EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1914,
PRESIDENT WILSON PUTS TRADE FIRST IN HIS MESSAGE
Continued froth rsge One
tha "moral Insurance" of the nation
should bo guarded "when half the world
la on fire." Laughter amplified the up
plaus when President Wilson augyeated
that the country should be ashamed "of
a.ny. thought of hotlllty or fearful prepara
tion, for trouble." Laughter was renewed
when he naked tho naval xprta to tell
'What sort of naval craft should be built
to be effective for the next 10 years,
President Wilson accompanied by the
ecret service men left the capltol for
the White Houflo at 1:15 o'clock.
THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS
The President spoke1 as follows:
Gentlemen of the Congress!
The session upon which you are now
entering will be the closing session of
the 6d Congress, & Congresst I ven
ture to say, which win long be remem
o"red for the great body of thoughtful
and constructive work which tt has done,
In loyal response to the thought and needs
of the country. I should like Jn this ad
dress to review the notable record and
try to make adequate assessment of It;
but no doubt we stand too near the work
that has been done and arc ourselves too
much part of tt to play the part of his
torians toward It.
Moreover, our thoughts are now more of
the future than of the past. Whllo we
ha.Ve worked at our tasks of peace the
circumstances of the whole age have been
altered by war. What we have done for
our own land and our own people we did
with tho best that was In us, whether of
character or of Intelligence, with sober
enthusiasm and a confidence in the prin
ciples upon which we were acting which
aurtained us at every step of the dlfllcult
undertaking; but It Is done. It has panned
from our hands. It Is now an established
part of the legislation of the country.
Its usefulness. Its effects, will dlsclctoo
themselves In experience. What chiefly
strikes us now, as wo look about us dur
ing these closing days of a year which
will be forever memoraulo In the history
of the world, Is that -wo race new tasks,
have been facing them these bIx months,
must face them In the months to come
face them without partisan feeling, like
men who have forgotten everything but
.a common duty nnd the fact that we are
representatives of a great people, whose
thought Is not of us, but of what America
owes to herself and to all mankind In
auch circumstances as these upon, which
we look amazed and anxious.
War has Interrupted tho means of trade
not only but also the processes of produc
tion. In Europe It Is destroying mon and
and upon a. scalo un-
Effect of precedented and ap-
, the War on palling. Thers Is rea-
son to fear that the
Commerce tmB neal.t if jt b
not already at hand,
when scvoral of the
countries of Europe will find It dlfllcult
,to do for tholr people what they have
hitherto been always easily able to do
mam essential and fundamental things.
At, any rate, they will need our help and
our manifold services as they have never
needed them before; and we should be
ready, moro fit and ready than we have
ever been. m
It Is of equal consequence that the na
tions whom Europe has usually supplied
with Innumerable articles of manufacture
and commerce of which they are In con
stant need and without which their eco-
' nomlo development halts and stands still
can now get only a small part of what
, they, formerly imported and eagerly look
to us to supply their all but empty mar
kets. This Is particularly true of our own
neighbors, the States, great and small, of
Crntral and South America. Their1 lines
of trade hnVA hitherto r-lln r-hleflv ntViwni-r
lthe seas, not to our ports, but to tha ports
or ureat Britain ana of the older con
tinent of Europe. I do not stop to In-
juiro wny or to make any comment on
irobable causes. What Interests us Just
jaw is noi tne explanation cut tne fact.
a our duty and opportunity In the pres-
oe of It. Here are markets which wo
ust supply, and we must find the means
action. The United States, this great
pie for whom we speak and act, should
ready, as never before, to serve Itself
d to serve mankind; ready with Its re-
urces. Its enerirles. Its forces nf nm.
Auction and Its means of distribution.
It Is a very practical matter, a. matter
f ways and means. Wo have the r.
Ources, but are we fullv reariv n ii
themT And, If we can make ready what
we have, have we tho means at hand to
distribute it? We are not fully ready:
either have we the means of rilitrlhu.
tlon, We are willing, but we are not
'fully able. We have the wish to serve
,na to serve greatly, generously, but wo
are not prepared as we should be. We
l(ire not ready to mobilize our resources
'at once. We are not prepared to uso
them Immediately and at their best, with
out delay and without waste.
to apeaK plainly, we have crosalv
!rred In tho way Jn which we havo
stunted and hindered the development of
our merchant ma.
T , , rlne. And now, when
'" we neea snips, w
Merchant have not got them.
r.. w hav y-r after
-.... year debated, with
out end op conclu-
eel am s I & hAMl is .
mi , "'"Hi o ist policy
i6 pursue with regard to the use of the
;rc Him luroauj arm water powers of our
Htlonal domain In the, Hrh mat.. e i
kVest, when wo should havo acted: and
ihey are still locked up. The key Is still
urnea upon them, the door shut fast at
rnicn inousanas or vigorous mert, full
t Initiative, knock clamorously for ad-
nuwco. ino water power of our navl.
Die Streams OUtalde the mllnnnl An.
aln also, even in the Eait.m m..
hero we have worked and nlanneH or
eneratlons. is still not used ax it mlsht
e, because we will and wo won't: b.
ausa tha laws wa havo mada da not in.
elllgently balance encouragement against
Birainu vyo wnnnoia Dy regulation.
I havo come to ask you to remedy and
correct these mistakes and omissions.
even at this short session of a Congress
Which would certainly seem to have done
all the work that could reasonably be ei.
'?td of It, The time and tha clrcum-
stances are extraordinary, and so .must
our efforts be also.
.Fortunately, two great measures, fin..
tys. conceived, tha one to" unlock, with
roper smoguarus, me resources of the
national domain, the othet toencourage
the use of the navigable waters outside
that domain for the generation of power,
have nlready passed the House of Repre
sentatives and are ready for Immediate
consideration Rnd action by the Senate.
With the deepest earnestness f urge their
prompt passage. In them both we turn
our backs upon hesitation and make
shift arid formulate a Kenulne policy of
uso and conservation, In the best sense
of those words. Wa owe the one meas
ure not only to the people of that great
western country for whoso free and sys
tematic development, as It seems to me,
our legislation hsa done so little, but
also to the people of the nation as a
whole! and we as clearly owe the otlir
In fulfillment of our repeated promises
that the water power of the couritry
snoum in fact as wen as in name be put
at tha disposal of great industries which
can make economical and profitable use
of It, the rights of the public being ade
quately guarded the while, and monopoly
In the use prevented. To have begun such
measures and not completed them. would
Indeed mar the record of this great Con
gress very seriously. I hope and con
fidently bellovn that they will be com
pleted. And there Is another great piece of leg
islation which awaits nnd should receive
the sanction of the Senate! I msan the
bill which gives a
larger measure of
,. ... . self-government to
Philippine 41,0 Utopia of tn4(
m oeuor, in mis time
of anxious question
ing and peplexed pol
icy, could we show our confidence In the
principles of liberty, as the source as well
as tho expression of life, how better could
we demonstrate our own self-possession
and steadfastness in the courses of Jus
tice and disinterestedness than by thus
going calmly forward to fulfill our prom
ises to n dependent people, who will now
look more anxiously than ever to see
whsther we have Indeed the liberality,
the unselfishness, the courage, the faith
we have boasted and professed. I can
not believe that the Senate will let this
great measure of constructive Justice
await the action of another Congress. Its
passage would nobly crown the record of
these two years of memorable labor.
But I think that you will agree with me
that this does not complete tho toll of
our duly. How are we to carry our goods
lo the empty markets
of which I have
spoken If wo havo
not the ships? How
are we to build up a
great trado If wo
have not the certain
and constant means
of transportation upon which nil profitable
and useful commerco depends7 And how
are we to get the ships If wo wait for the
trade to develop without them? To cor
rect tho many mistakes by which we have
discouraged nnd all but destroyed the
merchant marine of the- country, to re
trace the steps by which we. have. It seems
almost deliberately, withdrawn our flag
from the seas, except where, here and
there, a ship of war la bidden to carry It
or (some wandering yacht displays It,
would take a long time and Involve many
detailed Items of legislation, and the trade
which wo ought Immediately to handle
would disappear or find other channels
while we debated tho Items.
The case Is not unlike that which con
fronted ua when our own continent was
to be opened up to settlement and Indus
try, and wo needed long lines of railway,
extended means of transportation 'nre.
pared beforehand, If development was not
to lag Intolerably and wait Interminably.
Wo lavishly subsidized the building of
transcontinental railroads. We look back
upon that with regret now, because the
subsidies led to many scandals of which
wo are ashamed; but we know that the
railroads ha'd to be built, and If we had
It to do over again we should, of course,
build them, but It arjother way. The're-r
fore I propose another way of providing
the means of transportation, which must
precede, not tardily follow, tho develop
ment of our trade with our neighbor
oiaies oi America, it may seem a re
versal of the natural order of things, but
It Is true, that the routes of trado must
be actually opened by many ships and
regular sailings and moderate charges
before streams of merchandise will flow
ireeiy and profitably through them.
Hence the pending shipping bill, dis
cussed at tho last session, but as yet
passed by neither house. In my Judgment
such legislation Is Imperatively needed
and cannot wisely be postponed. The
Government must open these gates of
trade, and open them wide; open them
before It Is altogether profitable to open
them, or altogether reasonable to ask
private capital to open them, at a! venture.
It Is not a question of the Government
monopolising the field. It should take
action to make It certain that transporta
tion at reasonable rates will bo promptly
provided, even where the carriage Is not
at first profitable; and then, when the
carriage has become sufficiently profitable
to attract and engage privaja" capital, and
engage it In abundance, the" Government
ought to withdraw, I yery earnestly hope
that the Congress will be of-this opinion,
and that both houses will adopt this ex
ceedingly Important bill.
The great subject of rural credits still
remains to be dealt with, and it Is aTnat-
ter of deep regret that the difficulties
of the subject have
seemed to render It
impossible to com
plete a bill for pas
sage at this session.
But It cannot be per.
feqted yet, and there
fore there are no
measures tha nr...
alty for which I will at this tlmo call
your attention tot but I would t nn.
gent of a very manifest duty were I not
to call the attention of tho Senate to the
fact that the proposed convention for
safety at ea awaits Its confirmation and
that tha limit fixed In the convention It
self for its acceptance is the last day of
tho present month. The conference In
which the convention originated was
called by the United States; the repre
sentatives of the United States played a
very. Influential part, indeed, Jn framing
tho provision; of tha proposed conven.
tlon, and those provisions are In them
selves for the most part admirable, It
would hardly bo conslstsnt with the part
wo have played In tha whole matter to let
It drop and go by tha board aa If forgot
ten and neglected. It was ratified lit May
last by the German Government ahd In
August by the Parliament of Great
Britain. It marks a most hopeful and de
cided advance In Internal civilization. We
should show our earnest good fath In a
great matter by adding our own accept
ance of It.
There Is another matter of which I
must make special mention, If t am to
discharge my conscience, lest It should
escape your atten
tion. It may seem a
Survey and very ma11 thins. It
m..ri affects only a single
Charting of item of appropriation.
Coast 8 But many human
lives and many great
enterprises hang upon
It. It Is a matter of making ade
quate provision for the survey and chart
ing of our coasts. It Is immediately
pressing and exigent in connection with
the Immense coast tine of Alaska, a coast
line greater than that of the United
States themselves, though It Is also very
Important, Indeed, with regard to the old
er coasts of the Continent. We cannot
uso our great Alaskan domain, ships will
not ply thither. If those coasts and their
many hidden dangers are not thoroughly
surveyed and oharted. The work Is In
complete at almost every point. Ships
and lives have been tost In threading
what were supposed to be well-known
main channels, We have not provided
adequate vessels or adequate machinery
for the survey and charting. We have
used old vessels that were not big enough
or strong enough and which were so
nearly unseaworthy thaPour Inspectors
would not havo allowed private owners
to send them to sea. This Is a matter
which, as I have said, seems small, but
is In reality very great. Its Importance
has only to be looked Into to be appreci
Before I close may I say a few words
upon two topics, much discussed out of
doors, upon which It Is highly Important
that our Judgments should be clear,
definite and steadfast?
One of these Is economy In Govern
ment expenditures. The duty of econ
omy Is not debatable. It Is manifest and
Imperative. In tho
Defines , pass we are spending
Duties of lne money of the
great people whose
Economy servants wo aro-not
our own. We are
trustees and respon
sible stewards In the spendlhg. The only
thing debatable and upon which we
should be careful to mnko our thought
ana purpose clear Is the kind of econ
omy demanded of us. I assert with the
greatest confidence that the people of the
United States are not Jealous of the
amount their Government costs If they
arc sure that they get what they need
and desire for the outlay, that tho money
Is being spent for objects of which they
approve and that It Is being applied with
good business sense and management.
Governments grow, piecemeal, both In
their tasks and In the means by which
those tasks are to bo performed, and very
few governments are organized, I venture
to say, as wise and experienced business
men would organize them If they had a
clean sheet of paper to wrlto upon. Cer
tainly the Government of the United
States is not. I think that it Is generally
agreed that there should be a systematic
reorganization and reassembling of Its
parts so as to secure greater efficiency
and effect considerable savings In ex
pense. But the amount of money saved
In that way would, I believe, though no
doubt considerable n Itself, running. It
may be. Into the millions, be relatively
small small, I mean. In proportion to tha
total necessary outlays of the Govern
ment. ' It would bo thoroughly worth ef
fecting, as every saving would, great or
small. Our duly Is not altered by the
scalo of the saving. But my point Is that
the people of the United States do not
wish to curtail the aqtlvltles of this Gov
ernment; they wish rather to enlarge
themi and with every enforcement, with
tho mere growth. Indeed, of the country
itself there must come, of course, the In
evitable Inctoase of expense. The sort
of economy wo ought to practice may
be effected, and ought to-be effected, by
a careful study and assessment of the
tasks to be performed: nnd the monev
;spe;nt ought, to b made to yield the best
fwaciuic iciuiiib in oiuciency ana aciueve
ment. And, like good stewards, we
should so account for every dollar of
our appropriations as to make It perfect
ly evldont what It was spent for and In
what way It was spent.
Tt Is not expcndlturo but extravagance
that we should fear being criticised for;
not paying for the legitimate enterprises
and undertakings of a, great Government
whose people command what ' It should
do, but adding what will benefit only a
few or pouring money out for what need
not have been undertaken at all or might
have been postponed or better end more
economically conceived nnd carried out,
The nation la not niggardly; It Is very
generous, It will chide us only If we
forget for whom we pay money out and
whose money it is we pay, These are
large and general standards, but they
are not very difficult of application to
The other topic I shall take leave to
mention goes deeper Into the principles
of our national life and policy. It Is the
subject of national defense.
It can not be discussed without first
answering some very searching Question.
U Is said In some quarters that we are
not prepared for
. . , war. What Is meant
National by being prepared?
Military ' meant that wo
-n.f.... ar not ready upon
Defenses brlef notca t0 put a
' nation in the Held, a
, . , . nation of men
trained to arms? Of course we are not
ready to do that; and we shall never be
In tlmo pf peace so long as wo retain our
mcciii. poimcai principles and Institu
tions. And what is It that It Is suggested
we should be prepared to do? To defend
oursly against attackT We have al
ways found means to do that, and shall
And them whenever It Is necessary with
out calling our people away from their
necessary tasks to render compulsory
military service in times of peace.
Allow mo to spea' with great plain
ness and directness upon this great mat.
Ur and to avow my convictions with deep
earnestness. ,1 have tried to know what
America is, wnat ner people think, what
thty are, what they most cherish and
hold dear. I hope that some of their
finer passions are In my own. heart soma
of the great conceptions and desires
Use of Arms
which gave birth (o this Government and
which havo made tho voice of this peo
pie a voice of peace and hope and liberty
among the peoples of the world, and that,
speaking my own thoughts, I shall, at
least lit part, speak theirs alsb, however
faintly and Inadequately, upon this vital
Wo are at peace with all tho world. No
one who speaks counsel based on fact
or drawn from a Just and candid Inter
pretation of realities
can say that there Is
reason to fear that
from any quarter
our Independence or
tho Integrity of our
territory Is threat
ened. Dread of the
power pf any nation we are Incapable of.
We nre not Jealous of rlvalrv In the field
of commerco or of any other penceful
achievement. Wa mean to llvo our own
lives as we will! but we mean also to let
live. We are, Indeed, a true friend to all
the nations of the world, because we
threaten none, covet the possessions of
none, desire tho overthrow of none. Our
friendship can be accepted and Is ac
cepted without reservation, becauso it Is
offered In a spirit and for a purpose which
no one need ever question or suspect.
Therein lies our greatness. We are the
champions of peace and of concord. And
we should be very Jealous of this distinc
tion which wo have Bought to earn. Just
now we should be particularly Jealous of
It, becauso It is our dearest present hope
that this character arJ reputation may
presently. In God's providence, bring us
an opportunity such as has seldom been
vouchsafed any nation, tho opportunity
to counsel nnd obtain peace In the world
and reconciliation and a healing settle
ment of many a matter that has cooled
and Interrupted the f-lendshlp of nations.
This Is the time above all others when
we should wish and resolve to keep our
strength by self-possession, our Influence
bv nrcservlng our ancient principles of
From the first we have had a clear and
settled policy with regara to military es
tablltihmems. We never havo had, and
while we retain our present principles
and Ideals we never shall have, n large
standing army. If asked, Aro you ready to
defend yourselves? wo reply, Most as
suredly, to the utmost; and yet wo shall
not turn America Into a military camp.
We will not ask our young men to spend
the best years of their lives making sol
dieis of themselves. There Is another
sort of energy In us. It will know how
to declare Itself and make Itself effective
should occasion arise. And especially
when half the world Is on Are wq shall
be careful to mnko our moral Insurance
ngalnst the spread of the conflagration
very definite and certain and adequate In
deed. Let us remind ourselves, therefore, it
tho only thing we can do or will do. Wc
must depend In every time of national
peril, in the future
aa In the past, not
upon a standing
army, nor yet upon
a reserve army, but
upon a citizenry
trained and accus
tomed to arms. It
will bo right enough, right American pol
icy, based upon our accustomed princi
ples and practices', to provide a system
b which every citizen who will volun
teer for tho training may be made famil
iar with the uso of modern arms, the rudi
ments of drill nnd maneuver, and the
maintenance and sanitation of camps.
We should encourage such training and
mako It a means of discipline which our
young men will learn to value. Jt Is right
that we should provide It not only, but
that we should make It as attractive as
possible, and so Induce our young men to
undergo It at such times as they can com
mand a little freedom and can seek' the
physical development thoy need, for mere
health's sake, If for nothing more. Every
means by which such things can be stim
ulated is legitimate, and such a method
smacks of true American Ideas. It Is
right, too, that the National Guard of the
States should 'be developed and strength
ened bj every means which Is not Incon
sistent with our obligations- to our own
people or with the established policy of
our Government. And this, nlso, not be
cause the time or occasion specially calls
for such measures, but because It should
be our constant policy to make these pro
visions for our national peace and safety.
More than this carries with It a .re
versal of the whole history and charac
ter of our polity, More than this, pro
posed at this time, permit me to say,
would mean merely that we had lost our
self-possession, that we had been thrown
off our balance by a war with which we
have nothing to do, whose causes cannot
touch us, whoso very existence affords us
opportunities of friendship and disinter
ested service which should make us
ashamed of any thought of hostility or
fearful preparation for trouble. This Is
assuredly the opportunity for which a
people and a government like ours were
rntsed up, the opportunity not only to
speak but actually to embody and exem
plify the counsels of peace and amity
and the lasting concord which Is based
on Justice and fair and generous dealing.
A powerful navy we have always re
garded as our proper and natural means
of defense; and It has always been of de
fense that we have
thought, never of
Kavy as aggression or of
Natural conquest. But who
natural snall tell ug now
Defense what sort of a navy
to build? We shall
take leave to be
strpng upon the seas, in the future as In
the past: and there will be no thought of
offense or provocation In that. Our ships
are our natural bulwarks. When will the
experts tell us just what kind we should
construct and when will they bo right
for 19 years together, If the relative effi
ciency of craft of different kinds and uses
continues to change as we have seen It
change under our very eyes In these last
But I turn away from the subject. It
Is not new. There Is no, now need to dl
auss It. We shall no alter our attitude
toward It because some among ui are
nervous and excited. Wa shall easily and
sensibly agree upon a policy of defense.
The question has not changed Its aspects
because the times are not normal. Our
OollCV Will not ba tnr an ru.J-n.tnn T wilt
'be conceived as a permanent and settled
iiun, wiiitu we win pursue at ait sea.
sons, without haste and after a fashion
perfectly consistent with the peace of tha
world, the abiding friendship of States
and the unhampered freedom of all with
whom we deal. Let thele be no miscon
ception. The country has been misin
formed. We have not been negligent of
national defense. We aro not unmindful
of the great responsibility resting upon
us. We shall learn and profit by the les
son of every experience and every new
circumstance; and what Is needed will be
I clc-ie, as I begin, by reminding you of
the great tasks and duties of peace which
challenge our best powers and Invite us
to build what will
last, the tasks to
which we can ad
dress ourselves now
and at all times with
free-hearted zest and
with the finest gifts
of constructive wis
dom we possess. To develop our life and
our resources; to supply our own people,
and the people of the world as their need
arises, from the abundant plenty of our
fields and our marts of trade; to enrich
the commerce 6t our own States and of
the world with the products of our mines.
our farms and our factories, with the
creations of our own thought and the
fruits of our character this Is what will
hold our attention and our enthusiasm
steadily, now and In the years to conic,
as we strive to show In our life as a na
tion what liberty and the Inspirations of
an emancipated spirit may do for men
land for societies, for individuals, for
States and for mankind.
funeral of William B. Irvine
The funeral of Wllllsm B. Irvine, presi
dent of the Knickerbocker Lime Com
pany and former City Treasurer, who
died Sunday at tho Mcdlco-Chlrurglcal
Hospital, will take place Thursday after
noon, at 2:30 o'clock, from his late home.
69th street below City Line. He will be
buried In West Laurel Hill Cemetery.
MRS. REGINA MARCUS
Mrs. Reglna Marcus, sister of the iato
Meyer Guggenheim, who was a member
of tho American Smelting and Refining
Company, died today at her nimrtmentx.
2223 North 21t street, from a complication
of diseases. She was In her SSth year.
Mrs. Marcus was affiliated with many
charitable organizations, and was well
known In Jewish circles, flhn 1. mirvlvrd
by her ncphows, Simon Guggenheim, who
was United States Senator from Colorado;
Isaao Guggenheim, treasurer and dlroctor
or me Amerlcnn, Smelting and Refining
Company, and Daniel Guggenheim, presi
dent of the smelting firm. She Is also
survived by Mrs. Jenny Do Leon and Mrs.
Lottie Dels, both of this city, who are her
nieces. Tho funeral will be held tomorrow
afternoon, at 2 o'clock, from her apartments.
Bo!mr nequlem Mats St St "lrnc XatUfa
DKINE. On Deeamber B, 1114
winow or jumei jjtvma,
rhurch. t 10 a m. Interment Nr Ca&m.
at 8.30 a. m.
front Mrs., Btelft
FOT 3TM B. Clsarfleld
FOR AIDING POOR
BEGINS ITS TASK
Branch of Emergency Com
mittee Divides City Into
Districts to Facilitate
Y.i. D-i: 1
The Home Relief Board of the Emer
gency Aid Committee will be a perma
nanet organization for the Investigation
and relief of conditions among the un
employed and the poor of Philadelphia.
The organization of tho city Into 13
districts for tho purpose of establishing
branch committees has been completed,
so that urgent cases may be met with
more expediency than under the former
Next week the Home Relief Board will
deal with tho city's destitute through
Its branches. Every day the need of
home relief becomes more urgent, as
distressed men and women swarm Into
the new headquarters of the board in th
WORK IN NORTHEAST.
In he northeast the little buttons worn
as Inslgnlas by workers for the Horn s
Relief Hoard have become well known
to tne distressed hundreds there. Mrs.
E. W. K. Bradford Is In charge In that
section, because of her knowledge of
tho people In the district and their needs.
Mrs. E. T. Stotesbury. chairman of
the Home Relief Board, said she has
long felt the need of such a plan as Is
now being completed.
"I had no Idea when X took up the work
Its scope would become so great," she
added. "It will be a big machine that
will rival the workings of a corporation.
We have had frequent meetings and de
voted long hours to the work, and now
we will meet the proposition fairly and
squarely. With the help of charitable
Phllsdelphlans we will undoubtedly succeed."
GEORGE II. ROGERS
George H. Rogers, 68 years old, for
many years connected with Harrison
Brothers & Co., paint and white lead
manufacturers, died yesterday at his
home, J110 South Frazler street, follow
ing an lllnesu of two years' duration.
He was a member of the Klngsesslng
Lodge, No. 209, O. R. M.; the Washing
ton Camp, No. 481. P. O. S. of A. Mr.
Rogers Is survived by his widow and
three children. The funeral will be held
from his late residence, Thursday afternoon.
Wis ChMtnut it rtlih it.. in
st l(ly of noMflr Ctinreh Inumunt J1.
Tts at Holy froes Cemetery.
DMVAI.n On Dtcembtr 8, 1914, LOUISE
5;- Tr!S?.a.E 8-.D,'TfM' rwrii1? ?
?n...v,n,"?,r '.l JP. m., at 8438 K.
10th it. Interment private,
nOMICLSANTA DOMICI. 4018 Hawthorns
M., widow of Captain James Dorle. runeral
services on FYtday. at a p. m., at 25i4 k
Cemetery. In,nn"lt P'lvate at Nprtlmood
Flv?i,i!?t0S. December . i14, MBL
VI5N1A S , widow of.Ua.vM H. Flemln. ru
"fti..!"". Pn Wednesday, at a p. m.,
at 6551 Pulaakl ara., Oermantown. laur
FROKItLIClLor i December fl. Jolt, BA-
saiiav'fjcriiin'sa $ .',.:
RBff.T'SiiPB ESS! " OM' not,e' ot
rnimMAN. At Sklppack Town.hlp, Pa..on!
December 8, J914, JDllN FUHRifir. Wl'
,,,JV il?m ''Jj'S 'Jdencs, BWppsdc town,
alilp, Pa., on Wednesday, l ta noon. Sar-UciJnJlhiI-?w1'
o5VJ fnnf,m,rJ"nt in djlnln cametarr,
OAI.I.AOHKn, On Dscambar B. 101.
FWJHENCB P.. dauihter of JolJr C. atft
Annla E. Lewis. Funsral services on Wadrtsa
a.nrS "' 2 " .m- WJ'aly. t 123 Miyneld
S't S?.;.,'Id,.r0c,eJm,Jedrr.naUn,'T, InUrm""
-wiTP,JD!cJ.rabr A. liu- noBAUB,
wife of Albert (Jaw and daushter of the lata
? p,VaJld pr-ma. Little. Funeral str
lil!M?..Wdr,lJ.,d.,' ,. " " Preolatly at
oiTi!-J,..rth-1Bth Bt- Interment prime.
'"if.f1.?130 ."!. rtP.m 2li North loth
, Jh,Masa at St Edward'a Church at
) a. m. Interment at Holy Sepulehro Csmt-
WILLIAM H. MURPHY
William II. Murphyr who formerly re
sided In this city, died yesterday after
a protracted Illness In Spokane, Wash.,
where for the last nine years he was
engaged In business. Mr. Murphy was
employed In the City Controller's ofllce
under Robert E. Pattlson, and prior to
taking up his residence In the West was
a mercantile appraiser. At the time of
his death Mr. Murphy was president of
tho Democratic Club of Spokane. He
is survivcu Dy a widow.
MRS. SARAH MILLER
CALDWELL, N. J., Dec. 8.-Mrs. Sarah
Miller, who was nearly 93 years old, died
Sunday at her home here. She was ono
of 14 children, five of who'm are still liv
ing, tho youngest being 71 years old and
the oldest 99. Mrs. Miller loft seven chil
dren, 35 grandchildren, 67 great-grandchildren
and II great-grcat-grandchlldrcn.
Mrs. Miller had been a widow since the
Civil War, In which struggle her husband
MRS ALICE TORKINGTON
Mrs. Alice Torklngton, widow of Will
iam S. Torklngton, for many years super
intendent of the Allison Car'Manufac
turlng Company, of this city, died Sunday
at her home, S22 North 63d street. For
many years she was a member of St.
Mary's Episcopal Church, 39th and Locust
streets. She Is survived by her two chil
dren. The funeral services will be held
from her lato residence, tomorrow after
noon, at 2 o'clock.
John Lutz, 79 years old, a well-known
lawyer, and of late years editor of tho
Bedford Inquirer, died Sunday at his homo
In Bedford, Pa. For many years he was
postmaster of that town. Mr. Lutz was
trustee of tho Pennsylvania State College,
from where ho graduated, and was one of
the founders of the Pennsylvania State
PRICE OF TURKEYS
TO FALL, DEALERS
AT FOOD SHOW SAY
Gobblers and Other Fowl
Exhibited at Terminal
Market Game Laws
Declared Too Rigid.
MAHARAJAM OF SIKXIM
CALCUTTA, Dec, 8. The Maharajah of
Sikklm died last Saturday.
Thousands of turkeys, chickens, squabs,
guinea fowl and duck, both tame and
wild, are being exhibited In the Reading
Terminal Market today, the sixth day of
the annual food exhibition.
There are groat SO-pound gobblers,
some with the feathers still on, others
With the feathers stripped off, so that
artistic designs are left on tho birds
when, white streaks of flesh show, while
there are a great many "dressed" In the
usual manner. Ono real live turkey,
which "gobbles" almost continually, Is
exhibited and ths unusual sound attracts
many to the spot.
Turkeys aro not so scarce as at Thanks
giving time and the dealers are unani
mous in predicting large supply of
"fancy" birds for Christmas week. H. C,
Oerhart, president of tho Terminal Mar
ks Business Men's Association, and W.
A, Bender, both poultry dealers, said to
day that the coming of cold weather was
the best harbinger of a good poultry mar
ket and that there was little reason to
expect that the prices would continue to
hold as firm as heretofore.
Ths only wild poultry which appears
in the market Is duck, aa the game laws
of Pennsylvania forbid tho selling of all
other gams birds. A notable display in
this class Is that of D. L. Hanley, canvas
backs, rad heads, black heads, butter
balls, ruddy ducks and mallards bringing
prices ranging from 11 a pair for tha but
ter balls to M a pair for canvas backs.
AT.DINGEIt. Dscsmbsr 0, 1014, CHARLES
F. AbDINOBR. Funsral. on Wednesday, at
3 p. m., from 4MB Ogla at., Manayunk. Serv
Icea In the Mt. Vernon Baptist Church, at 3
p. m Interment at Leverlnston Cemetery,
ATMOHE. On Dscembsr 0. 1014, RALPH
C son of Hallle and the late Charles IV.
Atmore. Funeral services, on Wednesday, at
11 a m.. at his late residence, 5.113 Haver
ford ae. Interment Wsstmlnstsr Cemetery.
BAIZI.KY. On Decsmber B. 1914, ELIZA
1IKT11 A., widow or John ruitley. Funsral
services on Wednesday, at 2 p. m., precise
ly, at 103H S, Hroad si. Interment private.
nECRGR. Suddenly, on December 6.' 1014,
I'KKSTO.V K., husband of Ella Uscksr, son
o Susan and ths lata William Decksr. Fu
nsral. Thursday, at S p. m at 4433 Mitchell
at , Roxtorousn. Interment at Leverlngton
HKRREII. On Dscembsr S, 10 H. MAROA
RETT, widow of John R. Berrsr. Funeral
sertlcer, en Wednesday, at S p. m.. at hsr
late residence. J.H7 Jerome at. Interment at
ROSEE. On Decsmber 7, 1914. SARAH A.
WEST, widow of Alfred Boses, In her ftSth
year Relative and friends are Invited to
attend tha services, on Wednesday, at 2J50
p, m., at hsr late realdence, 19 E, Claplsr
at.. Germantown. Interment private at Ivy
Kill Cemetery. Prlenda may call Tuesday
evening. 8 to 10 o'clock. Cecil County, Md.,
papers plsass copy.
CALLAHAN'. StART CALLAHAN, 1310 N.
CAIXANAN. Suddsnly, on Decmeber 6,
1014. SARAH, widow of Jamss Caltsnan.
Funeral, on Thursday, at 8-30 a. m., from
Callanan ava.. Rosemont, Pk. solemn Re
qulsm Mass at 8t. Thomas" Churoli, Villa
noa, at 10 a. m. Interment at St. Denis"
C.W.I.KN. On December .1. 1914. JAMES
A., son ot tha lata James and Sarah Callen.
Kunsral. on Wednesday, at 8 a. in., from TOO
Gray's rery road. High Mass nf Requiem
at St, Anthony's Church, at 0.30 a. m. In
terment at Cathedral Cemetery.
CAMPIIELL. Suddenly, on December fi.
1914. DAVID CAMPnBLI. Funsral services,
on Thursday. Decsmber 10. at 'J .31) P. m . at
4183 Orlscom at, (formerly Franklin at ).
Frankford. Interment private.
CHUTE. On December 6. 1014. JANE,
widow of James Chute, Funeral, on Wed
nesday, at 6 a. m . from 4S2 Baltimore avs.,
Chiton Heights. Delaware County. Pa. Sol.
emn Requiem Mass at St. Francis ds Sales'
Church, 47th and Sprlngftsld ava,, at 10 a. m.
Internum Old Cathedral fametsry
CON1.IN. On Dscembsr 8. IBM. KATHA
JUNE M., wlls ot Frank J. Conltn" and
daughtar of Annla and tha lata Frank
O'Rourks, Due nolle of the funeral will b
COHDNEK. At Chicago. III., on December
4, 1311. EDWARD Q. CORONER. Further
notice ot tb funsral will be given.
COBCHUN,-On Dscsmbar 6, 1914. W1L
IJAM H. COUGHUN. Funeral ssrvlcss
Wednesday, at S JQ p. ru.. at 7021 Ciearvlsw
at., Mt. Airy, Interment New Cathedral
COX. BTHEL COX. 41M Warren st.
DKKNEV. On Dscsmbar f. 1914, MARGA
RET, widow ot John Dssnsir. Funeral Thurs
day at 8.30 a. in., from JW North 37th it.
widow of Edward Urlffln. Funeral on W.n:
?.' .ft-?1.?130 "! '!?!" 2I North loth
HAMILTON. -Or, r,-mx,. A lots win.
OAHET HAMILTON, widow o'f John Itanul
T.t?,1v..Pue notleo of funeral.
'JtfsnS" December 0. IBM, WILLIAM
B-,'ItyiNE, son of the late Daniel a. and
Catherine Buchanan Irvine, Friends, presl-"""-iPd
board of directors, Real Estate Tills
and Trust Company, members Builders' Ex
change. Philadelphia. Retail Lime Doalars
AMlL"on "d all o'ber associations of
which he was a msmber, are Invited to at
tend the funeral services, at his lato rest
dence GOtli at. south ot City Una, Over
brook, on Thursday, tha 10th IniU at 249
p. m. Interment private.
JA.MK3 On December B, J0I4. JOHN W.
JAMES, husband of the lata Rachel E.
James. Funeral services on Thuraday, at S
p. rn... at 2304 8. 0th at. Interment at Trin
ity Lutheran Cemetery.
KSBi&Se,0,? Dcfm,br H. CHARLES
E. KJSELY. RelatUea and friends ara In
vited to attend funeral ssrvlrce m tv.Ma.
day. at It a. m., precisely, at 6138 Rids
avenue, Roxborough. Interment strictly no
vate. Kindly omit ndwera.
UELI.Y. On December 0, 1914, JOHN
KELLT. Due notice of funeral will be given
from the chapel of Andrew J, Batr A Son.
10th and Arch ata. '
KEPHAIIT. On December , 1014, FRANK.
husband of Elizabeth Kephart (nee NaglsT
Funeral on Wednesday, at 1:80 p. m., from
his late residence, luu Ferry road. Fella of
Schuylkill. Interment at Ivy Hill Cemetery.
K1NCKNEIL On December 0. 19H. RO
MANU8 F husband of Susan Jtlncknor.
Services on Thursday, at 2 p. m., at his late
residence, 2314 North Marshall st. Inter
ment Northnood Cemetery.
LEAKY. On December 4, I9M, ANNA,
widow of Thomas Leary. Funeral on Wed
nesday, at 8:30, a. rn.. from -141 Taaker
at. Solemn Requiem Mass at St. Esmond's
Church at 10 a. m. Interment at Old
MAYER. On December 0, 1014, CHARLB?
MAYER, husband of the lata Julia Mayer,
nee Sopp. Funeral services on Wednesday,
at - p. m., at his lata ealdence, 2-80 North
Grata at. Interment at German Lutheran
SteCANN. On December 6, 1014. EDWARD
A , husband of Mary Jane McCann and son
ot tha late Richard and Catharine L. Mc
Cann, aged es yeara. Relatives and frlanda,
also Washington Camp, No, 387, P. O. U,
ot A., are Invited to attend the funeral
services, on Thursday afternoon, at 2 o'clock,
at hU lata residence. 124 North Luray at.,
nermsntown. Interment private, at Ivy Hill
Cemetery, Remains may be viewed Wednes
MeGINTY. On December 5. 1914. NEII-
iiusDana or Eus&n Mcainty (nee Frlel). Fu
neral on Wednesday, at 8:30 a. m.. from his
late realdence. 2400 Amber at. (Amber and
ork sts.) Solemn Requiem High as at
Visitation Church, at 10 a. m. Interment
at Holy Sepulchre Cemetery.
McOOVERN. On Decsmber B. 1914. MAMB.
wife of Thomas F. Mcdovern and daughter
of James and Anna Dever. Funeral on Wed
nesday, at S:SO a. m.. from 200S Cedar at.
Solemn Requiem Mass at St. Ann's Church,
at 10 a. m. Interment at St. Ann'a Cemetery
Mr80RLnY On December 6. 1014. HARRT
J. McSORLZY, husband of Susanna C Mc
Sorley. Funeral on Wednesday, at B'M a. m..
from DIS North 13th st. Requiem Mass at
St. Malachy's Church, at 10 a. m. Inter
ment at New Cathedral Cemetery.
METZOER, On December 0. 10M, JACOB
T. METZOER. aged 82 years. Relatives and
friends are Invited to attend tho runerc,!
services, on Thursday afternoon, at 2 o'clock,
at the residence of his son. William II. Metis
ner, 20 Douglass st. Interment private.
Please omit flowers. Remains may bo viewed
NEFF. On December 6. 1014. MARTHA,
widow of Louis Nerf (nee Radenbach). Fu
neral on Wednesday, at 2 p. m., from 34S
Elklns sve.. Olnev. lnt,pm,nl nplvat
OC1IB. -On Dscembsr 6, 1014. JJ. HELEN,
wirs or Anton Ochs (neo Herr). Funeral on
Thursday, at 2 p. ro.. from her late rest-
aence. :u rsicnoiaa st. interment Jit. vsr
OROAN On December 6, 1914, MART E..
wife of Daniel H. Organ. Funeral off Wed
nesday, at 8-.30 a, m.. from 3418 South S2d
at.. West Philadelphia. Solemn High Requiem
Mass at Bt. Raphael's Church, at 10 a, ro.
Intsrment Holy Cross Cemetery.
PARKSOn December 6. 1014, HARRT
W,, husband ot Ethel J. Parks, son of Joseph
and late Margarst Parka, grandaon of David
and EUxa Parka. Funeral asrvlcea Wednea
day, at 2 P. m.. at 212a South COth st. In
terment Mount Morlah Cemetery.
RAIT On December 6. 1014, THEODORB
JAMES, beloved eon of John a and Wini
fred Rapp (nee McOowan), axed 2 yeara
.1 months 18 days. Rslatlrea and friends ara
Invited to attend the funeral, on Wednesday
afternoon, at 2 o'clock, from the parents'
realdence, 037 N, S0(li at, Intsrment at Holy
ItEHE. At Blua Anchor, N. J., on Decem
ber B. 1911, FREDERICK REBE, Jr. Funeral
services will be hsld at his lata home, Blua
Anchor, on Wednesday, at 2 p. m. Internment
Blue Anchor Cemetery.
SCIIItOKnillt. On December B. 1914, MAO
DAL1NE, daughter o( the lata Valentine and
Magdallne Schrosder Funeral on Wednea
day, at 7:30 a. m., (rom 423 Kaat Livingston
st. (East Columbia ata., between Bslgrada
and Thompson sts.) Requiem Mass at St.
Boniface's Church at a a. rn. Interment
prnate. St. Peter's cemetery
WLVKItWOOn. On Dscembsr a, 1014.
JOSEPH SILVBRWOOD. In bU 83d year?
Funeral services strictly privets, at his lata
residence, 420 Green lane, Roxborough, at the
convenience of tha family,
SPAI1KS. On December o. 1914. OLIN. bos
band of Mabel Sparks. Funsral services en
Wedncsdsy, at 1 p. ro , at tha resldenea of
his father-in-law. Frank Mott 18 Haddftn
ave,. Colllneaaood, N. J. Interment rrlvao,.
STANSnUll. On Decsmber T, IBM, MART
mr-Kis, aaugnisror Wilson V and Anna E
Stanshury. Relatives and friends are Invited
to attend tha funeral services, on Thursday.
SL'.P 51-' h.'r nta' residence. 3144
Franktord ave. Interment private.
SDTTOI On December D. 10M. HARHT
A SUTTON, aged 12 yeara Ralatlvea anj
friends aro Invited to attend the. funeral
amices, on Wednesday afternoon, at .
o'clock, at his late residence, jjoi brandy
wine at. Interment private.
T0,vtt!GT0.l'' " December B. JSI4.
ALICE, widow of William, 8. TorklngfoB,
Invited to attend the funeral services, on
Wednesday attsrnoon, 9th Inst, at 3 o'clock.
at hsr lata residence, 823 N. md st. mtar
roent private at Westminster Cemetery
TOUSSAINT At Waterford. N. J., en De
cember 8. 1JM. CATHARINE, wife if Isadora
tvurasiuk 4-UUI141, uq 1 saUIICtUeaVJ, JJSC
bir 0, at 10
nrui. TTarajr Trt
term-nt (tUr lirook Cemetery tJwf Jcry
ITL. from that rtlMsltca .-li iatal
son, arry Touts Int. Waterford. N J. Is,
THATR HANNAH TRATE. SJt Lwfae4
WALTERS. On December 8, J914, ELLA J
(nee Evens), widow of John waiters. Fu
neral aenloea, on Wednesday at 3 p. at
240 S 64th at. Interment Ttrewood Ceme
tery ZKMHRODT, On Dscembsr 9. MM. CARO
UNA C. widow of Peter P. Zernbrodt. Fu.
neral aervtow, on Thursday, at 10 s. ro TM
her lata reildmwe. 9983 Moor at. Iotermsnt
Or sen Mount. '
SNOODLES' DIARY : IN WHICH HE PUTS A RUBBERNECK RIDE ON THE BLINK
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egaag3TCl "ZT--. L'W TOAO051" I cJS; IT MEANS SIX
PIP $ " 1 KWNU' S tnl, Klf llilla fMEM. , VENT P0lf P
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