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Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, January 25, 1915, Night Extra, Image 8

Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1915-01-25/ed-1/seq-8/

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Itmung HHg tfoitrjcr
CTitt'd a. Jt cuims, tjuibes.
Jehfi C. Martin, Tresiurert Churlcs II tudlnitton,
ptilllrt B Collin", John D William. Director--
""" " EOlTOniAti BOARD I
Ctaus It. It. Ccsns. Chairman.
P. K. wTT,At.ET. . Eiccutlra Editor
30UN C JtAHTIN .general Business Manager
rubllthxt dally at PcaUo l,tMia nullAlnr,
Independence Square. Philadelphia.
ttMn Catrsit, .Broad and Chestnut Street
AiMStic Cttf ri-t;mo Building-
'TJaW Yoaic ,.... 170-A, Metropolitan Tower
CiitiMoo 817 Home Insurance Bulldlne
Lomcom . . i , 8 Waterloo riace. Tall Mall, S. Vf.
irtaEl BrnwtT .......The Tatrtot nulMltig
WantKTOM Bciiuo.. ............ .The roit Building
fjrir Tone: BCiB... ........ ...The Tlmn UulMlnic
niUN Ddiuu ....no FrledrichKtrajM
I.ondov iluntlO.. 2 rati Mall Haat, B. W,
Plats Bcsuu.. ..........33 Hue Louis le Grand
sunsciuntoN temh
Br carrier. Ditti Oklt, nix centa. Br mall, postpaid
outside of Philadelphia, except where foreign pontage
la required, DAILY ONT.T, one month, twenty-live cental
Daily ONLr, on year, three dollara. All mall aub
crlptlona parable In advance.
Or AiArttt all communication to Evening
Zfigtr, Irutettndtnc Stuart, PMladttpMa.
sxtxud At mx rnitiDELrnii rosTotnca as sccond
ctisa uiil KiTTPt.
rniLAPKLTillA, MONDAY, JAHUAnV 35, 191S.
No woman need be afraid of the man who U
alto In love tcith Ms tcork.
A New Hjbrid for the Donkey
DEMOCRATIC Senators havo made the
PreertdcntfB ship-purchaso bill n party
measure. Had It been proposed by n, Repub
lican Administration tho shaded of Jefferson
and Jackson would have been Invoked end
lessly In opposition. Thoro Is only one good
thing about tho bill and that Is Us perfectly
open Indefensibility.
Its pnrpooo is to npbutld tlio merchant
moxlno; Its effect would be to destroy It. It
avowedly is Intended to embark tho nation
fax an economically unsound enterprise It
proposes a, controlling1 board In which tho
Secretary of tho Navy will not havo mem
bership, although tho assumption is that ho
Knows as much about shipping as the Sec
retary of the Treasury. It Is a sod mixture
of hysteria, fallacy, politics and prejudice
with somo Bops for special Interests thrown
In for lagnappo.
If tho Democratic party wants to stake Its
chances In 1816 on a hybrid of this Bort, it Is
likely to be for tho Republicans what Theo
dore Roosevelt was for tho Wilsonltcs in
Take the Shackles From Neutral Trade
EVERT person who wishes the United
States to prevent the sale of supplies to
tho belligerents ought to read the admirable
exposition of1 the rights nnd duties of neu
trals with which the State Department's ex
planation of the course of this Government
since tho beginning of the war concludes.
This splendid document explains every
charge of violation of neutrality and meets
tho objections of those who have been in
sisting that wo have been helping tho Allies
at the expense of Germany and Austria-Hungary.
It Is clear that there has been a con
sistent nnd earnest determination on the part
of tho Government to treat all parties with
equal fairness, whllo maintaining tho right
of tha United States to continue to do busi
ness in spite of tho war. There has been no
letting down to favor ono belligerent at tho
expense of another and there has been no
concession In any completed transaction to
a demand that tho Government interfere
with tho rights of any of its citizens to do
.business with any of tho belligerents. Tho
critics of tho Administration might say that
there have been One or two cases of interfer
ence; but 'whatever has been done has been
done from an excess of caution and from a
determination that there Bhould be no excuse
to charge us with favoritism.
The Important part of the document is the
concluding paragraph. In which it is stated
with positive directness that whatever ad
vantage Great Britain may enjoy Is due to
tho superiority ,of the British navy to tho
navies of Germany and Austria-Hungary,
& superiority that enables tho Allies to com
mand the seas and to secure tho safe con
duct of munitions of war. And it is denied
that any obligation rests upon this Govern
ment to prevent trade In contraband, and
thus equalize the difference due to the dif
fering1 naval strength of the belligerents. Not
only doeo no duty rest upon this Government
to take sruch a course, but It would be an un
neutral act under tho circumstances and
make the United States an ally of Germany
and Austria-Hungary.
There) la no doubt whatever that this doc
ument states tho view of the men responsi
ble) for th policy of the Government in
'Washington, and there is no doubt either that
all efforts to induce Congress to forbid tho
export of monitions of war will bo futile,
tor the) Government has not allied ltsolf with
tho British and it will not ally Itself with
Germany. And It will defend the rights of
American citizens to sell their products to
Whoever will buy them. If they are contra
band, the) purchaser must take tha chances
f ratting them.
"What the Sea Fight Alcana
rnHB important fact to be noted in connec
JLtlon with Sunday's naval battle is that It
was fought oft the coast of Holland, The
British fleet la not hugging the shores of
England, timidly expecting a German raid.
It is patrolling the German coast on the
North Sea in an effort to draw the German
fleet out to battle. If It Is foggy on the Brit
ish coast It may be clear off WUhelmahaven
And a raiding fleet can be detected befora
Its gets' far from its base. If it la foggy off
Wllhelmshaven it may be clear oft tho Brit
ish coast and a German fleet can be re
pulsed by the ships at home. There will
hot be another Scarborough raid, if foresight
can prevent It,
Mr. Stotesbury as a Humorist
THERE are a few pessimists who, when
they heard or read Mr, Stotesbury's
speech at the Five o'clock Club, reflected
that many a true word is spoken in jest. But
the rest of the world, meaning those inter
ested In the doings of the Five o'clock Club
and its star speaker, knew that Mr. Stotes
bury was intending to test their capacity to
understand a joke. He maintained his pose
jf gloomy and. depressing seriousness to the
end in a way that not even Artemus "Ward
could havo equalled.
Business Is going to the demnltlpn bow
wows, according to this exponent of humor.
The whole world la out of joint and there la
no ine who sewn to have the wit to put ft
right Corporations fcav botw compelled to
rdms tfcjr dividend trow T Rr eejt. ta 6
per ,b , ftn4 Mao. wttfc HMWe to lvrf aws
sefcM tMtwrtfcy hewwMfwi wko wM w
ttWn ! t Of ja..r M 11 tf
bury know that there are more men who
want to- borrow monty than men vJho havo
It to lend nnd ha wns taking this Indirect
way to show how good but, no, wo Bhall not
go further, for the point of tho Joko is so
sharp that nn explanation would only blunt
It. It Is enough to remark that Mr. Stotes
bury surprised nnd dollghtcd his friends In
his now rote of humorist.
A Squnrc Deal Means n March Election
IT IS n remarkable transit program which
has been conceived nnd proposed.
It involves tho expcndlturo by tho munici
pality of moro than $45,000,000, yet bo ad
mirably adapted Is It to tho necessities of
Philadelphia, so skilfully does It measuro
and provido for tho several districts to bo
served, so fairly does It balanco public and
private Interests, that during tho long cam
paign of discussion not a slnglo volco of
moment has been raised In opposition to It
and ho man has ventured openly to galnsny
Its merits.
Tho program Is an agreement between tho
Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company and
the city. It bears, therefore, tho Indorsement
of tho traction experts who aro particularly
well versed In tho local situation. Tho
P. R. T. Is on record as favoring It, subject
to tho approval of a subsidiary, tho Union
Traction Company, which has waxed fat on
its earnings In this city and Is asked now to
do nothing moro than perform thoso func
tions which aro a corollary of Its frnnchlso
privileges, namely, tho extension of Burfaco
lines' normally required. Tho essonco of tho
theory that excuses monopoly In corporations
performing public service Is that this service
shall bo satisfactory, both in operation nnd
in extension, to meet tho needs of normal or
abnormal growth.
Councils has dodicatod ltsolf to support of
tho program by the appropriation for tho
relocation of sewers.
The people In a public mas3tnccting havo
de'clared themselves, not only for tho pro
gram as an ultlmato thing, but as an lmmo
dlato project, to bo begun at onco and rushed
to completion.
A clear majority of Councils have an
nounced themselves to bo In favor of tho
whole program, the poll having been con
ducted by tho Evknino DEDacn.
This majority Is entitled to record Its voto
on tho two ordinances now under considera
tion by tho Finance Committee
The people of Philadelphia aro entitled to
record their voto on the proposed $30,000,000
loan and to do It at tho oarllest possible
An election in March is what Philadelphia
wants and must get; an election In March
that there may be no pouring back of earth
into tho excavations made for the new sew
ors, no discontinuance of tho work onco
begun, no postponement for another year,
with tho possibility of another winter of
unemployment Instead of tho prosperity
which the work on so vast a public under
taking would ossuro.
Unless there aro subtle Influences sapping
tho will of Finance Committee; unless In
somo mysterious way sinister purposes And
support In that body, the ordinances must
be reported favorably at tho next meeting
of Councils. There is no politics In the un
dertaking, for all classes of thought and all
conditions of men are united In Its support.
For every obstructionist there are 10,000
workers In tho causo, 10,000 advocates of a
Greater Philadelphia. It cannot be that this
Insignificant minority has made Finance
Committee Its citadel and can crouch behind
it as a barrier to thwart the will of tens of
hundreds of thousands.
Tet bo tho matter stands. Finance Com
mittee at Its next meeting will show whether
It is for transit or against transit, for dig
ging this year or at some indefinite timo in
tho future, for a March election or a possl
blo June election.
Let every citizen watch. His aro the In
terests that aro to be forwarded or knifed.
Universal commendation for our representa
tives in the one case, condemnation as gen
eral in the other. Which It shall bo Is up to
tho Finance Committee first and thoreafter
up to Councils.
Schools No Place for Prayer Meetings
"piLJVy" SUNDAY showed his wisdom
XJwhen he objected to the attempt to
force the holding of prayer meetings In tho
high school buildings against tho protest of
a member of tho Board of Education. Thoro
are others beside the protesting member
who think that It would be a grievous mis
take to open the school buildings In this city
for "Billy" Sunday prayer meetings.
Whether It is right or wrong, need not be
discussed at this time, but the whole genius
of the American public school system is sec
ular and the American people aro most jeal
ous of Us freedom from religious domination.
Religion must be taught to the pupils In
other places than In the schoolhouses of a
great city, That tho leader in Jhe great
evangelistic movement here kept his hood In
a trying emergency is greatly to his credit.
Can it be that tho police ara guarding
"Billy" Sunday because the devil "has it in
for hlmr
One of the most gruesome contradictions
in these warlike times la the shipment of
cannon from Bethlehem.
The Arizona widower's pension law Is for
the protection of motherless children and not
to encourage second marriages.
Mr. Bryan seems to be aa much interested
in the deficiency Jn Domlnloan funds as in
the scarcity of Dominican offices for ''de
serving Democrats."
" " ' ' "
William Peon's autograph sold for $13$ on
Saturday, but there are many men in town
today whose autograph on the bottom of tho
right kind of a document would bring many
times that petty gum-
When the Cleveland physicist, who has
succeeded in eostrucing a pip organ which
can pro4uoe elgbt vowel sounda, gets the In
strument go far perfected that it can aiag, all
uuuble nlth church choirs will eeaae.
Experience in tho Lower Branch of
Congress Enables Them to Legislate
nt High or Low Speed, Thus Giving
Them a Decided Advantage.
i.i i '
I FEIVT suro that no one would "got
X m
mo" for saying so I would put down on
pnper right hero tho remark that, with tho
exception of lew than n half dozon Senators
(nnd you might cut that half dozen In two
and Btlll bo on Bnfo ground), thoro Is not a
member of tho Scnato distinguished by con
spicuous ability who has not served In tho
Or, to put tho proposition In another way,
thoro aro only n half dozen or less members
of tho Senato who havo reputations aa moro
Minn commonplaco legislators who woro liot
trained by experience In tho llouso of Repre
sentatives by Bcrvlco averaging 10 years.
Down nt tho tall end of this piece I ahall an
nex n pnrngrnph Giving tho names of Scnn
tora who woro former Representatives and
tho length of their Hotiso service, becauso 1
had to wndo through tho Congressional Dl
lectory to get this Interesting Information,
nnd whllo It docs not mnko a very good run
ning story In ItFolf I do not wnnt to havo
tho result of my arduous labor lost. As ono
will sea by critically examining that para
graph tho names of tho members npprarlng
therein, tlmt Is, Scnntors who hntl llouso
training, mako a rather complete list of
about nil tho Senators whoso names aro
familiar through their official activities.
Senatorial Touchdowns
It may bo bocauno of this early and oxtcn
slvo training In tho gnmo that thoso House
trained Scnntors have equal facility In going
slow or fast; thoy can dolay the game, or
mako touchdowns with amazing rapidity.
This statement may surprlso somo who rend
It, because thero has been so much criticism
of tho Senato for Its dollbcrnto movements.
Tho fact Is, however, that In tho nbsenco of
any rules to speak of, tho Senato, whon It
wnnts to do so, can transact moro business
In an afternoon that It Is posslblo for tho
House to transact In a month. It Is somo
times said that tho Scnato has no rules,
which Is not true, Btrlctly speaking; although
It Is truo that It runs along In an cnsy-golng
fashion a wholo session at a time without
any referenco to Its rules or any disturbance
resulting from tho fact that It has any.
Thero Is no doubt that tho States ropro
sented by Senators with Houso training nro
better represented than tho others. New York
Is an exception to this rule for reasons I
will not go Into for fear of making Invidious
comparisons, further than to say that Sena
tors Root and O'Gorman havo both had
training, extending over many years, which
equips them to tako caro of themselves and
Now York's Interest quite handily.
However, measured by brains and legisla
tive adroitness, Massachusetts Is probably
tho best represented Stato in tho Senato,
with Henry Cabot Lodge, who had eight
years' training In the House, and John Wln
gnte Weeks, who went directly from tho
Houso to tho Senato after 10 years' Houso
And It would not bo a very raw gucs3 to
say that perhaps Michigan Is, next to Mas- .
Bachusotts, as well represented as any Stnto;
and It can hardly bo a coincidence, merely
that Michigan Is ono of tho other fow States
having two Senators who havo had Houso
Norris' Talking ITnbits
Tho first noticeable difference one observes
In Scnntors who havo moved from ono end
of tho Capitol to tho other Is their manner of
speaking. George W. Norris, of Nebraska,
who moved over from tho House at tho bo
ginning of this Congress, when In tho House
could talk with that liveliness and emphasis
sometimes noticed in a batter who has had
a second strlko called on him when ho folt
certain tho ball had passed a yard beyond
tho corner of tho plato.
For 10 years In tho Houso ho hnd tho com
mon experience of members having three or
five minutes yielded to him to unbosom him
self of thoughts which could easily bo spread
over tho entire first pngo of a newspaper, and
under thoso conditions oven a naturally Blow
speaker gets a smart move on him. The
training had been too long and too severe
to let Its beneficiary abandon Its results at
onco and Senntor Norris In his early speeches
on the floor of tho Sennto spoko with a ra
pidity that astonished members nnd deeply
grieved tho official reporters.
Ho has already corrected tho habit and
now speaks with that deliberation wnrranted
by tho fnct that when ho once gets the floor
a Senator cannot bo "taken off his feet," as
tho saying Is, by anything short of a parlia
mentary earthquake. That seldom happens
In tho Senate.
Durton in the Author Class
And then thero Is that vory able citizen
who always carries a hammer especially
adapted for the purpose of knocking In tho
head of pork barrels, Theodore E. Burton, of
Ohio. Ho served in tho House for 16 years,
during 10 of which he was chairman of tho
Committee on Rivers and Harbors, and
necessarily had a great deal of talking to do.
And he could talk. The ablest of the Houso
official reporters had to be right on the edge
of his foot to keep abreast of Burton's tor
rent of words.
But now a coy mntden shyly murmuring:
"This Is so suddon!" Is a gatllng gun com
pared to tho serono deliberation of Senator
Burton In addressing tho Senate,' On Monday,
after the Sonato voted not to make the Dis
trict dry, Senator Burton rose and resumed
a speech on the ship purchase bill, which ha
had begun a week before, and tho manner
of his resumption was aa if ho had yiolded
tha floor for a minute for somo purpose, and
he continued as though ho had another week
in which to conclude, as, indeed, ho has if
ha wants It. By the way, Burton la an author
right In the class with Senator Lodge, nnd
Theodora Roosevelt, being with them a con-,
trlbutor to the "American Statesman" series,
his subject having been John Sherman, of
hia State.
William Cauied Surprise
J think thit John Sharp Williams, of MIs
slseippi, Is the only Senator who was ever a
House floorleader. Senator Williams was
minority flour leader in tho House for alac
years, arui that experience gave him a outs
little manner of havlngNome superior rights
wh)ch he carried over to the Senate, to tha
surpilse- of his fellow-merabera there. But he
has the wit to maintain this assumption in a
way which makes the Senate Democratic
leader, Kern, of Indiana, view him at timea
with alarm.
Altogether, I should say that an experience
in the IIoue gives a Senator a marked ad
vantage over nls fellows lacking that expert
enoe. The ex caption to prove the rule la the
ease of Smoot, of Utah An Intercut log chap.
that eamo Reed Smoot. It will bo recalled
that when ho took his scat, In 1003, his right
to sit In Congress wnn promptly nttneked on
tho ground that ho was a Mormon, and bo
cause of somo onths of allcglanco that ho
was supposed to havo taken, was not eligible.
The effort to oust him foiled, yet ono might
suppose that with such a handicap ho would
remain somewhat in tho background during
hh service
Nothing seemed to bo further from tho
mind of this banker and woolon manufac
turer, who hnd never had a day's experience
in any kind of political ofllco before ho was
elected to tho Scnato. Possibly it was bocnuso
his enemies thrcntencd his right to sit In tho
Scnnte at all that ho lesolvcd not only to
sit there, but to sit at tho head of tho tabic.
Tho plan ho pursued showed a very nice ap
preciation of human naturo. So far as ono
could observe It tho plnn merely was to mako
himself ngrccablo and useful to his fellow
Republicans. I havo many times .noticed
Senator Smoot when ho would bo absolutely
tho only Republican on tho floor besides tho
Senator making a speech, sitting near that
Senator, apparently In rapt attention and
helping him with his data nnd memoranda.
Smoot Sils at tho Head
I onco hoard a beautiful woman say In re
ply to tho question why sho liked a ccrtuln
man who seemed to lack likable qualifica
tions, "How can I help liking him? Ho has
been telling mo that I am beautiful, and that
ho loves me, for five years "
I never saw tho man referred to, but ho
would go a long way in politics by merely
working that Httlo plan with men upon
whom ho depended for prominence. It wns
not many years after Senntor Smoot showed
that ho liked all Republican Senators and
considered them beautiful, that ho began to
oxerclso tho powers and privileges of a
leader. Today no matter of Republican policy
In tho Senato is considered without Reed
Smoot sitting at tho head of tho conference
tablo; no partisan debate Intended for cam
paign purposes Is conducted without Reed
Smoot making tho keynote speech; no Re
publican Steering Commltteo Is formed with
out Reed Smoot being named Its chairman.
Ho Is not a brilliant speaker, but he Is thor
oughly Informed on all leglslatlvo matters,
and ho discusses them In n vigorous, busi
nesslike way, and that air of certainty which
comes from tho possession of ample and nc
curato Information.
Here's tho List
Hero Is that list of Senators who served
In tho Houso, tho figures following their
names Indicating the years of tholr service
as Representatives before thoy became Sen
ators In Congress. Mark Smith, of Arizona,
of course, was not a Representative from tho"
Stato of Arizona, but a delogato from tho
Territory of Arizona:
John Hollls Bankhead, Alabama, 20 years;
Marcus A. Smith, Arizona, 10 years; Joseph
Taylor Robinson, Arkansas, 10 years; John
F. Shafroth, Colorado, 8 years; Frank Bos
worth Brandegee, Connecticut, 6 years;
Thomas William Hardwick, Georgia, 12
years; James II, Lewis, Illinois, 2 years;
.Benjamin F. Shtvely, Indiana, 6 years; Otllo
M. James, Kentucky, 10 years; Joseph Eu
gene Ransdell, Louisiana, 14 years; Edwin
Chick Burleigh, Maine, 14 years; John Wal
ter Smith, Maryland, 2 years; Henry Cabot
Lodge, Massachusetts, 8 years; John Win
gato Weeks, Massachusetts, 10 years; Will
iam Alden Smith, Michigan, 14 years; Charles
E. Townsend, Michigan, 8 years; Knute Nel
son, Minnesota, 0 years; John Sharp Will
iams, Mississippi, 10 years; William Joel
Stone, Missouri, 6 years; Gilbert M. Hitch
cock, Nebraska, 6 years; Georgo W. Norris,
Nebraska, 10 years; Francis Q, Newlands,
Novada, 10 years; Jacob II. Galllnger, Now
Hampshire, 4 years; William. Hughes, New
Jersey, 8 years; F. M, Simons, North Caro
lina, 2 years; Asle J. Grona, North Dakota,
6 years; Theodore El Burton, Ohio, 16 years;
Morris Sheppnrd, Texas, 10 years; George
Sutherland, Utah, 2 years; Claude A. Swan
son, Virginia, 14 years; Miles Polndexter,
Washington, 2 years; Wesley L. Jones,
Washington, 10 years; Nathan Goff, West
Virginia, 6 years; Robert M. La Follette,
Wisconsin, 6 years; Isaao Stephenson, Wis
consin, 6 years; Clarence D. Clark, Wyom
ing. 4 years.
The Illiteracy Test
From tl Pltteburgh Poat.
According to caiefully, compiled statistics tha
highest percentage of illiteracy pniong Suro
pean nations la In Russia, Austrla-Hunfary and
Italy. That the original bill Ik aimed against
Immigration from these countries, dealgayi to
bar out these "undlrabls," m apparant The
President's opposition to the bill la worthy of
more than ordinary consideration in view of
the facta. Inasmuch aa most of the unskilled
labor which tho country needs is recruited from
among these illiterate races, the literacy teat
la objected to on economic grounds. Manifestly
tho country cannot get along- without this clasa
of labor, and to exclude this Immigration would,
it ia believed, be detrimental to Ita growth and
Wellington on Battle
Nothing except a battle lot can be half so
nieanbul u a buttle won -Wellington.
New Profession of Employment Manager "Will LTclp to Eliminate Business!
Waste and to Keep Workers Out of Blind Alleys.
WE HAVE had tho science of methods, of
materials and of machinery, and In all
thoso things Philadelphia, through Its staff
of management exports, has been foremost;
now wo aro to havo tho science of men. At
last tho employe, tho human clement, Is to
como Into his own as a factor In industrial
and commercial progress. Tho development
may require months, ovon years, but thoro
scorns to bo general agreoment that Dart
mouth, In inaugurating a courso In cmploy
mqnt as a function of management, is decid
edly on tho right track. It's about time to
recognlzo tho fact that tho hiring of largo
numbers of workets for a plant or store la
not a slniplo process to bo loft In tho hands
of an ordinary subordinate. Tho task la ono
that demands unusual Judgment and discre
tion and calls for a specific training a train
ing nkln to that exacted In any profession
which concerns tho wclfaro of human souls
and bodies.
Dartmouth College, then, In Its school of
administration and finance, will glvo a spe
cial consideration to all problems relating to
employes. Tho sources of supply, proper
methods of securing help, classification ac
cording to aptitude training, guidance, pro
motion, labor exchange, and tho organization
and functions of tho employment staff will
all bo treated In detail. As n leading featuro
of tho courso, students will bo given the op
portunity to secure actual exporlcnco and
make Investigations along tho right lines In
representative commercial and industrial con
cerns. A Unique Proposition
Tho proposition from every point of view
Is unique. Thero nro almost any number of
business men who feel tho need of better
trained omploymcnt managers but no college,
heretofore, has offered to help them solvo
their problems. The plan has tho distinct
approval of tho Employment Managers' As
sociation of Boston and tho courso Itself has
been outlined by tho Boston Vocation
Bureau. In tho opinion of A. Lincoln Flleno,
himself a largo employer of skilled labor,
thero Is no question moro vital to tho busi
ness man of the present than that which
involves tho securing of tho right kind of
help, tho right men and women for tho right
Jobs, and providing the basis for right ro
tations. In tho average business houso today tho
number of different persons employed during
tho courso of a year is anywhere from one
and a half to three timOs as large as tho
number of places on the permanent payroll.
Plainly there Is here an economic waste,
a financial leak. Tha causo is largely a poor
selection of employes In tho first place, nnd
the remedy, which Dartmouth proposes to
Bupply, consists in having employment man
agers who, on tho ono hand, aro acquainted
with the necda and traditions of their firms
nnd, on the other, aro trained to know whero
to seek, how to obtain, develop and distribute
tho employes.
Dealing in Futures
From the foci that big Boston employers
are lending their assistance to Dartmouth in
this now undertaking, it must not bo inferred
that here is another attempt to exploit tha
human worker. The purely material side of
tholr several businesses has about reached
the limit of efficient management. With
them It Is no longer a question of how to get
tho most out of their men, but how to ar
range affairs so that the men themselves
may best grow and receive tho full reward
of their ability. If the employe la to be con
tented and" his work satisfactory to himself
and his employer, he must never, bo In the
position where ha seea ahead of hlra a atono
wall, a professional deadline beyond which
he must not and cannot go. Much of our in
dustrial unhapplness Is tho result of a wrong'
distribution of employes. In their preaent
Jobs niany men and women ara really up a
blind alley. Shift them to other depart-'
ments, give them moro congenial work to
do, and they are Immediately transformed
from sullen, dejected help to willing and
energetic ejnployea. To arrange affaire ao
that fcveryjr nyorlw whj j,avo a future la thus
one of tfijI'djMes of the trained employment
manager. w
Here Is a situation which every bo 'often
confronts all department atorea: A girl, neat
in her personal habits, normally Intelligent
and with flrst-claaa recommendations In re
spect to honesty and Integrity, applies for a
Job. At onco it la evident that her schooling
has been neglected and that her social at
tainments are conspicuous by their absence.
Ia aha to be rejected because of her de
ftcienclea or is she to be hired In the hope
that contact Yith people will smooth the
rough spots? Right hero la where the trained
Judg 9 help come into the squatton. He.
neither turns her down nor leaves her to ac-
qulro polish by practicing on tho firm's cusJ
luiuvtB iiu oviiua iioi lu u tumiuuillioil
school at tho cxpenso of tho company's time.
Thoro sho obtains Just exactly what sh",
needs to becomo an Ideal employe, and the
firm regards tho expenditure ns Justified.'
"Laboratory" Studies
All such cases as this and the question!,';
growing out of them will bo taken up In ths'v
nnrr TlfiWrvirtut V. pnitvao T"ll-n.t,. T7aM !
tho Tuck School, will bo assisted by a staff oh
well-known business mon who will contribute.
as their sharo tho story of tholr long experi
ence. From a strictly utilitarian standpoint,
students will piobnbly get the best part 6f
their education through tho medium of part- j
time work In factories and stores. All ar-i3
rnngemonts aro not yet made, but very soon,i'
It Is expected, agreements will be completed
whereby concerns In many and widely vary
ing fields will allow tho college men to comej
into tneir organizations tor a nrsi-nana siuay
of employment problems.
That the vonturo will bo a distinct success
and thnt the results will profoundly affect
American business Is tho conviction of Mr
Filenc, Meyer Bloomfleld and others eon-
nected with tho Vocation uuroau, wnose re
cent longthy conferonco with the college i
authorities was the causo of the action whica't
resulted In tho new course. These men Tvent
to Hanover on tho Invitation of President
Nichols and as tho envoys of tho Employ
ment Managers' Association, an organization
of about 50 Boston business men who doj
tho hiring of employes for largo concerns
nnd who nro dally feeling a greater rejponjl'
blllty for tho vocational guidance of the wen
nnd women who work for thorn. These man
ngcrs In every case stand high In the coun:
ells of their firm. They aro Important cogi
In tho executive machines, are making a
close study of tho hiring problem In alj Its
phnses and aro a unit In declaring that the.
employment manager must bo a trained spto
clalist and that tho sclenco of securing tM
right sort of help is founded on certain vltj
nnd fundamental principles. Dartmouth's!
task will bo to unfold these principles to the
young men who como to its halls in searca
of business learning.
Socrates in Philadelphia
From the Kanaas City Star. ".;
Not long ago two gontlemen happened t
moet In the street of an Important city. One
was d Standpatter, tho other a ProBreMlve. i
"Whv Is it." Inaulred the Standpatter, "thM
we nre sensible enough to pay no attention tojj
the opinion of men on certain subjects, Ii"i
medicine or shipbuilding, unless tney are p
perts7 And yet we let everybody nave a .
learned or unlearned, highbrow or lowbrow, n,
the matter under consideration Is an affair or
State? i
"It Isn't rjxatnnnhls " nrtrlurl tha Standpatter.
"Don't be too hasty," replied the other. "WhJJ
do we punish criminals? Isn't It became W
believe all men havo the capacity to I' J'
nhnv tho Inwa? Vnn Irnnw tha tradition tBSt
Hermes put the question to Zeus whether Mj
.. .. .,.-,..... ,...- j ..vA- trt nnirff
a few men or to alt. To all,' Zeus replied. J
-X.a.,1 lllf. t,-m oil tft hava n nhftr. OthtMlM
cities could not exist, and the race of men 'wW;
perish.' " ; -
So It waa the conclusion of tha ProjTtMl
that the reason for giving all men a snare t
the Government waa tha belief that political
virtuo Instead of being, like an art, a prlTlW
of a few, was an obligation or an.
Tha conversation Bounda comparatively taw
ern. But It happenB that It was reporito
Athens nearly 2509 yeara ago in one oi ia
loguea of Bocratea.
Freedom of the Seas
Ua ,k (a. -.la-a-a. I Yw.m.1
fUII, IU, LIUMUH.H 4M4U.W.. . . .
Th freedom of tha aeaa la an Issua Tlt-w ;
should cause all neutral nations to unite la ?a
tlon to secure and defend It. -t
Thji i.nlta.1 i.-niil.ll.ci nt th AttlnriCSn CCS?.
tlnenta cannot accept any nation aa ruler of thu
The kind of a man for you and mel
He facea the world unflinchingly,
And uniltes aa long aa the wrong resists,
With a knuckled faith and force like flats,
He Uvea the life he la preaching of.
And lovea where moat la the need of love;
tii. vniM la Hour ta ths deaf man's ears,
And his face sublime through tha blind
Tho lUjfht ehlnea out whera the clouds Sy
0lrn' .. ... . 1
And the widow's nrayer goea up for nun, ,?s
The latch la allnked at the hovel door
And the alck roan sees tha aun onco more,
And out o'er the barren field he seea
Springing blossoms and waving trees,
TAllnc- nnlv Ihft rivlrlfir may
That God's own servant haa come tpat waye
n .... ,i. M.u n It atltl tulnrliilcn
omuguiuis ui twin hi - "-; "7, have
Through the golden gate where his loved wy
Kne. James Whltcbmb "1"'
O that I could a aln once see.
We Paint the devil fwl-y he
Truth noma s-ood ta him. all agree
Sin ia Hat OWMWlU Ui U" Almlght)
it wants tho cood of virtue and
!U"WH- -

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