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r; i i EVEHltfG MDaER-PmLADEkHIA, SATURDAY, OOTOBEB 24', 1914', ff SATURDAY EVENING REVIEW OF THE WEEK'S EVENTS HERE, THERE AND EVERYWHERE fe WEEK IN WASHINGTON Happenings in the National Capi tal of Legislative, Diplomatic and Political Interest. Xflth the etnffe set for the Adjournment tt Congress Thursday night, a filibuster hmong tho Southern Senators fighting for jvTderal relief of tho cotton plnntcrs do velopedf and on Friday both the House imd the Sonata were in n, state of com pete deadlock, not knowing when ad journment would come, and caring less. As a matter of fact, the vnst majority of Senators and Representatives havo al ready left for their homes, and only a handful are left In Washington to trans- net business. Speaker Clark called upon tho Presi dent Friday, nnd It Is understood advised JJm to use his constitutional prerogative of adjourning Congress. Other Senators and Representatives, seeing tho hopeless deadlock that had resulted through tho jMiour filibuster, led by Senator Iloko Smith, of Georgia, advised tho same course. Tho fact that there Is no quorum ,t present In Washington places It In the power of any ono man In Congress to block any effort to adjourn. Not in decades has a similar situation existed. Tho best In tho way of a com promise that can bo found1 Is to recess Congress for three-day poriods, so as to allow tho Senators and Representatives Who have already gono homo to stay there until after election. The war tax measure was passed nnd feigned by President Wilson with most of Gardner was delivering his war speech was Captain Hobson, of Alabama. Bos ton Transcript. A battle ilne Is not always the short est distance between two points. Los Angeles Express, At the Mexjcan conference General Villa embraced General Obregon, who was recently his prisoner, nnd kissed the llagj but as ho did not attempt to klsa General Obregon tho prospects of peace nro growing brighter every hour. New York World. Tho Senate turned a deaf enr to tho cotton, farmers. Full of their product, maybe. New York Evening World. . If Holland gets Into tho war Holland will pull In tho ocenn. If Germany vio lates tho neutrality of Holland by using the River Scheldt the Kaiser will get in Dutch. Knickerbocker Press. Llfo on tho ocean wavo Is no longer what It was In tho days of hearts of oak. The submnrlno terror has made ships of war little better thnn precarious ly iloatlng cofllns, and no very cheerful sea songs nro likely to bo produced un der tho now order. Springfield Republican. Ragtime popular on Broadway fnlled to cheer tho Immigrants detained at Ellis Islnml. though tho opening bars of "America" brought them to their feet In stantlyi But these, of course, wcro not American citizens. Now York World. "Vcnl, vMI, vlcl" wasn't much more laconic than tho two wireless messages sent by Captain Cecil Fox, of tho Brit ish cruiser Undaunted, the first reading: "Am pursuing four German destroyers," nnd tho Bccond, "Sunk tho lot." Boston Globe. PRESIDENT'S -OPEN LETTER ' - - I I I I I I I I I I !.. t WATCHFUL WAITING -From tho New York Sun. tho Senate amendments. Including tho JLW tax on beer, remaining In It. Tho Class bill, providing moans for relieving the financial stringency now existing through allowing national banks to Issue emergency currency on 100 per cont. of their unimpaired capital and surplus, and the Lever bill, providing for Government inspection of cotton warehouses, failed of passage, much to the disappointment of President Wilson. Should Congress re main In session, however, It Is posalblo these bills may bo pushed through. They are almost essential In tho present situa tion, tho President believes. The Department of Justice announced that arguments In Its suit for tho dis solution of tho Lehigh Volley Railroad Company, the Lehigh Valley Coal' Com pany and the Lehigh Valley Coal Sales Company had been set for November 11, In the Southern District Court of New York. The Government contends that these companies are operating In viola tion of tho Hepburn commodities cluuse cf the Interstate commerce act, and prays for their separation. The relation of the United States to the European conflict underwent a new phase this week, when Great nrltaln at first assumed a new policy In regard to American oil steamers carrying petrol to the neutral natlonH nt Eurnnn. Thiwn American tank steamers, all belonging to the Standard Oil Company, were cap tured by British crulsers-the Brlndllla, the John D. Rockofeller and tho Platurla. One of these, the John D. Rockefeller, captured off tho Orkneys, was released m the result of a vigorous protest by the United States. Oreat Britain Is extremely anxious to ep gasoline out of Germany. It is recognized, of course, that oil going to xtM 'Scandinavian countries, to Holland ana to Denmark may be transshipped Into uniany, and the British Government la absolutely determined to prevent this, as f la vttal t0 the Prosecution of the German campaign. Proper assurances k V?" olnB t neutral countries from tne United States will remain there will J required by Great Britain in tha luture, and it la expected the State De partment will co-operate with Downing street In obtaining these assurances both "? the consignor and the consignee. u 5'elIle&n situation developed no new Phase, except that General Villa, haH been reconciled with many of his former ene jniei at the Aguas Callentes convention. ?va Peaceful settlement of his troubles with General Carranza is In eight. Dls- "ct Progress was made In tho negotia nt jcarlng upon the American evacua tion of Vera Cruz. General Agullar. rep. "sentlng the Mexico City Government, v i to General Funston, American com .. J ,h MoK,can seaport, the guar- i..!V American Government had In J.I t. "Pon-namcly, that all Mexicans wtio had participated in the American aamlnlstratlon of Vera Cruz should be -anieea immunity from molestation oy any faction, and that there 3hould bo ! ?"! Ueaa ot customs duties col itm! ?' th American regime. These ,.?, pave lh9 way ' a departure rm Veracruz it an early date. EDITORIAL BREVITIES wHteaX."r reinforced corps of French of wl' - 3,1Bt repuUed tha articles ium " i th 3 German savants. Tho laii. " b strewn with mangled um- and accent.-New York 6un. iMiJn,1nln who " red ex vsim oa Wi oo while Congressman Comment From Various View points on a Laudatory Review of the Work of Congress. Editorlnl comments on the letter written early this week by President Wilson to Mr. Undorwood are of a more sharply partisan tone than has been noticed here tofore In tho treatment of Executive messages. Thus, tho bprlngfleld" Union speaks of "Mr. Wilson's fulsomo praise ot his Congress," nnd suggests that the "teamwork" on which tho President lays much stress Is duo to tho fact that "tor most of the tlmo Congress has .been -at work tho President has constituted vir tually tho whole team." The New York Press, In similar vein, calls the letter an "electioneering screed," and "electioneer ing dodger," to which the nnswer must be n Republican victory "against that death breeding tnrlff." Tho Baltimore Evening Sun, on the other hand, refers to Its "words of sober ness and tiuth, based on so broad a foun dation of national service that It rises far beyond a mero partisan appeal," nnd tho New York Evening Post admits that It would no hard to gainsay the Presi dent's nsncrtlon that tho Democratic or ganization Is the only Instru: .cnt which tho country can effectively use at present. This Is one of tho most graceful and glowing tributes nn Administration has over paid to Itself, and couched as it Is In tho choice phraseology of which tho President Is a conceded mactor, It may be moro or less effective to tho end designed, which Is tho encourngement of voters In constituencies where tarlu slashing, lack of employment, Industrial depression nnd tho consistently hostile attitude of the Ad ministration toward business have brought tho Democratic party Into less favor thnn It enjoyed two years ago. Rochester Post-Express. There Is lnexorablo logic rather than partisanship, therefore. In Mr. AVIlson's statement that If tliero Is to bo furthor progress at this time the party which chances to be united, strong nnd "full of tho zest of sober achievement" mUBt re tain control of Congress, In spite of all that may bo said In behnlf of "a party upon which a deep demoralization has fallen," or "a party which has not grown to tho stature that would warrant Its as suming the responsible burdens of state" -New York World. As the leader of his party President Wilson appeals today to the country in Its behalf. In his letter to Mr. Under wood ho limits himself to a direct com mendation of three pieces of legislation the tariff law, tho banking and currency law and the anti-trust legislation this latter Including the Clayton bill and tho trade commission bill. And surely that is a remnrkable and a very commendablo record of constructive legislation. Indian apolis News. SS8RT'A m.'T9mteKmLmE0M!MB& 'Zte&irW'r-i':' ;io g'i.; j ATJKiS'iWKtfrj &aBmHatotttKttW92mwiS' v m a v&lWr-fflWlfiflWirtB COURSE OF THE EUROPEAN WAR !fc'...ii.v,. i-Aii.'fl:iiiwtll ?S-wtwa)2MWWda T.'-,i:w-:-:' axw-w- BELGIUM From the New York Tribune. What Mr. Underwood calls tho Presi dent's "magnificent leadership" has thus placed tho Administration and tho party supporting It In a position whero real quiet nnd freedom from further harass ment by lawmakers can bo promised to business interests for almost three years to como. Mr. Wilson is the Incontestable leader of tho Democratio party, nnd ho regards tho work of his administration nlong business lines as substantially fin ished. Ho Is no longer the disturber. Springfield Republican. ALASKA COAL LANDS While tho full text of the Alaska coal leasing bill has not been given out, the brief synopses of It that have been pub lished no doubt Indicate Its general char acter. Tho mero fact that it is a leasing bill Introduces a novel feature, and to the pioneer elrment, upon which tho de velopment of the territory depends. It puts up a proposition with which It is not fa miliar. It Is a very taut and tough string that the Government holds In Its hands under tho arrangement that has finally been decided upon. In opening up now mineral lands of any description tho par ties engaged In tho undertaking assume Inrge risks. The coal lands are to bo leased In tracts of 40 acres or multiples, not exceeding C850 acres, to a single in dividual or company and the duration of the lease Is not to exceed DO years. The Government is to receive not less thnn 2 cents per ton for the coal mined, while tho maximum that It may exact is un limited. Boston Transcript, Tho bill is most welcome as a step toward tho development of Alaska's nat ural resources and as ending the tie-up from which that Territory and its people have suffered for eight years as the re Bult of the acrid controversy between tho extreme "conservationists" and their opponents. Chicago Herald. Criticism of what appear to be weak points In the coal leasing bill may be sus pended for the time. As a whole, the idea Is worthy of support It Is believed that safeguards have been erected against monopoly, and this Is most Important. The success of the leasing schemo can no more be foreseen than the success or failure of the Government railway. Con ditions In Alaska are unlike those In the United States A conservation or trans portation program might fall In Utah or Mississippi or any other State, and yet be successful in Alaska. The next few years should demonstrate the wisdom of current legislation or reveal Its defects. Springfield Republican. POLITICS IN PENNSYLVANIA Progress of the State Campaign. Significant Incidents and De velopments of the Week. By far tho most sensational political event of tho week was the charge brought against Senator Penroso by tho North American. That paper accused Pen rose with treachery to tho Vares and other lieutenants In a secret ngrccmont, and asserted that ho con fessed to tho editors of the North Amer ican that he had contributed to a fund of $19S,000 to debauch ex-Mayor John E. Reyburn. State Sonator James P. Mc Nichol and Congressman William S. Vare were named as tho other contributors to the fund. In spite of repeated challenges to re fute tho charges, Penrose failed to do so, beyond Issuing a general donlal and pour ing a sea of vituperation upon tho heads of his accusers. He also failed to show any Intention of haling his accusers Into court on tho chnrge of libel. Senator James P. McNlchol endeavored to brush tho charges aside by ridiculing them. Senator Varo said that ho would remain loyal to the party and supoort Its candidates. After keeping Bllent on the subject for four days. Congressman William S. Varo rose to a question of personal privi lege on the floor of the House of Repre sentatives, denying any participation In the alleged corruption fund and demand ing that Senator Penrose deny ever hav ing made the statement attributed to him by tho North American. Senator Penrose again made a general statement, but avoided tho specific points on which Con gressman Varo demanded nn explanation. President Wilson, In a letter to Powell Evans, of Philadelphia, gave his unquali fied Indorsement to the candidacy of Rep resentative Palmer. The President's let ter was not written at tho request of Mr. Palmer. The President snld In part: "I have seen Mr. Palmer tested; I know his quality. Pennsylvania ought to ac cept and trust him, and through him play a proper part in the constructive work of a new generation." Sonator George W. Norrls, of Nebraska, announced in Washington that he would come to Pennsylvania to fight Senator Penrose. Senator Norrls said: "It Is tho first duty of the Republican party to destroy Penroselsm. As a Re publican Senator I consider it a duty to my conscience, a duty to decent citizen ship and a duty to popular government to oppose with all my power the re election of Boles Penrose to the United States Senate." In an address at Erie befors 1B0O mtm Colonel Theodore Roosevelt urged the election of Glfford Plnchot to the Sena torshlp nnd Vance C. McCormlck to the Governorship. Ho bitterly assailed Pen- RAILROAD RATE HEARINGS AGAIN Editorial Views on the Question Which is Now Before the Inter state Commerce Commission. Reconsideration of tho plea by the rail roads of tho country for permission to raise rates began on Tuesday and edi torial comment on the plea, which Is backed bv tho American Bankers' A.n. elation, has been remarkably unanimous. In New York, the Times, World, Tribune, Press and Sun, ordinarily miles apart, agree that the appeal should be granted. Tho Boston Transcript and the Rochester Post Express aro of the same opinion. Upholders of Mr. Brandols have not yet appeared In the editorial columns, and if it depended on editors alone, the case would be won already. The Interstate Commerce Commission needs to enlarge Its vision and deal in the broadest national spirit with the rate question. Starving tho railroads Is a. dead policy. In going liberally to their assistance tho commission would help materially in tiding the oountry ovor the present economical crisis, New York Tribune. The President has recently consented not to push certain legislation that he had had In mind, affecting the roads. Cer tulnly. in thus receding from his purpose his conviction of their embarrassment must be very strong. We can recall no other protest of business that has had any efTcct upon him. He is anxious that relief In some form shall be extended to them and we know of no other form than that In which It Is asked that will lift them out of their difficulties. Boston Transcript. Now the net earnings of 455 roads for 1911 have fallen fllO.914.OtS below those for 1913, the comparison being for the fiscal years ended with June. Meanwhile the community has come to see that the com mission has misjudged the situation, and the commission Is much of the sam opinion, unless signs are misleading. The fact that the commission is wllllnr to hear argument contrary to two decisions is one sign of a tendency toward recon sideration. New York Times. From a public point of view the use of railway dividends Is to attract capital from private to public use. If every dollar of dividend were taken from the shareholders it would atlll be necessary for the railways to find fresh capital. It Is only by tho use ot still more capital that the country can get Its commerce carried In the futuro as In the past New York Times War In Europe merely accentuates tho plight of tho railroads, which are suffer ing from too much taxation, too much political agitation, too muoh harmful legislation, such as the full-crew laws, and from the higher cost ot supplies and constantly Increasing payrolls. With In come outstripped by outgo, the greatest of American Industries Is in no position to borrow money for betterments or to renew old loans, and the whole world finds in the prices of American railroad securities proof of the distrust with whlr-h WoriaT It8"'X "W UuaUon-Nw York ."Mister, when yer through with that, would j mind pumpWup fer us? roso as tho man who had put Pennsylva nia on tho map as a bad spot. A canvass rrmdo by tho Evenino Ledger showed a rapid growth of the local option movement In Pennsylvania. Speaking In Chester i.nd Media, Doc tor Brumbaugh again emphasized the fact that tha Republican party In Pennsylva nia offered a definite program of reform. If elected to tho governorship, ho said, his utmost endeavor would bo to carry out that program and to write It Into the annals of tho Commonwealth "on a page of four years of clean, capable, conscien tious administration of her public affairs." Doctor Brumbaugh declared himself in favor of progressive labor leg islation. In an address at Sharon, Congressman A. Mitchell Palmer severely condemned calamity howllngs of Senator Penrose and tormed Penrose a "business assassin ator." Threo and four times as many voters as cast ballots In -j12 were shown to be registered In Fayetto County, the home of Stato Senator William E. Crow, Re publican Stato chairman and tho man who manages Penrose's campaign. A Citizens' Committee in charge of the In vestigation Into the rratter Issued a state ment to tho effect that between 5500 and 3000 names would be stricken off the reg istration lists of tho county before elec tion day. IN COMMERCE AND FINANCE Events Illustrative of Present Busi ness Conditions and Indicative of the Future. Tho rehearing of the Eastern freight rate case began before tho Interstate. Commerce Commission in Washington on Monday. Daniel 'VVllIard, chairman of tho Presidents' Committee, who led the fight of tho railroads for higher revenue in the previous ense beforo the commission, again acted In tho same capacity. He was the first one to take tho stand In be half of tho railroads. Mr. Wlllard laid great stress on tho effects of the Euro- Military and Navnl Operations Considered in Relation to tho General Situation. War operations In northern Franc and Belgium during the last week woro more, spectacular than any previous campaigns of the great European conflict. With heavy forces tho Germans, after captur ing Ostend, made a terriflo dash down tho coast of Belgium Into France, and wero headed toward tho strongly fortl flod city of Dunkirk. This movement the Allies effectively checked. The escape of the Belgian army from Antwerp and Its juncture with tha Frenoh and British left wing1 was a re markable feat. Tha Belgians bore much of the brunt of the German rush. So stubborn was the resistance of the Allies that tho Germans havo been beaten far back inland. A distinctly new featuro of the opera tions was the part played by British warships In the English Channel. Moni tors of light draught ran close In shore and shelled the German trenches so ef fectively thnt retreat was forced. Counter-movements by the Allies threaten the Gorman forces which swept down tho coast. Courtral has been re ported occupied by tho Allies. If this Is true, a deadly wedgo has been driven nnd tho Germans may bo cut off from the main body of their troops. If the present movement of the Allies succeeds, the Germans will he forced to fall back to another battle line. The French nre confldont thnt within a fow days their soil will bo freed from Invaders. Threats of an Invasion of England from Ostend and Dunkirk as bases wera current during tho week, but with the seeming failure of tho German movement along the coast fears on that score wefo' relieved. Reports persist, however, of & contemplated Zoppelln raid on London. Tho French continued on tho offensive In Alsace. Tho Austro-Gcrman advance against Wnrsaw has duplicated in reverso order tho details of last week, when this force was hurled back SO miles to the bases at Lodz, after coming within five miles of tho Polish capital. This week tbo Ger mans wero forced still further toward their own frontier and then turned for a fresh offensive, which brought them within seven miles of the gates of 'War saw. Tho now advance has been checked, according to Petrograd advices, but tha Kaisor's nrmy has evidently withstood attempts to drlvo it back again to Its base. The Berlin version of tho cam paign Is that tho Russians have failed to check tho Invasion of Poland and that Warsaw uhortly must succumb, opening tho road to Petrograd. Civilians havo been advised to leave Warsaw by tha Russian authorities, tho Berlin War Of fice declares. The Galician campaign has been waged by the rejuvenated Austrian army with vigor. Many positions In the moun tainous country east of the San hava been retaken after stubborn fighting, nnd tho Russians have yielded ground so con siderably that apparently they must soon retreat across the Polish frontier. The Allies' fleet has reduced an outer fort of Cattaro and forced the Austrian fleet Into the harbor. The city is un der bombardment from a nearby moun- '. ri iijvv: vj. -.!' ai'TiriiVirirtvir3-z-r ALatMcr"- tor j fli&fiii Ipf jM Fa W ilSaw &P$Sk WEm m w m, wmBSt sag afcy nv&ImMYwvp2sfvTi r'ttr i ' - -J.i, . i.-.M NATIONAL DEFENSE It still remains to be seen whether the country has "taken much Btock" in Rep resentative Gardner's speech In the House on the "woeful stato of unpreparedness" of this country In the event of war. Editorials on tho subject which approve Captain Gardner's speech emphasize his attack on tho inefficiency of methods rather than on the Insufficiency of means. Tho Kansas City Star goes farther and says, "Tho Issue raised by Representative Gardner Is not one of militarism or nntl mllltarlsm; It is one of self-protection." The New Yorlc Evening Journal, In a characteristic editorial, travels tho whole road with Congressman Gardner and goes lurtner. Tbo St. Louis Post Dispatch indicates tho futility of Increased prep aration at the very time when all mili tary preparations are being called Into question; the Nebraska State Journal pokes unlimited fun nt "the wild yells which nnnounco the advent of the night marcs due to tho European war," and the Louisville Courier-Journal says. "Thero would seem to bo little hurry to reorganize and none at all to misblllze our military establishment" In view of the Impoverished condition of all our posalblo enemies after the present con flict. By the time Mr. Gardner's scarecrow ot Itself ready to fight such armament as wo might now acquire would probably bo obsolete. But may we not hone that some moral Influence will emanate from the disasters which have come UDan everv part of Europo? After the destruction and carnngo which of tho nations en gaged, however vicious, will want to go to war again, and. especially to come against us? Louisville Courier-Journal. And the duty of this country is to work and maintain peace by paying tho uniy price mat can uuy peace adequate defense, a great, powerful navy on the water, under the water, and In the air and an nrmy sufficient for coast defense) and so organized to Include a great num ber of trained officers, able as quickly as posslhle to transform a courageous citi zen into an efficient soldier. Now York Journal. If Mr Gardner's plan would lead to the takln? of our penrral problem of de fense out of the hands of the politicians In Conqresi. out of tho hands of the so called experts of the service, and put It all under the charge of broad-gaugo.l and wlde-visloned statesmen of acquaint ance with world problems and world needs, vrt believe he would havo made an admirable suggestion. Boston Herald WSM Wis? m r .r- 11 if mm II II ra $6 tFicou mm 1 M I P Aiif&ZtLL ocr that vmm tnulU vb fifl If K), I if 1 life " S55W Swc IMS' iiSSOKiV - Frnm tho Washington Eventne Star. ADJOURNMENT (MIDWEEK VIEW) From the Npw Tr-rk Wort. our football MATTERS OF BUSINESS The country's interest In the war Is unabated, but It has turned to fresh chan nels In the last week. The reported sell. uro of an American vessel by tho French orousht up the question of American commercial rights In the war. but ti,.r i appears to be no Jingoistic sentiment and l not even the deepest dyed of yellow Jour nals have "declared war." The country seems to be mora Interested In the benef tcent efTeeta of the war on national ex ports and general prosperity. nn,i these matters North. South, East and West. Republican, Democrat and Pro- ereebive. are as one. The "rising tl.ieJ. of exports." accordlns to the New Yor nnn- ... v "'at inere is a golden lining to the war cloud," and the shower of gold affects a great variety of Inter ests In agriculture and manufacture. Even from the South, harried by its cot ton troubles, the Savannah Mutnlna News discerns "steps toward prosperity," par ticularly In a new diversification of crop In the South and extmui.i i.,,,-.i,, ,.. of manufactures. The return of a bal ance of trado in favor of this country. 'or lne "" "me 'nco Manb. Is noted ujr UU4U; papers 4 toward prosperity. pean war. Ho said that It has seriously affected credit, the earnings of the rail roads and business in general. Rankers and stock brokers In New York cxprsseu tne opinion on Tuesday that forces tain. Montonegrin-Servlan still advancing on Sarafavn. The most important naval engagement was off the coast of Holland. Four Ger man tornedoboat destroyers were Bunk the decision of tha commission in th. i bV Zrii ,.k" ".?" "?,"." .we B" 5. St C.t RsonanS'ls. A favorable , the Gorman torpedoboat S-W sank th? tinned this week under rulings of commit- l So?..i . Pursued by Japanesa tees, as it has been IXtol E"a I rlddfed' ?hen wlthe8he.hf roUn1- U W" time. The greater part was tn bonds. I i,f h.5 . . . 8heI1.s generally of short maturity. ' Italy has landed marines In Albania to Sir George Palsh. former editor nf th P.ttet lu interests. Italian officials d. London Statist and now financial ad. :L , AIDanln intervention does not alter vtscr of the British Government. wno jj, in this country conferring u-lth intmn. tional bankers on the ilnancial situation of tho world, expressed optimistio views while in Now York on Tuesday. He said that It was his belief that tha present problems of international exchange will soon be solved, and tho balance of trade will again swing to the Tinted States making the payment of gold to England unnecessary. Money markets continued to work ci. . especially as to commercial paper, ii i ch virtually all of th hniin... i btiii.- done, there being very few call and time money transactions. Fureign ex change lates sagged off slightly and Ger man marks made a new low record of 3L On Tuesday a two-day conference lw, gan in Washington between the Federal Reserve Board and the directors of the 1. new regtonal reserve banks, terminat ing on Wedneday evening. Plans for the opening and operation of the banks were discussed. It was tentatively agrwd to open th banks on November 30 Figures given out by the New York Custom Hous showed that German? road goods to the, vain of Jl us Taair. rued in New York ln September.' dlrSot from Germany. Ttu. imports inducted dyesiuifs. chemicals and textiles The weekly statement of the Philaiii. ?."' V " "ous ASSOC i, ti l showed I tu. ,w.r...l h Utci'.ife. , K aio.iMW I f-m !.. i , th-ir general policy of neutrality The South African revolt of Colonel Murlts against Ureat Britain apparently lias been quelled. that the reserve ittm nriin-S nlu"3.!CK Vl" ' ' MllsUtutUn of .::,:: :t- 'mnt had not PRORLEJr OF COTTON The passage of the war tax bill through the benate without the proviso which would force the United States to raise a quarter of a billion dollars from bonds in order to aid the cotton producers, has vrved only to stimulate Interest in the cotton situation. The Cincinnati En quirer, among Northern papers, strongly favored the bill. Of those opposed to It. the New York World refers to the bill as a "precedent that would arise ti plague this country fur generations," and the Detroit Frse Press calls It "one of the, worst scheme -er proposed for tha American Ojvernunt The New YorK Times, editorially deprecating ao scheme which would take- the cotton out of cli. euUtlon on an artificial basis, says: "To get the cotton out f sight It must be nut Into cloth " v Opinion in tha South is by no mans urmoanous. The Atlanta Constitution de !, that tha South seeks special aid. but , insists that "loi.il uiuvunwiu m.. .,. . buy-a-bal-of-cof ,u pkin, have mn lu- adequate" and r. nt-m mental relief must tne ",aivpton Iijlly i"J farrnliia- tha. i.i. 'Oro cotton, pool an J tl ' Icleral jrs-r. M Mr it """" " i ss iijx -as I 5S to the economic frt '