OCR Interpretation

Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, December 11, 1914, Night Extra, Image 8

Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1914-12-11/ed-1/seq-8/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 8

-nmnnwwiwwiiinijiiiii liw i umiiiihh m i miiw d hi m iiiiiiiinpM mini .wi n ii, mwimSm
jT-S? -?
- - i
i SMf
f t M'
. FKiPw
S. M M?:Jmu o
criii8 tt. K rimTis ritmniir.
jtt..L, W -att-... 4r.t. a. . taKiB IIa mS 1 A Ha.a Aft m fe m
LWHiH. fatrilneten. Philip 8 Cfilllnt. John 11 TT1I-
2WUA1.ET 8teml. IMKer
f-t "ii i ' i " "
. MAttllN . . .dcmrat nxiiirilii iinrr
' TutlljJitd diliy el rutiuo l.tMtt BulldlDif,
IntJopendtnce Squire, rhlladlphlii.
s CaTftiL.. ........ .flroftd ft nil ChootnuL RtrMttf
rAliimie Cltr.... rrctnfat Dulldlnc
KitrToitK.. t0-A. Mtrplltiti1 Tower
tiatiioo . .. .817 tlm tmursneaj Itulldln
-fcw. ....... .8 wirioo ce. ran aiah s. w.
1S"1 Brit' Th Patriot nulldlnr
j8io: udkiuu IQt foil iiuiiiinc
rplic BcrV i. Th(mes llulldlnr
tfntjltic ..... SO FrltrirletistriM
.... ..... n.n ii.ii a frr
rti IPcuio.... . .. 31 nut Louu Io arind
vptibiuuni. a ran ..iMii ihri. c iv.
i," W c-trir, TMilt Ostx, six conlt. By mull, poJtntls
Id of rhllftdtlshla. excert nhero fnrafen nn
irfiicn potiM
itynvs eont
luiroo, out t omt, on tncntn. tnrmy-nva eom
O.sLr. onti yaftr. thre dollirai.
All mull ub-
1p5lon.jjarbl In dvne
KEV11 0.NC, MAIM 3000
Udctrrn all communications It Evtrtna
tXtitt'tr, lnttptnd$nci Stuart, rhiladetrMa
J clan mail uirrtn.
;, riuutDEtPitu. FntDAV, nrccMDEn 11, ivh.
" : ! ' ' ' ' -
Dcatro? Hvulth and Morality
EdAtTH nncj morality are at stake In the
'houslns conditions of Philadelphia.
Everything else can bo left out of nccount.
because thesp two things are vltM to Civilized
lite. It the conditions In which ueoole exist
Pnnki heaJth Imnosslhlp. than how la society
. . , . .
i tolng to continue? If tho shelter In which1
. Jhey hor worse than cattle makes morality
impossible, then how can America flourish
: 'anions-tho qatlonn?
,-rhlIaUeIpIila'B death rate Increased from
15,17 a thousand to 16.13 for the first 11
? months of 1014. The Increase In lnfantllo
uWortallty, In whooping cough, Influenza-
erlp, tuberculosis of lungs and broncho-
'pneumonla tells the talo of overcrowding, lack
;Of sunlight. Impure Ulr nnd defective sanitary
, provisions'. Old tenements, dark and dilapi
dated, without ventilation or conveniences
fty" cleanliness, nro full of germs. They nro
SyjBrltauie shambles, to which the poor ana un
.fortunato are driven by necessity, ami a civ
ilized community must protect Itself by
. abolishing them.
Archblshop Trondcrgast has characterized
them as "Plague snots." "It Is a serious
ganger to mornllty," he says, "to crowd too
t many people or fnmllfes Into a house The
ifongestlon which foiei so many of different
fhabfys' Into constant contaot Is a danger to
iWKjraiiiy; in particular 10 mo cnnaron woo
forced to see and hear what will implant'
r'thull" Irtnnrmil nnilla thn lipt-lnntnir nf vlcft
'lilch will ruin their lives."
Archbishop Prciidergast docs not speak
ftstlly or without n full know ledge of the
i DUblect. 'The reoort of tho city. Board of
P JIalti Is Impartial and purely scientific. If
X r'nimrtilm 1laFoi,nMH ai,H t.aHmnni' II
tands chargeablo with wilful blindness or
, cuipftDie ovasiop or uuiy.
Philadelphia Is Shopping Enrly
ACCORDING to managers of both the
(""Xilarger and smaller stores of PMladel-
j'TViln. ntirliitmnH Rhotinlnir Ihln vpnn hns been
w?"-j: -:. "'" . -."'" : .: ::r .. .;::
tupicieniiy ddbk io uarrani. ino assertion
that , the "shop-early" .campaign Is meeting
Cltfth success. There Is abundant reason.
RhercfoY". for congratulation to custodier and
'j1 -true "do - your - Chrlstmas-shopplng-early"
Ida, originated in this city, and has extended
ftp vlrtdally all parts of the nation. Originally
lhKfi.nf.i1 ntr n mniaitrn nf rullaf fin thn
clerks. lie scope lias necn so broadened tnat
t Intakes to the welfare and best Interest of
Kf.hu customer.
PATTo the Philadelphia shopper there Is the
Er additoual Incentlvo of possessing the best
(department stores in the country. Two of
' Phfladelohia's dcoartment stores have estab-
Htshe,d branches in .Now York, but Philadel-
ppya has et to learn of a New York depart--JJ!nt
store establishing a branch In I'hl'adel-
JPljHodelpJilaii aie buying early and buy-
' Ins rtf ht. the only thing left is how to obtain
tti'r. colli to buy with, nnd that the optimism
tin. t..iInAiCu la nMvT,tInff tnr r,i,it,1Tv. Tha
iowi"" "", .,.':. v: .. . .7.
Biam uiiii a mat LruMtr ia uciivi, niiu riurn
ijlhla js getting Its share.
pAttaqk Unemployment Scientifically
rllK problem of unemployment Is bearing
down hard on the great Industrial com-
immunities. Philadelphia Is no better and no
worca in this respect than other plac.es. The
Irritation, however, has fully demonstrated
KCW point, ami that Is our utter unprepared.
1-P.Jss for conditions of this sort. We ore In-
c;npa io site inings as iney come in Airier
To.v,aniI make the best of them after they
attlve, for we have too recently cmerxed
I'ftq.fn agrarianism to be purged of tho fatal-
m. tna result jrom uepenueuce on me sea-
ia 4nd tlje weatner.
It Is atfflcult," said Mr Wttle In his com-
jieflslve article In the Evbniko IiEocirr
jay, "to arrive at the number of un-
KJ because we do not have a system
i labor exchanges " Germany, France
dsland hve. The older Industrial
fest after frequent recurrences of
qf unemployment, attacked the prob-
entllcally. There ia nothing Indefinite
knowledge They know exactly at
p 4$ &9MH Just what the employment situation
! flwy ra no"" iovjoe ier soienimo
jHa4j$on of labor to meet peculiar ext
its. ouai in our jumncicrs U( mst Kr
to met the Teficinois of one eoton
(in surpluses of another, no In Bqrope,
exonanjf ar able to Uep unejn
t a minimum by icfentine d s-
H thief to whleh the Legislature
ably 41rt its attention It ia
cal us38ion. as no mauy pro-
tHi leform-mail sgw are On the
It H practical and certain to be
e of ccUt ruiu
CitJs Supplying necreatfau
lCOO te hv(njf inratilrW, uuccms
f.jgifH tM u.uelctjwl drtca Alfwirfy the
. .w - f"i or . ib anaatcMoa
mt rpwimm and a free cjieckrvefn
Joreoyer the people's rttwnta
teen m hearty that city offleluto are
of mtroduc!' I fr molta for an
o before ttvt 4ni.ii)if begins
u - BimU lH) ut llu 1 nftcd StatM
jittitinji ta tl t ii i t,i a funnion
blcS i ' uJsom1 'ini .a wh of oU
Jk ioa m of I1" ( i i " aftr! n, ov
fa.. A.)rr - 44 - ' . ' ' 1 fa.
'.'L '.. .' "." ." 'i,'" ',1 1.. ., !
rcifglous episodes, from which sprang modem
drams. But now, except for the municipal
theatres of CJcrmanv nntl France, It Is even
as Jane AMams, of thrtt iMr Chicago, tins
written "Only In Hie modern Industrial city
have men concluded that It In no longer
necessary for the municipality to provide for
the Insatiable desire to May."
Philadelphia has mado si cut strides In tlio
field of municipal music, with concert on the
City Hall Plata, city bands and Its 'public
shifts." Chicago Is pushing the same spirit
Into now and profitable fields.
Public Policy Requires Cheap
Passenger Rales
IET It be admitted that the rallrouds nro
J earning Icfs than 2 per cent, on tholt
passenger business, and there remaltiB no
reason whatever why commutation rates
should bo Increased. It Is well known, ot
course, that rallioads for years have re
garded tho passenger business ns an Incum
brance. A president at one time declaied
that his road would be willing to pay $500,000
n. year for tho privilege of abolishing pas
senger service entirely.
It Is passenger feivlce that makes freight
traffic. A passenger In general makes two
paymonls, one direct nnd one Indirect. If
1000 persons move from the city to tho
suburbs, supplies for them must be carried
by freight from the city to the suburbs, day
hi nnd ilny out. A large nnd remunerative
traffic Is developed. The pioflts on it must
bo considered In computing the cost of trans
porting tho commuters themselves. Every
community of committors means more freight
traffic for tin roads, and very profitable
freight mileage.
It lr against public policy to peiiallze facil
ity ot communication. It Is probable that
eventually freight traffic will be expected to
pay nil dividends nnd passenger service bo
offered nt cost. Certainly tho great benefits
to tho nation resulting from such ease of
transportation uould Justify the condition.
The Interstate Commerce Commission, It Is
true, has taken the opposite view, and has
even urged the roads to mako their pasBcnger
service more remunerative, but tho commis
sion apparently gnvo no consideration to tho
broad public Interests Invohod and was not
Influenced In the slightest by modern 'con
cepts of the functions of a railroad.
The contention thnt one or two had yeais
Jujtlflcs raising rales Is scaicely worth
refutation. There arc fat and lean jcors
In every business, and nt least onr of tho
petitioning roads Is far too prosperous lo
present a poverty plea. It appears that tho
roads are acting In concert "without any re
gard whatever to the necessities of Individual
Hues. It would not be Just to penalize the
pations of one load because a competing
road needs money.
Public sentiment will not permit any radi
cal change In commutation and general pas
senger rates. It Is peifectly willing to ap
prove the 5 per cent, advance in freight
rates, or even a stronger advanco than that;
but a heavy levy on Individual travel will not
be permitted. That will be shown nt tho
polls If argument elsewhere falls.
Simple Arithmetic
THE Philadelphia and Camden Ferry Com
pany paid a stock dividend ot 3H4 per
cent. In 1910, In addition to a cash dividend
Of 12 per cent. The percentage on capital
stock earned in 1911 amounted to 16 per cent.:
in 1912. to IS per cent-, In 1913, to 19 per cent.
Krom 1904 to 1909, Inclusive, never less than
10 per cent, was earned.
On November 17 tho Philadelphia and Cam
den Ferry Company doubled Its rates on
sightseeing autos, motor tricycles and tally
hos and Increased the rate on motorcycles
from 3 to 5 cents. The statement of the com
pany's earnings through a peilod of years,
taken in conjunction with these increase, Is
likely to arouse suspicion in legunl to nil 'pro
posed advances In passenger rates.
Culture for Kansas
KANSAS has a trained host of 75.000 music
lovers'. This standing army of music
for concert seats are naturally rather scarce
on the wlndrswept pralrles-has been raised
through a campaign waged by the State Nor
mal School. Printed lectures on the appre
ciation of music in all Its forms, from a
Brahms symphony to "The Arkunsaw Trav
eler,' accompanied by phonograph records,
have gone the rounds of Topeka, "yichlta,
Emporia and the wheat-sown spaces be
tween. "Its sole Intention." so they say of the
movement, "was to enable the ordinary citi
zen who knew no notes of music to go to a
concert and enjoy the music." Somehow the
reputation of Kansas for agriculture, rather
than boot and shoe manufacture, suggests
that a railroad ticket to town would be much
more effective.
But the Normal School has not worked In
vain. The winds of harvest time shall npt
blow over the wheat fields without finding
ardent listeners' to the aepllan strains which
It draws from the whiskers and the crops of
the cultured Inhabitants'.
A truce or a fight to the finish and real
peajee. which?
Councils has a habit of ignoring the
Slayer messages and almost, everything J
eiq wiai firu wim-
" l' " M
The Numbers an4 the presden never hart
much ot ohane, anyhow, but oertalnly the
German ships' have added much to the ro,.
mance o.f th,e seas.
' " " II ni'i'ii I 'I
Mr. Gardner's idea seems to be that, while
It la wise to have guns, It is Juit as wise
have ammunition for them.
Thatef course,
is JtRge4n,
After Me ttdl,eas string1 f bright, aier
mf-slng Bf 6vBbr, Deetnbw eem'
beat en Mstrtbutfns Just as many dpHatw
of these merntflgs of ohtll, depressing
eJesid '
. r-tm i ,..- I i rs
Instead 9i tekM? JM WU for the "iimt
ttea of a Slate feax, m mkp ti Hwrtnirg
tegiataJlers would Hv )m mm teOMMt tad
taer eUtl4 the at a tylf fsj tk "
lion ftue eual conttrsatrt.''
Tli ulM"l ana x on Bvjr M
dfti-Jjyi as .v ol " '-'" mu wHb
ttu wewt Mnumit yet a m eioisa n
,.,.,.,, "... i , . .... , .ii.
National Defense Is Kept n Dark and
Dangerous Secret Peace ' Through
Publicity nnd Preparedness An In
quiry Into Public Opinion.
IT IS curious to see how the question of
national defense lids pulled us" together.
Tho war there Is no use trying to hide the
fact had sot us all talking at right angles
to each other.
I hae heard nothing but praise for the
demand that Congress shall create by law a
Council of National Defense lo report to Con
gress on the atnlo of defenses their defects
nnd requirements. Thcro Is no debate about
thot, but every other man believes that such
an Investigation Imperatlvo ns It Is nllt
never be held In the open. Somewhere In the
daik corrldois, or tunnels, or sUbcellars of
Congress It will bo pulled down and tied Up
nnd gagged.
The Administration may have no such In
tention, but It lies under that suspicion. Even
In our democracy the military and naal de
partments nro thought to be permeated with
the secretive methods of the militarist na
tions, It la nn nbsurd thing, of course, .
nrclmlo nnd deplorable. The stato of our de
fenses of our fortresses nnd ships and men
Is ns well known In tho chancelleries of
our possible enemies as It Is In Washington.
1'or a National Council
The only pcoplo who hav been kept In
ignorance nro the people of these United
Anil when n Council of Natlonnl Defense
Is created thcro are two things It should do
make public an exacttntoment of our mentis
of defense and let the public decide precisely
what measures must bo taken So surely
as the power of the pcoplo is in the hand
of tho people that powor will be mado ade
quate for defense and will never be used for
aggression. So long ns democtacy hnB the
last word there will be no war waged cither
for territory or trade or diplomatic Indiges
tion. That Is a suro thing. The people of
Europe bellove they are fighting to gain this
ery end to take militarism out of the hands
of the feudal classes nnd castes and hier
archies nnd give It Into tho hands of the
people; and they have a tepid hope that when
that In done there'll be nn end of this dirty
and persistent game of war. At all events
that seems to be the best way out.' Six
months ago you could not have got a popu
lar vote for war In nny country In Europe
not even In Oe'imany. And Just such a vote
should be the only sanction for war.
And what armaments do wo need 7
"Onlv 20.000 Snhliers"
I heard n statement made by Governor
Leonard Wood. Ho said theie are In the East
only 29,000 American soldiers. That Is less
than three divisions up to the full. It can
be made to sound horVlbly pessimistic. It
carries with it nn ulr of snlng: "Only
29,000 why huven't wo fho nrmy corps?
Or 10 of them?" Of course. It t.s quite reason,
able to nsk: "Why should we have 29.000?"
The point Is how mnny are needed. Thero
was no gloom In General Wood's statement,
for ho went on to explain that tho militia
of the Enstern States after a few weeks of
hardening would stand worthily by the reg
ulars. Like General Funston, our other great
soldier. General. Wood has the great advan
tage of pot having worn military blinders
ever since boyhood. He looks upon military
problems with the sanity of the man who has
not spent his entire life squinting along the
barrel of a rifle. And he can see (I do not
think T misinterpret his thought) that tho
manjhehlnd the gun Is more Important than
the gun. That Is exnetly what the war
oversea Is proving for the hundredth time.
One ot the military movements that has
General Wood's unqualified approval Is the
work which has been taken up by the col
leges, It was due to Dr. John Grier Hlbben, nf
Princeton University, that the great summer
camps for college men weie established.
Theie has been a good beginning. Last sum
mer some hundieds of college men got to
gether in camps men from almost every
college In the land and put In five weeks
in hard study and practice of the war game.
This year ns many thousands will be In the
Five weeks, you say, and grin.
And this brings me bluntly up to the point
I want to make In this article. It Is a mere
hint, of course a mere intimation of what
a democracy can do in the way of defense
without falling Ipto the Dlack pit of mili
tarism. The least military country in the
world at least of those I knowIs Switzer
land. There are only about 4,000,000 people
In the whole country. And yet when her
frontier, facing Alsace and fladen. was
threatened a few months ago 300,000 troops
were mobilized there In a week.
It was ai that as needed. The democ
racy of Switzerland without the assistance
of a military camarilla, class or caste had
estimated exactly what forees were needed
for defense; and they are on the frontier
today a perfectly efficient army of democ
racy. , , Our Problem
Our problem Is not the same?
It Is not; It W different and simpler.
The only foe we have to fear must come
to us by way of the water. And If he comes
there are two things we can do: Meet him
on the water or stay him on the land. These;
are the only point? the counoll of defense
will have to onslder. Can our navy de
fend us at sea? Are our land defenses worth
the grpu,nd they staijd on? The war has
demonstrated that ' are no fortresses
nqt eyen a Tslng-Tao, that eap be held tp.
day. There is net a fortification on our
ooasta, I dare say, that is worth anything
against the' suay that aould be brought
aj;aU)st Jt, And we do not know what our
stlns" are worth. The resolution of the Na
tional Clvte Federation la a plain and ex
pigt dolaFiJn that these ar the things
we have a right te know. And the man in
Um stft (I have been talking to him) has
waie up his mind that he is going tp know
them. He sees, as every one else does, that
national defense and militarism are not the
same thing, beeavse tttey are ejaeUy op
posite thing. There la n dagger that a
4inejray wtU ew bcw 4 Militarist a
Um nates U is heft in the dark, unj it
MnsUi boo44. oecull ajut Mere waur at
'fte to dMieWe ta a ftar caiabar wfca afeall
fcs Car k jnUnlts safety It U loll! lo
beUeva tif Uw CMnge can b hid frun
ym nmx 4 t ' who wufct
know W6 to bia test ia t l the
,i. ii. i.. , i.i .milium, i I " '' "
is war to be made ho Is the man being less
hysterical than the admirals and diplo
matists to settle the question, too.
These nro not my thoughts. They were
put to me as I talked with men In colleges
and trains nnd clubs. It's public opinion
and that Is a formidable thing.
Conclusions of Thinking Men
As nearly ns I can state It, thinking men
nnd nil men today are thinking ot natlonul
defense ns a normal duty In times ot peace
and war thinking men, I say, have come
to three tolerably unanimous conclusions:
They want a frank and precise statement
ot the state of our coast defenses; and they
will not tolerate nny star-chamber investi
gation It must all bo done in the open.
And they want to know what our navy Is
worth especially tho defensive value of our
submarines and torpedo craft; with, as well,
a report on our air fleet.
The third thing they want ta know is the
status of our army and our militia.
And when once theso things are definitely
known It seems to bo the public opinion
that whatever steps are taken shall be taken
openly and with full knowledge of the people
do it openly, without any childish attempt
to hide either our weakness or our strength
from friend and enemy. Personally, I nm of
the same opinion. It Is a better protection
against burglary to have a policeman on the
doorstep than a detective crouching In the
coal cellar.
The Valiant Efforts of "Punch" and the News
ANYHOW, it's rather a cheerful war. Ger
xjl. many and England turn the pencils of
their cartoonists Into sticks for Jesters'
bladders, as the "Scrapple" of the Evkninq
Ledger testifies. Even Punch that under
study to "The Thunderer" when national
honor Is at bat waxes funny. And at the
expense ot Its countrymen:
Teuton Anatomy
"The ilay feet of Germany will be revealed
vhcn we take off the gloves." Mr, Arnold
White In the Sunday Chronicle.
So that's where they wear them.
Of course, It Is a little hard to. see how so
mastodontlo nnd Impossible a war could be
taken seriously after the press bureaus and
the censors got into working shape, nd
kthero again Punch catchesi the spirit1 of
"Among other public buildings In a certain
tqwii which for many reasons It will be pru
dent to refrain from mentioning on a
day and date which I need not trouble to
repeat. "
.No.-tlii Is not fioni our Special Itcprcaepta
tlve behind the Front; it Is the opening passage
of Oliver Twlsr, and shows what ft splendid
War Correspoijdnt Pickens would have made.
But a war-wotn world need not depend
on the humorists for recreation. The or
dinary news columns are enough- The In
ventors algne supply a pretty steady stream
of harmless diversion. The crop of epoch
makers exceeds all past records, Italians,
It Beepis, go about with pocket wireless
mechanisms of their own invention, eaves
dropping, of course, on destroyers t ever
lasting peace on earth. Marconi seize
the occasion to get out the wireless phone.
Tesla, ever seeking the spotlight, prpposts
to establish cn& over the whole AtUntlc
Out in Chicago a professqr has been demon
strating a toughened steel that can go on
getting tougher and, tougher till forts made
ot it would be Indestructible, Beside the
inventions o war, the Italian fafcer who ex.
pleded floating mines by ultra-red rays isn't
in it.
The news preduot of a single day is enough
to supply mwitrient fer a,wjile week of nor
mal, peaceful life. Yesterday, 'or Instance,
we learned thta Frenh arUAi experiment
ing with gunpowder. blw. himself up in
an attempt o get a reaUatlf metiel of battle
smoke. An ajrUW of the ilhee varied lhe
monotonous ceeurUy of hib-dropplng by
tyftlas a vojth,e,lep ee Antwerp, Qer,
man competitors get a batch of the popular
iron oro4a tor bombarding th elide at
Paver frot the air. Row la .imnwweed Ut
It was hoiiiBS lsVW prtQtr wiw a feand.
ful of guard by the simple jffces of putting,
taem to a ! wiu barracks w the. ieo
blown steppe aad 4arUg Mhwb to slay out
after dark Germany, It wa rumored, tel4
Itab Jt, "a a fMMftf fr Mulit she
IBlCfet feave , fee of te .uWr. w'e i
which the AWm ft ;i he An
- " """
The Conflict Between the Rights of the Tenement Dwellers and tho
" Inalienable Rights" of the Organization.
1 Common Councilman from Iht 2ZA Uarit.
THE Organisation members of Councils, In
refusing to obey the uct of Assembly
which was passed nt thn last session nnd
, provides, among oilier things, for a Division
ot Housing nnd Sanitation us a part of the
Department of Health and Charities in
cities of the first class, are true to their
traditions. They are firm ndlicrents of the
lalssez-fnlio doctrine. They do not bellee
in so-called "social legislation." They stand
on Cain's platfoim, that nb man is his
brother's keeper.
If .in owner of piopeity In the 11th Ward
can Induce any one to rent Its damp, water
soaked cellar and live there with a wife nnd
children, Mr. .lohn P. Connelly, the Common
Councilman ot that ward, apparently feel"
that that Is a mere matter of tasto as to
which Councils has no business to Interfere.
If four or five families combine to rent a
small, three-story houBe in the 7th Wnrd and
divide up the available space so that five or
six persons sleep In one room, that Is ap
parently regarded by Mr. Seger, the Select)
Councilman of the 7th Ward, as an Inalien
able light, not In any way to bo disturbed by
Councils. These gentlemen and their asso
ciates, in matters of this kind, aie a century
behind the times.
Inaction a Fixed Policy
Some months ago an attempt was ma.de to
secure oouncllmanlc action providing for
more careful Inspection of the electrical wir
ing, etc.. In the moving picture houses of this
city, some of which, in case at flie, would
piove to bo veritable death traps. Director
Porter made fqimal icquest for sqch action,
but nothing was clone. Action has been askTd
of Councils looking toward a proper super
vision of dunce halls, but despite the pioven
iniquities of the piescnt custom, this request,
also, has been Ignored. These and many
other Illustrations might be adduced to show
a settled policy on the part of Organization
Councllmen to oppose legislation which dis
turbs In nny way what they are pleased to
call existing rights. Hence It is not surpris
ing that they have done all In their power to
nullify the action of the last Legislature for
Improved housing conditions In Philadelphia.
The act of Assembly which they have so
flagrantly disregarded was signed by Gov
ernor Tener on the 22d day of July, 1913. It
Tiad been drafted by a legislative committee
of the Philadelphia Housing Commission,
consisting of such persons as Mr. E. Walter
Clark, 3d, the banker; Mr, Samuel 8. Pels,
Mr. Frank P, Prlohard, the able associate In
the practice of tho law of Mr. John G. John
son. Prof. Leo 8. Rowe, of the University of
Pennsylvania, Mr. Arno P. Mowltz, and
others equally able and representative. It
had received the formal approval of Director
Neff, Assistant Director Wilson and Chief
Vogelson. It had been carefully considered
and Indorsed by more than 36 organisations
In Philadelphia, Including, for example, the
Society for Organizing Charity, the Union
Jiincvolent Association, thB Children's Aid
cttlety, the Consumers' league of Ifast'ern
Pennsylvania, the Society to Protect Chil
dren from Cruelty, the Country Week 'As
sociation, tho Penns)lvanla Souljty for the
ireventlon of Tuberculosis, the SQola) Service
Department of the University ot 'epnsyU
vonltt, etc. In the Senate i( was supported fay
beth Mr. MoNlehoI and Mj Vare. And yet
Mew. Connelly and Seger have concluded
that it is unfit to be put la ftoee. However
regrettable, it U vat surprising that some
real estate- owrm and others dl?tly afftst
ed by the act am opposed to its enforcement.
Profits and Lom
i; niter present conditions splendid profit!
can be secured in certain parts of the city
from the rental of, properties on whteh a
ikudlord does not h.ve to spend & mwit
ripalra, where the only toilet facilities are
out ol doors, where the roof leak, the cellar
U water-soafced, where laad3uate window
paea aud consequpAj bad voatUatUia ane the
rule, and wh?re oworowding tita to taa
point ..r iuetof the owner of UW
Infs ut ucn ohsracUr were eoMfftMed elthor
to tear mem 0uo or nut lhup ta habitable
vendition there would i for a wblli at
lei mil kv.i recmntioo in thair SuUUe. anj
neiuii.'v this wukl W unt':fi;i- i
Htm riiar.ttf. th!f vWMt the Mteat-
I f itita wi, ?te l mw.t .jn wb
ica estate agent happens ito bo a trust com
pany. It Is rarely trud that stiong opposi
tion Is hinrd to this act save fiom those pcr
snnnlly nflectcd in somo such way nsdust In
dicated. The fact that there are men of the
nt! 'est prominence who have scon fit to op
pose the bill doeR not In any way niter this
statement, for unfortunately more than one
man of that character In this city is making
not ! today out of 'properties inhabited by
men ,nnd women, but unfit to house dogs.
It 14 not merely the poor man who would
piofit by the creation of a Division of Hoik
ing mid Sanitation in this city, thtoug.i ih-s
machinery of which this net might'' ha en
forced. .Must men who aro capablu of clear
thinking anil who have taken "the trouble to
glvo the matter any thought aie clearly an
vJnced today ot thq truth of the statement
that "no man liveth or dlcth unto himself
In ether words, you may give your child
every physical safeguard that lovo and
monev enn provide nnd yet that child may
be stricken down by n dlseaso contracted as
the lesult of the insanitary- conditions of
fcin.o i laguo spot In your neighborhood In
which neither you nor your child has ever
bet foot.
Pouring Water Inlo a bieve
Philadelphia has always been known as the
"City of Homcs We nlde ourselves, and
justly, on our magnlllcert (pnrks: we niu
gradually building- up an ne'equate system of
playgrounds, we are spending money for
public lathi: piovjding medical inspector
for our t-chool children: milk inspectors, and
mcht and cuttle inspect 3-, and yet, without
an impiovcim-nt In our housing conditions,
this is apt tc mean but ll'.tle more than pour
l'ir v.'Htei lino a sieve.
, Tho fundamental princtplo underlying thU
act has been indorsed In community aftsr
community, not only In this country but In
every civilized country In the wpjld. There
Is j.ot one proylslon In (he act which is not
In force' today" somewhere in this country
In hc effort to make It a fair and reasonable
act, the drafters went so far that some of
the leading experts on this subject m other
cities have severely criticised It for not going
far enough. If there Is any proper objection
io thl j, i hut or the other particular provlsftm
In the act, theio should be no difficulty In
seeming its amendment at the coming ses
il nil, th,e Legislature. Jf there Is any pro
vision in the act which Is unconstitutional,
that will take care of Itself. The vast mo
Jority'ot its provisions are sound nnd .their
reasonableness lncontroertible.
Jf Messrsf Connelly and Seger arc sincere
in thejr desire to relieve distress In Phila
delphia today; It they regard It, as of any im
portance to Interest themselves in the pre
vention of disease, if they consider that the
poor as well as the rletf have a right, not only
lu live, but to live Under Vfholesome condi
tions; if they have eiibugh Interest m their
own families and In the famlllfs of their
friends, to leed the almost unanimous opin
ions e-f experts ot sanitation as to the rela
tions between bad housing conditions and the
health not only of the occupants of tnsanl
tnry dwellings, but -of the general neighbor
hood, they will pay less attention to the
opponents of this bill; and by voting for the
creation gf the Division of Housing and Sani
tation, by r-tnropriatlng adequate money for
its maintenance; and' support, they will cjb
fer far more leal and lasting benefit on te
poor of Philadelphia, than will eVer rejutt
even from a M.OOO appropriation for the
relUf of the poverty so prevalent at tho
preset t lime.
a ' i . I. . . ,
Belgium'- Diitineliou
Frw th BBflBiftild RinuWUain.
uetWHm, least, doe net uav,
to the world wHt K I fighting for.
to explain
5ta' raU hB opalescent ke
TKSKft )stjday, ia lordly ageat rose
Xit ceotliunu at ! 8UUes
mmm taruj tny seemed,
set in a ,nee
Their baun stumbled
WUfOJ s crumbled th siufang Hues
useooMivacle. ihmi ou
Uulfed i a wad. unmeaning Mnife
eunne itn uU
quail .l
taio. m -ah-iLo
? f eurus
iat tis wuMMoe
I t i f t U Hntf i whr t t be sm I
the rw flWM6t VW fclk tfl tm j repi.t , owhm jmm! m Jrattoaa.
Xta 4M& 1mm. P " mwmm , M tw fa miMh tru tnrm lhi
it, Rvi arr was nrMf ft
fwwsasw mnmm tommm tfat
'm$fc - Qtt
S f' 1 tau
mm1 S', la, &
- ' t-
TSLi -i.J&M
1, la - -J S-5 TL .j
l. &rj&
W Ub
. .),,u4a
9&& s.

xml | txt