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( p!f,"p'r w ?W"-'S- A Sf EVENING LBDGtI3B-l5HILADBLPHIA' MONDAY, DEOEMBEE 7, 1014. ifc-i.a...y flf- 1 r iJjjer PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY ctnvs tr u cutms. r-atsioasT. Otn W. Ochs 8sretary, John C. Martin, Trtaaurerf Charles It. Ludlneton, fhlllp S Celllna, Jfthn n. TV1I tim. Director.. , EDITOniALIlOAnDl I Ctses H It. Ccails, Chilrmftn. jg. It -WHALBY Executive Bdltor " r9?" c- ' AHTIK General Dullness Manarsr futltshed dally at Proud tatxna Hulldlnr. Independence Square, Philadelphia. Ltwsa CgsTitlr Broad and Chestnut Simla AtUKtic Titr . ...rrfjs-ttnlon Building- 5" T" ....1T0-A, .Metropolitan Tower Omexoo SIT Home Insurance nuntn Lo.NboM 8 Waterloo Dace, Tall Mall, S. W. NBWsnunBAust gaitiMCjn nhiuuc. ,. Thn r-alrfef TtulMIn ffBW YotiK ntawo . ... Th roniellulldlmr tatis ntiaajn no Frlertrifhttraoa &J.TO "HasAlJ ....... . 2 Tall Mall East, S. W. Fists Scant) . . 32 Itue Loula la arand SUBSCniPTlON TEnMS By earrljr, pttTpsur. lx cent, tlj- mall, pn.lpald titalda of Philadelphia aicept where foreljtn noslara I required. Daiii Omt. me month. tventy.fle cental rk at v nur . ik... .i.n f.a i . r DttT Qlt, one year, threa dollars. Ausmall tub' vcripuona pajaoia in navance toELUSOOOVAMtT KM STONE, MAIN SOOO S J W 4-timt all communications to Xnnlntr 1 . ierfflff, litrffjirndcitcs Square. FMIadtlnMa. i isicbcd At tns rmr ADaLrmt rosTorrtca ia accovo- ' CUII UAIt. U1TTSJ1. v i ' ' -' . . flllLADEM-IIIA, MONDA, DECLMOER 7, 1914. Municipal Ownership and Party Politics G BANTED that Frederick C. Howe, Com missioner of Immigration nt Ellis Island, fci correct In his statement that municipal ownership of public utilities In a success In many European cities, It does not follow that the same policy will be successful In Amer ican cities. Monarchy Is satisfactory to England, but It would be Intolerable here. Traditions, temperament and well-established habits reinforce certain features of government In Europe, but are firmly set against the establishment of similar fea tures In this country. All municipal ownership In Great Britain Is conditioned by specific nets of Parlia ment, and both in the purchase and opera tion of tho utilities tho public Is protected m against the very dangers that beset any sim ilar experiment In America. Olllolals nnd emplojcs of municipal corporations are not subject to change with ovcry veering of the political wind. Appolntmento are not made on tho basis of rownrd for potty party serv ices. Training and efficiency are tho In violable standards of service. The City Councils, being composed of successful busi ness men rather than ward politicians, ato able to guarantee a continuous business ad ministration of the publicly owned utilities. It America can ultimately free its cities from tho archaic bicameral and ward rep resentation system and elect the meat com petent men nvallablo as a municipal board of management, tho era may nrrlve when we can consider municipal ownership and oper ation as a feasible and practical plan. For tho tlmo being, It must remain an academic theory. Our first duty Is to Insist upon a higher standard of chnractor and efficiency in municipal representatives. Men of the highest typo nre willing: to serve their cities I? the hampering and paralyzing restrictions of party politics nro taken awny. Changing City Hall Plaza WHAT with tho rapid construction of tho Finance Building, the Widener Building and tho Commercial Trust Building on South and "West Penn Square, an entirely now aspect is given the surroundings and setting of the City Hall. It is a matter for publlo congratulation that thq architectural designs of the now skyscrapers! are Ruch as to blend harmoniously with tho Wanamnhor Building and others Cjt a similar naturo lining the square. Regrettable as It undoubtedly is that a park of Eoodly proportions was not established during the long years of the City Hall's con struction and at a time when tho land could have been had for a tithe of present values, nevertheless Phlladelphlans have reason to pride themselves on the growing metropolitan and businesslike appearance of tho Plaza viewed ns a whole. And old "Billy" Ponn still tops and dominates his new neighbors as he has done all previous ones fiom his 500-foot perch on the City Kail Tower. Better Than Cheaper Lights THE greatest gain that could possibly come to Philadelphia from the hearing at Harrlsburg on the public and private light lnsr rates In this city would be a willing co operation between the parties concerned. If the controversy should cease to be a con troversy and became a real get-together, that result Itself would be a hundred times more Important than the reduction of elec tric light bills. The company, says Its chief counsel, -will gladly meet tho city half way. It will furnish the facts on which it bases Its schedule of rates and talk things over in a. co-operative Spirit. Such ait attitude cannot make trouble. It can only put an end to the hostile feeling that sometimes, unfortunately, exists where there need be no hostility of Interest. Nothing bftter could happen. "Safety First" ior Politics ,rQAFJSTi' FIRST" is a good idea, but why T5 raatrict it to street crossings? Teach- ,K tiw Camden children how to avoid thw ugttiitg tfl,yW 9mt ear Is an twcellent thing; but why not ta.fc in polltlsq,? Try a few sample 4Mttsh fur a polSlSeaJ "safety first" pro. non't, expect a Councilman to work for . JUltljjBS. Don't expect a Councilman to hold two Jobs bfjMr than one. Ptm't- expect a Councilman who owrjs tene ?Mjjts Ip vote fur & housing bill. D't tWnk you'v done ail your wjrk when gjjji,n both eJaseeJ. fgrsc an mwut pernies till the next f 4 rmiii aerate the urau tna.y tn all right ir tcMLy, but tomorrow tfee eidW will b Stronger Than Wars WAA strike Us Uwa jp unlooked-for uuarlwe; tfar fait pm sjran&aly un avtlitxHuif ite0. WbiUs Araeelsa strains t" jfce UeviiiuMM Mpn $trlcksu BeJ ttt $ Utm wsjh J la ordiiwrily oon- ftfe -fcwMMuif tt jwt beitag" for M $oc t i. hrlutmas, tf iaaroa that ttie Mfn)- p( rnui-saatiad worksra to ta4 lhv yM Qw mm&luam aitnojii iike M,tatMtwi mm WWU 8WHW. Tne Silwtlun Ar ttt i vmnm to Bifima ad Fimm, mm tu.Wbr bv bMt diitftea .mo lmntal f i;wiry. AMI il WlMle ff ri beri nl ius- n.nit. mam turnas 10 in !mviiiuo r kraf b tummtwat m r J .ju.r bm atrfe. iar sryg .Bit- f f4Hl HhIU, bS4in fee$lo h w to. t, .M 'a toittuam. XUmimn j brtctta, wants to kiisw tmtt Portland. lfc. .. t A Mmmmt fut tfc- I & Smt, .4 w.tbtr ., li 4grtfJ fined, Israel Kanwlll ': "It ems to me, when the mighty conflict la over, that It will lr hardly bo Possible for Some year ahead to have German and English, or Russian and Austrian Jews' meeting; on a common basla." But Zangwlll should remember that Jews have held their countryless nationality through 13 centuries of wars, and they are not likely ever to lose It America Tomorrow THB face of the world Is being changed, Twenty years ago tho politics of Europe was of Incidental Interest to the United States; today the course of world events can ho gauged by the volume of smoke from American factories. Tomorrow tho quota tions from Argentina will be as Important to the business man as the San Francisco markets were yesterday. The Important thing Is not so much that we aie acquiring the International viewpoint ns, thai our business Interests are about to be universalized. We are approaching tho (pra of concessions, when tho statesmanship of our Government must concern Itself with tho extension, encouragement and protection of our Investments In every land under the sun. We shall be concerned bb much with the tariff Imposed by Chill as we have been with the Imposts at our own customs houses. Wo shall be vitally Interested In the Uia- s-.ll Ian elections, and a storm will not blow over Sumatra that tho report of It will not carry nlsp a statement of the offect on American business there. Our politics, therefore, whether wo wish It or not. Is In a transition period. Xow questions are already bursting Into promi nence, ureat Issues, before unknown here, will compel gradual national unanimity in respect to protection ns a basic formula for our work ovorseas, and this will become aa certain and fixed an American principle as the Monroe Doctrine. A great navy to pro tect our vast outlying Interests will become an absolute necessity nnd the sustenance of it will become a matter of course. Our diplomatic corps will develop Into a trained body of experts nnd national elTlelcncy will become the koynote of our entire represen tation abroad. The office will demand world figures as Secretaries of State. Our Presidents will be tested by new standards. There will bo a sweep to our legislation, a momentum be hind our policies, that will make many of our former paramount Issues seem insig nificant. Open questions will become set tled questions, no longer open to debate, since tho new perspective of tho nation will glimpse far vaster horizons. Our great na tional advertisers will becomo great Inter national advertisers. Destruction In Europe Is making America tho overpo'werlng con structive force of tho world. It is a good thing, perhaps, that the na tion has undergone Its recurrent expeilment In government by sentlmcntalism nnd hys teria. There will be need for hard common sense at Washington hereafter, for big men with broad visions, who have been tested in tho crucible of experience. There will be need for men capable of appreciating tho destiny of tho country and its pkico In the world. And It will be decades before tho nation again is sidetracked by tho exagger ation of minor Issues. Tho people under stand now bettor than ever before what they are after nnd they are going to fight for it In a sober, deliberate way, under In telligent guidance. The country is jouug; It Is only beginning to put on the toga and take Its proper placo In tho world. Enor mous as our progress and prosperity hno been, tho nation, after all, has been In a preparatory period only. Who Knows? IX THE ordinary news of the day la found tho following. Tho schooner Gaviota reported that 120 mllos south of Valpaiaiso sho found a por tion of the body of "a, British sailor floating on a lifebuoy from an English warship. The battle, a sinking ship, a plungo into the stormy depths, and then, by the mercy of God, a lifebuoy! Long hour.i, days and nights, waiting for a sail, exhaustion and a shark! Who knows? Humor is a Civic Asset THE Increase af from J5000 to 36000 in prizes for the "mummers' parade" on New Year's Day made by Councils Is in reality a tilbttte to the growing public appreciation of the civic side of the pageant. That the "mum mers" have been to Philadelphia what tho Mardl Gras has been to New Orleans in ad vertising value has long been patent. But more than this there has come lo be an an nual expectation that the follies and foibles of the city will be depleted in a keen yet enjoyable sense, entirely without malice, et not without a certain sting Thus things political have been shown up literally by means of floats or organized bodies of marching men. During the fight for a better water supply the "mummers" clubs made a pronounced hit with tholr de risive and pointed moving caricatures of filter plants that were not and muddy water that was, it is a healthy condition when a municipal ity of the size of Philadelphia can see its faults In a humorous light. Economic Anarchy WHEN JO people eat and sleep In two rooms every law of nature Is broken, every sanction of society Is outraged and every Instinct of decency Is violated. Humans cannot herd like cattle and remain human. A sano and healthy civilization cannot bear flowers or fruit with Its roots bedded in filth. Wherever goW'-fs set above men there must gome, sooner or later, a day of reckoning in whch the bill of costs against society s staggering. Outside of the health of Its citi zens a nation has 110 realizable assets; har vests must remain ungathered. minerals left in the ground, raw material be unutilized, unless ttje health of the workers if main tained. T.te worst economy is to waste human energy; the worst anarchy. Is to deny the elemental rights to men, women and children. , What dtfferenoe dpw It nuke who does not want rapid transit in PhlladsJphla if the Pttaple themselves are on ths athsr side? IJavW Starr Jqrdan caha ftrshardl a mill, tarr lunatic. But that's Bathing, to what tfaa Qg$ai aU Doctor Jordan. OWeaso m& Uat ii nolle? hava tw gKlftteu fj jhe fwu tHra Bom Jdi CMmm W th real tWwjc mw Tb Art CommlVt is soias i prevent the nud fntAMd of th tdeeeiy jrt These u i wnvo the wnhraLia &Ud hut rit3 are almost na dtshwtntiUBg ut t wtatr- Wka.t PhtUdtrfphtmi, vgnMiig mm l"MiF - toWpt- NEW NATIONS ALREADY RISING OUT OE THE WAR Shedding Themselves of Selfishness. Brag and Anathema Giving Way to Splendid Ideals Twentieth Century Miracle in France. Dy VANCE THOMPSON It is not what happens to ou In life thnt matters It's tho way In which you face It. SOMETHING like this Llojd-GeorB said In one of his gient speeches In the early part of the wnr. What Is happening In Ger many and Attatrla and Turkey few of us know, but as men do not differ much the world over (that Is tho chief thing one learns from travel). one may take It for granted they are facing the wnr with high courage and exultation, It is rii amazing thing but It Is true that there are few cowards In the world. There are men who don't want to enllat; who dodge conacrlp tlon; who hate tho thought of going to the front; but It Is not becnuso they are cowards It Is because they at a selfish or lazy or In lov, or any ronton ou please, except that they are cowards . If you really think cowardice Is the trouble with them. Just slap one off them In tile face! Tho unfortunate Austrlnns nre ns brave as the man with tht fez or the other man tinder the "plckelhnube " And all of them. I dnro say, are facing the wnr In the right way. I do not know. What I saw of tho German tioops was In the first few weeks of the war up In Alsnce, where In the first shock and strnln of war a kind of hysteria reigned. Officers nnd men were new to war nnd had not got a grip on themselves But I hnvo no doubt momen tous things aie happening In Geimany and Austria, that the people, notnbl), are learning lessons that will change tho enlli'e national structuie when the flffhtlng Is done and the day of reckoning comes for the rulers. A New France Born What is happening In Trance nnd England I do not know. Extraordinary things things that had seemed Impossible to the wildest prophet or dream-reader last Jul. Thore Is no cxnggeiatiun (for I have no need of it) In Bty Ing that a new France lin3 been born as In war-pains unspeakable. For 13 yeais Franco has been In the hands of the politicians, where of you know. When you looked out our window what you saw was moral, political, social anarchy. Came tho war. Franco had done binve tilings hi every sphere of human activity. Her musicians wore In the fiont of all nations, sho was at the head of science and scholarship; from painting lo fly ing she led; but It seemed that her high spirit ual destiny was to end In tho guttei and the mud, and that her political destiny uh to die In the appetites and greeds of tho politicians. In a day In an hour war knit together the old energies of the race And It was a ttrnnga thing to see 'laughter die In France. After the first horror of unexpectedness was con quered, thn faces of men and women wore wiped clean of fear and, also, of laughter na Bonpruds.is wiped from a plate. It was strange to see tho new faces gravo and steady, awed but courageous, races of Gaulish men and women. The old enetgy came back; and the old unity. Trlpst and Socialist,, clerical and revolution aire were merely Frenchmen And the old high idealism camo back. It was a strange thing unfamiliar nnd uncdmfortnble to the middle aged generation. A Twentieth Century Miracle Some day the history of the war will give a page to that strange scone whan Paris the hrlll, derisive Paris, you Know swarmed and jammed Its way Into Notre Dame. And they filled tho vast cathedral from wall to wall. They hung like bunches of grapes on tho an cient pillars. And outside the parvls and the square were black with humanity kneeling. Streets to right and left were filled, and the bridge and the quays; and all who could kneel knelt; and they sang the ancient canticles and the old Archbishop camo out and blessed them. That was as miraculous a thing aa has hap pened In the twentieth century Paris on Its knees, praying. Up In a little town In ricatdy I saw the sams miracle. And nt times It seems as though I had never really known France for this was a new France. It was at Albert. That little town Is a heap of ashes and broken stone and rotting bodies now for the Germans passed that way. But I was there before the Prussians shelled It. It's an unfortified little village It was on the pretty river Ancre, a little place of no im portance to any one save the C00O or 7000 quiet folk who lived there. One day I mention the date becausa it la significant August SI, thou sands of troops, French and British, were being sent through Albert on their way to the front. Thousands upon thousands of French soldiers were massed in the station and along the tracks I was standing on a bridge high over the railway, with a friend from Paris He was a man of title a count known pretty well everywhere. His mother lo a famous American. And In all Paris ho was the gayest, most cyn ical, horseraclngest and wildest devil of a fel low. Then he had on a dirty cap, red trousers, a dingy blue army coat with the worsted stripes to show his proud rank of corporal. We were leaning over the p4rapet, watching the troops enttaln. It was a blazing day; at U 3S p in Suddenly the air seemed to darken dojvn belqw us nnd around us. And the sun. that had been a blazing ball, turned Into a red and dirty disk with rass of crepe hanging from It. And d'Hauterlve said; "Hon Bleu! It's golns out." Then w remembered about the ccllps though we weren't studying almanacs In those days; and I safd: "it's over all of Europe. but It's darkest over Franca," And the Parisian leaned over the, bridge and shouted down into the darkness. What he hnutd was; "God save Franeej Apd iit 0' "" darkness below thousands upon thousands of voices shoutad back, "pod save France!" The Old Spirit Come Batk It was on extraordinary thing. Jn July you would haye said It was an Impossible thing. It waj as thougji there hag $oi$a bak tfl Fraiwe th old. fierce PWt f faith that sejjt th Cru sad 9yF sea aur 4seri, crying ihelr U la V?vU No matte'r wliat huppem to Frasee, she 1 faal thins in a ntw way to u the Welsh mSH's thought Pijee, mwrs. If this war were raersly a dirty aquabbja of fc-rMMU-trade-arubbr jMttwj tor place in the aua thara wouW h vmU hope fsr civilization. But lu ina who hava wwci'ed n J have coinln kwly to o iu. aluce 1SOT. know it is th UW tabic stnuKle btHTfu tae old forvM of democracy and armed arULQcraey 4uii u is JM4? eaartay fftp oi IJ ! mugo. I know mow thai i enaJajMl an4 rraiw. but I xu us ' ra of tfc ethara. Mtmm&y ia fcmt tu eia la tfcs Ua Uofl Btnawd w, Uj hi trtrM Brit ish, has a German sister, and her husband and, I think, her son Shaw's nephsw ata fighting bravely In the German trenches. The nations are Interpenetrated. Nothing can affect one nation (or one, man) without affecting every 6thcr nation (or man). Thinking Humble ' In the first anger and surprise of War lots of foolish, bad things were said fend written In England, as elsewhere. What you hear how Is different and what you read. 1 think t.loyd George voiced it first) nnd his words are worth knowing. He said the nations were "shedding themselves of selfishness," and making a new Europe a now world. That view Is worth white. And the newspapers ore dropping the tone of brag and annthemn. The London Times In a fine way denounces those who exult over tho ncmy-or envy them This article In the Times and If j 011 know that essentially English newspaper you will agree with me shows defi nitely how new and splendid an ideal has risen up In the public mind of England. A now ideal hns risen where there were sloth, obscurity and fatted Insolence Tou can see It in this: "Tho comparison wo have to make Is with our own Ideal, not with other existing men or nations. It do not matter whether we are Inferior or superior to'them in any respect; It matters only whether we arc doing our best to reach our own Ideal. In that effort men and nations alike would neither hate themselves nor others, but only forget themselves nnd alt comparisons with othars; nnd when comparisons were forced upon them by the strugglo for life they would not sufTnr them to trouble the peace of their souls with pride or hate or envy. So a nation would bo able to make even war without hate. We hope and believe we are making war so; but we must be on our guard lest wi think of vic tory aa n heaven beyond which we need not naplrc. Victory Is glorious In proportion to the value of the cause that triumphs (in II And ours will bo dust and aslios if It means to us only that we have shown ourselvea'bctter man thnn the Germans." That Is high thinking and humble thinking. If England has learned that lesson, something Is already pained In that red horror of war. The way she Is facing It mnttcrs more than what happens to her. And France, you remember, has found unity; and hns learned in the darkness-to call upon God. Two new things; and In them thete Is n hint of what the new Europe may be. YES, THE SAME CONNELLY To fie EdKor of the Uvcniiia Lcdoert Sir Some tlmo sfneo a Councilman hir Mia name of Connelly nronosed that thn rltv nur. chase the tract of ground bounded by Juniper, Broad, South Ponn square and Chestnut street, the Idea being to demolish tho buildings worth millions and transform the site Into a publlo park. In yesterday's Eveni.vo Lbdoeii I noticed that a Councllmah bearing the same name announced that funds could not be found ior mu riousing commission Kindly Inform me which wards these Connellys represent, nnd whether or not they are any relation to ench other. 11 a, B. Philadelphia, December tThc two Conuellv. are one and the same man. namely, John P. Connelly, chnlrman of tne Finance Committee of Councils. Editor of the Evu.MNa LUDucn MORE DATA ON IMMORTALITY To the Editor of the Hvenlnp Ledger: Sir A good many people thought that Dar win and his followers had killed oft the human soul And they did annihilate for many of us the belief In a spirit that rested on nq foundation of scientific knowledge Now, how ever, wo sea the scientists Sir Oliver Lodge, ns the latest revlvifvlng the soul with the facts and deductions of the psjeliologlc. as well as tho pel chic, laboratory. The newest contribution tho revival or life In n Califor nia woman who ceased to breathe and pulsate, as the roMill of a major operation may seem to befog tho Issue by suggesting such awk ward questions ns: "Where was her soul dut Ing the 10 minutes of death?" "How was It drawn baok Into the body by the merely phy- sicm uperuuDu or tne doctors squeezing the heart?" "Or was hci vital spark a mere prod uct of phjsical action?" Such questions, how ever, do not befog the Issue. They nre merely new facts which may take great effort to read aright, but in which there is mora chance of a solution than In the vacuity of Ignorance S Ar. L. Philadelphia, December C. TURKEYINTHE WAR To the Editor of the Evening Ledger- Sir Notnlng as jet has tested out the real force, of Turkey's entrance Into the war. But whether or not her forces are menacing ths Suez Canal, this Is an excellent occasion for the Allies to leallze that the entrance of Tur key into the war U far from an unmixed boon. Ttussla may welcome the opportunity of seiz ing Constantinople, but Frnnce and England must know that Turkish participation means Just that much more work for the already over loaded Allies. Tutkey surprised the world by proving an In significant opponent to the Balkan League. Her fanied fighting power waa only a thing of mem ory Even German training ha,d not prevented Its evaporation In the years since Turkey whip ped Greece Now. however. It may be another story. Britain learned much from the Boer War; Itus sla from her experiences with Japan. It Is not unlikely that Turkey has done the same. And Turkey now has German olllcerw and all the4 tactical resources of the German General Staff at its command. The ray of hope for the Allies outside the possibility that tho Turks "learn nqthlne" as well MS "forget nothing" Is that any consider able success for Ottoman arms will throw the Balkans Into the conflict, The threat of Turk ish ascendency can never again ba tolerated. h. G. C. Philadelphia. December t THE CRUISER The erulser Is a predatory craft with a thin skin and a huge set of engines. It Is built for the purpose of getting to places In a tremen dous hurry and of removing from aald places with even greater speed. The cruiser is built pf steel and carries ptenty of suns. However, they are not large guns, They tue only large enough to tear an ocean liner In two at one shot-not large enough 1" be of any use In a real war, A battleship would bark once at a cruiser and then spend three davs hunting for the remains. If it could gel within reach. . But the business of the cruUer is o remain exceedingly aloof from the hostile battleship. Far this purpow the modern cruiser Is com posed largely of engines. It can travel faster than a train on a railroad operated on a "safe ty first, speed nowhere" schedule. Thirty miles an hour Is not fast for an 'agile cruise' when it If headed for safety under full steam. Germany, nnd England have cruisers which are as large as battleships, and which travel miles an hour. The Qoeben la one of them The entire English and French fleets hunted her up and dpwn the Mediterranean, but ah dod3d the whole collection and is now placidly blowing up Jtutalan funboats under a Turkish flag. The United States also has many cruisers, but they do not travel SO miles an hour. 411 AnurU-an cruiser la built for comfort, not fqr speed. It h alwav been tl policy of the eminent fossil in charge of tho American navy to build war veasela about Hie knots blower than the prevaUJns style abroad. This adds to tbhr safety In making it impoMibte for ttitm to catch up with a hostile tease) and provoke a flsht. Tha erwlsejfp bwUiiess L to destroy the n-lay- merbnt marine and to do the general sjl-ftiounl ecroprtOK watte U battleships re mat teiiderly guarded at Uawe. Over tW cruis ers of W ltt v uk fjuea tba urastilJ, war bs-n. whJU the battle styji era sill aJatf Ogty a health ri0u-Gfpreo Fn.n i?r$jty$ Far Wlsair Srvui tkt N'w Tcrl; Evmlus Vent Theif u SMtefc tow talk ahaut h oaad ! Siearda." b whan nyouil aju wht in la gffre for, datiU ar am ferthxeo Ui !nHr, W oaM wo 4Mrt.!jf get int ewr tM4f, m Vm &at ta t prw, pdta? SHOP EAHLY, BtJT GO HOMB LATE. ANTONIO SALANDRAJPREMIER OF ITALY Accepting Office Under Unusual Difficulties, He Has Brought Order Out of Disorder His Diplomacy Most Evident in the Conduct of Internal Affairs An Able Cabinet. By A. A. THE man who steers Italy's course through tho existing Infelicity of general events well deserves a word of pialse. Premier Salandra comes from that good southern region of Puglla, where classic tradition, coupled, not antagonistic, with modern ac tivity and with records of -medieval gran deur, brings forth a valuable leaven to the uprising of Italian life of today. He Is a man still In tho prime of life, calm, vvcll balnnced, anno in mind and body, with the characteristics of tho Latin raco well ap parent In his mental mnko-up; keen insight, and a serene outlook an things. His life long legal training and 30t ears' parlia mentary experience enable him to value at their Just measure the fine points of sit uations, while u quick sense of humor and a quiet aristocratic contempt, for mental vulgarity nnd demagogic politics of every kind give him the happy mastery which revealed, itself alnco tho first dnva of his dllllc u It leadership nt the Chamber of Dep uties. It must be remembered that Premier Salandra. rose to his office whon, after the Libyan colonial war, tho Glollttl Cabinet crurqbled down under tho piossure of the Internal difficulties, unscrupulously evaded up to when they demanded Imperative so lutions, which the Cabinet was unable to face. The foreign altuatlon seemed quiet ac-nlie tlmo. The Socialists howled with unholy joy, as thoy thought thoy wqro going to have the Bpree of their life Over the new quiet, conservative Premier. Meanwhile, Glollttl was congratulating himself over his slick If unscrupulous way of sliding out of dlfncultlex and letting ono of his most ter rible rivals bo crushed by the rolling avalanche of popular dlscontont and the Socialistic revolt finally unchained. Salandra faced quietly first the parliamentary Indis cipline and the severe trial of handling a Chambor of Deputies elected by universal suffiage, for the first time In Italy, and, worse, under the auspices of his piedecessor and adversary ; then the railroad strike; then the riots of Ttomagna and the Marche, and then, fortunately, summer came, Par liament closed for the season, and the Cab inet was golnj; to work peacefully at sev eral urgent necessities of national life, when tho European war brqko, out suddenly, as the world knows. The formula of "watchful neutrality" that the Salandra Cabinet gave out then ns the emblem of Italian attitude was tho result of more careful thought and undoubtedly of bolder determination than could appear open ly at the time. Every day and ovent that has since passed has shown Its solid value as well as its foresight. Evidences ol Statesmanship After that of Pope Pus tho Tenth, another death of conspicuous importance happened In Rome; that of the Marquis dl San Glullano, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, -who long had been connected with the Interests of the Triple Alliance, In fact was understood to no one of Its strongest supporters n Itnllair-poHMcal circles. To obviate the imme diate Impression, which would have been Inevitable, of a break In the continuity of "the Italian attitude by the prompt appointment of another may, possibly of different personal views, proniler Salandra took temporarily in. nis own iianqs tue uirecuon, oi tne rorcign Office, thus, concentrating, instead of dispers ing', the sppremo authority of the national lire, closely connected in such a moment as this with the trdjd of international event?, The few days of his "regime" aj tho For eign Office have been characterized by an 1 Important event. The Albanian situation had bra yrowlngr worsa and worse, anarchy uc ' epidemic vying with each other as to whtah could make lite sadder to the few Europeans as well a" to the few natives! and the oiajlV refugees around the Bay of Valqna, lhat curious little harbor upon which eo rnuah, g the Adriatic situation depends. Surely, at Jeast to that unfortunate eqHegtivity, it miiat have aeeroed as" if the "trouble from the Bai kans," so consojentlousjy- prophesied by that delightful ehaj-aoter ot Kipling's "LJsht That, Fallad." Tqrpenhow, had Anally descended upon the eastern Adriatic coast to stay, aurosa vaj bujy way Mp rtb with her flsht Tho Csyiferanaa of Iudou warned barjly a. dj-tat af awpty word when Loudon wait Intent oh other things Of the galsr Pewv'ftra ia the WMifwwjea, Ual u mat4 ataae cowpjiraUvaiy U of mlud s.nd action An$ Itnly h quiatly goM ta Valeria, with a, fw ship m a suitary -jp4ithsi to relieve ths jitwsmri, f nckaaaf .; huf tMd tfct tw mi mmuxiiy ---aSs? BERNARDY rebellion from the threshold of the Adriatic. The word of the Conference of London must bo respected on tho eastern shora whilo some ono Is capabla of enforcing It with the demon ntratlon of quiet power against disorderly elements, nnd the ministration. of human mercy to the Buffering crowd whoso distress ing Ill-health might prove a serious menace to tho military conditions of tho vvholo Adri atic coast. The military occupation of the little strategic island of Saseno guarantees the situation from nnothor standpoint. Salandra's Able Advisers One piece of good foiluno has befallen Premier Salandra In the accomplishment of his arduous duties: the ncccptnnco by Baron Sonnlno of the Ministry of Koielgn Affairs, nnd that came as the conscqlionco of a knot of difficult "Inside" conditions happl) re solved. Shoitly after the opening of tho European war, tho Secretary of State for the Navy, Admiral, Millo, who had-prev.lQUBly.lql;on an active part in tho Italian colonial war, had to resign on account of prolonged Ill-health, Later, tho Secretary of War, and, after him. tho Minister of Finance, found It expedient to resign In favor of stronger or bolder suc cessors. Meanwhile Majrquls dl San aiullnno succumbed to an attack of the gout that had been troubling him for years, ao that It seemed Impossible to proceed to the necessary reorganization of tho Cnbipet without a trans formation, bo It ever so slight, of its political chnracter; and Premier Salandra resigned hla office and that of his colleagues, remaining In power, "In the hands of the Crown." Of course, since this resignation was, not the consequece of parliamentary vote or of obvi ous national disfavor (In fact, quite the con- ' tiary), the Crown very wisely as well as con stitutionally relntrusted to Salandra tho com position of a now Cabinet, which was effected successfully nnd with exceptional promptness; the most notable accession to it being that of Baroq Sonnlno, former Piemler, a, man of Irreproachable character and undisputed rep utatlon, as hlB Minister of Foreign Affairs. Apropos of this accession, the wags have not failed to remark that Salandra'a situation re sembled that of Pope Benedict XV, In that the Pope had for his Secretary of State a man preconlied Pope himself; and the Premier who began his career as a satellite of gonnlno has Sonnlno nows his right-hand man, But both Premier and Minister aro far too auperl-or-mlndcd to attach any importance to a dif ference of outward position when the nation needs their services in a moment which may decide history to come; and Italy as a whole understands tho arrangement in the right spirit nnd appreciates the services of her big men as they richly deserve to be appreciated. Home, November 25, 1914. THE PEACE-PACT They were foes as they fell n that frontier vme friends as they lay with their wounds unbound. Waiting the dawn of their lat morning light It was silence all, save a shuddering sound From the souls of the dying that rose around; And the heart of the one to the other cried. As closer they drew, and their arms en wound, "There will be no war on the Qther SId." As the souls of the dying mounted high It seemed they could hear the lopg farewell' Then together they spake, and they questioned wnjr Since they hated not why this evil befell? And neither the Frank nor the German could tell Wherefore themselves and their countryman died. But they fid that Herwfter In peace tbey should, dwell "There will be no war on the Other Side." As they langutshad there on that field accurst. "With their wounds unbound, in their mortal pain. gtotke one to th other. "I faint fawn thirst'" And the other made answer, "What drops re main. 1I,.w,.J,f!tflwk tUou halt 8lfly drain!" As he JhUed the flask the thr replied, "Tfaera wili be na war on tae qther side'" And it aama to pass as the night WOr"e. deep That yer through all their vJBs waa fanned. So that visions were thalra (yet net from sjeep). Ad each was flown to hU own loved land. BrtulM aeh. one ntiwmuied, "Thy 1 hou art my b-tfca--Raugbt ehall oUvU, Sometbio wa.t Wg "but ..aJTmUoJ. Theie will b o war on the utnar SiJSr7 , 8NVOI. Comrade ef vce. w ,, e bt tr, As w. uk. oa tea ws tha huna ttda. " U b o nr ea m uthcr a fl ?- ?. frlSEfiSi , rAOBflPHBilllB .a3 -z- r Jamfimiigm.