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f-fem.: . IrarH rt Sfs Desp fn-1 kave tne ofl afternj awatal ... At srtjjt ; bBCottij son no i irrfJJs ffccl'l i in j (to Noven front uy nr lehl "Xfe OMq I hew pattfcw W FoUr "Th Sltua ill Vmi In th Uons "th AdcJ looses lmoM.i A Irl tejnpt now i mpvpn rclnfo with throuii els Pi Ace hind open FrencS lies follow! The West move Adl forniiJ the melitl brg. nlnKJ coast! BritH answl only! cahng Brltii whtcfl near have tstab t or s Fl todn bu m ami thi till ' f IP J far j, ctem (Km i JbB, L ' frJLwiS$Kil5s- rf i9jn t jv ram lUair u Sr TIE WW BH Br sEf 3&t Wss & fli R nimt 1S6? w Pniitg fter WJBLtC LEDGER COMPANY waai -.jr.. ?" H K t'BTi. rtiiRt. Vffi 4. Secretary John C Martin, TreAsrarn vn! M TartinttOB. fhlllp S falling Jehn JJ TTC- EuiTont aL noAntji j fc. 4 ' ' taos H. It Coins, Chairman". fjf. Jr. HAt,HT K.M,il,. Wfr ;.yArtTtM' Otfrtral nualneM Manager rHMlhd in kt rontio imtn nuiuin. j . jnticpnienee equate, Fhnadelplita. w rV "Biiy uucsinui oirrci Oft: . . v,v v' e:""'. ?"" Set -W Heme Inturnnw nulldlnr invert 8 Waterlfta rI.,i rli Ht.it d it- " " " " - , M. H1.WB UUJIKAU3! 3. rail Mull Unit. S W. .32 rtua Louli la Or and SUBSCRIPTION TEnMS ?Sf af lr&iR!illiv',tT' "' tM- ni" '"" r'ipH SrlBtfrSri;!? V,,hf do""" mull Vihl wrfptions payable In advance I SEiX, 30QO WALNUT KE1 STOE, MAIN 300O i " Adtma oil ommiifcoHuia to Ktettlnir proper, jnnepctutenee 5atmre, Philadelphia i aHfaiEo at ns rmt.ADri.riiu rosrorrics as secomo- 1 fUM UAH, UATTM in -i rilltADELTniA, TttESUAY, NO UlnER 2, 191. Tinio for Councils to Act EST IVOHT Director Taylor went further than he had et gone In his campaign of tuVatIort on tho rapid transit systoni. He demanded immediate action, practically Ignoring tho Union Traction Company, and "pointing out the entire feasibility of the city Kolns ahead whether the plans for operating the new lines when completed havo been nerved iirimt ni nnt kS Tt 11 Htlr fnt. rttt rn.in..ll. .. t.. MMi, 'defintiely to establish the routes nnd submit them to the Public Scrvlco Commission for ' Its approval Tho entire program calls for ah annual fixed chnrgo of only $2,930,000, which includes not only Interest charges, but a sinking fund also, which will in 30 years extinguish the debt entirely and leave tho city In absolute ownership of the magnificent fntftrnrlBfl. ,, To offset this charge there will bo a tangl blo annual return to the city of ti, 300,000, re Bulling" f rom increased rcnlty values, savlnir ? In time, elimination of exchange tlckots and .the subsidy granted to Philadelphia by tho pono mill tax on personal property by the omm. lt will be foolish In those circumstances to wait indefinitely for tho Union Traction Com pany to say whether or not It wishes to par ticipate in this splendid municipal program. It is involved to tho extont of a relatively Binoll sum only too small an amount to tie Up the plans and futuro of Phlladelnhln. It ijj has been offered remarkably favorablo terms, imnougn tne city has always held tho whip hand. If It cunnot sco this, so much the wnraA for thn pnmnnnv l?ttf If r.nfrir,n hH1il 5. Hhls great city back and prevent the achieve ., - -.. vv.....,s , WUb !. .tVllltll ilUJU ment of proper transit facilities. - Councils should wait no longer. The time Is ripe for action. The J500.000 recently voted tat tho relocation of sowers should be made nVallable, the plans In general Indorsed nnd arrangements made for an election In which tho citizens can record their practically Unanimous approval of tho enterprise. Rumor in HyLcrboIe -TVrR' BnTAN wl" not "slgn. It Is re it' i.Vx.markable that anybody ever thousrht ha (-- would. A? well expect the Atlantic to roll li back from tho American beach Into tho con- nnes or tne Mediterranean. For Mr. Bryan, diplomat maxlmus and peace-lover par excel lence, "stands with his arbitration treaties In ono hand and a dove In tha other and both feet on tho neck of Mars." Thence move him not, even by rumor, lest the dogs of war, unwatched, sheak Into the capital by night and devastate all things, JVe havo a champion of peace and we are "going to keep him until skating becomes tho principal mode of travel In the regions of Mephlstopheles. He Is cemented to the Job and nothing less than an election to the Presidency will pry him loose unless-, of courso, Doctor Brumbaugh or Mr. Borah or ora other person hostile to platltudlnarlan Ism is put In charge of Upcle Sam's stables. s I A Legal Discovery Late in the Day rjVHJB seerna a ridiculously late day for dls t covering that a wife has a legal right to , presents given her by her husband. But It has taken the year of our Lord 1014 to bring mai uircision out 01 me supreme court of VSHssQuri. A few little evidences like thl of -tllA fftimt NllH1fntfnn nf tvnmnn 1n n t ,. a -?Vlinslrigr the day when the ballot will give 1-r. rights instead of privileges and disabili ties. t Evidences of Immortality fTIHAT there is a continuance of conscious , X Hfo after .tha death of the body has been almost a universal belief Primitive tribes that, appeared to have no other definite arti cle of faith had an Instinct for immortality. Jt hart always seemed impossible that the qualities of tho soul should perish because the physical functions ceased. But whenever man have tried to prove that not all dies they havo found little or nothing to offer. There la' the Inveterate belief, but that la all. Now one of the greatest living scientists ays that no has tha proof; he has talked to friends who have died: they have understood htm and he nas understood them. Blr Oliver lge la world famous for his pioneer work physics and electricity. He claims that evidence of Immortality that ha possesses sta,nd the most severe tests to which ejjtntlsUf can put It. Certainly if a trained mind like that of Blr Oliver Lodge la satisfied o the reality of his Intercourse with the other world the ordl iv Rn should feel that hla cherished faith trngthensd. It Is to be hoped that when ; reeulU of the distinguished scientist's WjbHjratlons aro published tbey will be of n WTWUre tnat wey win maice it possible err one to get nrst-nana proof for him. "Stuttlttfdea now ara wllllnr to believe.' but'thsy will rejoice to know. "" '" ' " ' " "' na, "'pi War Is Insanity ONJ&autherUy has set tha toll of the Buro jtwtn. war at P.000.699 casualties In 15 Mpg; Omntad that tha number la a ruees .. exaggeration, tlw pri. in i,u. rapajtfcmii't fc Wgh that It win JjandWap lafcpW!"1 capaeHy of the several ftatlew vlw r tkrea genewttiona. SPwiPrI wt af war U not finanetal. Maney 1 tfli. v. UIIHAUB I i4UMWtSBB& ftCBKAV... , Thl pa(rJA n.ilMlnr fjnSFit.'lss?'' -J' & mm i SI.J1MJ' "'n The Tlmrt nufl.lln J l TiKi'iST." .BO FrteoTlehstraeiS , VktiS HVflttAV f. mway dtotrtbuted; If sasis oe afeflds it ' mm own wwt get It And tha wast an b HWaM& 9nt mXhlnir eu vr br)H5 back '.i aHC Pwsr that is lest wbn the viK itwm t& of nation are slain o tt"" . . . t p0m$f fttgwif .!( fwrt.- ' EVENING LEDGEn-PHILADJBLPHIA, nalBfaf ftsfturres are tett undeveloped and ra material unusid, the drop In population cauMvl by Incapacitating a million ttlen re strict every market, taxe fall heaviest Jost when th people nre least able to bear them War Is Industrial nnd sotftnl Insanity, mid no one mn yet estimate how mufii civilization must pay for the present carnage. Up to the Commission THIS afternoon at tho darrlck Theatre the representatives of 800 business organlza ! tlofla lend 1i meeting of protest rtgnlnst flroposed liirroB.se In commutation rates. It Is linrortunato that the 1'ubllo Borvlce Commission, the ono Instrumentality lluougli which the people can obtain redress, Is so limited In authorit) that it Is powerless to nppl. a remedy until a full hearing of the case on lis merits ha been held. The law Is palnfullj lax In this paitlcutar. Tho com mission tibtiounl) should have the right to suspend the inoposed into. It Is the rail roads that must prove the necessity for the Increases. The nsiumptlon Is that they are without Justification, for there has been no rndtcal chango In conditions which seems to warrant so revolutionary a revision of intes In tho exigency, It behooves the commuters ... to urge tho commission to give them nn Im mediate hearing. Tho tommlsslcn Itself must remedy tho dofect In the law by adjudicat ing tho cne In record time nnd thus giving nlmot ns Immediate relief as would have followed a suspension of the new tariffs. Kvory effort of tho complainants, therefore, should be directed towaid bringing tho com mission In this point of view. Tho commis sion, In fact, by prompt action can Justify Its cfllclency as an Instrument of government. It Is unfurtunate that the railroads, at tho very moment when public sentiment was bo coming fixed in their favor and against further baiting, should so boldly challengo opposition and enter on a program which Is certain greatly to Impair tho good feeling ex isting. They arc likely to lose moro from It than they can possibly gain, oven If, tho propor authorities acquiesce In tho Imposi tion of the now rates. Knocking Progress Into a Cocked lint MR. PERKINS, who was aii Influential Bull Moose when the Hull Mooso party was Influential, Is iultc sure that much of the business troublo of tho dny is duo to the fact that our statesmen learned economics when oxcarts wcro hauling most of the country's produce. Invention has mado that sort of economics a back number, but our legislators have failed to grasp so elementary a fact. Mr. Perkins Is right, of courso. There are men talking solemnly about restoring com petition by statute or limiting this nnd that business, as If tho whole trend of human development had not been tho nchlovemont of tho very things they nro endeavoring to outlaw and nre outlawing In too many In stances. A business Is not moral because It Is little or big, but It is big or little accordng as It Is moral. There are men whp havo done big things and will do big things no matter what captious little men say or think. It was an awful thing, no doubt, that tho electric light contracted the market of kerosene lamp manufacturers, but who would put Mr, Edi son in Jail on account of his Invention? The Ingenuity of man has playedliavoc with tho disorderly and wasteful processes of our fore fathers, but wo havo politicians who harp on tho good old days, and succeed too often In deluding otherwise Intelligent citizens Into behoving that things were better when they were not one-fourth so good. The improve ment our ancestors strove to secure, we have, and wo seem to bo quite amazed that it does not burn our fingers. It Is a passing phase. Within another ten years wo shall know enough to appreciate the good things we possess Instead of trying by legislation to knock Uiem into cocked hats. ' Over the Brow pf the Hill THK South Chicago Converting Mill put 2000 new men to work yesterday. Of all good news I hat Is best. Prosperity is return ing. Kaph day brings a report from some part of the country that we aro striding for w'ard to our normal output. Tomorrow's news will be better than yesterday's. Con fidence increases confidence and optimism Is contagious. We shall soon forget the dreary days as we do a horrible dream In the sun light of a new morning. Director Harle on Willie's Side IN THE old days, a sore throat was thb mctaphorlc battlefield. On one sldo ranged boys and girls with an aversion to "teacher"; on the other, mother and the school board, Many a carefully nursed "cold" was encour aged by Injudicious exposure at open win-' dowa up to the point where drastic medical treatment threatened to step In and atop the fun of "stnyln' home from sqhoo.'' But that Is all over now. Even public ofll clalb let alono doctors are lined up with Willie and Mary. If your child has a sore throat or a hoarse voice, says Director Harte, don't send him to school until the doctor has made sure It isn't Incipient diphtheria. This Is good advice, Just the sort of thing a Department of Public Health should be doing for ,a city. But that won't prevent Willie from suspecting the Director of bid ding for his vote in some future candidacy, November Is Just one clear day after another so far. Probably those Austrian guns were dubbed "Jack Johnsons" on account of their big 'smoke. Many a man who marries to find a mate, discovers that he haj, acquired a captain and puoi an rouea into one. '- ' ' '- Now that England has aueeeeded In floating a loan of a billion dollars they will probahly arrange to float same more battleships. Now they are saying that HI Johnson Is the entire Progressive party in California. Sort of a HI. law,. Jack and tha game. According to the meat packers, "Jet the people pay the freight" la going to come true if the I. C. C. grants the advance. But that's not news. , That shortage of coal In Belgium is one thins they can't blame on the Hermans. They didn't use that kind of fuel far their fires In Belgium. The panWky news ef America's approaah iag bard timoa and general collapse oon UjHiM ts peer In. Kansas announces a reo-otd-breaktBg wheat rep. TH fat that commuters uslgg- Eo and 1M trip beka will be' tha heaviest kwers from lh Inereastd farw M8Sta tfeat the "feng and short haul" idea baa gene an a spree. If ther b astir trvtfc In the lnewdlblfi niiaor that the foodstuff magnates bava lci4ed b a'r4uetk In food pricw, tba w my tav tieftwiMt m w t mu maa. -Tii- Aj3tJJIJP!pIXJce4wfB WILL POWER IS THE MEASUlffi OF THE MAN AND THE SECRET OF ALL SUCCESS - f M. iMnny Great Inventors Failed of Fame and Wealth Because of Weakness of Will Our Civilization Might Have Been llcachcd More Than 2000 Years Ago if the Scientists of Alexandria Had Possessed Persistent Wills. tho SyJOStePH H,ODELL YBAHS before Alexander Graham Bell liorfected his telephone, Dnhlel Draw bridge, of MUllown, Pa , constructed an elec trical Instrument by which the human voice could be heard through a wire, but lie lacked the poislstcnco of will to push the Inven tion Into general use. John Pitch, n clover but erratic man, anticipated Fulton's steam boat by many- years. He built niid inn sev eral steam-propelled ships with n fair degree of success, enough to warrant continued ef fort. Knlllug to amuse enthusiasm Id, Amer ica ho went to France In the hope of finding appreciation. There ho was disappointed also. Ho filed his plans and miccMcntlotirf with tho American Convil In Paris nnd re turned home. Somo time later these docu ments wero lent to ilobert Fulton and he carried the Idea to a practical conclusion. Fitch struggled for a little vvlillo against dis couragement and neglect, and then, losing faith In himself, he committed suicide In 1798. Nino years later, Fulton returned to America from France, made his successful experiment with the Clermont nnd won the rewards and honor that might have gone to Fitch If ho had possessed a stronger and steadier will. Theso Instances carry us back across tho centuries and make us ask whether It was not a lack of the samo volitional quality that caused so many valuable discoveries of ancient times to fall of being put to use. For theio was a period of inventive Bklll In which men discovered the bearings of tho ,many great forces of nature, but they failed to apply them, or rather they failed to per sist In applying them. Therp was a phe nomcnnl awakening of the mind about 300 years before tho Christian era, but the mind Is powerless without tho exercise of tho will. During tho century following the death of Alexander tho Great men had the ability nnd tho means to create a modern civilization, but they lacked the purpose. About 300 B. C. Euclid wrote "Tho niements of Geometry." Nlcetus of Syracuse taught that not only did tho world move, but that it ro volvod upon Its axis an oplnon quoted by Cicero. Eratosphcnes' believed the earth to bo round and actunlly computed Its clrcum ferenco to bo 30,000 miles not so very far out. Arlstarchus of Alexandria a city which then had a university of 14,000 students and a public library of 700,000 volumes meas ured solar and lunar distances by means of angles jUBt as we do today. Hlpparchus dis covered the precession of the equinoxes. In vented the planisphere and applied spherical trigonometry to the solution of astronomical problems. Ctoslbus laid the foundation of hydro-mechanics and dovlsed a number of nyarauiic ana pneumatic machines the siphon, the hand fire-engine and the force pump being tho most notable. His pupil. Hero, actually Invented a steam engine, n sort of Bteam turbine without piston or cylinder. f This was about 200 B. c, and the discovery' was forgotten for more than 20 centuries. This same Hero also developed a hot-air ongino which he used to open and close the doors' of a temple and which the people naturally thought to be a miracle. Archimedes founded the science of hydro statics, worked out the idea of specific grav ity, Invented the screw pump, tho endless screw, a huge crane for lifting ships out of thej water and various hydraulic and com pressed air machines. Individual development as well as world progress can be measured by the volume of will-power that Is exerted. Take the first thousand men you meet on the street and set them In a line. Study them. Apply any nnd every test you know. What differentiates them one from another? Some win your re spect, some your admiration, some your nltv and some your scorn and blame. Some are successful, others are failures. A few have grasped almost everything that was within reach, many have missed every advantage and have nothing to show but a record of defeat and humiliation. What is tho unmis takable feature that distinguishes them and grades them? It is not physical. Some of those at the top aro frail and fragile crea tures, who make a hearty meal from a cup of clear soup and the wing of a chicken; some at the bottom work In trenches all day long, are perfect giants and have never known an ailment In their lives. Neither Is mental equipment the chief mark. There are men, branded unmistak ably as failures, and yet they have not for. gotten the mathematics, the Latin and Greek, the history and economics they learned In ' CURIOSITY SHOP In other days Moslems had an aversion to photographs, hut now the feeling is dis appearing from Turkey even to the extent of printing the likeness of the Sultan, Pictures of the reigning sovereign have at present an immense vogue in the orthodox Near East, and are very popular In the Turkish regl- ments. Bablea are carried on, or rather in, long imtunn Mj, mo icasuin women in Hungary. A babe is laid on the pillow, the end la lapped over and Is usually long enough to come up to the Infant's chin, A string Is then tied around the pillow, holding It close about the youngster, thus making a snug and comfortable little bed. ."IMPv.. ? lp! .Hurrah!" our modern yell of delight, Is said to have an ancient origin. The word "hip" Is supposed to bo composed of the Initial letters of the Latin phrase, "Hteroaolyma est perdlta." meaning Jeru. salem Is destroyed," the "i" In "hip" being .substituted for the "e" In "est." When the German knlshts were persecuting Jewa In the Middle Ages they are said to have run shouting "Hip, hip," as much as to say Jeru salem Is destroyed. Hurrah Is said to be from the Slavonic "hu-raj," meaning1 to Paradise. Hence "hip. hip, hurrah" would mean "Jerusalem is lost, we are on the way io .raraaise, - Walter Delmar, of Pittsburgh, who asked a newspaper to And him a wife, saying that he had a good digestion, received a letter from a girl asking him to call. When he arrived at the house he waa surrounded by 39 girls, all of them residents of tha big boarding house. Svery one of them had a sample of her cooking. wh!ehDelmar was obliged to eat. The oldest Investment on earth is the real estate mortgage. In ancient Babylon 2100 years B. C, in the relsn uf Khammuragaa. money jv& loaned on mortgage, while the great BAbylonlaa banking house of the Bglbt family, founded about 800 B. C, invested large sums in mortgages on both farm and cjiy proprt Mortgage were recorded nn bricks. prervd In the contemporary safe deposit vaults great eartfeesware Jars butted In the arth aaJ dug up la our own TtTEgPAT, NOVEMBER 24, ift14. -- college. Living side by sfde with them nnd lowering high above them In effectiveness nhd vaue to tho world aro men who havo scarcely read a serious book, who could hardly pass a sixth grade examination nnd yet Ihcy are prominent In business, fh so ciety and In civic leadership. And, strange as It may seem. It is not goo'ness that makes the distinction not conventional goodness, at any rale. There nro men of undoubted Piety. Immaculate" In their prlvatd llvoa nnd generous in their sympathies who aro utterly Inconspicuous because forceless. Even tholr indubitable personal goodness falls to ndd liny thing to the common stock of human vir tues. Others, with no prelcnslons to saintll ness, but with a certain amount of rouh-nnd-rcady cunent honesty, aio "nevertheless do ing things that make thir world a moro livable place and nro putting tens or hun dreds of thousands under obligation to them. That which makes the final classification In this world Is the amount of will power that ts developed and Utilized. The will Is tho ono decisive, effective nnd executive ele ment In human character. The measure of the will Is the' extent cf personality. Whether for good or 111, for building up or tearing down, for n day or for a century, In a back yard or over n continent, It Is tho ntrength of the will that counts. In the last analysis It Is the will that decides whether a man born on a farm shall be a farmer or a finan cier; whether a child born In n city slum shall bo a tramp or a captain it Industry; whether a life that began In disability or In affluence shall end In a palace or a poor house. Whon Bernard Pallssy reached tho ago of 32 ho had accomplished nothing of note, hut was earning a competent living for himself nnd family by making church win dows nnd noting as a land surveyor. Ono dny ho saw an oxqulsltely enameled Italian vase, and the vision stirred his ambition. The nrt of enameling had been forgotten! his own country, Franco, wns producing nothing in that lino. Pallssy determined that ho would learn how to enamel and mako vases as beautiful as the ono ho had seen. He bcllovcd he could; he said he would, or die In the attempt. Hero is his story as he wrote It himself: "If r find out the secrets of pottery, my wlfo and children will live In plonty. I had no means of learning the nrt In any shop. I began to search for enamels with out knowing of what they wore composed, as a man gropes his' way In tho dark, I pounded nil the materials I could think of. I bought a quantity of carthern pots and, breaking thorn to pieces, I covered them with the sub stances I had ground, making a note of the drugs I used in each; then having built a furnace, I put theso pieces to bake, to seo if my drugs would give any color. When I had spent soveral years In these attempts there was found one of the samples which became melted in four hours, which gave ma such Joy that I thought I had then discov ered the perfection of whlto enamel. My wood having run short, I was obliged to burn the stakes from my garden fence which, being consumed, l had to burn tho tables and boards of my house In order to melt my composition. I waa In such anguish as I can not describe, for I was exhausted with tho work and the heat of ithe furnace. It was then a month since I had a dry shirt on. Then my neighbors laughed at me and re ported about town that I hod burned my tables and flooring boards, and by such means caused me to lose my credit and pass for a fool. Others said that I sought to coin false money, an evil report that made me shake In my shoes. I was in debt in several places. No person helped me; on the contrary they laughed at me, saying, 'Serve him right to die of hunger.' " Just when he was on the point of success, his furnace exploded and flawed his work. The neighbors and creditor wanted to buy the blemished pottery, but though his wlfo waa in rags and he himself nearly died with exhaustion, he refused to sell the blemished vases because they would reflect on his ability and fame. He rebuilt hjs furnace, while people called him a madman. At length, after many frightful years, success really came. Pallssy pottery was bought up at any price, none too high for his exquisite handiwork. Nobles and kings came to watch him at work; wealth, honor and fame were now his. In the Louvre Museum, Paris, one large room Is entirely filled with Pallssy ware. His life Is the story of how a strong will can triumph over all obstacles and win against any rj dds HUM OF HUMAN CITIES Since 1907 the number of American cities that provide equipped and supervised play and recreation centres has Increased from 10 to 348, the Recreation Survey of Spring field finds. The number of play leaders and Bupervlsors employed In these qltles Is 631S The figures showing the growth of the Playground Idea are ndeed gratifying Bail the' Chicago Tribune. The" resuiu f'Whtch these playgrounds achieve, being largely of tiKmi ve. n5ture- cannot be measured with sufficient adequacy. We hear about the bpy or girl who is brought to the Juvenile Court charged with a breach of law and order. But we do not hear and we have nnrtW&.of,,.ei?lmat,n(. the number of boys and girls that have been kept from colne to the bad by th Influence 'of these play and recreation centres, Y Th?re Is much work ahead for the play ground movement, however. If it is to be. S? m,B,an,IeVen mo vltal Institution. Thus far the playgrounds seem to havo been com peting with the agencies that provide un. wholesome amusement to boya i and girls mf 1'lrattteljr than Positively. It jB S slble that t.he growth of play centres has prevented many poolrooma of the undesir' able character from springing up. But the fh ltna hoa,d not beatlsfled with that. They should make themselves ao at tractive and Interesting a. i.. ":.. 2ihi?y8 h0 nw 8eek niuseraent In pool Joints. One way to accomplish this is to make the play at these MntreTylrU F51 t0PP'al Qt only to the bay wh Ur-moderate and tractable, but also fa the lad who is more or less of a roughneck It la this elass or boys that stand. In mattit need of saving. Effeminate play surrwaded ronalie. Up wU' nQt E tlW V CRISES IN GREAT LIVES June 17, 1789. the Freneh RvauUm had Just begun to brew. On that day the Third &;. l?d 5y.u ceo1' l,elat- Wn-lipped abbe, declared tfawnselves th National As Bembly. There sat amomr thorn a mat, ,i,v. out Influence and with only the doubtful notoriety of a pair of ladroua lawsuits. He was ugly, hideous with pock-marks a llvtd grft fac. fat. domineering, swagger log. His naa waa Mirabaau Honors Gabriel atolti. da Mimboa. gU d tor tt a&ff i mm et a rommand, through a trusted and d'Rnlfled soldier, that the Stales General mustj leave their eonvehltdn plnce the Tennis Courts, as they wero called. In a heavy voice mo soldier. Marquis de Dreux-Breze, delivered tho message. Tho long habit of obedience began to prevail over the newly formed Independence of mind. Tho deputies, already far gone In fear of the king and his coun selors, wero wavering. There was for a short time a dead silence as each deputy looked to his fellow to start, either to go pr to bravo tho authority of France. Liberty seemed to tremble at the Tennis Courts. Then suddenly, nmld tho hesitating crowdT there rose tho huge, overbearing flguro or Mlrabeau. His gieat head wns thrown back, his black eyes shone with a terrible blaze or flro as his deep voice oiled out his dcflahce1 "Tell your master that nothing but force shall remove ns from this Iirt.II, nnd that we shall yield to no authority but that of uayonois," A shout of applause wont up and In tiiftt moment Mlrabeau was nindo master of the convention. Tho marquis went back to the king and reported that tho convention would not go. "Ah! Let them sin v." said the monarch weakly. And they did, led by the ono man who could drive royalty Itself before him when his career and his right wero at slake, VIEWS OF READERS OJN TIMELY TOPICS I Contributions That Reflect Public Opin ion on Subjects Important to City, State nnd Nation. To the Editor ef the Btentna Ltdgtrl 8lr I am not In the widely traveled poMtlon of H. L, Ames, who writes you that the tele phone service In this city Is the worst in six American cities he has known, I havo had less experience, but I had to come to Philadelphia to be treated to the prime example of telephonic outrage, inmilt nnd exasperation. It happens this way. I call Walnut 65432, for example. Through the corridors of time I hear Walnut C3I32 echoing onward, Everv ODcrator Is made conncious of my deep desire to chat with Walnut , WW., jjvery operator, I Judge, does her beat to lot me chal. There Is a buzzing, an ear-racking crackling, then n profound, an ominous silence. 1 listen. The answer la silence. And then, flv minutes Inter. I am wakened from my sweet slumber by a lovely far-off voice, which sas: "Special operator, what number did you call, please?" Having by that time forgotten the number, missed my train, and lost all desire to speak coherently to any one, I answer In what, I fear, Is no propor tone, nnd go away, leaving the receiver oft the hook. Nasty, but a man must have somo revengo! GEOHQE KING. Philadelphia, Novombor 23, THE VAUES, SQUARC DEAL LEADERS To the Editor of the Eicntnp Ledgtrl 8U- "McNirhol Is planning to get the Upper hand at this session ot the Legislature In order to be in a position to relegate the Vares to ward leaders in tho mayoralty fight." I quote from the IJvbning LEDQEn of today's date and ad dresss you for tho privilege of saying, IT CAN'T BE DONE, Simply because we who en roll under the Vnro leadership are a host too largo to crowd Into any single ward In Phila delphia, or Into several wards, since wo are not "phantom voters" nor transient citizens from tenderloin rookeries, but sound and staunch, square-deal Republicans, rock-ribbed citizens from every ward in the city, who proudly rally round the standard of our square-deal leaders, tho Vare brothers, to declare our Independence of boas rule nnd to fight ngainst being Tarn manylzed through tho treachery of the "ten derloin boss." CITIZEN. Philadelphia, November 22. PEOPLE WANT PUBLICITY To the Editor of the Evening Ledger: Sir Tho people want tho truth about "Twl Mght Sleep," about the purity of food products, and about all announcements by reputable scientists and disreputable quacks which have relation to health and hygiene. The more pub licity given to these subjects the better for the Public. DAVID W. ROSS. Philadelphia, November 22. NATIONAL VIEWPOINT Slowly but surely a war spirit Is shanlntr Itself In this country. Indications of It are multiplying fast, not that anything definite Is threatening us, or that there Is the remotest fear of our country being Invaded, but that the madness of tho European world Is sure to manifest Itself In some equally mad venture against the United States and Its guardianship of North and South America. New Haven Journnl-Courler. A humane nnd enlightened Government would not at this time take offense at the action of a Belgian representative,, even though that action were somewhat Irritating, nut the world sympathy for the most unfortunate and heroic of nations has not penetrated Mexico. Sympathy and chivalry are unknown qualltlei In the land of pulque. Tacoma Tribune. And what will those suspicious Mexicans think If our troops come away from Vera Cruz and bring that J1.000000 or more of cus toms collections with them? Now Tork Herald. This Is now the chief difficulty In the way of our South American trade. Uncertain trans portation and round-about exchange and unfa miliar goods could not balk trade like strin gency In South American finance. Brazil nmi other countries were In difficulties when the war broke out; now their whole continent is on the verge of panic because the customary markets for Its raw products have vanished. New Tork Preas. It will be Interesting to observe the results of his enthronement In tha capital as the fourth popular Idol since Porfjrio Diaz was knocked off his pedestal. So far luck has always been with tha Insurgent until he wins his right and as sumes a benevolent dictatorship; then the gods of war and public favor desert him In favor of the next coming man. Whether fate has this Ironic end In store for Villa remains to be seen. But It Is announced that a clash with that other possible pacifier, Gmlllano Zapata, Is pretty sure to ba the first fruit of his arrival at the go.tl of hla present struggle. New York Sun. Economists, sociologists and other students of the capital and labor question seem to agree that the present Industrial unrest la due prl marlly to a readjustment that Is goingon be. neath the surface. The Colorado and Butta out. breaks ale hardly, as the Radicals sometimes aver, to be taken as evidence of an increasing tendency to nettle Industrial differences with guns and knives. Indianapolis News. PROSPICE The ancient and the lovely land la sown wth death, across the plain Unsamered now the orchards stand, Th Maxim nestles in the grain, the shrapnel spreads a stinging flail. Where pallid nuns the- cloister trod The airship plU her leaden hall; But after all the battles God. Athwart the vineyard's ordered banks Silent the red. rent forms recline. And from their stark and speechless ranks There flows a richer, ruddier wine; While down the lane and through the wall The victors writhe upon the sod. Nor hied the onward bug(e.call; But-after all the bugles-God. By night the blazing cities flare Like mushroom torches U the sky The rocking ramparts trenflKe ere The sullen cannon boom reply. And shattered Is th templa-spire m utmn uwnpua oa tag clod And every altar btaok wjtfa &r, Rut-afUr aU ti altam-a4. And all the prizes we have won Ar buried la a deadly dust, The thlaga we set our hearts Upon Banaath th trUkn earth are thrust Again the Savage greats the sua. Again Ids feat, witfe fury shod, Actom a world is anguish ran. Biit-aftar all the ansulah'aod. Th grim campaign, the gun. live .word. TtM qtilok olcano from tha sea. The honor that nveMt the word The sacrifice, the agony Theso b our hartiaae aad prtda , Till the last daapot kiaa th rod And, ttti man a trdoiu yurlAad We mark-behind eiur triiuajihlbod. ataa aUitj, u tin tmm0 -jirtox I" SCRAPPLE Portugal Portugal, which has recently shaken IU nf at Qermany from a safe distance. Is ft ."malt'counTryhlch h rrtade deep denfc Li ."IW' Ad ,Wah,e Newrork and o ten during Its "legated career haa con talned less than a ml Il6n people Tet It htf 1 103S ilia.. "" J ;--'i,- - . .,.. SUng DaSS in ino conceuui ,...w.w . ------ and has recently renewed Its youth by .kick ing out Its king, establishing a republic and Joining the big European rough house. Portugal Is located on tho west side of the Spanish peninsula and Is a sunny, plctti rcsquo country which supports 6,000,000 with less than half of Its area. Its chief products fflS'i;S?S.SJ,!Ss; aro wlrie, olives, fruits, onions ana oun us."--. Some of tho Implements Used by the Por tuguese farmers wero Invented by tne Romans, and If a splf-blnder were Introduced In somo provinces the Inhabitants would climb trees for safety when they saw It com ing. Only 20 per cent, of tho Portuguese can read or write; moro than half of them can sail a. boat. The Portuguese sardine fleet Is composed of 20,000 vessels and the Portu guese have been first-class navigators for BOO years. . .. The Portuguese first discovered the way around the Cape of Good Hope at a time when tho reptiles in the southern seaa were supposed to bo more deadly than submarines. Four hundred years ago the Portuguese empire extended around the globo and Por tuguese sallora were traveling over oceans which wero unsuspected by other nations. However, the Portuguese navy Is not going to mako much trouble In the present war. It consists of ono rickety battleship and a few gunboats, and ono German war cruiser would pi tho whole thing before breakfast. Portugal settled Brazil and owned It for almost 300 years. At tho end of this time Brazil wns so much bigger than Portugal that a dispute arose as to which country owned the other, nnd Portugal barely es caped with lis Independence. Tho Portu guese havo always had n hard time with their kings and have started out with a republic knowing as little about self-government ns a missionary does about aero planes. But they havo gotten along four years with only a few minor revolutions and aro very hopeful. Portugal has one great city, Lisbon, cele brated for Its earthquakes. It also has bet ter roads than America, but this Is almost an unnecessary statement. George Fitch. "Iloll Me One 1" Tommy Atkins at tho front Is a queer and self-willed lad Slips away on a still-hunt, For what ho wants he wants It bail. Not n woolen mitt he seeks, Nor galoshes for his hoofs. What cares ho If trenches leak? Ho requires no waterproofs. Simple Tommy Atkins knows Just ono thing to sootho his achln's. While the cheerful watch-fire glows, All ho asks Is Just "tho maklns." Wo're Just like you, Tommy A. When our spirits 'gin to fag, At tho close of somo bad day, AU wo ask Is just "a scag." Paraphrased British and Turkish aeroplanes were fly ing over Egypt. "Pyramids," exclaimed tho Sphinx, ven turing to speak for the first time theso many days, "the 20th century looks down upon us." Worth Trying "Let's drop into this restaurant." "I dpn't believe I caro to eat anything." "Well, come In and get a new hat for your old one, anyway," Boston Transcript. Solemn Warning About now begin to practice writing "1916." that jou may avoid making errors uie nrsi or tne year. The Commuter's Tipperary It's a long way by trolley, It's a long way to go; It's a long way bv trollev When trolleys aro ao slow'. Good-by everybody, Farowell wlfe I know, It's 6:45 In the morning, But I'vo got to go! Insectivorous Having reached the River Bug, the Ger mans will now proceed to scratch them selves Into trenches. ., Quite Natural "Why nre worn' o crazy over these bat-tered-up football players?" "I suppose It Is because of the Innate feminine lovo of remnants." naiHmnn, American, Not Up to Date "The Conkllns say that they came over on the Mayflower." "That's nothing to boast of; she was only a sailing ship." Getting Back Turner, the English artist, was once at a dinner where several artists, amateurs and literary men were convened. A poet, by way of being facetious, proposed as a toast, "The Painters and Glaziers of England." Tho toast was drunk; and Turner, after return ing thanks for it, proposed, "Success to the Paper Stalners," and tailed upon the poet to respond, Another Trial F'nancier That Is not the same tale that you told me a few days ago. hnfr-?0' i'r' n.??.1 you dldn,t bellve that one. London Mall. Courtesy Said a mother to her daughter, "You are very, very rude 8-.r,?J? and handsome suitor whom you .,.. .me th6 other night." - "Oh, that's all right, dear mother said her daughter. "I'm no prude. " r TbeoUte1?" Ut yeSterday' w"y "hould Let's Hop a So Sign In Cottage Grove, Wis.; THIS SHOP WILL BE CLOSED I ON SUNDAYS IN THB HEREAFTER. Not What He Meant tMrtodn' t0 raU,i you,d l-t-The Guest-Oh, thanka very much but it's not bad enough for that-Tal, Record! , " I IS The Babbling Fool u uuc mat man? "Yes," J "What has he done to vnnw ' hlthnim??- "- . "Bitterly." "Why?" he'las'srandg'by: W & when "Did he Iauglfat your " me' If &V .' woutdn'hav5er8,Ve W venge. I could call himTL"ave,oni" re sted and looked m-atd ? h,?8 m"ely awful ass of myslf. And ii dJd roake an eyes seemed to bay. -r uLf?,1 le time h man Is acting thS WttUynr9tad why that hlm7 I htta pX8B a"hef reason i tal1 llttle-souled rJS2! Lai IU,irlUnI He doasrft to lb& day iff 'u,,Mjitl. irionda. But that mf . ar vry good pened to Z aSSoinTby "tl, K friend of miM- ""8 w"l vr b ft afraid n w. ,hhate PP we're not V ST-f -.