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w ?K5 TjV isne-y" t ffVijrr v v , , "id? "V- - w " ' r f- " ' " ' f; ", ';r v s . 1 t ' 4. . I ' , t TMJXW to I 1 2 I? it ei k as i H' , 'A "? T r turning Uriiger PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY CTnUS IL K. CUnTlS. THMiDfc; Charles If. Tnnhneton. Vice rreldntt John C. Aiarug. necreury and Treanuren rnrnn H. Collins, . jonn 11. William jonn j, Whalcy, Dlrrctorn. Bpurgeon, K. nDtTOnlAI. 110AHD! Circs It. K. Claris, Chairman. WHALEY P. It. iKdltor JOll.V C. MAnTIN. .general Business Manager Published dtlly nt Teat to t.rttirn llullillntf, Independence Square, Philadelphia. lotnnaa CrvTnAr,... Broad nn Chestnut Streets Athntio CiTt.. .. .Prut-I'ntnii HulLIIng Nit Yiibk 2nd Metropolitan Tower JIktroit 4in rnnl llull.llng BT. I.ncia 40!) tvionr-firmnrrnt llulldlnB Cmcioo unj Tribune Bulldlne NEWS nvnnAuni JVAniNnTiw nrnrAtr nlggs TtulHlne New Ynim tll'FAt) The Times Uulliiinir IHBtlN ItiarAti . ... .n Krle.lrlrhstraiise, I.omiov r.taiAU . Marconi llouee. Ptrand Taris IHbeal .I: lm- I.ouia Is Orand subscription vntiMsi The RreMMt I.tlHlrn Is served to subscribers In I'hlladelphla and surmumllnc towns at tho rate of twelvo O-J ccnta per week, paab!o to tho carrier. ltv mall to point nutsld of riilladelrhii. In the t'nlteil Mates, Cnnada or t'nlted Pistes pos sessions, postage free, fifty IVi) cent per month Six (fill dollars per car. ruoablo In advance. To all foreign countries ono (Ml dollar per month Noticf Subscribers wlshfnr adlress changed must give oid as well a new address. HELL. 3000 WALM'T KHV. STOM . M MN itOI W9 t'idies all communlcntfani In Rirntno lizdocrt rdepenrfrnce Square, rhtlndriphia. tvirRtin at Tim riiit-AnrtriiiA rniorriri! a MOOMirl.lH MAIL MATTEB. ran avlaaoi: nkt pmd dily cm- CULATIC.V OF TIIK i:vn:.I.VO I.UDUE.t Fort MAIM II VS IOO.r.71 DnlidrlpliU. Irl.. Mir "I" Billions cent for Kraft! fur defence, but not one Tho answer problem Is at Kiel. to the sulimiulnc Seeds of )iattlotlm har nt least brouRht forth Kicat munition plants. The tiuth Is better when It's young; this should bo lemombered by the tensois who hnndlu war dispatches, i Many nthletlolookini; ouths are now wealing flass nn their collars. A gun on the shoulder wou'd be more becoming. Temperance Is undoubtedly a Rood thlnp, but let us also be temperate In our remarks. Do not make .sUKRcstlons which hurt a necessary business Even tho o'd cans and paper which He In tho city dumps may now be transformed into money; about the only thing really Koing to waste Is the professional politician. The Fiankf inter Ze'.tuiiK's com plaint that America has becomo ns militaristic as Germany suiKRests how promptly the bully will 'whine when one attempts to tlsht him on an thins like equal teims. 7 "Piesidcnt Wilson will bite granite," thundets Dr. Johannes Kaempf, of the Reichstag. I'hlladelpbians i.iu best letort In the Immortal woids of tho lato Mayor Rejburn, "Ah, but think of the strain on stone!" No one should unsto much time with General Staff objections, based on (!en eral Staff suppositions of how America should raise aimles New York Tribune Why. Indeed, have a General Staff When the Tribune is nlway.s on the Job? If the Czar and his family are banished to Kngland, as Is now pioposed, they mtsht form a nico littlo club of crownless monarchs, of which ex Empress nuRenlo of ,'ianco and c.: King Manuel of Portugal could be lead ing members. t "With a igilanco committee foim lng In one patt of tho town and the police themsehes forgathering In an other to protest ugaltiht piesent con ditions, Is it not possible that the citv Rdministiation will foiget politics long enough to introduce even some sma'l measure, of efficiency Into the conduct of the several municipal departments.'.' Never has there been such chaos and in efliclency, beginning in ono department and ending In which other no man knows. German revolutions seem to belong to tho realm of delusive hopes. There Is a ray of cheer, however, In the appoint ment of Philip Scheldemarn, an avowed Social-Democrat, as head of a Reichstag committee to revise the German consti tution. If there is no revolt In sight in the empire, theie Is at least considerable political unrest, Scheldemann is even mentioned ns a possible successor to Bethmann-Hollweg as Chancellor. The former is said to have actively urged peace with Russia. His accession to power might mean new nnd morn reason able peace teims offered to all tho bel ligerents. In any event, tho career of a German Socialist, who is also a pro Gov ernment man, is well worth watching. No amount of money, howeven vast, is commensurate with tho value of on invention that will crush the sub marine menace. Financial encouragement of any one with an idea is imperative. Tho Government can equip great labora tories for experimentation. In an era when nobody blinks at billions, huge sums can and should be at once promised to tho scientific miracle-worker who produces the device to subdue the Frankenstein monster of tho U-boat which wo our selves created. No sum is too extrava gant for that end. Let a million dollars be offered for a submarine queller. No man with an idea, however humble he may be, should be despised. Uncle Sam must give him workshops to develop his conceptions. The "Yankee of inventive mind" Is supposedly a national type. Now Is the chance for him to prove his mettle. RM.B Unimpntnant nhnilM hnrlc tllm tn ih ;'.(-tot In all hjs endeavors. VHi. .. j- . h . PJtH4v ait ---' - -- ".- -.t. tlcal School that will help turn out olTlccrs for our luiRO new merchant marlno that is under way Is now definitely In sight. Tho recommendation that Councils appro pilnto $25,000 wns strongly urged jester day by tho Joint Committee nn Coinmetco and Navigation. Tho Vino bill piovldes that tho city glo this sum when tho Leglslattno passes tho mcasuio devoting $150,000 to tho ptoject. States like Massachusetts and New Yoik, which maintain such schools, recclvo nn nnntial appropriation fiom Congtess of $25,000. Congressman Mooio has pledged himself to KUppoit this cauce in Washington. The need for. prompt action is Impel ntlvc. Amcilcan nuvlgatois must command Ameilcun ships. Pennsylvania builds mote csscla than any State In tho Union. It Is her plain duty to help olllcer them, and tho Nautical School points tho way. CUT DOWN BREAD-EATING! AMERICANS will continue to help the - Kaiser's U-boat campaign of bread wasting until they see clcarlv where It lends and what pioportlon of the horUon of war the submarine terror fills. It is no esiiguciatlon to siy that tho monthly wastage of scot cs ot ships and millions: of bushels of wheat overshadows every other military anil naval consideration A nation that can do with tho I'-bo.tt what Germany Is doing ran never bo beaten except by cMraonllnnty sacrifice, Tho sacrlfUo that must be made Is the Immedlato nnd continued cutting down of the consumption of bread in every Amqrlcnn household, Wo must have wheat to waste, we must wasto It in the cargoes that Inevitably will bo sent to the bottom of tho Atlautl" in older that at least two out of cvciy thico wheat car goes reach their goal The olllcer who 01 dors his men to charge a bnllerv docs ro In tho deliberate knowledge that ho must waste a number of his men in order to accomplish his purpose. In the frame way do we know that we are being called upon to waste, deliberately, n cer tain peicentage of our wheat that Is now charging tho battery of German U-boats to accomplish our purpose. If so much necessary wnslo is the order of tho day in this frightful sltuntion, how dare we waste one crumb or crust of bread at homp? To ue ns much bread ns we have been using, to icfuso to cut down our con sumption of it by one-half or tlnee-quar-ters, Is the equivalent of killing our own soltlletH In camp, lieilln does not care whether Allied soldleis nte killed in battle or die befoie they go into bat tle; the lesult Is the same. And P.ei lln will not caie whether U-boats .sink wheat ships or Amei leans waste lucid; the lesult will bo the same. The battle line has coma to our dinner tables. The Kaiser has called upon our stomachs to be his allies. The U-boat is winning; the building of American ships can defeat It Rut they will not defeat it unless there is enough wheat to put into the ships, wheat to waste. Perishable food, food that cannot be transported a long distance, vegetables and the like, can be eaten freely. Rut we must school ourselves to eat no moie than one piece of wheat bread with them, becauso wheat is not peiishable, it can be transported. Jt Is tho only thing that can keep the Riltlsh navy and tho 43,000,000 persons back of it holding our foe off for us until wo are ready to give him the knock-out. The proclamations of tho President and of tho Rrltish King plead with their peo ple to bo sparing of food. Every citizen should take upon himself the duty of spreading this message. The egotist who has his own notions of what must he done nnd who goes his wasteful way should be roundly rebuked The family must bo content with half tho loaf. Tor a new nnd tcirible meaning has como into tho old saying that "Half a loaf is better than no bread " If England's navy and the Allied cause aro starved out, our navy must fight Geimanv's single-handed. That would mean tho loss ot many thousands of American lives. AVo can save them by tavlng wheat. PATRIOTIC RAILROAD WORK A QUARTER of a million miles of Amer ican railroads aio now under Federal control. Tho 175 companies that share In this mileage liavo turned over their propeities to tho Government without demanding a single guarantee. A board of flvo men appointed by tho Council of National Defense controls tho destinies of theso organizations, Hero is an ex ample of constructive patriotism of tho highest type. Shipbuilding and food production takft time. Equipment for rail transport pur poses is already at hand. That not a moment has been lost in organising these resources on a war basis vastly facilitates our handling of other problems of tho conflict. Chairman AVllIard, of tho lallroad board, has urged the suspension of full crew laws in order to release expert rail way workers for other service; tho reduc tion of free tlmo for loading and un loading freight from forty-eight to twenty-four hours In order to releaso p quarter of a million cars for ono trip a year, and tho cancellation of unnecessary passenger runs to thut additional facili ties can bo devoted to carrying food stuffs and munitions. Such suggestions are of the most vital practical value. They, and the many others that will undoubtedly bo forth comiig from the commltt.-e in Waslllhg. ton, should be heeded with the same patiiotic celerity displayed by tho rail road heads when they submitted without 'question to Government control. Con- w type win win wii win <itfiS2ikijt w EVENING LEDQER SOME AMERICAN WAYS IN ENGLAND Our Factory Methods, Adopted for War Purposes, Will Revo lutionize British Industry Ry GILHERT VIVIAN SELDES I, ON' DON. April 21. r NTi;iti:.ST in "ntter-tlic-u.vr" ebbs and Mows In England Not fo long ago tlio talk of irifiiistitiitlnn became so prevalent that u minister of the nnwn bad tn warn tho people In a niemoinble epigram. "I.nnk after the wnr," bo F.ild, "nnd nfter-the-wnr will look after Itself." It 1ms been my elnnce to meet n great iniiiv prr.soiH who lrnvo been inbrtnlly of fended by this lebuke and a. number nt others who simply cannot follow out the ministerial Injunction The former are the theotlsts of the teeotisttuctlon The latter nte tlin pi.utlc.il men who nro trying to figure out vv Ii.it the effects of tho wnr vvl!l bo on tndustiy In Cngl.ind, whit they will tin with the munition factories, what time it will tnko to reconvert factories to normal uis, ami no on These last points nro of Inteiest to Amer ica because of two things' dm will have to meet tho ramo sol t of problems herself and fIio will be nrfeeted by tlin length of tlmo demanded by England t get Into her Industrial btilde Tho (-Itintlon, us regards the firm point, may be different because of Jlffeient ariangements. Tho llrltlsh manu facturing plants devoted to war materials nro of two classes, (loverniiicnt-owned and (loverntnetu-t'ijutrolliil ant! of these the lat ter nte in the propottlon of fifty to one Hut the Govt rnment-owiicd indtistrlrs will have tile gieaicr llilliienco and will present the mnie pressing ptoblun There are ninety five of them, according to the latest figure I can get, against 4300 controlled firms The Ministry of Munitions figures give semo startling details about tho owned plants. Tlieio aro twelve factories making heavy shells nnd nothing eKe, and these tweho cover an nu.i of seventy acres, and Include. IO.ijOO midline tools, using some 23,nnu horsepower In opetntlon 1 lie other plants are of corresponding sire. And, far iimie Important, tho factories built aro of the very latest models absolutely against the first pilnciplos of liiltlsb factory build ing Factory Builtling- Revolutionized i:.ieb factory is sectlonally built, and if the war goes on any luigth of time It will be possible to add new sections And when the time come, to tuin these factories over to nthet lndusttl.ll ues It will be possible to divide factories easil.v, even between two totally difieient factories Theso factories, with abundant light, airanged so that the progress fiom raw material to finished product Is direct and involves no shipment acioss the factory floor, no tinning b.uk. nn waste ate the highest tvpo of Am.ctlc.an building Tint the will sirve after the war Is the unanimous opinion of the build ing englneeis to whom I have talked nn the subject 1 neiil h.itdb i-ay that the Govern ment has said nothing as to the number which villi b available for other than mill taiy use .lftei the war. Tint depends still on the outcome Hut the tffiet of having thee buildings In Itiltaln will nut be limited to tho use tmde of them Thev have already begun the p-oiess of levolutlnnls'.Itig fnetnrv build ing in llilt.ilii I talked the nthet (lav o nil epeit ill loneiete building His film his been In the lliltish field for nianv seals and has made ptogtess In Instilling tho Idea of glass-and-steel buildings ns opposed to the bilck-nnd-d.it kn ss tvpo He told mo that the progress bad been slow, but that since the win the film had booked more oidits than It had booked In all the time befoie tho war Itiilldlng is restricted Just now and eiders nre f.'cd to be computed aftei tho war. It was from an entirely different source that I wns made to leallzo the Impottauee of this change A man who h.13 been wotk lng In various publicity schemes and Is himself connected with the lirge't firm of prlnteis In this lountiv told me that the transformation of factory buildings would. Increase production in Rritaln by 15 to 20 per cent "Vou have no Idea of the loss wo undergo here every diy, ' he said "Wn are wasting time and effort slmplv because wo haven't nriiinged our factories Wo haven't light enough to seo bv We waste eleettlcltv and wn waste time Go down to our in luting shop and eompii. It with the old building and vou will see what I mean" went .11 t saw I nm le.idy tn be lieve that frictoiv construction Is tho first pioblem tn be solved lit the Industrial re constiuc Hon of Iiritaln. and tint when It Is solved the increase In production villi alono p.iv oft the war debt In two generations Tho example of tho ulnetv-flve f.ovein-meut-ownod plants has been followed In nil the vast extensions of tho controlled films Vcrv few have been able to meet their obligations without Increasing factory anas, nnd as controlled firms have had the ptlvllegn of building mmy nf tho additions have been planned on new models. Tho VMier of ono controlled firm give mo his opinion that a vat majority of the owners In his position would scrap the old buildings altogether, gradually tearing down and adding on sections of new factories. Taking Workers From the Slums Tho usual thing has happened tn fac tories here. If they were not built near tho slums tho slums came and huddled up against the factory walls That has been changed. In the first place, many workers were, for tho first time, ablo to live In something better than a slum In the se. ond, extensions have forced owners to con fiscate land nnd to tear down adjoining buildings. Tho demand for light and air has had much to do with tho change be cause tho Health Department of the Min istry of Munitions has taken good cato of tho workers Another improvement has been the removal of many factories to the countryside In a variety of ways this first problem ot restoring industry and reform ing It has been met Ono final effect of the buildings them selves I can note, although It verges on an other topic on which many more things can bo said. Tho factories which the Govern ment will sell or hand over to manufac turers aro too big for the kind of manufac turing which Iiritaln lias known Large scale production Is a novelty here, Mr Ford's working methods are heard of but not experienced, nnd I am told that his com ing to Cork with a tractor plant has, to put It delicately, given several manufacturers fits They do not fear his prices so much as they fear his methods. But the new factories will do more than Invite a change They will compel a change. They will say to tho producer lucky enough to get them, "Look here! We're too big and too good to be wasted on your silly, slipshod, Ineffective methods of production You've got 1000 feet of belting supplying transmission of power, Vou have used about fifty feet In your old das. Buck up and use all of It now. Make us repectable by putting us to work, every Inch of us Look what 'munlsh made out of us." When the world will begin to reconsider what Britain has made out of herself as a producing country with those wearisome, wasteful. Irritating methods she once em ployed, the world may weir look with won der Into tha future Into what Britain will be when she takes up production "In a serious way." That way is bound to coma. in4 thft beginning of tlwW b in,tfc - PHILADELPHIA, l FRIDAY, MAY 4, 1917 Tom Daly's Column ju:.'Ai8SAXcn Garvcn pohl aiul slthcn tlsiuc praecd the aUl'Umc irnaludiirr; llcnutii (out the until nf l'lnirncc, (ilnil- icn fiom the limit nf 1'rniwc. ffo f spring ns hcnuly-lnilnu nnd nitlfl- ccr nt finer Vnlntliii; ?Ar? of mine panels, weaving silks nf eglantine, Ilulltllng Htit-ipliei, illuming the red an- leolct nf the tnic, WMip'iinii (I nil n her garden chancelt, "l'luek the hlnsinm eie If gnri." THOMAS WALSH. When Joe Potsdamcr first thought he'd like to lenrn to sing he picked out for tcac'icr the now famous I.ouls Koom tnenlch, who wns then tho leader of Phl'iidelphla'.s .lunger Mnenn'Mchor. "Mr. Potsdamer," risked Koemmcnlch, after tho fli. st lesson, "dldt sou egspecdt some time to be a teg'lnr singer, even a par lor singer? ' Joe disclaimed ambition of nnv sott "All right, then," said Koem mcnlch, "I take j our money." f 'snr.i.n: r.i ;;. ; .vnr.v ".S'rn Abandon Mush." What's the blnnmln' tush? Wonder If then knew just uhnt they wcto nhnut? "Hint s Abandon Mush " I'lsh! nnd also tush ! That's nn soit nf news to make a stir about. "Slavs Abandon Mush." Tnmmjirnt nnd slush! That's the stuff tn hold their flag aloft, t thought. Alnnys deemed the lush Mat s a baud nn mush; 'J'heg imuhl neter lenie a thing ,sn soft, I thought. Clean! f tell pon' Hush! Slavs abandon Mush? Tush! Irish joke. KfsslVNs r.li: t f VITSK llnn.UInK In N Y, t'mitrmp Gracious! and the warm weather coming on! Ilev, Mlehelovltch! Eend the poat out of fainting distance. Some far-sighted German, having in mind tho peills of tho sea and with nn e.vo to psycliologlc.il effect, must have had a hand In naming that sunken tanker tho Rrltish Sun SPEAKING nf riddles, here's the .solu tion of ono tint mv stifled us much. Wo are now informed that tho singer who w ,u bled for the patiiotic gathetlng on Citv Hull PltiiM last Satin day was not our genl.il self, but J. G Dnlley, author and composer of "A Saloonless Nation In 10 JO." "America," and "Hats oh" to the Flag." Marking Time Absolute confidence have I none. But my aunt's charwoman's sister's son Heard n pollnman on his beat Say to a hnusunald In Downing stieet That he had u brolhei who bad ,i friend-; Who knew when the war was going to end Hhmi- 'urrnt in London. And our predicament's quite as queer! Wo havo rro "charwomen" over here, Nor have wo, either, a Downing hticet; So we'ie unlikely ever to meet Enough wNp people to hear of ono Who Knows when ours will be begun. Tho Rcdpnth Evceum Ruicau gave n pnrt.v at Rochester, N. Y leiently for the edification of its agents and seveinl hun dred chairmen ot Chautauqua committees. It brought Strickland Glllllnn from Raltl moie and Ralph Rlngham from Philadel phia to show off. Stilck began his stunt with this one. "Once upon a tlmo a chinch gave an ovster supper. Theie were two ossters in the stew, nnd one sidled up to the other nnd said, 'What do they want with both of us'"' to -inn rm:stni:r PrfRl'li-nt VVllon work iHy ami ntsht Tor tn :l our .ounlrv s rlcht As I rrnil tlin nwfnnpr frrv night win! lip h H to ho rlsht l'nr corscrlptlon w- nre nil v ,. sh.ll hi, nil fur our enuntn's call If 1 onl. l.n a l.ov I . nulil loin with nrl.lo nnil Jov The trn . Hr-oM nortrs iii.nixA .vrrnAMS. The Noel Printing Company being in picssing need of help, offered a job to an ex-ptessmnn who had been highly recom mended. The "ox-piossrnnn" explained with some difficulty that he was not nn ex-prcssman but nn expressman, NEVER KNEW ITTO FAIL Or Tlies in the Ointment Letter came to us from a man we had never met asking us to do him n favor. It was a pleasant letter and he said nice things very prettily: "If sou will come nnd be tho club's guest at the dinner and glvo us a littlo talk, I'm sum tho mem bers will never forget you. You nro al ready known to manv ot us bj' reputa tion; your name is a household word," And so on and so on. Fine, wo thought nnd then wo looked nt the top of tho sheet. Ho had our first name "Richard" nnd he misspelled our surname. The homespun sign painter who put forth the announcement displayed at nn uptown movie houso last week where' Anita King was shown In flllum Is sure no loyalist at heart. Here's how he spaced it; AN IT A KING Love Does Affect the Eyes Dear Boss Second avenue, Asburv Tark. Is within two or three blocks of Wesley Lake, and far too distant for even a glimpse of Deal Lake, nt tho other end nf the town Moreover, there aro no boathouses on the ocean front, but nlong the Boardwalk at Intervals nre the bath houses where surf suits may he donned. George Weston, 111 his "Putting the Bee In Herbert" (last week's Saturday Kvenlng Tost), says: " at a boarding house on Sec ond nvcnuo .she was sitting near tho steps of the veranda, looking down tho avenue nt tho moon Fairy boats festooned with paper lanterns made magical moving splashes of color on tho ripples of Deal Lake." And ngnln "Herbert and Nellie Bauntcred down the Boardwalk, past tho boathouses Are such Inaccuracies the sign of genius or would you judge the author to be nar rating an experience of his ovvh, nnd, under the circumstances, forgive the lack of obser vatlon? HUGH MKRR. A Camden champion of Whitman who Jeers at us for defaming our "peers" (not understanding the meaning of that word), cites "O, Captain, my Captain," as proof of Whitman's ability to handle rhyme. That excellent threnody Is our chief wit ness against the pompous old . prattlw. I 'nil pymAfyJift, 'fmWLS COMMANDER - t...V.'.rfc r raw-, M. " -I nv VO THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE Esperanto as the Hope of Future Peace The Question of Send ing an Army to France Ihh iJrpnrlmmt i iter in nil rmlm uJio it isU to ripiri? their oinmanv on nuhiccis of ciirrriif Utttrrst, It s an open Jorum and tltr J iifnp l.nlurr assuutrs vn trsjjm.ni?.. if J " the i leu i ot its t oiti vioh.m-. i. I cttrrv mvit hr sum.. ?iy th' timnt rnnl artriicw of Hip tMif.r, vnt itrccmril for jntblictition, but at a tumantct of oood Jaith INVENTOR OF ESPERANTO Tn the I'dilnr of the I'.icnlna Ledner Sir 'I lie deith of in I, Z.itnenhnf. au thor of i:spetnnto, lately reported in our esteemed evening pipei, must have been a shock to all ndnilreiH nnd students of this remarkable mans eminent llfewnrk. Ono of them bigs leave to submit a few addi tional remarks concerning the man and his v oi k A great thinker nnd linguist. Doctor .am enhof observed how often tho differ erne nt language creates not only inlsundei stand ings hut also bad feeling and even hatred among people: at the same time he realized that many ot us can neither afford the means nor tho je.us required for a thorough stuih of even the easier languages, not rn speak ot the Slavic or Oriental ones. So he set himself to woik nnd created from the toots of most Ruiopean languages a new ' au.xlll.u.v" tongue to which ho gave regular grammatical rules, but bo sim plified them so much that Rsperanto can be learned In less than a quarter nf the time iiMPwk.ii .v to acblevo nnv thing In the stuilv of even the easiest ot our modern lan guages It has been introduced In some schools of Franco and Germanv as a foundation language, superseding tho Latin. Among tho cultimd people of our own country many clubs were started, tonventlons were called, speeches made and, plays enacted successfully In Rsperanto This, of course, was before the world war After Its Inovltnblo conclusion, such nn easy mode ot expression will bp moro needed than ever before to cement anew tho broken links nf nations Last, not least, there Is obvlojis com mercial value in Rsperanto, which no wide awako business man can nffotd to over look. The Japs havo grasped tho Idea from the very beginning. Aro wo going to lag behind" Rsperanto clubs or classes should spring up In cvciy community Thev would be the more fitting monument to tho memory of the man who devoted more than half a lifetime to the task of creating and perfecting this auxiliary language, meant to bo ono of tho most efllclent means toward harmonizing national discords and bringing nearer to us thx goal of each good man nnd woman In every nation tho goal of ono unltfd human brotherhood! II. STRAUB. Philadelphia, May 1 AN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE? To the Editor nf the Evening Ledger: Sir This evening I read ill our worthy paper a letter by one ot your readers com plaining ot tho fact that there Is a possibil ity of not having the army sent over to Ruropc, as It has been stated la the Army nnd Navy Journal Tho writer demanded to mako It public through our paper. He was sure that it would fall ns a "thunder bolt" upon a large majority ot us, At the first thought I could not believe my eyes ns to the possibility of so Inhumane a statement. Does our civilized world In the twentieth century really contain such brutal and bloodthirsty persons as all that? Or has tho bitter struggle across tho ocean affected somo of us In such a wny that they have actually lost their human senses? Some persons do npt know how to servo their country with their so-called patriot ism, Is ho not patriotic enough to see the best In his country? And does he not know that wo have nrnong our authorities on this matter men who nchleved their most responsible positions through their profi ciency ond competence? Neither will any one ever doubt the patriotism of the leading men of our army and navy. They are un doubtedly laboring hard enough to work out plans for the welfare of our country. Consequently I and, I may say, a great majority of patriotically devoted citizens of this country, cannot see the sense of the statement which appeared under the head ing, "No Troops to Europe." i As for myself, I can by no mtang see how pur beloved country .would benefit, more, by wUfl.-. jumngyKvio, t rjr cm !. .fi a" . - .ri- era -. . .. r- - . - 5Ac---"5"' - ,r'i- .- w. ... r ,.'' IN - CHIEF OF THE HOME .GUARD t f li " 'MV ' 4? .ti li2 vaBriL which may be anticipated nt jmy time, and In Its stead giving tho Allies financial help, of which they nro in much need nt this vety moment I shall remain hoping that peopln will ndopt the principle of thinking twice before saying or acting once when It comes to so serious a crisis ns the ono we .no In Just now. A patriot in the full sense of tho word M.MON CIIAVIN. Millvllle, N. J May 1. LOOKING FORWARD To the Editor of the Eicnina Ledger: Sir I believe that tho following lines are timely: When this great war Is over, And mighty battles cense; When guns are laid to cover, And nil the wotlds at peace, "TIs then pel baps we'll think of one, Who stood the scoffs and Jeers; And credit things whlih ho has done. By plaudits ami wild cheers. With Washington and Lincoln, ea, And hemes' blood well spent, Weil link his name nnd proudly say 'Our noblo Jiesldent." KU.VNIC A. I'i:NROSI3 Philadelphia, April 2C. NAUTICAL SCHOOL The Inquirer Joins in the Demand TJiat the State Aid the City It Is safe to asseit that theie has never been a tlmo when theie viero gicitei op portunities for joiing men In tho merchant niai mo than nt the piesent time We will havo the ships in the near future, we villi have them In considerable numbeis, and then it will be neces-aiy to find tho men to man them How aro such ofllceis to be obtained If not fiom tho training schools such as It is proposed to restoro in this State-' Philadelphia's school ship nevei should havo been abolished, but iinfortu ruitelj It was permitted to run down by de grees until finally it readied such a decrepit stago that It did not seem woith saving. It wns literally starved to death by Colin ells nnd tho Legislature Congress fui nished tho training ship, but our own State and city authorities wcie not willing to appropriate tho modest sum needed to keep tho thing In commission Ddltorlal In to day's Philadelphia Inquirer. MORE THAN A HUMORIST A letter by Mark Twain has Just come to light which Is, of unusual interest In connection with tho recently published statement regarding tho anonymous publi cation of his book "Joan of Ate" The letter, has been found in tho flies of his publishers, llaiper & Bros, who aro this ear celebrating their centennial. Mark Twain wrote; "Throughout all the months I was en gaged on this work I was filled with tho ono thought It was to bo the means of winning mo a new place In tho world of letters. Before tho Harpers began tho serial publication of tho story an idea struck mo hard tho namo Mark Twain was tho trouble, Tho critics wero certain to see nothing but humor In the story If It mine out with tliat fateful name tagged to it. "Convinced of this, I called on tho Har pers and gave them my views of the case. Wo wrangled over It for hours, but In the end I had my way and they consented re luctantly to publish tho stoiy anonymously. "Well, pretty much evervbody Is famil iar with what followed I got the verdict. The critics nearly worried themselves Into nervous prostration, and majlio I didn't get iny revenge! I let them speculate and chatter for nearly two joais ns to the authorship of the 'Personal Becollcctlons nf Joan of Arc' beforo I printed a card In Harper's Informing them that Mark Twain had written ft. "And did any of these literary highbrows suggest In all their ravings that It was a book ot humor? Well, I guess not! Mark Twain nt last stood for something more than mere tomfpolery," EXTENDING MONROE DOCTRINE Nearly ta hundred years ago President Monroe enunciated his famous doctrine. One of its main Unets was and Is that any extension of monarchy on this side of the ocean is a menace to our free institu tions. It has become oven clearer lately that, any spread of the Prussian autocratic power was a menace to free Institutions all over the world, ours as well as all others. .Tf th Unnm. nnf-trlrtj, waa ,ula. t ,-. j.'.. x,xzszrzziZ"'rviimja?.ai'i. . . w1 WSM i f Ik wn .-- Jwtir t r-Jfc- .,-! t T yT" c' What Do You Know? Queries of ptneral' interest u.111 lie aniitml fn this eolumn. Ten questions, the answmi ultich ncri uell-informed verson should JcwJ are ashed daily. QUIZ 1. Wliiil U (lip mrnnlne of "Vive TAmerlm Mini ibiw is ii pronouneeu'. ". m wns Fremont? y. Mio Is llnoci II. Crowder? 4. How itlil rim cMiri.lnn. ".IflTrraoiiria uJ ".rb mi niini'iieiij. ' oriKinmer 5 Wllllt tlnPM "till ImaMl" tn-an-t 0. Lexington Market Is one ot the larrtit'J l'"it " '" '4",elf', ,n " M ' "!). '? ..Jnlinnnea Kaempf. who nail II I'rrtldcnt Hllsnn will "bite sranlt"j: . Wlint lilnl hides Its bend vilien dui threntem.? 0. nme the, mpiinl of I'ohiml? , 10. Uh.it In "condign niinlnlimpnt"? M Answers to Yesterday's Queries' I. . rnt vIIIubk Is n IHiiKe thut liai a pat of Ike. j SAlfon-ii XIII U nine of Spain. 3. Ml. Ar.inil l In northeastern Turktr. (ween the lll.irk nnil (he Caspian not Jar from (he inrner where the 1st on, ltu.lun nnil I'rrMun houiulnrlfi not I. An omnibus I, III nutliorkini a rlet of lecl-latlio inrnaum, nunhaisi Inrr nnd muni impropriation for in nltloii, stores, furlllldilliins. etc. "( 5. I.llliu Hoot, former Serretary of SUto,t In head tlin proposed American tau Mon i Russia. !. Min.li Is In Turkish Armenia, near th hi Mm hnnlrr and nhout C.'.V milea nn onstniitliiople on an nlr line. 7 imnto Allshleri, (he "shnkmpeiire of Itilj" was n milea poet of (he thirteenth M fourteenth lenturles who wrote 'tlhllP vine (oinrd)," ft 8. Laik r ships would lie (he cuune of Ml In sending Amerlian troops lo FrtBifc 0, "The) went with he nnd I" Is lncefW hei.mse "he" anil "1" nre (he nomb , the forms of the pronoun. "They wjj wltli him n nil me., la correct, IieeauM p ohjeethe. forms follow a preiiosltlon. s II). ".Vs (he (row dies" means In a itfluii line, (online from (he fnit (tint toe trs usually (lies In a straight line. -5 Hifihest Mountain Sj i:. T W. Blue Knob, in Bedford Cou tv. Is tho highest point In Pennsjhanll Its altitude Is 3130 feet. f Church of tho Advocate J M W The Hplscopal Church ot th Aj vocate, Klghteenth nnd Diamond strew Philadelphia, Is very similar to the 0 thedral at Amiens, France, though mwt smaller. Both of these edifices are ft" types of the French Gothic style ot archt lecture. Minimum Army Height CONSTANT READnn Only a Pro visit to tho army recruiting office will" cide whether or not jou aro eligible"!" enlistment. Tho minimum height for pllcnnts less than eighteen years eld five feet two Inches and for men of t ty-one or more years five feet four Inch Since war was declared, however, this U been abolished, according to recrultlnf fleers, to tho extent that If an applicant! physically fit and otherwise appears to I a likely recruit a slight deflclencjrTl height will not keep him out of the sen SI "Noblesse Oblige" r.. T. W. "Noblesse oblige" Is FreMJ meaning "nobility obliges." It Is usetj denote the Idea that nccompanylns m rank or birth Is the obligation or duOT Just nnd generous behavior. It I't-J nounced "no-bless o'hlcezh," the "o" soi having a trace of the short "u" souno.' The Birkenhead Drill K. D. The troop ship BlrkenheadiJ lost off the coaBt of South Africa Jan 7, 1852. The troops on board wefa-J irnlni. m,t ,n ...n 1.., . n , narl IV et,f "wfc lu nm, iui lu ,u,, ,.. - garrlson In South Africa, and a num; of the soldiers wero accompanied by tl wives and children. The ship struck sunken rock at night nnd the sea pou Into her, Tho wotnen and children w placed In three boats, which wero sal pushed off, while tho soldiers stood at tentlorr on the doomed ship's deck as ste tly as It on the drill ground and w down with her. In all, 454 soldiers w thus bravely to their death. A few ro aged to swim ashore, while some clung wreckage and were picked up next m ins uy a passing vessel, wnicu lmu( rescued the women and children Inl pwi( rmw ui mh(u iiuiueiu cor lima win,' Wf smwvj jrCT'i! Mli