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mr?." ' ' "km n EVENING- LMDUKR PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1914. WEST PHILADELPHIA DEMANDS WOODLAND AVENUE ELEVATED AND FREE" TRANSFERS 'JT!r " m Tfc. fc CSV, M. is fetj WOODLAND 1' -WILL BE BOON TO PUBLIC I r TIME-SAYING Southwest Demands v Rapid Transit Sysiem "v That Will Give Davby Section Advantages of Residents Farther "' North. Five-Cent Fares, Free Trans fers and High Speed Will 5 Save Passengers Many Thousands o f Dollars Yearly. Thb Woodland avenue elevated line Will save passengers $122,000 a vear k.in time (815,683 hours at 15 cents an nouri. "The abolition of exchange tickets 4. .will save passengers In and tributary io west Philadelphia JZ84,0C0 per year. The recommended high-speed sys- K-tem 'will carry passengers between -.West Philadelphia and every other Important section of the city at hltih r. speed for five cents. Property owners along the Wood land avenue elevated line will gain millions, as did their neighbors alona I: the Market street elevated when that l-.llne was built. "More thnn 272.M0 people who live In 3Vst Philadelphia ato directly Interested tn and will be personally benefited by the plan for rapid transit development. rt.On. an average 3G5.000 passengers travel out of. Into and within West Philadelphia every day on tho street cars. It Is Interesting to note where these , P?opIo travel tc and from dally us ascer tained by tlio trafllc survey. k Two hundred and four thousand travel dally -between West Philadelphia and the central business district. .Many of these, however, take a north or south surface tine in' the business district to destina tion, paying iiti additional 5-ccnt fare, and tliclr movement beyond tho business dis tricts could not, therefore, be traced by ttttielB. Leaving them out of consideration: ov T Thirty-three thousand travel dally -JbetWeen West Philadelphia nnd South 7 PhUadriphla. ' " ' 'Fortf thousand travel dHlly between ""West' Philadelphia ' nnd North Phlla-' "clelphla. "'"'Three thousand travel dally between ' West. .Philadelphia, and Northeast Phll sa6,'Dhln. .filghty-flvo thousand travel dally rloeally In West Philadelphia. . I -WOODLAND AVENUE ELEVATED ..- LINE. The Woodland avenue elevated line Is designed to extend from a point of con nection with the Market street elevated title at 20th and Market streets, via South 3dth street and private rlght-of-jway skirting the easterly boundary lino pf the University of Pennsylvania and of the Woodland Cemetery to I'nsclmll tyvenue,- via Paschall avenue to Grays Ifqrry avenue, via Drays iVrry avenue' to-Woodlnnd avenue, and via Woodland avenue and a private risht-of-way for a short distance to Darby. z.'Thls line will open up a wide area In West Philadelphia for development and will tie Into Philadelphia that great out lying district which extends from Darby to'-and Includes Chester. , .Director Taylor has pointed out In the Transit Ileport: " "Philadelphia to remain a great com mercial cchtro and to becomo a greater one -must enable people of neighboring communities to reach here nnd do bust JJPS8 here more easily and to better nd Vantage than by building up their own Independent business centres, which they will, bo forced .to do unless Philadelphia tJiKos the mutter In hand and gives them asy access to and from her commercial districts." cfcNT FARES, FREE TltANSFEIlS. "'Under tho terms of the transit program the people who live In the district which will be penetrated by the Woodland ave iVue 'elevated line wll be enabled to take any surface line leading to and from the stations on the Woodland avenue de feated Une and transfer free between tw surface .lines and the Woodland ej-enue .elevated Une for one 6-cent fare. , iTha payment -of this one fare will en title passengers originating' on thoe sur face Jlnes to travel by way of the Woed &nd avenue elevated line and the other lines comprising the high-speed system la &-forward direction In Philadelphia by free transfer for one 5-cent fare, nnd will also will tie them upon leaving the )igh-speed system to take an additional lid? on the surface line leading from thethlgh'speed station In a forward di rection to point of destination on free transfer without extra charge. j.Jn brief this -means that persons living in the southwestern section of West Ifhlladelphia who desire to use the high jgieed systsm will be collected and dis tributed toy surface car Unas In the south lrtdtern section of West Philadelphia con veyed to and from tne Woodland avenue e&wttd Une, or the present Market street , rtTJn "" over wnion tney win na 1wfm to every outer station on tne system leaning' into south North Philadelphia, North. ielphla. Including Kensliuiton Frankord. and tbe Northwestern Mofe. and at the other end of the blgb- jeurney xney win incewise ne eoi- aa4 districted by tne surras ett leAdlnar to and irom tne poiut oi alien, all 'or one five-eent fare. VHtlM 1URRV FOR & CBHT8. 'iiftt Irolns en tbe Woodland avenue mc win uf nut imivwfu vm Frankford' or Gemees without Nth street and Woodland aveevne lorrd fc hi b -speed for nvo ceftM. ffttt Ut and Woodland avenue v v nUa aneed for ft cent. Ami abb street and Woodland aveeme to Bouta PBtladetnola for I eenU. With tate KrlvUese lo West vht u of using the si rfce car a' r-t . end of iu joruy In foir vij n.scliee aritiuKit W ctaM. alry car na(r siuHdd unJUHlllWl M &n Ud mxH V kiw o ' .. rc4-Mwli u tte MttmUM muvtet ham THE TAYLOR RAPID TRANSIT PLAN FOR ENTIRE CITY AT A GLANCE, mn, j,,,,,,, ',. ,,.lf SyZauxuuBBgr 'MY 1 .0-5 MINUTES. SAVED vzzz S. 551 5-IO West Philadelphia will be eliminated by the Woodland avenue "L" operated In this manner. The great number of passengers who travel dally between the southwestern section of West Philadelphia and the business district will bo enabled to ride comfortably on the existing surface lines with congestion removed, and those who live further out or prefer to use the Woodland avenue elevated line will be enabled to travel more quickly to the business district TIME-SAVING SCHEDULE. The Woodland avenue elevated line will cut down the time required to travel from: Sixty-fifth street and Woodland avenue to City Hall, from 28 minutes to 16 minutes. A saving of 24 mlnutss on the round trip, eixty.flfth street and Woodland avenue to League Island, from 42 minutes to 33 minutes. A saving of 18 minute on the round trip. Sixty-fifth street and Woodland avenue to Roxborough, from 78 min utes to 43ft mlnutis. A saving of 1 hour and 5 minutes on the round trip. Sixty-filth street and Woodland avenue to Broad street and Allegheny avenue, from S7yi minutes to 30 min ute. A saving of 55 minutes on tho round trp. Sixty-fifth street and Woodland avenue to Oermantewn, from 71 min utes to 44 minutes, A saving of 64 mlnutss on the round trip. 6lxty-fifth street .and Woodland avenue to Frankford, from 78 minutes to 44 mlnutss. A saving of 1 hour and W mloutM on the rounfl trip. Stxty-HHh street and Woodland avoouo to Qiney. from Ttyx minutest to i minute. A saving of 1 hour and It sainfctM on the W V if. A bwo iirt of Uss Urns savlsx: wMi ba sonde Milbl to tfcs .great majority el stmt en ;Mera to tod jtvot tew awtk- 15-20 MINUTES SAVED 20-25 " 4 25-30 Z western section of West Philadelphia. 'Time Is money," and they propose to save both time and money by backing up the transit program. The program for rapid transit develop ment as arranged between Director Tay lor and officials of tho P. It. T. provides for the elimination of exchange tickets between surface car lines and for the Issuance of free transfers between sur face car lines instead. EFFECT ON REAL ESTATE VALUES It will be of particular Interest to resi dents of the southwestern section of West Philadelphia to anticipate a similar In crease In the value of their properties to that which followed the construction of the Market street elevated In the district served thereby. For the period from 1906 to 112, the In crease In taxable values in all of West Philadelphia was 60,17,7, or M.9 per oent., while the Inerease of taxable values In other residential districts of the city, excluding West Philadelphia, was only 3C.3 per cent. In the th Ward, which adjoins Market street on the south, extending from 4tth street to City Line, and which Is directly served by the Market street "L." the valuation of unimproved real rstuW in W was ra,009. although It was only assessed at $0 er cent- of that amount. In 19M the assessed valuation of tne same property In -that ward was Increased to 1,SH,W0 (basts WO per oent.). In 11J it still further increased to tl.Ml. Sfci, or a total increase in It years of MS per cent. This la particularly Interesting to tbe bolder of the vut tracts of real estate tributary to tbo Woodland avtoue ele vated line, which arc undeveloped and which will roal&tii largely uutmlli upon as loug u Uy continue to be unavailable for iidiwitol nmrpTos by ioaso of tb lnk of ealur of tho oxUUag linen carry any more MopM to and frohn suon diairteta, and the f rent ixujtt of Un 'V sbewly0 PRESENT-6 apd tbanst uab z:SUBWAy RAPID TRANSIT JLWS KC0MA1ENDED FO& ooooeoo ELEVATEDS IMMEaiATB COAST&tCTCW SURFACE FEEDERS TO BE USED A CVAfMOA By P3ESEAT AND RECOMMENDED SAPID TRANSITLIWS aaj -tJao Ki FEEDERS TO RECOMMENDED New TRACKS J dapo taaS7 MPS EXISTING TRACK) RAPD CAMDEN TUNNEL necessary to reach such property bystreet car transportation from the business dis trict. WHAT RAPID TRANSIT DID FOR ' NEW YORK. An exhaustive InvoBtlgatlon of tho ef fect of the construction of rapid transit lines on the value of real estate served wan conducted by the City Club of New Vork In 1W8, und Its report thereon was filed with the Board of Estimate and Ap portionment and with the Public Serytcs Commission, In New York city. It discloses the following facte which will be of vital Interest to real estate owners in Philadelphia. The method pursued In arriving at the values was as follows; Assessment values, as given by the T5e partment of Taxes and Assessments, were taken for the year 1500 on vacant lots on a basis of 60 per cent of full value for district from 79th to Spuyten Duyvll; Si per cent, between Central Park and the Harlem River, and 69 per cent, lu the Bronx. These were compaed with the assess ment value of JS on a W per cent, basis for all oi these districts, and In each ease the fdlt valu was obtained by raising the assessment Sgures to W par cent. In tho districts which were largely built up all vacant lata were listed. Where there were few buildings, as In tbe extreme northern -portion of M,an- TRANSIT NEDS IN NORTHWEST On Thursday the Evening Ledger will snow- & uaoessity for bolter transit faculties la tha northwestern section of the city. Including Roa borough. Alanayunk. Falls uf Schuyl kill and German to wn Tha need lor taujurovemont to, the Uuit oiuuuiuu i tbe Oerinnasown section nine wUl b WMBteri out. SHOWING TIME SAVING TRANST LINES hattan, a su (Helen t number of such lots were taken to show the general land values, and from these was figured the total value for the district. To ascertain the proportion of Increase in land value attributable to the building of the subway it was necessary to deduct from the total rise, what might he termed a normal rise, or the Increase that would have taken pli-ca through tho natural growth of the city without the added stimulus of a new transit line. COMPARISON OF VALUES. The only basis of arriving at a Judg ment of what such i normal rise prob ably was Is to ascertain the rise for a period of equal length under normal con ditions. Accordingly the Increase in value of the same-land during the pre ceding years from IMS to 1900 was de termined. It was found that values rose during this period of seven years on an average of about W per cent. In the district on the west side below' Wth street, on an average 'of about O per cent, from this point north to the Spuyten Duyvll. These percentages, then, may be taken In these districts as te best basis as certainable for a Judgment as to the nor mal rise for a period of this length, and If subtracted from tbe rise which tool? place along the subway from UOO to 1907 should Indicate tbe effect of the subway on land values during the latter period. By applying- this method it was dis covered that tbe land from 7th up to 2ttth street and between Central Park end the North River had Increased on an average about 46 per cent., which is about tho expected normal rise. In the district along the Lenox avenue line seuth of tho MarWin River tha average Inert was nhout 41 par cent., which would in dicate tint tbo Und did. not Increase In vahie dun lo the building of tbe subway. Tit explanation uf this unexpected co ditluli is. no doufcc tintl an elevated road already existed to j?lve fair nervlce to these district!), so that tho additional fa cilities had little effect on land value ex cept In the Immediate vicinity of Btibwny stations. The rise In land value nlong the Broad way branch from ltoth to 129th street was much more noticeable, averaging about 70 per cent., hut the locating of Columbia University nt this point affected values to tho extent that makes It quite Impossible to arrive, nt nny reliable con clusions as to the proportion of rise which could bo attributed to the subway. WHERE LAND VALUES JUMPED. The situation from 133th Btttrt north ward, however, Is entirely different. Dc tween lKlh street, tSSth street, Content avenue nnd the North River, the land Increased In -value between 1000 and 1907, about $17,825,000. Although the elevated road paralleled this district, yet, owing to the topocrnphy, the road was of llttla service so tho subway added very ma terially to the transit facilities of the locality. Tho district between tho Hnrlem nnd North Rivers from IGSth to 178th street Incrensed In value about (22,150.000; from 178th stret to Dyckmnn street tho In crease was about $15,923,000; from Dyck mnn street to the Spuyten Duyvll tho In crease; was about 113,100.000. Tho ag gregate rl?e In this land from 135th slrot to Spuyten Duyvll wna $69,300,000. If an cstlmntcd normal rise of $20,100,000, basod on the rlso of tho previous seven years, bo subtracted from this, It leaves a rise of about $19,200,000 apparently due tn tho building of tho subway, which Is 101 per cent. Incrcaso In tho value of 1900. HOW BRONX WAS HELPED. Tho rlso of land values In the Bronx Is likewise very noticeable. Taking tile district along tho subway, extending In width one-half mile on either side, the Increase In land values wns as follows: From the Harlem River to Willis nnd 2d avenues, tho rlso was nbout $9,200,000; from that point to Prospect avenue, nbout $22,100,000: from the latter point to Bronx Park, about $1.1,600,000. Tho nggrcgate rise of land values for this district from tho Hnrlem River to tho Bronx Park was about $14,800,000. Sub tracting from this the nggrcgate normal rlso of $13,500,000, It leaves an Increase of $31,300,000 duo to the building of tho sub way. As prolouely stnted. tho nTgregato rise of land values nbovo 123th street In Mnu- hnttan caused by tho subway was $19, 200,000. The cost of building tho subwny from this point to 230th street was $7,375,000, or but 13 per cent, of tho nctual rlso caused by tho now line. In the Bronx the situation wns In most respects similar. The acsregnte Incrcaso In laud values (of the district extending nbout one-half mllo cither side of the subway) due to tho building oi tho sub way, nnd In excess of the normal rise of $13,500,000. wns about $31,300,000. Tho cost of tho linn from H3d street to Bronx Park wns about $3,700,000. COMPARED WITH SUBWAY'S COST It will bo noted that tho aggregate rlso In land vnluo In Manhnttun, from 135th street to Spuyten Duyvll, and In tho Bronx, duo to tho building of the subway, was $80,500,000. The coBt of the entire subwny, from tho Battery to Spuyten Duyvll and the West Farms Branch to Bronx Park, was but $13,0CO.0O0. It Is particularly Important to the hold era of real estate tributary to the Wood land nvenue elevated lino and to tho pres ent nnd future surface, lines which, will act as feeders thereto, with free trans fers, to push tho transit development. Tho district served by the Market street elevated lino has profited largely and dis proportionately to other sections of tho city by tho advantages afforded. by rapid transit. It Is becoming a big city In itself. Largo and prosperous shopping districts have sprung up nt 52d and Market strcots and 60th and Markot streets, with the atres, stores, banks and other Industries. The present rapid transit line running to West Philadelphia has In tho last ten years diverted and concentrated tho city's growth largely In tho district served thereby. Tho section served by the Market street elevated Is now well built up nnd pros perous, but tho people who use the Mar ket street clovatcd demand ready access to other sections of tho city which the additional high-speed lines will afford. Tho people of the southwestern section of West Philadelphia are aware of the advantages already gained by their neigh bors who are served by the Markot street "L," and they want to ahare In these advantages, Including the privilege of traveling with comfort, convenience and saving of time which will bo largely in creased when tho Woodland nvenuo ele vated and the other high-speed lines nro built. WOODLAND "L'S" ADVANTAGES. These are' nil factors which contribute to general prosperity. The people of tho southwestern section of West Philadelphia Justly demand that they bo placed on a basis ot equality with their neighbors. Tho Woodland avenue elevated lino will effect n Eavlng In time for 67,000 people dally. Including those who live tributary to the surface lines acting as feeders. The present Market street elevated line saves time for 165,000 people dally In West Philadelphia. The Woodland avenue elevated line, which will serve the people of the south western section of West Philadelphia, will cost only about $1,390,000. The present Market street subway-elevated line with equipment cost about $20,000,000. The construction of the Woodland ave nue elevated line Is undoubtedly a wise Investment for the city, as It will In volve nn annual Interest and sinking fund charge ot only C.5 per cent, on about $1,390,000,. or $285,000. Under the pending constitutional amendment, it ratified by the people next year, this annual fixed charge will be reduced from 6.5 per cent, to S per cent, by r, reduction In the annual sinking fund charge from 2VJ per cent, to 1 per cent. This would make the annual fixed charge on the Investment In the Wood land avenue elevated Une only $219,000. ULTIMATE PROFIT TO CITT. This annual fixed charge will pay for tho entire cost within the term of the bonds, and the city would then own the AVoodland avenue elevated line, free and clear of any ihdebtedness incurred to construct tho same, as a great municipal lneome-produelng asset. The following are certain Items In ad dition to the net Income of be Woodland avenue elevated line which may be used in considering the additional Indirect off set to the fixed charge. 1. Annual laving to West Philadelphia passengers due to the elimination of ex change tickets under the terms of the program, as stated. 2. Annual saving of time to passengers ih the southwestern section of Weit Phil adelphia tributary to tho Woodland ave nue elevated 815,688 hours at 15 cents per hour liat.OOO annually. 3. Increase of revenue to the city re sulting from Increase of taxable values In the southwestern section of West Philadelphia. Special advantages to patron of the Market street "L" and broad advantages to all of West Philadelphia will result from the adoption of tht program. The construction of the hlgb-s&eed tyetew will enable passenger utex tbe present Market street elevated to reach any Iwpertajtt aeetlon of the city by Cwluad en fwM xtueo Transit Program In Brief The transit program provides for the operntlon of all high-speed lines In conjunction with the surface system, which will serve as the agent for the gathering and distributing of passen gers using tho high-speed lines with out extra charge. Thus the advantages of rapid tran sit will bo extended ns equally as practicable to every front door in Philadelphia. Passengers will bo enabled to travel In n forward direction between every Important section of the city and every other Important section of tho city quickly, conveniently and com fortably by way of the combined sur face nnd high-speed lines, regardless of the number of transfers required in so doing, for one 5-cnnt fare. Eight-cent exchange tickets are to be nbollshed. TRIALS OF TRANSIT CONVINCING PROOF OF NEEDED REFORM Journey From Darby and Return Trip in Crowded Cars Aptly Illustrate De ficiences of Present Sys tem. Stnndlng room only Is the rule on the Woodland avenue line, whether von nr "going cast or west, nnd n rldo In either direction would convince any one of the necessity of tho Improved elevated system as outlined by Director Taylor, of tho De partment of City Transit. Discomfort and delay nro tho chief features of the Darby cars as they now exist. To get the facts an Evening; Ledobr reporter took the ride both ways, com ln(f In from Darby on the surface-subway lino Routo No. 11 and going out on tho surface lino from Front and Chestnut streets. When the car started at 63th and Wood land avenue nt 7:52 a. m. every scat was tilled and nt 63d street two minutes Inter every strap was occupied by n hanger-on. Tho best thnt the most gallant man could do was to surrender his precarious hold to any woman who boarded the car later nnd, even this favor was thankfully re ceived. Tho passengers wcro packed like sardines long before 33d street was reach ed, and It was only the wedge-like forma tion that kopt tho standcrs on their feet. Amons tho straphangers were moro than a scoro of little working girls. It could bo scon by their careworn faces thnt they wore accustomed to It. They know thnt seats were out of the ques tion, so they Just hung on or leaned against tho edgo of n seat whenever the lurching crowd shifted them near one. ' CAR' 'PACKED TO LIMIT. . It soemed almost Impossible for nny more to got In tho car when D2d street was reached, but nt this point nnd also at 19th street fully two dozen more were ndded to tho crowd Still moro wcro taken on at lOtli street, but they managed to squeeze In somehow. Tho car stopped at intervals before teaching Thirteenth street, und probably half a dozen more were placed somewhere Inside. When the tightly packed passengers were llnally landed ut tha subway, Thir teenth and Market streets, there was a general sigh of relief and a rush for tho doors. Then most of them pushed their way Into a car of tho elevated line nnd somo obtained seats. It was S o'clock when the car reached Thirteenth street, and at 8:06 many of tho passengers were ut Market street ferry, the trip from Darby taking 31 minutes via the surfaco subway combination. ALL-SURFACE NEARLY AS BAD. To determine whether conditions were any better on the all-surfaco line. Route No. 13, the reporter took the trip to Darby from Front and Chestnut streets. Conditions were slightly better In thlii case, but the standing room began at Tenth and Walnut streets, and thcra was not a seat available until 63d and Cheater avenue was reached. From Tenth to Fifteenth the car filled until every available space was occupied, But It was noticed that the westbound passengers did not complain as much ns those who rode In town In the morn ing. The spirit of quiet resignation was prob ably duo to the fact that the day's work was done and home was waiting for them. Then, too, a good night's sleep, would brace them for the morning ride. The westbound trip started at 5:5 p. m., nnd endetj at the Darby terminus at 6,3o', This 15-mlnute Journey to Darby is Jutt 11 minutes longer than the trip In on subway-surface. The Market street elevated-subway. from 69th street to Market street ferry, covers practically the sama distance In M minutes. Instead of S3 minutes in and mln- U,e,1J?,n .tha new "P' transit plan providing fpr an elevated road will re ?.ce ,t,ha, trlp ,to M m'nutcs each way to !yUM.,.,mak,"!a B8vlns minutes for the riders each day. Afcorilnf to. ,he calculations of Di rector Taylor, had tho high-speed Wood. Una nvenuo line to Darby been built In 1913. there would have been a time savlnir of U.9U.00O minute, in the year, Esrna ed at a cash lalue of 15 cent per hour there would have been a saving of $1W0. Based upon the growth In Population Mr. Taylor figures that In im there would be a saving of 100,100.000 minutes or a saving In cash value of 1360,000. It is predlated that when the proposed rapid tranelt system is completed tho Woodland avenue section win grow more rapidly in proportion to present popula tion than any pther section of the city. Connection la made at Darby with suburban rallwav. ,ki.k ... .. dystone, Chester and Wilmington ., . f ,zj lUB "oooiana avenue dis trict, tributary to the Woodland avenue elevated line, will be able, If necessary, to take the surface ear lines leading to tha stations of the Woodland avenue ele vated and then travel over any or all of the lines oomprUIng the high-speed J tem In the city to a forward direction Then. If necessary, take a surface car line front the station where they iea.e the high-speed system to point of desti nation, all for one PIVB CENT FAHE The elimination of exchange tickets m save money to th rAJAA,.ft .,r ..- u, . , land avenue duutet t trarebn vj u,,., nsuvnA rl J .. Hvr -4-,.- ; Jh4W- -dSS4Hfc. tK.. , N . a mMiaAn4h, MMfeto 8-t !-- .-3 .