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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, June 26, 1918, Postscript, Image 1

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VOL. IV. NO. 244
PRICE TWO CENTtfc
PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 26, 1918
CorlBIOHT. 1018, BT TH PCBUO I.tPOEB COMPAKt
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WILSON URGING
DELAY IN DRAFT
AGE EXTENSION
Baker Gives President's
.View May Go Over to
Next Session
SENATE SEES NECESSITY
Some Members Think Present
Plan Will Furnish
Enough Men
' Walilnton, Juno 26.
Extension of draft ages to Include men
between the ages of twenty and forty
years may be held up until next session
by suggestion of President Wilson and
Secretary Baker.
Tho President Is understood to oppose
VJnodlfing,the age limits this sefcslon.
Secretary Baiter, who conferred today
with members of the Senate Military
Committee, is said to have conveyed this
Word to the legislators, adding his own
concurrence In the President's view.
The Senate recognizes the necessity
for changing ages, although a few mem
hers .are flinging to the Idea that, be
cause 10,000,000 or more have been reg
istered. It ought to be possible to draft
all the men needed from among this
number. Repeated warnings that Class
1, made up of those wothout depend
ents. Id shortly to be depleted, f have
failed to convlrfce these Senators. Some
of them are opposing the change on the
ground thRt they do not believe the War
Department, wants it. I
- If the draft age question can be dis
posed of today the 112,000,000,000 army
bill will pass.
SENATE LOATH
TO EXTEND DRAFT
By CLINTON W. GILBERT
BtaO Corrcttondent Evening Public I.edotr
Washington. June 26.
Senator Wadsworth has called tinnn
the Senate to "make the war a world
war." With the, dropping out of
Ilussla it had ceased to be a world
war. According he asked that, as
soon as numerical superiority over the
uermans Had been reestablished on
the west front, this country should
carry the fight agamst Germany and
her allies',lnto all parts of the world
where. Germany and her allies can
be fought:
Senator Wadsworth would have
America aid Italy In; pressing: the war
into the heart of Austria. He would
send an army into Siberia to re-eite,blUh-v,theeast,
front. He would
'have troops sent to Salon lea to wake
the many there Into activity. He
would participate with England In the
.operations In Mesopotamia and Pales
tine." t He asked that war bo made
upon Bulgaria and Turkey as well as
upon Germany and Austria. ,
The Senator was taking part In the
debate on the Fall amendment to the
army appropriations bill providing for
the drafting of men from eighteen to
, forty-five years old. but merely for
the training of those under twenty
one. Favors Twenty to Forty Years
An amendment by Senator Fall, 'of
New Mexico, to the $13,000,000,000
army appropriation bill was under
consideration. Later -the Senatpr re-
visea tne ftmcnuiiieni. 10 mage trie
ages twenty to forty. A provision
that youths under twenty-one should
not be called Into active service was
eliminated.
The New Tork Senator saw the
nation's task big and favored, accord
ingly, the widest practicable extcnaing
of the dratt age. If husbands -and
fathers were not to be called soon
from the present registry, he said, it
would be necessary to authorize tho
registering of younger nnd older men.
By calling out a large army and mak
ing the fight against Germany where
over It could be made, Mr. Wadsworth
said the war would bo shortened.
Demoerats Opposed
But he was almost alone In present
ing a bold and large conception of this
' country's duty and of the preparation
necessary for Its. performance. The
Senate for tho most part was content
to play politics with the extension of
the draft. And the Administration is
! playing politics with It, and timid pon
tic at .mat. -
The Democratic party does not want
to go Into the coining national cam
paign with the responsibility (or draw
ing men older and younger than the
men now on the register. The Dem
ocrats wish to pretend that plenty of
men are to be had from the present
rolls although Senator Wadsworth de
clared, and most of the membersof
the Senate Military Affairs Committee
agreed with him. that Class 1 of the
men .eligible te draft, composed of men
without dependents, will be exhausted by
November.
The Administration Bhows more anx-
'lety over the extension of the .draft than
It did over Instituting compulsion.
-R.twlallv In there fear to call out
--rr" - , . ,,........
youths unaer iweniy-one, mwu
military testimony agrees that they
make the bfst soldiers, recover more
quickly from the strains and injuries
of war, and no great army can be
organized in this country without de
torylng Industry unless men younger
than twenty-one are drafted.
Fall Amendment Weak
The Fall amendment is, as many con
sider It, a weak and Impracticable com
promise. It Is held to be unwise and
unnecessary to caltomen to the colors
three years before' they can be used.
Training takes only three to six months
before shipment to France.. The train
ingrof men of eighteen who could not
be used till they were twenty-one was
so obviously Impracticable tnat it was
proposed to amend the Fall proposal by
making the ages twenty to forty-five, so
thRt men could be called and trained
just before they became of age. In this
way three t'o six months would be gained
In getting men ready for service.
Finally 'Senator Hitch'cock proposed
an amendment making the ages from
twenty to forty, the boys undej: twen.
ty-one to be available only for train
ing. On this proposal a vote will prob
ably be taken today. It may carry
because the politicians will be able to
go to Jlielr constituents and say that
no one not having the vote will be sent
Continued on fat Two.- Column Six
-ft
vhen'yv
Evening Ledger to Publish
Draft Numbers Promptly
The Evening Ftinue LF.nciF.n hns
mado special arrangements to ob
tain the numbers of the' second
draft lottery tomorrow as soon ns
they are 'drawn and will publish
them In special editions until the
lottery Is completed.
Secretary of War Baker, blind
folded, will draw the first number
at 9:30 n. m. In a committee room
of the Senate Building at Wash
ington. ' Tho drawing will placo nearly
800,000 men who became twenty
one years of ago since the first
drawing In the order In which they
shall be called for military service.
Twelve hundred numbers are to
be drawn, and it Is expected tho
proceeding will be completed In
three hours. i
I
344,525 CALLED
TO ARMY CAMPS
NEXT ,MONfH
New Summons by Crowdcr
Makes Huge Total for
July
Washington, June 26.
Draft calls, announced by the Provost
Marshal General during the last twelve
hours show that at least 344,5:5 men
will go to training camps during July.
Four calls totalling 124,525 men. were
announced today. In addition to the call
for 220.000 Issued Inst night. ,
Of the calls today, 33,259 whites are
ordered to entrain July 5-9, and 21,265
whites are ordered to entrain July 15-
19. Between July 16 and 20 a total of
45,000 negroes are ordered to entrain,
and 25,011 more between July 29 and
31.
White entrapment July fi-.l Includes
3000 from Pennsylvania to Tamp Wads
worth, Spartansburg, S. C, and 2500
from New Jersey to Camp Humphreys,
Va. July 15-19 cntralnment Includes
1459 whites from Pennsylvania to Camp
Wadsworth. Negro entralnment, July
16 to 20, Includes 300 from Delaware
to Camp Meade; 000 from New Jersey
to Camp Dix.
MAJOR TEDDY, JR., POPULAR
Young Roosevelt, Cited for Brav
ery, Idol of His Men
By EDWIN L. JAMES
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
'ioht, S01S, bv yew York Time Co.
With the American Army. June 26.
Theodore Boosevejt, Jr., who has been
cited by his commanding general for ex
traordinary bravery and courage, and Is
to bo decorated, Is popular among the
men under him.
I have on several occasions visited
his command and know the high esteem
and respect In which he Is held by his
men. It Is no. exaggeration to say thai'
he Is their Idol. Major Roosevelt has
been now for fie months on active duty
in tno iront lines.
KERENSKY COMING TO U. S.
Former Russian Premier Report
ed to .Have Left London
London, June 25. Alexander Keren
skY. former Russian Premier, who nr
rid in London several das ago,, w as
reported today to have left for America.
Officials denied then was any political
significance In his visit here, or In his
proposed trip to the United States.
Several weeks it go It was reported
that Kerensky had already arrived In
America, and that his purpose In com
ing here was to obtain the aid of the
United States In restoring his govern
ment, overthrown by the Bolshevik).
ROUND UP "SLACKERS"
Poliee Begin 'Early on "Work or
jFight Crusade
rrovost Marshal General Crowder has
been "beaten to It" by the police of the
Twelfth and Pine streets station.
The "work or fight" order of the pro
vost marshal does not become effective
for a tew days, nut tne ponce have
taken the initiative in enforcing it, ar
resting Blxteen negroes in South street
poolrooms on suspicion of being 'gentle
men pi leisure.
SPAIN WANTS LIBERTY TO ACT
"Intervention in International
Affairs" Government's Desire
Madrid, June 26. The Government Is
anxious to complete ltw parliamentary
business and adjourn Parliament so that
It will have foil liberty to "Intervene in
International affairs of the highest Im
portance." This declaration was made today by
former Minister Caballero.
' SWJSS INTERN U.sTfLIER
Piloting French Biplane, He
Lands Over Border Uninjured
rrl. Juno 26. A French biplane.
piloted by an American airman, landed
In Switzerland, and the American, a
lieutenant, was Interned by the Swiss
authorities, rawi dispatch received here
today. '
The machine was damaged, but the
aviator was uninjured.
Allies" Raids Win,
Official Reports, Show
FRENCH
"In the regions of Mailly-Bene-val,
Mlllcocq, VInly, Cornillet and
Lorraine we made successful raids,
capturing prisoners and machine
guns. ,
"A German attack In the sector
of Le Port was repulsed.
"American forces carried out a
brilliant operation In detail In Bel
leau wood during the night. v One
hundred and fifty German prison
ers, among them- a captain, have
been counted so far," '
, BRITAIN
"We took a few prisoners and a
machine gun In raids and patrol
encounters in the neighborhood of
Sally-le-Sec and west of Mervllle.
"In the neighborhood of Vilie-sur-Ancre,
Commecourt, Iiallleu!
and HVzebrouck there was hostile
artillery lighting."
YANKEESR0UT
FOE IN FIGHT AT
BELLE All WOOD
i
Advance 200 to 400 Yards
on Kilometer
Front
BATTLE LASTS 4 HOURS
Pershing's Men Rtfvcl in Fa
vorite Style of Combat
' ting Enemy
Amcrimns Fight Valiantly,
Punish Superior Numbers
Willi (he American Annv in
Frame, June 23 (Night).
An entire German battalion par
ticipated In yesterday morning's
raid near Badonvlller against two
Franco-American companies that
were holding strong points.
The attack followed a violent
bombardment.
The Germans were split up Into
two parties. Kadi group appeared
to outnumber the Allied forces, but
despite this fact German prisoners
were taken and casualties were
inflicted upon the attackers. Our
men fought valiantly.
By EDWIN L. JAMES
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledgei
"'". ' bU Xew York Ttmr, r.
With the American Army on the
Marne, June 26.
American forces hao advanced
their line south cif the village of Bel
lue for a distance of 200 to' 400 yards
on a front of one kilometer, capturing
five machine guns and routing tho
Germans out of several hidden gun
nests.
This fight, which lasted four hours,
was not' arcompanled by artillery or
gas fire and was mostly close-hand
flghHiig, the kind which Americans
most prefer. It was a fight such as
seldom occurs in this war, where usu
allf tfortf'Vi nriultlntict na est m'oll Ae- t
fined that, barrages can be laid safey
by both sides down to a matter of
j i.n t,nn.rAH u- um nr,i.,Mfln1iia. tronn ecUlnc: the most Liberty
Inches.
1 Germans and Americans got so
mixed up In the north end of the Bols
de Belleau that neither side risked
using artillery for fear of killing Its
own menj
Attacked In Daylight
Americans began to advailce at 6
o'clock in broad daylight. "In the ex
treme north woods the Germans had
been able to establish some machine
guns, which were fiirlng against us.
Our men advanced against these posi
tions and discovered that to the north
of the' woods the Germans had estab
lished a strong line position. We ad
vanced close to this and are holding our
positions near the Hun line.
A h',11 at the northern end of the
Bols da Belleau commands a stretch of
about seven kilometers of Boche lines,
and the enemy Is making every effort
and sustaining heavy losses at the hands
of the Americans in holding it.
Sunday night the Americans found
that tfte Germans had organized posts
with great Ingenuity. At one point the
nature of the terrain preentfcil machine
guns on the ground from commanding
the surrounding area. Herc dead Ger
man gunner was found seated In the
.crotch of a tree, his hand still resting
on a machine gun slung from a pulley
and carefully counterbalanced down so
that It could be pointed In every direc
tion. This German stayed at his post
until an American got him.
Other Tree Are Uert
Another machine gun was found on a
cleverly concealed platform in a tree,
while in another tree a one-pounder
was mounted until we put It out of com
mission. Preceding the advance of our In
fantry, American artillery had put down
a heavy bombardment of- German posi
tions, in the woods, but large trees Im
paired the effectiveness of the shells.
A few hours after the successful Amer
ican operation the Germans put over a
heavy gas attack on. a1 sector of our llr.e.
More fighting for the possession of the
hill at the northern end of the Bols
de Belleau Is to be expected.
Our artillery roncenerated on a Ger
man general Blair car Sunday afternoon,
The German Crown Prince commands
the German army group fronting the
American troops, but our officers enter
tained little hope that he was so near
me iront line.
AMERICANS CAPTURE 221
i
AND ALL 'BELLEAU WOOD
With the Americans on tlm Marne,
The Americans took the remainder of
Belleau Wood last night.
The German losses In killed and
wounded were extremely heavy. They
also lost at leaflt 221 prisoner. In
cluding a captain and six other officers.
The Americans captured many machine
guns.
In this action tho Americans further
flattened the apex of the German drive
toward Paris. They "how completely
hold the wood, the northern end of which
has been in dispute since thi Ameri
cans first halted the German lush three
weeks ago.
The Germans desperately sought to
retain the advantage of holding the
wood, without which a movement toward
the Meaux is Impossible. They literally
crowded their part or tne forest with
machine suns.
Our success resunea rrom neavy shell
ing all Tuesoay, wnicn was louowea by
at attack at b P. in. An nour and a
half later, the enemy was reported as
nttemntlnir to leave the woods. Thev
fwere swept by an enfilading machine-
gun fire, many ngming to me aeatn,
others surrendering. V.
At daybreak this morning Trlvate
Frank P. Lennart, Chicago, marched
Into headquarters here In charge of
seventy-eight German privates and five
officers all of whdm surrendered to him
voluntarily, after they had first taken
him prisoner. Lennart Insisted he had
promised his captain he'd take them In
alone, and had obtained consent to lead
the out of the w'oods.
This Incident does not indicate the
general nature of the fighting which was
most desperate. It lasted until mid
night, when the Americans, aided by Ger-
.? ..Icinnrs. had duff In to maintain
...., ,...- r----.---,--- -;,-,. ,"VV"
meiF gains uhu ..,. w,, ii m-iuo
open on the right had forced Its way as
far north as the point of the woods.
completely mraKiHi"''K " v
The Uennuiio. im m- c.i,,iwi, ,n una
captain, who knew before we did that
we had him surrounded, fought until
they were driven from their strongholds
by 'hand grenades or bayonets. They
'?$, tf Aw,,JOTrt,lfe sk
reserved tneir rune " mui'inne-gun
''-' ' - - YH - Kligl
"I r-;-':lsi?' I
& CTVW s. )UW
' . . ;-!V; " !." iit-.i
WILL MEET MRS. WILSON
Ellen Mary Cassatt, one of the
leaders of the Girl Srouts in Phila
delphia, will meet the President'
wife upon her arrival here this
afternoon to present a fliK to Troop
57, Girl Smut;, for Felling the prcal
ct number of Liberty Bonds in the
last campaign
PRESIDENT'S WIFE
VISITS CITY TODAY
Will Present Flag to Main
Line Girl Scouts This
I
Afternoon
.
I
SOLD MOST WAR BONDS i
Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, wife of the
President, will lslt Philadelphia this
afternoon to present members of Troop
57, Girl Scouts of Philadelphia, with the
American flag she promised the rhlla-
Bonds.
Miss Glen Martin and Miss Ellen
Mary Cassatt, heads of the Girl Scouts
organization here, will meet the Presi
dent's wife when she arrives at 2:20
o'clock at Broad Street Station and es
cort her to the Broad Street Theatre,
where the ceremony will be held.
Troop BT, whose membership takes In '
Vlllanova, Bryn Mawr and other Main
Line towns, sold 308.900 Liberty Bonds
In .the last loan, the largest number
j'sr.ld'by any troop lri the coiiiitry. Miss
Mary Farnum racKaro?, viuanova, is
captain of the victorious troop.
Miss Clntra Kills, Bryn Mawr, who
sold more bonds than any. Individual
girl, has been delegated to present to
Mrs. Wilson a bouquet of orchids, her
favorite flower.
The girl scouts will give the salute and
pledge allegiance to the flag as the open
ing number of the program. Led by tho
Marine Band they will sing "America."
Mrs. Juliet Lowe, Xew York, national
president of the Girl Scouts, will Intro
duce Mrs. Wilson.
Mrs. Wilson plans to return to Wash
ington Immediately after the program
ly after the program.
She will be accom
cial secretary. Miss Benham.
WAR-HELD WORK
PADS CITY'S PURSE
Canceled. Contracts Will
Render Useless Many
Jobholders
WAY TO BOOST POLICE
Many city engineers, surveyors,
draftsmen, clerks and Inspectors will
find themselves with little or nothing
to do before the end of summer, be
cause of the stoppage of municipal
work until after the war. Their aggre
gate salary, if political powers would
permit their being dropped, would go
far toward .providing an increase for
firemen and policemen.
The mehey thus saved. If augmented
by the $92,000 balance that Director
Wilson, of the Department of Public
Safety, says he will have partly be
cause of his Inability to keep filled the
ranks of pollcemena and firemen, would
make up so much of the planned wage
increase that It would be very easy
for Councils to find any further bal
ance needed to give the men of the
two Important bureaus' a satisfying
wage.
The present pay of policemen and
firemen Is so Inadequate that In these
times of high prices It Is with the
utmost difficulty the ranks of flremenj
and patrolmen are kept large enough
even to be thinly spread over the city.
Money appropriated early In the vear
for a full force of both classes Is piling
up In balances that could be applied
to the increases asKea.
Cash Juggling Intimated
Unless something of this kind Is
done, money actually set asde for
paying 'police and firemen will be
transferred to other purposes more im
portant, In the opinion of politicians,
than paying a fair wage to the two
bureaus, upon whose efforts the safety
and protection of the city largely rests,
The $92,000 balance expected in the
Departmetn of Public Safety Is a nest
egg that will be available at the year's
end, for use either as indicated or to
merge and make a part of 1919 funds
available for appropriation. If taken
away from, the Department of rublfu
Safety, the move will be in strong con
trast to conditions in previous years,
when It has frequently been necessary
to add funds for this department's ac
tivities.
The entire construction program of
the city in couneuuun wim puuuu im
provements la In an upset condition,
and unless Mayor Smith and Jila ad
v fiFT-?? f&F&rtv 'Vu"lt ? tt " vvT "nu
BERLIN ENDS
PEACE PARLEY
ON U. S. TERMSJ
Hertling Will JNot Discuss
Wilson's "Four Points"
Further -' . ,
CHANCELLOR ADDS TO
KUEHLMANN'S SPEECH
Statements From Opponents,
"Especially America," Make
New Debate Futile
NOT A "PEACE BASIS"
Official Draft of Foreign Sec
retary's Address Declared
f1 1 -wre.i
lampereu with
Iyontlim. Juno 2d.
Germany refuses further dWcusslon
of the "four peace points" nf Presi
dent Wilson's speech of I'ebiuary 11,
Tills was made plain In the Helchstag
debate following Foreign Secretary
Kuehlmiinn'a "war-alms" speech of
Monday, according to dispatches from
Amsterdam.
Ilcrtling's Attitude
Chancellor von Hertling made u
biief address, In which he said that
when he lecently spoko concerning
peace It was legnrded hy the Allies
as a "symptom of weakness nnd n
crafty tiap," tho same dispatch, said
; "-" "- .ii"ku or uermany s un-
linkable will" he was accused of vole-
,n5Ie'TIn",X,,,,ar!r;iie ,"'
i , - -- - --n---' w iwui .i i
the principles in President Wllon'n
message of February 11," Von Heit
ling wild. lie declared It was a pos
sible lia.sls of peace, hut as Wilson had
not replied there was "no use of con
tinuing the spinning of the threads
thus started.
"There Is still lps nhlort .' li cniii
"after statements mado since that
time, especially fmm America.:'
"At first I had nn Intention of par
ticipating In this debate," said Von
Hertling.
'' originally had no Intention .if
taking part In this debate." said the
Chancellor. "The reasons for mv ret
icence nip apparent, namely, the ex
periences I hate had, taken together
with my predecessor's remarks in pie
viiiUH speeches.
! .... ,. ....
i u ojiuui- our willingness ror
ten that was recarded as h mm.,.
i peace, that wub regarded ns u hi nip
torn Of weakness nml m,,. ir,,mnin,i..
rnpendlng collapse. By others It
interpreted.iis,crafty traps.. -m--,
"Did -we speak, on the other hand,
of our unshakable will to defend tmr
jeltes In a war of conquest so crlm-
nally thrust upon us. it was said tlmt
it was the voice of German militarism
1U '"L-n even tne leading statesmen
must submit willynllly.
"I went n step further on Fehruarv
-4 and expiessly stated my attitude
toward the message of President AVI1
son in hlch ho discussed his four
points and gave, in principle, my as
sent to them. I hald these four points
'fnr(rrelde',,t ,W1!?.0n mlKht POSSlbly
form the basH df a general world
i'"' "iterance or President Wil
son wnaiever followed this, so .that
I there is nn nlii.r. i ,i ' i lmu
Commends Ktielilniunn
"There Is still less object after state
ments which have since i cached us es.
peclally from America. These state
ments, indeed, made it really clear
what is to be understood from a peace,
leaguo of peoples or a league of peoples
for the maintenance of freedom and
Justice.
"Our opponents made It clear they
would bo the kernels of this league of
people and it would in this way not be
difficult to Isolate the uncomfortable
upward strivings nf Germany and by
economic strangulation to extinguish
her vital breath. 1 considered it as
against this quite proper that the For
eign Secretary make a statement on
the details of our political position in
tho East from Finland to tho Black
Sea. In my opinion he fulfilled the
task thoroughly."
Regret was expressed by a Centrist
member that the words of the Foreign
Secretary were still as belligerent as
ever. He added:
"Nevertheless, I believe Ywe have
passed the climax of International
hatred. German war alms offer no
obstacle to a Truce of God,"
Count von Westarp. Conservative,
declared that the words ot the For
eign Secretary regarding responsibility
for the war alarmed him. Dr. von
Kuehlmann'fl declaration, did not
strengthen the will to peace.
"Abroad," he continued, "they will. I
fear, regard It as a new peaco offen
sive. An appeal to the good will of
England Is usclessl."
The conservatives changed the draft
of Von Kuehlmanu's speech, altering
the shorthand notes and as a result
the press version was different from
the actual address, according to the
Central News correspondent at Am
sterdam. , , , ,
The Taegllsche Rundschau refers to
the whole matter as "a political
J1 tt
Von Kuehlmann followed the chan
cellor on the floor, retracting part of
his previous statements.
KUEHLMANN'S ADDRESS
ANGERS BERLIN PRESS
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Convriolit. J9'. "U -''"' 0TK '""" "
Thellague, June 26.
Doctor von kuehlmann's speech In
the Reichstag, owing to Its lack of de
tails of the Dobrudja question, has
caused anger and disappointment In
all parties. The Cologne Gazette
hopes that Kuehlmann's words over
the division of the norther Dobrudja
will be sufficient In Sofia, and that it
.in h realized that that is all the
spoils which are coming. The paper
savs that Bulgaria cannot expect to be
5 -A than Tnrkev. "Ger-
many's friend.
There are Indications, however, that
the Bulgarian friend Is getlng some
what obstreperous in his demands,
ni u'.r '.eltuntr publishes an ar
ticle on Bulgaria.'; war alms, polntlnr
MA CHINE R Y OF DEA TH
SET FOR NEXT DRIVE
4
British Soldiers and Defenses on Edge for Onslaught.
Confidence Rules British Bapaume Bombed
by Airmen Every Day
By rttlLIP
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Voi'urlohl. 13s, bu -VfW York Times Co.
Wnr Correspondents' Headquarters
on the Western Front, Juno 26.
The senior olilcers of a British rcgl.
mont went around- tho lines tho other
day. They nsked ono man what he
thought would happen It tho enemy
attacked his sector. Tho man thought
for a moment to measure things up In
his mind, and then ho said in his
dryest way:
"Well. sir. If he comes over hero we
shall make things darned Interesting
for him."
The word "Interesting" covets tho
deep nnd terrible meaning which that
soldier had In mind when he thought
of all tho defensive preparations that
had been made during tho week to
tangle up the enemy and put every
hunker in his way and make death
traps into which his men would
stumble when they were ordered for
ward In an assault nil alng the front.
The oflicers and men are full of con
fidence that the Germans will take tho
knock, as they call It, when they try
to smasn mroiiEii next time. ann. now-1
eer horrible t Is to think of another , t baPe 0 front anrt nlollK
series of battles having to be faced l , f hundred miles
hefoie the year Is out. it ?, f0?1!,,1 ' or more with tran-port columns mov
know that the soldiers have this belief ,';'..,. ,h .... i Fi,nnllcs of ra
in their defensive strength, and that "f up ,1th the u ual supp If"
as every week passes u gives" us i
nttM ouaou ii tnvfq n
In nf ...piiritv The Brit '
ii n hiirrv for the cnemv i
n a hum fot encmj
greater margi
Ish are not I
to begin
nseVV'waT Mf
isMuns
tins time ni iiuicuii ina m
peace
Kvrltlnc for New Men
The young lads who have come out
tn Joln'tho veterans have a prettv ex
citing time along the roads which the
s
BAVARIA'S HARVEST REPORTED A FAILURE
COPENHAGEN, June 8S. The Bavarian harvest this seasan
ha's proved a failure and the population is preparing for still
further sufferngs, said a dispatch from Berlin quoting; the
Tageblatt..
UNITED STATES LENDS BELGIUM $2i250.O0O MORE
WASHINGTON, June 26. Belgium today was extended a
further credit of 98,2(50,000 by the United States, v
GENERAL STRIKE 'AUSTRIAN LOSSES
ON IN HUNGARY QUARTER MILLION
Railway, Postal and Tele- Path of Retreat in Montello
phone Service Involved. Carpeted With Corpses of
See Political Significance , Soldiers
SEYDLER'S AIDS TO ST AY, CAVALRY PLAYS HAVOC
l.omlnn, June 2S
All railway postal and telephone scr-
vices are now inoIvcu in me Bcncrni
strike In Hungary, the Geneva rorrr-
spondent nf the London Dally News tele-
graphs h'H p:uer The Halmcd Newes
wiAiicr Journal Interprets the walkout
as haxing a political significance, fince
, .nftraee bill as presented to the,
Hungarian Parliament and a fle-day
strike was ordered June ji. v
' The Austrian defeat has caused pro-
found depression In Vienna., according
to ,a Basel dispatch. Crowds paraded
the streets In angr demonstrations
i n,n,, (he disnatch said, 50,000
persons marched through the streets de-
mandlng peace. They were dispersed by
the police. , ,
Minister of Railways Bauham will
succeed Doctor on Seydler as Premier
of Austria, according to Vienna .news -
papers receied here. It Is asserted by
the newspapers thaC tho other members
of the cabinet ho tendered their reslg-
nations with Doctor o Seydler. have
been , Induced to remain in office.
Deen nmm. u
W..l.l..t.n. June 26. - Emperor
Icharle. replied an;bguou8.y to Fremer
toncontlnue he n a agemenVo affairs
ProXlon"lly. according to an Kntente
Sfnloniallc telegram icceUed here re-
PrnE : that the resignation resulted
K,nvon 8c idler Inabldty to obtain
majority in tne iir,"".
mulnrltv In tne ueicnrwi.
T e Austrian cr.sls continues." the
.snatch Sates, -and It Is. becoming
dUn
.. v... hninf n-olomretl. I ne seue
b'nrbe j UV"'B ""
.. k liftinf.
w-orw "J .-.:.. i" 4...-i H
herself today In h terribly dlfticult sltua.
Hon She can no longer do without Par
I lament, but. on the other hand, the car
Son of Parliament Is Impossible,
S Wth or without Seydler, the
Stamen" will find Itself without a
mhe)zelt speaks of. the recopstHullon
of a Seydler ministry and also of a re
?, nf Czernln. It foresees that the
cr&s wllMaS time and adds that
Z nnrllamentary circles It is no longer
nought. Tole to convoke the BeJchs-
raAhdlspatch from Paris says:
i-riie danger for the Hapsburg mon--i.
. i.rnmlnit clearer. If the masses
of tneworklng class join, their move
ment to that, of the oppressed 'Slavs.
then no uo " - -longer
at Vienna.
.ktimnr in iiiiaaiuio aiu
n.tl Bate Inrreae Time Extended
ti'.tlilnttonr June ;t. ine oraer i
"?Vi5inr general of railways per
I ha
mlltl
iling roads to apply for mcreasea
'e1;'.' which was to W explr-d lodn
rates
jy;,mvsacooV,.ffiouij
t0'la', . VV V"&'
ii
-
GIBBS
German gunners have registered, In
tho villages which get knocked about
at odd hours by high-velocity shells,
and In the trenches, where thev have
to be quick with their gas masks and
handy with tho machine guns nnd
steady when the barrage comes down
before a night raid on outposts.
Minor operations, which do not
make much show In the newspapers,
are as Important as any other kind of
battlo to them, nnd they nrenot out to
make big history unless strlctlj neces
sary. When the time conies they will
go through with It in the usual way
that the British soldiers have gone
through all the battles of this war, to
the wonder of all men who see them In
action.
Normnl st the Went front
So now llfo Is normal f.n the front,
with the usual amount of shell fire,
knocking out a few men here, a few
men there on this sector, and ptodliig
a normal nmount of work In field ho- i
pltals and casualty clearing station, and I
demonstrating that mere is a war on
to tho people who are not likely to for
get It.
Tho bus ness of the Hay proeeeas a
... ..... , .iv,i . .i..rih !.
'":' .,: " '. ...i ji i
. .--. - - ...
Panle working on roads and digging
"ew trenches, with battalions In rest
(l.amln(; , , tnp on fields and
battalions In support putting new drafts
ll'UuIooenomg ali-mX,
"-rri'i"
part of that highly complicated machine
known as the army in tne nein.
Wherever one goes, the same old pic-
Continued on Psite Five. Column Two
, By AUSTIN WEST
J Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
orinaiir, isie, bu .Vein Vorfc Times Co.
Milan. June IB
Trom the Montello unlnntl m Ran
Dona the whole countryside Is ono
vast cemeterv. nnd In ..,.. ,
. thousands of unburled bodies render
"' -'r u"wdw. Throughout this
are no longer any other
Austrlans oth
prisoners, dui rrom San Dona seaward
"uus " htg l"fl'11""dln: to the
.KHttftl'a.
, ous nature of the currents thereabouts
add to the difficulties of the Austrian
. retreat.
Taking advantage of this situation,
Italian cavalry regiments have, been
, , "" ,nl pla , ana In furious
charges are punishing the fugitives
( with their swords,
i Cavalrv Plav Havoc"
vairy i lay Havoc"
At Campolungo, south of Zenson.
their mighty onrush, overwhelming all
resistance, brought them to the very
, P"toons crowded with Austrlans
, nbout t0 cross, nallan infantry and
I "SP" J"?e:L'0",!'"? ! h.elr
" doners! w'- K'
I " i estimated that the Austrian
'.ft "?"' ,apr2?hc,h a "-"arter of
million men. The Austrian Isonza
I rmy, which, on the eve of battle, was
, amented by from three to four army
, .a. ...... a ... .....v. ,u mur unity
corps about fifteen dlvlslons-had
, - -..-- lc:. . -:'""- ""-
'""" ,,."S twelfth and .!.y
eve" IW." tenth, twelfth. Mima.
' v - .....-...- .,,, UU(t.pU vwy
In rloiirl umirtnirl nnrl rMlaalm An.
In dead, wounded and missing. Qne
regiment was reduced to five, officers'
and 362 men. Ten of. them., the best
fighting regiments, and divisions of
Schuzteu. Konved and Feldjager were
cut utterly to pieces at the same time.
Losses Staggering
Austrian officers themselves reck
oned about 40.000 men and horses lost
In combat In their sixth army fronting
Montello, while the' losses Incurred In
the subsequent catastrophic retreat
are not known with any sort of pre
cision. Hundreds of bodies Jiave been 'car
ried out to sea. The general command
ing the Nlnety-flrst Schutxen brigade
was found near Meolo with hid brains
blown out, having killed' himself
Amidst the nlled-un-corpses i of his
forces, annihilated, after a, valiant re;
slstancet ;
Boys Over There Ask Hope News ,
1rl, June 26. The comnilttV-v
punuc miomwuw mii
00 worasor. Amtrn ,nwp
dally from Washingtea topi
to tne AWw';i',V. V"
ha.'-r,
532""
tetki
- ijyr
ITAIIANS lWfr
SEER DECK
BY BIG
lfrsnmfr. P nllriwmo- TTn"
, v
Offensive Means Eneml
Disaster
TEUTON RETIREMENT
IN MARSH LANDS:
1
Debacle of Drive Recarded M
Serious Impairment of
German Influcncp
FOCH PLANNED DEFENSE
Strengthened Allied Line anmm
Piave Stand, General-
. . , . ifEs
issimo s strategy -sg
$101
t iWfA'I
BLOP
Special Cable to Evening Public LtdgerSMm
Copyrtoht, Die. by .Vcio York Timet Co. Ot3
rrl. June It.
It Is reported here that the Austrian ftJ
defeat has resulted In the capture ofk'-i
much larger number of prisoners thai"dV
the official bulletins have yet dlscloaedrffi
- ".i.tK
uno statement Is that In the, last tr,VS?
days alone no fewer flian 10,000 Al.s&
tr,ans have been taken capthe. '"fyi
The Italian victory Is now recognlied!J
as in
ny
ineontestnhln nn thnt nf thft .fM
there are high hopes here yfifc
lead In A whnlp. serien of Vx2
further happy results.
Most of the Important paperss peculate Srlj
as to now far the Itallansw 111 be able 'rti
to pxnlnlt their trhininha. .Tn.nli T?tn- Ns-.
nch In the Figaro urges the Allies to, A
follow tho German method of strikln&3
whom the adprsapv la vfakt t.IT '.r
drive against Austria with all theh-J
force while she Is torn with lnteraAiii
troubles and utterly disorganized at tafuu
More nlvrm to Cross , "Sfi
Innlt... ,iIH.. nntnta nlit Iha, 4fcA&l
. ."",". "r ' r'. ....."".. sy
4UBirmu iciiciib win uc uisaacrou SL
It Is now resolutely followed up byt." j
victorious Italians. Klglit miles beyen .
tho Plaxo "the army will hive id" cros vj
tne L,ienza ana iemene rivers, wmm 'm
are most probably now at full flood. .fitAjg
little further nacx is tne Tagnamenu
an Important stream which will fce"dM
flcult for the defeated anddemoralli
Austrlans to cross. ."" .
Furthermore, for more than twent?
miles along tne coast Deiween me nw
and the Tagiwmento are marsnes, aya .jua
aging more man seven mnes . w
which may expose Austria to dtM
If they are not aireaay prepareacifi
good defensive positions. , n
Ji is generally oenevco mreii
itaiidn it nniv iram H. hdhila
daritcWrUv tharest of tle' AllU
not connne iijcmseiveB 10 iocju-j
due win squareiy xuno n v
with a view to a 'decisive vlcte
the Austrlans.
Blow to Oermany JfttWf'ii
it is emphasized here also thatStioV'
Austrian defeat must be regarded as
severe blow to Germany, since ii.is
hlleri thnt it wan she that ins
that the Austrlans should take the";
f ensue in order to relieve tne pre.
on the French rront, ana mis a
thn Austrian nlea to be allowed to
,,.v, till nflpr the hancit in view of.
serious political and food situation-
home. .... w
It Is also recalled here that uen
Foch spent several weeks In Italy ,
ing tho retreat' on the Piave when;
Austrlans, aided by the German at
under Otto von Below, believed."!
selves to be really the masters of v
netia. Foch then advised the Piave
a strong line of defense which iey(
have proved It to he. fe'
Opinion here Inclines to tnis
that the effect of tne Austrian d'
win he to make the Germans more
ly.than ever to resume the offenslviV
i.M H.aBtB.n nnr In nrrlpf- tn irtf
tne ...-... (.. ... ....... . ..,.,
force a final decision as soon as
HOPED TO FORCE
ITALY TO PEi
Washington, June
Italian troops have been sue,
In all of their ortenstve op
mralnst the retreating Austi
parlan nrmles. according to an'
dispatch from Borne, recelvedVfc
1 ml Inn embassy. .
"They evidently foresaw the?)
Diuty oi mi """ "'! " '
n.HMnninil th nosslbllltv of theh
defeat," the dispatch staled. '?T
Paners found on all the DrkM
say the offensive against ltly.j(
to bo tne last sirpue, toiw
Italy vout of the war and fore'!
make a separote peace. The Aw
soldiers were promised food and J
This explains tne extra
bravery with which the Austrk
fnnirhr ' d5.
"The King has awarded t
medal for bravery to the leaden
Polish legions fighting af-'owfl
The medals have been bestow
thA men for their exes
bravery, demonstrated durlpg.4
cent actions. sSftt
"In tho region of Montello'.
tana have found the body of II
racca. the aviator, 'who "had I
return during the tflrst days) '
TjpertiU UIB tl llldly lftlVH,.
wan fond In the right tea
leads to the, belief that wh
Baraccaaw 4hat.hu aiaan
forced him to descend, In it
lines no fuucu, iiutMva iku
W"- The loss of" M
u deep)y feltm IUIyai
hio- nvlatnr nf th,
luJIna ftlHntAV n tl,Av
about fifty enemy muk
"Italian pyropianeev
setting ere, w; ,(
steaming' nearntku'
coast. ' iThe' lire'' ip
bombs drepped trees
cnines. ,Kf4si,
The embassy. aniU
number of' prisoner
Italians was ffc.we.
were captureaan
tpiio on sumnmr '
on'tne name '
i The'It
trki-1
time te'i
Br
tm
-Z!
o
'- A

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