son no i
' f IP
i JbB, L
t jv ram lUair
u Sr TIE WW BH
Br sEf 3&t Wss
WJBLtC LEDGER COMPANY
-.jr.. ?" H K t'BTi. rtiiRt.
Vffi 4. Secretary John C Martin, TreAsrarn
vn! M TartinttOB. fhlllp S falling Jehn JJ TTC-
EuiTont aL noAntji
j fc. 4 ' ' taos H. It Coins, Chairman".
fjf. Jr. HAt,HT K.M,il,. Wfr
;.yArtTtM' Otfrtral nualneM Manager
rHMlhd in kt rontio imtn nuiuin.
j . jnticpnienee equate, Fhnadelplita.
w rV "Biiy uucsinui oirrci
Oft: . . v,v v' e:""'. ?""
Set -W Heme Inturnnw nulldlnr
invert 8 Waterlfta rI.,i rli Ht.it d it-
" " " " - , M.
3. rail Mull Unit. S W.
.32 rtua Louli la Or and
?Sf af lr&iR!illiv',tT' "' tM- ni" '"" r'ipH
SrlBtfrSri;!? V,,hf do""" mull Vihl
wrfptions payable In advance
I SEiX, 30QO WALNUT
KE1 STOE, MAIN 300O
i " Adtma oil ommiifcoHuia to Ktettlnir
proper, jnnepctutenee 5atmre, Philadelphia
i aHfaiEo at ns rmt.ADri.riiu rosrorrics as secomo-
1 fUM UAH, UATTM
rilltADELTniA, TttESUAY, NO UlnER 2, 191.
Tinio for Councils to Act
EST IVOHT Director Taylor went further
than he had et gone In his campaign of
tuVatIort on tho rapid transit systoni. He
demanded immediate action, practically
Ignoring tho Union Traction Company, and
"pointing out the entire feasibility of the city
Kolns ahead whether the plans for operating
the new lines when completed havo been
nerved iirimt ni nnt
Tt 11 Htlr fnt. rttt rn.in..ll. .. t.. MMi,
'defintiely to establish the routes nnd submit
them to the Public Scrvlco Commission for
' Its approval Tho entire program calls for
ah annual fixed chnrgo of only $2,930,000,
which includes not only Interest charges, but
a sinking fund also, which will in 30 years
extinguish the debt entirely and leave tho
city In absolute ownership of the magnificent
,, To offset this charge there will bo a tangl
blo annual return to the city of ti, 300,000, re
Bulling" f rom increased rcnlty values, savlnir
? In time, elimination of exchange tlckots and
.the subsidy granted to Philadelphia by tho
pono mill tax on personal property by the
lt will be foolish In those circumstances to
wait indefinitely for tho Union Traction Com
pany to say whether or not It wishes to par
ticipate in this splendid municipal program.
It is involved to tho extont of a relatively
Binoll sum only too small an amount to tie
Up the plans and futuro of Phlladelnhln. It
ijj has been offered remarkably favorablo terms,
imnougn tne city has always held tho whip
hand. If It cunnot sco this, so much the
wnraA for thn pnmnnnv l?ttf If r.nfrir,n hH1il
5. Hhls great city back and prevent the achieve
., - -.. vv.....,s , WUb !. .tVllltll ilUJU
ment of proper transit facilities.
- Councils should wait no longer. The time
Is ripe for action. The J500.000 recently voted
tat tho relocation of sowers should be made
nVallable, the plans In general Indorsed nnd
arrangements made for an election In which
tho citizens can record their practically
Unanimous approval of tho enterprise.
Rumor in HyLcrboIe
-TVrR' BnTAN wl" not "slgn. It Is re
it' i.Vx.markable that anybody ever thousrht ha
(-- would. A? well expect the Atlantic to roll
li back from tho American beach Into tho con-
nnes or tne Mediterranean. For Mr. Bryan,
diplomat maxlmus and peace-lover par excel
lence, "stands with his arbitration treaties In
ono hand and a dove In tha other and both
feet on tho neck of Mars."
Thence move him not, even by rumor, lest
the dogs of war, unwatched, sheak Into the
capital by night and devastate all things,
JVe havo a champion of peace and we are
"going to keep him until skating becomes tho
principal mode of travel In the regions of
Mephlstopheles. He Is cemented to the Job
and nothing less than an election to the
Presidency will pry him loose unless-, of
courso, Doctor Brumbaugh or Mr. Borah or
ora other person hostile to platltudlnarlan
Ism is put In charge of Upcle Sam's stables.
s I A Legal Discovery Late in the Day
rjVHJB seerna a ridiculously late day for dls
t covering that a wife has a legal right to
, presents given her by her husband. But It
has taken the year of our Lord 1014 to bring
mai uircision out 01 me supreme court of
VSHssQuri. A few little evidences like thl of
-tllA fftimt NllH1fntfnn nf tvnmnn 1n n t ,. a
-?Vlinslrigr the day when the ballot will give
1-r. rights instead of privileges and disabili
Evidences of Immortality
fTIHAT there is a continuance of conscious
, X Hfo after .tha death of the body has been
almost a universal belief Primitive tribes
that, appeared to have no other definite arti
cle of faith had an Instinct for immortality.
Jt hart always seemed impossible that the
qualities of tho soul should perish because
the physical functions ceased. But whenever
man have tried to prove that not all dies they
havo found little or nothing to offer. There
la' the Inveterate belief, but that la all.
Now one of the greatest living scientists
ays that no has tha proof; he has talked to
friends who have died: they have understood
htm and he nas understood them. Blr Oliver
lge la world famous for his pioneer work
physics and electricity. He claims that
evidence of Immortality that ha possesses
sta,nd the most severe tests to which
ejjtntlsUf can put It.
Certainly if a trained mind like that of Blr
Oliver Lodge la satisfied o the reality of his
Intercourse with the other world the ordl
iv Rn should feel that hla cherished faith
trngthensd. It Is to be hoped that when
; reeulU of the distinguished scientist's
WjbHjratlons aro published tbey will be of
n WTWUre tnat wey win maice it possible
err one to get nrst-nana proof for him.
"Stuttlttfdea now ara wllllnr to believe.'
but'thsy will rejoice to know.
"" '" ' " ' " "' na, "'pi
War Is Insanity
ONJ&autherUy has set tha toll of the Buro
jtwtn. war at P.000.699 casualties In 15
Mpg; Omntad that tha number la a ruees
.. exaggeration, tlw pri. in i,u.
rapajtfcmii't fc Wgh that It win JjandWap
lafcpW!"1 capaeHy of the several ftatlew
vlw r tkrea genewttiona.
SPwiPrI wt af war U not finanetal. Maney
1 tfli. v. UIIHAUB I
i4UMWtSBB& ftCBKAV... , Thl pa(rJA n.ilMlnr
fjnSFit.'lss?'' -J' & mm
i SI.J1MJ' "'n The Tlmrt nufl.lln J
l TiKi'iST." .BO FrteoTlehstraeiS
, VktiS HVflttAV
f. mway dtotrtbuted; If sasis oe afeflds it
' mm own wwt get It And tha wast an b
HWaM& 9nt mXhlnir eu vr br)H5 back
'.i aHC Pwsr that is lest wbn the viK
itwm t& of nation are slain o
tt"" . . . t
p0m$f fttgwif .!( fwrt.- '
nalBfaf ftsfturres are tett undeveloped and
ra material unusid, the drop In population
cauMvl by Incapacitating a million ttlen re
strict every market, taxe fall heaviest Jost
when th people nre least able to bear them
War Is Industrial nnd sotftnl Insanity, mid no
one mn yet estimate how mufii civilization
must pay for the present carnage.
Up to the Commission
THIS afternoon at tho darrlck Theatre the
representatives of 800 business organlza
! tlofla lend 1i meeting of protest rtgnlnst
flroposed liirroB.se In commutation rates.
It Is linrortunato that the 1'ubllo Borvlce
Commission, the ono Instrumentality lluougli
which the people can obtain redress, Is so
limited In authorit) that it Is powerless to
nppl. a remedy until a full hearing of the
case on lis merits ha been held. The law Is
palnfullj lax In this paitlcutar. Tho com
mission tibtiounl) should have the right to
suspend the inoposed into. It Is the rail
roads that must prove the necessity for the
Increases. The nsiumptlon Is that they are
without Justification, for there has been no
rndtcal chango In conditions which seems to
warrant so revolutionary a revision of intes
In tho exigency, It behooves the commuters
to urge tho commission to give them nn Im
mediate hearing. Tho tommlsslcn Itself must
remedy tho dofect In the law by adjudicat
ing tho cne In record time nnd thus giving
nlmot ns Immediate relief as would have
followed a suspension of the new tariffs.
Kvory effort of tho complainants, therefore,
should be directed towaid bringing tho com
mission In this point of view. Tho commis
sion, In fact, by prompt action can Justify Its
cfllclency as an Instrument of government.
It Is unfurtunate that the railroads, at tho
very moment when public sentiment was bo
coming fixed in their favor and against
further baiting, should so boldly challengo
opposition and enter on a program which Is
certain greatly to Impair tho good feeling ex
isting. They arc likely to lose moro from It
than they can possibly gain, oven If, tho
propor authorities acquiesce In tho Imposi
tion of the now rates.
Knocking Progress Into a Cocked lint
MR. PERKINS, who was aii Influential
Bull Moose when the Hull Mooso party
was Influential, Is iultc sure that much of the
business troublo of tho dny is duo to the fact
that our statesmen learned economics when
oxcarts wcro hauling most of the country's
produce. Invention has mado that sort of
economics a back number, but our legislators
have failed to grasp so elementary a fact.
Mr. Perkins Is right, of courso. There are
men talking solemnly about restoring com
petition by statute or limiting this nnd that
business, as If tho whole trend of human
development had not been tho nchlovemont
of tho very things they nro endeavoring to
outlaw and nre outlawing In too many In
stances. A business Is not moral because It Is little
or big, but It is big or little accordng as It Is
moral. There are men whp havo done big
things and will do big things no matter what
captious little men say or think. It was an
awful thing, no doubt, that tho electric light
contracted the market of kerosene lamp
manufacturers, but who would put Mr, Edi
son in Jail on account of his Invention? The
Ingenuity of man has playedliavoc with tho
disorderly and wasteful processes of our fore
fathers, but wo havo politicians who harp on
tho good old days, and succeed too often In
deluding otherwise Intelligent citizens Into
behoving that things were better when they
were not one-fourth so good. The improve
ment our ancestors strove to secure, we have,
and wo seem to bo quite amazed that it does
not burn our fingers.
It Is a passing phase. Within another ten
years wo shall know enough to appreciate
the good things we possess Instead of trying
by legislation to knock Uiem into cocked
Over the Brow pf the Hill
THK South Chicago Converting Mill put
2000 new men to work yesterday. Of all
good news I hat Is best. Prosperity is return
ing. Kaph day brings a report from some
part of the country that we aro striding for
w'ard to our normal output. Tomorrow's
news will be better than yesterday's. Con
fidence increases confidence and optimism Is
contagious. We shall soon forget the dreary
days as we do a horrible dream In the sun
light of a new morning.
Director Harle on Willie's Side
IN THE old days, a sore throat was thb
mctaphorlc battlefield. On one sldo ranged
boys and girls with an aversion to "teacher";
on the other, mother and the school board,
Many a carefully nursed "cold" was encour
aged by Injudicious exposure at open win-'
dowa up to the point where drastic medical
treatment threatened to step In and atop the
fun of "stnyln' home from sqhoo.''
But that Is all over now. Even public ofll
clalb let alono doctors are lined up with
Willie and Mary. If your child has a sore
throat or a hoarse voice, says Director Harte,
don't send him to school until the doctor has
made sure It isn't Incipient diphtheria.
This Is good advice, Just the sort of thing
a Department of Public Health should be
doing for ,a city. But that won't prevent
Willie from suspecting the Director of bid
ding for his vote in some future candidacy,
November Is Just one clear day after
another so far.
Probably those Austrian guns were dubbed
"Jack Johnsons" on account of their big
Many a man who marries to find a mate,
discovers that he haj, acquired a captain and
puoi an rouea into one.
'- ' ' '-
Now that England has aueeeeded In floating
a loan of a billion dollars they will probahly
arrange to float same more battleships.
Now they are saying that HI Johnson Is
the entire Progressive party in California.
Sort of a HI. law,. Jack and tha game.
According to the meat packers, "Jet the
people pay the freight" la going to come true
if the I. C. C. grants the advance. But that's
not news. ,
That shortage of coal In Belgium is one
thins they can't blame on the Hermans.
They didn't use that kind of fuel far their
fires In Belgium.
The panWky news ef America's approaah
iag bard timoa and general collapse oon
UjHiM ts peer In. Kansas announces a reo-otd-breaktBg
TH fat that commuters uslgg- Eo and 1M
trip beka will be' tha heaviest kwers from
lh Inereastd farw M8Sta tfeat the "feng
and short haul" idea baa gene an a spree.
If ther b astir trvtfc In the lnewdlblfi niiaor
that the foodstuff magnates bava lci4ed b
a'r4uetk In food pricw, tba w my tav
tieftwiMt m w t mu maa.
WILL POWER IS THE MEASUlffi OF THE
MAN AND THE SECRET OF ALL SUCCESS
- f M.
iMnny Great Inventors Failed of Fame and Wealth Because of Weakness
of Will Our Civilization Might Have Been llcachcd More Than
2000 Years Ago if the Scientists of Alexandria Had
Possessed Persistent Wills.
YBAHS before Alexander Graham Bell
liorfected his telephone, Dnhlel Draw
bridge, of MUllown, Pa , constructed an elec
trical Instrument by which the human voice
could be heard through a wire, but lie lacked
the poislstcnco of will to push the Inven
tion Into general use. John Pitch, n clover
but erratic man, anticipated Fulton's steam
boat by many- years. He built niid inn sev
eral steam-propelled ships with n fair degree
of success, enough to warrant continued ef
fort. Knlllug to amuse enthusiasm Id, Amer
ica ho went to France In the hope of finding
appreciation. There ho was disappointed
also. Ho filed his plans and miccMcntlotirf
with tho American Convil In Paris nnd re
turned home. Somo time later these docu
ments wero lent to ilobert Fulton and he
carried the Idea to a practical conclusion.
Fitch struggled for a little vvlillo against dis
couragement and neglect, and then, losing
faith In himself, he committed suicide In
1798. Nino years later, Fulton returned to
America from France, made his successful
experiment with the Clermont nnd won the
rewards and honor that might have gone to
Fitch If ho had possessed a stronger and
Theso Instances carry us back across tho
centuries and make us ask whether It was
not a lack of the samo volitional quality that
caused so many valuable discoveries of
ancient times to fall of being put to use.
For theio was a period of inventive Bklll In
which men discovered the bearings of tho
,many great forces of nature, but they failed
to apply them, or rather they failed to per
sist In applying them. Therp was a phe
nomcnnl awakening of the mind about 300
years before tho Christian era, but the mind
Is powerless without tho exercise of tho will.
During tho century following the death of
Alexander tho Great men had the ability nnd
tho means to create a modern civilization,
but they lacked the purpose. About 300
B. C. Euclid wrote "Tho niements of
Geometry." Nlcetus of Syracuse taught that
not only did tho world move, but that it ro
volvod upon Its axis an oplnon quoted by
Cicero. Eratosphcnes' believed the earth to
bo round and actunlly computed Its clrcum
ferenco to bo 30,000 miles not so very far
out. Arlstarchus of Alexandria a city which
then had a university of 14,000 students and
a public library of 700,000 volumes meas
ured solar and lunar distances by means of
angles jUBt as we do today. Hlpparchus dis
covered the precession of the equinoxes. In
vented the planisphere and applied spherical
trigonometry to the solution of astronomical
problems. Ctoslbus laid the foundation of
hydro-mechanics and dovlsed a number of
nyarauiic ana pneumatic machines the
siphon, the hand fire-engine and the force
pump being tho most notable. His pupil.
Hero, actually Invented a steam engine, n
sort of Bteam turbine without piston or
cylinder. f This was about 200 B. c, and
the discovery' was forgotten for more than
20 centuries. This same Hero also developed
a hot-air ongino which he used to open and
close the doors' of a temple and which the
people naturally thought to be a miracle.
Archimedes founded the science of hydro
statics, worked out the idea of specific grav
ity, Invented the screw pump, tho endless
screw, a huge crane for lifting ships out of
thej water and various hydraulic and com
pressed air machines.
Individual development as well as world
progress can be measured by the volume of
will-power that Is exerted. Take the first
thousand men you meet on the street and set
them In a line. Study them. Apply any nnd
every test you know. What differentiates
them one from another? Some win your re
spect, some your admiration, some your nltv
and some your scorn and blame. Some are
successful, others are failures. A few have
grasped almost everything that was within
reach, many have missed every advantage
and have nothing to show but a record of
defeat and humiliation. What is tho unmis
takable feature that distinguishes them and
grades them? It is not physical. Some of
those at the top aro frail and fragile crea
tures, who make a hearty meal from a cup
of clear soup and the wing of a chicken;
some at the bottom work In trenches all
day long, are perfect giants and have never
known an ailment In their lives.
Neither Is mental equipment the chief
mark. There are men, branded unmistak
ably as failures, and yet they have not for.
gotten the mathematics, the Latin and Greek,
the history and economics they learned In '
In other days Moslems had an aversion to
photographs, hut now the feeling is dis
appearing from Turkey even to the extent of
printing the likeness of the Sultan, Pictures
of the reigning sovereign have at present an
immense vogue in the orthodox Near East,
and are very popular In the Turkish regl-
Bablea are carried on, or rather in, long
imtunn Mj, mo icasuin women in Hungary.
A babe is laid on the pillow, the end la
lapped over and Is usually long enough to
come up to the Infant's chin, A string Is
then tied around the pillow, holding It close
about the youngster, thus making a snug
and comfortable little bed.
."IMPv.. ? lp! .Hurrah!" our modern yell
of delight, Is said to have an ancient origin.
The word "hip" Is supposed to bo composed
of the Initial letters of the Latin phrase,
"Hteroaolyma est perdlta." meaning Jeru.
salem Is destroyed," the "i" In "hip" being
.substituted for the "e" In "est." When the
German knlshts were persecuting Jewa In
the Middle Ages they are said to have run
shouting "Hip, hip," as much as to say Jeru
salem Is destroyed. Hurrah Is said to be
from the Slavonic "hu-raj," meaning1 to
Paradise. Hence "hip. hip, hurrah" would
mean "Jerusalem is lost, we are on the way
io .raraaise, -
Walter Delmar, of Pittsburgh, who asked a
newspaper to And him a wife, saying that
he had a good digestion, received a letter
from a girl asking him to call. When he
arrived at the house he waa surrounded by
39 girls, all of them residents of tha big
boarding house. Svery one of them had a
sample of her cooking. wh!ehDelmar was
obliged to eat.
The oldest Investment on earth is the real
estate mortgage. In ancient Babylon 2100
years B. C, in the relsn uf Khammuragaa.
money jv& loaned on mortgage, while the
great BAbylonlaa banking house of the Bglbt
family, founded about 800 B. C, invested
large sums in mortgages on both farm and
cjiy proprt Mortgage were recorded nn
bricks. prervd In the contemporary safe
deposit vaults great eartfeesware Jars
butted In the arth aaJ dug up la our own
TtTEgPAT, NOVEMBER 24, ift14. --
college. Living side by sfde with them nnd
lowering high above them In effectiveness
nhd vaue to tho world aro men who havo
scarcely read a serious book, who could
hardly pass a sixth grade examination nnd
yet Ihcy are prominent In business, fh so
ciety and In civic leadership. And, strange
as It may seem. It is not goo'ness that makes
the distinction not conventional goodness,
at any rale. There nro men of undoubted
Piety. Immaculate" In their prlvatd llvoa nnd
generous in their sympathies who aro utterly
Inconspicuous because forceless. Even tholr
indubitable personal goodness falls to ndd
liny thing to the common stock of human vir
tues. Others, with no prelcnslons to saintll
ness, but with a certain amount of rouh-nnd-rcady
cunent honesty, aio "nevertheless do
ing things that make thir world a moro
livable place and nro putting tens or hun
dreds of thousands under obligation to them.
That which makes the final classification
In this world Is the amount of will power
that ts developed and Utilized. The will Is
tho ono decisive, effective nnd executive ele
ment In human character. The measure of
the will Is the' extent cf personality. Whether
for good or 111, for building up or tearing
down, for n day or for a century, In a back
yard or over n continent, It Is tho ntrength
of the will that counts. In the last analysis
It Is the will that decides whether a man
born on a farm shall be a farmer or a finan
cier; whether a child born In n city slum
shall bo a tramp or a captain it Industry;
whether a life that began In disability or In
affluence shall end In a palace or a poor
house. Whon Bernard Pallssy reached tho
ago of 32 ho had accomplished nothing of
note, hut was earning a competent living for
himself nnd family by making church win
dows nnd noting as a land surveyor. Ono
dny ho saw an oxqulsltely enameled Italian
vase, and the vision stirred his ambition.
The nrt of enameling had been forgotten!
his own country, Franco, wns producing
nothing in that lino. Pallssy determined
that ho would learn how to enamel and mako
vases as beautiful as the ono ho had seen.
He bcllovcd he could; he said he would, or
die In the attempt. Hero is his story as he
wrote It himself:
"If r find out the secrets of pottery, my
wlfo and children will live In plonty.
I had no means of learning the nrt In any
shop. I began to search for enamels with
out knowing of what they wore composed, as
a man gropes his' way In tho dark, I pounded
nil the materials I could think of. I bought
a quantity of carthern pots and, breaking
thorn to pieces, I covered them with the sub
stances I had ground, making a note of the
drugs I used in each; then having built a
furnace, I put theso pieces to bake, to seo
if my drugs would give any color. When I
had spent soveral years In these attempts
there was found one of the samples which
became melted in four hours, which gave ma
such Joy that I thought I had then discov
ered the perfection of whlto enamel.
My wood having run short, I was obliged to
burn the stakes from my garden fence which,
being consumed, l had to burn tho tables
and boards of my house In order to melt my
composition. I waa In such anguish as I can
not describe, for I was exhausted with tho
work and the heat of ithe furnace. It was
then a month since I had a dry shirt on.
Then my neighbors laughed at me and re
ported about town that I hod burned my
tables and flooring boards, and by such
means caused me to lose my credit and pass
for a fool. Others said that I sought to
coin false money, an evil report that made
me shake In my shoes. I was in debt in
several places. No person helped me;
on the contrary they laughed at me, saying,
'Serve him right to die of hunger.' "
Just when he was on the point of success,
his furnace exploded and flawed his work.
The neighbors and creditor wanted to buy
the blemished pottery, but though his wlfo
waa in rags and he himself nearly died with
exhaustion, he refused to sell the blemished
vases because they would reflect on his
ability and fame. He rebuilt hjs furnace,
while people called him a madman. At
length, after many frightful years, success
really came. Pallssy pottery was bought up
at any price, none too high for his exquisite
handiwork. Nobles and kings came to watch
him at work; wealth, honor and fame were
now his. In the Louvre Museum, Paris, one
large room Is entirely filled with Pallssy
ware. His life Is the story of how a strong
will can triumph over all obstacles and win
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
Since 1907 the number of American cities
that provide equipped and supervised play
and recreation centres has Increased from
10 to 348, the Recreation Survey of Spring
field finds. The number of play leaders and
Bupervlsors employed In these qltles Is 631S
The figures showing the growth of the
Playground Idea are ndeed gratifying Bail
the' Chicago Tribune. The" resuiu f'Whtch
these playgrounds achieve, being largely of
tiKmi ve. n5ture- cannot be measured
with sufficient adequacy. We hear about the
bpy or girl who is brought to the Juvenile
Court charged with a breach of law and
order. But we do not hear and we have
nnrtW&.of,,.ei?lmat,n(. the number of boys
and girls that have been kept from colne
to the bad by th Influence 'of these play
and recreation centres, Y
Th?re Is much work ahead for the play
ground movement, however. If it is to be.
S? m,B,an,IeVen mo vltal Institution. Thus
far the playgrounds seem to havo been com
peting with the agencies that provide un.
wholesome amusement to boya i and girls
mf 1'lrattteljr than Positively. It jB S
slble that t.he growth of play centres has
prevented many poolrooma of the undesir'
able character from springing up. But the
fh ltna hoa,d not beatlsfled with
that. They should make themselves ao at
tractive and Interesting a. i.. ":..
2ihi?y8 h0 nw 8eek niuseraent In
pool Joints. One way to accomplish this
is to make the play at these MntreTylrU
F51 t0PP'al Qt only to the bay wh
Ur-moderate and tractable, but also fa the
lad who is more or less of a roughneck It
la this elass or boys that stand. In mattit
need of saving. Effeminate play surrwaded
ronalie. Up wU' nQt E tlW V
CRISES IN GREAT LIVES
June 17, 1789. the Freneh RvauUm had
Just begun to brew. On that day the Third
&;. l?d 5y.u ceo1' l,elat- Wn-lipped
abbe, declared tfawnselves th National As
Bembly. There sat amomr thorn a mat, ,i,v.
out Influence and with only the doubtful
notoriety of a pair of ladroua lawsuits.
He was ugly, hideous with pock-marks a
llvtd grft fac. fat. domineering, swagger
log. His naa waa Mirabaau Honors
Gabriel atolti. da Mimboa.
gU d tor tt a&ff i mm et a
rommand, through a trusted and d'Rnlfled
soldier, that the Stales General mustj leave
their eonvehltdn plnce the Tennis Courts,
as they wero called. In a heavy voice mo
soldier. Marquis de Dreux-Breze, delivered
tho message. Tho long habit of obedience
began to prevail over the newly formed
Independence of mind. Tho deputies, already
far gone In fear of the king and his coun
selors, wero wavering. There was for a
short time a dead silence as each deputy
looked to his fellow to start, either to go pr
to bravo tho authority of France. Liberty
seemed to tremble at the Tennis Courts.
Then suddenly, nmld tho hesitating crowdT
there rose tho huge, overbearing flguro or
Mlrabeau. His gieat head wns thrown back,
his black eyes shone with a terrible blaze or
flro as his deep voice oiled out his dcflahce1
"Tell your master that nothing but force
shall remove ns from this Iirt.II, nnd that we
shall yield to no authority but that of
A shout of applause wont up and In tiiftt
moment Mlrabeau was nindo master of the
convention. Tho marquis went back to the
king and reported that tho convention would
"Ah! Let them sin v." said the monarch
weakly. And they did, led by the ono man
who could drive royalty Itself before him
when his career and his right wero at slake,
VIEWS OF READERS
OJN TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State nnd Nation.
To the Editor ef the Btentna Ltdgtrl
8lr I am not In the widely traveled poMtlon
of H. L, Ames, who writes you that the tele
phone service In this city Is the worst in six
American cities he has known, I havo had less
experience, but I had to come to Philadelphia
to be treated to the prime example of telephonic
outrage, inmilt nnd exasperation. It happens
this way. I call Walnut 65432, for example.
Through the corridors of time I hear Walnut
C3I32 echoing onward, Everv ODcrator Is made
conncious of my deep desire to chat with Walnut ,
WW., jjvery operator, I Judge, does her beat to
lot me chal. There Is a buzzing, an ear-racking
crackling, then n profound, an ominous silence.
1 listen. The answer la silence. And then, flv
minutes Inter. I am wakened from my sweet
slumber by a lovely far-off voice, which sas:
"Special operator, what number did you call,
please?" Having by that time forgotten the
number, missed my train, and lost all desire to
speak coherently to any one, I answer In what,
I fear, Is no propor tone, nnd go away, leaving
the receiver oft the hook. Nasty, but a man
must have somo revengo! GEOHQE KING.
Philadelphia, Novombor 23,
THE VAUES, SQUARC DEAL LEADERS
To the Editor of the Eicntnp Ledgtrl
8U- "McNirhol Is planning to get the Upper
hand at this session ot the Legislature In order
to be in a position to relegate the Vares to ward
leaders in tho mayoralty fight." I quote from
the IJvbning LEDQEn of today's date and ad
dresss you for tho privilege of saying, IT
CAN'T BE DONE, Simply because we who en
roll under the Vnro leadership are a host too
largo to crowd Into any single ward In Phila
delphia, or Into several wards, since wo are not
"phantom voters" nor transient citizens from
tenderloin rookeries, but sound and staunch,
square-deal Republicans, rock-ribbed citizens
from every ward in the city, who proudly rally
round the standard of our square-deal leaders,
tho Vare brothers, to declare our Independence
of boas rule nnd to fight ngainst being Tarn
manylzed through tho treachery of the "ten
derloin boss." CITIZEN.
Philadelphia, November 22.
PEOPLE WANT PUBLICITY
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Tho people want tho truth about "Twl
Mght Sleep," about the purity of food products,
and about all announcements by reputable
scientists and disreputable quacks which have
relation to health and hygiene. The more pub
licity given to these subjects the better for the
Public. DAVID W. ROSS.
Philadelphia, November 22.
Slowly but surely a war spirit Is shanlntr Itself
In this country. Indications of It are multiplying
fast, not that anything definite Is threatening
us, or that there Is the remotest fear of our
country being Invaded, but that the madness of
tho European world Is sure to manifest Itself
In some equally mad venture against the United
States and Its guardianship of North and South
America. New Haven Journnl-Courler.
A humane nnd enlightened Government would
not at this time take offense at the action of
a Belgian representative,, even though that
action were somewhat Irritating, nut the
world sympathy for the most unfortunate and
heroic of nations has not penetrated Mexico.
Sympathy and chivalry are unknown qualltlei
In the land of pulque. Tacoma Tribune.
And what will those suspicious Mexicans
think If our troops come away from Vera
Cruz and bring that J1.000000 or more of cus
toms collections with them? Now Tork Herald.
This Is now the chief difficulty In the way of
our South American trade. Uncertain trans
portation and round-about exchange and unfa
miliar goods could not balk trade like strin
gency In South American finance. Brazil nmi
other countries were In difficulties when the
war broke out; now their whole continent is
on the verge of panic because the customary
markets for Its raw products have vanished.
New Tork Preas.
It will be Interesting to observe the results
of his enthronement In tha capital as the fourth
popular Idol since Porfjrio Diaz was knocked off
his pedestal. So far luck has always been with
tha Insurgent until he wins his right and as
sumes a benevolent dictatorship; then the gods
of war and public favor desert him In favor of
the next coming man. Whether fate has this
Ironic end In store for Villa remains to be seen.
But It Is announced that a clash with that
other possible pacifier, Gmlllano Zapata, Is
pretty sure to ba the first fruit of his arrival
at the go.tl of hla present struggle. New York
Economists, sociologists and other students of
the capital and labor question seem to agree
that the present Industrial unrest la due prl
marlly to a readjustment that Is goingon be.
neath the surface. The Colorado and Butta out.
breaks ale hardly, as the Radicals sometimes
aver, to be taken as evidence of an increasing
tendency to nettle Industrial differences with
guns and knives. Indianapolis News.
The ancient and the lovely land
la sown wth death, across the plain
Unsamered now the orchards stand,
Th Maxim nestles in the grain,
the shrapnel spreads a stinging flail.
Where pallid nuns the- cloister trod
The airship plU her leaden hall;
But after all the battles God.
Athwart the vineyard's ordered banks
Silent the red. rent forms recline.
And from their stark and speechless ranks
There flows a richer, ruddier wine;
While down the lane and through the wall
The victors writhe upon the sod.
Nor hied the onward bug(e.call;
But-after all the bugles-God.
By night the blazing cities flare
Like mushroom torches U the sky
The rocking ramparts trenflKe ere
The sullen cannon boom reply.
And shattered Is th templa-spire
m utmn uwnpua oa tag clod
And every altar btaok wjtfa &r,
Rut-afUr aU ti altam-a4.
And all the prizes we have won
Ar buried la a deadly dust,
The thlaga we set our hearts Upon
Banaath th trUkn earth are thrust
Again the Savage greats the sua.
Again Ids feat, witfe fury shod,
Actom a world is anguish ran.
Biit-aftar all the ansulah'aod.
Th grim campaign, the gun. live .word.
TtM qtilok olcano from tha sea.
The honor that nveMt the word
The sacrifice, the agony
Theso b our hartiaae aad prtda
, Till the last daapot kiaa th rod
And, ttti man a trdoiu yurlAad
We mark-behind eiur triiuajihlbod.
ataa aUitj, u tin tmm0 -jirtox
Portugal, which has recently shaken IU
nf at Qermany from a safe distance. Is ft
."malt'counTryhlch h rrtade deep denfc
Li ."IW' Ad ,Wah,e Newrork and
o ten during Its "legated career haa con
talned less than a ml Il6n people Tet It htf
1 103S ilia.. "" J ;--'i,- - . .,..
SUng DaSS in ino conceuui ,...w.w . ------
and has recently renewed Its youth by .kick
ing out Its king, establishing a republic and
Joining the big European rough house.
Portugal Is located on tho west side of the
Spanish peninsula and Is a sunny, plctti
rcsquo country which supports 6,000,000 with
less than half of Its area. Its chief products
aro wlrie, olives, fruits, onions ana oun us."--.
Some of tho Implements Used by the Por
tuguese farmers wero Invented by tne
Romans, and If a splf-blnder were Introduced
In somo provinces the Inhabitants would
climb trees for safety when they saw It com
ing. Only 20 per cent, of tho Portuguese
can read or write; moro than half of them
can sail a. boat. The Portuguese sardine fleet
Is composed of 20,000 vessels and the Portu
guese have been first-class navigators for
BOO years. . ..
The Portuguese first discovered the way
around the Cape of Good Hope at a time
when tho reptiles in the southern seaa were
supposed to bo more deadly than submarines.
Four hundred years ago the Portuguese
empire extended around the globo and Por
tuguese sallora were traveling over oceans
which wero unsuspected by other nations.
However, the Portuguese navy Is not going
to mako much trouble In the present war. It
consists of ono rickety battleship and a few
gunboats, and ono German war cruiser
would pi tho whole thing before breakfast.
Portugal settled Brazil and owned It for
almost 300 years. At tho end of this time
Brazil wns so much bigger than Portugal
that a dispute arose as to which country
owned the other, nnd Portugal barely es
caped with lis Independence. Tho Portu
guese havo always had n hard time with
their kings and have started out with a
republic knowing as little about self-government
ns a missionary does about aero
planes. But they havo gotten along four
years with only a few minor revolutions and
aro very hopeful.
Portugal has one great city, Lisbon, cele
brated for Its earthquakes. It also has bet
ter roads than America, but this Is almost
an unnecessary statement. George Fitch.
"Iloll Me One 1"
Tommy Atkins at tho front
Is a queer and self-willed lad
Slips away on a still-hunt,
For what ho wants he wants It bail.
Not n woolen mitt he seeks,
Nor galoshes for his hoofs.
What cares ho If trenches leak?
Ho requires no waterproofs.
Simple Tommy Atkins knows
Just ono thing to sootho his achln's.
While the cheerful watch-fire glows,
All ho asks Is Just "tho maklns."
Wo're Just like you, Tommy A.
When our spirits 'gin to fag,
At tho close of somo bad day,
AU wo ask Is just "a scag."
British and Turkish aeroplanes were fly
ing over Egypt.
"Pyramids," exclaimed tho Sphinx, ven
turing to speak for the first time theso many
days, "the 20th century looks down upon
"Let's drop into this restaurant."
"I dpn't believe I caro to eat anything."
"Well, come In and get a new hat for your
old one, anyway," Boston Transcript.
About now begin to practice writing
"1916." that jou may avoid making errors
uie nrsi or tne year.
The Commuter's Tipperary
It's a long way by trolley,
It's a long way to go;
It's a long way bv trollev
When trolleys aro ao slow'.
Farowell wlfe I know,
It's 6:45 In the morning,
But I'vo got to go!
Having reached the River Bug, the Ger
mans will now proceed to scratch them
selves Into trenches.
., Quite Natural
"Why nre worn' o crazy over these bat-tered-up
"I suppose It Is because of the Innate
feminine lovo of remnants." naiHmnn,
Not Up to Date
"The Conkllns say that they came over
on the Mayflower."
"That's nothing to boast of; she was only
a sailing ship."
Turner, the English artist, was once at a
dinner where several artists, amateurs and
literary men were convened. A poet, by way
of being facetious, proposed as a toast, "The
Painters and Glaziers of England." Tho
toast was drunk; and Turner, after return
ing thanks for it, proposed, "Success to the
Paper Stalners," and tailed upon the poet to
F'nancier That Is not the same tale that
you told me a few days ago.
hnfr-?0' i'r' n.??.1 you dldn,t bellve
that one. London Mall.
Said a mother to her daughter, "You are
very, very rude
8-.r,?J? and handsome suitor whom you
.,.. .me th6 other night." -
"Oh, that's all right, dear mother said her
daughter. "I'm no prude. " r
TbeoUte1?" Ut yeSterday' w"y "hould
Let's Hop a So
Sign In Cottage Grove, Wis.;
THIS SHOP WILL BE CLOSED I
IN THB HEREAFTER.
Not What He Meant
tMrtodn' t0 raU,i you,d l-t-The
Guest-Oh, thanka very much but it's
not bad enough for that-Tal, Record! ,
" I IS
The Babbling Fool
u uuc mat man?
"What has he done to vnnw
' hlthnim??- "- .
he'las'srandg'by: W & when
"Did he Iauglfat your " me'
If &V .' woutdn'hav5er8,Ve W
venge. I could call himTL"ave,oni" re
sted and looked m-atd ? h,?8 m"ely
awful ass of myslf. And ii dJd roake an
eyes seemed to bay. -r uLf?,1 le time h
man Is acting thS WttUynr9tad why that
hlm7 I htta pX8B a"hef reason i tal1
llttle-souled rJS2! Lai IU,irlUnI
He doasrft to lb& day iff 'u,,Mjitl.
irionda. But that mf . ar vry good
pened to Z aSSoinTby "tl, K
friend of miM- ""8 w"l vr b ft
afraid n w. ,hhate PP we're not
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