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tERYCAN INITIATIVE SURPRISES FRENCH SPECIAL CABLE
! vQne Is Political and Rcprc-
,2$ents German Desire of
I f IT
NO REAL PEACE PARTY
wforraer ReicliBtag Member ;
feeilii Classes All Kaiser's Subjects I
Ca6c o Evening Public Ledger
.Jo"' S? .CpviMeht, 1918, by .Veto Tori- Time Co,
(Ft... - rnria. July 13.
"JK!5K.' - MinuenDuru lines, une
pi',iJ,a physical, military front line of the
si&aerman armies. The othr Is political.
'2t!f fcut no less rpnl Tt fmnt H lnMAoa
'iV. Vl h n,Bvl,,,. ...l.ll. , Ml 1 -
o(!t,J,a Miimni mui-u ait vicnnam nope
sa'ntO uet out of the war. It Includes vlr-
$ lually all of continental Kurope nnd
much of AHla and has far-reaching
curves, taking In a blp section of Africa
i1 rtDDe vvetterie sketched such a llnp
KJT totrne today when I asked him to com-
injiuir-neruinK s speecn in me neicns
taK: The abbe, now In Paris, was a
fnefnber of the Reichstag from Alsace for
Sixteen year-r and an associate of Hert
llngv. His comment on developments at
Benin IS always worth while,
SHertlins," he said.
was talklne In-
tefhal politics In his latest utterance,
ItMiad nothing to do with foreign affalr.
The most Interesting thing In It was his
erphasis on the fact that Von Hlntze
.llBd net yet been actually appointed to
succeed Von Kuehlmann as Minister of
Forelirn Affairs, and could not be ap-
pointed till he said so. That was tnerelv
Htrtling's attempt to sae his face with
"Por the same purpose he Insisted In
the .speech that, no matter who was i
Foreign Minister. HertHng would deter-
mln all the International policies of Ger
many. This whole business ls comedy.
and all the groups in the Reichstag un
ofsta,nd It and are content to go through
tbf-'mctlons of the comedy
rTh only way an outsider can under,
stah'd 'Germany Is to get rid of the delu
sion that it Is a political State at all.
.xow, on the contrary, all Germany must
be considered as a military unity and
nothing else. Its whole population, cl-
vlllan as well as military, women as well
as men. must be considered as a fighting '
army, determined to ge,t eerything It
can t.uin the rest of the world.
Xo German Penre Party
"There is no party or group in Ger
.imany committed to peace In the sense
but Twnrp Is n matter of sentiment.
humanity and international Justice. The Special Cable to Eiening Public Ledger
only difference of opinion as to the time Comrioht. 1018. bu .Vete Voifc rimes To.
,for ending the war concerns the qucs- Thp Hague, July 13 The Weser
tlon. when cin It be ended with Ger- i Zeltung declares that the Bethlehem
'many making the maximum gain. Steel Company. In suing the I'unarC
"On the main point of getting the Company for compensation, stated that
most they can out of the warjvll German i there were unfilled bomb cases on board
' ;'; - -k.0i,,(.iv unitml !n it Is i the l.usitanla and that this appeared in
parties' are absolutely united, ho it is shlnplng Gazette Weekly In June,
necessary to think of all Germans ns,191f, Tne liap,r .its Germans paid
brigands, and ronslder ther acts and i ji.nuO.OUO to I'ncle Sain, after being
words In the Tlelehstae and elsewhere warned bv Count von Uernstorff
not" In terms of normal statecraft, but
'In terms ofphysleal aggression, and to
.ii ,u..t "iii.. t- , .., , .iii,.n-.
"LT...,". y"""1" '" '""'"' ""-
"For example the German people have
four lines of operation
"The first is their Hlndenburg line, not
the actual line of the troop positions.
but the line including th uttermost pan
Oermah dreams It means, retaining
Belgium, northeastern France, Alsace
Lorraine, great sections of Russia and
the Balkans, the Bagdad project, and
colonial, development in both hemis
pheres. Cobody in Germany wants
anything less than that.
-'Kallmann lolltlenI T.Ine
"Some people In Germany still think
they will get all this. But. being driven
In from that figurative Hlndenburg line
the Germans have their second, or so
called Naumann line That is the Mlt
teleuropa Idea, only a little less ex
travagant than the first line project
Many Germans are more hopeful of
achieving the Xatimann plan than the
all-inclusive Pan-German scheme.
"Retreating from the second or M't
teleuropa line. thy are prepared to drop
back to the Schledemann-Krzberger line
and quit the war without annexat'oue
is, Still further back, but within the Ger
man calculations for the future, is th
minority Internationalist, or the liaaze
"Tht point for the. Allies to remember
1 that there ls no political disagreement
in Oermany as to the relative merits of
these four lines. All would prefer to i
finish the war on the extreme Illnden-
Jmrg-Pan-German line Xo German
would take less as a matter of justict
only as a matter of compulsion.''
LUXEMBOURG WOULD '
END GERMAN SWAY
People Want to Cut Loose,
From Kaiser6 Influence.
Plan Universal Suffrage
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger ,
Copyright, JJiS, by .Veto Vorfc Ttmra Co.
Parli., July 13. son's plan for a league of nations.
In spite of the German violation of her i French statesmen today suggeoted a So
neutrallty and regardless of the many clet for Allied -Vations.
a - arrMli nf ha. ll.... . .
r ' " '"-' -.. lur expressing
2 Ji - sympathy for the Allies, the Duchy of
,,vfr j.uxemoourg is now openly taking a keen
Interest In the comtnir nnritnm.ni.,v
eleCtlOtIS hpPniltta flf tl,alt nnIMn l......
...a w.. ..... v. ..), fjicia anci me war
K?a. Thei next T.tiYemhni.rt. nn.ll.m.n. ....
(JfK ( organize on September It, Ulectlon of
? r its ntty-three memberu will nivnr ,.rr.h-
v!- ably next month. Candidate,, u-m v.
, J- toted for or against according to their
Bi " i attltude'toward the proposed new constl-
rtl' " f.atlAn
The two essential provisions cf the
constitution, or new organic law of the
'.ITdUchv. Which the Llherat p!pmiit r Ha.
&X,r' termlned to have, are universal suffrage
Sjapanc tne placing or tne treaty-making
j, power In the hands or the people s repre
., Ven(atlvei. As It la now. the suffrage Is
& limited to property taxpayers. That
f" qualification ls to be done' away with.
Kr ; Still more Important, from the Interna-
';, tionai viewpoint, is tne plan to give
," treaty-ratifying power to the parlla-
".' wnt t
jk'v' Sv-' present the Grand Duchess has
Si' , ' H rornntte novver to make treaties without
''-.'iany restraint whatever She Is pro-Ger-
r. '.man by sympathy and blood, and Luxem.
K"'''urftinas uffered In commercial and In
W -"'!i'!ulrlal relations with other States be-
i "-u of Its ruler's German affiliations
Pl WHUnitllP. . .C V-...V M ...C ,VVC
tk.ta b In a nosltlon after the war to
!? '"$liiVl0ee frorn. Germany, which has
pry. imposea upon ner ne oaa eno o
File Dargains. ana la oecome a close
U. S. Troops in France
Are Nightmare for Germany
Special Cable to Evening Public
Copyright, IBIS, by.Yrie York Timtn Co.
Home July 13.
"The constant pourltiR In of
Amcrtcnn troops on the western
front Is a nightmare for Germany,"
says the Trlbuna's special corres
pondent on the French front. In u
description of "wonderful Ameri
can achievements." He adds:
What America Is doing scorns
supernatural. It H offering us a
part of herself, sending to Kurope
her best of every thing of men,
material and brains. Her younp.
darlns population Is the gieatest
help the Allies could have In the
present Juncture " I
GERMANS CAN'T SPARE
TROOPS FOR AUSTRIA
Emperor Charles Therefore
Declined to Accept Von
Below as Generalissimo
c. , Li f - i, i f i ,
Special Cable to r.veninc Public l.tdser
Copyright. IMS, Ij.Vrio York Timrt Co.
Honip, July 13
The report that General r,n Below
has been appointed commander-ln-hlef
of the Austrian forces Is now denied
riic truth seems to be that after the dis-
aster on the I'lae stern German re-
proaches uere poured on Vienna Kni-
peror Charles then proposed that Ger-
nians Miould assume the direction of the
new offensive against Italy on condi-
Hon that they would send also more
material help in the shape of twelve Ger-
man dlWsions. Thus helped Austria, it
was hoped, would be sure to wipe out the
Ignominy of the former failure.
These proposals were accepted at Ber-
in. but lately, for unknown reasons,
Uudendorff declared he could not spare
twelve divisions for the Italian front.
whereupon Austria replied that she Is
willing to accept a German general
backed b German troops, hut refuses to
accept a general without troops
People are speculating here whether
Germany fears complications In Uussla.
or whether she Is unwilling to rl-k the
demoralization of her troops bv contact
wth the Austrian, or whether she Is
petting uneasy at the advent of such
iarRe numbers of American troops in
CHARGES BLACKMAIL BY U. S.
Wescr Zeitini" Sav Canard Line i
Is Sued Despite Indemnity
"This discoer.v bv the Amei leans is
not new as it appeared
In tne Shlp-
ninjr Gazette in ilU'i.
,apen ,.hm haxlnr t.racted an indent.
nlty from Germany the merlcnns an-
now trvlng to blackmail the Cunard
Line This Is not nnmp American
smartness fir has Hip mone.v not gon
to the r Ehtful owners? Has Hi Gerard.
the spe( al friend of our fortlgn nfllce I
rorrntten lo Hand over tne monej '
"It Is all the samp to us. But t'.ie de
plorable fact remains that we compen
sated the Americans vvlion there was no
reason for romp- ns.iri.in which the foi
elgn office would have knon n had Ir.ey
taken time to rend the Shipping Ga
zette the Americans are Bible scholars
and one could answer vv lfa the Bible
quotation about venturing into danger"
U-BOAT CAPTURES SHIP
Crew Set Adrift Off Cape Racclelp of the Allies and to assist them in
Pirk-eii I"n nt Sea every wav to restore the eastern fiont
i K.M.G l j) at 3i a i ,,,, , (ir-vp the Uerrnans out of Kuma ,
All Atlantic l'ort. July 13. A Ger-' it will point to the necessltj of pro
man submarine, appearing 300 miles claiming npenlj such a peate as its only
off Cape Race on July ti. captured the a. in for a continuation of the war '
Norwegian bark .Manx King, and 1'uctor Gavronskv dur m.t ii.ini. n,.
ordcted the crew of nineteen to take (
1 survivors v 'ere ", "hV rT'nn !
.... ..... , , '
board a British steamship which I
picked them up at sea The sutv Ivors I
said they did not know what became
of the bark, whether she was sunk or
converted Into a raider by the Ger
mans. The Manx King, a vessel of 1729
gross tons, left a United States At,
lantlc port ubout two weeks ago. She
Is the first craft which has been re
ported as encountering a U-boat so
far north In the Atlantic.
SOCIETY OF ALLIES
SOUGHT BY FRENCH
Want Solid Organization of
Entente Nations to Oppose
Pari.. July 13 (Ry I N. S ) While
entirely In accord with President Wll-
Gaston Doumergue, former president
of the ministerial council, In discussing
the scheme, said.
"Our enemies have already conrtltuted
a Mitteleuropa,' which In effect, is a
veritable league of nations. In respect to
both offensive and economic matters, it
Is sufficiently powerful to survive the
war Although composed of only four
States, It comprises almost half of
Lurope and is capable of presenting a
solid and united minority at the peace
conference table It Is a real and terrible
Former Minister of Justice Blenvenu
Martin expressed the opinion that such
a society Is feasible and would do away
with some of the former diplomatic er
rors. "But we must not lose sight of our
strength in prosecuting the war in the
course of the formation of Buch an or
ganization." M, Martin said.
Marcel Cachin. a Socialist member of
the Chamber of Deputies, declared that
It Is the first duty of the Allies to unite
diplomatically In one solid block, so
that the Allied group of nations would
be represented as a permanent diploma
tic council In peace times. Just the same
as they are now represented In a mili
tary sense at Versailles.
"It must be admitted that, despite our
relationship, the Powers are not unit
ed," added M. Cachin. "We have not
understood one another thoroughly and
nave not even stuaita together th
questions ot peace-
Dr. Gavronsky, Arriving at
Stockholm, Tells of Mos
ALLIES MUST AID RUSSIA
Red Loaders Base Their
Strength on Foreign Sup
port, He Says
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Copyright. 1918. by .Vrtc l'orfc Ttme.i Co.
Stockholm, July 1.1.
Hi Dmltil Gavronsky, a member of
the Russian constituent assembly, ar
rived In Stockholm Thursday, having
been bent as the delegate of the So
cial Revolutionary party to tnke part
In the coming International Socialist
conference. Jle arrived direct from
Moscow and hud many interesting
things to tell.
He says that opposition to the Hoi-
shelki is growing rapidly among the
wiiwrin turn iiviiMiiun, uui null mti
. . . . .
Holshevlki base their power chiefly on
rorelgn huppott In -Moscow they
have at their disjiosal 16,000 well
armed Lettish soldiers, some detach
me'nts of Finnish Red Guards and a
battalion of Chinese troops. The lat
ter nre alvvnjs used for executions.
The Uolsheviki are also supported
h.v German war prisoners nnd the
union between the Geimans and the
Uolsheviki at the pieeut moment Is
very strong In case of necessity,
even stronger foi ces will be put by
the German Government nt the dis
posal of the Holshevlkl. Therefore, It
Is not possible for the Russian democ
racy unaided to oerthrov tile Bob
shevlki. but the Social Revolutionary
part looks to Intervention by the
Allies as the unavoidable result of the
pievalllng situation when Russia
every day is sinking more and moie
under the German yoke. , Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
ItnNhrv Ikl rnmplacent ' Copurioht. linn, by .Vri( Yotk Timrt Co.
Iioctor Gavronsk.v declares that the London, July 13.
IiolsheMkl who pretended to have slgmd It Is pointed out 'o .vour correspondent
the peace r Brest only under protest, that thp ronet.ti Get man push, which
now- do ever.vthlng the Germans dictate . ... , ,, ,,ni
wlthou anv protest The complete dis- Im W " 1,rP"' "l a,,J momeni
ruptlon of Russia Is taken by them in now. will put to a severe and Intcrcst
a matter-of-fact vva Her most fertile i in tst no Ininnrtant tactical develop-
terrliorlep ate taken from her nnd the
'""" unspeawanie tortures are infllc'ed ,
on tne peasants ot tne L kralne. as well '
fnnerf'v'rtf Pustr ,nlerfcrenc'? !"
uinei atia rs or i.uswia.
The situation now prealling in the
be declares, can be best com-
pared with that
of BelElum. Xo: onlvl
!1,rtUlerv-1,U',r ,U,"r I'T ""J'1. except. unV gooT aiid theW was no
artlllcr.v and av-vhyMatlng gases, but , ' ,nl ,10 regular line lmt
clemocratlc order and civil liberties have tallons ere eual to an.v work icmlred
been llterallv rooted out
N hat under these conditions." Dr,
Gavronsky asks, lias the Ru-vlan revo-
nAuwn, dfmocr,ao'' w lch- Un"ke ,1,e'
im.,pH,i . "i t- n f (,ermanl
thrii'hr.'itii aSr,ee,m'nt with
the BolFhevlkl Is possible when their one i
aim s to preserve the novver of their1.
look fearlessl.v to the Indlspsnsi.ble help
of the Allies
u. J f .i i . . V u'inocla ' ueply per-
suaded that this help will not undertake
Interference In thc lnnei affali.s of Rus.
-sia. but ineiely strive to facnltae the
Russian people's emancipation trom the
German thrall. As the Germans, at the
'. ,7, . """" oring a testoratlon
in poiiiicai anci social u actions, o the
Allied demoLracles must help Russia to
lestore complete lie national and lu
rilotlal integrity and preserve the con
quest of the .March revolution
Pence Alm Like Allies
i ue nociai tievoiutlonarj paitv
demands a general peace without aim
iiuiine aeierm ned tn anwm n,u
nf ei tin downfall of the BoKheviki the
:,V'"' "t to '"" .th.l "".'-
-.... ..... iu .-.c.ai ui me i eac-
tiouanes who are .ilisnlntou ,.r.,.i
Ml attempts to organize monarchist on-
spiracles at .Moscow, he says, have been
nartv I.. tt. i.,.t i.i,..' v. ...",.. '"" "' ""-- - -" ; ;'
i ' i i ...". kuuuuvi ii is uniy ii ,ice(l one of the i easons or tne uerman
shadow -of power That Is why the uoclal Iaime befote Verdun was that the boche
revoluiloiiar party and the laige mass tfantrv was not good enough to reap
or tne i-.usian revo ut onarv ilpmnnm...- ..- ....... ... .u
failures Thp name of Grand Duke Ml- celebration, the Cologne Zeltung pub
chael he declared, has no authority and lishes an attack on President Wilson In
still less policy That Is especially true, reference to speeches at Washington's
in- saj., nere me v oiga anu hioerla
'Immediately Bolshevik! are thrown
dew n the National Asseinbl.v muf t be
.onvoked. he said, "which will 'fe(e
tlie power in the hands of a cabinet
formed with the assistance of representa
tives of local government bodies in the
towns and villages Then the re-election
of a constituent assembly will be or
TRIBUTE TO FRANCE RECALLED,
i l'almvra Man Wrote Son Cliil -
tlren of U. S. Sanp on York'
Oh welcome. Fiance, whose wondrous
Still brighter glows with each new
af'e; , , j,
Whose Lafavette helped wtite the stcry
That 'i!f,ced our nme on hlstory s
With grateful tnemoi.v enshrining
Vour friendly deeds of jears gone
We pledge not one shall ever die,
Until our nation falls, declining
March on' March on' for you we pray:
Long live our sister. France!
The bond of sympathy between the I takes up Jefferson s nag, vynicn vviison
L'nited States and France was evidenced ' hns neglected, and fights for the free
in a great public demonstration thirty- dom of the seas and the oppressed na-se-ven
years ago. when the school chil- tinn America must Kive up her role of
dren of the L'nited States sang the
above a composition of Charles W Al-1 d mu3, ceie ths role to Germany, for
exander. of Palmyra. N J., during the f. " ' ' ...nt nnlv consider this en
celebration of the one hundredth anni- .Germany will ,0"'yr.ncr0.n'mde,d s,..u"
versary of the Battle of Yorktown. I forced war satisfactorily ended when
October 18. 1881. The celebration of i she has freed the world from Anglo
liastlle Day In this city today recalled ; Saxon oppression, when she has opened
to Mr. Alerander this demonstration in , tlie seas for the whole world, and given
honor of the sister republic freedom to the British vassals state.
to tne air or ine -iiarseiiaise, the song
the hall. A slr.nal flashed over tin
country started all school children sing
ing It at once It was sung In both
Knglish and French In the schools.
YANKEES BREAK GERMAN RAID
Enemy Sustains More Losses jn
Washington, July 13 An attempted
German raid against American positions
In the Chateau-Thierry region broke
down with lcssea under pur fire. General
Pershing reports In IiIb communique of
July 12. made public by the War De
American aviators In action against
hostile planes succeeded in shooting
down an enemy machine In 'the region
of Thlaucourt the 'communique adds.
' Jn.iiJ-V.V.V.,, .,A-Awi.-Vs
Small cranes are cmploetl hi lift
GERMANS LACK CRACK, TROOPS
TO HOLD GAINS IN A NEW DRIVE
Big Offensie. Due Any Moment, Will Test Enemy's Theory
of Use of Infantry Value of
Tanks at Stake
ments of the war
,..,., of tm,S(. , thc 11P. German
tn of t,,p propcr u(v. of mfantry. At
he beginning of ?he war their idea was
,., .,,. ,,,,. ,,nit vm of enual
. t. . ,,ii,i,t ,,Pn like
..... i..L '( ,!-i.hor.r. nf .nurse
- L... .-.i... ..- i.... i,- ...,., m.K-
; of them
rrl.A.. r. a V. . ittr.,.l.livrii- .f ti 1 rift.
,eioped. nnd especially the number and
weight of guns. Infnntr begun to lose
standing The German high command
seemed to regard it a little more than
,, paM, , lo cuns. and It undoubtedly
. i.. u.0 ,.r l.u tu..i.i..v In.
It waB evident in the Sonime battles
that the German Infantrj wus not equal,
ma to man, to the British and French,
ami tlie high command bfgan to realize
tnat anel. all fiBhts could not be won
without inf.intrv . and that something
must bo done to improve the moiale of
their force To do this they devise a sys-
tem of special stoini troop
.Now this, curiously enough, is a re-
GERMAN CLAIMS U. S.
ROLE OF LIBERATOR
Cologne Zeitung Says Wilson
Has Abandoned Fight for
" Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Copyright. 151 bu .Wie York Timr? Co.
The Hague, July 13.
Commenting on the Fourth of July
, K Tf , ,,,, ...hB inland
i tomb. It declares that
of today is the Rngland of long ago,
only Wilson does not recognize it,
otherwise he would not have defiled
Washington's grave with his speech at
Mount Vernon " It also asserts that
Piesident Wilson has not moved a
finger to force Kngland to his program,
has not helped the Irish nor the Indians,
and "as long as they are not imprison-
- 1 or haneei h '"'' "
iwith the domestic affairs ot other na-
"America, like Kngland,' It continues,
...,,. mile much so that her nast hls-
tory will be forgotten The Declaiatlon
of Independence could not be written
' today for a country that permitted the
I Indian War, and the cruelties of the
, n d ,,as tne annexatlon of
i Texas New Mexico. Arizona, the
Philippines, and even the Panama Canal
Zone on its conscience The only wonder
is that two countries with such a bloody
past and present can still make the rest
ot trie world listen to their speeches."
I It goes on to say that America Is now
ashamed of the Declaration of In.
dependence, but that Germany bravely
..-nrtil. freer under Wilson's leadership
Then a glorious Fourth will have come
PRUSSIA COERCING SWISS
Government Trying to Expel
Author of Anti-German Books
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Copyright, Ills, by fftw York Timtt Co.
l'arli, July 13. The Swiss Govern
ment has begun an effort to determine
the Identity of the author of "J'AccuBe"
and "The Crime," with the Intention of
ei-nelllnfir him from Switzerland. The
books In question are supposed to have"
been written ay a Herman democrat
condemning his own government for
bringing on the war. A member of the
Btaff of the Frel Zeltung, a paper pub
lished by German democrats in Swit
zerland, .and several other Germans have
been-arrestett- -v- -- -
FOR THE FRITZIES
AAWA-,1Sfv .. S
(C) Committee on Public Information,
the big gun "foiltler" from the
cars "over there"
vision to the methods of barbaric armies.
Special troops are the very mark of
barbaric military systems. In the highly
civilized Roman armies one legion was
as good as any other legion. Among the
.Spat tuns were troops with special privi
leges. Moreover, the system t does not
really fit the German genius' and ma
chine's methods, but It Is an interesting
example nf reproducing in the army
their political system of privilege
Among prisoners recently captured the
differences In point of clothes, equip
ment and general condition between
storm troops and the ordinary line has
been very noticeable, nnd observers de-
elated that in this difference lies' the
seed of certain failure. It Is likely
enough that German storm troops will
win ground in the first onset, but there
will not be enough troops of good nave a unect anil rapui'.v growing et
,n..nin n i,nii n .tc.Ainr. .i,.i. w.ib feet mum the Gentian novver nf offense
The s?cond development now about to
tinderirn thc lest of real war is the merit
of tanks in defensive conflicts. Recent
small 'offensives have found these of
very great value In attack. The French,
with small mosquito tanks, iae been
especially useful nnd have found that
the.v are mobile machine guns developed
to the highest degree of efficiency which
have worried the boche terribly.
vn wie outer iianu it ucriuun iiiniii -.,,,..,. - - r ,
lt,unwleld and bar been poorly handled "P the railway connection on which
It can mount a field gun but It cannot I'1"' immense German transport from the
leave regular roads and can be easily Khlne to the western front depends,
held up. Consequently Allied officers are' On this point the evidence of captured
confident there Is nothing to be feared documents and the voluntary testimony
from it and believe that the Allies, if of prisoners, repatriated civilians etc
once moie called upon to fight a de- Is highly Instinctive All go to show
,. l- . i ii.. - i.
fenslve battle, will find their small handy that not only Is a gieat and ever-in-tanks
the most efficient ptotectlon to in- creasing amount of German energy,
POPE IS SUCCEEDING
! IN DIPLOMATIC AIMS
. Establishes Relations With
' China for First Time Again
Recognized by Portugal
Special Cable to Ei ening Public Ledger
Copyright. 1918. by .Yctr l'oifc Tlliirs Co.
Koine, July 13.
After having re-established dlplomatla
relations with Portugal, which had been
Interrupted for eight years since the
new republic adopted drastic measures
against the Catholic episcopacy, the
Pope has now succeeded in establishing
for the first time diplomatic relations
with China. Pope Benedict thus con
tinues to give bis pontificate the
prevalent political character. Imitating
the great master under whom he worked.
Pope I.eo XIII. who centered all his ef
forts upon having diplomatic relations
with all countries wherewith the papacy
had had no relations even with non-
Catholic ones such as Uussla, for twenty-
eight years. The first new Russian
minister -was Isvolsky, later the Russian
Minister of foreign Affairs and Am
bassador to Paris.
One of the greatest ambitions of I.eo
was to have representatives of Kngland
and America sent to the Vatican.
Regarding the latter, he thought he had
almost succeeded, when William 11,
Taft, former governor of the Philippines,
was sent here as envoy plenipotentiary
to negotiate the question of the Friar
lands. Shortly afterward Pope Leo died
The present Pope had the satisfaction
of seeing Kngland on its own Initiative
accredit a minister to the Friar lands.
Some personages of the Vatican think
this may, set an example for America,
while the step taken by China may In
duce Japan to do likewise.
Fire Destroja Coal Breaker
By the Associated Press
Jlailrton, i , July 13, Fire pf unde
termined origin today destroyed the
breaker ot the Harleigh, Brookvvood Coal
Company at Harleigh, which was op
erated by Maderia & Hill. The loss ls
estimated at $300,000 and 300 men have
been temporarily thrown out of work.
SUPREMACY IN AIR
Fourteen Successful Raids
Into German Territory
LOST ONLY TWO PLANES
Boehes Fear to Attack Foe on
Anywhere Near Equal
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Copyright. HIS. bu AV t Vorfc Time Co.
London, July 13,
Considerable s'gnlficance Is attached
by experts, who have been able to fol
low closely the records of thc recent
fighting In the air, to some aspects of
thlp aerial warfare, for thc results have
been singularly discouraging from the
German pointy of view, and If main
tained, cannot fall to react seriously
upon their military xplans.
During the present week, which It
Is expected In well-informed quarters
hero In London as well as In Paris,
will not close, without a resumption of
the German battle effort on the mighty
scale promised by Hlndenburg, Allied
aerial activity has been steadily con
sistent. Ludendorff's preparations for
the renewed offensive may very prob
ably have been In some measure Im
peded, and it Is certain the elements of
possible) surprise have been eliminated
by the work of the various categories of,
For the British airmen the week
lias been not especially dramatic, but
remarkably successful For example,
fourteen separate raids have been made
by British airmen into German territory.
In each case the objectives chosen have
been of vltnl military Importance, such
as factories, sidings nnd ralway work
shops at Saarbruckcn, the tallway tri
angle and Metz Junction at Luxemburg
and munition factories at Coblenz.
Kven If German pride were not pe
culiarly sensitive concerning the rapidly
waning Immunity of German 'owns, mll
Itnty necessity a'one would demand
that objectives like these should be
adequately defended against aerial at
tack. It Ik
known that formldabloJ
squadrons have been detailed for this
purpose, yet from thirteen to fourteen
raids the British formations returned
without the loss of a single machine
in tne otner rain two i.riiisu macnines
were reported missing, while four Ger
man aircraft were shot down or driven
down out of control.
Growing Kffert on German Power
Apait ftom the moral effect of these
constant attacks upon Germany the
fact should not be overlooked that they
anil maneuver gainst Ftench sectors of
'ront tne iniueii area neiween aiann-
helm and the Swiss frontier ( mtnlns. In
addition to Its vast network of strategic
railways, a very consldetable number of
munition fa'ctorles. These factories
have had their full share ot attention
from the British raiderr, nut hardlv
less serious from the German pilnt of.
iqv' s tne uaniage inn'cteii, wun ii
fnncdnipn ii in nr.it nn fir wnr irRiiif
r 1.V . .. . .
trained man-power and war material be
ing diverted to the defense of the Rhine
towns, but that the interruption of war
work caused by the raids Is becoming
an Increasingly serious problem for the
Get Bavarian I'rUonerii
They encountered little opposition and
brought In 150 prisoners and fifteen ma
chine guns. The men belonged to the
Fourth Bavarians, whose morale did
not seem to be of the highest A little
while ago they were addressed by
Prlpce Franz of Bavaria, who rebuked,
them for losing so many prisoners to the
British and ordered them to strengthen
their defenses. This speech ls said to
have only made the men sullen, and
when they were ordered into the front
line some of the older men refused point- j
blank to go, and did not go. j
The- Australians, are contemptuous of i
their fighting qualities, and theie Is an
amusing'Story of an Australian sergeant,
who, told oft to attend some classes,
pleaded he' was no scholar and asked
what he could do Instead,
"O," said his officer, "In a casual
way, you might go out and bring back
a dozen boehes."
The sergeant sloped off, and shortly
after, to' the astonishment of the officer,
brought back eight Germans, whom he
had taken with the aid of a chum, lie
was let oft trom his lessons.
14,874 BRITISH CASUALTIES
List for Week Includes 496 OlTi-
cers and 14,378 Men
tty the United Press
London, July 13. British casualties
published In Official lists during the week
totaled 14,871. They were divided as
Killed Wounded MUslnir
Officers ... ' l-" 328 4-'
Total. -'.DM 11 811 1..1T4
Of the total casualties. 49b were of
ficers and 14.378 enlisted men.
STERN FACES INQUIRY
French Commission, in England,
Probes New Yorker's Work
rrl, July 13 (By I. N S.) A
French commission has been sent to
Kngland. It was learned today to In
vestigate th nature o' the operation
carried on by Jacob Stern. German
American importer, who ls nccused of
holding commercial relations with he
Stern was formerly a resident of Xew
Broadway, ?2d St., New York
Ono Block From Pennsylvania Station
Equally Convenient for Amusements,
Shopping or Business
157 Pleasant Rooms, with Private Bath
$2.50 PER DAY
257 Excellent Rooms', with Private
Bath, facinr street, southern exposure
$3.00 PER DAY
Also .Attractive Hooms From $1.50
Restaurant Prices Are Most Moderate
M1RBACH SLAYER EXECUTED
Lcftcrs Seize Petrograd Arsenal
nntl Fight Reds for Hours
lly the United Press
.Stockholm, July 13. M, Alexandro
vltch, one of the nssat'ilns of German
Ambassador Mlrbnch. has been executed,
according to dispatches received today
from Moscow. The other assassin, M.
Bloomkln, hati not been captured.
It Is reported that Germany will also
demand the execution of M. Knmkoff
and Mme. Sparldonova, two of the Social
Revolutionaries arrested In the Moscow
revolt which followed Mirbach's death.
Passengers arriving here on a boat
from Petrograd brought news of riots
In that city. They said that uoveral bun
dred soldiers and workmen, led by Lett
ers, seized the Paishsky nrscnal and
fought thc Red Guards for hours. They
were subdued only nfter an artillery
bombardment of the arsenal.
Cholera In reported to be sweeping
" VJkJUIAJLilJj "111
-..- . -. wwv wm
hVllLrLMf1 A f I II I I IT
rllTJLulilVxlll If 11 11
Captain Buys Condemned
Tics and Uses Them for
GOT PERMIT OVERNIGHT
'Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Covvrioht, mie, buXcw York Tlmrs Co.
Paris, Julv 13.
The French neonle are showing-In-
creasing admiration of the 'businesslike
M,anw.i,nrlllch,Amerlca.nsare'?an"JnKime"t' which at that time had not been
tne work of war here, and scarcely r day i , ,. , ... . . , , . ,
passes .without significant stories being )eflnlte'y constituted, and that In any
published demonstrating how the trans-1 case the Orders were promulgated two
atlantlc ally Insists on overcoming often i months before he became Minister of
absurd administrative fetters, which ham
per rapid progress In this countrj'.
The Petit Journal recounts how an
American engineer captain 'surprised of
ficials of tlie llast Railway Company by
accomplishing In live or six hours what
they had been assured would Involve a
delay of a fortnight. Near Gondrecourt
station was a huge collection of railway
tics condemned to be cut up f&r flre
wo'od Thc Amerlcnn engineer officer
cast a. longing eye on these tics for use
In the narrow gauge switch road he
wished to build close by.
On offering to purchase the tics the
olllcer was told by the r-illwav man In
clinrce that sale was Impossible, as the
ties wete condemned for firewood
. "Then soil them to me for firewood,"
' Kald the American,
j N-ot .,,,.1,,, wn8 ,lc rcnIv.
T-.n..,iiv tbi nmM,.i v..iai..A,i tb.it
tlie only thing to do was to obtain tier
mission from the head offices In Paris,
which would take at least a fortnight.
"When does the first exptess leave
for Paris?" atikrd the officer
"This evening," was the reply.
"Tlinnks," said thc officer. "Good
In the morning a gang 'of huky
. Americans started loading up ties and
'Here Is the iiernil'." 'In officer told
the railroad oIHclaiH. showing a sheet of
paper "We shall start our narrow guage
. rond tnmot row morning
' - . " .. -r- . .. . --.. . r
Every Man May
Become An Officer
What chance has your boy to win a com
mission? What competition does he face?
What tests must he satisfy? Will he be held
back by lack of influence? What is the new
system under which officers are being selected
from the men now going into camp?
All the factors which guide the selection of
officers are described in
WILLIAM ATHERTON DU PUY
The First of His Series
"Behind the Scenes With the
The manner in which 12,000 enlisted men were
selected from last summer's draft to officer the next
half million the psychological tests to which they
were subjected the part played by table manners
and other "trifles" the use of employment experts
to weed out the unfit the vast system of card
records for every man in the army the full scope of
the gigantic undertaking designed to crowd fifty
years of West Point work into one all are described
in this, the first complete story of how 3,000,000 men
have been officered, to appear in the
PUBLIC tm& LEDGER :
W . r r - -
Says He Has Tried to Con
sult All Classes of ,
DIDN'T DROP DISCIPLINE
Blames Lvoff for Letting
Leninc Into Country, in
Letter to Paris Paper
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Copirlaht. mill. bvXctc York Tlniri Co.
Tar!.. Julv 13. """'
The Temps prints a long letter from
ex-Prcinler Kerensky of Russia, contro
verting statements Included In a severe
editorial published last Tuesday accus
ing Kerensky of Ignoring all French
opinion except that of the revolutionary
socialists, of being responsible for the
abolition of discipline In the Russan
army, ot permitting Lenlne to return
to Russia and of abandoning Kornlloff.
Kerensky asserts that he has been
careful to meet representatives of all
shades of French opinion. He allege? '
that orders for the abolition of the death
penalty In the Russian army were given
'' the Petrograd so-vlet, without the
knowledge ot the nrovlslonnl rovern-
Lenlne. he says, returned to Russia
.under a general amnesty granted by
Prince Lvoff's ministry, which was com
posed of ten Moderates and Liberals
and one Socialist. He denies the charge
of abandoning Kornlloff "for the simple
tenson that I was never In the plot
wllh him "
Commenting on the letter, the Temps
repeats that Kerensky made no effort
to meet others than Socialists here until
he found he was receiving a very cold
welcome from that party.
"We owe It to the Russian people to
tell them the truth," sajs the paper.
"We owe It nisi to our Allies, whom
Kerensky proposes lo visit shortly. It
Is impossible to forget .that thousand's
of French soldier nnd thouands of Al
lied soldiers have lost their lives because
the Ruslsan provisional government
showed Jtself unable to meet the sit
uation." The Temps suggests that as Lenlne
did not return under nn amnesty, since
he traveled from Switzerland In a Ger
man special train and began Immedi
ately to devote himself to defeatist
propaganda, it was within the power
of Ketensky and his associates to have
expelled him. The Journal adds that
apparently Kerensky regards Kornlloff
as a traitor, and not Lenlne.
.I'J-b- .x. ,
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