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EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, SATTTBDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1914.
r ui.. on 1 .- ' - --4 SOI t ' if ' "ft p! 4 ft ft"., toj M V 5 ti n i d b b V tr til s Bl dd tb ml aU oil th ml lit d m ESaaavBa? JaBBMS aaaBBBa7 JasaG' m- m fmfc I "Wll ' NHK 9p LalaVai aaf J- jHHtl HaW IMP? -R Bkh .. .aK.aW Be& i. -9'.a.lkaiiiaatiff SaHaA i IS75E (HP' mSuB&r Ftf tt$nftig i&ittjer PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY CrnuS K. CURTIS, Patstraftt. fi . . Ceo. W Och Secretary) John O Martin, Treaiurerj SfJ"narl II LuJIngton. Philip S Colllni, John B. WIN '& Ilarnt, Plretter. Pi 5A,' EDITORIAL BOAnDt 3.'. - .. . .., WixioiK ,Ia H. WHALEY .Executive Editor JOHN O MAnTlN dcneral Dullness Manner &' ' ' ' ' ' ' . a tnATM.ntlnA Rntiara. rMlai1lnhla. I.Kotn CcTTtit .....Broad and Chestnut BtreeU ATLANTIC Cur 4 Frem-Vnton Building Nstt Tons.. .. 1T0-A, Metropolitan Tower Cniomo 81T Iloma Insurance nultdlne London 8 Waterloo riaie, rail Mall, S. W. mws minimum i " fc 5?TT7lMisBa Bciiud The ratrtot nulldlnir 1 lyjjinioTON iicanin ..... in roll Jimmin 'Knur Touit noatin. , ., ..t.?h Tlmu UulMlnr IfBeaLtM Ilcaatfl .. ... flO !Tf-fArlfh.fi-a..A .a.k ?W)V DcrD ... ....3 rail Mall Bant, 8 w. .? i'au aiaii mam, e w, .32 Hue Louis le Grand '- run -uoatiu. . Ct SUBSCIlirnON TE1UI5 Br, carrlr. DAIlt Onti, alx cent. Br mall, pontpatd rnitaMe of Philadelphia, except where, forelrn poitati l required, Dut-T Onlt. one month, twentv.nve cental aJAi IftT ONLT. ona Year, thraa doltara. All mall iub- eerlptlona payable In adranei. BKLt, 3000 WAtrfW KEYSTONE, MAIN 3000 SV Addmi alt edmmuntcatlont te Xitninp I.tiotT, Independent Square, rhltadetfhta. I amnio at ma miiicti-i'iiu roitornci a troOHD- CLAII Halt, VaTXB. rniLADELTIlIA, SATURDAY, DECEMDEH 19, 1914. - Charter of Faith " To ttit Editor ef th Evening Ledger: in T3EriIBVB In Philadelphia. I lake my In- !T Jj .mlMMnn wtn-i It-a. V. I aei ..a. . I la ....- Stf ..a . -rtItHfl T 1t a..la.nnlH T Innlr . "" """" """ .iii. - tb lta future trlth unqURllfled conddenca nnd 2op. I measure back over the years to the -'charter of peaoo that illumined Its begln- ' bJurs. I balance Its good and Its bad, In the t t brlsht days and In the dnrk days, nnd the (i0 lever of roodnoss sinks through the full arc. ,. , X count the landmarks on the upward march, , - c&oh' surer, better- than the one before. I Rl ivlew the rising tide of prosperity andcontent; ''the lonjr line of artisans, from the far-back , aires down; the uplift of industry; the sturdy I manhood and the skill of hand. I add the ,.; -emoklng- chimneys and the outroaphlnR rails ttkt that meet on the horizon. A great city, and, ''"more than that, a home consecrated by fam WT Hy traditions reaching back to tho first sct- uemenis ana me graauai enricnmeni in- ., hercnt in thrift and courage. PitttfT I believe In Philadelphia. I believe In Its homes, in its Ideals, in its principles, in its Dui-Tjose. In Its leadership. I bellevo in its ln- ' BnlMillnM in AtM..tnn T t.tlat.A In tta wrwAt T leges, its libraries and Its culture. I bellevo a In its destiny. I believe in the conscience of 4J its people, in their ability to distinguish be tween right and wrong, In their civic pride, In their capacity for self-government, In kYittiA,wl"lr laiui, znnienai n-nu apiriiuai I bellevo n. Jj. tn lhnA nrnl fnntrtrlaa hr.lrlilnir ramnlrn nrrl ffiw ' "'"" i.'- .i,w..w-, -.. ...o . - tho ability of the men in them to lead tho eWorld In their art. I believe that tho greatest "prpductlvo city In America will become the greatest productive city In tho world. I be lieve that here the whole paraphernalia of SS ..... .. .. ..... metropolitan development win reacn ilb iiiku- Ai.i est point. I believe in the port, In the neces- pi'jc aity for It and the surcness of its growth. ! I believe In service, the service of every citizen In behalf of the great civic entity of stele which he Is a part. I believe that graft and -"V Its lntlmato errors will be eliminated, that !!, Tinti!ftnnl rflaflBa mWpli ritmnln nmonc i' .... . . . tts will be anven out. i Dcneve in tne uputt of the tenements, the snreadlnc of our edu- parks, playgrounds, efficient police protec- rfcjt tlpn, excellent fire service, fair rents, taxes pot onerous, and a spirit of helpfulness. ',, .. . All these things r believe, and moat of all gf, do I believe in the citizens of Philadelphia. JThalrs is the character that makes the city, Bm4 -what they are, tho city Is. What their nwblldren are. the city will be. a fJVt Philadelphia, December 18. 4V ,, ' , a ' Tha Snantinn Not in Pnnnmn i-iECItETARY GARRISON'S statement that trt'i rO he "cannot too strongly emphasize the li.act that there has been nothing whatever sensational ' In the .Panama atroir, refers, of i' ., course, to the situation which led up to F2 Co'?15'! Goethala' request for ships. The ' " aa' arguing yhother the judgment of "" h man who bull the Panama Canal could .ii relied on or no . r i S- i7rAi ' mrtytr KnAvrc TTim rt, v . . :. ' . i you c j see mm on me suoway any time. JHe la da agent of the chiropodist, weight jmjMS jnd. brogans number 10. The greater fcr vwn mw fvkb, . vrf..uu)tji v ge, a. plunge and then the misery of ten- toes! Tes, he can do more damage in ten ntci ttlnn -tlpflt alin4 An In m rnh "Eke way I The heavywela-ht toa cnuhot- la Rf workl And finally, when he has done all J"' the damage that can be donf, he becomes the eat bog, takidg a dime's worth of seat, although he has paid but a nickel. If there '" -vre but one of him the Injured public might fr well afford to buy him an automobile and H11Tay tot its upkeep, but of bis tribe there are fany. Probably lie la not selfish and does sat mean to be dangerous, but his intentions have nothing- to do with his depredations Be-ware! He may be on yur car. England Annexes the Phaiaolis "rnOTPT of the far-away Hybso, of Uwej. XU yf SJateJin. ef Ilarun-aURaJhld, has now ky formal decree pas4 under tb Proteo tyratfc of Ofat Britain. Bver sJnee tt Beg tasd ha had paramount InSoe-nee ta Hgypt, ahul Turfaey ojainiad isralnty and ths )Ot4.ve Wft allowed to owtduot atjalxs of fa4 wits eui OriMtal display. The ,ajy eouotry that oaight have objeoied to ;a awtJon 1 Franoe; buf under 0Ouwsta' Frane le all too wllUng to toOw dh oa. bly of ait th QMuitrie involved tu WW Krypt b4 m I 8Mn by rwto aUelilely amOnl Aul oltn(nJy Bryit IH4 try joaaott to k loyal U RngUimi Ailar oanj tofay 0cd fc JfegMa twoujrli! i.-i e to Jyyt fraa ta aelta uf tav 2K Hit a .. fartser rooW u( the ,;(jitii- MUlw i, ,f Ootl&ra w sut ui tl. lvj 1 f Jva.glnj CrW'Oi! Jlii la htmt'' i a J .lt ! iM4lB te- -jjs i. , 8 j. jAi, ita, lu t ii.i ifwwit tht txi -- -Batt:. I T" ' "'laallafMaWattlSaaataWaat hiiF MllTjiMlaWaffilirnlllaaBVilit limHi illl liaaWMMfflllkllf laaM laaMa aaaaWMfw'laWH from bankruptcy and made It nflluent And yet England's attitude wns only advisory and directive. ' Tho Khedive, Influenced by the Sultan of Turkoy ai ox'orlord and head of the Moslems, made n falso move when ho consented to tho Holy War. It Is difficult to sco how Great Britain could do other than depose hint and nnnex his ancient kingdom. As a strategic move tho action was necessary, and consider'' lug all tlint England has Invested In Kgypt, the annexation will appear to the world as measure of Justice. The Ilalc Decision Tltn rate decision Is certain to ntlmutnlo prosperity. Railroading Is second In Im portance only to agriculture In the United States. The sums invested In It nro so vast that their status sympathetically n fleets all money markets and almost all of tho great productive Industrie?. Unless the railroads are prosperous tho country cannot bo pros perous. Even bumper crops cannot over come the depression thnt results from lean ness In tho railroad world, and this has been abundantly proved In tho last few years. Of all the States In tho Union, no other is so much affected by tho decision an Pcnn sj'lvanln. Tho grcnt Iron nnd steel Indus tries havo beon dormant during the stag nation In railroad progrers. There have been signs hero nnd thero of rovlvnl, es pecially slnco the war began, but It has been renllzed fully that until the railroads could again becomo heavy buyors thero would be no rebound to normal conditions. So far as unemployment In this State In concerned, the decision Is likely to havo nulck ond beneficent effects. Tho exceptions In tho general advnnco al lowed aro well taken. Tho coal-carrying roads have not been able to show starva tion. On tho contrary, their earnings havo been amply sufficient, nnd there Is no dis interested rato export who would feel that the traffic was not paying Its way and pay ing It handsomely. It may bo doubted If tho roads seriously expected advances In this class of freight. The exception, never theless, reduces tho estimated yield from the Increases, nnd Instead of an increased revenue of $50,000,000 not more than $30,000, 000 will be received- It Is not usual for higher rates to stimu late shipments. The economics of railroad ing Is peculiar, however, and thero need be no fear that the R per cent, advance will reduce tho volume of freight. Instead, there Is likely to be nn Increase, due to a number of factors, not the least Important of which will be tho general Improvement In nil lines of business Induced by the greater purchas ing power of tho roads. It Is difficult to follow Commissioner Clement's argument that the need of tho roads for money is no reason whatever why they should get it. It Is a very vital reason, for tho wholo theory of rate-making be comes worthless when onco tho fact Is established that In practice the resulting, revenue is Insufficient. Tho Government does not guaranteo profits, but It certainly does guarantee not to legislate profit out of quasi public business by arbitrary exaotlons. The roads find themselves faced with a new responsibility to tho public. They must mako good In service nnd management They must rid tho country of the kind of administration which has sent two or throe systems Into bankruptcy amid clouds of scandnl. The better ronds have been tho vicarious- 'victims- of moral delinquency tn the conduct of other roads In tho matter of economics, the public Is likely to Insist that tho Postpfflco hereafter pay tho roads for services rendered, and do not. In order to mako a good showing, shunt onto the shoulders' of commuters and others tho burden of paying to compensate for the refusal of a Government department to play fair. The general opinion will be. too, that tho decision Introduces a now factor into tho commutation situation, though not Into general passenger rate conditions, of Huch Importance that a ro'hearing by the Publlo Service Commission, now set for early In January, Is more than ever necessary. Unless nil signs fall nnd the reasoning of commercial leaders Is grievously at fault, the first big shove to the prosperity car has been given. Jews Coming Into Their Own DR. RICHARD GOTTJIEIL Is probably correct in predicting that tho war will eolve the Jewish problem In Europe and Asia. For one thing, it has proved that the essential element of Judaism is not distinc tively racial, but religious. Tho Jews living Jn America, for Instance, aro as genuinely and patriotically American as the New Eng enders or Virginians, their distinguishing feature being their religion and the habits of thought and oustom that belong to their religion. And they havo as much right to practice that as have tho Catholics or Prot estants to enjoy and live their respective faithsr. ' There are as many as 150,000 Jews In the Ruiilan army, and the Jews of Germany, Austria, France and Bervia are proportion ately loyal and patriotic. The antl-Semltlc prejudice must die away In the face of such facts. And when the war is over it ought to be comparatively easy to give back to the Jews their shrine and to allow them once more to feel the pride of poeston In a land that means more to them in historic and religious association than any other land does to any other people, rnertean Chris tians will be the first to rejeloe if Palestine can once again belong to the children of Israel. It was nothing hut a raid, but England wants no more of tljem. i The cost of the modern submarine has reached tl.S60.OM, but a modern dreadnought costs from lli.090.0-W to 6J6aVW. Ultimatums at Naao will do no goodthe Mexicans are too used to them. What Is needed la discipline. . It the RuaslAW foght as wall as thalr writers imagljw the war would have been over long ag- The rtr6BiatlvM of toe wwwjuUrs have asked 16 enibarrawlBg questions, not to oouat the- sukdivlsl.0113. M1v 1- How RjoeveU, Mtr tb ttcttun "th Hag shall ttur pot raw gnash his taetb over the rfrt it 4M "Vic) Governor of tb PMHpBhass' that tar island are not worth !MkWg1 pwaaps in reason why the PAitolo Ds iMrtmsne ia & aiatovs to attafc tr gajttsa is that it hasn't paid th. 0444. HNiM cojaigtfap) it sJriwtr m. Tfc i ttw gW of BpxwMPiavtire JgJtPapp'a efca:. Th tntwstaw i -oBmirf GaMRaJaate hs SilSpefded lb lrupov4 lAMBat IB -um the rtaitiuwrx ami nat Ajrm ii i. , - .-..-T ,,, i fcs vnw ysffinaa , " ?psa t"s vj " a.. wetfj, ,aaaasBBr hjk.m . mj f. ,.,.. , hushf smfc8Ui, (?, aw up t -. ta ,mi. . Till nig iiffli " m 'fff aLASEA. msJiria2 mamraamaaBf 3- .-ire i mi oTiiiF3 'T-FiTr-rT i nMwiinifliiiiiiiiii iraranniT. mi im'i i m laiatfir ., aaa -&rniBti -.aaaaaBKaaHaaaaaaaEuHaBHaHUasaasnaaaaaBawBssaaBBLv a a tu iiim nuMMWiaa - -flEssaaaaaaK esiaaasasaaasaiaHMaasHHi a i1 " i mm .... . m -. - i& si-ewX. . .nMiinH i imMMUMn nn"i mnMfiniiiniTift aiiiiif m.. iiiiniwMhu"fflasBa .-aa&eiataMsaaiaHHBi&aHa r-.. snsasac FOIL IS THE LAW ' 0F SUCCESSFUL LIFE When Nature Ordained That Man Must Acliievo'Ilfs Miracles by Hard Work Sho Gave Him the Key of the World's Progress. ' By JOSEPH it. ODELL "milANK GOD every morning when you JL got up," wrote Charles Klngsley, novel ist, scientist and historian, "that you havo something to do that day which must bo done, whether you tike It or not. Being forced to work, and forced to do your best, will breed In you temperance, self-control, strength of will, content and a hundred other virtues which tho idje never know." Tho world owes no man a, living. Just to pay one's debt for tho benefits of civilization will tax every power that the strongest man pos sesses. To throw oneself upon tho charity of the community or upon the bounty of rich ancestors Is the act of a qownrd or a thief. The dlfferenco between tho weekly wage earner nnd the man who Inherits money Is only a difference of when the wago Is paid; tho lowly worker la paid after his work Is done, tho one who Inherits wealth Is paid .In a lump before he begins his task; It Is doubly dishonorable for tho born-rich to be lazy, becauso ho steals his wages and breaks tho code of honor to hoot. Sir Joshua Reynolds, tho artist, said: "If you havo great talents, Industry will Improve them; If you havo but moderate talents, In dustry will supply their deficiency. Nothing Is denied to well-directed labor; nothing Is to bo obtained without It." Thalborg, tho musician, said that he never played a selec tion In public until he had rehearsed It 1500 times. When some one was talking nbout a certain person as being a mlraclo of genius, Sydney Smith broko In upon the speaker, saying, "Yes, he Is a mlraclo of genius because he is a mlraclo of labor; be causo. Instead of trusting to tho reources of his own single mind, ho has ransacked a thousand minds; because ho makes use of tho accumulated wisdom of the ages, and takes as his departure tho very last lino and boun dary to which science has advanced; because It has nlways been the object of his llfo to assist every Intellectual gift of Nature, how over munificent and however splendid, with every resource that art could suggest and every attention that diligence could bestow." The Promise of Youth Lord Macaulay somottmes wrote for 12 hours nt a stretch. "I have made myself what I am by Intense labor," ho Bald. John Ruskln onco remarked, "When I hear a young man spoken of as giving promlso of high genius, the first question I ask about him Is, 'Does he work7' " Byron declared, "Tho only genius I know anything about Is to work IB hours a day." Speaking of him self, Alexander Hamilton said' "People some times attrlbuto my success to genius. AH the genius I know anything about Is hard work." Daniel Webstor testified; "Work mado mo what I am. I never atp a bit of Idle bread In my llfo." At tho age of 47 Edison could say: "Judg ing by tho standards of tho ordinary man's working day, I am muoh older than I look. Tho average working day Is eight hours long. For 21 years I havo averaged 19 hours per day. That makes me 82 years old. I con tlnuo to And my greatest pleasure, and no my reward. In tho work that precedes what the world calls success." Nowhere Is It more truo than In business that the foundation of all prosperity and suc cess Is hard work. The young man who gives the minimum of time to his occupation or profession in order to give tho maximum to pleasure is headed straight for disaster. Between tho ages of 20 and 40 It Is almost Impossible for a man to work too hard; un less something has perverted his nature, any man will glory In tho amount of work ho can do. All big fortunes rest upon hard labor. It took Johns Hopkins seven years of the itinst drudging toil to make his first $800; Andrew Carnegie spent the first 18 years of his business life in tolling like a slave to accumulate J1000; Cecil Rhodes got hold of his first mine only after 15 years of unremit ting effort; Peter Cooper, working 16 hours a day, was earning only 9 a week after 10 years; Adolph Sutro spent nine years of the most terrific labor in driving his tunnel to drain the abandoned "Comstock" mine; Charles Broadway Rouss always rose at 4 a. m. and worked for 14 hours without inter mission. Killing Time Is Suicide These examples aro sufficient to prove that hard, steady and well-directed work is the key to progress. The easiest way to spoil to morrow Is to waste today. Killing timo is tho surest way of committing business sui cide. Nature makes few mistakes. Han was made for work. Every faculty, every sense, every nerve and every muscle Is planned for a definite purpose and fitted for specific use. The physical system Is a set of skilful and highly tempered tools, and the will Is the master workman who uses them. They may wear out in course of time, but tho will rust out much more quickly. Non-use Is misuse and misuse is abuse. "If you want knowl edge," said Ruskin, "you must toll for it; if food, you must toll for It; and If pleasure, you must toll for It; toll Is the law." The man who shirks or slurs his work because it does not Immediately pay large wages will end by having neither work nor wages, be cause ho will have become a poor workman. Idleness spells inefficiency. The very worst result of the habit of carelessness or Indiffer ence Is not felt by the employer, hilt by the worker himself, for by not doing everything to the best of his ability he soon loses the ability to do anything well. Colonal Coethal Job Ffj the Waahlmton Tlmu. vtaaninnon Tlmu, it to be demonstrated whether Colonel is as good a dlpJonwt as he lsren ihether he knows his International law It IS yet Qoethala ii glneer. whether he knows his International law as well as he doa the butkUng of a canal But It Is to be tahJ. on the evidwwe at hand, that be tutelar the same energy and detanoiaa. lien about managing nd protecting hi canal that he did in building it Colosei Qoethala' demand for sons destroyers te do seout work in the effort to enforce neu trality iguU.t!oa does not by any neaps in ttteata that einbarraislns complication with HT s ths warring eountrlas ar la sight; but It dMS suggest that tbla country needs to be atriet and insistent in exercising it authority. Aiming Problem Vttuu th Mllwaulna Joiu-ual. Tk liMtaslnx Haws af the war, Its reUat lc (KoaMMftioa, aBjbstttr how areat the aaort. taea, maaa that mtOlm of aureptans are wo, Iny ta r frM iht Htuatt as soon as the oftMaBS ef fc var wW arBtt 'WmA at slHiog hardUg in altl and vwnt ' Bsar-starratlon waaM, (hey aiut h .takajft ts Um unjt4 sMk oi Um wat VuHm4 nasniryiax tha housing, hlth and toot lirve o( tb Utlca iby ahvrtiid uo trIUut cnl(rtn.j lo tha (M-oducuos of tow) With iba lll(4i,i uabiu ef lEwroeaajss u tL umm -H- 'it- h Jl-srt) j;;ded iitiltit of tj.il' tua mta tii. uliaba wvudtj-iijj! , ' taa blp oi ib iaff mWtlMtiea: g TO HIM WHO HATH - ? . y mi , ? I ti f-rM 5tS!iSfwr at 4w-"ifJi?l5BITrra JJS!vC?5SElir H lMHroMf i a -- i!j Increasing number after the war. Europe will then be much less tolerable to them. These also should be distributed under tho beneficent hand of Uncle Sam, whenever their lack of financial resources or lack of information fall to place them in the right spot. Tho representatives of Uncle Sam should know Just where places are open In every city nnd farm nook of the country and see that tho newcomers reach them. Our coming Immigrant problem should be studied now and remedies found before tho human flood engulfs us at the close of tho war, AMERICAN HEN A SACRED BIRD The Pot of Gold at the End of the Egg-Rainbow, and the Way Thither. 1ET us admit as tho first premise that tho J Amorlcan hen is both a sacred and an imperishable Institution. Sho produces a half billion or so of wealth a year, more than 200 eggs per capita for our entire popu lation, and nn immense total of broilers, roasters and casserolo and frlcasseo by products. What part of this fabulous wealth aro jou getting? Havo you a llttlo poultry-yard back of our house? For jou, If jou want to, can mako that Oregon hen that estab lished a world's record by averaging an egg a day for a year look sick and measly, anemia and Inefficient. It will mako you tired to contemplate how boastful were the faculty of tho Oregon Agricultural College over the achievement of that pampered hen. That. Is always tho trouble with scientific tests. They are perpetually at varianco with your own proven equations. They rob the poultry Journals, circulars and catalogs of their romance, glvo the lie to your success ful egg-producing neighbor and genernllyi upset tho happy balances of the universe. Why, everi' day you are reading advertise ments of guaranteed layers, guaranteed set tings, guaranteed egg foods. Everywhere you go In the country the landscape Is speckled with poultry, and then there Is that half-bllllon a year. Somebody Is get ting It, and why not dig In for your share? It Is my aim and design to encourage rainbows. Without rainbows this llttlo old cosmos of ours would be a sad and dismal sphere. The American egg-rainbow Is In deed of incalculable Intrinsic worth. It has a far greater effect In keeping down the price of eggs than any cold-storage con spiracy you ever read of. I know that from my own brother's experience, backed up by the experience of three aunts and one coustn. Thoy all raise eggs and sell some of them. They have fresh eggs on their table and now and then they kill a rooster and stew It. They rarely kill a hen until It has lapsed six months In tts functions as a layer. My brother Is a sentimentalist and chloroforms them. He built a box for this purpose at considerable cost. That, of course, la aside from the rainbow. This is pertinent. I have been over their books with all these blood relations and find that It costs none of them more than SO cents a dozen as a yearly average to pro duce fresh eggs. When egs were down to 30 cents a dozen fresh eggs they held up this average finely. We were forced Into algebraic equations to unravel the cost of these home-raised table delicacies. The stew chickens did not top 40 cents a pound, excluding necks and feet, but including bones. There had been enough broilers sac rificedboth pullets and cockerels during visits of rich relatives to take care of an Insignificant deficit, keeping the net cost down to a little less than l a pound. My brother hsd not trenched deep enough with his wire entanglements to repel wea sels, and when he had added this safeguard he suffered slightly, from an invasion of ellrn rats. Ha oheertully met this exigency by providing a wire of finer mesh, and had practically rebuilt his flock when they all came down with the roup. He fought roup, pip and hen-bronohltts with great skill, and today I am sure he Is qualified to take the pulse of and nreserlba for every breed of chicken, known upon the first appearance of any gup of 704 or so symptoms of record. It has always bean a profound mystery to me why John D. Rockefeller did not buy a sure-tWBg agg-produclng fleck after ha had saved that first thousand dollars. He njgfet have eorftM-Mi tfi American sea KHBaftow, and I 4wbt If Ms oil wea are producing qnlU batf bqilan a ys, Tbla km rainbow tauat aevar be allowed to grow Atnv It la a national assat. It pro duces at leaat flWtMOW in wealth a year at the eest of not aore tnau tsO6,0,9i tu the proauvra But U.te 1 aa ttaoneaaa trufit In ibis Ks tr iie ttr almpl.9 r mQh th" tr ' leant tuf.-.dQmv worth S t,3.!;tVr WITH THE RED American Society's Snlcndid Work a By J. C. SINCE tho beginning of the war the Ameri can National Red Cross has expended ap proximately $500,000 in Europo. By tho end of tho present year the expenditures' will amount to moro than J760.00O. The offer of tho Red Cross to send doctors and nurses and supplies was accepted by all the countries' affected by tho war, and In August It was determined to send a ship loaded with relief supplies for tho stricken people. At flfst tho Intention was to secure one of tho army transports of the United States for this service; but this was found to be Impracticable, as theso ships were em ployed In bringing American refugees out of tho war zone. Tito Hamburg-American Lino thon offered one of Its' finest vessels for tho Bum of $1, and the offer was accepted. Thero wns delay in dispatching the ship be cause of tho protests mado by tho Ambassa dors of Franco nnd Germany on acount of tho nationality of tho crew, and these protests imposed a very considerable expense, as un necessary as It was unexpected, upon tho Red Cross, which was compelled to organize a new crow and pay the discharged crew a full month's wages. Tho fault-finders, with out any knowlodge of tho facts, severely criticised tho Red Cross for this unavoidable expenditure. Whon tho ship, which had beon rechrlsten ed "Red Cross," got away on September 13, It was loaded to tho gunwales with supplies, and carried doctors and nurses. To know how thoroughly the expedition had been lit fitted, this manifest of the cargo is worth reading: 11J.SC0 pounds (CCS bales) absorbent cotton. 198.450 pounds (2103 bales) non-absorbent cotton, 19,400 pounds (140 cases) bandages. 431,000 yards ,(9S cases) gauze. 2104 stretchers. 4000 cans chloroform and ether. 6 cases vaseline. 3 cnaes adhesive plaster. 21 gallon iodine. 6 cases surgical supplies, 17 cases miscellaneous supplies, Hospital Once a Gambling Palace The Bhlp carried; 10 units of surgeens and nurses. A unit Is an arbitrary term, and means 3 surgeons and 12 nurses, so that there were 30 surgeons nnd 12Q nurses' on the Red Cross. The first landing was made at Falmouth, Englnnd, whence the two units Intended for Russia were dispatched by devi ous routes' to their destination at Kiev, 450 miles east of the southern Russian army, where they are attending a military hospital supplied with 800 beds. On tbelr arrival In Russia the surgeons were required to change their uniforms to the Russian gray or slate.colored habits, and were made officers in the Russian Red Cross, Tha two English units were dispatched to the hospital at Paignton, South Devonshire, established by the American wives of Eng lishmen. From Falmouth the ship went to Paulllac, the port of Bordeaux, where 100 tons of supplies were discharged for the French Red Cross! and for the American Em,, basijy at Paris, Six surgeons and 24 nurses .were sent to Paris, where they were assigned to a hospital which wasformerly a gambling palace. At Rotterdam the units and supplies for Austria, Germany and Belgium were landed. The Belgian supplies were sent to Ghent, and were, probably captured by the Germans four days later. The units for Austria and Ger many wars ant to Berlin, where they di vided Qne of the Austrian units is at the Imperial and Itoyal Rwervo Heepjtal, No. 8, in "Vienna, arid the other is at Budapest. Qne of the German units Is a( Glerloitr. la Qer ipan Silesia, and' the other Is at Oosei. The hospital at the former place was formerly a theatre. There are 43 American surgeon and 1G American nurses now engaged kj the sarvloa of the Aawiean Red Cross U tfce slaropean hiwpUaV. The surgaans wlfo. jtttie4 M the first bp raprsaaat M of th Aiwicaj guui Ths smrs-eona sail this vyfc te Join those alraady W th SeJA. J latmhw tr unit sonsictiiig f wew4 and W Bunas, wr Mot to ttarrlit, sod found their way to Bejgr&da The obier units, atauuiuig Q( a ujrgtiona and 13 aunt war am to aWtl on Ho ember H "'bwi h fai ay faliicg - i it-m t l-jUt-i wf lam Aai9fui WO' Surgeons and Nurses Into Midst of War Tells Experiences. "iy CROSS IN EUROPE n rmsvs. Army Officer Who Conducted .At ' HEMPHILL geons, trained in tho host schools c-fc th m United States, havo offered themselves tath, Ameilcan Red Cross for service In the fioid,-' In addition, 6500 American -women, who atei trained nurses, have volunteered. It has fcen ' determined by tho authorities that rig more 3 surgeons and nurses will be sent except on tne application of tho Red Cross In the coun tries at war, or with their approval. lnci September S medical equipment and hospital'; supplies have been forwarded to Europa by " 20 ships that have been dispatched from thp United States. In the Mitht of War Tho Red Cross ship was In command of Captain Armlstead Rust, U. S. fc., retired, and the Red Cros3 personnel was under tho speclallcaro of Major Robert U. Patterson, of the United States Army, who haa toon de tached for service with the Red Cross. Major Patterson's professional attainments and his most acceptable work with thu army in thai Philippines and elsewhere in the field have eminently qualified him for the great Tork ! which ho is now engaged. Ho tells a moving story of the Red Cross expedition to Eija rope tho tense excitement of the doctors I tho nurses on their way to tho relief wounded and dying mop In Europe, tho de tlon of the nurses going to the hospital without thought of themselves and the!' privations, but only of .their opportunity help savo tho unfortunate. When the Red Cross ship reached mouth, Admiral Ward, U. S. N took genet charge of the ship, nnd rendered most ceptablo service, his gifts as a linguist, lit long service at sea and his knowledge mon and -emotions especially fitting him 1 the part he played In connection with t! cruise of charity. Major Patterson says that wherever th! Red Cross people went they werq recetvelj witn outstretched arms. In England th whole body of surgeons and nurses were most handsomely entertained, and in the countrUy which, so to say, were under fire, they i warmly welcomed. Major Patterson saw a great many of wounded in English, French, German and Dutch hospitals, He wns Impressed by number of men who had been wounded It tho back, not because they had been i ning from the enemy, but because they been ntruck by tho fragments of shells whl in tho trenches. Nearly all the wounds it celved were Infected, because unlike the lo? dlera In the United States service, the mis had not been equipped with the little pafkfl wnicn every American soldier must have his equipment a sort of first aid ;o tha in jurea. e could not speak the qerman guage ana converse with the Gerrai wounded, whom he saw In the hospitals, he found among th English, Scotch Irish with whom he talked a unanimous v for recovery, that they might return tp tli firing line. So far as he could dtrmin thl was the wish nearest their hearts, and It 5 courageq, or course, a disposition wh neipea towarq recovery. "War ana Other News From th Nrw Terk Tim.. Tt would be Interesting- if some pychol(iie utkfvan puuiu lurura out juti wnat prci age of International Irritation. Ja)ouy, etll and mtaunderatandlna- la uraataA hv tha ec taut tabling from ona country to anethtr ,.i(imiBuii vmg a important. THE CRICKET AND THE M00?(' unoe m a country far aoro tha op Ma, AttU 9!y year ago. !IA.WM. ?. "troI"9 niaitri boy with ealy HI violin and bow. Clad In a suit Qf rusty Waak ha wanAerad Frora town to town hv div. And slept beneath the tra ta ojn w4j Oa as fu lira f0 4aamAa 1 19 -. W 4iee)tuii, no-y. lLVrcd b,i WrMwwn lar vti m uviv wtaj 9B IRA i, Ha diad for lav of h. suu ia a emt or rusty Waok h wx4 In mofcy fc-s-rdana old, Au4 plavi bjith soma dara 4t4 ! t " " hi tr.altj tvtaa u,l T5f tut, r " vUid ao4 ita ( j ms ,tjaa 8J o.i at I. a ai ia AJxi js la aaa m -mmsmm,. . . i K" mmi lVJP W