T' eM -iwrr3rjr"
9hBbhp38: MP R' MP-i
'4 EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA FRIDAY, DEOEMiSiSK ml, i "
Russian and austoanIiosts in jyEMTWSERj(ML3i
' ; ALLIES' TRENCH
Repulsed in Three Other At
tacks in Yprcs Region, In
vaders Succeed in Piercing
PAttlS Uco. It.
Strengthened l) the reinforcements
that have been sent to aid tlrtrri'ln their
attempt to plereo the Allies' line In the
"reglori, of 'pft, the Uermans have token
fierce ofTciislvo there
At) ofnefl'statcnle'rit, Ireucd here thin
afternoon oya they made several
attnakfl yesterday. Three ot theso nt
tneltn were reputaed, hut In another the
Germans captured nun of the Allies'
Trie Kreljeh, nre making progress In
the region of Arras and Juvlncourt, and
In the Argonno they have beaten back
two German attack nnd tnken several
ireilrhes. Further Rnlnq In tho forest of
Lit Prctro arc aluo claimed.
The French advance Jn tipper AWnca Is
continuing, nnd tho railway station at
Aspach. south of Thnnti. has been cap
tured. Elsovhe.ro atonif tho tines the battle Is
largely' an artillery affair, tho German
Btins shoultu? Increased activity.'
oekMan itKThlJAT itujtonnD.
The report that the Gormans have, evac
uated rtoulera Is unconrirmcU, but credit
Is given to tiio rumor, which comes from
Amsterdam. Thourcyt and Tlclt may
also be abandoned, movoments of tho
Germans appear to Indicate. The per
sistent advance of the British along: tho
railroad from Ypres to Holders has forced
this action upon the enemy.
French military men believe that tho
Germans have "bosun to develop vigorous
demonstrations at several points to cover
the retirement of troops, from these dis
tricts. ' ,
Those troops aro being sent Into tho
eastern theatre of war. It Is of grent
advantage to tho Germans to keep up
brisk activity, especially- nt points from
which they havo v. Undrawn formations.
Tho French' have established an Im
portant base' for aerial activities at Bel
fort. Both Fr6nch nnd British airmen
aVe been sent there to mako raids over
southwestern Germany and to attack
German strongholdi on tho southern
Rhine lino of defenses.
BIG GUNS KEEP UP CANNONADl!
Never before in tho world's history has
there .been gathered together such nu
enormous amount of heavy artillery upon
any battlefield as has been massed along
the SOO-mllc front from tlio Vosgcs to tho
North Sea, ivhero the gigantic nrmlcs of
tho Kaiser and the Allies aro locked in
an Iron embrace.
All- tho. biff Buna In Franco have been
planted along the battle lino with the ex
ception of those defending Paris and the
Immovable artillery In permanent fort
resses. All the 1)1? etnn in the British
Isles, with the exception oj thobo neces
sary to defend the coast, have been
i reinforce tho French artillery.
.r Morv than 10,000 biff1 guns, exclusive of
tho light artillery and the nytng-wtund
rons of field Buna attached to the cayp.brj
arm of tho service, thunder death and
destruction at each other by day and by
night. When tho artillery dueling Is vio
lent, the artillery ammunition bill In
"West Flanders and Franco mounts to
Jl.000,000 a day.
FOES FIGHT HAND TO HAND
FOR POSSESSION OF L0WICZ
Germans Only 15 Miles From War
saw, "Unofficial -Report.
BEBIilN, Dec. 11. Fierce hand-to-hand
fighting has been ji progress In tho.
streots of T.owlcz, Poland, for U hours,
and the Germans are In complote control
of the outskirts of this Important railroad
centre, says a dispatch received from
Unofficial reports' give the Germans
greater advantage In tho drive on War-.
w. Thesa state jttiat tho Kaiser's army
U -within 15 mtlea of the objective.
This news, tdgofher -with the German
successes north of-.th'o "Vistula, led Berlin
military experts today to predict that
Waraaw -would soon be attacked from two
aldea, the .-west and northeast. They say
that Jn this eventuality the Russians.
probably ,irlil evacuate Warsaw.
The fall of "Warsaw would open tho way
for the Investment and capture of Novo
Georglevsk, v,hlch -would leave the Ger
mans master of -western and northwest
ern Poland and remove all possibility of
the Russians striking any blow at Thorn,
The lull In the fighting: east of the Mazu
rian Lakes Indicates that the Russians
there have been weakened In order to re
inforce the forces In western Poland.
PETR0GRAD DISCOUNTS RUSH
ON WARSAW FROM' NORTH
Buggeste, However, That Evacuation
of Capital Would Not He Reverse.
, ' PBTROaUAD. Deo. 11.
' Tli operations of General Francois to
the north o Warsaw are oauslns little
alarm here, as scant progress has been
made by the Germans in this, region.
However, this thrust of the Germans
from the Bast Prussian frontier through
SUawa. Is a threatening development o(
the eastern campaign. It Is obvious that
the Germans are endeavoring to tawoop
duwn upon Warsaw from the northeast,
making a detour to avoid the fortress
ol Novo Georgkvsk, on the "Vistula,
toojlhwest at the Polish capital.
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THREE BRITISH SHIPS
Continued from l'nse One
ofTleers, and one cruller Interned, should
the report heie bo true, are tho results
of tho greatest havaljjattle of the war.
. LONDON, Dec, I)!
All Britain Is rejolclhg today .pver jtjjie
great nnvaf lctory In jtho South AtfUn'tloJ
Reports hefo pay tho Dresden, solo sur
vivor ot the bntllo off Falkland Islands,
has been trapped In the Strait of Magellan.
A dispatch from Buenos Aires says:
"The German cruiser Dresden, the only
warship of Rear Admiral von fipce'a
squadron to escape after the battle with
tho British under command of Vice Ad
miral fiturdoe, has been cornered In the
Straits of Magellan, according to advices
obtained through well-In formed iclrclrs to
day. The naval 'division commanded by
Admiral Hturdeo Is understood to Include
nine warships, notable amonjr which arc
the British battle cruisers l,t0n and Ind
The Numbers had a complement of 205
olllcers and men, and It Is regarded as
significant that the Admiralty announce
ment makes no referenco to tho rescue of
nhy one on board of her. Tito German,
loss In men has probably beeh swelled'
to nearly MOO.
Tho announcement' of the sinking ot
the Nurnborg, following Its, pursuit, was
Issued through the Ofllclal Press Bureau.
A further telegram has been re
ceived from Vlco Admiral ' Sir Fred
crick Sturdce reporting that the
Nurnbcrg was nlso sunk on Decem
ber S, and thnt tho search for the
Dresden li still proceeding. Tho ac
tion taBted for five hours, with In
Tho Sclmrnhorst sank after three
hours, anil the Gnclscnau two hours
later. The enemy's light cruisers
scattered nnd were chased by bur
cruisers and light crulscrsi No loss
of any British vessel Is reported."
The statement thnt tho Dresden Med
toward tho Strnlts of Magellan, tho
eastern eritrance of which is nbout 125
miles west of the Falkland Islands, Is
borne out by a dlsnatch from -Montevideo,
Uruguay, which says:
Naval observers, (.ommentjng on the ac
tion, mnke note that in nil naval engage
ments In the present war there has been
great disparity between tho losses of the
victors; -and tho vanquished. In the (aso
of the British cruisers Good IIopo and
Monmouth, sent to the bottom by a Ger
man squadron off the const of Chill No
vember 1, tho Gormnns were practically
unscathed, and tho snmc Is truo or tho
British, In their victorious engagement in
the South Atlantic.
In gther words, say tho experts, de
feat at sea means virtually annihilation
and tho loss of crews, with the exception
of bucIi men ns the- victors may be able
to save. This Is attributed to a great ex
tent to the fact that naval "engagements
navo been between ships of unequal arm
ament. The German guns outranged tho
British oft tho coast of Chill, add tho
roles wcro reversed off tho Falkland
Islands. Nevertheless, It Is argued that
even with ships of similar armament the
disproportion of losses between tho victor
nnd tho vanquished would bo greater by
far than anything posslblo In land war
fare. The British battle cruisers Lion and In
defatigable, reported to bo part of Vice
Admiral Frederick Sturdoe's squadron,
displace 20,350 tons and 18.7M tons, respec
tively. Tho T.lon was completed In 1012,
Is CS0 feet long, 66!4 feet beam and has
a draft of 30 feet. The I.lon carries qlght
13 fj-lnch guns nnd lfl four-inch 'guris, and
Is equipped with three 21-Inch torpedo
tubes Her complement consists of- 1000
men nnd she Is, capable of traveling 23
knots an hour.
The battle cruiser Indefatigable Is 673
leot long, 70H feet beam and 27?i feet
deep. She .was constructed at Devenport
Th 1D11 and has a speed of 26 knots. The
Indefatlgable's armament consists ot eight I
13-incn guns, to rour-lnch guns and three
21-inch torpedo tubes. Sho has a com
plement of 800 officers and men.
Tho Nurnberg v. as one of the small
units of tho Gorman squadron. Sho had
a displacement of 3150 tons nnd a com
plement of 295 men. Ilcr length on the
water line, was 35 feet and her beam -II
feet. Sho carried ten 4.1-tnch guns, eight
ft e-pounders, four machine guns and two
The cruiser Dresden Is a sister ship of
tho famous cruiser Emdcn. Tho Dresden
is 261 feet lopg and -II feet oil tho beam.
Her(d!splacemeut Is 3511 tons. Tho Dres
den carries ten 4 1-lnch cuns. four Hva-
pounders and foiir machine guns. The J
Dresden has a rated speed of 25 knots fl
an jiour, uut'her null cannot possibly
have been scraped for a long time, nnd
sho has been cruising in Southern waters
whero barnacle gronth Is fast.
UGANDA WOULD AID BRITAIN
Chiefs Offer BOO Warrlora for.ServIce
LONDON, Dec. 1.
The Colonial Office has received an
offer from live Uganda chiefs, far In
the Interior of Africa, to Join the British
army, bringing with them S00 of their
Nat patterns In
In Gothlo and Squire
Odd and aUlUov And
Irotu lu llrM mad Iron.
Kuldlur and BUUoaary
Bparit uuruf vie
J. FRANKLIN MILLER
MM tJUKSTlSrpT 8TBEET
EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA FRIDAY, DECEMBER
GERMANS, IN LEAD,
AID AUSTRIANS IN
FIGHT AT CRACOW
Petrograd'. Admits Serious
ness ol Austro-German
Offensive Kaiser's Staff
PKTltOaltAD, Dec. 11.
Clcrmnn ofllccrs have nrsumed complete
control of tho operations ot tho Austrian?!.
ns -well ns of tho German nrmleB eolith
of Cracow In western Oallcla, whero one
of the biggest battles of tho war Is de
veloping. Tho serlousncfw of the Austro
German ofTenslvods admitted here.
Tho fighting to tho south of Cracow Is
developing Into ono of the great battles
of the war. Tho Atistro-Oerman forces
have mndii desperate nttempts lo break
the Hussion line by mMRscd frontal nt
tocks pouring men forward In seemingly
unending numbers. The artillery flro has
been lorrlflc. Kvcry Ihdjr-ntloti Is that
tho German nrtler outranges tho ftus
slati, but the Ilusslans have held their
linen by the bravery (it tho Cossacks
lighting on foot.
Arcliiluko Krcdct Ilk, commander-in-chief
of tho Austrlnn armies, has jlcldcd
the direction of tho massed fortes BOUth
of Cracow which aro trj)ng to hurl the
Hunsliuii back nnd rellove Cracow, whore
tho KtiRslans ate establishing a siege.
Upon tho outcome of this conflict de
pends the .fate of Silesia. If tho Austro
German forces aro defeated tho Hussluns
will sweep onward Into Silesia in an ef
fort to open up the way to tho very gates
Field Marshal ou Illmicnburg, the Ger
man commander-in-chief, is throwing
huge masses, of cavftlr) toward the south
east, In an effort to push through tho
passes of tho Carpathian Mountains nnd
relievo the situation In Hungary. Alarmed
nt the steady advance of tho Russians
Into eastern Hungary, tho Hungarian
Government sont on appeal to the Ger
mans to send aid
Tho march th'rqugh- tho Carpathian
Mountain passes, which Is being forced
nt top speed because of tho seriousness
of tho situation In Hungary, la being
attended b tho greatest difficulties and
AMERICA NOT NEUTRAL
GERMAN PAPER SAYS
Acceptance of Wnr Contracts "Merely
New Form of Subsidy."
BEnidN, Dec. II.
'Hie Deutscho Tagcs-Zcltung today do
clnrcd that the acceptance of war con
tracts from England and. Franco by
America Is merely a new form of sub
sidy. "American war contracts for England
and France mean mllltnry and economical
backing up for Germany's enemies. Thoy
aro a new form of former subsidies. Th
American assistance Is Indispensable for
England and France, it would only have
effect to prolong the present war." ' ;,
up to $5.00
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FOES GRIPPED ,
Continued from Tnie One
stipcrsctlcd Archduke Frederick of
Austria in command.
The catiinatan in IToland novv ten
'ires rfliolit LoVic. where Berlin re
ports the Germans' fn control of tills
important railwnyMown southwest of
Further progress of the Allied
troops at a number of points along
the Franco-Belgian battle tine is re
ported today in the official com
tiuinitlttc issued this afternoon by the
Paris Wflf Uincc.
About Yprcs, however, the Germans
have assumed the offensive. Uiey
made four scparate-attacks there and
at one point carneu tnc rtcncn
trenches after furious lighting.
Reports from Amsterdam that the
Germans have evacuated Rottlcrs
lack confirmation, but the news is
credited in Paris, where it is also be
lieved that the Kaiser's forces arc
about to fall back from Ihourout and
Turkish forces frustrated an at
tempt by the Russians to land a de
tachment at Gonia, south of Balum.
It appears Russia is attempting to re
inforce its garrison at the Black Sea
The German cruiser Dresden, sole
survivor of Admiral von Spec's Meet
following the battle off Falkland Is
lands, is reported to have sought
refuge in Santa Cruz, Argentine port.
AUSTRIANS DRIVE FOE BACK
25 MILES IN WEST GALICIA
Vienna Forecasts Abandonment of
VIENNA. Dec. II.
Austrian successes In western Galicla
coupled with German successes in Toland
have virtually broken the back of tho
second Hussion advance on Cracow. Held
back In their Immediate nrlvanco, and
with the situation nlong tho AVnrthc
Vlstula front, ono of peril to Warsaw and
later I'etrogrnd, tho Itusslnns will bo
compelled to repent their procedure of the
time of the Initial drive on Crserfw that
is withdrawn from Galicla to tako hold of
tho serious situation at borne.
The Czar's forces defending Warsaw
on n fiO-mlle front have been bentcn back
by tho Austro-Getman columns. The re
treat at some points) covers a distance
of i'o miles, nn official report Issued to
In western Gnllcla tho Austrian arms
have been successful. Up to the present
more than 10,000 Itusslnns hnvo been
Vtken prisoners. The lighting continues
stubbornly for the objective of Cracow.
Tho Tlusslan advnnco to Cracow has
been' halted nnd It Is considered probable
that tho situation In Poland, where the
German nrmlcs have won successes at
Lodz nnd Przasmysz, will force the Czar's
General Staff to withdraw troops to reln
forco the army defending Warsaw.
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PROGRAM FOR NAVY
Says There Should Be No
Change Before Interna
tional Disarmament Agreement.
WASHINGTON, Dec. ' -Secrelnry of
Hie Nftvy Daniels today told the House
Naval Affairs Committee Hint until tlicie
wns an International disarmament agree
ment this country should continue to
build tuo battleships a year, no matter
what the slo of tho navies of other
conutrles may be.
This statement wns brought out by Hep
rcsentatlve Wotherspooti, n "small nav"
mnn, who soURlit to liavo Mr. Dnnlcli
say that It foreign navies nre reduced
by war or otherwise, this country might
Intetrupt Its building program.
"Supposo tho navies of other notions
should conslBt of only IS battleships each,
must wo keep on building?" nsltcd
"I would continue building tno bat
tleships a year until there Is nn Inter
national agrooment regarding reduction
In nrmantont," replied Datilols. "We aro
not building ships against any particular
Dnnlcls added that this country wViuld
be glad to Join In nn International agree
ment looking to disarmament, but thnt
until this cornea tho policy Is to go ahead
with the rcgulat building piogrntn.
Hcprcscntativo Hutlcr dovoloped that In
tho event of trnublo It wpuld reisilro at
least two years to build 10 battleships by
working ull of tho private and Govern
ment shipbuilding yards. Secrelnry Dan
iels said England has tound It Impossible
to rush out i battleship, In loss tlmn tuo
cars with her Improved facilities nnd
that the United States has facilities not
qulto ns good ns thoso of Knglamt.
Heprescntatlve Ilcnsle asked If Din
lels wns not sony that tho Philippine
had been acquired ns n. result of Dewey's
victory nt Manila Hay.
"I nm sorry, of course thnt we took
the Philippines," said Dnnlcls, "but
TJowoy pursued exactly tho right course
nt Manila liny nnd his actions wcro wlso
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PPTROGRAD CHEERS SERBS'
VICTORY DESPITE HANDICAP.
22,000 Austrinns nnd 100 Guns
Captured in Campaign.
PETIloanAD, Dec. 11.
News of Hie hard-pressed Serbs' victory
over tho Austrlans lias aroused great en
thusiasm here, .
Just n week ago the Austrlans extended
their lines over very difficult country
alons the right banks of the Mvcrs Kolu
bara and Dlga for a dlstalico ot nbout TO
miles. The two left-wing divisions start
ed on a triumphal march to Belgrade,
while the right wing was extended to en
velop tho Servian left,
Tho Servians attacked the Austrian
centre held by tho 16th Coips and, break
(ng through, compelled the right wing to
retreat In considerable disorder. Turning
then northward tho Servians continued to
break up tho Austrlnn centre, Including
divisions of the lSth Corps, and pursued
tho retreating right wing, consisting of
tho 16th Coips
Tho Austrlnn left, a portion or tho llh
Corps. wMch rested on Belgrade, does hot
nppcar to have como up In time to take
nn effective part In tho fighting. Indeed,
It Is Plated that Austria, believing the
Serbs practically crushed, already had
dispatched several divisions of this corps
from Belgrade lo the nusslan frontier.
The itjoiclng In llustla over tho Servian
vletoty exceeds unjthtns nroused by Itus
sla'a own successes, for It Is recognized
that Scr la has had n hard task.
A dispatch from Nlsh eaya the total cap
tures of tho SorvlatW In battles fought
with tho Austilans from December 3 to
December 7 wcro 121 olltccis and 1!2,1U
men, C9 field pieces, 43 qillck-Ilrcre, S
mortars, 10,000 rifles, DD wagdnloads of
ammunition, 1205 transport wngons, 10
liospitnl wagons, -I ambulances, 2 treasury
safe and 3.'7 horses.
STADEN REPORTED CAPTURED
British Drive Germans Erom Flem
ish Town North of Ypres.
llOTTimDAM, Dec. 11.
British troops havo captured the town
of Stndcn, It miles north of Yprcs on the
railroad between Thourout nnd Yprcs,
according to a report from Sluls.
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URGES AN ARMY
OF 500,000 MEM"
Also Advocates EstablishJ
ment of Strong Military
Reserve Scores Loc
Washington, Dec. n.-vigorous k1
pot-ltlon to the I.odge-Oardner rcsolutlonJ
demanding public invcstiBntion or the pre,-;
parcdncss ot the untteu states for war
wns voiced In the Senato today by Sen
ntnr Weeks, of Massachusetts, who d.I
clarcd for Immediate reorganization ofl
the regular army uy increasing ltfl
strength to KX,ooo men ana tiio cstablUlw
ment oi a sifoiik mmiih.ii i-cscrvo, (
Senator Weeks, who Is an ex-naval of-'a
fleer and a graduate ot tiio united Stat
Naval Academy, said at this tlmo It wart
not prudent to tako any action whlchi
would change the Government's policy,;
or add to the naval equipment except bpj
an omnibus appropriation -which couMl
bo expended under tho direction of thai
General Board ot tho Navy, with th.
npproval ot tiio secretary ot tiio Navy'
and tho President. 4
Tho Senator said the United Slatstl
Navy was In a class with that of Gcr-1
many nnd rrnnco, and probably'sccondl
only to that of afcat Drltnln.
17th and Chcatnut Sts.
.imiiimmsi' . I'l innipiiinfii
WT$Kiiirft1w ji " --
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