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Evening ledger Philadelphia", feiday, December if, 1814.
W " . '! f ""r n-r tn if r . m -- .i , GARDEN CITY IDEA POINTS ONE WAY TO HOUSING REFORM Social Welfare Wprkers De ' clare Such a Solution Ap plicable to Philadelphia's Tenement Problems. A,' "garden clly," such as was started In Lone Island by the Itussell Sago Vawi- , flotltfn, Is recommended by clvlo workers hire as one of tlio solutions of tenement bouse evils. LoiifT Islnnd Is not tMo only place where ftn attempt has been mado to reatlzo this dream of liusW reformers. Cities li Varlqiis parts of tho British Empire have succeeded In making vast Improvements In houslmr conditions. Whom rows of windbwlees roSms and llttto narrow alleys at one tlmo existed, now sanitary homes BUttoundcd by flower-gardens aro to bo seen. ExpcJts on houslns condltlops doclaro that municipalities abroad, )as well ns In certain parts of this country, have shown moro Interest In the welfare of those who live In congested sections than Phllndcl- pma. One year and five months havo passed awuy Btnco tho Legislature enacted a law providing for tho now Division of Housing ancV Sanitation This act was signed by tho Governor. Councils' FJ nanco Ctfmnilttoo has Ignored all requests for appropriations. Tho new division, If established, WQjUd liavo forced owners on "tenement caves una iivum iuh ,.. Blve Its ocqupants better housing condl- . Uon. declaro social workers. ENGLAND'S GARDEN CITIKS. Tho garden cities of England aro de scribed by Frederic C. Howe, Immigra tion Commissioner at Ellis Island, In a pamphlet. Tho housing problem is one of tho1 vital subjects which has been uncle discussion for years In London, ho Bays. Clr WlllUim II. Lover has his own Idea about his employes and their righto, Sir William Is quoted as followi . V, "As a mattor of principle nllMvould ad mit that ovcry diligent employe has a moral and indlsputablo right to Jlvo In a decent home, to possess tho opportunity i to bring up his chlldr.cn In decent en vironment, to enjoy tho best possible facilities for the development of his own, his wlfo's and his children's faculties, so as to mako them healthy and .strong and long lived. " .- "Buulncss cannot bo carried on by physically deficient employes any moro than war can be successfully waged by physically deficient soldiers. Business ef flciency.Mhcrefore, demands better hous ing conditions for employes, apart from tho principle of tho employes' own un questionable right to the same." 'Sir William found that tho loss of tlmo C H I LsD R E rf' Penguins IN THE cold Arctlo nnd Antarctic ' .regions' there aro many strange ani muls, all different from tho ones wo aco In our purt of tho world. Tho Beals, tho Jlsft. and. tho Hying creatures aro all very curious, but of all, big and little, trio penguins are the most fascinatingly funny, What rfro penguins, aro you wonder ing? Pengulps aro birds, but their wings' ' aro so queer and small that they c-an hardly fly. Insteud of flying they -waddle, around on their big wob feet and only flutter their wings to libip them j ',.-,,'iiti( then wth d push anifthovf, jostles ' ' , , thtti) into th icy ocean. fin. little when they are in an extra big 'hurry. Penguins aro about SO Inches "retail and have sleek black feathers on Ti their backs and . aoft downy white ,jf ' feathers on their breasts'. . You would, laugh to see a jrroup of '' them' together. They, get very excited as they chatter and' tail? with eager '"ples and Ihey waddle around as i inougn iney were very ia; oia mates running t catch a, train. (if-yBu can . imagine a. hundred very at ald.laiHe's .-dressed in black dresses' with Ions .,' white bibs, all running' frantically -In .-(' every direction, you will just about rl Imagine what a group of ope hundred f"j'Jook llkp.) IS. And you, never could bums how they 'jnake 'heir nests! W' Out of straw? The Ideal There is Sjgbo straw at.theQuth Pole. 1V8r. ut twfSSi fQ tfftl grow (here! V Out of rok? Ysi .-Jteund, smooth frocks, altout the shjgf gjiese or duck eggs. Cioe dllWH t)X tlie'lcy ocean hey searched fe smooth reeks' to build , on. Then oaa ai a time the round ' smooth Stones they, find are nushod Pp,; 1U and sheved Into placs. They rnake, a i'-X' flrclB M fjrbugd'o;? rpjqks Just as yj;s, you wouja uuua a pwe for a eamp Uiue. xnai woman t sem use a vej?y ieoit nesi, wouw jit But they think jt ia just tne most proper Hind of a .best Imaginable. V When the circle qf stooes la iee aad rownd, ad tka biseeat fMk are ua f tfutiy auejii mi with aiu qmh, Uw j niother ird lays two always twt-- Mrva in tte aest. Tnto hijti real work begin. YNt lia.v i.u iita. Iiu cmciully thaoe gg k ti he uati.lii.ii Witt, Us iud 4 l.lti.iM Hi.) must b v.a.sm. m cauftut ' tbdto i tbu , or Skrec ; fitMvtMl U tij. TbJl, to, MjHf I m&mt ' m mm.i jwwfe j.,.. w. -r IH .rtjr. ip- n- through sickness was moro than 10 per cent, of a year's work under ordinary housing conditions; that the death rata was moro than 25 In a thousand where houses were crowded 50 to the acre. tug Long island expeiumknt. For some time tho Sage Foundation hay'bien making n.. garden city, experi ment at Forest Hills, Long Island. Land was purchased which was later plotted like n private estate by landscape artists and architects upon which n suburban community has been' built, with all sorts of Improvements. Out of he experiments mado a new type of city has arisen. While this par ticular example docs not provide homes for tho very poor, It Is cited by social workers as demonstrating what could be done for them as well as for moro well-to-do folk. Dr. Lawicnce F. Flick, a leading au thority on tuberculosis nnd one of the founders of the Phlpps Institute, recently declared that the ultimate solution of the problenvof Philadelphia's appalling hous ing renditions would bo tho purchase by the sStnto or some philanthropic Institu tion of property for the building of settle ments. COMMISSION BLAMES COUNCILS. The Increase In the death rate In Phlla- dclphla for 11 months In 19U, as compared with tho samo months of 1913, Is blamed Upon Councils In n. statement Issued by the Philadelphia Housing Commission. "Tho greatest Increase In deaths," ac cording to tho statement of the commis sion, "has been among children leas than 10 years old. and cspoclaliynmong babies. To nn expert it Is evident that this Is at tributable to environmental and weather conditions. Certain of tho communicable diseases, known for their Intimate relation wjth bad housing, have appreciably In creased. "There aro at least 100,000 Insanitary conditions In Philadelphia, It wo count tho properties exposed to open Vowcrs and yard vaults. It Is a truism that, when you clear "away tho flltliyou reduce tho number of such diseases and tho number of deaths from them. Wo haVo practical examples of that In .Havana, Panama, .the' Philippines and our latest exnmple In Vera Cruz." TAFT TO GIVE SENATE " VIEWS ON PHILLIPINES Ex-President Will Testify at Hearing on Government Bill. AVASH1NC5TON, Dec. II. Hearings on tho Phlllpplno bill granting a moro au tonomous form of government and ulti mate freedom for the Island will bo held Monday, Wodncsday and Friday of next week before the Senato Philippine Com- mltU. I The commltteo today outlined 'the work and prepared a list of witnesses who would be heard. Tho witnesses will Include ex-President Taft. Secretary of War Garrison, aenernl Mclntyro, chief of tho Bureau of Insular Affairs: Secre tary' to Governor Genoral HarrlBon; MrT FergUBon; Vico Governor General Mar tin, Mr. Brooks, editor of tho Marilta Times; Dean C. Worcester, former mem ber of tho Phlllpplno Commission; for mer Governor Cameron Forbes, nnd Man uel L. Quesznn, Resident Commissioner from the Philippines. S CORNER at Home on Just such choice morsels, swoop down and gobblo them up. Then there is oro more danger per haps the greatest danger of all. Some time's .a 'neighboring mother bird whoso eggs' have been stolen will herself steal tho eggs and carry them off to her own nesl. Once they 'aro gone and care fully tucked under somo other pen guin's breast, how Is a poor mother going to know where they are; or rec ognize her own eggs even if she should seo them? Tell me that! So she must wat,ch carefully sand oven if she slips: away from the nest for a mlnuto or two, sho must keep her weather eye out for danger, ' Sometimes before tho eggs are hatched a snowstorm comes. Then the mother bird sits very still until some times' she is covered by two or' three feet of soff snow. After tho storm la all over, she begins working her cu rious be,ak back and forth, up and clown, until she burrows her way out to the open nr. After being so careful of tho eggs, wouldn't you think the penguins would make good mothers to the baby birds? But quite the reverse Is true. As soon as tho eggs are hatched, the mother seems to-feel that her responsibility is over. She leads her baby birds down to the, edge of the water and then with a push and shove, Jostles them Into the icy ocean. iNpw donjt feel too sorry for them. They can always1 swim' with no teach ing,, and how they do love the water! Copyright, 13H, Clara Ingram JuiUon. Toys to tparel Toys to spar I What girl or hoy has toys to spare J i3-i; theml Bring theml Help Old Santa I Came to the Santa Claua Store Hquae, 608 Chestnut street. Corns' Boy si Come Girlal Be sure to come.' There's a tree and come and see what elset mmmmmmmmm-mtmmmmmmmmmmimniiiiy mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmiit n mmmlxwimMmiwwmntf :! w wrass "iW'i T W 1,312,850 TONS OF NEWTON COAL WEjIe CONSUMED LAST YEAR. We Mention This to Drive Home a Big Fact; We Are Not the Best Because, the Largest BUT the Largest Because the Best. Call Us Up at Once and Tell Us to Send gome of That Coajl That's Cheapest-in-tlie.End, Ckute Prka; Bgg 7,; State $7Ji Nut $f.5j Pen $S.fi 3C extw if carried GEO. 8 NEWT? ON COAk CO fMMf MM MAG mm III!5PBi3iP35S9i j.? $2,000,000 IS VALUE OF PRODUCE IN COLD STORAGE AT MARKET Two Rooms Hold $ 1 00,000 in Flower Bulbs From China and $60,000 in Malaga Grapes. "In that, room Mhcro aro flower bulbs from Chlnta valued at more tliaiiJlOO.OOO. They will be sold In the early spring to owners of greenhouses nnd others who raise raro flowers' "And those aro grapes, are they not?" "Ves, Malaga grapes. Tho consignment In that room nlona Is worth JCO.00O." This conversation tok placo this morn ing In the basement of the Reading Ter minal Market. The speakers wero Gcorgo H. MeKay,-uperlntcndent of tho market, and F, G. Wllklns, hend of a delegation of market men from the Centre and Hay Markets of Washington, which has come to this city t,o -study tho Food Imposi tion now being held under auspices of the Heading Terminal Market IJu3lncrjB Men's Association. - Tho delegates made their way through ns-fcibyrlntli of corridors, through which ran great pipes burled three Inches deep In Ice. They peered In vast vaults, somo containing thousands of barrels of ap ples,, others holding vegetables, and still others devoted to meats. i'Tho beauty of It all Is,"' said Mr. Mc Kay, "that tho produco In this market Is examined every day. Not only city nnd State ofllclals make tho rounds, but Federal Inspectors also como hero dally. "If one of tho Inspectors should find n pleco of meat lying on tho floor of onrt of these refrigerating rooms tho owner, would bo reprimanded, If It occurred again tho man In all probability would lose his license. "Moro than JZ.COO.AOO worth of produce Is storcdv beneath this market, but If the railroads should suddenly stop shipping to this city there would not be enough food In Philadelphia to feed, the popu latlon for three days. The produco. put In here Is not 'storage' stuff. It Is put here for short holdovers. For instance. when there Is a big kill -rtf the slaughter houses, the meat dealers stock up foi the ,uext four days, or oven a week, nnd only In the caso of fruits and vegetables, which so 'out of season, aro they stored for hold-overs.' This practice, of course, Is what makes it posslblo to buy chcrrleB and strawberries In January. 'I was made superintendent of tlds mar -kket 23 years ago," Mr. 'McKay continued. I studied the refrigeration problem nnd decided this was tho only means of pro tecting tho farmer and Inducing him to ship to this market. Bcforo that. If n man shipped 1000 chickens to the market, he sold perhaps WO on tho first day. Tho rest spoiled overnight, and to cover theso losses ho was obliged to charge a good round flguro for his goods. Tlds man now sells nll'of his produco and can afford to sell It at a lower figure." TAX DELINQUENTS WARNED Itecelver .Kendrick Gives Note of Penalties for Non-Payment. Tlocolver of Taxes W. Froeland Ken clrick has .Issued notices that all unpaid city and school taxes for 1914 must benr a penalty of 4 per cent. 'All 1911 taxes remaining unpaid after December 31 en ter the delinquent class nnd the names of the delinquents will be publicly an nounced by "advertisement. Delinquent taxes may be paid after January 21 next with additions of 5. per cent, penalty,- the cost o,f advertising. Interest at 6 per cent, per annum rata until paid and a cumulative penalty of 1 pcT!8nt. a piontli continuing for seven months. Then comes the tiling of a lien against the property for which the taxes are unpaid, which also carries Its share of costs. Taxpayers are urged by the Receiver to procure bills at once and save them selves Inconvenience and expense by mak ing their payments prior to December 23. Bills may bo obtained by messenger, mall or by a call In person at tho tax office. WATER-POWER DILI, HEARING Amendment Offered Depriving Secre tary of Discretion in Leasing. . WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. At the hearing today before tho Senate Public Lands Committee rfh the bill proposing that the Government shall lease water power sites qu the public domain, Senators Clark, of Wyoming, and Kmoot, of Utali, Insisted 'that the bill should bo amended so as to make fixed charges for the leases. In stead of pllowtng tho Secretary of the Interior dlsereltlon In this matter as pro vided In tho House bill. Senators ttobn son, of , Arkansas, and Norrls, of Nebras ka, ob'jected to such an amendment. Clifford Plnchot will not appear until next week, when a number of Governors of Western States. Including those from California, Colorado, Idaho and Utah, will give their views on thf water power bill. JIESOHTS "The Delights of Gelling Well" Youcincombioethciioymntiof amanlcffQtrv or botelwtlh ALL, tlw IKEA IMtN-lSttvia tt ALi.Yichjr.'Kirlibad, Ntuhetm. or i!rroti tl Hotel Chamberlm lalenltfor UollMl, M byChtn&nlia. UetWj, tat A ftqucst. Aiirtu. CEO. f.ADAUS. U,f .. FwImuMcmm, V. W. ''"T;l . 'i 1 w fr'ii'ffi fa 9r .: Store Opens 8:30 A. Tomorrow Brings to Wanamaker's the Promised Christmas Sale of Young jf "" s y u'veruuu Clothes Suits and Coats at An Average Half Price; : "- ,. Fashionable Garments at $5V.io:!: $25 In all the more-than-three-thousand garments in this sale, there is not one piece that is undesirable in point of style or qual ity. And you may be the judge of its price! So you see it is a very unusual collec tion indeed a group of 3000 new and fash-. ionable garments, many brought in specially ' ' . for this occasion, some from our own stocks altered in price to meet the newcomers, and ..,; some of the finer, broken sizes from our own cases, also lowered in price and put in with them. " . - The garments average half the usual prices. Every garment was made especially and particularly for us. The fabrics are new in fashion and of dependable qualities. -."' . ' I .'''. And prices are so small that a young woman's mother and sister, 'and, grandmother, might give her a frock and a suit and a coat, and pay just the price f or 'the three that they'd" ; expect to pay for one piece! - Plenty of Extra Salespeople Plenty of Quick and Helpful Service --,; There Are Five Important Groups of Some very fashionable coats are $20 and charming little coats they are, too ! Their fashion is extremely new, for they are of rich vclour or corduroy, patterned on lines of the Empire, and have the somewhat full and ripply skirts that are so smart. They haye tho new "muff" collars of soft, pretty beaver or other furs, and are lined with rich peau de cygnesand warmly interlined. They are just what young women want for afternoon and evening use. Also at this price .are coats of mixed tweeds with natural raccoon collars all worth a great deal more. More black wool plush coats are $15 Soft, warm fab rics of unusual quality, made in a new style and finished with the fashionable high collars of fur. The Evening Frocks and Dance Dresses $10 for a collection of sample frocks for debutantes charming little dresses of crepe meteor, taffeta and chiffon, made in the new styles, with wee sleeves or shoulder straps and in the fashionable colorings. Other Dresses at $7,75 and $13.75 are of crepe de chine, crepe meteor and other pretty, glim An f A Special Group at $18.50 include .suits of corduroys, broadcloths, velveteens and . gabardines, in the fashionable sand, tete de negre, Russian . green,; blue, and black. Made in a new short-jacket model; many are in short-waisted effects and most all are fur ., trimroA. They are very well tailored, beautifully lined.arid ' most) unjlBual at $Jt.DU, . - i0 s.Bd $16 ch tOK our eoatu in brQwn. blue or gray, and 6 to 14 year skes. These - rf most asaaptienal indeed at such prices. ; ; - $6, $7.gQ and $10 for other coats Coats-of corduroy, rl ';- Fir -'7 ' '" ' ' "" ' ' T - i 1 inn a niii .m i. iuhmii imi rim r rrTrwr'Miir --ir -'1 "i "ir" ..o-tp --n. .....-. . -i -r. ,,,,, .. .. S&. !w OUP" Jw!fc ' 'WM-'"Mml4llrmnfffll!WilllWWiig JiBSSi'ffFltt':i:1--iafiiS && t . 3B. it ; j A1 , -: ' "I a msj ulilli Mill liMMiiillllWinlWW IIHIIIM1 immti' Iiwii'P ii'ii'iiiii iflw 'Ti'i &, ,.. WANAMAKEft'S il. Wometi':s j "YTC T"-- smart wraps, (' i Each v from the Time the Store Opens Dresses Are Just As Wonderful Unusual Collection of Suits .anq.nejYyieBiuna. All these garmentsiare An Children's Coats Have a Share, . . best custom made cninbiiiua t tgecong'FUer, i i j JOHN WANAMAK kfK S u A v , :ll .-. -, r x -'. a W0fls-vrv mm .&' fl' ". iSVJ H Wool plush and novelty coats at $18.50 are a group of. samples, ones of a kind, and very distinctive looking wrapa. They are in rich, dark colors, many fur trimmed, and are suitable for dress occasions and afternoon, wear. Practical, good-looking coats at $10 are of zibeline tweeds and other good Winter fabrics, in brown, blue or black. Many have fur collars; all are warm, attractive coats, rare indeed at $10, Novelty coats at $7.75 are most unusual, and ithey come in brown, blue, black or tweed colorings. There are many styles, all new and attractive. ' For general wear motoring, school use and shopping these are exceptional. mering silks, nnd. made with spangled tunics and bodice3,t and most effective indeed. . ' - Morning and Afternoon Dresses ,$5, $7.50 and $16 for sergesatin, serge-and-satin, silk and crepe dresses in black,' blue and a few colors. The colors are in good taste, new and attractive and the dresses, like, the'other garments, average half price. j; $10, $15, $20 and $25 for Other Suits " ' - . NqveHy fabrics, broadcloth, gabardine, velveteen aj corduroy In all the wanted colors and many new stylM. xr-'' ? M . timma1 ah . moj !, i. . Many.-wjB fur trimmed. .AH are made; with new ahort cofe H'.ta20 year-isea, i V. . . ... velveteen,, roaaQ)tn, gpuiMUa gray;or - b?ostn,vand 6 te44 ywg? fer sahool or-better wmbl - go -vr ww Ofcutaat) fw . IP 1 1 i " ii mummp VQPMffB il: Stove Closes G P. M Coats '3GSi5 :j0 Yk 1 i PC? Too and ymw m m NNMN kjwk. Thw m -Z (limit W'i mm "Tar inP HS1 1 Jilliillpss' - I lfinjiii IlUBilP! I ig lEBiipiif : '' s ".rKBSSffi nBB W Bt BiBHHI BPWB ia-av,- mESml affifr- n.cM y"i m jm B,'"4- ':SSSi mSgfwB pm '.; sssffi. .kj.. v.-!ss,;:"i y -r Z s & mm. d