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EVENING LEDGEKPHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1914.
Zkm' WUHPW J li"MM'M t"w "
i U I irt
HER IN ASYLUM
Physician Accused of Con
spiracy With Two Other
Practioners in Suit He
Loved Patient, Woman
NCW TORK. Oct. M.-Chnrglng that her
husbnnil, Dr. Sllns 1'. Heebe conspired
with two other physicians of Queens
County to place her in nn Iniane asylum
because he had fallen In love with an
other woman, Mrs Mary K. Heche, of
12 Elm street, Flushing testified In tho
Supremo Court In Queens jesterday at
tho opening of her suit for separation,
alimony and the right to tho homo In
Doctor Bcebo was at one time head of
tho therapeutic department of Cornell
University. Two days after the birth of
her youngest son. In May. 1911, testified
Mrs. Becbe, her huxbnnd told her of his
love for one of bli woman patient and
aid also that his love wns reciprocated.
Mrs. Becbe asked the doctor, she sntd,
why he had not given her an overdose
of chloroform while she was 111 and thus
saved her the misery of hearing his con
fession. For more than a month, she testified,
she was confined In the Long Island
Home In Amltyvllle. Her husband then
called at the sanatorium and took her
away on condition that she live with
her sister In South Dakota. A jenr ago
sho returned to this city and entered
suit against Doctor Bcebe for more than
$200), alleged to have been due her.
The suit was dropped when Doctor
Bcebe agreed to pay her $"000 annually.
Sirs. Bcebe, In her present action for
separation, alleges that the Doctor has
not kept this agreement.
Mrs. Beobo has pending suits for $:..IW
each against Dr. Archer W Jaggcr and
Dr. Johnston MacLeod, who, sho says,
adjudged her mentally Incompetent and
ordered her to be committed to the
Amltyvllle homo without subjecting her
Mrs. Becbe testified she agreed to for
give her husband If he would forget the
other attachment. The pet day, she
said, he Informed her that there was no
other woman. He had been worrying
about Mrs. Becbe. he said, who would
have to so to a sanatorium.
"When Mrs. Peebe asked him why, he
told her there was something wrong with
her mind. She protested, she said, but
on the following day Drs. Jagger ard
MacLeod called with a nurse and said
they were ready to take her to the sana
torium. U. S. BUILDS HUGE
SEA FORTS DESPITE
Naval Constructors Design
Two New Battleships
Which Will "Lick Crea
tion," but Provide No In
crease in Speed.
LONDON, Oct. 2S.-.Voither words nor
nets have convinced the naval authorities
of the United States that the submarine
has doomed the battleship to extinction;
nor do they agree with those who would
warn the nations against putting "too
many eggs in one basket." In their opin
ion tho great battleship still holds tho
seas as the supreme arbiter of the des
tiny of maritime powers. This after two
months of naval warfare, during the
course of which the submarine has I
achieved no slight success.
The work which the British navy Is
doing and hopes to do In elucidating I
naval problems leaves the Americans '
coiu. orders have been placed for two
battleships. Just as though the subma
rlne had never been heard of.
It was anticipated that the placing of
the contracts would be delayed until tho
constructors now In Europe studying
naval events-or rather awaiting naval
events really worth htudy had gained
all the Information obtainable on matters
of design. Not at all. 1 he naval author
ities have decided to forgo ahead and put
In hand at onco the building of all thren
battleships for which they have received
authority; the third Is to be laid down
In a government yard.
But even more remarkable than this
decision Is the fact that the new battle
ships are to "lick creation" in sle and
power, but not in speed. They will dis
place something appronehlng twice the
amount of water of our original dread
nought, completed only eight vears ago.
The tonnage of each of these mastodons
will be no less than 3f0, whereas our
name ship of the new era was of only
17,900 tons. This one comparison will con
vey some Idea of what American naval
officers think of the arguments advanced
In favor of ships of "moderate dimen
sions." They have built battleships small
and battleships big, and they declare
"Give us battleships bigger, submarlno
or no submarine."
The Increas In displacement on the
ether side of the Atlantic has far out
stripped anything that our own naval
authorities, who have the credit of In.
trc-ducing the dreadnought, have pro
posed. It was only by sheer good fortune
that we got the first dreadnought afloat
The Americans had realized the develop
ment was Inevitable, had had a design
prepared and were waiting for i'ungres3
to say "Yes." when Lord Fl-her sailed
In. laid down four ships, built them with
great secrecy, and thus obtained a lead
which we have never lost
The upward movement of displacement
on the other side of the Atlantic has, In
deed, been very remarkable, as follows:
South Carolina. . 1WXJ
New Class 10U-15
SLOW Or MOVEMENT
Possibly the most remarkable feature of
the new battleships which will closely
resemble the Pennsylvania and her sister,
now on the stocks is that. In spite of the
doubling of the dlspUcement, there has
been little or no advance In speed;
though triple expansion engines have
been displaced by turbines, the rate of
steaming of the newest mhlpa Is calcu
lated to be about 31 knots only If the
naval war has proved or seemed to prove
-one thing more than another. It Is that
the defense of the big ship against sub
marines lies In speed, speed, speed And
yet the United States, though it Is build
ing the most colossal battleships In the
world, remains satlsAed with a rate of
steaming not very much greater than
that of the newest and best-equipped
These two new battleships, when com
plete with stores and ammunition and
ready for commissions, will r preset t an
expenditure of 41i.00v.W0 each.
WASHINGTON EXPECTS NEWS
THAT CARRANZA IS DEPOSED
"First Chief" May Defy Convention,
But Cannot Cause Much Trouble.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 2S.-Word from
tho peace comentlon nt Aguaseallentcs
that Provisional President Carranza had
been deposed ns tho temporary ruler of
Mexico was expected today by Admin
istration officials. t'nofllclal reports
hae reached Washington that the de
mands of the "First Chief" have not
been accepted and Ids removal from
olllcc would not cause any surprise
The Government Is concerned some
what over the attitude of Carranza, as
It Is believed he will defy tho conven
tion. Hut the opinion prevails among
olllclals that there will not be serious
fighting In defense of Carranza, as thero
Is every reason to believe that his sup
port will disappear when It becomes
known tho convention Is opposed to him.
The uncertainty as to the ability of
the various factions to agree on a man
or commission to conduct the affairs of
, the rcpuolle pending the elections is the
! chief cause of worry for the Admlnls-
CUT KATES ON ARYTOBFLATE
Man Tells Navy DopTtment He Can
Reduce Price 20 Per Cent.
WASHINGTON. Oct. M.-Tho Navy Do
partment has received a communication
from Lewis B. Williams, of New York
clt), declaring that he could furnish
armor pute for battleships of tho United
States Navy at a cost of 20 per cent, less
than the prices p.ild by the Government.
Naval officers are skeptical regarding
the merits of the plate.
TO DROP SWORDS
Traditional Badge of Rank
Serves to Concentrate Fire
of Enemy, Sad Experience
By KARL H. VON WIEGAND
AIX-LA-CHAPELLE, Oct. 2S. Ger
man ottlcers are throwing away their
swords. They have found them useless
In modern warfare. The high percentage
of fallen offlcers on the German side is
being attributed to the carrying of tho
weapon which marks them as offlcers
and makes them targets for concentrated
Discarded long ago by American army
officers, except as an ornament for dress
parade, Germans have clung tenaciously
to tho sword ns the traditional badge
of an officer. , Wounded men have told
me that hundreds have paid for It with
their lives In the battles on the French
"It is nil very nice and grand to lead
your company In a storm upon the en
emy with sword in hand, but It marks
you for death," said a major to me.
"Wo have paid heavy toll to the sword,
so far as the Infantry Is concerned.
When the charge is sounded, the offlcers
of a company spring forward with Hash
ing blado in hand to lead their men.
The gleam of the swoid marks them as
ottlcers and the enemy Immedlatelv con
centrates his fire upon them. That Is
why so many officers have fallen.
Everything else hns been done to make
tno officer as inconspicuous and indis
tinguishable from the men as possible,
excopt tho carrying of swords.
"Offirers at the front now leave their
swn da in their quarters. Mnny of them
now take a rifle In charging. It answers
the double purpoyo of not marking them
ns special targets and of really being
useful. Several times I have seen offlcers
throw away their swords and pick up the
rifle of a fallen soldier during a battle.
The present war, I believe, marks the
passing of the sword on the battlefield so
far as offlcers of Infantry are concerned."
Although tne sword has proven useless
for Infantry offlcers. the lance, which
armies of the world have largely dis
carded, Is declared to he most effective
as a weapon for cavalry. The Germans
have clung to the lance for their cavalry,
and offlcers declare that again and again,
in tho flshting In Belgium, the lance has
proven th weapon which spreads terror.
The officer say that In charges tho ever
moving lance and fluttering pennons con
fuse the eve and aim of the enemy.
Where the charge Is made on the enemy's
savnlry the Germans with their lances
have) the advantage of a long reach, and
can thrust thPlr opponents through be
fore they have a chance of using the
Formerly only Uhlans carried lances,
but practically the entire German cavalry
hns now been equipped with them. That
explains why one never reads or hears
of anv other cavalry patrols In Belgium
excopt "Chlans." It Is said that even
the cavalry offlcers, recognizing the
psvchnlngira' effect of the lance, and the
fart that it is a better weapon than the
sword, have added the lance to their
equipment consisting of a sword and
EXPLOSION SHAKES HOSPITAL
Naphtha Blast Wrecks Store and In
jures Two Men.
NEW TORK,' Oct. :s. Nearly every
window In the Manhattan Eye, Ear and
Throat Hospital was shattered last night
by an explosion In the cleaning estab
lishment of Leonard 8. Mack and Isaac
Diamond, doing business under the name
of "Leney," at 215 East SUh street, op
rnslte the hosp'tal.
The explosion, said to have been caused
by naphtha, injured the two partners
and ompletely wrecked the two-atory
In the hospital were 127 patients Every
window In the front of the hospital,
where are the laboratories and offices,
was broken, and many of the rear
windows, in the rooms of patients, were
also shattered. The building Is a seven
EUROPE LONG INHABITED
Professor Geikie Writes Men Have
Lived There 250,000 Years,
In his recent work. "The Antiquity of
Man In Europe," Prof J Gelkle, of
Edinburgh University, declares hJ be
lief that man has Inhabited Europe be
tween 360.000 and yOS'O years.
All such estimates are based on geo
logical facts such as the rate at which
sdtment la deposited, or at which
stalagmites grow that are very hard to
determine with any accuracy, but no
one now doubts that man is far older
than men of science originally supposed
him to be.
McAdoo Will Speak ia New York
WASHINGTON. Oet J8 -Secretary of
the Treasury- McAdoo will leave Washing
ton either tomorrow evening or early
Friday morning for New Tork city, where
on Friday night he will address a political
meeting at Cooper Union Saturday night
he will preside at a meeting where Secre
tary of War Garrison will speat
'MASHER' SAYS HE
NIECE AS ACTRESS
'Quarreled With Her in
Paris," Asserts Doctor Un
der Sentence for Annoying
Mrs. George Howe.
NEW TOnK, Oct. 2J,-Dr. Ernest C.
White, who was sentenced to ten days
In the workhouse by Magistrate Broen,
on October as for accosting on tho street
Mrs. George Huwt, niece of President
Wilson, Is nt liberty under $W0 ball. He
wns released on Saturday, awaiting a
hearing of his caso, It wns learned today.
White, through his lawyers, appealed
to Judge Ropnlsky In Genernl Sessions
Court to have the case reopened.
He filed an affidavit In which he pleaded
that he knew Mrs. Howe, who Is known
on the stage ns Margaret Vole, In Paris,
wiwro, ne says, ne quarreioa wim ner.
In police court, he had said he had ac
costed Mrs. Howe according to Paris
While argued his speaking to Mrs. Howo
wns quite all right In his opinion, ns ho
supposed that the differences had hecn
forgotten and Mrs. Howe bore him no
FOUGHT IN MAIINE BATTLE.
Whto further plended that In deference
to his standards of honor ho refrained
from telling the Magistrate that he and
Mrs. Howe had been friends In Europe.
As a final plea ho declared he was a
member of the American Volunteer Am
bulance Corps in Franco and had served
as a surgeon In the battle of the Mnrne.
Mrs. Howe, In her apartments, heard or
White's affidavit with amazement.
"I never saw this person before in
Paris nor elsewhere." she said. "Ronlly,
he should be more specific. When did he
meet mo and how? And about what did
ho quarrel? And what wonderful coda
of honor does he cherish which permits
him to grasp a woman's arm and leer in
her face and then refrain from telling a
Magistrate that he has met her before.
ACTIVITIES OF MASHERS.
"The masher rules Broadway. Tho
conditions aro terrible. If I go out
dressed as an ordinary- working girl
I am not permitted to go moro than
10 blocks before I am accosted and In
sulted. "If It Is necessary I shall go to court
to tight the release of this person White.
It is n, duty I owe other women. I call
upon him to prove thnt he ever mot me
at any time or anywhere. And 1 call
upon any Frenchmen, who have the
honor of Paris at heart, to refute the
statements of this person who would have
It that such as he aro there entitled to
prefis their attentions upon women."
ORIGIN OF UNION JACK
Combination of the Crosses of St.
George, St. Andrew and St. Patrick.
LONDON, Oct. 23. Six well-known
politicians at dinner were discussing tho
Union Jack. Questions arose as to how
It came to assume Its present form, how
It la composed, etc., etc. Only two of
the well-known politicians knew any
thing about Its history. It Is to clear
away Ignornnce on this subject that tho
following Is given.
In the first place, It should be ex
plained that the name, "Union Jack,"
is more often than not wrongly applied.
That name really belongs to n minia
ture union flag, displayed from a staff
at the end of the bowsprit of his Ma
jesty's ships, and known for many years
past as a Jack; whence tho name of
"Union Jack." which has como to bo
wrongly applied to the larger as well
as the smaller Union Flag, the correct
name when displayed otherwise than on
his Majesty's ships. The Jack, properly
so-called, Is never flown on shore.
Until the fifteenth century, England,
Scotland and Ireland had separate flags.
The EtiKllsh flag consisted of the Red
Cross of St George on a white ground,
that of Scotland the white diagonal
cross of St. Andrew on a blue ground,
and that ot Ireland the red diagonal
cross of St. Patrick, also on a white
flag, and It la from a combination of
these three flags that we get tho "Union
It was Jnmes I who first began tho
formation of tho Union Jack, by com
bining tho crosses of St. George and St.
Andrew. He laid the cross of St, George
on the cross of St. Andrew, and thus
formed the Union Jack, which was the
national flag for 200 years.
It was after the Union of 1S01 that
the cross of St. Patrick was added,
though In this case tho diagonal red
stripes were narrowed down In order
that they should not obliterate the white
stripes of St Andrew's cross.
ARMED U. S. GUARDS WATCH
MARCONI WIRELESS PLANTS
Detectives at Work on Alleged Ger
NEW TORK, Oot. 28. Fourteen armed
men, Including Deputy United States mar
shals. United States Treasury agents and
men from the New York Navy Tard. to
day are guarding the wireless telegraph
stations at Sayvllle, L. I , and Tuckerton,
N J., from the activity of alleged German
spies and secret agents.
United States Secret Service operators
are working In Hoboken to uncover what
Is believed to be a conspiracy to thwart
President Wilson's order of strict neu
trality, and particularly the Govern
ment's orders that those stations, each
of which Is powerful enough to communi
cate directly with Berlin, shall not be
used In vlo'atlon of this country's neu
trality In the European war.
The killing of four aermans In a mys
terious automobile accident at Hemp
stead. L. I. when they were on their
way to the Sayvllle station, caused the
Government to protect the stations.
30 SURVIVORS OF STRICKEN
BRITISH FREIGHTER LAND
Manchester Commerce Sank in Seven
Minutes, Says Officer.
LONDON, Oct. 2S. The trawler. City of
London, arrived at Fleetwood, England,
today with the SO survivors of the British
freight steamship Manchester Commerce,
whlcti struck a mine Monday night off
the northern coast of Ireland and sank.
Captain Payne and 13 of his crew were
Second Offlcer Gee told the following
story of the disaster:
"The explosion occurred about 20 miles
north of Tory Island, on the main trade
route between Munchester and Canada.
The vessel was shaken as though she had
been a chip of wood. There was no doubt
In the mind of anybody as to what had
happened. The ship began to sink at
once and was beneath the waves In seven
"The officers and crew behaved with the
greatest coolness We were able to
launch only one lifeboat Just as we
ur nreoarinir to put another Into the
....- ih nbin srave a sudden lurch and i
tank Officers and sailors Jumped for
their lives and some were carried down
GREAT AUTO PARADE TONIGHT
Will Be Feature of New York's Ter
centenary. NEW TORK, Oct 2S.-What Is be
lieved to be tho biggest automobile par
ado ever held In this country will bo a
feature of New York's commercial ter
centenary celebration tonight.
With $6000 being spent on the pageant
Itself and with $5000 moro offered In prizes,
besides scores of merchandise trophies
posted for various kinds of cars, motor
ists from all over tho State were at
tracted to the event. Tho parade will bo
made up of seven divisions of automobiles
and motorcycles. Including every known
machine, from a single cylinder two
wheeled affair to slx-cjilndcr. 90-horse-pouer
touring cars, both decorated and
Governor Glynn hns consented to rlda
nt the head of the pageant and later to
review it from tho court of honor.
INDORSED BY THE PRESIDENT
White House Approval Given to Can
didacies of Various Democrats.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 23. - Frosldontlnt
Indorsement wns given today to W. W.
Black, of Everett, Wash., Democratic
candidate for the United States Senate
frorj Washington, and to Representative
Edward W. Townscnd, of tho 10th New
Jersey District, In campaign letters from
tho White House.
Other Indorsements from President Wil
Representative Baker, In the 2d New
Jersey District: Representative Tutllc, In
the 5th New Jersey District; Edwnid
Johnson, candidate for Senator In South
Dakota, and R. B, Stevens, candidate for
Senator from New Hampshire.
CLOSED SEASON SET
ON KAISER QUESTS
OF EAGER COSSACKS
Frequent Capture of War
Lord's "Doubles" Hinders
Cavalry Regular Patrol
PETROGRAD, Oct. 23.
Strict orders have been Issued on tho
battle front In Western Poland that Em
peror William Is not to be captured any
more. Slncc-tt was first reported among
the Ruslans In the Suwalkl province nnd
In East Prussia, two weeks or more
ago, that the German Emperor had visit
ed Lyck, In person, keen rivalry has
set up among tho Cossacks as to who
should succeed In capturing that monarch.
One day a Cossack non-commlssloned
officer enme Into camp with a prisoner,
whom he announced to be unmistakably
William. It wns necessary to disillusion
him, as his captive, although bearing a
strong resemblance to the Emperor, espe
cially In his hirsute adornments, was
merely a lieutenant of Uhlans.
Undlscournged by this mistake, the
same Cosack, on the following day,
brought in two moro prisoners and de
clared that one of them, at least, must
be William. He suffered n second dis
appointment. As this fruitless chaso threatened to
Interfere with the proper performance of
the patrol duty of the Cossacks, oiders
were Issued that "Emperor William Is
not to be captured "
PARIS WILLING TO
LET AMERICA MAKE
STYLES THIS YEAR
French Women Have No
Time to Think About
Fashions Just Now, and
for Once Don't Care Who
By WILLIAM PHILIP SIMS
PARIS, Oct. 2S.-Thl8 year thero will
bo no Paris styles. Purls, mistress of
the world's fashions, is thinking of other
things. Most of tho famous dressmaking
establishments nie closed, nnd employes
are making bandages for tho wounded.
War, the great levclcr, has taken the
coquetry out of the women of Europe; war
has frightened the rich Americans away;
some of the men who designed milady's
dresses are now company cooks, mldl
nettes aro making winter underwear for
tho soldiers, and the duchess-like models
and salesladies are Red Cross nurses.
In the fashion-creating quarter of Paris
the steel shutters are drawn. The Itue
de la Patx Is well named; It Is pre-eminently
a street of peace.
I asked the "premiere" of a closed Rue
de la Pair dressmaking establishment
what effect the war would have on styles.
"It won't have any," she said, "for the
very simple reason that there won't be
any styles. Under present conditions
how can there be any styles?
"Famine pestilence. Are and flood may
not be able to take away the desire to
look charming vanity. If you prefer
from modern woman, but this war has
"It's because women are thinking of
other things. Oh, we'd be only too glad
to keep the shops going If we could ! Do
you think wo discharged all our employes
at the beginning of tho war for nothing?
When their men left for the war wom
en canceled orders. They began to think
of less selfish things."
There are few people In Europe whoso
families are not directly Interested In
the war by having a member on the firing
line. These few are financially hit nnd
must go slow with expenses."
"And your foreign trade?'1
"Your American women are our chief
foreign customers, and they are not like
ly to do much shopping In Paris this win
ter. South Americans are good custom
ers: they have flitted, too.
"Now is America's chance to try her
hand. This season we are not going to
set the style; we have other occupations;
we don't care who sets them.
"Your American women ure good dress
ers and have taste a taste more like a
Frenchwoman's than the women of any
other country, perhaps, possess. But"
here she smiled, "but she has whims; and
one of her pet whims Is that no hat and
no gown Is pretty or stylish unless it Is
'made In Paris,' and as she has the money
to gratify her whims she will 'get along'
with a home-made variety until the war
Is over, and then she will come back to
us and make up for lost time."
Auto Hits Son of Assemblyman
rnvwn rial n,.f 98 Prturard Houston.
8-year-old son of Assemblyman John M.
Houston, injs morning v "" "r
an automobile and suffered concussion of
the brain. Tho car was driven by George
Bcotten, of Hartly.
MONTE CRISTO ISLE
OF TEUTON CAPTIVES
Dungeons of Chateau d'lf
Not So Fearsome as De
picted by Dumas, War
Everybody who has rend "Monto
Crlsto,1' or seen It acted, will remember
the Chateau d'lf, the fearsome prison
from which Dumas' sailor hero, Edmond
Dantes, escaped In a sack after having
taken the place therein of his fellow
prisoner nnd counselor, tho Abbe Farla.
Such Dumas lovers, accordingly, may
be Interested to hear that tho Chateau
d'lf, which stands, of course, on an Island
In Marseilles harbor and wan a fortress
before It became a prison, Is, owing to
tho wnr, onco moro In uso qb a place of
detention nftcr having been for mnny
years a showplace.
"I havo Just steamed round it," writes
a correspondent, "and espied several mel
ancholy black figures In French uniforms
on tho battlements. They were guarding
German prisoners. Outside the door of
the central fort were three monks, nnd
nlong tho winding path to the landing
stage was a thick dark coll of prisoners,
In the offing was a red French ship tak
ing up a fresh batch of prisoners from
n small boat for conveynnco to Algiers.
It wns a sll'nt, gloomy picture, but no
ono could tell mo whether tho famous
old dungeons aro stilt being used."
It wns from n dungeon of the Chateau
d'lf, of course, that Edmond Dantes
made his escape, after having lan
guished within Its walls 15 years. How
Dantes and the "mad" Abbo Farla man
aged to communlcnto with each other by
means of n tunnel dug between their
cells, how the nhbo told his young pro
tego of the treasure of Monte Crlsto nnd
how tho latter, encased in his sack,
finnlly wns thrown Into the sea from
the ramparts of tho chateau with a 30
pound shot tied to his feet nil this Is
too famlllnr a story to need to be re
called. 'Visitors to tho chateau, by the
way, aro always shown "Edmond Dante's
dungeon," and Farla's, too, desplto the
fact that no such persons over existed.
As a fact, tho stage version of "Monto
Crlsto" played so many times by nctorB
tho world over Is a poor thing, Indeed,
compnred with Dumas' masterpiece,
which tho late Lord Salisbury, It Is said,
used to keep under his pillow. In the
piny all tho relationships of the novel
are mixed up In a fashion calculated to
make Dumas turn In his grave, while
us for the famous phrase of the play,
"The world Is mine," It Is not to be
found In tho novel at nil. It was stated
once that Henry Hamilton, the English
dramatist, proposed to make a retlly
worthy dramatization of "Monte Crlsto"
for the late Kyrle Bellow, but evidently
the project was abandoned. As a mat
ter of fact, few works of fiction would
be more difficult to dramatize adequately.
SPANISH MATRONS DO NOT
LOSE THEIR IDENTITY
Add Husband's Name to Their Own
With Help of "De."
Senora De Barnlt, a delegate from tho
Ilavnna Women's Club to tho Domestic
Science nnd Pure Food Exposition held In
Boston this month, laughs a little at tho
furore which Is stirred up by "feminists"
In this country when they declaro that
they wish to keep their maiden name
"That isn't such a startling or unheard
of plan," said the Senora. "A Spanish
woman never gives up her maiden nnme
nt marriage. Sho merely adds her hus
band's name to her own, and to her
intlmato friends she Is moro often known
by her maiden nnmo than by that of
her husband. In Spanish the prefix 'do'
does not signify nobility, ns It does In
some other countries. It is simply tho
link that tacks on the name of a hus
band, "Beforo marrlago one Is known both by
one's mother's and father's names. My
son, for Instance, is known as Louis
Bnrnlt y Zacharle, Zacharle being my
mniden name, the y meaning 'and.' That
Is his formal title; ho is commonly called
"A Smith Is not lost In a maze of
Smiths In my country, for ho Is 'Smith
y Brown," which tells you at onco he
Is no ordinary Smith. To avoid confu
sion after marriage, the mother's name
is dropped nnd the father's retained with
the husband's ndded after the 'de.' "
Senora de Baralt Is a Xew York wo
man who mnrrled a Cuban nnd has lived
In Havana V years. She Is widely known
ns a writer and lecturer on Spanish litera
ture, music, poetry and Spnnish-Amerlcan
women. She Is a linguist, a doctor of
philosophy and the second woman to grad
uate from the University of Havana,
where her husband Is a professor.
BIRDS AS INSECT DESTROYER
Biological Survey Shows They Are
Friends of Farmer.
The United States Biological Survey has
recently conducted an Investigation to
determine the vnlue of birds as Insect
destroyers and made some startling dis
coveries, says the McKlnney Courier
Gazette. A treo swallow's stomach was found to
contain 40 entire chinch bugs and frag
ments of many others, besides other spe
cies of insects. A bank swallow In Texas
devoured 63 cotton boll weevils. Thirty
live cliff swallows had taken an average
of 18 boll weevils each.
Two stomachs of pine siskins from
Haywards, Cat., contained M0 black olive
scales and 3000 plant lice. A killdcer's
stomach taken In November contained
over 300 mosquito larvae. A flicker's
Btomach held 2S white grubs. A night
hawk's stomach collected In Kentucky
contained 31 beetles, the adult form of
whlto gtubs. Another nlghthawk from
New York had eaten 21 clover leaf weev
ils and 375 ants.
Still another night hawk had eaten 310
grasshoppers, 42 bugs, 3 beetles, 2 wasp3
and a spider. A boattalled grackle had
eaten at one meal about 100 cotton bofl
worms besides a few other Insects. A
ring-necked pheasant's crop from Wash
ington contained S00O seeds of chlckweed
and dandelion heads.
Many other birds are very valuable In
bringing about the destruction of Insects
and the seeds of noxious weeds. Includ
ing a number of those on whom the
sportsman relies for pleasant times In
t.eason. Sentiment Is growing steadily
against the unnecessary slaughter of the
Innnocent winged friends of humanity,
and the day Is probably not far distant
when It will become an obsolete custom
and be discontinued entirely.
ASK HOLIDAY FOR THAW
CHICAGO, Oct. 2S.-Petltlons addressed
to President Wilson, asking that Harry
K. Thaw be permitted to visit his mother
during the Christmas holidays, are being
circulated In Chicago and other cities.
The petitions say that "public sentiment
Is aroused at present to the opportunity
to request the immediate, Impartial and
deliberate consideration of the freedom
of one Harry K Thaw, whom we be
lieve to cunlsh fucther would be unjust."
WANTS $75,000 FOR INJURIES
Actress Declares Sho Was Incapaci
tated When Hit by Auto.
NEW YORK, Oct. 28.-Mlss Irene Bul
ger, an actress, ex-horseback rider and
expert swimmer, began suit In tho Su
preme Court yesterday against Andrew
Allbrlght for 176,000 for Injuries suffered
when hit by his automobile. Tho suit
will come up for trial this week before
Justice Whlttnker, of the Bupremo
Miss Bulger alleges that two years
ago, when she was crossing Broadway
at 70th street, she was struck by an au
tomobile owned by the defendant nnd
severely Injurled. Both of hor legs were
bo crushed sho had to give up outdoor
sports, sho Bays.
CARRANZA MEN PLAN ATTACK
Hill Prepares Movement to Drive
Maytorena to Nognlcs.
NACO, Ariz., Oct. 28 General Benjamin
Hill, commander of tho Carranza garrison
defending Nnco, Alexlco, contlnuos to
strengthen his defenses preparatory to
nsBttmlng nn offensive movement to drlvo
Governor Maytorena, tho Villa supporter,
back to Nogalcs. Hill has received a now
Hotchklss ono-pottndor rapid-fire gun,
nnd expjets additional arms and am
munition to arrive from tho United States
at anv tlmo.
General Hill has Issued a signed state
ment to the American press repudiating a
dispatch sent from Douglas, Ariz., Btat
Ing ho had established a censorship ovor
news Bent regnrdlng tho movements of
his troops. Ho nlso expressed his gratitude
to tho newspapers.
REPRISAL", WON'T GO
BACK TO ANTWERP
Belgian Editor Says Fate of
Liege, Louvain and Aer
schot Is Too Fresh in Minds
LONDON, Oct. 23.
Belgian refugees from Antwerp will
never return In any numbers ns long as
tho Germans possess the city and the
wnr continues, according to Ernest Hcn
rlon, editor of tho Antwerp Mntln, who
Is now in London.
"That tho Germans are feared Is Bhown
by tho firmly expressed Intention of the
Belgians In both Holland and England
not to go back to their city," says Mr,
"When wo go back n drunkon soldier
will shout 'man hat geschossen," and we
shall see a repetition of Llcgo, Louvain
"The population had for many years
given tho acrmnna a most cordial recep
tion. Antwerp was looked upon as a
German town par excellence situated bo
yound the frontier of tho empire of the
Knlscr. We had confldenco In the Ger
mans until the sudden invasion by them
In the early part of August plunged the
population Into a rago which found ex
pression In Antwerp In tho Backing of
all German cafes and places of business.
"Then tho bombardment commenced
and the taking of the town seemed Im
minent. The question In tho minds of
all was to what extent would tho Ger
mans nvengo themselves on those whom
they had thought their friends and who
had now become tho most bitter of their
enemies. It was this fear of German
reprisal which caused the sudden and
THE HAGUE. Oct. 2S. Tho Govern
ment of Holland hns asked Parliament
to appropriate 3,000.000 guilders for tho
maintenance of tho refugees from Bel
glum who are now within tho Dutch
VIKINGS A HARDY RACE
Bold Travelers Were Bred of Long
The Vikings and their followers, who
Bwnrmcd up tho Seine and the Thames,
and whose descendants conquered Nor
mnndy and then England, wore bred of
long years of Independence and property
rights, while thoae they overthrew were
dependent and nonlandowncrs, Bays Scrlb
nor's Magazine. They were the hnrdiest
and boldest travelers of their time.
Norwegian sealers still crulso about
the ea as far north ns It Is open, and
the history ot polar explorations has been
associated with Norway from Othar, In
King Alfred's time, to Nansen. In our
own. In the Shetland Islands tho people
still talked Norwegian In the last cen
tury: Greenland and Icelnnd were colo
nlzed from Norway, and from Iceland
comes n literature In old Norwegian, BtUl
the language of the people, which ranks
with the hero talcs of the east, of Greece
of Germany, and England. '
The Orkneys, Shetland, the Hebrides,
the Isle of jinn, were possessions of Noi
way for hundreds of years, nnd for more
than 300 years Norwegian kings ruled In
Dublin. Many of the Danes who con
quered England were Noraemen, and the
conquerors of Normandy were mostly of
the Norwegian Viking breed.
Of Tio Stmofc osr famJy
F. O. B. Oefroft
Touting Car uilJi Sedan Top.
Roadster with Coupe Top. tlilS
r. O. a. Pelrelt
336 N. Broad St.
IWll l'hoiic topruce -1905
Broad and Tioga Sts.
,r Hell rhooe Tioga S1I3
Ktyttuue l'Uuue- l'ark iiU) A.
G. G. Brownlee, Mgr.
I ( AA&1 I
V JBtmnmm TumnM iiimr
RECORD PRICE SAID
TO HAVE BEEN PAID
FOR CENTRAL SITE
Sale of Property at Broad
and Chestnut Streets Will
Result in Sharp Revision of
The transfer to John Wanamaker of the
northeast corner of Broad and Chestnut
..vClB uy tno i-rnnkiln National Bank
and tho conveyance by him of tho pron'
rrty formerly known as the Hazeitln.
Building, 1416-18 Chestnut street, easily
overshadow any recent transaction in
the real estate world.
Tho amount Involved runs Into the mil.
lions, and the equaro foot values claimed
by real cstato men recently will havs
to be revised and advanced.
On November 3, 1808. the Glrard Trust
Company sold tho property at northeast
corner of Broad and Chestnut streets to
tho franklin National Bank, with a
frontage on Broad street of 100 fe6t j
InchCB by a depth of 1)3 feet 2 Inches on
Chestnut street, containing 9340 squara
feet, for tl.950.000. or J232 a square XooL
Including tho building.
It was the slto of tho Seventh Presby.
terlan Church in 1881, and was purchased
that year by John F. Bets for $156,000 and
tho present building erected.
It Is understood that Mr. Wanamaker
paid about 2,750,00O for tho Franklin Na
tlonal Bank property, 100 feet 2 Inches
on Broad street by S3 foot 2 Inches on
I'linntniit aauii Apia . - wl
v"""" Diicci, now square rect, or 1233
a square foot, and, as tho building will
probably como down, this may bo con
rldored ground value,
Tho activity of Mr. Wanamaker has
had much to do with tho advance In
value shown In tho vicinity of Broad and
HAPID niSE OF VALUES.
It will be Interesting to note at what
price tho next largo plceo of real estate
will sell near this hub of business.
Previous sales In that vicinity were:
1837 Northwest corner Broad and Chest
nut streets, lot 18 by 77, sold for JIM a
U99 Northeast corner Broad and San
Bom streets, Chambers-Wylle Memorial
Church, now occupied by the North
American Building, sold at $50 a square
19011310 Chestnut street, lot 18.0 by 100,
sold at ?SD a square foot.
1907 Tho Real Estate Trust Company
paid D. C. Folwell for 1333 Chestnut
street, lot Z! by 150. adjoining their build
ing, $143 a square foot, a record price to
that date In tho 1300 block.
During the years 1901 and 1902 the Glrard
Trust Company acquired the ground now
occupied by their now building, nt an
avornga price for tho 19.6J0 squaro feet of
$115 a squaro foot, tho site costing 52,100,
COO. It will be remembered that for the
widening of Chestnut street In 1903 the
city paid tho Glrard Trust Company for
a strip 5 feet wido on Broad street by a
depth along Chestnut street of 140 feet,
$33,000, or nt tho rato of $78 a square foot.
In 1903 $65 was paid a squaro foot for the
strip in front of tho old Mint property,
now tho slto of the WIdener Building.
It Is Interesting, in tho light of these
central sales nnd transfers, to take a
backward glance over the field and note
the remarkable advance In value.
It would be a very daring real estate
student who would forecast tho futuro of
Chestnut street and Broad street In this
locality. Tho prices made today are high,
and yet In a few months present figures
may look low.
NOTES OF THE REALTT MART.
Record of Mortgages for Monday and
Tuesday of this week show:
Building societies loaned. $1C7,:00.
Trust Companies, $201,000.
The following mortgages were placed:
$00,000 sub to ground rent, $20,000 north
sldo Market street 1KM feet cast of 9th
$15,009 premises northeast corner 7th and
$60,000 premises southwest corner 11th
nnd Walnut streets.
$15,0(0 premises Nos. 3533-35 Locust street,
$20,000 premises No. 218 South 9th street.
Permits and plans for buildings nre be
ing lllcd rapidly. LESSOR.
AID FOR WAYWARD GIRLS
Bureau in Los Angeles Under Super
vision of "City Mother."
LOS ANGELES, Oct. 2S.-Wlth the two
fold object of simplifying the control of
wnyward girls nnd of restoring them to
their homcH, a municipal Confidential Bu
reau for Girls was established here today
In quarters far removed from any possible
connection with the police department
and the usual detention homes.
Under the supervision of "City Mother"
Aletha Gilbert, former policewoman, the
bureau has the aid of a board composed
of society women, social rescue workers,
and women Inclined to philanthropic
work. The bureau Is an Innovation In
police work among girls, and police olll
clals predict the rapid spread of the Idea
to other cities.
Laugh Winter to Scorn
See the sedan and the coupe tops
designed for the new Hupmoblle.
Then you'll understand why Hups
are selling so readily this fall.
These tops are detachable, used la
winter, stored away In summer.
It Is Just like owning two cars one
open and one closed at little mora
than the cost of one.
Good-looking, because they are de
signed to harmonize with the
beautiful Hup lines.
Complete and cozy protection from
wind, water and snow: and an in
terior flnlBh worthy of a fine limou
sine. People who never before havo
bought cars in the fall aro buy
ing new Hupmoblles, largely bo
cause they can have them fitted
with these bodies, at a very rea
sonable figure, and be assured of
winter moforlng comfort.
Come, take a look at the new Hup
moblle. Q, G, BROWNLEE, Mgr
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