French are press ing hard against the German masses in tho Vosgos and around Metz. Tho vigor ous fighting on tho Vordun-Toul line. It now appears, was a movement to prevent tho Germans fronv establishing their heavy artillery within range of tho French forts. The German bombardment of Betfort Is reported to have made no progress, not withstanding tho fact that It has been In progress night and day since Satur day. Tho sound of battle continues to roll along the valley of the Meusc. In that region tho armies of the German Crown I'rlnoe, tho Bavarian Crown Prince and Grand Duke Albrecht havo lost heavily On account of tho vigor and Importance of the fighting northeast of Paris, scant attention has been paid to the operations between tho Meusc nnd the German bor der, but it has paralleled If not surpassed the fury of tho hostilities In Northern Franco. Grand charges havo been fol lowed by long and violent bombardments, and these havo given way to dashing cavalry operations, and tho fighting has been doing on night and day. This, the 40th day ot the great con flict, finds tho Germans struggling hard to maintain their advantage In Franco, but the Indications are that tho tide , Is soon to swing against them. RECAPTURE OF OSTEND FAILS OF CONFIRMATION LONDON'. Oct. 10. It was admitted at tho War Office to day that, although tho Allies had gained n, temporary advantage In the Germans' drive upon tho coast, it was still too early to claim any great victory. Itcports from correspondents stating that Ostend had been captured by the Allies, that General Von Kluk's army was In great danger and that the Ger man channel army was In peril of de struction were dismissed curtly with the word "unconfirmed." At tho Belgian Legation It was stated that thero was no confirmation of the report that Ostend hud been recaptured. It Is permitted to state that no particu lar effort Is being made to recapture ostend. If the Germans are forced to re tire, that city will bo occupied by the Allies, hut bigger things aro at stako In the conflict In Belgium than tho mere pos session of Ostend. It is also possible to state that no effort will be spared to keep the Germans from Dunkirk. Tills port Is of great Impor tance to the Allies for obvious reasor.s. and if the Germans succeed In reaching it they first will have to dpfent all the forces the Allies can muster without wt akenlng other parts of the battle front. "GOD SAVE KING" ENTREE ON MENDS IN LONDON HOTELS National Anthem Played as Native Waiters Serve Pa tron, Vice Hans and Au gust, "Fired." LONDON. Oct. 20. Bowing before the storm of objections, the company which controls the Savoy Hotel, the Berkeley Hotel and Clarldge's has made a pubic statement that lr bas no German or Austrian employes. "Wo are chemically puro now," a com pany official said yesterday. "Wo have no alien enemy employes, and God Pave tho King Is played at the beginning and end of lunch, afternoon tea, dinner and sup per. Thero has recently been a good deal of comment because the national anthem was not played more. At the Itlta and the Carlton British subjects have replaced managers with German names. Tho Vienna Pare, on Oxford street, which was raided Saturday and 10 of. whose former waiters aro now detained on suspicion of bring spies, has reopened with Knslish waitresses. In summer It has many American customers, residing In tho British Museum district. Another mob tried to wreck German hops In the Borough of Deptford last night, but a largo force of special police dispersed It. Many German shopkeepers fearing attack, strongly barricaded their places of business. A police judge refused hail in the case of 30 rioters arrested Sunday niuht. A GREAT ADVENTURER Giacomo Casanova Greatest Trickster World Has Ever Known. Glacomo I'asanova, "thr, greatest trickster the world has ever known," anl perhops the only man who ever escaped from "under the leads," the terrible dungeons in the roof of the Palace of tha Poges, is the subject of un entertain ing article in tho current "Kdlnburgh Ittvlew." Casanova, the son of strolling; pUveva, was born at Venice in lTA When 19 years old he took his degree a doctor of law at tha l.'niversliy of r'.uiua, a classical scholar of some proficiency already, and though his tempt rumcut was wholly unsulted to ieh ft .ailing he decided to became a priest After flying- in dismay from th drearln'-ss nt a country parish at Martiraria, in Calabria, lie obtained an apuoiiitmnt t Home as one of the secretaries of Cardinal Artjua viva. but un act of folly s,j.,n led m his dismissal. While still only 1 he drifted to Constantinople in kearch of od mure, having first procured a commisstun as ensign in the Venetian army. BEQUESTS FOR CHARITIES "Will of Mrs. EUwbatfe JUsdale Pro vides for "faithful Srvant." NOHRISTOYVN, Oct. DO.-Several lr'e charitable bequests are provided for in tlw will of Mrs. Elizabeth Risdale. lat of Lower Merlon. Provision is also ntad for the maintenance and care of a faithful servant, while ttu residue of the estate, InWudiug valuable personal effects, is divided among many relatives. Th Baptist Orphanage of i'tuiadetpbia will receive 7M): the Old ladles' Home at Wlsainoiuliur, jaouO toard a memorial for tlM) late president. Mrs. John I' Ballsy; the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children!) fim. and tha Society for the i'rrentkn of Cruelty to AaliaaU. JMuO. lu trust 7U is bequeathed and the testatrix directs that from the Int. r. st thereof J5 a w-ek Is to t. pud t , Annie Iturn. 'a fanhru1 f. i..irn" Tl,.- ,. ecutors ar" Tli in is c.. adwiv.lt u:il Cliarkj Rtsdale, GANNON AT ANTWERP INTERRUPTED DINNER IN HONOR OF BRITON Mysterious Photograph Shows Churchill Listening in Street to German Bom bardment of Belgian Forts. I.ON'PON, Oct. M. There Is a mysterious picture, taken by flashlight, of Winston Spencer Church Ill, British Lord of the Admiralty. There Is a capital story behind It, and few per sons in England know tho story. Even the pavement under Jlr. Churchill's feet has been altered In tfc.e photograph, so that it will give no clue to the circum stances under which it was taken. By a happy accident the facts about this picture havo been learned. It shows Mr, Churchill In Antwerp. Ho is in un dress uniform. He has Just stepped out of his hotel on to the sidewalk. He holds In his left hand n serviette or, as Ameri cans call it. n dinner napkin. He has Just left his placo at the table. In the midst of a groat official dinner, to come out to the sidewalk and listen to certain distant sounds. The Intent expression on his face and his whole bearing show his deep Interest. The British First Lord of the Admiralty Is listening to the open ing suns that mark tho beginning of the German attack on the fortifications of Antwerp. At the Interrupted dinner, Mr. Churchill being tho guest of honor, wero also tho Belgian Premier and his ministerial col leatrues. There was Just one toast, the dinner throughout being under the sound of guns. The Belgian Premier arose and said something llko this: "Even In this hour of anxiety nnd peril, this hour when tho calamity of war draws so near, we must propose one toast. Let us lift our glasses to our welcome guest, assuring him, In such feeble way as is possible to us, of our Imperishable gratitude to England for what she Is do ing for Belgium. "Only 'a scrap of paper1 bade England cWa to our aid. yet England came. What have our allies from across tho Channel to gain? to they seek land or other material rroftt? As we tea It, they light wholly for principle. fr thoso too weak to defend themselves, for the reign of law and rlghteoustiea and peai e, not on.y in Europe, but throughout tho world." The toast as proposed was drunk. MOHAMMEDANS REVOLT IN BRITISH PROVINCE Berlin Hears of Uprising Jn Somali land. COPENHAGEN. Oct 29. The. Mohammedans in nritish Somali' land, in East Africa on tho Indian Ocean. have retailed and have captured Ber beiijJhl. a seaport in the Gulf of Aden. south of the Straits of Bab-el-Mandeb, says a report given out by the Wolff Bureau, the senucincul German news agncy. 5k ll3nKi3 : mS&K0tjJm IHK ill ft PriiBpiilPM SIEGE OF PRZEMYSL SHOWS GRIM YALOR OF CZAR'S TROOPERS Russians Storm Fortress With Bulldog Tenacity, Correspondent Says Mid night Assault .Turns Walls to Shambles. The Allies have converted freight and cattle cars into traveling hospitals in which the wounded are rushed to the rear. WAR OPERATIONS OF DAY SHOW GERMANS HALTED Check to Rush Southward On Coast, With Allies Now Reinforced, a Serious Blow to Campaign, Say Experts. Verdun Strategical Point By n MILITARY EXPERT LONDON". Oct. CO. The military expert of the London Times, after reviewing Hlr John French's latest dispatches, writes: "The study of these dispatches should Inspire us with confidence In the result of the war, fpr wo cannot discover that materially enhanced the Prussian's value ns a fighting unit. The supreme test of Individual prowess In arms, however, has now come In south western Belgium, whero the flat nature of the terrain and tho almoBt complete abrence of facilities for the construction of intrenchments and dcfcnslvo works necessitates to a degree fighting In the ti, i-.rmn nrmlra In Prance, after their "I'on. Here a decisive result is Inevitable. AVIATOR'S BOMBS BLOCK THIRTY GERMAN TRAINS Paring Frenchman Blows Up Rail road Station and Viaduct. rpl , . PAniS. Oct. 39. Thirty German trains are stranded in France as the result of a brilliant ex ttolt by it, French aviator. This man drove bis airship across the t.cmian Hues, unperctlv.d. lu a dense tn. and dropped 1 bomb, blnuin,.- tin Teicn.vr nillwu siuti.jii and partially il.trojiiu u viaduct Tin- utrahip returned undamagsd to the French, line. tlrst bolt was shot, have In the course of the last two months accomplished any thing at all except the destruction of a few forts by heavy guns. "The German armies have not sustained their reputation, and tho Allied troops havo now no difficulty in rcpulclns them; less nnd less appears to bo tho respect which the Germans inspire, and the virtue of staying power can scarcely be at tributed to them. "Tho troops of tho Allies keep on fight ing tho enemy an J .llttlns him; he Is not liking It so much as Uernhardi expected. "The hopelessness of the struggle is beginning to dawn on the Gorman soldiers In the field, ami tnougn me .... . hnlf-heartcd atficks. tho old bplrlt seems to have ben knocked out of them. "The great loss of otllccrs nnd the np p,arance In the field of many cnd-rate troops Is exercising a dmntogratli ; effect nnd though the Gorman armies are still strcng! Tls clear that the Allies have no fear of them at all." By NEW YORk"hERAXTJ CRITIC NFW YOHK. Oct. W.-Allhough reports from the battle front in tho western thea tre of operations reveal little of the com plex strategical operations, the latest in formation is Indicative of tho fact thut the Allied General Staff Is following faithfully the axiom of Mauan. who said. "Grasp firmly somo vital cord in the enemy's communications unu u wi " to tight thero." It now appears from the events refer red to in recent dispatches that Instead of an immediate resumption of their ori ginal objective of a speedy advance upon Paris the Germans fought for control of vnrihcm Ttfilcium with tho primary pur pose of protecting their lines of communi cation through that territory. The reduction of Antwerp, however, was but a step In this direction. Tho renewed activity on tho part of the Helglan field force, which was Interned In the fortress, concurrent with th forcible advance of the Frnnco-Ilritlsh troops before nnd north of Lille, has proved an effective counter stroke to tho exertions of the in vaders In Belgium. Military experts aro now of tho opinion that without a tremendous reinforcement of first line troops the German offensive ! the West Is effectually checked. Tho German troops which occupy Delirium are for the most part men of tho second lino and aro consequently not as pliable a force as those that wero under arms nt the commencement of hostilities. It Is a well-known fat that tho strength of nn army resides not in tho weight of num btrs. but in Its power of concentration. In 1815 Napoleon counted one French man the equal of one englishman, but held that a Frenchman was tho equal of two Prussians. Whatever reasons the muster tactician had for such comparison relative to th,- IWdd of effectiveiu-ss of hia own arid th troops opposed to him. it Is certain that the remarkable organiza tion of tho treat German army today has The Allies now aro not confronted with the same conditions which obtained when they contested with General Ton Kluk nnd General von Buolow Uclglan territory two months ago. Today the German Is fighting upon this field a second time, and his opponent Is n Belgian, whose grit and the prlnclplo for which he fights make up In largp measures for what he may lack In mili tary training; a Frenchman, whoso fight ing spirit has been kindled by success In battle and the bitter desires of 41 years, and n Briton, a fighter of Intelligence and Indomitable perseverance. This allied force has tasted and test ed the German military strength. The fact that they have thrust forward con siderable advances within the last few days, even after the Germans had re leased to the firing line men from gar risons that were obligatory while the Belgians were in the north, Indicates that the offensive Is being pushed with a vigor made possible by numerical strength. If sufficient gains nre made by the Allies to the eastward nnd tho front ad vances In a powerful salient to the north witn tne tiank resting on the Channel coast, Ostend will be untenable to tho Germans. In order to prevent being cut off or driven ncross the Dutch frontier, they will havo to evacuate Fastern Bel glum. While along the remainder of the bat tle line in Franco both sides may be held In n condition of stalemate for many months, tho Individual fighting ability of tne men oi euner army, providing ap proximate equality In numbers Is main tained, will soon turn the balance In Belgium. By nn ARMY TACTICIAN There aro significant rumors of Impend ing trouhlo for the Germans In the north through a bold btroke on the part of tho Allies. The Allies may havo been able to lnnd a strong force either at or near Ostend under the guns of the British fleet. If this should prove true, tho Ger mans will be menaced by an attack from their rear. The British fleet is In great strength near tho French and Belgian seacoast towns and, with the protection of their guns, an Allied force, either n naval brigade or an army detachment, could operate, safo In tho knowledge that when the fighting beca-no too hot they could retire to their transports under cover of the great fleet guns. Official confirmation of the French ad vance close to the guns of Metz soon may be expected. If the Allies succeed In Northwestern France and Belgium, It will be possible to reinforce the French right wing. Thcrii are plenty of Indications that a rt-al offensive has been planned in Alsace Lorraine and It cannot long b deferred If it is to be completed before winter sets In In earnest. M ens $5 Sjeigerwajt distinction cosls no more, even thought it h housed in a New Boot Shop of unusual luxury; Steideru?alt Vs 1420 Chestnut St. "Where only the best Is good enough." JAPANESE OCCUPY FAR EAST ISLANDS TO GUARD SHIPPING BERLIN. Oct. 20. The valor shown by the Russian troops In their attack on I'rzemysl Is highly praised by n correspondent of the Zeltung I nm Mlttafr, who succeeded In reaching tho Gallclan fortress while It was being I besieged by tho Czar's troops. The story I ho sends corroborates tho Austrian clnlm that fully 40,000 Russians were killed. In their attempts to tako tho fortress by , storm, and ho declares that tho dofend- Icrs nlso took many prisoners. The correspondent's account follows! "t entered Przemysl nfter a four days' , trip In nn automobile over tho worst roads I ever saw. I learned tho follow ing facts nbout tho attack against the fortress; "Tho first shots against the fortress wero fired by the Russians on Septem ber IS. Tho Russians had surrounded the city by September 20 nnd a bombardment was begun which was continuous until October 2. On that dato tho Russians sent a whlto flag with a demand for the surrender of the city, but It was refused. The cannonndo was resumed with tho Russians making many Infantry assaults ngnlnst the works. Tho Russian General Staff had given orders to tho troops to tako the fortress at any cost and they hurled their men recklessly agnlnst the Austrian guns. Tho Russians fought bravely and advanced ncross tho open spaces before tho fort with dauntless courage, but no courago could stand bo fore that hurrlcano of shells which ex ploded In and nbovo tlielr ranks. "Attacks were made both by day and by night nnd It was an Impressive sight to see tho invaders, marching forward Marshall, East and West Caroline and Ladrone Sta tions Seized for "Strategic" Reasons, Tokio Announces TOKIO, Oct. 20. Tho Admiralty an nounced today that Islands of strategic Importance In the Marshnll, Ladrone, East Carollno and West Caroline Archi pelagoes had been seized by Japanese forces. In making this announcement the Ad miralty stated that tho occupation of these Islands was for military purposes, as they would prove highly valuable In tho campaign against tho German cruisers that nre attacking shipping of the Allies Tho Carollno Islands, or tho New Philippines, lie southeast of Japan In tho Pacific. They were sold by Spain to Germany In 1S0O. The Marshall group lle3 In Micronesia nnd comprise the Radack and Rallck chains of about S3 atolls. Tho Interior group have belonged to Germany since 18S3. beneath the glare of artillery and BeAras. lights, contemptuous of the hall whleh blotted out whole companies at a tlm "The Russians seem to have le&rntj much from the Japanese war, for tw attacked -with great Skill. The rue. seemed to be especially trained for fort ress work. Hills of corpses outsldg Bt tho works testified to the fury of th attacks. The Austrlans estimated that 40,000 Russians had fallen. Tho Austria also took many prisoners. "Gleven Russian battalions succeeds In approaching the fortress nt night with, out being1 dotoctca by tho searchlight! nnd suddenly mounted tho walls. garrison retired to tho casemates from which they defended themselves with ma chine guns nnd rifles. The Rusn, fought their way to the casemates and a bloody hand to hand struggle ensued. "The Austrian soldiers were provided with buckets of hand grenades which they hurled among tho attacking troops "In that bloody shambles, beneath the shifting glare of searchlights, the men battled like demons. Guns wore swunr bv tho barrel llko ancient war clubs. vt bayonets dripped with blood. The nlhl was pitch dark, thero being neither moon nor stars and It was difficult for each side to tell friends from foes. "The casemates became so slippery with blood that tho soldiers slipped and fed as they swung their rifles or pushed homo tho bayonet thrusts. "Tho Russians fought desperately, but wero forced to retire In the mcantrmt tho Austrian commander had telephoned to another section of tho works for re inforcements, but before they nrrlvtd tho Russians wero falling back. The Itui, slans loft HOO dead and wounded In th casements and ISO corpses on tho walls, "When I left tho Investment of Przem ysl was still In progress, with the Rus sians carrying on a violent bombardment Tho Russians had withdrawn nearly alt their troops from ono sldo nnd I wi able to slip through their lines nt night". AUSTRIAN GUNS SILENCED BY SERVIAN ARTILLERY Serbs Successfully Hold Previously Captured Positions. NISII, Servla, Oct 20. An nrtlllery duel on tho banks of the Danube nnd tho Save has been won by Servian guns, It Is announced by the War Olllee. Tho ofllclal statement follows: "In tho region of the Save, near Mltrc vltza, tho enemy, after a brisk artillery lire, attempted unsuccessfully to captur tho Servian position at Troklet, From tho heights of Dcjamla. tho Austrlani bombarded Topzldcr and tho banks of the Savo and tho Danube, and also sought to cannonade the vicinity of Semllrt, but" wero forced to retire before the Servian fire." A Ne Silver S ervice IN OLD ENGLISH STYLE J. E. CALDWELL & CO. 902 CHESTNUT STREET WM Woe For true 'MW-: fcTtf lei's? Car invention ' '$.' 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