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EVEHiNG ledger Philadelphia Tuesday, maboh ic, ifrfJL
8 IV laimtum !s3mz& Ma$n PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY emus 11. K cuntis, i-smii-hm. , . Cltafla II. Lndlrmon, Vice PretlriVnt i John U. Martin, ftcrtiry na Trr-i.urer- Philip 8. Colllni. John . yyilUnirw. mreciorti. F.UlTOIUAInOAUD: Ctri It. ). Ccirrtt), Chairman. P. . "WlUtKY... Eiecull Idltnr 3oHff C, MAlVrlN. fleneral Duilntu ManRr Published dally at PerMo l.arocn Ilulldluc, Independence Square, Philadelphia. Luruuli OiNimt..,,, .,.,,, Promt am) Chestnut St.Tels ATUNtlo CtlV.t i, rrtit'Vnion tltilldlnir fint YoK, 1TO-A, Metiopolllan Tower Cmclno 817 Home lnmrnnco DulMInc tospo .....8 Waterloo riace, Pall Stall, 8. W. NEWS BUnEAUS : WiiiilNuTow nnrn The ro( ntilMIn NISW XOB Bcitcu; The Tlmti UutMIng Mrnt.lN IlDnnc... no Filcilrlohttrn.F". Ijjtirwjf Bubai;... a I'nll Mall Kaal, H. W. Fjms Bcnitu...... 32 itue Louis lo Urand sunscmrnbljTKnMS Br carrier, Daii.t Only, lx rente, By null, postpaid ottfatda of Philadelphia, except nhere foreign pnmnite l required, Dilt.t Oni.t, one month, twenty-live cents, DJ11.T Osi.r. one year, three dollar. AH mall sub scriptions payable In advance. DKIA, 3000 WALNUT KF.VSTtt.NK, MUN 3000 3W Address nil communications to livening tMgtr, Independence Snuarr, Philadelphia. ZNttaED attiik rnit.ADiti.niiA rojTorricR ah srcoND CUBS MAlt. siATTm. ritltwtDCLPIIIA, IIIMDAV. MAItCII If., I'M.?. A good workman cants twice as ihci as he is paid and a poor workman Is paid twice as much as he earns. The ll.ittlo for the Ballot THE right of women to the ballot Iti Penn sylvania has run the gauntlet of the peo ple's representatives und now booh heforo the electorate Itself ns nn Issue. The cam paign will bo on i of the most spectacular and sustained ever wafted In this Commonwealth. It lias already been begun, and It will lie carried on persistently and intelligently until tlio lost vote hns been cast In November. During the cnmpaiKii the women will have ample opportunity to demonstrate their ca pacity for organization and their natural por llttcal saguclty. There Is already little except prejudice loft for them to overcome. The Laborer Is Worthy of His Hire NO ONE should begrudge "Hilly" Sunday tho money which he will rcceivo for his work here. No one has given a dollar to him who did not think that he deserved It. If thero had been coercion thero would bo occasion for criticism, but tho monoy is offered freely, each man deciding for him self what ho thought ho ought to give. Mr. Sunday himself has asked for nothing, but has announced that he would accept only what was willingly offered by those who thought he should be puld for his services. It may bo called a thank offering, or a free will gift or what you will. II belongs of right to the remarkable man who has been filling tho tabernacle for the last ten weeks. And If anybody asks him what lie intends to do with It ho will be justified In replying that he docs not answer impertinent ques tions. This Is trt e, even though the sum should he $1;"0,000. lie has convinced tho contributors that he has done them good, and those who have not contributed havo no right to Interfere or to criticise. Legalized Extortion Is Knocked Out THE loan shark Is appropriately named. Why the Commonwealth 'of Pennsylvania consented to legalize his nefarious extortions It la not ,asy to understand. The decision of the Supreme Court that the validating law of ,1013 Is unconstitutional makes the loan shark a usurer and punishable under the general statute against charging exorbitant rates of Interest. This law, which has been thus upset, per mitted the money lenders to charge 46 per cent. Interest, so that when once an unfor tunate man got Into their power he would have to pay a sum almost equal to his debt every two years without decreasing the amount of the principal. No law should ever mnke It posslblo for any man to take ad vantage of tho unfortunate in such an op pressive manner. Legalized extortion Is not What we, want In this Commonwealth. Italian and Greek Interests T UK situation in the .Mediterranean Is com plicated by national interests which prac tleally compel assistance to tho Allies Irre spective of the sympathies of tho countries concerned. It Is of primary importance to Greece that Turkey In Europe be partitioned and It is. Just as important that she should share in the division. The accretions of ter ritory resulting from tho war with Turkey cannot be considered permanent until Turkey lias been driven into Asia. But tho German cause la absolutely tied up to the continuance of, Moslem rule in Europe. Tho success of Germany would be the success of Turkey, and Turkish possession of Stamboul Is a pistol leveled at Athens. Italy likewise sees no possibility of the achievement of her national ambition unless Austria Is humbled. Her status- In Tripoli, too, depends on tho defeat of Turkey. What ever strings there aro tying her t Germany must bo cut, because Herlln has ns actlvo allies the two Powers which stand in Italy's way. With Vonezelos demanding war for Greece and the Italian deputies voting enormous war credits, thero can be no longer any doubt of the Intention of either nation. Both will be drawn into the conflict, out of which each expects to emerge with largely In creased territory, most of it traditionally Greek; or Italian und long dreamed of as back In the fold. The Crying Need of Business If there are to be courts of commerce or commissions, then the settlement of all mat ters which have been referred to such courts by the Legislature should be left to them. THIS pregnant sentence from the annual report of the president of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company contains th (aw and the gospel of business regula tion. Every manager of a big corporation Who baa expressed himself on the subject Jus said the same thing In one form or an other. President Rea, of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, said It the other day when he demanded that the Interstate Com merce Commission be mar large enough and powerful enough to decide quickly and justly 'he questions put up to It. It simply means that if we are to have Govern ment regulation of business, the regulators choulti be commissioned wljh full authority , net and the Legislatures which have treated the regulating bodies should keep their hands off. There can be np business confidence until r;ma such rBult'ia secured. The anti-trust lis are " indefinite that we have had rovrnment by lawsuit fur several years, 'rh railroad and corporation commissions, i it4 tu ft rates and regulate other con iiuwas uniw wjjjsb etupqratiom may do business have been disregarded by Congress and by the Legislatures of Iho Stntes, nnd the attempt has been made Irftlo by statute without Investigation what can only bo done Justly by a Judicial commission after a. care ful Investigation. Mr. Vnll follows his theory lo Us final con clusion when ho demands that tho commis sions created to control business shall bo composed of men of Iho highest ability no others can master tho problems and ho ndds that the tenure of oftlre should bo long enough for tho commissioners to learn somo thing about their duties. Tho shareholders of no largo corporation would put a political hack In the position of rosixmslblo manager. And tho shareholders of nil tho largo cor porations arc Joining with their representa tives In protesting most vigorously against turning tho control of their business over to any group of small, Inexperienced men se lected by politicians seeking to find n ploco for their followers. If business Is to bo regulated by the Government tho regulators must bo men enpablo of regulating. Anarchy on tho Seas BETWEEN" German war zone proclama tions and British orders In council thero Is little difference In principle, except that the Instruments available to the nmi country do not permit of search and rapture, while In the other case they do. That England Is perfectly willing to take ships Into port n,nd subject them to tho Jurisdiction of prize courts does not mean thnt slip Is any morn fixed In her respect for International law than Germany. It means simply that it Is possible and profitable for her to pursue this course. If German submnrlnes could got their prizes to Get man ports they would bo glad enough to do it. It Is about time, that talk of the barbarity of the German naval program cense In view of the general recog nition by nil of the belligerents thai old rules aro obsolete and no longer to be observed. England has declared n hybrid embargo which resembles In some wnys a blockade. Thero Is no precedent to support Its right eousness, although London Is very careful to warn the L'nlted States that American dollars will be protected, whatever happens to American rights. There can bo no Inter national law when all of the great Powers that make International law, except one, are violating It nnd each other. Nevertheless, w are too groat n nation to be humiliated un duly. London evidently expects a strong protest from Washington, and thnt Is exactly what tho Department of Stnte will prepare. We must at least put ourselves right on tho record, oven If we are uimblo to maintain our lights on tho seas. Pennsylvania Leads the Procession THE Hiiperdreatlnouglit Pennsylvania, which Is launched today, will be, when finished, Hih most powerful battleship alloal, She will exceed in -speed, In thickness of her armor. In the power of her batteries and In her displacement, uny other ship on tho seven seas. Such other ships of the same size as are planned are described as the Pennsyl vania type. The State appreciates the com pliment involved In this. And the citizens of every other State should appreelulo the en terprise of tho Government in planning and building a battleship that has set u new precedent In fighting machines. Whllo tho Pennsylvania was tho last wind in warships when sho was designed, tho present' war has revealed new conditions that must bo met In naval warfare. Tho suc cessors of tho Pennsylvania must, therefore, bo planned to resist the new form of attack. It is not necessary that the l'nlted States should go so far as Great Itrlt'olii and build two warships for every single warship built by any rival power, but it Is Important that the navy of this country should contnin ships able to cope with the most powerful In tho fleet of any othor untlon. nnd that It should have enough of them to defend our coasts nnd our shipping in any probable future con tingency. Samuel Bowles, Honest Man WHETHER tho dead can communicate with the living Is a disputed question. Hut wo all cherish a fonil liopo that when wo hnvo passed on wo may continue to know nh.it Is happening on tho earth. Assuming thnt there Is basis for tho hope, few of the dad can contemplate the work of those whom they have left behind with greater satisfaction than must be felt by Samuel Howies, who founded the Republican In Springfield, .Massachusetts, in the curly years of tho last century. The paper has re mained in tho family for three generations, and with the death on Sunday of Samuel Bowles, tho third, it passes Into tho hands of tho fourth generation of tho samo fnmlly. But it is not this continuity of Journalistic likings that is remarkable, but tho continuity of high. Journalistic standards. Samuol Bowles, the second, Inherited his ideals from his fnther, nnd ho developed them to such a state of perfection that, although Springfield was a small city. Ills newspaper was known throughout the United States for tho distin guished ability with which It was conducted and for tho high sense of public responsi bility which nnlnrnted it. Tho Samuel Bowles who has Just died maintained tho traditions of his father and hit grandfather. Ills paper was tho dally lilble for n largo section of eastern New Eng land. Ho went to his reward with tho con sciousness that ho never betrayed the public for tho sake of gold, but always served It to the best of his ability. Every rhlludolphla liquor dealer Is ro. grettlng that Montgomery County Is not to bo "dry." No one needs preaching to more than tho Now Jersey legislators, unless It bo the Perm sylvanla legislators. A. Mitchell Palmer has been claiming so much that even his friends will agree that he is well qualified for a test on the bench of the Court of Claims. The lawyer who pleaded for Thaw's re lease on the ground that Ills detention would bo a fraud on the State of New Hampshire must have had his tongue In his cheek. There aro several vacancies In the Hit of French Immortals, but before the war is oyer there may be enough Immortal Frenchmen to llll all the vacancies for years to come. Local option does not depend on the will of Senator Vare, but upon the will of tho people of this Commonwealth. If they want It they -will est If whether Senator Vare likes it or not. New York cannot get over its Jealousy of Chicago, and the Now York fashion experts are now pooh-poohing the decree of the Chi cago experts that pantalettes are to be worn this summer. "You may assert," said the New York man, "that no style ever started In Chicago." And now Chicago w'll let New York learn wbere the really important Ideas are originated. THE WOMEN'S FIGHT IN TERRE HAUTE Oil Election D.iy, Armed With Cam eras, They Recorded the "Repeat ing" and Rioting at the Polls, and Ended Organization Rule. By IRW1NlT GORDON VI TODAY 28 ringleaders of tho Organization In Tcrro Hanto aro on trlnl in tho United Slates Court at Indianapolis. They nre charged with conspiracy growing out of it debauched election. Moro than SO of their associates hnvo pleaded guilty to nil the political crimes charged against them, nnd nt-o telling their story upon tho stand ns wit nesses for tho Government. The big story, however, thn true portraiture of tho fight waged by tho Women, Is receiving second consideration! It wns llrst In tho battle of regeneration, Never In the history of tho country have tho women ni-lsen to fight a civic battlo as they did In Tcrro Haute. Whllo tho majority of tho men welo too disgusted and disheart ened to keep up Iho fight for honest govern ment, tho women never wavered they stuck to tho end. How they manned tho polls, photographed tho repealers, demanded that tho Government of the United States take a hand In cleaning up conditions, und finally whipped tho merchants of the city In lino to fight for decency, Is a story unparalleled. In fact, no hotter commentary can bo written on thn wutso of woman surfingo In the United States than tho chronicle of events which preceded and followed Iho election of Novem ber S-nll or which hinged about tho 1400 women afllllatetl with tho vnrlotis clubs and organizations' of the city. In fact, It may bo said without fear of contradiction that tho Organization would rtilo today In Tcrro lrnuln were It not for the methods introduced nnd the tactics pursued by tho women of thnt Indiana city. Prepared for the Worst When noun M. Roberts wns elected .Mayor a large number of suffragists appeared ns wn tnhprs at tho polls. Whllo they saw tho repeaters, the fraudulent manipulation of the machines and tho gross violations' of election laws nt that time 101.1 they wero not equipped and wero too unfamiliar with con ditions to take an active part In tho subse quent Investigation. The leaders of the vari ous organizations believed thnt similar tac tics would bo followed tit the 1011 election. This lime the women would bo prcporrd! Immediately after the last mglstnillnn day several women appeared at City Hull, de manded nnd secured tho poll books nnd care fully entiled tho name of every roglHlored voter. Additional copies were m.ide for each want. A meotlng of the Central Committee known ns the Women's Council composed of delegates from each woman's club or organization In Tcrro Haute, was called and plans for th" coming election wore perfected. A subsidiary committee was appointed with JIf, S. C. Stlmsnn nt chairman. Miss Mae Helmer. one of the most nelivn suffragists In the State, was put in charge of the active campaign. More than 100 women volunteered to ap pear as watchers on election day. A com mittee was formed In ench ward which worked In conjunction with tho subcommit tees of the precincts. There were, however, tunny precincts In the business section nnd j Tenderloin which were not represented. Knr several weeks prior to the election tho various committees- held mcotlngs. Tho In diana election laws wero read to tho volun teers, tho procedure at tho polls was ex plained and tho pollbooks carefully gone over. Ono woman found to her surprise that ten men wero registered from her home sho would lay for them at tho poll! Being fa miliar with their immediate neighborhood, the woman picked the questionable voters and made notations in tho pollbooks. Hack of the names n question mark was placed to lie checked up on election dny. The Women Aro Threatened Some one among those 100 women had a brilliant idea an Idea which may result in clean elections throughout tho country should It lie unhci'Kill.v adopted. All tho women were advled to carry cameras In order to photograph repeaters and disorderly scenes around the polling places. In addi tion, various pocket electric lamps wero sup plied, whllo a fow of tho women went so far ns to secure autnmobllo searchlights to bo used in tho early morning hours and nt night beforo the polls were closed. Notebooks, in which to mark tho number of voters at a. designated booth and to keep memoranda, wero nlso supplied. Tho Organization learned of tho intended patrol. They instantly started u scries of stories to tho cffc t that tho women wero to bo arrested: that the Toylorvlllo gang "would beat them up," and thnt tho Organ ization would "get them" or their husbands. Theso rumors, quite naturally, prevented a number of women from appearing. November 3 dawned cold nnd dark. Long beforo daylight a band of resolute women, tno strong, left their homes nnd started for tho polling places. Theso women represented tho finest, wealthiest and most cultured fam ilies of -Term Haute. Whllo they were In spired with n, blind hope, tho majority felt that little could bo done to give an honest election, Still they would trj' Just onco more A Strenuous Day's Work That "or-te more" proved to bo tho lost tho last, at least, for Terro Haute when thn women will bo compelled to keep tabs on tho Roberts gang. At the polls they stationed themselves be fore 6 o'clock. Many of the women did not leave during the entire day. Others worked on three or four-hour shifts. As each voter appeared his name was secured, and he was checked from the pollbook. Another woman there were usually three or four at each polling place kept tab on the number of men who entered the machine or ballot booths. When one women left she signed her name and wrote the time In her book thus an accurate record was kept In each precinct of the number of voters and those who voted. Before the crooked work started the police department and the Roberts-Fairbanks lieu tenants did everything in their power to per suade the women to leave. Holler and Nugent, tho chief of police, and his assistant, confidentially told a number of the ladles that the Tenderloin thugs wore about, and that the police never could protect such a number of women. They were also advised against exposing themselves on such a cold duy, asked to step Into nearby houses to warm themselves, and finally threatened with arrest. To all this kind advice and these threats the women paid no attention. In several sections of the city the women -were really compelled to leave the Polls ""' ' " "" '' . .... .i i . i - '- ' '" " "" " -- . a-i 1 when the shooting and lighting began. At several points tho pollco nnd election olll clnls grubbed the women nnd attempted to pull them away from tho place. Tho women usually clung to something, screamed and nhvnys won their point. Six Times Enough When dalyllght broke, tho cameras becaino active. Women who lived their entire lives In a neighborhood knew that certain men did not reside In nearby houses. Toward noon tho same faces wero seen under changed hats or even another coat. Disguises became frequent. A largo number of photographs weio tiilicn during the day. The election olll eers protested, lold the women thnt It was against tho law, but not onco did they suc ceed in preventing the photograph from be ing made. An amusing Incident occurred In Precinct A, of the notorious fitli Wnrd, tho heart of tho Tenderloin. A woman watcher ap proached .lack Hlnes, ward leader, and otin of the men who has confessed, and said, "That man has voted six times." "lias ho?" asked the saloon-dive keeper. "Well, I'll put a stop lo that. Six times is enough for any body to vote." Tho sumo man worked :i clever trick on the women watchers. Later In tho dny ho be came very friendly. Ho paid particular at tention to tho woman who hud tho pollbook. Ho would glance at tho book whllo sho was making a notation or ticking a voter and seo the next few names not marked. Ho would retire, and In n fow minutes men with theso names would appear to vote. In this manner ho managed to vote his complete comple ment some 250 illegal voters In tho precinct, without a protest. This- story Is n part of his confession. That night 400 women retired with a con sciousness that something had been accom plished. They hail been witnesses to tho thuggery at tho polls; had seen honest voters beaten and others prevented from voting; they had scon tho olllcers of tho Superior Court fired at; they hud seen nnd marked tho repeaters. Scores could testify Hint "John Jones." "John Jackson" or "Peto Smith" did not live in well-known houses in their neigh borhood. The old Philadelphia trick of voting gravestones wns uncovered In Indiana. Va cant lots, too, gavo up Ihclr voters. Thus passed thn election day of November X 19M, but the women wero far from tho goal. NATION'S DUTY OF PREPARATION From rrmlUent Monroe's Menace to Concrem!, 1822. Sustaining our neutral position and allowing to each party while tho war continues equal rights, it Is Incumbent on tho United States to claim of each with equal rigor the faithful ob servation of our rights according to tho well known law of nations. , The history of tho late wars In Europe furnishes a complete demonstration that no system of conduct, how ever correct In principle, can protect neutral Powers from Injury from any pnrty; that a defenseless position anil distinguished love of peace are thn surest Invitations to war, and that there Is no way to avoid It other than by being always prepared and willing for Just cause to meet It. If thero be a people on earth whe-o more cspccl.il duly It Is to be at all times prepared to defend thn rights with which they nre blessed nnd to surpass all others In bus tabling tho necessary burthens, and In sub mitting to sacrifices to mnke such prepara tions, it Is undoubtedly iho peoplo of theso Staffs. It has often been charged asalnst freo lioveriimcntr tlmt they have neither the foresight nor the virtue to provide at tho proper .season for giciit emergencies; tlint their course is improvident and expensive: lhat war will always find thetn unprepared, and whatever may bo Its calamities, that Its ter rible warnings will be disregarded and for gotten as soon ns peace icturns. I have full ronfldenco that this charge so fur as relates to the United States will be shown to bs ut terly destltutoof truth. HEINE ON THE PRUSSIAN EAGLE Krom tho London Chronicle. Heine (about whom. In spite of the professors there was no kultur) hated Prussia and Frus sianlsm, and soma of his bitterest satire and Invective were directed, were hurled against this evil spirit that he saw In the making. In his "Germany" he apostrophized the Prussian eagle thus: Detestable bird! If e'er thou shoulds't fail In my hands, thou creature perfidious, I would tear thy feathers from oft thy back, And hack off thy talons hideous! I then would stick thee high up on a polo In the air, thou wicked freebooter. And then to the Joyful shooting match Invite each Huenlsli sharpshooter. The verses were erased from tho original edl. tlon by the censors. In these more civilized days his reward would probably have been a fortress or the rope. HEALING FRAGRANCE The primal duties shine aloft like stars; The charities, that soothe, and heal, and blesd, Are scattered at the feet oC Man like flowers. The generous Inclination, the Just rule. Kind wishes, and good actions, and pure thoughts No mystery is there! Wordsworth. YOUR WORD From tht Ciaclonut Enquirer. lit as good as your word, but see that your word U good. A STRENUOUS EFFORT I WINTER CAMPAIGN OF THE ALLIES Analysis of the Situation in Northern France Little Difference1 Since the Third Week in vs."OntoParis!" By FRANK II. SIMONDS FOIt nearly two months tho ofllclnl state ments of German nnd Kronch war olllccs alike havo referred olmost dally to ciifiuge nients in Western Champagne. Lo Mesnll, Henusejour and Vlllo-sur-Tourlie havo again and iignln been tho scenes of desperate com bats. Plainly there has been going on In this field a ninjor operation. Now tho Ger mans announce It has terminated In French defeat that tho llattlo of Champagne has been a German victory. It Is, then, an ap propriate tlmn to analyze what has probably been tho most Important engagement In tho west In 101.1. At tho outset it Is necessary to review hur riedly tho situation between tho Olso anil thn Mou.s? as It bus developed slnco tho great German invasion was halted at tho Manic in September. At that time threo great masses of Germans were operating between the two rivers. Tho first, under Von Kluck, ap proached Paris and then went east and south. The second, under Von Dulow, cumo south through Tlhelms, passed tho Marno near Clintons nnd was- defeated about St. Gond nnd Camp de Mal'.ly. The third, under tho Crown Prince, passed between tho Argonno and Verdun and wns halted about Vitry-le-Francols. Tho Deadlock As those armies retreated tho first took up tho position behind tho Alsno, north of Solssons and south of Laon; tho second foil back until It occupied tho northern forts about Hhelms: whllo the third withdrew as far ns Vnrcuiics, In Iho Argonno. When tho retreat halted theso throe armies established contact nnd occupied a front from tho Olse, cast of Noyau, to tho Mouse, north of Ver dun. Von Kluck repassed tho Alsno on Septem ber 11, and on the next dny tho ntltlsh, fol lowing, look giound about Solssons, but wero unable to advance. Three weeks of desperate fighting In this Held resulted In it deadlock. On October !) tho Prltlsh nrmy gavo up Its trenches to French reserves and entrained for Belgium, where It presently halted tho German ndvanco about Ypres. Tho French troops who replaced tho British pushed their advance against tho Germans, mudo considerable progros-s west of Craonne, on the Laon road, but woro finally heavily defeated In January, driven across tho Alsno, and tho wholo offensive west of Rhclms camo to nn abrupt close. In tho same fashion tho early efforts of tho French who pursued Von Billow's army from tho Mnrno wero checked In tho eastern suburbs- of Rhelms This city had been a fortified place, surrounded by a circle of forts. In their great retreat tho French had dismantled tho forts and ovacuated them. Tho Germans In their turn occupied tho east ernmost forts, brougl t up heavy artillery and speedily halted all offensive operations In this district. From tho second week In Sep tember to the present tlmo tho German lino hero has held solid and German artillery still bombards Tthclms nt will. Having failed about Solssons and about rthelms, thero was left to tho French a third possibility. Between Hhcims and tho Argonno Is the great plain of wMialons.-, familiar In his tory nn tho scene of tho defeat of Attlla. Tho Argonne Itself Is a long range o low hills rising abruptly from the plain somo hundreds of feet, perhaps ten miles wide, and thickly wooded. Through the passes In this range run sev eral highways and railroads', three of real value. The southernmost pass, that near St. Menehould, carries tho Verdun-Paris Rail road. Near Its western entranco is Valmy, tho scene of tho famous Prussian defeat In the Fren-h Revolution. This road the French hold. Some ten miles to the north is the fcecond pass, that of Grand Pro. Possession of this was and is contested by the opposing forces, but It remains chiefly In German hands. Finally, some six miles further north, Is Vouzlers, at the western end of the upper pass. Through this comes the railroad from Sedan, one of the life lines of the Germans In France. Just south of Vouzlers this line leaves the Vozlors-St, Menehould line, and, turning west, touches the Rhelms-Charlevllle Railroad north of Rhelms. Strategy of the French Tho object of French strategy In this operation was- to move north until French troops crosijed and cut the Vouzlers line, thus destroying one of the two lines of sup ply for the Germans about Rhelms. At the same time occupation of Grand Pre and Vouzlers would permit the French to later. I September "On to Berlin!" "f posu between tho German army before V. mm and tltut before Rhelms, proventlarl direct communication between them and ex. 1 posing tho flanks of both. Could tho French advance bo pressed hom tho Germans beforo Rhelms would bo whillr separated from those before Verdun. At ' Vouzlers the French would be north and la ..J tho rear of tho nrmy beforo Rhelms and In a , position to attack It in front, flank and rear 3 nnd threaten the Rhelms-Charlevllle lim near Hetlicl. Tho Germans would then In compelled to retiro from Rhelms nnd lake a ) position behind tho Alsnc about rtethcl. The Verdun army would In turn be compelled ta I hin- b,,,,ii,u mm muite a new contact wlul the Hhelms nrmy by way of Stcnay. Another successful push would take the Ai French to tho Mouse, near Sedan, and cut ' tho main and tho only connection between German nrmlos in tho west and those In' the east south of Namttr. Hitherto the ability of tho Germans to move their troops from S Alsaco-Lorrnlno to Chnmpagno and Flanden'-'J has been tho chief cause of tho successlvt3 triumphs In foiling attacks on their comj municatlons. It was by such an operation"' that they drove the French out of St. QuentlnJ and Peronno early In October nnd thus saved"! their whole position In France from the motte dangerous of all tho attacks made upon llfl to tho present hour. . .. .... 'I the uorman Line Has Held The sole o'-lcct of German strategy w to hold tho lino between tho Argonne and Rhelms, south of nnd covering tho Vouzlerjl Railroad. At tho end of two months there IsJ no reason to question the German claim that! this lino has benr hld. Such progress as the! French havo mudo north r Soualn, of Ma Mcsuil, of VIlle-sur-Tourbe has not yet coy- ercd the half a dozen miles between tlnj French front at tho beginning of tho battle'l and tho Vouzlers- Railroad. Hast of tho Argonne a French offenalvsl marching parallel with that west has made J equally slight progress. Tho Grand rre mi still remains contested ground, with no Indtv cation thnt cither sldo has any Immedlats prospect of winning tho commanding posi tion. In sum, whllo the French have jnadtt slight progress- cast of Rhelms, as they haTSj lost. Bomo ground to tho west, the -wholel Champagne operation from September toj March has been practically fruitless. Cew man lines still hold, German artillery stttlj bombards Rhelms nt will. Tho German posh tlon In Northern Franco is solid. But It Is necessary henceforth to watch tho Argonne operation closely nowhere eks along tho wholo German front In France could n successful offenslvo be so effective In, so short a distance as between Soualn tty Vouzlers. German estimates of a French loss, of 45,000 in this- operation indicate how !' perately the French havo tried to advance.1 Tho key of tho wholo operation remains toy railroad. A Mammoth Achievement Meantime, it is also necessary to record! tho complete failure of tho Allies in thelrJ winter campaign. In Champagne and FUoJ ders two ambitious efforts hnvo been stopp'-JJ almost nt their starting place. The Iintl"1! troops, which wero in sight of La Bassee cfj October L'0. are still west of It; though the rn cont operations nbout NeuvoChapelle.nortlfofJ La Bassee, Indlcnto a notable but IndecUUi advance. So far thero has been not the smalRl est indication that tho Allies can by any t4 mendous offenslvo sweep tho Germans ta from France. Wo are still exactly wbere i were In the third week nf Sentember. Regard being had for what thoy have accomplished on the eastern frontier, this represents 3 achievement on the German part likely to tO long memorable In history. More and more the situation In the '?H comes to resemble that in Virginia In d4l Civil War. Between the Blue Ridge y Chesapeake Bay Confederate lines held uni", the summer of 1S6L and from Richmond ' the mountains until 1S65. "On to RIchroondR was as familiar a cry then as "On to Bm lln!" Is now. Such satlifactlon as the Aiut; can find In tho western campaign Is dlscQij orablo Jn the fact that there Is no longer prospect of an "On to Paris!" drive- France the Germans are on the defensive but on the defensive they are yet lj pugnable. A DEFENSE THAT CONDEMNS From the New lupubllc. ClausewlU was right when he declared : war -was mrlv nn nrtiiniiinn of DOllliC though he meant the sayln-r aa a Ju"1"! ot war, sensitive ago oiviujta peopm " : it is an inuictment or polities. .m JL ---A ,. ,-.