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?.Ar - " r''H fflHTWWI" " t- ' i. '. -2S ri J ",. 1V isvj&NiNG- public leierpi nvvf-r&U 3 atari "" -- , i .:'-;. ; 'j -, ., v ' L l $. . ' ?.V?i?T5?!S W4 ' m UiZ Iffc m tERYCAN INITIATIVE SURPRISES FRENCH SPECIAL CABLE iiii. 0 IIINDENBURC litNES REVEALED 7 ;r r ! vQne Is Political and Rcprc- ,2$ents German Desire of i'wM4' & Conquest I f IT h... NO REAL PEACE PARTY wforraer ReicliBtag Member ; feeilii Classes All Kaiser's Subjects I Ufl&A. . mtZ Brigands Ca6c o Evening Public Ledger .Jo"' S? .CpviMeht, 1918, by .Veto Tori- Time Co, (Ft... - rnria. July 13. fevlfi".i. . "JK!5K.' - MinuenDuru lines, une pi',iJ,a physical, military front line of the si&aerman armies. The othr Is political. '2t!f fcut no less rpnl Tt fmnt H lnMAoa 'iV. Vl h n,Bvl,,,. ...l.ll. , Ml 1 - o(!t,J,a Miimni mui-u ait vicnnam nope sa'ntO uet out of the war. It Includes vlr- $ lually all of continental Kurope nnd much of AHla and has far-reaching curves, taking In a blp section of Africa i1 rtDDe vvetterie sketched such a llnp KJT totrne today when I asked him to com- injiuir-neruinK s speecn in me neicns taK: The abbe, now In Paris, was a fnefnber of the Reichstag from Alsace for Sixteen year-r and an associate of Hert llngv. His comment on developments at Benin IS always worth while, SHertlins," he said. was talklne In- tefhal politics In his latest utterance, ItMiad nothing to do with foreign affalr. The most Interesting thing In It was his erphasis on the fact that Von Hlntze .llBd net yet been actually appointed to succeed Von Kuehlmann as Minister of Forelirn Affairs, and could not be ap- pointed till he said so. That was tnerelv Htrtling's attempt to sae his face with th politicians. ,,,. . , "Por the same purpose he Insisted In the .speech that, no matter who was i Foreign Minister. HertHng would deter- mln all the International policies of Ger many. This whole business ls comedy. and all the groups in the Reichstag un ofsta,nd It and are content to go through tbf-'mctlons of the comedy rTh only way an outsider can under, stah'd 'Germany Is to get rid of the delu sion that it Is a political State at all. .xow, on the contrary, all Germany must be considered as a military unity and nothing else. Its whole population, cl- vlllan as well as military, women as well as men. must be considered as a fighting ' army, determined to ge,t eerything It can t.uin the rest of the world. Xo German Penre Party "There is no party or group in Ger .imany committed to peace In the sense but Twnrp Is n matter of sentiment. humanity and international Justice. The Special Cable to Eiening Public Ledger only difference of opinion as to the time Comrioht. 1018. bu .Vete Voifc rimes To. ,for ending the war concerns the qucs- Thp Hague, July 13 The Weser tlon. when cin It be ended with Ger- i Zeltung declares that the Bethlehem 'many making the maximum gain. Steel Company. In suing the I'unarC "On the main point of getting the Company for compensation, stated that most they can out of the warjvll German i there were unfilled bomb cases on board ' ;'; - -k.0i,,(.iv unitml !n it Is i the l.usitanla and that this appeared in parties' are absolutely united, ho it is shlnplng Gazette Weekly In June, necessary to think of all Germans ns,191f, Tne liap,r .its Germans paid brigands, and ronslder ther acts and i ji.nuO.OUO to I'ncle Sain, after being words In the Tlelehstae and elsewhere warned bv Count von Uernstorff not" In terms of normal statecraft, but 'In terms ofphysleal aggression, and to .ii ,u..t "iii.. t- , .., , .iii,.n-. "LT...,". y"""1" '" '""'"' ""- "For example the German people have four lines of operation "The first is their Hlndenburg line, not the actual line of the troop positions. but the line including th uttermost pan Oermah dreams It means, retaining Belgium, northeastern France, Alsace Lorraine, great sections of Russia and the Balkans, the Bagdad project, and colonial, development in both hemis pheres. Cobody in Germany wants anything less than that. -'Kallmann lolltlenI T.Ine "Some people In Germany still think they will get all this. But. being driven In from that figurative Hlndenburg line the Germans have their second, or so called Naumann line That is the Mlt teleuropa Idea, only a little less ex travagant than the first line project Many Germans are more hopeful of achieving the Xatimann plan than the all-inclusive Pan-German scheme. "Retreating from the second or M't teleuropa line. thy are prepared to drop back to the Schledemann-Krzberger line and quit the war without annexat'oue is, Still further back, but within the Ger man calculations for the future, is th minority Internationalist, or the liaaze 4 line. "Tht point for the. Allies to remember 1 that there ls no political disagreement in Oermany as to the relative merits of these four lines. All would prefer to i finish the war on the extreme Illnden- Jmrg-Pan-German line Xo German would take less as a matter of justict only as a matter of compulsion.'' LUXEMBOURG WOULD ' END GERMAN SWAY People Want to Cut Loose, From Kaiser6 Influence. Plan Universal Suffrage Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger , Copyright, JJiS, by .Veto Vorfc Ttmra Co. Parli., July 13. son's plan for a league of nations. In spite of the German violation of her i French statesmen today suggeoted a So neutrallty and regardless of the many clet for Allied -Vations. a - arrMli nf ha. ll.... . . r ' " '"-' -.. lur expressing 2 Ji - sympathy for the Allies, the Duchy of ,,vfr j.uxemoourg is now openly taking a keen Interest In the comtnir nnritnm.ni.,v eleCtlOtIS hpPniltta flf tl,alt nnIMn l...... ...a w.. ..... v. ..), fjicia anci me war K?a. Thei next T.tiYemhni.rt. nn.ll.m.n. .... (JfK ( organize on September It, Ulectlon of ? r its ntty-three memberu will nivnr ,.rr.h- v!- ably next month. Candidate,, u-m v. , J- toted for or against according to their Bi " i attltude'toward the proposed new constl- rtl' " f.atlAn The two essential provisions cf the constitution, or new organic law of the '.ITdUchv. Which the Llherat p!pmiit r Ha. &X,r' termlned to have, are universal suffrage Sjapanc tne placing or tne treaty-making j, power In the hands or the people s repre ., Ven(atlvei. As It la now. the suffrage Is & limited to property taxpayers. That f" qualification ls to be done' away with. Kr ; Still more Important, from the Interna- ';, tionai viewpoint, is tne plan to give ," treaty-ratifying power to the parlla- ".' wnt t jk'v' Sv-' present the Grand Duchess has Si' , ' H rornntte novver to make treaties without ''-.'iany restraint whatever She Is pro-Ger- r. '.man by sympathy and blood, and Luxem. K"'''urftinas uffered In commercial and In W -"'!i'!ulrlal relations with other States be- i "-u of Its ruler's German affiliations Pl WHUnitllP. . .C V-...V M ...C ,VVC tk.ta b In a nosltlon after the war to !? '"$liiVl0ee frorn. Germany, which has pry. imposea upon ner ne oaa eno o akhMMnln File Dargains. ana la oecome a close '5l3ivii-;'er.F',Fi ' U. S. Troops in France Are Nightmare for Germany Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copyright, IBIS, by.Yrie York Timtn Co. Home July 13. "The constant pourltiR In of Amcrtcnn troops on the western front Is a nightmare for Germany," says the Trlbuna's special corres pondent on the French front. In u description of "wonderful Ameri can achievements." He adds: What America Is doing scorns supernatural. It H offering us a part of herself, sending to Kurope her best of every thing of men, material and brains. Her younp. darlns population Is the gieatest help the Allies could have In the present Juncture " I GERMANS CAN'T SPARE TROOPS FOR AUSTRIA Emperor Charles Therefore Declined to Accept Von Below as Generalissimo i c. , Li f - i, i f i , Special Cable to r.veninc Public l.tdser Copyright. IMS, Ij.Vrio York Timrt Co. Honip, July 13 The report that General r,n Below has been appointed commander-ln-hlef of the Austrian forces Is now denied riic truth seems to be that after the dis- aster on the I'lae stern German re- proaches uere poured on Vienna Kni- peror Charles then proposed that Ger- nians Miould assume the direction of the new offensive against Italy on condi- Hon that they would send also more material help in the shape of twelve Ger- man dlWsions. Thus helped Austria, it was hoped, would be sure to wipe out the Ignominy of the former failure. These proposals were accepted at Ber- in. but lately, for unknown reasons, Uudendorff declared he could not spare twelve divisions for the Italian front. whereupon Austria replied that she Is willing to accept a German general backed b German troops, hut refuses to accept a general without troops People are speculating here whether Germany fears complications In Uussla. or whether she Is unwilling to rl-k the demoralization of her troops bv contact wth the Austrian, or whether she Is petting uneasy at the advent of such iarRe numbers of American troops in France CHARGES BLACKMAIL BY U. S. Wescr Zeitini" Sav Canard Line i Is Sued Despite Indemnity "This discoer.v bv the Amei leans is not new as it appeared In tne Shlp- ninjr Gazette in ilU'i. ,apen ,.hm haxlnr t.racted an indent. . , tlie new nlty from Germany the merlcnns an- now trvlng to blackmail the Cunard Line This Is not nnmp American smartness fir has Hip mone.v not gon to the r Ehtful owners? Has Hi Gerard. the spe( al friend of our fortlgn nfllce I rorrntten lo Hand over tne monej ' "It Is all the samp to us. But t'.ie de plorable fact remains that we compen sated the Americans vvlion there was no reason for romp- ns.iri.in which the foi elgn office would have knon n had Ir.ey taken time to rend the Shipping Ga zette the Americans are Bible scholars and one could answer vv lfa the Bible quotation about venturing into danger" U-BOAT CAPTURES SHIP Crew Set Adrift Off Cape Racclelp of the Allies and to assist them in Pirk-eii I"n nt Sea every wav to restore the eastern fiont i K.M.G l j) at 3i a i ,,,, , (ir-vp the Uerrnans out of Kuma , All Atlantic l'ort. July 13. A Ger-' it will point to the necessltj of pro man submarine, appearing 300 miles claiming npenlj such a peate as its only off Cape Race on July ti. captured the a. in for a continuation of the war ' Norwegian bark .Manx King, and 1'uctor Gavronskv dur m.t ii.ini. n,. ordcted the crew of nineteen to take ( 1 survivors v 'ere ", "hV rT'nn ! .... ..... , , ' board a British steamship which I picked them up at sea The sutv Ivors I said they did not know what became of the bark, whether she was sunk or converted Into a raider by the Ger mans. The Manx King, a vessel of 1729 gross tons, left a United States At, lantlc port ubout two weeks ago. She Is the first craft which has been re ported as encountering a U-boat so far north In the Atlantic. SOCIETY OF ALLIES SOUGHT BY FRENCH Want Solid Organization of Entente Nations to Oppose "Mitteleuropa" Pari.. July 13 (Ry I N. S ) While entirely In accord with President Wll- Gaston Doumergue, former president of the ministerial council, In discussing the scheme, said. "Our enemies have already conrtltuted a Mitteleuropa,' which In effect, is a veritable league of nations. In respect to both offensive and economic matters, it Is sufficiently powerful to survive the war Although composed of only four States, It comprises almost half of Lurope and is capable of presenting a solid and united minority at the peace conference table It Is a real and terrible danger." Former Minister of Justice Blenvenu Martin expressed the opinion that such a society Is feasible and would do away with some of the former diplomatic er rors. "But we must not lose sight of our strength in prosecuting the war in the course of the formation of Buch an or ganization." M, Martin said. Marcel Cachin. a Socialist member of the Chamber of Deputies, declared that It Is the first duty of the Allies to unite diplomatically In one solid block, so that the Allied group of nations would be represented as a permanent diploma tic council In peace times. Just the same as they are now represented In a mili tary sense at Versailles. "It must be admitted that, despite our relationship, the Powers are not unit ed," added M. Cachin. "We have not understood one another thoroughly and nave not even stuaita together th questions ot peace- BOLSHEVIK POWER RAPIDLY WANING Dr. Gavronsky, Arriving at Stockholm, Tells of Mos cow Conditions ALLIES MUST AID RUSSIA Red Loaders Base Their Strength on Foreign Sup port, He Says Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copyright. 1918. by .Vrtc l'orfc Ttme.i Co. Stockholm, July 1.1. Hi Dmltil Gavronsky, a member of the Russian constituent assembly, ar rived In Stockholm Thursday, having been bent as the delegate of the So cial Revolutionary party to tnke part In the coming International Socialist conference. Jle arrived direct from Moscow and hud many interesting things to tell. He says that opposition to the Hoi- shelki is growing rapidly among the wiiwrin turn iiviiMiiun, uui null mti . . . . . Holshevlki base their power chiefly on rorelgn huppott In -Moscow they have at their disjiosal 16,000 well armed Lettish soldiers, some detach me'nts of Finnish Red Guards and a battalion of Chinese troops. The lat ter nre alvvnjs used for executions. The Uolsheviki are also supported h.v German war prisoners nnd the union between the Geimans and the Uolsheviki at the pieeut moment Is very strong In case of necessity, even stronger foi ces will be put by the German Government nt the dis posal of the Holshevlkl. Therefore, It Is not possible for the Russian democ racy unaided to oerthrov tile Bob shevlki. but the Social Revolutionary part looks to Intervention by the Allies as the unavoidable result of the pievalllng situation when Russia every day is sinking more and moie under the German yoke. , Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger ItnNhrv Ikl rnmplacent ' Copurioht. linn, by .Vri( Yotk Timrt Co. Iioctor Gavronsk.v declares that the London, July 13. IiolsheMkl who pretended to have slgmd It Is pointed out 'o .vour correspondent the peace r Brest only under protest, that thp ronet.ti Get man push, which now- do ever.vthlng the Germans dictate . ... , ,, ,,ni wlthou anv protest The complete dis- Im W " 1,rP"' "l a,,J momeni ruptlon of Russia Is taken by them in now. will put to a severe and Intcrcst a matter-of-fact vva Her most fertile i in tst no Ininnrtant tactical develop- terrliorlep ate taken from her nnd the '""" unspeawanie tortures are infllc'ed , on tne peasants ot tne L kralne. as well ' fnnerf'v'rtf Pustr ,nlerfcrenc'? !" uinei atia rs or i.uswia. The situation now prealling in the PkrnJnn be declares, can be best com- pared with that of BelElum. Xo: onlvl !1,rtUlerv-1,U',r ,U,"r I'T ""J'1. except. unV gooT aiid theW was no artlllcr.v and av-vhyMatlng gases, but , ' ,nl ,10 regular line lmt clemocratlc order and civil liberties have tallons ere eual to an.v work icmlred been llterallv rooted out N hat under these conditions." Dr, Gavronsky asks, lias the Ru-vlan revo- nAuwn, dfmocr,ao'' w lch- Un"ke ,1,e' im.,pH,i . "i t- n f (,ermanl thrii'hr.'itii aSr,ee,m'nt with the BolFhevlkl Is possible when their one i aim s to preserve the novver of their1. look fearlessl.v to the Indlspsnsi.ble help of the Allies u. J f .i i . . V u'inocla ' ueply per- suaded that this help will not undertake Interference In thc lnnei affali.s of Rus. -sia. but ineiely strive to facnltae the Russian people's emancipation trom the German thrall. As the Germans, at the '. ,7, . """" oring a testoratlon in poiiiicai anci social u actions, o the Allied demoLracles must help Russia to lestore complete lie national and lu rilotlal integrity and preserve the con quest of the .March revolution Pence Alm Like Allies i ue nociai tievoiutlonarj paitv still demands a general peace without aim atlons iiuiine aeierm ned tn anwm n,u nf ei tin downfall of the BoKheviki the :,V'"' "t to '"" .th.l "".'- -.... ..... iu .-.c.ai ui me i eac- tiouanes who are .ilisnlntou ,.r.,.i Ml attempts to organize monarchist on- spiracles at .Moscow, he says, have been nartv I.. tt. i.,.t i.i,..' v. ...",.. '"" "' ""-- - -" ; ;' i ' i i ...". kuuuuvi ii is uniy ii ,ice(l one of the i easons or tne uerman shadow -of power That Is why the uoclal Iaime befote Verdun was that the boche revoluiloiiar party and the laige mass tfantrv was not good enough to reap or tne i-.usian revo ut onarv ilpmnnm...- ..- ....... ... .u failures Thp name of Grand Duke Ml- celebration, the Cologne Zeltung pub chael he declared, has no authority and lishes an attack on President Wilson In still less policy That Is especially true, reference to speeches at Washington's in- saj., nere me v oiga anu hioerla ate concerned 'Immediately Bolshevik! are thrown dew n the National Asseinbl.v muf t be .onvoked. he said, "which will 'fe(e tlie power in the hands of a cabinet formed with the assistance of representa tives of local government bodies in the towns and villages Then the re-election of a constituent assembly will be or dered " TRIBUTE TO FRANCE RECALLED, i l'almvra Man Wrote Son Cliil - tlren of U. S. Sanp on York' lOWIl centenary Oh welcome. Fiance, whose wondrous glor.v Still brighter glows with each new af'e; , , j, Whose Lafavette helped wtite the stcry That 'i!f,ced our nme on hlstory s With grateful tnemoi.v enshrining Vour friendly deeds of jears gone b We pledge not one shall ever die, Until our nation falls, declining 0nre'eCdhc,s,,,nCallnce. March on' March on' for you we pray: Long live our sister. France! The bond of sympathy between the I takes up Jefferson s nag, vynicn vviison L'nited States and France was evidenced ' hns neglected, and fights for the free in a great public demonstration thirty- dom of the seas and the oppressed na-se-ven years ago. when the school chil- tinn America must Kive up her role of dren of the L'nited States sang the above a composition of Charles W Al-1 d mu3, ceie ths role to Germany, for exander. of Palmyra. N J., during the f. " ' ' ...nt nnlv consider this en celebration of the one hundredth anni- .Germany will ,0"'yr.ncr0.n'mde,d s,..u" versary of the Battle of Yorktown. I forced war satisfactorily ended when October 18. 1881. The celebration of i she has freed the world from Anglo liastlle Day In this city today recalled ; Saxon oppression, when she has opened to Mr. Alerander this demonstration in , tlie seas for the whole world, and given honor of the sister republic freedom to the British vassals state. to tne air or ine -iiarseiiaise, the song the hall. A slr.nal flashed over tin country started all school children sing ing It at once It was sung In both Knglish and French In the schools. YANKEES BREAK GERMAN RAID Enemy Sustains More Losses jn Chateau-Thierry Region Washington, July 13 An attempted German raid against American positions In the Chateau-Thierry region broke down with lcssea under pur fire. General Pershing reports In IiIb communique of July 12. made public by the War De partment today. American aviators In action against hostile planes succeeded in shooting down an enemy machine In 'the region of Thlaucourt the 'communique adds. UNLOADING GIFTS ' Jn.iiJ-V.V.V.,, .,A-Awi.-Vs , Small cranes are cmploetl hi lift American ammunition GERMANS LACK CRACK, TROOPS TO HOLD GAINS IN A NEW DRIVE Big Offensie. Due Any Moment, Will Test Enemy's Theory of Use of Infantry Value of Tanks at Stake ments of the war ,..,., of tm,S(. , thc 11P. German tn of t,,p propcr u(v. of mfantry. At he beginning of ?he war their idea was ,., .,,. ,,,,. ,,nit vm of enual . t. . ,,ii,i,t ,,Pn like ..... i..L '( ,!-i.hor.r. nf .nurse - L... .-.i... ..- i.... i,- ...,., m.K- ; of them rrl.A.. r. a V. . ittr.,.l.livrii- .f ti 1 rift. ,eioped. nnd especially the number and weight of guns. Infnntr begun to lose standing The German high command seemed to regard it a little more than ,, paM, , lo cuns. and It undoubtedly . i.. u.0 ,.r l.u tu..i.i..v In. It waB evident in the Sonime battles that the German Infantrj wus not equal, ma to man, to the British and French, ami tlie high command bfgan to realize tnat anel. all fiBhts could not be won without inf.intrv . and that something must bo done to improve the moiale of their force To do this they devise a sys- tem of special stoini troop .Now this, curiously enough, is a re- GERMAN CLAIMS U. S. ROLE OF LIBERATOR Cologne Zeitung Says Wilson Has Abandoned Fight for World Freedom " Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copyright. 151 bu .Wie York Timr? Co. The Hague, July 13. Commenting on the Fourth of July , K Tf , ,,,, ...hB inland i tomb. It declares that i of today is the Rngland of long ago, only Wilson does not recognize it, otherwise he would not have defiled Washington's grave with his speech at Mount Vernon " It also asserts that Piesident Wilson has not moved a finger to force Kngland to his program, has not helped the Irish nor the Indians, and "as long as they are not imprison- - 1 or haneei h '"'' " iwith the domestic affairs ot other na- I WUI18 "America, like Kngland,' It continues, ...,,. mile much so that her nast hls- tory will be forgotten The Declaiatlon of Independence could not be written ' today for a country that permitted the I Indian War, and the cruelties of the , n d ,,as tne annexatlon of i Texas New Mexico. Arizona, the Philippines, and even the Panama Canal Zone on its conscience The only wonder is that two countries with such a bloody past and present can still make the rest ot trie world listen to their speeches." I It goes on to say that America Is now ashamed of the Declaration of In. dependence, but that Germany bravely ..-nrtil. freer under Wilson's leadership Then a glorious Fourth will have come PRUSSIA COERCING SWISS Government Trying to Expel Author of Anti-German Books Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copyright, Ills, by fftw York Timtt Co. l'arli, July 13. The Swiss Govern ment has begun an effort to determine the Identity of the author of "J'AccuBe" and "The Crime," with the Intention of ei-nelllnfir him from Switzerland. The books In question are supposed to have" been written ay a Herman democrat condemning his own government for bringing on the war. A member of the Btaff of the Frel Zeltung, a paper pub lished by German democrats in Swit zerland, .and several other Germans have been-arrestett- -v- -- - FOR THE FRITZIES si :aI AAWA-,1Sfv .. S (C) Committee on Public Information, the big gun "foiltler" from the cars "over there" vision to the methods of barbaric armies. Special troops are the very mark of barbaric military systems. In the highly civilized Roman armies one legion was as good as any other legion. Among the .Spat tuns were troops with special privi leges. Moreover, the system t does not really fit the German genius' and ma chine's methods, but It Is an interesting example nf reproducing in the army their political system of privilege Among prisoners recently captured the differences In point of clothes, equip ment and general condition between storm troops and the ordinary line has been very noticeable, nnd observers de- elated that in this difference lies' the seed of certain failure. It Is likely enough that German storm troops will win ground in the first onset, but there will not be enough troops of good nave a unect anil rapui'.v growing et ,n..nin n i,nii n .tc.Ainr. .i,.i. w.ib feet mum the Gentian novver nf offense The s?cond development now about to tinderirn thc lest of real war is the merit of tanks in defensive conflicts. Recent small 'offensives have found these of very great value In attack. The French, with small mosquito tanks, iae been especially useful nnd have found that the.v are mobile machine guns developed to the highest degree of efficiency which have worried the boche terribly. vn wie outer iianu it ucriuun iiiniii -.,,,..,. - - r , lt,unwleld and bar been poorly handled "P the railway connection on which It can mount a field gun but It cannot I'1"' immense German transport from the leave regular roads and can be easily Khlne to the western front depends, held up. Consequently Allied officers are' On this point the evidence of captured confident there Is nothing to be feared documents and the voluntary testimony from it and believe that the Allies, if of prisoners, repatriated civilians etc once moie called upon to fight a de- Is highly Instinctive All go to show ,. l- . i ii.. - i. fenslve battle, will find their small handy that not only Is a gieat and ever-in-tanks the most efficient ptotectlon to in- creasing amount of German energy, fantry. POPE IS SUCCEEDING ! IN DIPLOMATIC AIMS . Establishes Relations With ' China for First Time Again Recognized by Portugal Special Cable to Ei ening Public Ledger Copyright. 1918. by .Yctr l'oifc Tlliirs Co. Koine, July 13. After having re-established dlplomatla relations with Portugal, which had been Interrupted for eight years since the new republic adopted drastic measures against the Catholic episcopacy, the Pope has now succeeded in establishing for the first time diplomatic relations with China. Pope Benedict thus con tinues to give bis pontificate the prevalent political character. Imitating the great master under whom he worked. Pope I.eo XIII. who centered all his ef forts upon having diplomatic relations with all countries wherewith the papacy had had no relations even with non- Catholic ones such as Uussla, for twenty- eight years. The first new Russian minister -was Isvolsky, later the Russian Minister of foreign Affairs and Am bassador to Paris. One of the greatest ambitions of I.eo was to have representatives of Kngland and America sent to the Vatican. Regarding the latter, he thought he had almost succeeded, when William 11, Taft, former governor of the Philippines, was sent here as envoy plenipotentiary to negotiate the question of the Friar lands. Shortly afterward Pope Leo died The present Pope had the satisfaction of seeing Kngland on its own Initiative accredit a minister to the Friar lands. Some personages of the Vatican think this may, set an example for America, while the step taken by China may In duce Japan to do likewise. Fire Destroja Coal Breaker By the Associated Press Jlailrton, i , July 13, Fire pf unde termined origin today destroyed the breaker ot the Harleigh, Brookvvood Coal Company at Harleigh, which was op erated by Maderia & Hill. The loss ls estimated at $300,000 and 300 men have been temporarily thrown out of work. Tht House of Taylor r HOTEL The 600 Roomt 4MBttu t-sBgSgg l -w DISPATCHES BRITISH MAINTAIN SUPREMACY IN AIR Fourteen Successful Raids Into German Territory This Week LOST ONLY TWO PLANES Boehes Fear to Attack Foe on Anywhere Near Equal Footing Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copyright. HIS. bu AV t Vorfc Time Co. London, July 13, Considerable s'gnlficance Is attached by experts, who have been able to fol low closely the records of thc recent fighting In the air, to some aspects of thlp aerial warfare, for thc results have been singularly discouraging from the German pointy of view, and If main tained, cannot fall to react seriously upon their military xplans. During the present week, which It Is expected In well-informed quarters hero In London as well as In Paris, will not close, without a resumption of the German battle effort on the mighty scale promised by Hlndenburg, Allied aerial activity has been steadily con sistent. Ludendorff's preparations for the renewed offensive may very prob ably have been In some measure Im peded, and it Is certain the elements of possible) surprise have been eliminated by the work of the various categories of, air forces For the British airmen the week lias been not especially dramatic, but remarkably successful For example, fourteen separate raids have been made by British airmen into German territory. In each case the objectives chosen have been of vltnl military Importance, such as factories, sidings nnd ralway work shops at Saarbruckcn, the tallway tri angle and Metz Junction at Luxemburg and munition factories at Coblenz. Kven If German pride were not pe culiarly sensitive concerning the rapidly waning Immunity of German 'owns, mll Itnty necessity a'one would demand that objectives like these should be adequately defended against aerial at tack. It Ik known that formldabloJ squadrons have been detailed for this purpose, yet from thirteen to fourteen raids the British formations returned without the loss of a single machine in tne otner rain two i.riiisu macnines were reported missing, while four Ger man aircraft were shot down or driven down out of control. Growing Kffert on German Power Apait ftom the moral effect of these constant attacks upon Germany the fact should not be overlooked that they anil maneuver gainst Ftench sectors of 'ront tne iniueii area neiween aiann- helm and the Swiss frontier ( mtnlns. In addition to Its vast network of strategic railways, a very consldetable number of munition fa'ctorles. These factories have had their full share ot attention from the British raiderr, nut hardlv less serious from the German pilnt of. iqv' s tne uaniage inn'cteii, wun ii fnncdnipn ii in nr.it nn fir wnr irRiiif r 1.V . .. . . trained man-power and war material be ing diverted to the defense of the Rhine towns, but that the interruption of war work caused by the raids Is becoming an Increasingly serious problem for the German authorities Get Bavarian I'rUonerii They encountered little opposition and brought In 150 prisoners and fifteen ma chine guns. The men belonged to the Fourth Bavarians, whose morale did not seem to be of the highest A little while ago they were addressed by Prlpce Franz of Bavaria, who rebuked, them for losing so many prisoners to the British and ordered them to strengthen their defenses. This speech ls said to have only made the men sullen, and when they were ordered into the front line some of the older men refused point- j blank to go, and did not go. j The- Australians, are contemptuous of i their fighting qualities, and theie Is an amusing'Story of an Australian sergeant, who, told oft to attend some classes, pleaded he' was no scholar and asked what he could do Instead, "O," said his officer, "In a casual way, you might go out and bring back a dozen boehes." The sergeant sloped off, and shortly after, to' the astonishment of the officer, brought back eight Germans, whom he had taken with the aid of a chum, lie was let oft trom his lessons. 14,874 BRITISH CASUALTIES List for Week Includes 496 OlTi- cers and 14,378 Men tty the United Press London, July 13. British casualties published In Official lists during the week totaled 14,871. They were divided as follows: Killed Wounded MUslnir Officers ... ' l-" 328 4-' Total. -'.DM 11 811 1..1T4 Of the total casualties. 49b were of ficers and 14.378 enlisted men. STERN FACES INQUIRY French Commission, in England, Probes New Yorker's Work rrl, July 13 (By I. N S.) A French commission has been sent to Kngland. It was learned today to In vestigate th nature o' the operation carried on by Jacob Stern. German American importer, who ls nccused of holding commercial relations with he enemy. Stern was formerly a resident of Xew York city. MARTINIQUE Broadway, ?2d St., New York Ono Block From Pennsylvania Station Equally Convenient for Amusements, Shopping or Business 157 Pleasant Rooms, with Private Bath $2.50 PER DAY 257 Excellent Rooms', with Private Bath, facinr street, southern exposure $3.00 PER DAY Also .Attractive Hooms From $1.50 Restaurant Prices Are Most Moderate FROM WARRtMWMBS M1RBACH SLAYER EXECUTED Lcftcrs Seize Petrograd Arsenal nntl Fight Reds for Hours lly the United Press .Stockholm, July 13. M, Alexandro vltch, one of the nssat'ilns of German Ambassador Mlrbnch. has been executed, according to dispatches received today from Moscow. The other assassin, M. Bloomkln, hati not been captured. It Is reported that Germany will also demand the execution of M. Knmkoff and Mme. Sparldonova, two of the Social Revolutionaries arrested In the Moscow revolt which followed Mirbach's death. Passengers arriving here on a boat from Petrograd brought news of riots In that city. They said that uoveral bun dred soldiers and workmen, led by Lett ers, seized the Paishsky nrscnal and fought thc Red Guards for hours. They were subdued only nfter an artillery bombardment of the arsenal. Cholera In reported to be sweeping Petrograd. 'IMDmKJIRIIT'MIT " VJkJUIAJLilJj "111 -..- . -. wwv wm hVllLrLMf1 A f I II I I IT rllTJLulilVxlll If 11 11 Captain Buys Condemned Tics and Uses Them for Road GOT PERMIT OVERNIGHT 'Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Covvrioht, mie, buXcw York Tlmrs Co. Paris, Julv 13. The French neonle are showing-In- creasing admiration of the 'businesslike M,anw.i,nrlllch,Amerlca.nsare'?an"JnKime"t' which at that time had not been tne work of war here, and scarcely r day i , ,. , ... . . , , . , passes .without significant stories being )eflnlte'y constituted, and that In any published demonstrating how the trans-1 case the Orders were promulgated two atlantlc ally Insists on overcoming often i months before he became Minister of absurd administrative fetters, which ham per rapid progress In this countrj'. The Petit Journal recounts how an American engineer captain 'surprised of ficials of tlie llast Railway Company by accomplishing In live or six hours what they had been assured would Involve a delay of a fortnight. Near Gondrecourt station was a huge collection of railway tics condemned to be cut up f&r flre wo'od Thc Amerlcnn engineer officer cast a. longing eye on these tics for use In the narrow gauge switch road he wished to build close by. On offering to purchase the tics the olllcer was told by the r-illwav man In clinrce that sale was Impossible, as the ties wete condemned for firewood . "Then soil them to me for firewood," ' Kald the American, j N-ot .,,,.1,,, wn8 ,lc rcnIv. T-.n..,iiv tbi nmM,.i v..iai..A,i tb.it tlie only thing to do was to obtain tier mission from the head offices In Paris, which would take at least a fortnight. "When does the first exptess leave for Paris?" atikrd the officer "This evening," was the reply. "Tlinnks," said thc officer. "Good morning." In the morning a gang 'of huky . Americans started loading up ties and kuuiihk '"c"'- 'Here Is the iiernil'." 'In officer told the railroad oIHclaiH. showing a sheet of paper "We shall start our narrow guage . rond tnmot row morning ' sffief i -. ' - . " .. -r- . .. . --.. . r ip I Every Man May Become An Officer What chance has your boy to win a com mission? What competition does he face? What tests must he satisfy? Will he be held back by lack of influence? What is the new system under which officers are being selected from the men now going into camp? All the factors which guide the selection of officers are described in "The Democratic Army" By WILLIAM ATHERTON DU PUY The First of His Series "Behind the Scenes With the War Department" The manner in which 12,000 enlisted men were selected from last summer's draft to officer the next half million the psychological tests to which they were subjected the part played by table manners and other "trifles" the use of employment experts to weed out the unfit the vast system of card records for every man in the army the full scope of the gigantic undertaking designed to crowd fifty years of West Point work into one all are described in this, the first complete story of how 3,000,000 men have been officered, to appear in the PUBLIC tm& LEDGER : TOMORROW W . r r - - 'TOi KERENSRY DENIES TEMPS' CHARGES Says He Has Tried to Con sult All Classes of , French DIDN'T DROP DISCIPLINE Blames Lvoff for Letting Leninc Into Country, in Letter to Paris Paper Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copirlaht. mill. bvXctc York Tlniri Co. Tar!.. Julv 13. """' The Temps prints a long letter from ex-Prcinler Kerensky of Russia, contro verting statements Included In a severe editorial published last Tuesday accus ing Kerensky of Ignoring all French opinion except that of the revolutionary socialists, of being responsible for the abolition of discipline In the Russan army, ot permitting Lenlne to return to Russia and of abandoning Kornlloff. Kerensky asserts that he has been careful to meet representatives of all shades of French opinion. He allege? ' that orders for the abolition of the death penalty In the Russian army were given '' the Petrograd so-vlet, without the knowledge ot the nrovlslonnl rovern- War. Lenlne. he says, returned to Russia .under a general amnesty granted by Prince Lvoff's ministry, which was com posed of ten Moderates and Liberals and one Socialist. He denies the charge of abandoning Kornlloff "for the simple tenson that I was never In the plot wllh him " Commenting on the letter, the Temps repeats that Kerensky made no effort to meet others than Socialists here until he found he was receiving a very cold welcome from that party. "We owe It to the Russian people to tell them the truth," sajs the paper. "We owe It nisi to our Allies, whom Kerensky proposes lo visit shortly. It Is impossible to forget .that thousand's of French soldier nnd thouands of Al lied soldiers have lost their lives because the Ruslsan provisional government showed Jtself unable to meet the sit uation." The Temps suggests that as Lenlne did not return under nn amnesty, since he traveled from Switzerland In a Ger man special train and began Immedi ately to devote himself to defeatist propaganda, it was within the power of Ketensky and his associates to have expelled him. The Journal adds that apparently Kerensky regards Kornlloff as a traitor, and not Lenlne. 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