Newspaper Page Text
J"fv'" ,; ?t " ''', , f tj , ' ' " , ' 1 -.
EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, MAY 30, 1918 ftT WtEGY OF GREAT DRIVE EXPLAINED IN SPECIAL CABLE DISPATCHES FROM SCENE OF BATTLE SSIS; PLAY SAFE a?-!. AISNE BATTLE I Ground Slowly, Sure it Scale Will Turn in Their Favor GERMAN STRATEGY iff EBP.. m Jt . . . ft Br WALTER DURANTY I Cabte to Evening Public Ledger IqM. til, bv AVto York Timet Co. 'the French Armies, Thursday, gtay 30. nt consequence of the new factors. auced by aermnn strategy, of the 1ee attack with enormous nunv we 'must readjust -our concep- i heretofore based on position war- That is the lesson of the second tt offensive, whose course hitherto been a repetition of the attack of eh 31. position warfare of the last year. I ever Bln.e the Marne, the defender where the blow would fall, and l for a while able to mass his forces singly. The new shock may at a point where his numbers limited, with the result that the ' pours through and gains a con- arable amount of ground before the tuatlon once agntn Is stabilized It It will be stabilized no one In i. French army doubts. the enemy tactics of massed as- tit with depth, the Allies have re- by corresponding depth of de- wnicn necessitates the abandon- of ground quite out of proportion gito-.what has been the custom In poti on wanare. in me present battle. ich seems to be the principal drive I not a diversion as at first thoucht. it' Germans have engaged, according ,'the latest reports, at least twenty- divisions, sneer weight of men e them through the lhrht screen rthe Allied defenders. Et .... . ?:! Allies Plavlnp Safe Vat'must be remembered that the Al- t are playing safe, with the full cer- 1 that the armies will ultimately the scale in their favor. The nana are in exactly the contrary dtion. They have got to trv for 1 4 immediate decision. It would be tying tneir game to waste our ener- ln defense of position whose loss, ever regrettable, is of no vital Im ance. ilathe never-ending discussions of the , tnree days regarding the German itantlons and objectives one often hears lauggestlon that the enemy struck en tAlsne In order. to nrotect hl rtirfit ainst possible Allied counter-nttneks Laon, or chose the Chemln-des- nca because of the morale value of ess in this historic sector. Such orlea are plausible enough, but do not Into account the basic principle of ny action at oresent. feBy new tables he brought back the ' of movement, and his central pur 1 la aggressive oneratlon to defeat I 'Allied) armies before America turns equilibrium of force against him. Is too precious for movements : tiuraose Is defensive or Hentlmn. ;Th explunatfon Is far more simDle. f-TfjMi essence of the von Hutier attack gens, u to ran witn overwhelming force mi wwRer opponent, ji is. inere- A&iyMtlvf aha .ho. Ilia nnln, ..... t... en for preference where the density efenders Is not great. The Alsne po- were the nearest point to tne 4a area of Allied concentration which Blled this requirement. They form. 'fact, the outlying flank of a great ny whose left is In Flanders, Its cen- 1 at Amiens and its right at the Mont- 'Noyon sector. "-jJt. 1 most probable that the German liver was a classic attempt to turn ..Allied right by bursting through a flank guard In the hope of a sub- ent turning movement that would I up the stronger position to the west- ife - m'wu ii.rrr.,0 unitwrr,, mita AAiauia duuici Cup Booted by New York M J Societv Peonle rJi' -. ' r . . 1 Yerk, May jo. one or tne most m chapters In the story of Joyous ikltlca heaped upon the Kaiser's gold i donated by Wilson Marshall to the Cross and som six times in me re L drive for a total of S:21.000, was at janer given by William Fox. taring wasn t nail distinction enough itB token presented by Wlllyum. were overturned in tne rusn to nt It In a nttlng manner, each striving to outdo his neighbor In riag and kicking ana slamming: and Ring' tne oia yenow iropny. it l could only nave, seen tne Killing i bestowed In tno polite dismem- ant ef his costly gift the happiness jtfca occasion might have moved even (iron gioyca nana 10 uppinuse. ItWi :essor for luxburg " Berlin Envoy Pretenti Credentiils I?, in Argentina Aim. Mav 10. Count Don- rho was secretary to the German i acre unaer uouni von LiUXDurg, nlaaad ambassador, nresented his ttlala todav to the Foreign Office Oermsn charge d'aflalrs. unsettled situation Detween the legation ana ine Argentine nnte. which has existed since vjiapulslon of Count Luxburg. after Vfwuun ! mcwiKn KUVIBiniC King or Argentine vessels "witn- aa mav thus tlA larlflH STRIA WILL GRANT NOTHING, EMPEROR INFORMS PROVINCES ttWU s? , Despite Professed Desire for Peace, Refuses Help TrWte .Trade or Oppose Southern Slav Movement ig;id:Virtually Kowtows to Germany '1KW Wf JUUU WEST ' Ml tvmm$ Public Ledger l i9mm,-My 10. . Vienna, Indl StoMeVi, .Pit. ot iMNkr thtflktariMl mailer Mrt;sd4M-it. ttttwsJZK5z brr4&T77ZiSr:- f Tr F&T mT4m-. AIRMEN TRY TO RAID PARIS Barrage Blocks Second Teuton Effort in Two Nights rtl. May 30. For the second time In two nights. German airmen tried to raid Parts early today, but the machines were unable to penetrate the barrago Are from the high angle cannon. One of the raiding planes was brought down In flames. Home of the raiders got as far as the suburbs, where a num ber of bombs were dropped. The danger signal as sounded at 11:30 last night, but It was not until 3 o'clock that the "all clear" was given- In addition to dropping bombs on the outskirts of Paris, some of the boche airmen bombed points behind the battle-front. GRAVI DISORDINI IN AUSTRIA-UNGHERIA Le Rivolte Interne Avrebbero Paralizzata TOffensiva Contro l'ltalia SUCCESSI ITALIANI rubllnhcrt nnil Iltrlbutrl tfnili-r PKftMtT No. 341 , AuthnrUrii by th- nit nf Oetobjr 0. 1T17. on fll at th rontofflco of Phila delphia. r. . liy order of the PrcMilpnt . A S. mmt.RBON. , rn-tmnitr Ocneral. (llnem. 30 magglo. , Un dlspacclo. glunto da Innsbruck, reca che I disordlnl Internl In Austria Unaherla hanno narallzzata la progret- tata offenlva nustrlaca ror.trol l'ltalia. Roma, 30 magglo. Pal ropportl perxenuti dal Quartler Oenerale ttallano si rllev.i che II nemlco con due poderosl attacchl. cnmlnclatl la notte dl lunedl' c contlnuatl durante II successlvo glorno, ha tentato dl rlcattu rare le posUlonl oecupata dagll Itallanl presso Capo Slle, ma e' stato resplnto con perdltu gral. Anche nella Valle Frescna gll aus trlael hanno effettuato slmlll tentativl, Immedlatamente frustratl dalle truppo ltallane. In dctta alle una ptttuglla nemlca, composta dl un uffirlale e dodlcl uomlnt dl truppa e' stata fatta priglo nlera. Dlstaccamentl dl truppe oustro ungarlche hanno opernto attacchl contro le poslxlonl dl Monte Corno e Monte Asolone, ma sono statl costrettt ad una Immrdiata ritlrata dl fronte al micldiale ruoco dl fucllerla e delle mltragliatrlcl delta truppe ltallane. I rlpartl Itallanl d'Incurslone e le pattuglie operanrt nellarea dl Col Caprlle catturarono parecchl prlglonierl. Un dlspacclo glunto a Londra da Vi enna annunxla che II Mlnlstrro della Guerra austrlaco ha lerl pubbllcato II seguente comunlcato ufflctale: "Nella reglone del Tonale I ccmbattl mentl si rlnnovarono durante la giornata dl martedl'. Due attacchl Itallanl hop portatl da violento fuoco dl art:glierla e dl mine, contro Montlcello, h sud del passo, furono speziatl. II fuoco dell'artl gllerla nemlca contro le nostre poslxlonl lungo 11 basso corso del Plave conti nua." Lo notlzia dell'lmminento partenza dl truppe amerlcane per II fronte llallano e' glunta, lerl, In Italia, ed e1 stata ac colta con viva scddtsfazlone. Ovunque la notlzia e' commentata slmpattca mente. La spedlzlone rappresentera' una no vella prova dl slncera amlclzla del l'Amerlca per la nostra nazlone. Oil amerlcani quando arr'.veranno In Itnlla rlceveranno accogllenze lndlmenticablli, ma I dettacll ed II caratterc del rlcevl- mento che ad essl si prepara non c' stato anccra ben deUneato. Innanzl U Corte Marzlale dl Roma si dlscute II procct.so per a to tradlmento contro gll Imputatl dl commerclo llleclto dl cascaml con gll Inferl centrall. II trlbunale ha ammesso costltuzlone dl parte civile da parte dcllo Stato, rhenendo, cos'll dlrltto dl questo al rlscarclmento dl dannl. Gll Imputatl appartengono alle Dltte dl Conno e Cornegllano Carlo Blanchi. proprletarlo dello stablllmento dl Como. e' stato esonerato dall'accusa per man Mana HI nrnvp. ma ner sua moffle rinxn. una donna dl orlglne tedesca. c'per II Comm. Attlllo Firotta, compro prtetarlo, sembra che t'accusa sla fondata. 3 BLACK SEA SHIPS ESCAPE Prove Obstacle to German At tempts to Resume Shipping Amnterdam, May 30. Three battle ships of the Kusslan Illack Sea fleet have escaped to Xovorosaysk, says the Cologne, Volks Zeltung. The paper adds they are proving a serious obstacle to the Germans' at tempts to resume Black Sea shipping. SULTAN ANXIOUS FOR PEACE Turkish Ruler Urges Kaiser to Moderate His Ambitions London, May 30. The Sultan recently urged the Kaiser to moderate his ambi tions and offer a reasonable peace ap peal, but received no response, said a Central News dispatch from Rome. The Sultan based his appeal on the deplorable conditions in Turkey, It was said. BERLIN WOULD OUST ENVOY . Amsterdam. May 30. Germany has demanded the recall of the Bolshevik Ambasador Jeffe. The Russian envoy Is accused of spreading Bolshevik propaganda. phaafs on Austria's obligations to Ger many. -Within our national frontiers," he aid. "a great and Important duty has developed upon the German people of Austria .worthy of the high achieve menu which they have shown during this iwar and of which they may be pruln.the future. I rely upon the fatthfni an precious collaboration of tbr German for, the. development of the lateraate ot the But. Be fatly asaur4 that Barer in any manner whatever. will tka'rlahu anal deveJoomanta of tha Oar. mag Inhabitant of Austria ba cheeked.' , rvmaiav jm snmiBKifq wiin inw taiwhlagawrrender la tha bw that dl twtimniluTe hrokea-eat.ln alctlrcu irLV ' 'fl' J'W ' GERMANS AGAIN PAID HIGH FOR SMALL GAIN Heavy Casualties in Mass At- tacks Across Aisne Out generaled by Foch By CHARLES A. SELDEN Special Coble lo Evening Public Ledger Copurloht, 8I. bv .Vein Vorfc Timet Co, rrl. May 28 (nftcrnoon), Xews received here this afternoon shows that the enemy has rapldlv fol lowed up the advantnges of his unex pected success of the Chemln-des-Dames. Yesterday (Monday) and during the night he succeeded In crossing the Aline on a wide front, running between Vallly and Berry-au-IlBc. Desperate fighting was proceeding this (Tuesday) morning In the form nf stubborn attacks In larger nnd langer masses on the new Allied positions between the Alsne and Vesle. Thn Gprmans nr striving to force the paangp of the V'e ?t Fismes, which Is a center or ery Importont communi cations The enemy Is constantly throw ing fresh troops Into the battle. His reserves had been concentrated In such a manner that they could be utilized either toward the Alsne or the olse, os circumstances might demand. The unhoped-for success yesterday (Monday) on the Chemln-des-Dames de cided the Oermans to hammer home the results obtained hy pushing all avail able forces toward the south. Once this fact was made clear. Gen eral Foch was able to take steps to stem the enemy's onslaught, which he naturally could not do until the German Intention revealed Itself. The Allied reserves had begun this (Tuesday) morning to flow toward the south of the Vesle Rlcr and have already begun to make their Influence felt in the region of Klsmes, which Is the central point of the struggle. There Is every reason to suppose that the intry of Koch's reserves will, as on former similar occasions, soon bring about a stabilization of the situation. The Germans arc merely repeating their tactics of attack after attack In overwhelming numbers, which they tried on the Bomme, at Verdun and In the present battle. The main result of these tactics, as In the past, although It certainly cost the Allies a certain nmount of ground, has been a much more serious loss to the enemy In the shape of an enormous quantity of Invaluable human material, which lie can 111 afford to spare. It will be the same on this occasion. CHARGE ITALIANS SOLD COTTON TO GERMANY Owners of Two Factories on Trial for Treason in Rome Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copyrioht. 19t. b .Vcic York Tlittrs fa. Milan. May 30. I The high treason case against the Como and Cornlgllano cotton factories I Is on trial before the Home court-martial. That a serious view of the matter Is taken by the Italian Government Is shown by the fact that the state con- stltuted Itself civil prosecutor for dam nges to Its patrimony. This may mean the wholesale confiscation of the prop- I erty of the accused If they arc found guilty. Karl Blanchi. proprietor of the Como establishment, was acquitted at the earlier stages of the proceedings on the ground of Insufficient proof, but his wife, Ttosa, a woman of German origin, stands In the dock, as does also Commcndatnre Attlllo Plrotta, the co-proprietor. Other prisoners are Arthur Schwelgcr, Itodelf Durst, a Swiss, and managing director of the Cornlgllano works; Giovanni Verga. the firm's commercial traveler, and Cap tain Robert Frlgerlo, an Italian Infantry officer, who appeared In court In uniform and hearing on his breast the silver medal for merit won during the present war. The seventh defendant, a Swiss named Braum. escaped to Zurich. All were charged with having com bined In offering and selling to the Cen tral Empires Immense quantities of cot ton iroods and shredded waste, via Switzerland, and with having persisted In this traffic from the very outbreak of the Italian war right down to the end of labt year. In full knowledge that the ma terial supplied was Intended to be used In the manufacture of munitions. The Indictment occupied nearly two hours In reading. FINNS APPEAL TO WOELD ' t Ask Humanity to End Teutonic Reign of 1 error u.. V.a. Vlnnlah -nrV mn nm ! mi lire n wi - """- sued an appeal to the world In the name of humanity mai preBnurti uc uiuunu . i ..!. 1iiaJ irAasnmani ntttB upon tne wniio uu.u ..... Germany to end the terrorism In Fin land, say tne uunaian wireiera !';" . .. .. mn AAA ..aMhh Al,.Alna Ifl AAA civilians, have been Imprisoned, the ap peal saia. mey are ucum Buuimnni w horrible treatment and thousands are III from starvation. Kxecutions are iukihb inm """' . hufvud. : wiping out the Social Demo crats. It was declared. DBvase riiiuinii !. p..fc j Qermans, killed 168 women prisoners In one aay ai tacim. vaiu mc bpiwi. Eight sisters or mercy were executed az VlbcTg. BAN FRIGHTFULNESS TODAY British Agree to Halt Air Raids Except at Front London, May 30. On religious and humane grounds, that, so fir u the Rritish Government la concerned, there shall be no air raids on cities not In the vicinity of tha battlefront during the daytime tomorrow the feaat of Corpus Christ). The decision followed the receipt through the Vatican of the request re cently made by the Archbishop of Cologne, Cardinal von Hartmann, that in view of the serious damage dona lately by British air ralda In .that city there ahould be no bombing there during the time of the Corpus Chrlstl procession. 't Suffer with corns i&Br Ha will sail yon A. . Pierce's Cora Plaeurs with' a oltlra mon-r-hack avar antaa If yati'ja net satiated with tha resells. Purlas la rears avaaraaa of ttitrataiyu at sjeepla 'bare aaaa aaa .raoeauaaaate tktaa. .-.XHa't asperUaaot wita) aaMa. wktck auy aajnf Dm sMb- a4 ett aad lajare tha etaaib tm, Do;t j tWa.ajtetw alaaters, h 'afea.ha, jBaBasaAAaaa) m . GERMANS ACTIVE IN FLANDERS i ..y" eostun& )HMKIB1Caa'TwfiecKmiiA Nluiveu'v ATiucenYl "y fotinMrtX ACT.VITV XlDnnnthnh- tE V 1 if i Tx fij. WMereE ortTiM Artillery activity has become livelier in the sectors of Nleuport, Merrkem and Langemark. A strong Germuii attack upon the strong British positions it Festubert was completely repulsed last night, Field Marshal Haig reports. AMERICANS REPEL TEUTON ATTACKS RETAIN HOLD IN TOWN OF CANTIGNY Cnntlnued from Pane One nnd others between forty-five nnrt fifty. All arc poorly clothed nnd ap pear to be underfed. The Hermans trooped out of their dugouts when they saw the futility of resistance, their hands held up, shouting "Kamcrad!1- Apparently they were glad to surrender. One of them said he did not want to fight, hut had been compelled to do so. Rsat nf Vlllsge The American line now runs 1B0 to 200 vnrds east of Cantlgny. ns a result of the successful attnek today. The nearest German trench Is several hun dred yards east of where the Ameri cans have dug In. The Germnns. It has heen found, had manv outposts and machine-gun emplacements In Cantlgny. The old German lines formed nn nmile which has now been straight ened out. The Americans have ob tained high ground commanding a section of plateaulike countrv. Many of the American soldiers who took part In the successful attack nlso participated In the repulse of the Oer. man raid against the American lines Monday. One participant In Mondav's nffalr Is said to have heen found todav In n. shell hole In No Man's land with two wounded Germans as his pris oners. He was unable to get back to the American lines Monday night, so he stood guard over them until the attack this morning liberated him and secured the prisoners to the Ameri cans. Illew fttrnrk In Mint America's first offensive blow was struck In a mist. The French tanks apparently did not have much to do, as the American artillery already had prepared the way, A bright sun came out and shone on the Americans as thev dug In their new positions. As the Amerlc.tns started out across No Man's Land there were manv jokes about "eating boche for breakfast," Several officers, describing the scene. agreed that the outstanding feature In their minds was tne wonaenui morale of the men and their absolute confi dence In themselves. The Germans poured machine-gun bullets all around the Americans as they were digging In. but no attention was paid to them as lokes nnd quips were handed back and forth. Fierce hand-to-hand fighting oc curred in Cantlgny, which contained a larire tunnel and a number of caves. Tha tunnel sheltered a hundred Ger. mans. The Americans hurled hand grenades like baseballs into thesj shelters. Berlin, May 30. A German statement says: . . West of Montdidler the enemy during a local advance penetrated Into Can tlgny yesterday. PERSHING REPORTS SUCCESS IN LORRAINE TTMhlngten, May 30. . ...., .am... ABaaiilta nanlnst tha Ame-lcan positions In Lorraine are being broken down by the effective work .of the American forces, says General Persh ing today. In a continuation of last iv, u.-.nmiilfii. In nna AttACK tne enemy lost ten men.' some of whom were Rilled ,witn me oayonci. ..... aviators got another enemy machine while patrolling near Bt. Mlhlel. titi..,i.. u y ba lh In Tyirralna. the enemy were again very active against our iroopB, 'mere win mutni v... .-.'. - obtained were very im-all. Protected by an artillery narroKe. h. r.u."K ... anoui imy mm ntiviu,'cu a r.. ... . at -.. aitanaarl rtrtaTa Til A nta una u our u - .., . ..- ... tempt was a complete failure, the nemy losina ten aeaa ana mur uuim. w these, iome were killed In bayonet fight - a st ILL aaaa ata Alia a alia It I aa ing. in inia ca oi-u our L?'""'CI were very light. During the night two rcOMMRCIflu MTiONeny; Real Effidency Comes With, MANN'S Loose Leaf Forms Many large, aeeessfal baal. ess eeaearae are atlag Maaa'a I.eaae Leaf Devlees. Wfcyf Beeaase these lystems are sav lag time, labor aad asaaaaa a bMkkeealaa' and ealee detail warb. n aerrr aamereaa Mask I l wmwmu, 1 erhteh yea May ase ta advaa- I taae la gear aura. I Oar Ha at Paatlag Trait. I I re .waaere staaalTet'' U. , I , I f Wr .V L-jyK- X wW. other attacks on our lines were pre- '"mpci ny our narrnge nna macninr-giin fire, the enemy falling to penetrate our wires. "In the Lite afternoon of May 27. Lieu tenants Fischer. Curtis. Buford and Mc tanahan. living nt 4000 feet on patrol duty, encountered hostile planes In the region or i-it. aunici. in the fighting which ensued one of the hostile planes broke into flames and fell. "Credit for bringing down the air plane reported In yesterday's cominu nioue. 1h Blpn to T.lplltpnnnt Ittrknn- backer and Lieutenant Hambleton and not to Lieutenant Illrkennncker and Lieutenant Campbell, as reported. "This morning an Knailsh aviator re- turning from a bombing expedition was wounded In the arm. He was chased by two enemy machines. Lieutenant Camp hell drove the hostile airplanes off, en abling the i:hk1Ib1i aviator to return to nis airdrome safely." AMERICANS REPEL 3 LUNEVILLE RAIDS lVlth the American Army In Franre. .May su. Following another heay gas attack against the American front on the I.unevllle sector, the Germans attemnted to raid our lines at three points early this morning. The first attack, which was delivered over a front of two kilometers (slightly more than n mile) was completely re pulsed by the lire of the American ma chine guns. Shnrtlv afterward, following n heavy barrage fire, flftv Germans attacked our lines a kilometer farther west. Fourteen of them penetrated h trench which was held by Americans, who had been sub lectcd to n gas attack on Monday. These Americans, eager for revenge, pounced upon the boches fiercely with knife and bayonet. As a result nf the encounter, nine Germans were killed and another was wounded so badly he died shortlv afterward. The remaining four were taken prisoners. The prisoners said that they had been ordered to tnke American prisoners nt any cost, but noe one of our men was captured. Our casualties were very light. The artillery firing on the Toul sec was much aerial activity, A number of combats In the air took place, but there were no Infantry actions. Lieutenant George F. Fisher, of Chlcngo, Lieutenant Kdward Curtlls, of Ilochester. Lieutenant Edward Buford, of Nashville, Tenn., and Lieutenant Kd ward Melanahan, of Philadelphia, are accredited with bringing down a German airplane In flames over the Toul front, on Monday, Lieutenant Doualas Campbell went to the aid of a British bombing plane that was returning from a raid oxer Germany. The bomber nnd observer had been wounded In an engagement with two German Albatrosses. The Germans withdrew after the en counter, the British machine landing safely. Campbell accompanied a num ber nf our pursuit planes that had crossed the German lines to meet and escort back the British bombers, who would attack as they neared the line, BRITISH TRANSPORT SUNK Lcasowe Cattle Torpedoed in the Mediterranean London, May 30. The British trans port ship Leasowe Castle haa been torpedoed and aunk the Admiralty announced last night. One hundred and one persona were drowned. The Leasowe Caatle, which was of 9737 tons gross, was sunk In the Mediterranean on May 26. Among those who lost their Uvea were thir teen military officers and seventy-nine soldiers of other rank. WITH FINGERS! CORNS LIFT OUT Costs few cents! Doesn't hurt a bit! Drop a little Freez one on that touchy corn, in stantly that corn stops hurting, then you lift it right out. with the fingers. Yes, magic! . A ttey tottls of Fraucwa aw hut a frarcaau at ar tira store, hut U ItttoMt'tO raeat jaary ,ff?iPka8?',''F5,.i5 ,Hal j'ft AMERICAN AVIATORS SHOW FIGHTING SPIRIT Two Yankees Disperse Six Germans, Bringing Down One Enemy By F)WIN L. JAMES Special Cabte to Evening Public Ledger f'ninrlefif.'iat, In Ktw York llrnrt To. Willi the American Army In France, May 30. Two American airmen were 4500 meters In the air when they sighted six German machines four monoplane fighters nnd two observation airplanes. The, Americans dived down, whereupon the four fast German machines took flight, leaving the observation machines they were supposed to protect. The Americans. Lieutenant Douglas Campbell and Lieutenant Eddie Itlch enbacher, went after the two observa tion mnchlnes. One fell Into the woods and the other was driven down out of control. k The spirit of the American ountors s shown In the case of one young man who was sent out yesterday on patrol duty. He left his patrol and, sweep ing low oer the German trenches, poured bullets onto the bocnes mere. Then, seeing two big enemy airplanes, he attacked them until his ammunition gave out, 150 yards away, and then came home. Probably he will be mildly disciplined for disobeying orders. An American uhsemttlon machine had a narrow escape while directing nrtll lery fire. He directed shells to the left, when one fell on a camouflaged ammuni tion dump, and a flying shell took off his propeller. He got back to our lines safely. An exploding shell nlso oer turned another American observation machine, but It was righted. An excel lent bit of work was done yesterday. whin four American mac'-ilnes, going up on the alert, Mghtrd two Germans and a minute later the four Americans were on nil sides of one of the Oermans. GERMANS USE TANKS TO PROTECT INFANTRY Enemy Making Efforts to Cor rect Errors of March Offensive By WALTER DURANTY Special Cable to Evening Pubtic Ledger ronurloht. lOIH. bv .Vrir yorfc rhnr O. lTlth the French Armlea, May .In. Interesting details come In regarding the efforts made by the enemy to cor rect the errors of their March offenslxe. Officers of the British division in the Crannne region declare that the ad vancing Infantry were accompanied by tanks "In very large numbers," In order to minimize as far as possible the losses by machine gun fire that proved so dis astrous In the former battle. The German air force, too. Is described as "numerous and aggressive," and It Is clear that the enemy airmen have been taken to task severely for their previous Inefficiency. Prisoners relate that the utmost has been done to revive the lagging morale. Some had been told that they would be In Paris in a fortnight, but they hardly appear to believe It. Sir Gilbert Parker, M. P- Resigns London. May 30. Sir Gilbert Parker, the novelist, who has been a member of Parliament for Gravesend since 1900, has reslaned his seat. It Is understood that Sir William Weir, Secretary of state ior tne air forces, win oe me Government candidate at a by-election In the Gravesend district to fill the vacancy. jXaUCHELINl sslZ Tilt iiWm tf twilvt tuts is itsiantd V V p Price v fjj Vf OU owe ' to yourself before deciding on which tires 1 X to buy to compare the prices of various standard h -1 ft makes. You should, of course, also remember quality. ' III r there are two distinct classes of tires first, those 11 that are made to sell at low prices; and sec- l i HI Sr on' tk08e hat are made, with the ideal of 111 !i I Ht 'xl k'stf quality in mind. , 11 I I LkdJ jfifixV ft tands to reason that it is better to buy all I I i?j1 vVHkX tire of the latter class if you can get it at the II . I il fW U YvW right price. 1 i I .if If VJ Il afi - l j 'I Y Most motorists have a mistaken notion that li lkiii v H "quality" tires arc high-priced. But for- if J Vy7 a n I tunately this idea is not founded on fact. MI. J ir 1 t if J C O if I pries, though they are racogaissd the wff '" cTjb i j I warn orer as avutarpaued f durability, ff ' I - - m aa. a -" '' a a Z, 7ZI . ' 1 A "M GERMAN PROPAGANDA SPREAD AMONG SWISS a ' Kaiser's Agents Constantly Strive to Yiolate Neutrality and Control Press By JULIUS WEST Special Gable to Evening Public Ledger Cepurlokt, ISIS, tv New York Timet Co. Genera, May 30, A leading clttten of Geneva told me of, some of the difficulties encountered In maintaining hwiss neutrality in the race of German encroachments. Germany has spared no pains to make Switzerland n base of operations, military, commercial and political, and an example of each type, may be Instructive. French soldiers dften used to spend their leave with relatives In Geneva, where there Is an Important French colony, German agents used to ask these soldiers under various pretexts to take letters through Into French terri tory, where they were posted. Simi larly, soldiers coming to spend their leave here were Often asked to bring letters across the frontier. In this way unsuspecting soldiers were frequently the bearers of apparently perfectly Innocent epistles which were really communica tions of German' agents. The Swiss nat urally objected to their territory being used as a base for espionage, and now decline to admit men on leave. On, Scheme Stopped Knemy agVits also used Switzerland ns a base for distributing German goods In Allied countries. These goods were sometimes marked with Imitations nf British and French trade-marks. In some cases Germans established fictitious Swiss companies to act ns a coxcr for the distribution of German goods by ac quiring the right to Ufe Swiss trade marks. This now Is also prohibited. The most subtle and difficult to fight of nil her methods of propaganda Is Oer. many's attempt to control the Swiss press. This Is epcclally dangerous In view ot the fact that many French-Swiss papers are widely read In France. An organisation has been formed with head quarters at Zurich with this object. A fa orlte method Is to place advertisements of German firms, offering generous rates of payment, but on condition that the paper receiving these advertisements shall also print articles supplied hy the organizations, which are naturally pro iterman In tone. Papers which once allow thcmelcs to. step Into the spider's parlor struggle In vain to get back their Independence. By some occult means, they find, the German organization acquires even a stronger hold upon their advertisement revenues. gnppltea News Copy The organization puts forward ueful suggestions, nil tending to save money. " Luxurious Hair Mattresses and Box Springs Represent the ultimate achievement of expert workmanship and quality materials. Much of your summer benefit depends upon proper bedding. Why not make certain of all of it by installing Faultless Hair Mattresses and Box Springs Unapproached by any other in comfort and economy. Dougherty's Faultless Bedding Hair Mattresses. Box Springs. Bedsteads. 1632 CHESTNUT STREET It will supply news copy of everything, and every bit of assistance so liberally forthcoming means the surrender ot the papers' political Independence mora completely Into the hands of Germany. Papers which resist find themsetvea . hindered at every step, especially If they are at all Influential. Germans buy up any shates which happen to come on the market They buy up the printers. They stop German sales hy forbidding the paper to enter Germany. They may subsidize, or even establish, rival organs, and they manage In one way or another very effectively to Interfere with "'the advertisement revenue. Tho struggle which pro-Ally papers, such as- the Jour nal de Geneve, have maintained during nearly four years to preserve their ln dependence can easily be described as heroic FINNS HALT SWEDISH SHIPS Germans Wonted to Search Them, Is the Reason Given Special Cabte to Evening Public Ledger Copenhagen, May 30. Swedish steam ships leaving Stockholm on Wednesday for Petrograd, after a long Interruption of direct traffic between Sweden and Ilussla, were stopped at Helslngfors by the Finnish authorities. A special dispatch to the Berllngske Tldende now discloses that the reason for their detention Is that the Germans wanted to search the vessels. The Least of Any Nation Americans are the lightest cocoa drinkers of any civil ized people. We average only one cup apiece every fortnight. As a matter of fact only 15 per cent of us ever drink cocoa, but it is gaining fast in popularity. It would gain far faster through more advertising. And per haps this also applies to the article that you manufacture. Delineator The tlaqazfne n One' Million Homes . I I i' M i I i I I Pii i ill !'!.(i ..-'?. 'L-T-rTT: ,'j ffV'lt' jh-bhbk. . rkwrm -i -""-'-"- -"-"' J--MBa-ll