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,2 Vlf- ' ' 'sr: j ,r rf v t jm '-vr ys -'A . 7 s Jt ?." P'rfi ' -Iff k'M . t. r.sw & f JVK ft iv fK Pi a'V n tt r?. X 8V. , ' fiir fa iS w Fw.- XV" ft., tZSM m iJ, m t l ,1 1 A IT K, . Pf.'' iVftt j.-;-' .t., nf ftl ft, ' . Y-fr - ltATATt Nj52e&9W h- i Jafces Til i-r.r rsmtrtr ruDL.ll x.ciur.i ViUiunin i CYRUS It. K. CUUTIS, Pai8iDi.iT R 'ttsarlee H. iAidlnrrten, Vic Presldentl John i! ' CBavriel tt. Martin Martin, wecrtiarv ana iT-aBureri rniup p. jonn u. vviniams, jonn J. ururseon. vhalcy. Directors. t?nrnnntAT. Tirtuwr.. , Ctsci H. K. Cecils, chairman. ).,f, H. tvhaley Editor i- , III ' "nbllshed daily tt Pc"io I.rixirn Building. , , Indepenienco Square. Valladclphla. t.srwlfcB r?crait nr.uil nnd Chestnut fitreets it Atlaxtio ClTI ITets-Unlon Dulldlne ininToac.ii 200 Metropolitan Tovvtr f,,v PiTaoiTi,.., ....... 4".i rord Humane 9'It. l.opnt , loog Kullerton llul'll e f'; VBiWiW IIIIIMI tlll.VII 4 f .VM..U JWMVI.lt Bv''JJL NEWS R1jlT W.ShInOIUN llt.UU f ' -VXJ' N. K. Cor. Term NEWS liUKEAUS xKj's N. K. Cor. Tenna 7l !" loil HiMiu... 4.?, tosooK lionr.AU nsylvanla Ave. and 14th '.. ! inp AHit tJuiiuiTiir i.Marrnnl House, strnnit .32 lt. toula la Ornd ., SUBSCRIPTION" TERMS "c The Hrrvixo Lrwm la served to subscribers In Phllidelphla and surrounding towria at tho ,t"j rata of twelve 12 cents per uiel;. payablo 10 luqtaiurii ...... y man to poinift ouiaiiio or .'miaaeipnia. in the United Stales, Canada or United fct.'.tes poa taalona, posiape tree, fitly (OOl cent per month. Six ttsi dollars per star, payable In To all forelin countries one (II) dollar per fenonth. Notici Subscribers wishing' addrees chanced Ktut clve old as well ai new address. V fcnX, )000 TALNUT KCYST0E. MAIN 3000 tea tfiddren U commttnlrrtflons to Eveng Ledoer, Hepe."ce Square, Philadelphia. ' t . iii j IKTistD at Tnn rnaittiLrnu rororriCB u SECU.MVC1.1F3 UAIL UATTEH Mlilfjtlphli. MoniIirt, Moirralxr 1, V)Vt patience; not panic, in coal crisis rTIHE coal question has been worrisome, " but, after all, a bit academic to most persons. It was a problem to bo solved by political economists: a serious problem to bo sure, but one easily shouldered oft on statesmen during the agreeable sum mer weather. With the Bcniallty of fall In this climate, of course, the problem fould hardly becemo more urgent for olutlon. Tho chill In tho nlr that por tends winter Is talcing the matter out of the abstract class Into tho concrete. It may take the first snows to '. lng a realis ing senso of crisis. Tho fuel administration, both national and local, has done marvelous work In organizing a mode of operation oui of tho chaos of an unstandatdlzed business, and one In which tho charges were made all the trafflc could bear with supremo dlb regard for tho ultimate consumer. Abuse's have been e.ided, errors have Ken rectified, profiteering has been subjected to. hard blows. But tho facts that all families have not been able to lay In their normal stock of coal and that coal Is being parceled out in tons or half tons In this city, when it can be delivered at all, show that Philadelphia Is duo for a hard winter unless definite measures are taken to relieve the emergency. The very poor will suffer most. They always do. But their ranks will be on 'larged by householders In moderate cir cumstances unablo to lay In their ropular fuel supply owing to tho universal grip of excessive living costs. Even the well-to-do this year are unablo to translate their money Into terms, of anthracite. This Is tho bltuatlon. It Is not duo to the 'fact of a coal famine. The mines are freo of labor troubles. More coal Is being taken out than for many seasons. More coal Is demanded for extraordinary pur poses, such as munitions, shipbuilding and other wdr work, flian ever before, It Is true, but tho surplusago of production and individual economies should niako r theeupply sufficient unto the winter and nough for all. Philadelphia will not repeat tho dis tressing experiences of tho great coal atr'ke of 1901 If Immediate measures are devised for a systematic transportation of coal to the city and for equitable dis tribution when It comes. The crux of the question Is one of transportation, an Uls ttrlbutloh. Authority for correction and control is vested .n the fuel administra tion. The public must be patient, must not becomo panic stricken at the realiza tion of scarcity, made very concrete these cold mornings. Excitement and clamor are not constructive fores. Tho Government will not permit ex cessive hoarding by those ablo to buy. It will not permit "gouging" through undue profits, cither by railroads, opera tors or dealers. Already the Philadelphia coal committee has made mandatory the supply of coal for home. In which there la sickness, on tho warrant of u' physi cian's certificate. Plans to standardize the bucket trade, both In quantity given ..ytSnl rate, have been completed by the m-j municipal Bureau of Weights and Meas- Kv urea, thus Insuring fair treatment of f-v"- those least able to buy In bulk and least able to stand extortion on their small . Incomes. II. w ur Peopl ar b't too prono to be , ' like the care free grasshopper and too :& little like? the thrifty ant in Aesop's fable. :" It has taken many persons a long time to p'.reallzo that winter la coming, an abnor- jwU war winter. For earlier omission tec thinking must be intensive and con- atrated on tolerant acceptance, of tho . that can bo dono In n, crisis. Nothing Will bo gained by panic. 7 'K, AHTS LEGACY ?:- deajh of Rodin removes an in- ) spired 'leader from the world of art, I declared by sorno to be thc great- ti sMi!ftr since Michael Angelo. But It WoWy. 'after half a century of toil ituktihe won full recognition, from his. Franee, vwhose spirit of iltanlo en wa'tnice',hrolam he expressed so rlaJJlviKmoat. moderp wwearea - - ' years appear to hold little promise of change. The question has even been raised, Should wo not abandon tho arts until tho return of peace, with monoy needed for so many pressing emergen clcs? Ono might as well tell us to clve up laughter until tho return of pcaeo or to j gho up education or physical excicl'se. Tho strugglo which the civilized nations are making today Is In behalf of tho generations yet to come, and thcie would be no point In preparing to hand over to them n gray and dismal world not worth inheriting. The songs and tho great noe's which tho war has produced ate art, helpful to morale unci opinion. and there should bo no discrimination aKalnst tho painting and sculpluio which ! Hre lnc r worK ,n tno Ma nt lne recpnl bring tho same message In another Ian- ml'llon-dollar drive of the Ited Cross and gUagc j notable nfHMancci In spreadlnc the food j conservation pr pngandi, by themselves A PERMANENT NATIONAL ARMY , c",ftBt "f ,hur,lr:ds of, ncrc" f ' J'crtnpa their most recent success has been A PACIFIST usually goes from bad to thc -l-poal of M00.o6o.000 orth of Lib worse Thh vtan not tho case with ! ty Bw,- th.e "alc' "' lde-ph'a Henry Ford Starting lth a loathing of j l 'm'.unMnif to more thnn 12.000 000 war not to be rivaled by any pearo That there Is a mlehiy Mntlm.nt In fkvor shrmttr In l.tr. h hn enrtrrt hV . of y Sc"t '" Icnr'y evidenced last giving an example of patriotic service which many a lover of war for war's pake might imitate. Ho has offered to turn his complete plant over to tho Government for tho making of army trucks without profit. It has not been through any slackening of his hatred of bloodshed that tho lender ot tho famous peace expedition has changed his lcv of preparedness unitl now ho urges that tho tiovermnciit never abandon Its barracks or Its National Army. Ho has como to sco tho army as part of u huge national reorganization of Industry. Regretting that its chief in dustry at 'present Is warfare, he bees tho disclpllno that hundreds of thousands of young Americans aro now profiting by, for the first time In their lives, as a per manent asset. After peace comes, he says, we must develop a great national army for training all our young men between tho ages of eighteen and twenty-one We can bring them together from farms and cities In tho winter tlmo to the barracks and training places. A part of this national army of young men can be moed to places where big work for the nation Is under way. They can build dams, straighten rlcrs, develop Irriga tion work and aid hi constructing good roads that will bring our pcoplo closer together. Ho would add factory work to these co-operatlvo Industries. Some of the tug- gestious teem Impractical; all of them aro moro or less socialistic. But through them all runs a true spirit of co-operation for tho common good. It Is a strange fact, by tho way, that whatever phases of socialistic co-opcratton tho war has produced hao been opposed by no one but the Socialists. Part of Ford's dream Is already realized. Tho "army" of today would not bo recog nized as a distinctly military organization by generals of fifty years ago. It does build roads and railways, it manufactures, sets up telegraph and telephone systems, preserves health and helps finance tho Government. Ho Is right In hoping that tho Government of tho future will demand moro responsibility and belf sacrifice from tho citizen. For tho citizen who has tho moat duties has tho most rights. A PEACE DRIVE FAILS VICTORIOUS Teutons aro beginning to pay borne of tho.costs of Invasion in Venetla, savage counter-uttacks of Italians defending their homo soil having caused heavy losses. An especially hope ful sign of reorganization is tho fact that the Italians have begun to take prisoners, a thing not to bo dono by demoralized troops. There Is still danger to tho left flank, but If a turning movement were Imminent tho center and right would hardly contlnuo to hold tho line ot thc Plae. Uen though a new retreat bo neces sary and Venice abandoned. It Is appar ent now that tho main purpose of the drive has failed. In tho last three weeks the big surprise for the Germans has been the manner In which Allied moralo has stood tho shock of leverses that were Intended to start a great peace movement In the United States, England aud France. Governmental agitation in London and Paris has been all In tho direction of a strengthened, not a relaxed effort, and In Washington it is generally felt that thc defeat has cleared the air and, If any. thing, made for greater unity of purposo and concentration of effort. Tho people as well as the statesmen havo stood tho strain splendidly, and pacifism has lost rather than gained by tho reverse. Not the least of tho lessons of the Isonzo is that statesmen must be called to account beforo they muddle and not after. If the Y. M. C. A.'sarmy work is worth tho $1,600,000 the city has given, it Is worth tho $500,000 more that is re quested. We know what Penn did to Michi gan with tho aid of Berry, who person ally scored three tlrnes with one foot. But what would she have done without him? We are fighting for faithfulness. Jus tlce and truth, and It is these that will win. The Kaiser. They ,will, with or without the Kal. ser's aid. "Savo tho fats. They're fuel for fighters," Is a Hooverlsm. What's the matter with u "Fryless Friday" to add to the other "less" davs. and thereby accom plish another saving? Fri foods aro indigestible, anyhow. Suffragists who contend that men have no more intelligence than women may find some comfort In the following brief dialogue on a Market street "L." train: She I see that Northcllffe has resigned from the ministry. He Uh-huh! " , Industrious gloom purveyors aro now advocating abolishment of tho cus tom of making Christmas presents. This species of Individual Isonly happy when miserable and perfectly miserable when happy. Good cheer and smiles aro splen - did lubricants for the earth's axis; let's sprinkle them around plentifully. The charge that 20,000 votes for the Town Meeting ticket wero thrown out by the election agents ot the murder bund la credible. Men who would con- ik,to",ttrdr..,lB. jflatr 'to-ewf W5 EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, NEW LEADERS FOR BOY SCOUTS They Will Carry on the Good Work for the Men Who Have Gone ny ALLEN R. ECKMAN TH13 Hoy Scout movement as a national asT-t Is dally 'ncrcaslng In value Indl. cations f this nre not climcult to find One has hut to oxnmlno tho files of dally papers lo pee th-e i record of accomp'l'hmcnt hy lhep ars, the result of which Is felt from Mnlne to California. Instances In point week In Thllndclphla by a cenerous re spone made to an appeil for men to act as fout leaders In various departments of the oiganlzatlon. The boys had been hard hit by the war. More than 200 young men holding posi tions or rcoutmnstcrs assistant scoutmas ters, scout surgeons, naturalists, woodmen, lecturers drlllmastirs and examiners an swered the call to "m.nke the world s.ifo for democracy " Tnlnfd In tho scout school of clwi cltUenshlp and remembering tho scout oath to do their duty to Clod and their country there was hut one answer thes6 jiung men could make They mado It. With tlnlr depirture for var ous training camps there vcro left behind In Phlhdei phlu, leaderlcss, several thousand young citizens of tho future. When tho head, quarters ofilco of tho J3oy Sc uts puts out a service flag, that emblem will bo em b'azoned with more than 250 stars. There scarcely was a troop In Philadel phia but that In somo manner, directly or Indirectly, felt the loss of an older scout, all of wlnse avallablo tlmo had been util ized In teaching his younger fellows the essentials of manhood. That loss seriously affected tho bus'ness of Instructing boys In the rudiments of t responsibility, thus fit ting them to step Into the place In the h HiKnhnifi vnr.ited hv aii older brother or i parent who had answered tho call of tho" President. One of tho most noteworthy places whero scout leaders wero needed was tho Penn sylvania Institution for tho .Blind, at Over brook. Two troops havo been In ex'stence there for moro than a jear. These lads, though blind, havo been developing tho scout movement In many of Us branches. Hands served In tho place of eves, and In tho naturalist class groping fingers sensed tho development of vaiious tonus of vegeta tion and In like manner learned to classify many b rds and animals. Quick ears mas tered signal c des and deft hands learned tho art of bandaging and lesuscltatlon. The Daily "Good Turn" On November 10 tho boys began a seven day campaign to obtain volunteers for tho places vacated by those leaders who had gone to Join tho cohrs. "Cach troop In Philadelphia organized Itself Into groups of canvassers and thoroughly worked the dis trict 'u which It operated. Hundreds of posters were placed at p Ints of vantago thr ughout the city. These bore striking tes tlmony of the manner in which thc scouts labored for thc public good, and at tho samo tlmo set out their present imperative need. Various other devices, such as pa rades, recrult'ng wnpons and safety gates, wero employed in different sections of the city. Uvcry scout woro his uniform during tho campaign week. Scout headquarters at S25 Walnut strett maintained a recruiting station and received dlstr'ct reports. Re membering past performances of tho boys, Philadelphia generously responded, and tho campaign was a success By the mlddlo of the week 187 persons had appl ed at scout headquarters alone, volunteering their services. Various dls trlcts wero similarly rewarded for their labors. Not only will the personnel of lead ers again bo brought up to Its full quota, but tho scout master.' reserve corps will bo augmented materially. This means that In tho formation of new scout troops, made necessary by the ever-Increasing number of boys Joining tho organization, leaders will bo provided. At tho present time thero are moro than 5000 Hoy Scouts in Philadelphia being tnneht to "Do a Good Turn Dally." Good turns are the heart of scouting. They vaTy lemarkably In their scope and nature. Tho following four examples were presented at a recent troop meeting: Prevented a dog from being hit by a Picked up pieces of glass where chil dren were playing. A dog's foot was bleeding; I bandaged tt I A llttlo girl was crying. I asked her what was tho matter, .and she told me that she lost a cent. I gavo her a cent and 'she went away happy. Not long ago one boy reported to his. scoutmaster a good turn done for his sis ter. Ho said: "Sho wanted to go away, and mother would not let her go until she drank her cocoa. When mother left tho room I drank tho cocoa for my sister and bhe was allowed to go." The good turn, whllo Important, Is but ono phaso of bcout activity, there being at least fifty-six branches of scout craft at which a.boy may become proficient. These . . - ...... . .. ..v. e.a..MA . T. In inciuue nearly ever duu ui viu.vDt..iidiii., from agriculture to taxidermy, and embrace woodlore. building and its sidelines, rudi ments of business, bee keeping, chemistry, all sorts of farm work, first aid, cooking, music, work in metals and seamanship. Scouts' Work in War Upon tho scoutmasters whose ranks were so thinned by voluntary enlistments for military nervlce depends much of tho training of boys In these various grades of handiwork The master receives his com mission from tho National Council of Boy Scouts, upon tho recommendation of the troop committee. Ho must be twenty-one years old. and Is responsible for carrying out the general program and the super vision of tho troop. To help him in this work he has ono or two assistants, each of whom must be eighteen years old. Although essentially a nonarms-bearlng organization, the Boy Scouts may be count ed on to render Invaluable assistance to the United States during the present war. The activities along this line will bo of a nntiira entirely civic and tantamount to an auxiliary home defense of a nonmllltary character. What they are in snape xo ao, nave aheady accomplished or may be called upon to perform, perhaps may best be Illus trated by mentioning a few things tho scouts have done abroad: Organized relief measures among inhabi tants J helped families of men who were sick or wounded or employed In defense duties; established first-aid dressing and nursing stations, dispensaries, soup kitchens, etc; acted as dispatch bearers, wireless oper ators, signal corps; maintained lines of communication; did patrol work; watched bridgeheads, culverts, aqueducts, telegraph lines, etc : as assistants to military or clvlo guards ; collected Information as to supplies and transports: 'forwarded dispatches dropped by airships ; distributed notices and performed other duties of billeting and com- mnnclerrtns: utilized for all sorts of work 1 when workers were called ; patrolled the coast: assisted the police, giving alarm In case of riot or fire: collected material for wounded soldiers and families; kept waiting crowds In order in front of Government offices; were experts In maptmaklng and map-reading; established first-aid stations; when worKers wn? emicu. yairimeu ma farmers In, harvesting crops. In ail of ithese activities a seoiit releasee ." mwn nskn for defense. , ' w ".! OH- PMMP J ' Tom Daly's Column THE BOLDlEIt'B FltlEND The lied TrianoXCt drive is done; Thc tctnd'Up wet a hcautill But 1 confess I am not one Who did Ms fullest duty. I didn't find the time to Join Thc workers us I thought to, yor did I pony up thc coin That every fellow ought to; I knoio I've been a slouch, a tehclp, A selfish, thoughtless blighter, Who hasn't done a thins; to help Our brave and youthful fighter. I've slluhtcd him Kh many ways: I have Indeed, but dammel I'm due for Just a little praise I've never called him Bammce. COLD SjORAGE In tho 17th Century? To bo sure! Unless somebody was spoof ing Mr Samuel Pcpys. which seems not Improbable. However, sco his diary: Sfarch 7, tRtli At the vffee-houe I went and sat by Mr Harrington, and some Kat country merchants, and talking nf tho country above Qulnsborough, and thereaboutH. he told us himself that for fish, none there the poorest body will buy a dead fish, bnt must be alive, unless It be in tho winter: and then they told us tho manner of putting their nets Into thc water. Through holes mado In tho thick Ice they will spread a net of half a mile long; and ho hath Urown a hundred and thirty and a hundred and seventy barrels of fish taken at ono draught And then the peo ple come with sledces upon tho Ice, with snow at the bottomo, and lay the fish In and cover them with snow, and so carry them to market And ho hath seen when tho said tlsh have been frozen In the sledge, so ho hath takcrt a fish and broke a piece, so hard It hath been; and yet the samo fishes taken out of the snow, and brought Into a hot room, will be alive and leap up and down. SwaJIows are often brought up in their nets out of the mudd from under water, hanging together to Borne twlgg or other, dead In ropes, and brought to tho fire will come to life. Fowl killed In liccomber (Alderman Barker said) he did buy. and putting Into the box under his sledge, did forget to take them out to eato till April next, and thoy then wero found thero, and were through tho frost as sweet and fresh and cat as well as at first killed. DA BTTLEESIIA WIFE Giuseppe, da barber, ccs catcha da wife! Ol my, you ueel laugh vfen yoti sec w'at he gat. She gotta da face ecs so sharp like da say "ccs no stylccsh for face to be fat." Ucr fingers, so skeenny, ees nothecng but bone; Toil 'frald dcy weel bust vefen you go for shak' han', lie say: "Dat's a sign she ees vera high tone', Bhe no gotta han's like ttco bonch da banan'." Hal w'at you thcenk dat For talk ccn hecs hatt Wat good cesa wife ccf she don'ta be fatt Giuseppe he tal vie I no ondrastan' Da 'Mcrlcan lady so gooda like hecm; lie tal me hecs wlfo ccs da "swell Mcrl can," An' looka so stylcesh baycause she ees "slecm." I tal hecm da "styleeshness" notta so good For kecpa da house an' for helpln' her mooch To nursa da baby an' carry da wood, lie say: "1 no care eef she nevva do sooch," Hal w'at you theenk dat For talk ccn hecs hat? W'at'good cesa wife cef she don'ta be fatt WHAT has becomo of all tho folks who should havo rushed to help us rovlvo Frank R. Stockton? Thero aro lovers of Stockton In this town, wj know, but most of them dread tho light. Ono of them sneaked out of his hiding place on Thurs day last and mado off with a copy of "Tho Late Mrs. Null," displayed on tho pave ment counter of Leary's Old Book Store, and quite broke the heart ot our own Kit Morley. "Early in tho morning," says Mr. Mor ley, "I noticed tho book on tho pavement counter. It was marked '15 cents.' I turned it over and hummed and hawed about It, but I was feeling mighty frugal Just then, so I went away without It It bothered mo all day. At 5:30 I passed there again and rooted all through the books, but, of course, some one had snapped it NOW, what I want to say is this. If the gentleman who bought that copy will declaro himself I'll give him a bright quarter, for It when, ha has read it. My wife saya I oughtn't to buy eo many second-hand books because there are germs In 'era; but you know, Tom. that a germ that has good taste enough to live in a book by Frank Stockton Is tho kind of germ that I clasp gladly to my bosom." The Truth o' the Matter I 1 Who touches a hair of yon gray head Dies llko a dogl March on!' he said." Then Barbara Frietchle, glarlrj doion, Cried out: "How dare your 3ly hair ts brown I" n The. boy stood on the burning deck Whence all but him had fled, Because he icore'-upon his neck A solid one-piece head. Don't believe It If they tell you the town la full of counterfeit twenty.flve-cent pieces. There are two 19i7 quarters In cir culation and they're both perfectly good. When the coin was first put out tho eagle, on the reverse Bide, had seven stars on one side of him and six on the other. It made him .lopsided or some thing, bo tho stars wero rearranged. Three were put under him and five tin either side. The first coin Is still good for twenty-five cents, but If you happen to have one In your pocket this morning and are afraid of It, chuck It Into the Y. M. C. A. or the soldiers' smoke funds, t jVOBITIVB AND aOVPAJUTirX s K .. ( x MONDAY, NOVEMBER 19, "IF SOMETHING AIN'T WRONG, 'TAIN'T RIGHTS w i (I Ml f i m W PPt j i i I- i s ' ill ilp'f !,r m rSf U-M lT -fe I fmm j 'V'ooi ssIks ' '1 - U. S. TAKING WAR BACK TO EUROPE Seeds Brought by Our Ancestors Seeking Home Field, Basil King, Novelist, Says B' ASIL KING, author of "The High Heart," one of tho Important novels of the year. In an Interview explained tho un derlying Idea of his fiction. Mr. King, now known as the anonymous writer of "The Inner Shrine," maintains that our ancestors in coming over brought the seeds of war, virtually brought tho war, with them and ndw aro taking it back to Europe. ' "It does not seem possible that the coun tries engaged in tho war were, at the start, conscious of the vastness of tho Issues involved," Mr. King said. "'They wero" aware of a glgantlo physical struggle, but not of what was behind It However they wero Impellod, Immediate action went no further than immediate motives. It was not until the conflict was all under way that England, France and Russia began to percelvo how Immense was their cause. I suppose that In the beginning they acted In obedience to some human urge that far transcended their Immediate needc "I ven the great word democracy very Inadequately sums up their aim. It is the word, however, which we best understand and through which the hugeness of the un derlying Impulse Is most easily compressed for common knowledge. ' We Could Not Avoid War "As a matter of fact, the whole purpose of my book, The High Heart,' Is to show how. In tho last analysis, tho United States could no more avoid Its entry into the war than could a drafted toldlcr. The hero, Larry Strangways. points out that national ity Is not wholly a question of geography, vbut very largely ono of past Inheritance. The American people, In this, aro scarcely in the same position as are the French. f Pngllsh or Germans, since they Inherit only their own pasts, while vie come In for a share of the history and responsi bility of virtually every nation of the earth. "We did not leave this history and re sponsibility behind us when we, or our an cestors, crossed the water. Wo brought with us our full share of the great Inherit ance which, ns David Jayne Hill wisely puta It is largely an Inheritance of evil.. "The early reluctance of this country to enter the war' was undoubtedly due to the Idea that It was an International war. It Is evident now, however, that it is no In ternational war, but tho great btruggle of mankind with Itself. My heroine, AHx Adare, speaks of It as part of the great war In heaven: 'Michael and his angels are fighting, and the Dragon s tlghtlnr with his angels.' This, she hastens to explain, does not mean that .all the good Is o. une Bide and all the evil on the other, but that the good and the evil In every human being are now openly In conflict. "To understand this fully one must break away from all the old local Interpretations of the word heaven," the speaker explained. "You and I know what meaning was given to that word when we were children. Our Christian heaven was a kind of ascetlo Mo hammedan paradise" to which good people went when they died. Nothing Jess Chris tian has ever entered Into the heart of men to conceive. Whn the founder of the Christian religion appeared the words that heralded his approach were 'Repent ye. for tho kingdom of heaven Is at hand.' Theaa were the words which He repeated later as what we might call the slogan of His campaign. The words at hand mein. If thv mean anything at a'l. near .nrv near, hard upon us, and as If to maka their roeanlnr the clearer and the more Intense, He Mnafair '). -rurward. The kingdom -heaves- u ww JTjtat u t-j say.- 1917 Heaven Is within jour grasp now as a con d'tlon of Individual consciousness and world consciousness. "Right Works, Wrong Doesn't" "Tho essenco of that state of mind r.iust surely lie In tho great Idea on which the Blblo has always thrown the tremendous weight of Its emphasis and which Is summed up In the simple word righteousness. Right eousness Is neither moro nor less than tho right way of thinking and saying and doing It Is more than ethical, In that It Is Intensely practical. A'lx Adare hits on a mighty psychological fact when she tays: "Right works, wrong doesn't' "Now, mankind has always gone on the contrary assumption. Right didn't work and wronj did. It has been a kind of adage In the commercial world that a thing might be right and not good business, with tho contrary, that It might bo good business and yet wrong. There never was and never could be a moro destructive fallacy. Wrong, whatever the shade of wrong wo may bo thinking of. Is never business. It Is nosl tlvely certain, whatever the Immediate promise of success, to bring with It ultimate falluie. "Nowhere In human history ts this better illustrated than In human government There are no words In 'hlch to describe ade quately tho greed, lust and general corrup tion of nil the governments that have ruled the earth Some have been better than others and still are. but there Is none which has not made Its motto, 'Wrong works and right doesn't' "All this national and Individual wrong has now fused to the explosive point and to the stage which brings about Its own self-destruction. What my hero and heroine mean Is that, when It Is all over, there will come by degrees the glorious new epoch, which might bo compared to the splendid sunlit weather we often have after storm. "I feel very sure that It Is tho American people's slow but Instinctive anticipation of this that has roused tho nation to maVe Its preparations on so sober and glgant'o a scalo. "Gradually a wonderful vision Is rising before our eyes, and the American people are bracing themselves to fight for It It Is a vision that emerges slowly and nobly out of the rast,confuston of obscure Issues and cross and counter purposes now so much In the foreground throughout the world the vision of the Sou of God. It seems to me very strongly that our people are gird ing themselves-, consciously or unconsciously, or subconsciously, to fight for that This, I suppose, will bo what tho Blblo means by 'the new heaven and tho new c'arth wherein dwelleth righteousness.' "It Is not the reward beyond death," Mr. King concluded hopefully. "It Is a new heaven on earth, a new earth In heaven. It ts In sight now, but It will come vnly when old. things have passed away, as they are swiftly passing,, and all things snail havo become nw." roofIS The road Is wide and the stars are out aud the breath of the night ts sweet And tills Is the time when wanderlust should seize upon my feet; , But I'm glad to turn from the open road and the starlight on my face, And to leave tho splendor of out-of-doors for a human dwelling place. I nover have seen a vagabond who really liked to roam Alt up and down the streets of tho world and not to have a home; The tramp who slept In your barn last night and left at break of day Will wander only until he finds another place to stay. A gypsy-man will sleep in his cart with canvas overhead: Or else he'll go Into his tent when It is time' for bed. He'll sit on the grass and take his ease so long as tho sun Is high, But when tt Is dark ho wants a roof to keep away the sky. If you' call a gypsy a vagabond, I think you do him wrong, For he never goes a-traveltng but he takes his home along; And the only reason a road Is good, as every wanderer knows. Is Just because of the homes, the homes, the homes to which It goes. They say that life 'Is a highway and Its milestones are the years, And now rand then; there's, a tollmte where , , .jruu.MUjr.yuur wJf ,.WCU -jfarst ,. ak twaj" .rvaap V ,',-t1 i What Do You Know?' QUIZ 1. Who Is lUconnt Con dray? i. Whut Is frnnelnanl? 3, What xtandnrd sjmnhony mu lumbal trVl 4. Name the flnt American noTtlM, ' B. Olio the origin of the name Taeuaaar, 5.r (I. What la a cover crop? avg 7. Name the author ot "The Amerbu .0a momvfalth." l M 8. Under nhat circumstance wa tki "Alda" written? 0. DcHne "coun d'etat." ' ' SA 10. Where la the Metropolitan Maaraaaf irfl' Answers to Saturday's Quli. 1. Georces Clrmenceau la a French atataaafa, i formrr rrrralcr, who hai tntt tarsal a J new cabinet. Ten nlr minlntrr Is the new paraag Mas j i fa th llplfUli rnhlnat. l Bucknheat ta a small site of MatraSS coal, next smaller than pee coal. . The Fortress of Saint I'eter and Satrt fas) " Is In I'ctrocrad. v 1 H John Qulncj- Ailnms was called ."TM W man r.ioqutnt" uurinc on mvw Kreiislonal career after hit rtttreasat from the Presidency. , Francis Itonklnkon. of PhtlaaekUa.i eias "Hall Columbia" In 18. C A complete fertilizer la one that MaM scientifically prescribed proporttoas nitrogen, potash and DbOiDhatas. r "f i "Drlpulncs" Is the term spplM tt.MJ renaerra in nome coomnf. --"'n The next draft b scheduled for 1018. .fr.a lfatieni! tfnll la n nlil mark! la ! It was ine renter or tne BUisimaaaai movement In new Eiiclana. TTf1T.TT m.". 9 TTTfnYS.Yi W"S.t$3 ii-vaiuiNi.fi. run ijicu i " Ail. second lieutenants In thJJn Ktntri urmv soon mav be honored WW' the offlceri' insignia. Tho plan being eofts . rt iiw fVi Wnr Denartment la to UtV second lieutenants wear one silver t. the shoulder strap. First lieutenant! m to wear two bars and captains three- No change for the present Is beu m bldered for officers of higher rank In A .. . ...... i.. a -(i.'li.nl chant MB uer-sirp insignia v .-... .rf been proposed for, tho sleeve scroll tin wn service overcoats. ij .DO""r "T..jr"ijr .TiMriDoflu pian unoer nuviscnicin. ---.-. ii ... K...i...ntii tn wenr the OI16 Ml '"as. present tho Insignia of first "eutnlj2, ' would give tnem more buvu .- "-iffl men. Tho plan Is similar to that.waajjj Is used In Kuropean armies. j Needless to say, all second ""ST " are In favor of the suggestion. On is W ; main reasons for the proposea cnai--. that these officers wear no insigru- -So many enlisted men wear leather 'J that second lieutenants aro not casuy T tlngulshablo. J Those In favor of the change 5j,rT the captains couia easily t", - and point to the foreign method Jj this assertion. TJie plan a,soiwJul,i,3l 'hof e.onnri lUntonnnts would OS Ji-" more ' punctually: ' Much complaint v reached tho War Department on tnav .. . . ...... ..- f ttia I it is true mat me uniiu - rjt, ; ir, ..,.,." la otmnut hsihful In It OB-'- fM Ity. Many officers have expressed the V un i.n .. nhanirA will ha maao id Tvl near future. 5 'J fiecond lieutenants now wear -TEi coal wnnoui serous u V a 0S new method would allow them to JLj) on each sleeve. First lieuienn f wear two and captains three. . .f-ji rpi,. ..iinn tunulil wear one oro05"-il band on the overcoat sleeve. .u"?'l colonels would wear one broaa .? small band and colonels vo vi , and two small ones. ir'ataresl The advisability of this method r"3 A by the fact that it is hard to Mgi a. glance more ,man ""'""" J rr.H almost an optical impoMiraw. ta Adjutant Qeneral McCain recently an nra e firrtlV- HOlCi CrM "- 7Li clerks of the quartermaster's' w"l",f!!rS:3 would seem to speak in favor V& J in.i. ... .. in Mm effect tnai -" clerks are to wear the uniform of ,o without Insignia or rami :rj 't band on thearm or rvic --r- lor service) ni v ...-t. i The collar Insignia are crosser jgjj pens, twun eiuier roimaw--- snN pr i M .