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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, November 03, 1914, Night Extra, Image 10

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1914-11-03/ed-1/seq-10/

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I CTOUS 11. K. CU1VH8. PaftMnssT.
W. Ochs, Secretary; John C Martin, Treasurer)
Charles n. Aldington, Philip S. Collins, John B. WIN
liamt, Directors.
Ctstos M. IC Coins, Chairman.
P. H. WltA-BT Executive Editor
JOltttC. MAUTIK general Business Manager
Published dally at rcstlo Letxipn Building,
Independence Square, Philadelphia.
LsixiEa Cn-nnit. , i ,, .Broad and Chestnut Streets
Atlantic Citt... ., Press-Union Building
ijiw Toik, .....,,.,,,,,,, 170.A, Metropolitan Tower
cunuao. .,.,....,,. ,,817 Home Insurance Bulldlns;
London..... 8 Waterloo riate, Tall Mall, S W.
'"'"L11''"?,! .no rrledrlehstrai.4
Faiis Bdhbau 32 Bus Louis Is Grand
.,HT5Rr,?Ti.PV-,T.c?Nt-T' "Ix nts. nymall pnstpal.l
N ?V!i Pr5 '"Phla. except where foreign pontage
i?.!?,'u!', DA1LT O.11.T, one month. twenly-fHa tents.
EriiTi"'LJ,.0!;r V"'. three dollars All mall sub
scriptions pa) able In advance.
W Adilrvss all communications to Evening
Ledger, Independence Square, Philadelphia.
xntiikd at tne riiiUDrr.rmA rosTorrics as second-
The "Woodlnntl Elevated
TNTELLK3ENT appreciation of future no
X ccssltlea Is a fundamental In clty-bulldlng.
Thero aro now 365,000 passengers In West
Philadelphia who uso tho street oars every
day. By themselves they constitute a great
city. Tho housing of so many people, within
convenient distance of the business sections.
Is absolutely dependent on rapid transit. The
only alternative Is congested habitations,
which mean a minimum of air and light and
a correspondingly heavy tax on tho health of
tho people. Rapid transit, on tho other hand,
spreads out tho Inhabitablo districts, in
creases vastly the number of homo sites, and
adds to property values' a sum sumclent to
moro than compensate for tho cost of a mod
ern transportation service.
Tho Woodland elevated lino would cost but
4,390,00O. Thirty annual Instalments of
1285,000 each would pay all Interest charges
and tho original capital Investment, leaving
tho city In absolute ownership of the Im
provement, without Incumbrance of any kind.
In the abolition of exchange tickets alone.
West Philadelphia passengers would savo
J284.000 a year, or within $1000 of tho an
nual payment necessary to build the proposed
elevated line. In addition, they would gain
In tlmo the equivalent of $122,000 each year.
The Increase In taxablo values which tho
new service would bo certain to Induce would
amount to a large and constantly Increasing
Admirable management of tho present
service lines cannot give to the cars a ca
pacity which they do not possess. Tho limit
has been reached and tho congestion bo
comes moro marked overy year. Thero re
mains no solution except the building of
high-speed lines. The articles In the Even
ing Ledouh are convincing ovldence of tho
- iii.uw leaoiouity or tlio Taylor plans,
wjwThICh' !t Is adn,lttGd' ofter a adequate and
Kep'omplete solution of tho presont dimcultles.
asser "
tSay y Jews Aid European Sufferers
Her PHAT tne Jew of Philadelphia should take
nro -- Immediate and effective steps toward re
euf llevlng their fellow religionists In Europe Is
i In line with the laudable spirit Invariably
"wn by them toward their own needy ones.
rThe exceptional demand will meet with an
'3V equally exceptional response, and Dr. Cyrus
wiuier win receive tne support that his lead
ership In this work of mercy requires.
It must not be supposed that the great
benefaction of the Rockefeller Foundation
obviates tho need of charity In other direc
tions. Let everybody help, each In his own
way and each according to his own ability.
Sure of the Game
DR. JOSEPH KALBFU8, secretary of tho
State Game Commission, In his valuable
articles recently printed in tho Evxnino
Ledoeii, asserts that game la plentiful In
The genuine sportsman will be the last to
take any advantage of our well-stocked
woods: he goes forth not In the lust of car
nage, but accounts his skill of more credit
than the size of his bag; he loves tho sport
chiefly for the contact It gives him with
God's great out-of-doors.
A day In tho woods Is one of Nature's best
Tecuperatlves, and at this time of year there
are rich beauties of forest and field that no
other period can rival. Fortunate Is ho who
can combine with the Instincts of the sports
man the appreciation or the artist.
Perpetual Motion Prosperity
THE newest prosperity nostrum comes
from a Chicago contractor. The labor
unions have only to cut a third oft their
wages, he says, and there will be a big boom
In construction.
How simple! Yet how far-reachlngt The
worklngtnan can then start a prosperity
propaganda of his own. He can go to the
grocer and explain that If the grocer would
out a third off the price of food, there would
be a big boom In groceries.
After that, the grocer can pass It on to the
middleman and the wholesaler and the manu
facturers and by nnd by the proposition will
be back to the contractor to cut one-third off
, the cost of his buildings. Perpetual motion
achieved at last!
Mixing Movies and Drama
THB all-conquering movies have moved
Into the theatre In a new sense this sea
son. They have invaded the plays them
selves, filling In with connecting action the
Intervals between scenes on the stage. Phila
delphia has not yet seen at) example of this
feW departure; but two successful dramas
r now current elsewhere in which the mov
&r picture plays a part hardly secondary to
$aa ' the actors.
In Sfcakaspaaro's day playaj were written
ia vry much the form of the present movies
a great number of abort and diversified
ijWW. With moving pictures for interlude
WMI tne scene U changed, a reallstle drama
wtf t-runnlng adventure is now possible.
oast tell what theatrical amusement will
Mfct) In W year 7
Pity tha Poor Ball Playar!
CT1H1H ha been the ry of the player -J4tC
since tha beginning ,f professional
jswfc-tll, ?h fans bar taken it up. too.
ffeqr a that, became h is bartered,
ItM-fbi and a-M, a it a ata-vo. T b wz.
Urn s&uritt i evgaaiaaQ oaMbail a Rly tae
atrBuz.tlvc of acgeptiag a contract or rtlr
fckjr fnwn u diioJ. bat uawtalnly ba to net
m.4rvi& kM t0tt 4r. teww, fa kaa
mm4 m mm mm- .m.
of tho Fedoral League ho mado himself
ridiculous with his demands, which wero In
spired by the contracts nnd big bonuses
offered to his playmates by the "outlaws."
Tho lure of gold has turned the head of tho
Player Until today lie, and ho alone, can be
held responsible for the deplorable condition
Into which the national pastime has fallen.
Tho owners aro out for tho monoy. They
make no secret of It. The player is out for
tho fiamo thing, yet by his short-sighted
policy, his foolish demands, ho has been kill
ing, by degrees, the gooso that laid the golden
egg. Indeed, tho poor gooso Is now on the
vergo of dissolution, and only by tho greatest
diplomacy can tho game be saved.
Railroad Directors Indicted
THERE will be nlmost universal concur
rence In tho indictment of 21 directors of
the New York, New Hnven and Hartford
Railroad Company on I ground that they
conspired to monopoll? tv.rstato commerce.
Following tho mlson tioti of tho railroad
its a transportation bulurw, with frequent
wrecks of trains and tin apparent wanton
disregard of life, came the revelations of
mismanagement of finances so gross as to
shock oven hardened flnunclcrs of the old
exploiting school.
Hut the feature that attracted most atten
tion and which now forms tho basis of tho
Indictment of the directors was the flagrant
manner In which the company spent tho
stockholders' n oney In enterprises that wero
beyond the province of legitimate railroading,
Btii'h ns the acquiring of steamship and trol
ley lines and waterfront rights. The di
rectors, apparently, weie moro or lesi Ig
norant of what was being done, but their
responsibility was nono the less great on
thnt account. Tho public will have moro
faith In railroad management If this chap
ter of tho New Haven's history Is dealt with
The Crescent Threatens the Nile
FOR forly years Great Britain hns been
wot Icing for tho redemption of Egypt,
and tho work she has dono In that ancient
land has been nojhlng short of a miracle.
It Is inconceivable that with Lord Kitchener
at tho head of tho Wnr Department England
has not -foreseen and provided for such nn
eventuality as Turkey has precipitated.
Kitchener's two greatest pieces of work
wore as Sirdar of Egypt and Military Gov
ernor of India. Ho knows Egypt moro Inti
mately than nny living man, and ho knows
the religious temperament and tho military
resources of India. It Is a comparatively
short voyago from Bombay to Suez, and it
would not be at nil surprising If Hindu
troona arc nlrendy en routo for Port Said.
Furthermore, It Is folly to think that India Is
all Moslem; tho Hindus, Sikhs and many
other important elements of tho Peninsula
nro decldely anti-Moslem, nnd would rejoice
to fight their hereditary foes on behalf of the
British Raj.
Eye Before Palate
CHICAGO announces that 500 saloonkeepers
havo withdrawn from tho "booze" busi
ness, and that $500,000 In license money must
therefore be subtracted from the annual rev
enues of the city; but It Is quite unlikely that
Chicago has any reason to feel Borry.
The economics of the barroom aro pretty
well understood nowadays, and the time has
passed when rum revenue was considered
any contribution to the wealth and welfare
of a community. News comes also that 60
saloons havo disappeared from Brooklyn In
tho last year, while (he number of moving
picture houses has increased by 100. Brook
lyn sees a connection between these facts.
The explanation from Chicago Is divided Into
two rarts: war taxes and decreasing sales.
Tho latter part Is the more Interesting and
Carlyle said that no lie can last forever.
Neither can an evil business. Both are cer
tain to be found out.
Rockefeller Fund for Europe
ONLY men of limited vision and ossified
heart will offer any carping criticism of
the use of the Rockefeller Foundation mil
lions for the relief of Europe. During the on
coming winter the suffering of the non-combatants
of the war-riven countries will be
far beyond the power of Imagination to por
tray. The women and children will bear the
heaviest burden of misery.
The money can be so used that America
may share in the benefits no less than Eu
rope. The famished and Ill-clad Belgians and
others do not need currency, hut food and
raiment, the very things we can sell to the
Rockefeller Foundation directors for trans
portation and distribution. Every dollar so
expended will give employment and cash to
American producers, and will have a tendency
to Increase prosperity on this lde of the
"They Also Serve"
BARRIB left America some weeks before
he Intended, because he felt In a vague
sort of way that his place was In England.
His short stature debarred him from the
army, but he wished to be where he might
render any useful service within hie powers.
Much the same spirit has spread through all
the men of letters of England and France, so
many of them antl-mllltarlsts.
Of those who opposed the three-year con
scription act in France, none was bitterer,
none more open in preaching mutiny than
the poet-novelist, Anatole France. Now, with
his country in the throes, he has stepped for
ward as a common volunteer, But he may
only feel his patriotism vindicated. His 71
yeare the pity of It! have burdened him
with HI health that the medical examiner
cannot overlook. He has Milton, however,
for solace;
"They also serve who only stand and wait.
Lawyers split hairs; wise men split tickets.
"Children First" is a motto with a place on
land Just as much as at sea.
Turkey prefers the fire of the Allies to the
frying pan of the Balkans.
The cheaper the oar a man owns the more
reckless he is with it.
Bcotamen are pelting egle's statue be,
cause he in too friendly . i the Kalter. The
results of his "Get rid of your kings" speech
have not yet been cabled from Berlin.
Will thero ever be a future age w(th an art
so debased or art appreciation no divorced
fraas life that it will treasure our mjseion
fumHHre as antique or our Remlagton re
pr4ueiWas as pictorial oLasalesT
"Crisp and clear" there are pa glare sat
isryiag wiU ts the weather sun's, UeU
ary. 44 oetuUaiy the year turnta few
ajM ia&4titis- aatftMM, bara te WOU,
MsjfeiK. tug rmrnth at Unnnmliin
Mr. Bryan Finds the War a Great Burden Business Interferes Materially
With Hia Income The Presidont and His Bull Whip Value of the
Man Who Thinks.
(Bfiectal Wa thin olon Correspendenet.)
TVTR. BRTAN has not had a very good
-TJ- Chautauqua season this year. Thou
sands havo regretted that the condition of
the public business required practically all
his time. He has made a number of
speeches, always to large and enthusiastic
audiences, and has lost nothing of his draw
ing power; but the year on the lecture plat
form has been the leanest In a decade. For
tunately, Mr. Bryan Is not altogether de
pendent upon his earnings from this source
for his comfort, and will suffer no serious
deprivations on this account. Naturally, In
these hard times, every llttlo helps, and the
expenses of being Promlcr must far exceed
the beggarly wages allowed by a billion-dollar
country for tho service. 1 his onion
farm In Texas, his alfalfa fields in Nebraska
and his orango grove In Florida It Is hoped
thnt ho will bo able to get along without
touching his principal or sacrificing his prin
ciple of holding that in reserve for a rainy
day. He was nover looking hotter, has never
worked harder, was never moro Impressed
with tho Importance of his great official re
sponsibilities, and vas never In closer har
mony with tho President.
THOUGH on Innocent pleasure bent, Mr,
Bryan Is of a frugal mind. Ho tells a
very good Btory on himself. Last summer,
and long before the buy-a-baleof-cotton
movement began, he woro at times, when
tho weather was very warm nnd there wero
not many people around, a cotton suit. An
old friend from one of tho Interior States
called on him ono day when ho was so ap
pareled, and could not help seeing that suit,
when something like tills occurred.
"Mr. Bryan, I do not mean to be per
sonal, but Is that tho suit your wlfo mado
for you?"
"No, It Is not," answered the Premier.
"It was made by a tailor down In Jamaica.
What do you think of It? What do you
suppose It cost? You know I must be eco
nomical." "Well, I suppose It will do," said the
friend who had put his foot In It and was
too bravo to run. "It cost, probably, $6."
"You are entirely wrong," observed tho
Premier. "It cost $3; the usual price is
$2.50, but I am a llttlo oversize and tho
tailor charged mo 50 cents extra."
m HE suit was made of cotton cloth that
had been used for bagging, and It Is
said that the faint stenciling marks of what
tho bags had held could be seen across tho
back of the coat. And It was a very good
coat and very serviceable withal, for It
was suited to the weather, looked as well
when It was mussed up as when It was
freshly pressed and served every useful pur
pose. President Harrison was credited with
tho saying that tho coat made the man, but
In this case surely his theory was exploded.
Mr. Bryan was simply showing In his way
that extravagance In dress Is one of tho
evils men should shun and Illustrating the
lesson so felicitously tnught by a practical
gentleman In his recent address to the
Credit Men of Philadelphia that "the time
Is coming when we shall put economy back
where It belongs."
Suits made from cotton cloth were all the
style In the good old days, and what was
good enough for masters and overseers then
would not be bad for other men now. There
aro persons still living, probably, who remem
ber when Senator Tillman woro copperas
breeches which were made of cotton dyed
with copperas and of a rich, luminous yellow
complexion, so to say, equally as startling as
That Duko of Portland, who died In 1883,
was known as the Invisible Prince because
of his love of privacy. At his country seat
In Welbeck, England, he constructed a sys
tem of underground passages and rooms
from which the light of day was excluded
utterly, in order that he might be free from
The Law of Lydford prevailed In the
Duchy of Cornwall, England, in other days.
Lydford, In the County of Devon, had a law
under which offenders were confined in the
dungeons of an ancient castle, so foul that
prisoners died before trial. This was
known as the "punish first, try after" law.
The Paradise of Fools of the Mohamme
dan and Buddhist religions Is supposed to
be half way between heaven and purgatory.
As there can be no sin without Intention,
infanta and fools cannot commit sin; but
not being believers, they cannot be placed
with the saints, so they are relegated to the
Paradise of Fools.
The Queen's Maries were four English
girls of that name, who became companions
of Mary, afterward Queen of Scots. They
were Mary Beaton, Mary Livingston, Mary
Fleming and Mary Seaton.
The source of the Yellow River In Thibet
is known as tho Bea ot Stars because of
the unusual sparkle of the waters. Southey,
in "Thabala, the Destroyer," used the
"Like a sea of stars
The hundred sources of Hoangho."
Ausonla was the ancient classic name of
Italy, from Auson. son of Ulysses and father
of the Ausones. Campbell, In his "Gertrude
of Wyoming." has the lines;
"Romantic Spain,
Gay-lilled fields of Franoe, or, moro refined,
The soft Auaonla's monumental reign."
All things that fade and fall
With a strange, haunted sound
Upon the aatered ground,
In sad September nights;
Apples and yellow leaves
And the low, ghostlike call
Of summer's lost dallghts
That griftve and grievM;
Of these be the song made,
Like them to fall and fade.
Of garden corners dank,
With piercing smell of mold,
Of summer's cup ot gold,
Wherefrom o dep he drank,
By the dry fountain's edge
Caat down and grown aruit;
Dust calling unto dust.
Sedge alcblng unto sedge;
Of theae Ut the song tell
That pteueth Autumn .
Of woods a painted seeae,
A boUow mimic show,
X bum- within whoea glow
A gTionlsg death is eea;
Of flow funeral
That tm not flowers at all.
But HtU papar shipei
An art faataatie ojmw:
la m has AHttmm vtut
Tfcat know h fc talk d.
e4 I BU. ta htsg WflpHmfi
the sickly hue of some of the khaki now re
quired by tho nrmy regulations.
SPEAKING of Mr. Bryan and his cotton
suit suggests another story about him,
told not long ngo by one of his most ardent
admirers and yet by an admirer who blurts
out things sometimes without thinking.
"Mr. Bryan Is a vory remarkable man," said
he; "a man In a million: say, In many mil
lions. I do not -indorcstlmato his great
ability, I do not discredit his character no
ono could do that nor do I minimize his
great popularity; but if It had not been for
the newspaper press of the country, nnd I
told him so, Mr. Bryan would now bo prac
ticing law at Lincoln, Neb., Instead of
being tho head of the President's Cabinet. I
tell you tho newspapers havo mado him what
he Is. If they had not talked about him, kept
him day after day, year after yenr, everlast
ingly 'played up' In news and edltorlnl col
umns, he could nover have nttalncd his pres
ont placo In tho history of theso times. I
think It was good work; but, great as ho Is,
sincere ob he may be In his policies, ho 1b
the product really of tho nowspapers and not
In any sense a self-made man. This Is not
a crlttclsm, but a plain statomont of a bald
IT MIGHT be said that Mr. Bryan Is not
tho only crusador who has been kept nllvo
by excessive publicity. When ho was hero
Inst week, Lawyer Thomas W. Shclton, of
Norfolk, was talking about tho great uses
of much printing In nny cause. "Take almost
any Idea and keep pegging away at It and
you are sure to mnko people believe In It and
will win In tho long run If thero bo any merit
at alt In It. Take any man with nn Idea and
keep on preaching him up ns the exponent
or Incarnation of that Idea and tho people
will go to him and follow him, and tho moro
you can get tho papers to print about him
tho more certain It Is thnt he will score."
NE of the stories told at the Alfalfa Club
tho other day Is this: "I have Just re-
turnod to Washington from tho West nnd
found everybody, or nearly everybody, talk
ing about Wilson. You know, thero has" been
over so much talk about how tho Presidont
has whipped Senators and Representatives
Into line, and I met a number of mon out
thero who bellevo that, when things aro not
going along to suit him, ho goes up to tho
Capitol with a bull whip and actually lays It
on the backs of the stragglers and drives'
thorn into camp. Of course, we all know that
there la nothing In so ridiculous a story, but,
In a sense, that Is what ho uocs and It is
a mighty good thing for the country that
ho does." -
THERE never was a President who could
drive a Democratic team as Mr. Wilson
has driven tho present Congress, and he has
done It because ho know what It ought to
do. The caucus, which he did not fancy very
much when ho wa3 writing about It In his
books, has been of great use to him In carry
ing through his program, and tho machine
politicians, whom all men not connected with
the machines have despised, have been of the
largest servico to the President, and the
character of thofjCongress Itself has been a
great help to him. If such men as Vance and
Rnnsom, Morgan and PettuS, Harris and
Berry, Hampton and Butler, Hunton and
Daniel, Gorman and Carllslo and Bayard,
Hill and Gordon wero In the Sonate now, the
thing would not have beep qulto so easy,
which Is why many of the people think that
the less men know and caro tho more thoy
will do. It does not make a great deal of
difference If the President Is all right, of
course; but It might not go so well If an
other sort of man were In tho White House.
One strong-thinking man Is worth a ten
acre field of men who do not think.
Is tho movie theatre an antidote to the
saloon? Brooklyn thinks so. The evidence Is
the Increase In moving picture houses set
against a decrease of 63 In the number of
saloons doing business now compared to a
year ago.
The hundred new picture theatres are not
conclusive, of course, but there seem to be
good reasons for supposing that they are
taking care of a great many men who used
to turn to the saloon for evening entertain
ment. It is the night trade of the saloon that
is ordinarily most profitable, and It Is Just at
this point that It encounters the competition
ot the movies, which for the price of "two
beers furnish a full evening's entertainment.
After all, the usual motive for moderate
drinking Is companionship and diversion,
and where these aYe provided in a com
fortable hall nnd In an environment contrast
ing with the cheerlessness of the saloon, is
It surprising that the latter should suffer?
The movies, says nn editorial comment,
supply Just that e ement of Interest which
has been lacking In the temperance club
rooms and other artificial resorts advocated
as substitutes for tho saloon. They furnish
occupation for Idle hours that might once
have been spent in a saloon for lack of a
better place.
At present no one seems to be attacking
the movies as a "moral menace" of any
kind, as was the case when they were new
and an untried experiment in popular amuse
The most splendid failure In all hlBtory Is
that of Marshal Ney. "the bravest of the
brave." He won his memorable title In de
feat, and it was in defeat that the critical
moment of his life came at Waterloo, June
18, 1815.
From 4 to 6 in the afternoon came the at
tack of the French cavalry, led by Ney In
person. Nothing could be more majestlo
than their onset the gleam of so many
thousand helmets and breastplates, the acres
of wind-blown horse-hair crests and many
colored uniforms, the thunder of so many
galloping hoofs, Wellington had ordered his
gunners to Btand until the French were
within reach ot their guns, and as the mag.
nlflcent squadrons came pouring down upon
them tho bravo fellows raked their enemy
with enfilading shrapnel, grape and Bolld
shot On they came. Indifferent to the lira
charging magnificently. As they came un
the slope, drunk with the rapture of victory,
squadron after squadron broke Into. h,t,
of victory. The gunners retired over the
hill; no, enemy was seen. Ney had con
quered and Waterloo was won for the
Not yet I
Suddenly before them thero rose tho dou
ble line of British oblonga, with their fringe
of steady steel. Standing thero with Brit
ish obstinacy, almost stupid In the face of
that terrific onslaught, they awaited the
charge. In that one moment Ney should
have seen that bis work vru futile. But,
Intoxicated with victory, supremely confident
of himself, he saw nothing. Hurting his dis
organized cavalry against tha immovable
blocks, be charged on. A terrific, incessant,
murderous zig-zaggiag fire met him. Hones
and man tumbled ovt each other, rolled in
tha way of aeaing chargers, scattered
coafuslon is tha army of the Fresch. Theso
who broke ttuouab. tbe ftrtt line ware caught
U9 by t iwcaai. Tfco deadly voUays cft-
tlnued, and for two hours Ney throw him
self against tho solid mass. Thirteen times
Nay swept up to tho guns, broke on tho
squares and was thrown back, baffled and
In that defeat the seal of Napoleon's doom
was fashioned.
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin.
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State and Nation.
To the Editor of tht Evening Ledger!
Hlr-Acccpt a word of praise, although Miss
Mario Corclll's "English find" says: "To pnlut
the Illy Is ridiculous, etc." But your "Randall,"
in his Interesting article on that mutual admi
ration society, the American Bar Association of
Washington, gives a new and encouraging view
of lawyers. The prejudiced layman had re
garded as final tho dictum of Lord Brougham:
' A lawyer Is one who defends our estate against
our enemies only to keep It ail himself."
Hume held that "the sout Is a figment of tho
niaglnatlon.;' Yet everything now Is "psycho
logical " Wo havo a "psychological" President;
n "psychological" European war: and, as
Jeremy Uentlinm defined lawyers: "Accessories
to tho crimes they dofond," wo can understand
why lawyer aro praising our worthy Presi
dent Just before an election that Is to bo a
measure of ballot-box Intctllconcc .Turfee Clrav
says Mr. Wilson Is "without a perr." The Jurist
feejs that Mr. Wilson started a n lawjer, and
became a Piesldcnt Mr. Olno also lauds Mr.
Wilson. Mr. Olney originated tho "Venezuela"
message, and his testimony Is questionable.
Hence lawjers are "psychological." Lawyers
nro generally religious and most Inclined to
Presbyterianlatn; and that "omuls homo,"
Cromwell, asseited, "Presbyterians always did
what nns most suro to cross tholr own design
and hinder their own aim," and lawyers are
tnup tiue to their prototype statesman Pitt. "It
roqulrcd even Ingenuity to bo wrong, ami lie
succeeded." LESLIE CHASE.
Atlantic City, October 31.,
To the Editor ot the Evening Ledger:
Sir 1 suppose there have to be rush hours
on all trolley systems but I hate to go home
at night, it's a pleasant, happy home, but a
mighty hard placo to get to. I take a surface
car downtown. Sometimes I find a seat. At
evory stop tho car takes on moro passengers.
Pretty soon tho crowd Is so dense that there
Isn't room to read my Evenino LnnoEn. About
six squares from my destination I start for tho
door. About 12 square farther on I manago
to get out of the car. During my progress down
tho nlile 1 havo been shouting, "Out! Out!" I
have pushed every bell button I could reach. If
I glvo tho uiotoriimn a parting shot for earning
ma by my street, ho retorts that ho can't hold
the car nil night. Then I havo a long walk
home, and when mv wife sees mo she asks,
"Why, what's the matter, dear? Something
gone wrong?" All this happens every evening,
only usually I stand up In tho car, cither out
of necessity or politeness. Hereafter I nm go
ing to walk' homo from tho ofllco, three miles.
It will savo time, but won't be nv mnrn v.r.
clsc 0. B. S.
Philadelphia, November 2.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir "Wo must play a great part in the world,
and perform those deeds of blood, of valor,
which nliuvo everything else bring national re
nown. By war alone can we acquire theso virile
dualities necessary to win In tho stern strife
of actual life."
Kaiser William the Second? No, gentle reader,
guess again! General von Bernhardt, mouth
piece of German militarism? Once again! Glvo
It up? Theodore tha Great, ono tlmo Dictator of
the United States of America; winner of tho
Nobel Peace Prize, etc., etc., etc. Wilson's
watchful waiting to tho southward Is still a
question upon which Judgment may bo suspend
ed In the ever-expanding list of what-mlght-have.been
looms up Roosevelt's rigorous rows
with all the world. 1 hereby nominate Theo
dore Roosevelt a candldato for Innocuous Desue-tu,le-
Philadelphia, November 2.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir-Once in over so often, since the war be
gan, tho writers on tho war havo Bald that
If Germany Is defeated it will mean not only
tho end of m.lltarlsm, but the end of tho
German dynastic rule. This Is to any German
pure nonsense. Why wo should assume that
a military defeat will suddenly persuade mil
lions of loyal and enthusiastic subjects that
their monarch la unworthy Is a secret so pro
found that only the war correspondents can
make It out. Did 1870 havo that effect on
France, I mean In relation to militarism? It
Is part of the deep misunderstanding of Euro
pean character and Ideals which Is universal
In America for us to believe such things.
Vlneland, N. J., October 2.
We are tho one great nation that Is spared
from the prevailing madness. Tho President is
the one great Exectlve with influence powerful
enough at tho right moment to assert Itself. Wo
cannot humiliate him without humiliating our
selves. New York World.
Among the earlier consequences of Turkey's
taking up arms against tho Allies, tho most
nearly certain Is a declaration of war against
her by Greece. Rumania, also, and Bulgaria
may become Involved, the former as an ally of
Russia, the latter perhaps Joining Turkey In
reinforcing Germany and AuBtrJa. The ultimate
consequence will be the expulsion of the Turk
from Europe for all time. New York Times.
We hope that Minister Whltlock, who Is eald
to be living on peasants' black bread like the
people around him, will make frequent reports
of their condition, so that Americans can un
derstand what war and subjugation mean to
Belgium and give of their abundance generously
to tellevo the bitterest want and distress ever
recorded of a heroic people defending their land
from Invasion. New York Sun.
Evidence of better business in all textile lines
la furnished by the Increased operation of
machinery and the growing demand for help
The wheels are beginning to turn In a normal
way. and tho serious problem la enough skilled
help to permit of capacity production, Fiber
nd Fabric. .
The reading habits of the American public
Tiave been undergoing a decided change in re
cent yeare. The public libraries In general have
noted a progressive movement toward more sub
stantial intellectual pabulum. The college
libraries are said to have shown a similar ten
dency. Washington Time.
The New York World telegraphed to the
President of the Chamber of Commerce or the
Board of Trade In the 100 largest cities of the
United States asking the head of the most
Important commercial body In each city to wlro
In reply this Information;
How Is business now? ,
What Is the outlook ?
A large majority of these representative men
answered promptly and their repUt are given
here. The business sentiment Varies with the
section of country, as follows:
New Bngland-Desoribed generally aa "good
In spoU, bad in streaks, particularly the latter m
In manufacturing sections the depression la at
tributed lo tariff reductions. Dominant note
optlniUm and courage.
Eastern Statet-Generally speaking, more or
less below normal, due mostly to war, dlreatly
or indlreotly, but with many "bright spots"
where somo Industries are normal or above and
some mills and factories working day and night
Normal conditions predicted by January 1, mt,
Tho South-PraetieaJly all depression in the
South ascribed to the cotton situation. whUh
la partly offset by good Mops In sane aeuea
and by DuUte lraproyets and PtotBtcu of
Increased shipping la others. Strong faith la
Middle West-Conditions nearer normal thaa
la any other section, gaaaraUy drlbd as fair
to good. Prospect Bromlalng.
MoHBt.m and PactAe 8mt Blow SMsnal to
plae, bat garal condition good and la tH
aultural mUm ijwu. 6tttvk twtftbi.
Our Mis JJrinkley on " Br
trtetun BuvpretaeA lv ReqtetiJ
Last night tho SoJer Lad was called to
tho colors. Poor, handsome SoJer Lad I no
loves his country, but he loves his Lltt'e)
Lady best of all. He will go to tho war
and whllo the bayonets are screamtng over
head ho will think of her soft liquid llp
and her rich red eyes and her whole win
some, wayward wobbliness. Tho Little Ladjr
will sigh for her bright, handsome, knock
kneed SoJer Lad her own little Hojer with
the bright bluo uniform. Isn't he handsome
as ho marches by under the flapping, flut
tering flagging? Sho watches him and want
him to not, no never, be wounded. But
maybo the poor llttlo SoJer Lad wilt be Shot
In the wristl Poor Little Lady! Poor
SoJer Boyt Such are the horrors of war I
Opening of Navigation
Resumption of navigation on Salt River
is dated for Wednesday, November 4.
Ancient Theme
Turkey has entered tho war.
for the Thanksgiving Joke.
Just In time
" Made in Germany?"
"Tho Song of Songs," dramatized from
Sudermann's "Das Hone Lied," Is being ad
vertlsed as "an American play of today."
Villanelle: Chestnut Street
Aren't tho fashions grand this yt&r
Laco and velvet, grave and gay
Out on tho street when the sky Is clearT
Sorge and'llnon and silk so sheer, ,
Braid and trimmings on ratine.
Aren't tho fashions grand this year7
Black and purple and gray, not drear,
Clothing our feminine mortal clay,
Out on tho street when tho sky Is clear.
Over on Chestnut street, do you hear
Tho girls on tholr way to the matlneo:
Aren t tho fashions grand this ycar7"
Somo mado In Paris, others hero,
Somo go to theatre, others stay
Out on tho street when tho sky Is clear.
Hark to tho crltlcB without fear
jagony gazing, cheerfully say,
Arent tho fashions grand this year
Out on tho street when tho sky Is clear?"
How to Develop a Picture
(From Household Hints to Harassed
Tako a kind Swedish word, trim tho edges
carefully and add tho pulp of a beneficent
banana seasoned to taste. Taste. When
tho nim Is dry, wot It. Address It on tho
follies of Intomperanco and glvo It a copy
of Horatio Alger. Whon sufficiently de
veloped tako out of tho oven and slam tha
door. Servo In Individual plates, with "a
rork for onch person.
Inside Stuff
President Judge Mayer Sulzberger, of tho
uuu. .. vuiuiiiuii X-H.-UB io. , nas ncia inau
wo must continue to dnnco Indefinitely. Ths
Hands of Esiau. l
Fox-trot? Half-step? Or what?
Putting Ono Over on tho Censor
Ftorenca Quakes With Shock Headline.
Now although tho Btory wo read 'ncath this
Said nn earth tremor caused her to quake,
Tho truth Is that Florenco Just quivered with
Apprehension's what made Florence shake.;
For Flo know tho armies continued to kill,
And at chlvalrlc gentleness mocked;
jmu Knowing wnat happened to Nancy and
It's no wonder that Florence was shocked.
Quite Simple
"The man who tells how to end this Euro
pean war will never bo forgotten "
"w!lyt?"ny slmpleton could d0 tnat"
"Sure, Just get 'em to stop fighting."
.. , . Allies
Each day wo learn that tho Germans havo
8i?ue-on.;. Each day.they seem toYtart and
finish at the same point. ,
Are they using treadmills?
trolloy ca
;,'?' a regulnr trolley car of a man."
Yes, ho always has room for one more."
Influence of World's Serious '
LONDON Oct. 30.-The Athens corre-
KW10' thB.sta,r w'-es that series antu
British demonstrations have occurred at
Richard tho Lion Hearted
f lilehard Harding Davis is baekHeteM Itt.
W,RWM L!!L . .J ttle Au
ciT ii --- -v. (uw oiuries in van?
Shall we read no more how you lost and you,
This battle and that In Lorraine? '
Fie, Richard, dear lad- you back to tht
Tou havon't exhausted It quite.
Get back quick and send us a gooeuV in -,-
Of the exquisite nonsense you wrife. ".
Legal Stuff '
(Excerpt from a legal doemntat mui m
Th plaintiff complain and ayi
That A -X la owner ot an th,V
2ralconUuous altnaU In the Nth wardt
Some lots)
"Vice Versa
Headlina, '
"What They Mined
William Tell and Julius Caesar
Never turned an Ice cream freeaer.
Wellington and Bonaparto
Never took a Ford apart.
Cain and Abel. Eve and Adam.
Never motored on macadam.
From tho Cub's Notebook
The story of how Dr. Martin n n-.
baugh asserted his Independence of a2
Benator Edwin B. Vare tetSTby .odall
worker who enjoys the Intimate aVualn
tanceshlp of the distinguished educator
Before the primaries, when the Sunerla.
tendent of Schools was belmi Cmed
candidate for the gubernatorial nnmin.Tr,..
the South Phl.adeWader tad roS&ton
to call upon Doctor Brumbaughat hlTofflee
in the Stock Exchange Building,
One of Senator Vare's lieutenants, a vols
producer of unusual ability, complained that
although his daughter had pSedtS? cSm.1
peUtlvo examination she was unahl. t
obtain an appointment as 5 Veach.r S
the elementary sohoobi. Mr, VSd
to call upon the Superintended Wbfe
to exert his political influence Jn an effort
woman 'h9 a,5oIntment ' the young
He saw Doctor Brumbaugh. "Doctor?" ha
asked, "a there anything that can h2
anything that can be, done.
ror tms lady?"
..2H latter. J11"1 tor bis stenographer.
"Miss -, , Jet me havo a cony of the m
teachers' eligible list."
vara. There," ha explained, "you sea alt
f .n S th0 top-" K -
phatloally: "This young woman will notba
appointed until those who aro higher
the Hat have received positions." OTr '-
Senator Vare arose from hia chair. By
the way." he remarked, the doorknob iu
hia hand "I havo been readingTlot about
ySJrJcaTBUcr. - newspapers Ul
Oh. I haven't thought of thai. Senator '
"WW uioa,ff repuaO. "I m a-in r, ,.
at-a ojT
- .. -..w. ...jutmt

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