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EVENING LKBaKB-PHILABELPHIA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER
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t'HILAUKM'lllA, SATURDAY, IXOVEMMF.n 2H, l'Jlt.
Commuters Will Fight
TIIK rnto hearing yesterday developed
little moro than tho reasonableness of tho
commuters' attitude and tho corresponding
unreasonableness of the railroads. Commis
sioner Pennypacker wns happy In hid sug
gestion that tho roads voluntarily postpone
putting tho proposed rates into effect pend
ing a decision by tho Public Service Commis
sion. By accepting so fair a proposal tho
roads might readily have won back somo of
tho popularity which they have forfeited.
They preferred, through their attorney, to
nuggest that Commuters could now load up
with tickets at tho present rates for a year
to come, an though commuters were persons
80 well supplied with money that they could
afford to pay a year In advance for sorvlce.
The Erlo Hallway has put tho other roads
in a very embarrassing position. Certainly
tho Erie Is not tho most prosperous public
Carrier In tho East, yet its president avers
that thcro Is4 no reason lor changing tho
commutation rates. Of tho three roads enter
ing Philadelphia, ono at least hns been noted
moro for tho overplus than tho deficiency
In Its dividends. Nor Ir it right to mako
trafllc conditions In a notoriously bad busi
ness year tho basis for tho imposition of
new commutation tariffs.
The charge of conspiracy, If not legally
well founded, has In It tho aspects of accur
acy. It would bo dlfllcult to convince any
commuter that tho responsible olllcers of tho
roads did not combine and agree among
themselves to institute simultaneously a
definitely studied and harmonious system of
Increases. It smacks of a conspiracy and
It behooves the Department of Justice to
glvo tho matter Its very careful attention.
Tho light, of course, has just begun. It
Involves the prosperity not only of many
suburbs and of the city Itself, but Anally
oven of the railroads'. Regulation of public
utilities Is too susceptible to public opinion
and responsive to well-defined popular de
mands for tho breaking of any Implied con
tract of this kind to bo carried out with
impunity. Tho authority of the peoplo is un
limited, and they may be expected to employ
every recourse they possess. Just as cer
tainly they aro willing to pay an advanced
prlco, If conditions warrant It, but tho aboli
tion of tho 100-trIp tickets has tho appear
ance of a hold-up.
Welcome to the Army and Navy
WELCOME, Cadets! Welcomo, Midship
men I Philadelphia is glad . that tho
difficulties have disappeared which threat
ened to deprive her of what has-become both
the most spectacular athletic event of thu
year and a unlquo social occasion.
Philadelphia Is glad because tho game this
afternoon continues a goodly list of encoun
ters that carry tho mind back In pleasant
reminiscence to days when football was n
very different affair. Philadelphia U glad
because tho game this afternoon brings her
a glimpse of tho Washington notables In
whose hands her Interests and the nation's
rest. And Philadelphia Is g'ad because this
afternoon furnishes a flno, clean example of
a great sport. Hero's to our next meeting!
Trade Rights of Americans
THE continents of North and South Amer
ica have a natural relationship of In
terests that not even tho cataclysm of tho
European war can be permitted to menace.
Certain of the Latln-Amcrlcan Republics
havu asked the United States to Join with
them In demanding tho rights of neutrality
for the trade routes used by them and us.
That there should bo a dislocation of com
merce In the Wostern Hemisphere because
of the belligerency of European nations Is a
flagrant outrage of our rights. There should
be no difficulty In establishing the principle
of Immunity. If the Pan-American Union,
or n commission duly appointed by the
union, will mark linos of meridian on the
east and west coasts within which any bellig
erent acta or Interference with neutral com
merce shall be construed as acts of hostility
toward both of the Americas, the European
nations will respect tho declaration.
.. In making this proposal to tho United
, States Government the suggesting nations
Argentina, Chill, Peru and Uruguay lay
down also a reciprocal proposition to' tho
effect that the war vessels of belligerent
Powers will not be permitted to coal In any
of the ports of Central and Southern America.
This guarantee will take away the only ex
cuse for the naval presence of any of the
belligerents in American waters, and would
do s,way with any possibility of misunder
standing. If these proposals are to be
Adapted, thy should be taken up at once
because the present situation Is irritating
"and dangerous for all concerned.
Guardians of America's Honor
GBNBRAI PUNSTON and a large part of
the American troops from Vera, Cruz
lmve reached Galveston; the marines are ex
, peeted in Philadelphia next week. The men
bave come through a very difficult situation
' With great credit to themselves and to tbelr
' BAURtry. It deserves nubHe recognition. A
- IllHVM of absence is net enough.
. ' Gyneral f unston's men landed in the prln-';-:,,
ejnal port of a nation at peace with the
''VI&lLpi States. They Mie4 a Oity wbtou
OHeretl aeuve anu nuway reiwaee. -rney
Aid all this in a country wheee nerves were
already over-stressed by a long period of In
surrection. And yeT for seven months they
h4d and administered Yera, Cruz so firmly,
a wtaely, aad so Justly that no whisper of
JlaimU)lil fWWMh gnaUfcrl Aswles,
. mm9 m iva tiA I
Phlladefphla should give them n reception
that would speak tho nation's gratitude. They
were sent to guard America' honor. They
have held It untarnished.
X Great Stadium for Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA Is the Athletic cnpltal of
the nation. It cannot retain this dis
tinction unless It meets the necessities of
modern sport. The tlmo has passed when
10,000 or 20,000. constitutes n crowd. Tho
Yale bowl, greatest of modern stadia, waa
taxed to its rapacity only last week. Every
fall tho demand for seats to the world's
champion baseball series 13 double the sup
ply, Thera. are occasions each year when
a seating capacity of 100,000 would scarcely
be sufficient, nnd Increasing popular Inter
est In sports augurs rt tlmo when oven so
vast n seating capacity as that will not bo
ndenuatc. Football matches In England nro
sometimes viewed by larger assemblages.
Philadelphia must have a stadium, tho
most completo In Amorlca, the most com
modious. It must bo ablo to offer to the
Army and Navy annually tho finest facili
ties In tho country for their great game. It
must bo ablo to present Buch unparalleled
advantages for othor major sports, tho Inter
collcglato track meet, etc., that thero will
bo no possibility of nny other city chal
lenging its supremacy.
It Is an investment that far-seeing busi
ness men cannot Ignore. Receipts from tho
Increased number of Beats at tho Army and
Navy gamo nlono would provide u nutn suf
ficient for Interest nnd amortization in 10
years of a $400,000 stadium.
Philadelphia must not agnln run tho risk
of losing tho Army and Navy game, oven
In nltcrnnto years. It must not Jeopardize
Its prestige in national athletics. It must
bo prompt nnd quick in mooting this situ
ation. It miiBt rush ahead Into moderniza
tion of facilities and utilize the opportunity
for tho perpetuation of Its supremacy. Our
business organizations should arouse them
selves, nnd so should Councils. Let tho
greatest stadium In Amorlca bo ready for
the celebration of Its opening by tho Army
and Navy when next they play here. This
Is a thing so wlso and noccssnry that no
Vigilant city can Ignore it. Philadelphia
needs a stadium and Philadelphia will got it.
AT ONE tlmo tho American consciousness
A was bordered by tho Atlantic on tho cast
and tho Allegheny Mountains on tho west.
Expansion was slow and difficult to achieve,
but eventually the boundary passed tho Mis
sissippi, then tho Rocky Mountains and at
length paused for a while at tho Pacific coast.
But only for a while. At ono leap It took in
tho Hawaiian Islands, to be followed shortly
by Jumping to tho Philippines from tho west
and Cuba and Porto Rico from tho east.
Today tho whole world is being forced upon
our consciousness, and without any effort wo
aro using continents as units of thought and
terms of speech. At last America has taken
its International place of pro-eminence, and
tho eyes of all races aro turned toward the
ono country that can replenish the exhausted
From across the flvo soas, from every con
tinent and many of tho far-flung Islands of
tho world inquiries for American-made com
modities and American raw material aro
pouring In upon our manufacturers and Job
bers. Our ability to meet tho demand Is com
mensurnto with tho opportunity. Wo havo
been given a place In tho sun that we must
never relinquish, and If our enterprise keeps
paco with our enlnrged vision, thero will bo
no port In the world where the American flag
Is unseen and no market that Is not dom
inated by American products.
Another "Mere Woman"
YES, this Is tho age of feminism. It doesn't
tako Government census reports to con
vlnco the averago citizen that there are 2873
lady bollcrmakers In tho United States. All
he has to do Is to watch his newspaper.
This week introduces a New York girl who
nets as night watchman in tho produce dis
trict. She keeps an eye on the fruit left
standing on the curb over night. Every now
and then sho nails a thief with a box of
grapes under his arm. It's her enterprising
way of solving the hlgh-cost-of-llvlng prob
lem now that her father Is dead.
But, of course, she can't vote. Sho hasn't
the cool Judgment. She Isn't to be trusted
with largo affairs. She doesn't understand
things outsldo the home. It wouldn't be right
to force her to enter tho mixed crowd of a
polling place. And, of course, she couldn't
go to war.
They had to catch Croker In his old age
before he would fall victim to any tribe but
With England floating a billion and three
quarters war loan, America wasn't a moment
too soon with her new banking system.
An aluminum and copper alloy that looks
like gold and wears like Egyptian bronze
ought to make good Jewelry. But it will
probably be too cheap.
It the weatherman Is partial to Saturdays
during the football season, he seoms posi
tively prejudiced against bad weather when
the Army and Navy come along.
It is reported that Mme. Calllaux has left
France for an unknown destination, presum
ably South America; but a moro reasonable
surmise would be that she Is headed for the
New Tork vaudeville stage.
German, apologists say that the war was
foreed on the Fatherland by reason of the
necessity for providing for her surplus popu
lation; but by this time we Judge that this
necessity Is not so pressing as it might have
been before the carnage began.
If any one wants to save money on eggs
all he has to do is to go out to Missouri and
get on the other side of the market. The
Johnson County rarm Bureau has found a
way for giving the farmers S cents a dozen
more profit than they used to get which
should be "seme profit."
If any visitor to America were to read
FmWeot WUaes's ftYft-volume history at. the
ABMriean people, says Mrs. Ofearlea A. Beard,
suffragist, "he would Imagine that there had
been no women In this part of the universe
from the landing of the Pilgrims to the pres
ent day, for scarcely a mention of women can
be found in all the hundreds of pages." Fu
ture ltfetary will be different. The www
M wsig Jt la many Spites the a days,
ARNOLD BENNETT WANTS
GERMANY TRIED BY NEUTRALS
Suggests President Wilson as Chief Justice to Preside at Trial A
Distinctly British View of the Case of Belgium, in Which the
Fatherland is Assumed to Be the Defendant in the Dock.
"JET tho Hague Court of Arbitral Justice
JLj Inaugurate Its career with ft bench of neu
tral States under tho Chief Justiceship of
Preslilont Wilson, with Germany In tho dock
on an Indictment reading 'Belgium' I" This
Is, In substance, Arnold Bennett's reply to a
question as to the most effective service Amer
ica can render civilization at the present crisis
In the world's hlatory.
On every hand Americans in England hear
the view seriously expressed that our sympa
thy for the Allies or what Is believed here to
be tho sympathy of at least 75 per cent, of us
ought to take a more positive and tangible
form than merely Platonic sentiment. Many
Englishmen nro paraphrasing what the old
Gorman historian, Theodor Mommson, once said
to mo during tho South African Wnr when I
told hhn that tho vast majority of Americans
undoubtedly sided with tho Boers: "That is
nil very well, but why don't you do something?
Platonic love never boro children."
KtiRliultmon who feel that America ought to
bo "a hero In tho strife" BUbmlt that Britain
nnd Franco aro lighting our battle as well as
theirs. They say that tho British navy stands
not only botweon Kalsorlsm nnd these Isles,
but between German militarism and Its frankly
tonreseed designs on Monroeism. Such a view
is held by Arnold Bennett, with whom I have
Just had tho privilege of discussing this par
ticular phnse of the situation at his pretty
count! y place at Thorpe-lc-Soken, In Essex.
Bennett, like all thinkers of his race and
generation, abhors warj but he Is at ono with
them today in Insisting that thero can never
again be peace till "tho German menaco" has
been stamped out for all tlmo to come. I
asked the author of "Your United States," to
which ho paid a mcmornblo visit three years
ago, to air his opinions as to the moat effect
ual rolo neutral America can play amid the
crash and din of Europe's titanic killings.
Bennett's View of Our Duty
Tho Idea that tho Allies fight for America
as well as for themselves Is lucidly advanced
In Bcnnott'B "Liberty A Statement of Eng
land's Case," which Is ono of tho most popular
and telling of the many preachments on the
war now crowding tho English bookstalls.
"I didn't want even the assurance of one
like yourself, fresh from tho United States,"
said Bennett, "to convlnco mo that tho great
majority of peoplo In Amorlca are strongly on
the side of tho Allies In this ntfalr. I have
had lots of letters from American friends and
readers, and they leave me In no doubt on tho
point. Other English writers are receiving
quantities of evidence of the same kind as to
what you think over there.
"The fact Is the proofs of sympathy are so
striking that we havo begun to oak ourselves
whether bucIi sympathy could not bo turned
Into deeds, and ought not to bo turned Into
"Somo persons In England, perhaps, consider
that you ought to mobilize your army and navy
and cross the Atlantic with both. I don't. In
deed, I consider such an Idea entirely absurd.
The United States has shown that she can
flght, but on tho present occasion her moral
force will bo far moro useful than her guns,
however efficient they may be. At least that's
"It's true that Just now wo aro fighting the
battle of the United States as well as our
own. But wo can manage. We can, I believe,
keep cur end up, and a bit more. In tho alter
cation. I've beon gradually coming to this
conclusion for somo time and so havo a lot of
"If wo were going to be beaten America
would assuredly have to create an army and
Increase her navy and quickly, too. Only wo
aren't. So that America Is free to confine her
self to the moral rolo. This Is not an easy
Moral Role Needs Courage
"The Kaisor (as he still Is) might and prob
ably would smile at tho moral role.
"But tho Kaiser doesn't understand every
thing even In the conduct of war. Seo how
ho Is mixing up political and military considera
tions at the present time. Tho moral role needs
Just as much courage as tho military rolo. In
deed, it needs more.
"Tho Kaiser and his staff don't sit in the
trenches and they doubtless take care to get
a good meal every few hours. They only tell
other people to go out nnd starve and get
wounded and killed. But If the United States
undertook such a moral rote as I have In mind.
It Is President Wilson himself and his great
est officials who would have to sit in the
"Now there aro two things I want you to
understand before you go any further. First,
I havo no wish that the United States by moral
Intervention should try to end this war. We
prefer to end this war ourselves. Germany be
gan It In her way. I believe that we shall end
it In ours.
Urges Conclave of Neutrals
"Secondly, I have no notion whatever of
teaching President Wilson his business. We In
England clearly realize that President Wilson
Is In an extremely difficult and delicate situa
tion and Is proving splendidly equal to It. I'm
not a diplomatist; I'm a novelist. But even
novelists have Ideas occasionally.
"I have had an Idea for the utilization of the
warm sympathy and the moral force of the
United Ptates at the present time. Others may
have had the same Idea I don't know. All I
know Is that I've had It I offer It with the
greatest diffidence and deference.
"It's this that the United States, as the
greatest and most powerful neutral State,
should as soon as possible invite the other
neutral States of the world to assemble in eon
clave at The Hague. If eyer the court of
arbitral Justice, recommended by the second
Hague conference, Is to be Inaugurated, now
is the moment for doing so.
Like castles stand the bastloned walls of France,
Dun, gray and white upon the boundless blue,
With sallyports where knights have ridden
In ships to high adventure and romsnee.
Bearing the compass in the place of lance,
Bach setting bravely forth with meager crew
The dragon-guarded distance to subdue,
The crimson Christ-world borders to advanse.
Beneath these walls which faced the dread un
Whloh saw those ships drop down into the sea,
A child from far-discovered oeast looks
Out toward that Western land ha calls his own
He is the New SepubHes Youth to roe.
The quest waa aS worth whtfe for him alone.
.-John FJaUy, in the Qutkwk,
"Let the court be convened by President Wil
son. He Is an Idealist and a man of experience,
and of very powerful common sense. He has
Immenso individual force. In short, he would
be fully able to bear tho enormous responsi
bility Of the undertaking and probably nobody
"The tribunal would consist of a bench of
tho neutral States. Three of tho belligerent
Towers Germany, France and Belgium have
already appealed to the United States on con
troversial questions relating to the war atrdol
ties, dumdum bullets, etc so that America al
ready hss a sort of International mandate to
take the Initiative, especially as tho question
of questions Belgium has been formally put
"My scheme Is that tho tribunal thus consti
tuted nnd presided over by tho United States
shoutd try a case. Tou can describe that caso
In ono word 'Belgium!' Even today the sig
nificance 08 that word has not been sufficiently
Impressed on tho imagination of tho world.
Want Germany to Answer
"Tho action of the tribunal would Impress
this word as nothing before ever has been Im
pressed on the world's Imagination. Belgium
would be tho complainant In this political trial.
Germany would bo the defendant. Germany
would bo Invited to tho International bar to
answer Belgium's Indictment. She already has
claimed that her Belgian caso Is good. Sho
would havo tho chance to prove her claim.
"Sho might refuso to enter an nppearance.
Well, bo much the worse for her. If she camo
tho court would havo to seo that she confined
her pleading to tho Indictment Belgium! Let
tho court assume, If Germany Insists, that
Slavism Is a menaco to Germanism whatever
that formula may mean.
"Lot tho court, If It pleases, also assumo that
a miserable nation of English shopkeepers Is
filled with envy of on Inoffensive, pacific, ambi
tious, superior rival. Let Germany's counsel
talk eloquently of tho Fronoh dream of a
rovanchc, and how In pure self-dofense sho had
to throttle It.
Would Consider Belgium Alono
"Then let the court gently bring Germany
back to tho sole Indictment Belgium! Ger
many would be made to see that Belgium, and
Bolglum alono, Is the matter bofore the court,
and that tho verdict would concern Itself with
Belgium and Belgium alone.
"Assuming that Germany entered appear
ance before the tribunal, she would of course
assert what sho has all along asserted namely,
that sho meant wol! to tho Belgians, intended
them no permanent harm, and only offered them
violence when her army "of necessity knows
no Ifxw" was welcomed with shot and sholl
Instead of with open armB. Sho will Inevitably
argue that Louvnln, Termonde nnd Aerschot
were 'reprisals' for brutalities unspeakable, In
flicted by Belgian civilian snipers, as well as
by uniformed men authorized to kill, on the
Kaiser's culture-laden soldiers.
"In reply to all this and a. lot more, Belgium,
1 lie complainant, would no doubt ask Germany
to define the difference between a German
army in Belgium and an armed burglar In a
private house.' And when Germany hnd an
swered tho conundrum to tho best of hor
ability, the tribunal would glvo Its verdict.
"My own personal feeling Is . that Germany
did not go to war with Belgium. She burglar
ized Belgium. If she was maimed while do
ing so sho was simply a victim of the risks
of tho burglar's profession. Every house
breaker who operntes with revolvers and dyna
mite knows what he may expect.
"Germany has doubtless not gotten In Bel
glum what she expected, but sho has received
nothing but what sho deserved. However, I
will not seek to antlclpato the tribunal's verdict.
"Let us supposo that the court has convened,
heard the evidence, deliberated, and given a
verdict. You say that would not stop tho war.
OP course It wouldn't. But I am morally quite
certain that the offect of tho verdict would be
enormous. That verdict would resound through
tho world with a reverberation louder than all
Germany's guns put together. It would be
Urges United States to Lead
"The United States, and the United States
alone. Is qualified nay, more, by reason of the
previous appeals to her she Is authorized to
take the first step In the direction I have indi
cated. To my mind hero lies her duty to
civilization. I haven't attempted to work out
the scheme In detail. My talk Ib necessarily
crude. But I will stand by the essentials of It.
"Winston Churchill has reminded us that
'this Is no ordinary war.' No 'ordinary' meth
ods of treating the moral situation arising from
It are In place. It would be no ordinary thing
for the United States' President to initiate tho
action I have ventured to suggest. But he is
no ordinary man. And America ocouples no
ordinary position in the world, either.
"I've told you already tho English opinion
of President Wilson. Ho is unmistakably the
man of the hour. Tho grandeur of his oppor
tunity and the vastneas of the Issue should
appeal to the heroic quality In him. I say no
more, and let me repeat, that what 1 have
said is said with diffidence and the deepest re
spect. My manner Ib possibly no diffident, but
you must not Judge by that"
Mr. Bennett, leaving war and talking shop,
Imparted to me that he is In the midst of a
new novel, to be finished during the coming
winter. His play "Milestones" has Just beon
revived In London, which seems to be finding
war time an appropriate season for "revivals."
Many of the plays now running are reproduc
tions of old favorites. "Milestones" and "Tho
Great Adventure" (Bennett's other successful
play, which la still In the midst of an unbroken
two years' career) have achieved the record
runs of the century between 600 and 700 Lon.
don performances each,
London, November 10.
Most of the cats in Liberia are of a bright
red tint, and they are very conspicuous in
the moonlight. ' m
At one time watches were called Nurem
berg eggs, because they were oval In shane
and made In that town.
In size and Importance the Bodleian Li
brary, at Oxford, with 2.7SQ.Q00 volumes, la
the greatest university library In the world
and the greatest library not dlreotly aided
by the State. About seven rank above It In
the world, but among Bnglisb-Bpeaklng peo
ple only the British Museum,
S. V. Dvoynlkov, the Czar's oldest soldier
born In 18U. recently walked a distance ol
m mllea wlifc the ayiw4 MUentlos el .
UaUag sm yojyitm ftk Wftj ft
accepted. Ho lives In the ? whrS. ?
win bom, and has In his time taken port ; In
many campaigns, having begun hla m'tftr
career under Emperor Nicholas I. Tot
valor in the Polish war he waa raised to tno
rank of sublieutenant,
Tho "arm-in-arm convention" was n name
given to n convention of Bepub cans that
supported President Johnson's policy on re
construction. It met In Philadelphia in Au
gust, I860. Its name nroso from the fact
that the members from Massachusetts nna
from South Carolina entered tho convention
together at tho head of tho delegates,
Arlosto, In his "Orlando Fitrloso," says In
tho moon aro treasured up tho precious tlmo
misspent In piny, nil vain efforts, all vows
never paid, nil counsel thrown away, all de
sires that lead to nothing, tho vanity of
titles, flattery, great men's promises, court
services and death-bed alms. Popo in Tne
Bnpo of tho Lock" says:
Thcro heroes' wits are kept In ponderous
And beaux' In snuff boxes and tweezer
cases! , ,
Thero broken vows and death-bed aims
And lovers' hearts with ends of ribbon
Tho courtlors promises, and sick mans
The smiles of harlots, and the tears 01
Cages for gnats, and chains to yoke a
Dried butterflies, nnd tome3 of casuistry.
VIEWS OF READERS
OiN TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin.
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State and Nation.
To thi Editor 0 tht Evening htiatrt
Sir I was much Interested In Mr. Thompson's
excellent article which appeared In your paper
today. But what Is going to bo done about
tho transatlantic "conferences," which allot
business, pool earnings, control sailings, con
trol rotes and mako rebates, thus exercising a
practical monopoly over tho trade not only be
tween this hemisphere and Europo, but also be
tween South America and the United States?
The merchant marine, which we hope Ameri
can business men will build up, when Congress
lets them, will havo to figure on tho existing
oceanic trado trust, which tho war has not
abolished. It seems an If there must be rate
regulation of all vessels sailing out of our
ports Just as thero Is rate regulation of tho
railroads. Tho Bhlpplng linos would willingly
submit themselves to such regulation, as many
of their officials havo said, for they know
that tho system of "fighting ships" Is not only
Iniquitous but In the long run too expensive
Philadelphia, November 27.
"BACK TO THE FARM!"
To tht Editor of tht Evening Ledger
Sir In ono of your editorials you say: "If
there aro not enough Jobs In tho city, there aro
plenty In the country." That Is easy to say,
and I BUpposo you said It with tho difficulties
In mind; but I would like to call attention to
the fact that, an unemployed man In Philadel
phia cannot afford to travel out to the wheat
fields of the West to got a Job that lasts only
a few wcoks. Especially If he has a family.
Thero Is a whole lot of nonsense In this
"back-to-tho-farm" talk. This country needs
a rural renascence, both economic nnd Boclal.
But dumping on tho farms men who have bo
come Industrial derelicts will not do anybody
any good. As to buying a farm and going out
to work It, thero can bo no success for tho
man who Is not as thoroughly prepared for
farming as a professional man ought to bo for
his own line of work.
Philadelphia, November 27.
AREA OF CITIES
To the Editor of tho Evening Ledger:
Sir I challenge the assertion you make In
today's Kvbnino Lnnacn In the Bapld Transit
article, viz., "that Philadelphia Is much larger
In nrca than any othor city In the United
States." This Is not correct, and I ask you
to publish tho areas of the five largest cities
(In population) In the United States. Shame
on you to bo always knocking your own city.
Philadelphia, November 24.
The metropolitan areas of tho five largest
cities In population In tho United States aro
ns follows: Philadelphia. 767 square miles;
Boston, 605 square miles; New York, K6 square
miles; Chicago, 432 square miles, and St. Louis,
itl.37 square miles. Tho figures are taken from
a report made by experts whose conclusions
aro given in Volume No. 1 of tho report of
tho Trnnslt Commissioner of the city, Issued in
July, 1313. Editor of tho Evbnino LEDonn.
LIKES PHILADELPHIA'S CARS
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir As a recent arrival from tho home of
the Braves, I want to compliment Philadel
phia on Its street cars the big green ones, of
course. Boston thinks pretty well of her own
trolleys, especially the "pay-as-you-enters,"
which sho calls "Prepayment Cars." But
they're not to be compared with Philadelphia's.
The big virtue of theso Is their front entrance
which lots tho passenger get a little help from
tho motion of the car In getting to his seat
as It starts, or to the door as It stops. And
the ventilation system Is not to bo passed by
without commendation. L. S. H.
Philadelphia, November 27.
CUSTOMS AT OPERA AND MOVIES
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir V'our correspondent, Edward Gordon, In
his letter published In your columns last even
ing, whacks the custom of applauding singers
at the opera at the most Inopportune moments.
I should like to make a protest against the
custom of some of the peoplo In moving
picture audiences of commenting on the scenes
on the screen In voices loud enough to distract
the attention of their neighbors, I have Intelli
gence enough to follow the plot without be
ing told all wrong by tho man sitting behind
me. MOVIE DEVOTEE.
Philadelphia, November 27.
JUSTICE IN COLORADO
To the Editor of th Evening Ledger:
Sir I note from your news columns that the
Governor and tho Governor-elect of Colorado
aro agreed that the labor trouble in the mine
district must cost Colorado no more money
and bloodshed. That's right, stop the expense
and the bloodshed. But see that the Issues
which caused the original trouble are thor
oughly Investigated, and then eoe that some
arrangement Is made whereby those Issues will
be settled in accordance with Justice to the
men concerned, Do these things first, and
expense and bloodshed will stop, a. F. r,
Philadelphia, November 27.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
Interstate Commerce Commissioner Clements
appears now as a platform denouncer of Irregut
lar rate-making by State Governments, and as
a champion of "uniformity." Under recent de
cisions, if Clements' commission does Its duty,
neither the railroads r.or the people will suffer
The real question Is, If or when this duty is
going to be done. Brooklyn Eagle,
More than 50 per cent of ocean shipping is
British, Jn strewing the sea with floating ex
plosives the Germans have a better chance
according to the law of averages, of hitting a
British" than any other vessel. But the foreign
nations whose vessels are destroyed are not
inclined to tolerate this attitude toward the
law of averages. Toronto Qlobe.
Many men who make a study of such matters
predict that next spring will see a great for
ward movement in American industry and com
merce, which seems quite likely. When New
York and Now England begin to show optimism
tho rest of the country may well cheer uD a bit.
We have the stuff to sell and are finding the
market for It Indianapolis News.
Mr. Wilson has ereated the conviction that
his conduct of foreign affaire is determined by
Justice; that he has an iron will to pursue the
course he thinks right in the teeth of clamor
and passion; that be bates Jtageieai and loves
peace; that his understanding U as iar as bit
A halfback Is a college rt"0 Jj 8fi
ear nnd a condition In pern". t
Theso diseases are not """K'.litor
a halfback catches them. No one runs wter
trouble simply as ft halfback, or overtakes
It moro cnslly. ,.. on (,1s
Tho halfback plays behind tno "
football from tho Quarterback f ".
over and under and through U men wno
aro determined to upset him and sit on his
"Without opposition ft halfback could carry
this ball a mile at a tlmo. As It j. ni "
nroud and happy when he carrliti .nY5
yTrus before hlfeaturcs are ta"
tho frozen ground. There are many oocu
patlons which require nerve naflultotaUd
with thoughtfulncss, but none which requires
more norvo and less discretion than that ot
Irving to tunnel through 200-pound BUftrd8
Snd a centre, all with destructive dlsposl
"when tho halfback Is not being; ud ay a
park bench by the other team he Is "
as ft harrow. Nothing hB2S$
player more than to grasp a flying nalfbaoit
by tho ankles and thus cause him to tear up
several yards of sod with his ngulu .Ore
clan features. It takes ii very durable set
of features to last nn Industrious halfback
through n football senson. ..
When n halfback Is not doing these things
ho Is allowing some largo opponent lo tangio
his foot in his ribs, thus tripping him up
nnd diverting his nttentlon from p. personal
friend who is carrying tho hall. It is also
his duty when tho other sldo is advancing
to stand beforo n thundering giant and twine
himself about said giant's legs. Catching
automobiles by tho hind wheel is good prac
tlco for this sort of work.
It will thus be seen that tho halfback leads
a busy nnd caro-froo llfo. Ho often goes to
tho backshop for repairs, but ns ft10 "
finishes school with his class and all or his
limbs, and thereafter he displays a calm con
fidence In tackling trouble and plowing
through opposition, which mnKes him known
as a ma who doesn't mind hard knocks. Wo
need moro halfbacks in politics roform in
these days being as vigorous and Jarring an
occupation as football. Gcorgo Fitch.
Expert Review of tho Week's "War
All day today it snowed and rained;
Relations nro a little strained.
.- .-.-...-..1. ... nH,A aHll In TTInnrinra.
And Bernnrd Shaw still prints his slanders.
Today our frlond Yprcs is bombarded,
And Rubs advances nro retarded.
Tho Crown Princo shaved at 6 p. m.
Tho Germans Joffro cannot stem.
Tho Gcrmnns now rotrent from Lodz,
Tho Yser fields aro swamps and muds.
Tho French nro still at (name deleted);
The Turkish rout Is now completed.
On this our bright Thanksgiving Day
Wo go to seo Ponn-Cornoll play.
Tho war' goes on, for who can stop it?
But wo nro willing Just to drop it.
A British ship goes down at Sheerncss,
Tho Allies tnko Dlxmudo ngaln.
This world Is full of odds and qucornosa)
Tho Crown Princo is subdued again.
Wo don't predict; wo will not Ho.
This poem's written Friday morn.
Lot Allies rago, lot Germans cry;
Wo won't predict; we will not lie.
Tomorrow peace may como, and why
Bo subjoct to the reader's scorn?
Wo won't predict; wo will not Ho;
This poem's written Friday morn.
"My watch nnd Jewelry were stolen last
"Burglars In tho house?"
"No, In tho pawnshop."
A witness, in describing a certain event,
said: "The person I snw nt the head of tho
stairs was a man with ono eyo named
"What was tho name of tho other eye?"
spitefully asked the opposing counsel.
Tho witness was disgusted with tho levity
of the audience. Exchange.
According to the Dispatches
What time tho Wost was wooly wild;
It bristled with groat big revolvors,
At least In books, and every child
Could read of daring myst ry solvers.
But now its glory Is at rest.
There's not, in Action, oven one man
Who'd write of gunflghts In the West;
New York's tho homo of every gunman.
"Paw, what's a propagandist?"
"A man who gets his advertising for noth
ing, my son."
Stevenson on Respectability
Respectability Is a very good thing In Its
way, but It does not rlso superior to nil con
siderations. I would not for a moment ven
ture to hint that It was a matter of taste.
but I think I will go as far as this, that if
a position is namittcdiy unkind, uncomfort
able, unnecessary nnd superfluously useless,
although It wero as respectable as the
Church of England, the sooner a man is
out of it, tho better for himself and all' con
cerned. From "An Inland Voyage."
Wo Introduce to you Pat Keats. ,
Ho really Is an honest fella: :l
Though rain was coming down in sheets, J
TT.h V.mi.11 ntt a.nnl n n I.M.l.nHnl1n iSf
Even In Olden Days
Teacher Diogenes lived in a tub and
Johnny What an awful lot of company hl
parents must nave naa.
The prodigal son returned home after thesj
"It's tho same old home; the same old
room, but what an unfamiliar air," he sal
"it's seen changed twice since you weni
away, responaea nis rona aaa.
"Her father declares that the day she marj
ries mat conege looinau player she will
a million dollars."
"And only get a quarterback." Boston
"Who waa the mesage from?" asked Noah,
wnen tno wireiess sparks began to fly ov
"An Atlantic City promoter." reDlled th
operator, "He wants to sell you a concMJ
From the Cub's Nntehnnlr
Y.?irAp r,Vi1tn fllMA l...l,.. x t... LI.
- "". . .. " uuer must H a
"favorite dish." President Wilson, for ln-
Bio.ut.c, ta tcLiuieu m ue a lover or cnicasn i
fricassee, and the Washington correspond- j
pntlt RflV thqt a nlAl.,.1 . ,L. .J..!.... I.
source of greater delight to him than a I
Democratic victory In a Republican State.
But the tastes of Governor-elect Martin O.
Brumbaugh are leas pretentious. Hla hap
piest hours are spent before a dish of onions
good, old-fashioned, pungent, non-deodor-Jzed
Pennsylvania Dutch onions. The emi
nent educator boasts that he can eat three
whole ones without giving way to tears and
that he seldom stops at one.
Mustard pretzels also have a claim on his
appetite. Qnce when the Board of Recrea
tion threatened to drive the traditional
pretzel man from the publlo playgrounds,
i2tor. Brumbaugh entered emphatic pro
test 'Dietetic and sanitation be hanged."
i.fv!i mf "whn mustard pretzeia are
j va ta j wem since 1 was
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