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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, October 28, 1914, Night Extra, Image 10

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1914-10-28/ed-1/seq-10/

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emus it k crrvns. r-srstoisT.
Oto. TV. Oclis, Secretary, John C. Martin, Trcsqrr:
Charles If. Ludlngton. Philip S Collins, John D. Wil
liams, Director!.
" i
Cues H. K. Otitis. Chairman.
P. II. WltALET Executes Editor
.General ltutlncs Manager
Published dally at Pestle Ltroeji Building-,
Independence Square. Philadelphia.
Ltnota Cisnu Broad and Chestnut Streets
ArtASTIC ClTt PrMS-l'nfcm Building
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Ciucauo SIT Home Insurance Building-
LonMK S Waterloo Pluoe. Tall Mall, S. W.
Harmsbcko Dt beat The ratriot Rulldlnr
WASMlNatox nrwsAtr The Tost Building
Xbw YonK ntsnic The Tiniri Building
tteat.ljf nrnrr m Frllrlolistra?e
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By carrier. Pamt Os.t. K ient ttr mull, postpaid
outside nf Philadelphia except where foreign postage
Is required, Daiit omt one month, tncnty.flve cents;
Dailt Oxt.T, one ar. three dollars. All mall sutv
serlptlons pajable In adianee
KnsiOE.M.L 3000
W Addnst nil rommunfrallons to Evening
Ledger, Indtptndtvce Squarr, Philadelphia.
NTtacn ATins pint APRtrntA rosTorrtcs as second
rt.s Mitt. U4TTr.ll.
PHIUDF.I.PIIIA. m.r.smv. OCllint.H 2(1, lot I
Let Them Beware
THERE have been campaigns before this
In Pennsyhnnla in which huge "slush"
funds were raised and spent. There have
been campaigns before this the expense of
which came In largo part out of rum bottles.
Hut there has never been it campaign In
Pennsylvania In which so many determined
men wore engaged, personally and otherwise,
in watching the sources of funds and the use
made of them.
If Mr. Penrose is elected on the face of the
returns, he will find awaiting him at Wash
ington complete evidence, duly authenticated,
of the means by which he managed to secure
an apparent plurality. That testimony would
be so complete and convincing that not a
dozen Senators from the whole United Statei
would dare vote In favor of seating Mr.
There are men working hard for Mr. Pen
rose who can well afford to pray for Ills de
feat. They would not cut very pretty figures
on the witness stand In Washington.
Protection of What?
AN INQUISITIVE citizen asked a Penrose
supporter, who was talking nothing but
protection, thli question:
"If Penrose's campaign is financed by an
assessment on every barrel of beer and bot
tle of whisky, who aro likely to be tho bene
ficiaries of the Penrose brand of protection?"
No answer was attempted.
Excesses in War
TT7AR is a vestige of barbarity. It is the
V T Irruption of the brute instincts normally
held In check by the constraints of civiliza- ,
tion. When armies crow so Inrirp that tho
unit of a million is in almost every dispatch,
and when the battle line covers a frontage
of many hundreds of miles, it is inevitable
thnt snm. nnrto nf .. vo. rn.mi.in.. -..m
occasionally get out of hand and sag down
or nark back to primitive savagery.
Probably the reports of both sides have !
been exaggerated. Nerves are unstrung In
tho midst of such a terrific struczlo. and
even the most temperate of observers will
overestimate and misreport. When tho war
is over we are likely to find that on the
whole, measured by the opportunity and the
provocation, there was a truly laudable re
straint on each side.
Roosevelt's Crusade Against Penrose
THE tremendous enthusiasm that Is greet
ing ex-President Roosevelt is not simply a
tribute to the redoubtable Colonel, but It is
an Indication that the people are with him
in his main contention. It is pretty certain
that If Dimmtck had been nominated by the
Republicans at the primaries Roosevelt
would not have come Into the Commonwealth
during this campaign.
Time after time, and with unabated em
phasis, Roosevelt has charged Penrose with
being the chief cause of the revolt In the Re
publican party. And as long as Penrose
stays In the party Roosevelt and his lnrge
following will stay out. The two are abso.
lutely Irreconcilable. The Colonel's sledge
hammer blows at Penrose will be effective.
Many thousands of those who followed his
leadership in 1012 will show their allegiance
by splitting their ticket this year. No won
der tho Penrose dynasty is quaking on its
Jails, the Dentist's Paradise
HOW the mad wag doth ever travel by the
side of .Mr. Earnest Good' Take, for
instance. Councils' tardy decision that there
must be money for dental as well as medical,
sen-ice in the county jails. Nothing could
be sounder social policy or more earnestly to
be commended And yet in pops the motley
fool with the piquant questions Why add a
cruel and unusual punishment to the poor
prisoners' unhappy lot? Why create a den
tist's paradise filled with compulsory
patients who can't put off the. day of reckon
ins? Or perhaps social satire raises Its head,
with the acrid observation that the law
breaker of the submerged tenth will now en
Joy physical health that is bcond the means
of many of his "free" fellows
All of which only proves this dental re
form the better policy, daughter makes
laws human
Angel or Devil, Which
THE United States Steel Corporation a
fair competitor, a philanthropist toward
its employes, a good Samaritan in the realm
of finance, an immaculate example of law
enforcing business!
The United States Steel Corporation a
monopolist, a feudal tyrant within Us own
plants, an Ishmael in the commercial world,
a clever trickster In its relationships with the
Who can tell which characterization Is cor
rect? No one Is ever so good as his friends
aver or so bad aa his enemies charge. Thts
I likewise true of corporations. But It Is the
business of the courts to decide In the case,
and the decision should be clear and final,
not only for the sake of the United States
Steel Corporation but on behalf of tha pub
lic mind, which craves certainty in these in
dustrial controversies.
Every Man His Wife's Voting Machine
ONE piece of topsy-turvy logic plus a doce
of devil's advocacy equals an anti-suffrage
sermon in Atlantic City
First the lr ".Look at the horrible things
done In rngiand Tr-e gentleman speaks of
window arpashlrg- rtr fnrr!M. feeding- Tea.
Erfci h w m- v. , r ' U -"-r.- ";
desperate acts to win the, vote. The deduc
tion Is surely obvloua: "They would do them
here If they had the vote."
As for Mephlato 11. Devil, nttorney-at-law,
he turns up In that oldest and vilest of argu
ments, the "indirect Influence" atrocity. For
It i an atrocity, a vile atrocity. It Is not
necessary to ask tho reverend gentleman to
arrange tho world so that every woman has
a human voting machine in her house. It Is
only necessary to picture such a world of
plendlng, cajoling, dickering wives hent on
improving their neighbors by demeaning
themselves and depriving their husbands of
their franchises. Why not supply enough
votes to go around?
j Fraud Will Out
THE EVknintj Lkdcjkr Is performing a pub
lic service In outlining the case which has
been nnd Is being prepared against Mr. Pon
rose for presentation to the Senate. Tho
evidence already presented to the committee
was so convincing that a majority of tho
members entertained no doubt whatover of
tho necessity for a thorough Inquiry. It
seemed wise to them, however, not to hold It
until after election.
Citizens of Pennsylvania who are about to
cast their ballots are entitled to know, nev
ertheless, what the facts are. Tho enormous
sums being raised to elect Mr. Penrose nro
presumptive evldenco of fatal Irregularity.
The technical devices used to conceal the
amount of these sums and to escape account
ing for them raise grave doubts. Tho con
spiracy of bipartisanship which has brought
Into tho Penrose camp the whole army of
whisky Democrats Is a notice to Independent
voters of the menace to American Institu
tions Involved In this election. The wanton
padding of the icglstratlon books Indicates a
purpose to overthrow tho will of the peoplo
by fraud.
If such a campaign should succeed In this
State, the Senate waits. It will get the evi
dence, hide not one bit of it, care not what
names are tarnished or what reputations de
stroyed. It Is a good time for good men to
beware of their associations.
Business Outlaws Booze
IN INDUSTRY and in politics liquor plays
tho same part. It cripples one Just as It
debauches the other. It makes a bad
workman as surely as It makes n bad voter.
That and nothing else Is the koy to the
progress of antI-"booze" sentiment through
the country.
The latest commercial convert to tompcr
ence Is tho Illinois Steel Company, an organi
zation employing 10.000 men. It has placed
in electric signs over the entrances to Its
plant three pertinent questions:
Did booze wer do you any good?
Did booze over get you a better Job?
Did booze ever contribute anything to
the happiness of your family?
The company's campaign doe3 not stop
rith such warnings or with lectures and
moving pictures along the same lines. It has
installed milk stations to supply a substitute.
Misrepresenting Brumbaugh
THE opponents of Doctor Rrumbaugh know
that they haven't the slightest chance of
beating him on the ground of personal char
acter, olflclal record or effective administra
tion. Their only hope lies In confusing tho
Issues nnd befogging the voter?. In spite
of Brumbaugh's reiterated nnd doubly em
phasized advocacy of local option, they nro
trvlng by dovlous ways to link him with tho
liquor interests.
Although Brumbaugh has stated that he
is drawing no money from the Penroso
"slush" fund, thoy are endeavoring to tie him
up with tho underground financiering of the
Organization. And well known as it is that
PenroBe did not want Brumbaugh to head tho
State ticket because he is unbossed, unboss
able and amply capable of making his own
platform, nevertheless they are Juggling a
connection that does not exist. Brumbaugh
Is as different from Penrose as day is from
night. He belongs to tho new order of pub
lic servants free. Independent, constructive,
humanitarian and moral.
IF REPUBLICANS who abhor Penrose on
moral grounds elect him by their pro-tariff
votes, they will only send a man to the Sen
ate who, if by a miracle he kept his seat,
would bo bound and gagged for the next six
If Penrose is re-elected there will be a
divided Republican vote In Pennsylvania In
1916, and the country will have a Democratic
Administration for another four years.
If Penrose does not take criminal action
against those who have charged him with
political crimes, nil men who love honor will
behove him to be guilty.
If the Vares do nothing more than make
a protest In Congress, Philadelphia will con
clude that they haven't either the courage
or tho ability to save their own necks.
If Penrose Is elected on tho face of the re
turns, he will fill the boots of Lorlmer, and
the Democrats will get political credit for
Investigating him.
If I'enroso could betray the men who were
said to bo working with him in a guilty con
spiracy, then he certainly will not hesitate
to betray the respectable Republicans who
are blindly trusting blm for economic rea
sons. If Penrose had about a million dollars
available for campaign purposes, contributed
by the whisky ring ami the scared protec
tionists, why is the money not reported in his
campaign expenses?
Good Roads
HIGHWAYS are the arteries of social
Intercourse and economical distribution
of products. Although Pennsylvania has
spent vast sums of money through its High
way Department the roads of this Common
wealth are notoriously bad. This means not
only Inconvenience to the residents of rural
districts, but a high cost of food products for
city dwellers.
Doctor Brumbaugh has pledged himself to
reorganize the State Highway Department
In the Interest of every one and for the credit
of tha Commonwealth. Penrose hag been
mum on the subject because Blgelow has
been an Important and useful wheel In the
Organization machine.
Needless ta say, the postmaster who has
tried unsuccessfully to lose his Job for 11
months is not located In the Sunny South.
Today Doctor Brumbaugh exemplifies per
sonal liberty. In the finest possible way by
his repudiation of act unsought nomination.
"Allies Hold Own In France" calLs up the
thought that Germany is holding a little of
that "Own," too
According to present advices, England
seems to have taken on South Africa, to make
up f"r los'ng Ireland as a r"t of threatened
re. 1 '-i
Councils Sets Itself Against Better Living Conditions for Tenants A
Remedial Law Nullified Scornful Disregard of Those "Who Live in
Rented Homes Typical Case Showing How the People Arc Betrayed.
"The voice is Jacob's voice, bnt tho hands arc the hands ofEsatu"
"For there are eight evils connected with the use of a house. The great
tabor involved in. searching for materials and in the putting of them together
is ono evil. The constant care necessary to replace the grass, leaves and bits
of clay that fall down is a, second. Liability to interruption in meditation is
a third. The protection afforded against heat and cold renders the body deli
cate; this is a fourth. The cover it affords for disgraceful practices is a fifth.
The taking possession, saying, 'This it mine,' is a sixth. To have a'house is
like having a companion; this is the seventh. And the sharing of it with many
others, as for instance, with lice, bugs and lizards; this is an eighth. Buddha.
Better government in Philadelphia is being slowly strangled. The Blankcnburg
Administration of a few city offices expresses better government just as completely as
an anti-Tammany Administration does in New York. The cold fingers of "The Organ
ization," Philadelphia's Tammany, twisting dexterously through a pliable majority in
Councils and officials under control are pressing hard upon its windpipe. Unless
pried off by the people themselves, strangulation of better government must ensue. In
the modest palaces behind the myriad two-story red-brick fronts of working Philadel
phia dwell the real beneficiaries of better government. They pay the taxes. It is for
them to say how the public funds shalt be expended. Their support alone means
better government. The worst that can be said of people who toil is that they are
sometimes too tired to study a public subject SOMETIMES, NOT ALWAYS.
A MAN owns a horse, a poor old horse, that
has to work all day. His neighbor sees
this tired horse stabled each night In a leaky
barn. Insldo tho building there Is filth, no
light, and little nlr. The animal becomes so
emaciated the kind-hearted neighbor reports
tho case to the Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals. We heartily rejoice
when tho cruel owner Is arrested and yanked
Into court, for wc say tho animal has a right
to live, and a right to get proper housing. '
Ah, but that was a horse. It 1b different
with human beings, according to Councils.
"Why bother about tenants, nnywny?" say
the members. Tho interests of tenants are
of no importance compared with tho Inter
ests of "Tho Organization." Besides, tho
wholo housing program was under the wing
of tho Blankcnburg administration, and tho
"orders" from higher up were to smash it.
Thereupon, Councils bbldly defied the hous
ing law passed by the Legislature In 1913 to
protect tho tenants of Philadelphia from
landlords who failed to keep their properties
in such repair as to make them healthy
places to live in. By rofuslng to appropriate
funds necessary to put the law Into effect
the majority members completely nullified it.
It is now as good as dead, killed by Councils,
and waiting resurrection by the Ufe-glvlng
power of public opinion.
Astounding? Not at all. For remark!
Councils Is the fighting face of Jim McNlchol
and tho Vares. Hero aro tho health-giving
rights that rnn to tenants had Councils not
(1). To have a sink with running water In
every house, and In every apartment of two
or more rooms In a tenement house, if there
is a water main in the street.
(2). To have the houso directly connected
with the street sewer, and other independent
and unhealthy arrangements discontinued.
(3). To have broken plumbing repaired at
(4). To have unsafe stairs, lenky roofs and
similar defects repaired and kept in repair.
(6). To havo the cellar protected from be
ing flooded by ground water, and the rooms
protected from dampness due to defects In
tho walls.
(6). To have in a tenement houso the pub
lic halls nnd other spacts outside the apart
ments kept in a clean condition.
(7). To insist that no part of the building
he used as a sweatshop; and where manu
facturing is done, it must be under permit of
the Board of Health.
(S). To Insist that no material of easily ln
fiammablo character be stored In the building
so as to make a Are risk.
(5). To insist that every room shall havo n
window of ample size, opening to the outside
(10). To live with privacy and without the
promiscuous herding that Is recognized as
a prolific breeder of vice and crime.
The wnrds most affected by the housing
law are the 2d to 13th, inclusive, nnd the
16th, 17th, 18th and 30th. Their population,
according to the census of 1910, waa 3H.403.
They contain 64,489 houses. The total num
her rented Is 54,427. Summed up, there are
about 265,000 people in these wards living
in rented houses, all of whom would have
been benefited by the operation of the hous
ing law.
There are about 40,000 houses In Philadel
phia that are for rent. This oversupply of
dwellings Insures the certainty that any Im
provements forced by law would not have
raised tho rents. But Councils, acting for
the contractor overlords, pulled tho teeth of
the law by falling to provide funds for the
machinery to enforce the law.
Select Councilman Eduard Buchholz and
Common Councilman John P. Connolly took
special pride in helping smother the housing
law on personal grounds. The law combined
the three divisions of sanitation, house drain
age and tenement in tho Department of
Health and Charities Into tho single division
of housing and sanitation. At the head of
tho old sanitation division was Connelly's
relative by marriage, James F. McCrudden, at
$3000 a year, and at the head of the old tene
ment division was Buchholz's son, Arthur E.
Buchholz, at J2600 a year both were
liable to lose their jobs if the divisions were
merged; also the head of the old houBe drain
age division, Winfleld S. Reed, a protege of
David H. Lane, who had been enjoying $2400
a year.
Entrusted with the enforcement of the
new housing law for the Blankcnburg admin
istration waa John C. Moliter, at a salary of
$3500. He ought not to have been surprised
at opposition from the Councilmanlo Finance
Committee, with Connelly as chairman and
Buchholz as a member. But it will be Just
as well to set down the whole proceeding In
chronological order. Read this record:
July 22 Housing law approved by the Gov
ernor. September 18 Former Health and Charities
Director Neff sent a letter to Councils asking
that the Division of Housing and Sanitation
be organized In accordance with the law.
December 20 Philadelphia Housing Com
mission sent a letter to each Councilman,
calling attention to the mandatory character
of the law, and asking for action.
December SO Petitions presented to Coun
oils from the Ootavla Hill Association, Lib
eral Club, a group of clergymen and from a
meeting attended by delegates from 36 organ
izations affiliated with the Housing Commis
sion requesting action
January 1 Acting Health and Charities
P're'-'nr wllson treating the tnree neaas or
--i t n " -v- l-g'-sHtnl
out of ofTlce, nppolntcd Mr. Moliter head of
tho new division.
January IB Mayor Blankcnburg sent a
message to Councils asking for an appropria
tion to carry forward tho work under the
now housing law.
February 4 A mysterious taxpayer's suit
Is begun to onjoln the payment of salaries
under the new housing law for the ascribed
reason that no appropriations had been made,
by Councils for thnt purpose; also prohibiting
tho use of the funds provided for the old
threo divisions for that purpose.
February 5 An ordinance to appropriate
funds In accordance with tho law is read In
Common Councils and referred to tho Finance
February 27 John C. Moliter, the appointed
head of the new division of housing and sani
tation, brought a court proceeding to man
damus Councils to provide for his salary and
tho salary of the force under him.
February 27 District Attorney Rotan is
asked to permit the use of the Common
wealth's name In the mandamus proceedings
against Councils.
March B Common Council reported an
ordinance to crcato u division of housing
and sanitation by transferring the appropria
tion mado for tho threo former divisions, de
signating the Inspectors by their former
titles, but not providing for tho 100 inspec
tors required by tho law.
March IS The Mayor forwarded to Coun
cils a message pointing out tho nttempted
evasion of the law in tho proposed ordinance,
and submitting an amendment to It.
April 2 Tho Finance Committee reported
to Councils without recommendation an
nmended form of the ordinance creating tho
division. A letter was presented to Councils
ftom the College of Physicians requesting
April 16 Twenty-five civic betterment or
ganizations ask Councils to take action on
the housing law; the Mayor asked that tho
ordtnanco be amended, and thereupon Coun
cils recommitted tho ordinance to tho Finance
May 7 Finance Committee reported a bill
to abolish tho threo old divisions and create
the new one provided for by law.
May 22 Tho Supreme Court handed down
an opinion that until Councils appropriated
the money to finance the enforcement of the
law it was not operative.
June 11 The Mayor again asked Councils
to appropriate the money; ordinance was
given a second roadlng and referred to the
Finance Committee.
June 25 Councils adjourned without ap
propriating the moneys or creating the new
division as required by legislative act of July
22, 1913.
July 16 District Attorney Rotan consented
to allow the use of the name of the Common
wealth In tho institution of mandamus pro
ceedings for salary.
Seo with what ardor tho Councilmen look
after the welfare of the renting occupants of
tho two-story houses! See how they seize
the opportunity of working for the tenants'
in the crowded sections of tho city! They
represent tho people, do these Councilmen.
Tonight, they will bo telling It, unblushlngly
telling It. Oh! they are Immense, our Coun
cilmen If thoy were only out in Chicago, or
St. Louis, or somewhero else, we could well
laugh at their supremo assurance.
Each epoch Is summed up in a phrase tho
cry from the people in this, the ago of the
greatest density of population, is; "GIvo us
more light, more nlr, nnd better living con
ditions." We have no copyright on the
"housing question." It is the same in Eng
land, In Germany and In France, or was be
fore the present mad slaughter of men began.
MIS3 Octavla Hlir great fight In London to
bring beauty Into the homes of the poor, to
preserve open breathing spaces and enforce
sanitary reform, found early Imitators In all
large cities where bad housing conditions
European conditions have been found to
reproduce themselves in American cities, par
ticularly among the Hebrews from Russia.
It Is unfortunate that our centres of porAi-
latlon have so little to teach the aliens In
the way of reform. Thero have been no
serious attempts made In the United States
to deal with Insanitary areas as they havo
been dealt with In England, or to prevent
the creation of new ones by regulation and
planning of extensions as In Germany. Even
when we do get started In the right direc
tion as In the case of the new housing law
in Philadelphia there Is always politics,
business politics, blocking the way.
Why Interfere In the conduct of private
property? Because many of the future In
mates of blind asylums, tubercular hospitals
and prisons arc made from a childhood spent
amid defective living conditions. Darkness,
Impure air, dampness, dirt and dilapidation
are public enemies. They can be avoided
with proper drainage, adequate refuse re
moval, habitable dwellings and a reasonably
good water supply.
Poor people live In poor houses often for
the good reason they cannot afford to move
out. They are caught on the treadwheel of
life. Home begins and ends in the suffoca
tion of circumstances. It was to give such
victims an outlet- to fresh air, sunlight and
plenty of pure water that tho housing law
was fought for and won In the Legislature.
The contractor overlords who are opposed
to Mayor Blankenburg are not willing to
have the law made effective because It will
endanger some of their appointees, and
give W administration power to make some
,. n . .-.i nir ti,--s. xb?y are sure he !
appointments would bo mado on merit Thoy
do not want meritorious appointments. Thoy
want men In office they can use, men who
will writo a lying report about it bulldlnd
owned by aorno powerful friend of tho po
litical machine. So, not being able to nama
tho sort of men they want to do tho Inspect
ing, they lock tho door and keep the good
that Is In this law from spreading through
tho city. Perhaps, too, tho owners of so
called "slum" or rear proportles, realizing
now 15 or 20 per cent, on their "Invest
ments," have applied prcssuro or proaentod
Inducements to Councilmen, lost tho neces
sity for making improvements might reduce
their return to 10 or 12 per cent.
Lot thoso contractor overlords and these
cynical landlords stand forth before tho pub
lic In their truo colors. They dare not, Thoy
hide behind Councils. They plead that own
ers of property do not want tho housing law
mado operative. They try to unload tho re
sponsibility upon nbscntco landlords, ownora
with a small equity in 'tholr property and
real estate dealers. Absurd I
But wo can see through tho thin trans
parency of tholr trickery, Tho political
bosses aro only trafficking again traffick
ing thts tlmo with tho llfo blood of tho poor.
Tammany Hall would pausd beforo attempt
ing such cruel politics. No wonder wo hang
our heads when we explain to our friends
from afar of the difficulties now besetting
our good Mayor In tho City Hall. Fortu
nately he Is a patient man a Job standing
In tho shadow of William Penn.
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State and Nation.
To the Hdtlor of tht Evening Ltdgtr:
Sir I was Interested to read today the excel
lent account given of tho liquor trafflo In "The
Hands o Esau," and I was moro Interested to
note that It ended with a plea, not for prohibi
tion, but for what amounts to a regulated mo
nopoly of the liquor business, I have always
thought audi an arrangement far tho best. It
means that no personal liberty Is violated, while
at the same time the traffic and the manufac
ture of Intoxicants aro far better controlled
than Is possible by merely prohibitive law. But
f think you will admit that for tho United
States It would bo hotter If tho element of "dis
interested" citizens, who administer the Swedish
system, were dropped. Lot tho Government do
the business directly. HENRT ROOSE.
Philadelphia, October 26.
To the Editor o the Evening f,edgtr:
Sir Tho hope of Russia Is not In the prom
ises of tho Romanoffs, but In tho work and self
sacrifice of Its people, togethor with that of all
the other peoples of tho earth who aro today
fighting against monarchlsm and military par
venus. Tho Romanoffs and all that they rep
resent will bo relegated to the scrap heap, to
gether with tho Hohcnzollerns and the Haps
nurgs. And just as upon the ruins of tho
latter will rise a nobler system of democratic
government, so will upon tho ruins of tho Ro
manoffs rise a new, a free, a bettor Russia.
Philadelphia, October 23. S.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I have Just returned from Chicago, where
I havo been for several days, and where I mot
a number of men inteneely Interested In politics.
T found that the Evening Ledobu Is a frequent
topic of con creation among them. It was plain
to mo that your paper Is making a good many
people alt up and take notice.
Philadelphia. October 27.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir f have read with great interest your edi
torials on rum as sn issue In the political cam
paigns of many of the States. As you say, it Is
a business Issue as well as a moral one. Ah a
business man I know this to be the case, not
only because I cannot have drinking men In my
employ, but because the alliance of the liquor
Interests with crooked politics helps make gang
controlled government expensive.
Philadelphia, October X.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir The Innocent Bystander will please not
that although the brewers' big horses failed to
make a dent on a number of persons gathered
together yesterday ln Philadelphia, Bergdoll's
black auto ran down an apparently equally un
offending citizen at llavcrford; also that while
yesterday was Humane Sunday the worst Is yet
Philadelphia. October 26.
To the Editor of fh Evening Ledger:
Sir I beg to inform you I am a reader of
the Evenino Ledger, nnd admire the paper
very much, and find other evening papers have
nothing on the Evening Lbdckh,
Philadelphia, October 24.
Politics or Business?
Ftom th Mllaukeo Journal.
Dr. Martin G. Brumbaugh, who is running for
Governor of Pennsylvania, shows that he has
learned one great weakness in the administra
tion of the publlc'.s ljtiijlncsfl, when he says:
"U you want a political administration of your
public affairs, by which I mean nn administra
tion In which men shall be appointed to office
because they have tho Influence of one or two or
nix or ten men back of them, and tho only sup
port they have to th office Is tho friendship of
a group like that If that is the kind of an ad
ministration vou uant In Ponnsvlvunl,, i-m.
dbn't want to vote for mo for your Governor." !
It Is Eood to learn that candidates are ac
tually finding It worth wlillo to express such
principles. Of course, when a man Is appointed
to o 111 oo not because of special Illness, but be
cause of political Influence, It Is unfair to ex-'
pect that the work of the office will be as well
or as economically carried on as when a man Is
chosen for ability. At the same time, a higher
alary i likely to be asked. Regular work
tends to have a stundard of compensation. The
reward for political service Is what you can get.
We dtn't know uhetlier Doctor Brumbaugh
ought to bo elected, but If this were the Issue
there could certainly bo no doubt. He doesn't
howl "economy and efficiency"; he declares for
u policy that cannot help furthering economy
ona emciency.
'Ware Tartars
Prom the New Torlt Telegraph.
It Is reported that "when the Allies have con
quered Germany" they will compel tha Kaiser
to abdicate. It sounds easy; but first catch
the Kaiser.
In former days Madeira was known as the
Isle de Dabney. Coffin, tho nautical writer,
explains: "Becauso evor since the world waa
created the American Consul thero has been
named Dabney and has been kind o' been
king pin there, ownln' pretty nearly nil the
water front and beln" Consul and ship
chandler and merchant all cdmblned to
gether." Pig iron, or rather the name, Is derived
from the "sow" or channel into which tho
molten iron runs, the lateral branches being
called "pigs" The word "sow" has nothing
whatever to do with a pig. being derived from
the Saxon "sawan." to scatter.
"Burning your candle at both ends.'' This
saying arose out of the custom of burning
the rush light at both ends in order to give
a greater light. While a more brilliant Ilsht
was obtained, yet the rush itself lasted but
half the time. The rush plant was used as
a. wick and dipped in oil. It was twisted up
into a l'-shape and placed on a holder, both
ends being then lighted. The people were
very economical with light and It was con
sidered extravagant to burn the l'ght at both
"Ones upon n time thero was a place namM 1
ffltoson1?6 "VCd- SS 4
"Why don't you read something of con
temporaneous Interest?" interjected th"
event01"' WftB WCH P0BlcI on curren"
Tito Way Out
Ono way of getting Great Britain to re
lease our ships Is to tako John Bull by the
Tho King of the Pesta
The pest nnd tho boro are not hindered hv
season, '
ThandPfali "" '" W'nlcr' 8PrIn8"' mnX '
To strike at the balance of most people's rea
son And foitie even patient peace lovers to
Their plans are uncounted, their number In
They movo around singly, In groups they
They run round nt largo nnd Invnde every
And they may bo followed by marls'! of th
grouch, ,
Just now the chief peat who Is blatantly
And making us "Wish ho had never been
Is that ono who spends nil his leisure tlm
He takes n, cold bath every bleak winter
Outside Stuff
The novelty was "L,e Fcstln de rAralgnce." "
an Impressionistic melodic painting after the i
manner of Vincent d'lndy nnd his modern
French school. Without possessing any
ntartllng value, It, still, lent to tho prior anil
subsequent proceedings a spice of dlffercnne
that was grateful. Morning Paper Rovlew.
Tho point In this pnrtlcnlur caso being that
Emesco's "Rumanian Rhapsody" nnd not
"Lo Kcstln de 1'Arnlgnee" was played.
Moro Race Suicide
Tho stork died at tho zoo Sttndnv evening.
Cincinnati Enquirer.
Proving an Alibi
Landlady (to cntomologist-who liar, biought
a great collection of beetles to his room)
Professor Jinks, I want you to understand'
right now, that you can't convince me that
you found all them in your bed.
The Second Crop
Timothy Hay, Jr., Is a pupil In a Grand'
Rapids public school, according to ndvlces
from that city. Being in good health, he
never had the hny fover, and so far as we
know, his mother Is not a grass widow.
To End It All
Ho know the river Styx was deep and wide,
And so he hesitated to decide.
Although his heart and brain were fagged
nnd sad,
Thero was ahead of him that crossing bad.
Ho wished to end his tenure of this life,
To get away from turmoil nnd from strife.
But with tho feat of dark his heart war
Until one day he had a brilliant thought.
It mado of him a moro determined man;
Though 'twas an old and rather simple plan.
To light his way. and also get tho pass,
He Just inhaled Illuminating gas.
More Language
John Bull to France J'offre French.
Whereupon France accepted the offer of
General French.
Political Distinctions
Somo candidates In proffering their serv
ices to an expectant constituency used the
honeyed words; others candled dates.
Famous Last Linci
(Almost any magazine).
"But I found out after all that it wasn't
Jenny, because Jenny had been downtown
that afternoon why, good heavens, boy,
what Is the matter with you?"
Mortimer had fallen in a dead faint on the
W. C-
"But you," ho cronked hoarsclv.
".No, " sho dimpiea.
He seized her hand nnd 'mid the passionate
paleness of the purplo potferns, he pi rased
a lingering and languorous, luxurious, lissom
kiss upon her strangled lips.
(Henry James).
And there, for all that, in Hie connection,
became, at tho last moment, and with thn
last Item of clarity, to his mind, clear, there,
in tho end, for all his scrutiny and despair,
he most assuredly was.
Thing They Missed
Guinevere and Lancelot
Never danced tho turkey-trot.
John Paul Jones and Zoroaster
Never wore a porous piaster.
Socrates and Arlstotln
Never used a baby's bottle
Inside Stun"
Margaret Dclaml's "Thn Hnnds of Esau."
Just published, may bo nn Interesting novel,
but "Thn Hands of TSfcaii." nppearlng thrice
weekly In tho Kvenino Lkpoeh Is, ns Potash
and Pcrlmuttcr say, nnothcr thing again
No More Excuse for Living
III order to popularize tho Corporation
Crematorium, nt Crematorium Road, '.
Corporation have decided as an experimental
measuro to abolish the fees now charged fiii
the uso of the Crematorium for one year
Calcutta (India) Capital.
Tho American, tlm good American, knows
that he lives In a free country, Is aa good
as, or better than, any ono else, and Is not
afraid of anything. He Is open-minded and
ho isn't likely to fall for anything. His only
superstitions aro:
That ho Is Infinitely better than all for
eigners. That kid gloves are womanish.
That a captain of industry shouldn t d
over four foot six, a "llttlo Napoleon."
That the Declaration of Independence not
only assured, but created liberty and tlia
equality of man.
That Now York is "a man's town,
That Philadelphia Is "slow."
That for a long, thin man to poke the
eyes out of a bhort, fat man, on the stage, is
the height of humor.
That the city Is vicious and the country
pure. .
That George M. Cohan Is a greater dra
matist than Shakespeare.
That morality and cheerfulness are incom
patlble. flr
That going to college makes a man unnt
for business success. ...
That all for the best in this best of an
possible worlds.
That "society" doesn't talk the same lan
guage he talks.
That Bostonlans say "descending" when
they mean "going down." .
That refined people eay "limbs" Insteaa
of "legs."
That all Parisians are immoral
That what ho reads in tha magazines '
bound to be true .
That the Englishman's pronunciation ol
"can't" is an affectation with Win A
That it is wrong for a married ma "
enjoy tha company of any woman cJfrJ"
his wife.
That he is armvtpiv and eternally r"
from fi1lr-tl, t u iy lond
.ii .. if tm nai-friiwl"!"

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