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w - ? ;i - . "8 A- w 'Nl m ntnn ? t.V-SW'J lj . t ,x t.1, " ' ... v t. :-"V ,pj ' 'J rt-W l fV? i ii ' K"v" wmfiii w nmuruvji no mucn cnange in temperature; southeast wind). TEMTKRATDRR AT KACrt RflCIl EXT&A . 11 and r I t-i iiojii u 2 i a 1 1 i 171 J 72 174 177 j 79 I BO I 81 ) I " THE EVENING TELEGRAPH t V VOL. IV. NO. 269 Published Dally Exeent Sunday. Rubacrlntlon Price: 10 a Tear by Mall. PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, JULY 26, 1918 Entered aa Seronil-Clnaa Matter at th Poatofflce at Philadelphia, Pa. Under the Act of Jlnrih s, 1870. PRICE TWO CB1 Copyright, 1918, by the Public Ledger Company. MS &:"K...rW'fW W I v-a-M 'WflT UMiiv muun r ,i . U. S. DEMANDS ; WORLD MART OPEN TO ALL Small Nations Must Have , Commercial Freedom, Diplomats Are Told HURLEY OUTLINES AFTER-WAR POLICY South American Visitors to !Hog Island Learn America's Benevolent Aims FLEETS FOR HUMANITY Vessel's Used for Transporting Troops Will Become Trade Carriers in Peace America demands commercial as well as political freedom for small nations. To this end It will continue Its struggle for worldwide democracy even after German militarism has been crushed, and the after-the-war trade competition begins. . This message of Edward N. Hurley, chairman of the United States ship ping board, was given to Latin American diplomats who came here today from Washington to Inspect the Hog Island shipyard. America's gigantic merchant fleet is to bring after-the-war prosperity to all he nations of the Western Hemisphere, as well as to this coun try, Mr. Hurle ytold the diplomats, wlio represented various South Ameri can countries. Pan-American Itond of Ships "You may send back to your peoples," said MiJiurley, "tho word that when the war Is won, as It must be, if this hemisphere is to be freed from the constant menace of militar ism, the ships that have served their jnllltarj'purpose will play a large part in bringing the neighboring nations ctoser together. They will cement the bonds of comradeship by reducing the delays in making personal and com mercial contact. "President Wilson has demon strated to the world that the people of the United States nro not ngr-tjng for the permanency of their own liber ties alone, but for the liberties of clvill- I cation everywheic. " 'The unselfish purposo of tKls coun- I"- try ,ln the preseritwar is recognized, I think, by the peoples of the nations you represent. The United States, mobilizing all Us strength against the German Government, is lighting for Its own. protection and for your pro tection. Even Germany recognizes the fact that the United States has no de sire to extend its own dominion. America Blocks World Conquest "America . stands squarely In the path of world conquerors. The world's 1 greatest shipyard, established 'here, waa part ofpur answer to the chal lenge of the German Government, which set- out to sink our ships and our cargoes, and American citizens traveling the ocean highway. It waa Intended primarily to serve civiliza tion In the great war emergency, but It will serve civilization as well in the ndurlng peace that will be borne out of the, victory of the Allies and America. "It has been -laid down as a rule of conduct at home during the progress Of this war that no excessive profit hall be made out of the struggle of humanity.' That rule will not be lifted I when peace comes. It is the explolta- I tlon of weaker nations by those that ' are stronger that has led to most of the wars of the past, and the peace for which America is fighting with all her gathering strength will mark the end of feudal corporate greed as well aa feudal military rapacity. "If our ships do not. bring prosperity to our neighbors as wen as to our- live, our own pride in trie achieve- Tmtnt will be diminished. The great Abet that this country is building will be operated after the war upon prln 'clples which recognize human and na tional rights and equities. That fleet will serve the Americas. It will serve Latin-America as it serves the people of the United States. It will serve the world aa America is now serving the , world in fighting for the cause of lib erty." -Giant Hammers as Luncheon Music Mr. Hurley spoke In the dining room of the American International 8hlDbulldIne Corporation, the com pany operating the big shipyard. The staccato rattle or tne pneumatic nam- mers driving the thousands of rivets Into the hulls of the ships was plainly I audible, and served to emphasize the activities of the fleet.,' After 'the luncheon, which .was Continued on Pan Six, Column Fire That German Gold was used in an attempt to mash American morale is evi denced in the admission yesterday of George Sylvester Viereck that he had received $100,000 from "Count Bernstorff, former German .Ambassador to the United States, for propaganda purposes. That ; Teutonic cash was used for crimi nal and diabolical ends will be shown in tomorrow's &VEWNG PUBLIC LEDGER In the thrilling story founded on 'facts furnished 'by William J.. jFlynn, former head of the United ItaUs Secret Service & THE EAGLE'S EYE :, .... fH?f.PAV McAdoo Cables Nation's , Compliments to Pershing By the United Press With the American Arm tea. In Franc, July 26. General Pershing received the following cablegram from Secretary McAdoo: ' "America glories In the achieve ment of your gallant army and your French comrades. "The country Is thrilled with the valorous deeds of our heroic sol diers." Pershing replied: "In the name of the American Expeditionary Force, I thank you for' your cordial message. Our of ficers and men are filled with the national spirit of determination to win. They are superb soldiers." ARRESTED AS SPY SUSPECT Austrian With Night Glasses Acts Mysteriously on Hill U. S. AGENTS PROBING Robert Weiss, an Austrian, forty-two years old, Thirtieth street, near Oxford, has been taken In charge by tho De partment of Justice, and Is being held pending Investigation of his mysterious action on a hill In Falrmount Park. Ho was arrested late last night by Park Guard McBrlde who had watched for ten minutes while the Austrian scanned the surrounding country with night glasses. After being held In the Woodford Guard House all night, where he was questioned by detectives, he was ar raigned before Magistrate Stevenson, 3847 Lancaster avenue, this afternoon, and was then turned over to the De partment of Justice. According to McBrlde, he was walking through the Park near the Poplar street entrance when the man's actions excited his suspicions. He crept within a few feet, of Weiss and watched him as he apparently . searched In the darkness with V? night glasses for some object. McBrlde finally emerged and arrested Weiss. The Austrian admitted he was un naturalized and that he had not reg istered as an alien enemy. A card found on Weiss Indicated he was employed at the Baldwin Loco motive Works. RUSSIAN DUKES KIDNAPPED Four ' Former Nobles Carried Away.by Bandits By the Associated Press Amsterdam, July 26. Four formei Russian Grand Dukes have been car ried off by an unidentified band, accord ing to a dispatch to the Cologne Volks zeltung from Moscow. The dispatch says that the president of tho Ekaterinburg Territorial Council announces that the band, on July 18, broke Into the residence of the former Grand Dukes Igor, Constantln and Ivan Constantinovltch and Serge Mlchaelo vitch and carried them off. v The former Grand Dukes Constantln and Igor Constantinovltch are sons of the late Grand Duke Constantln Con stantinovltch, a second cousin of the late Emperor. The former Grand Duge Serge was once a'general In the Russian army and Is an uncle of Constantln and Igor. There are no available records of' an Ivan Constantinovltch. HARRISON REMAINS ON JOB Will Continue as Alien Custodian of Philippine Islands By the Associated Press Manilla. July 26. The resignation of Governor General Francis Burton Har rison as enemy alien property custodian of the Philippine Islands, announced rccetly because of differences with A. Mitchell Palmer, enemy alien property custodian at Washington, has not been accepted, and Governor Harrison decided today to continue his work. Governor Harrison has canceled the proposed sale of several properties here whobc ownership was believed to be mainly In German hands. --As a result of his action the prospective .buyers have appealed to Washington. Tner protests aie supported by the Merchants Association. CHANCE MEETING DISASTROUS Woodland Avenue Assumes Aspect of Great White Way They met at Forty-sixth street and Woodland avenue. It was by chance. They had never met before. They could not anticipate that such disastrous re sults would ensue. . One was greatly broken up and crushed over It.' The other suffered, but was paneless. They were a milk wagon and a car. Moved by similar Impulses, they tried to cross the same point at the same mo- The wagon belonged to the Abbott Dairy Company, Thirty-first and Chest nut streets. Nobody hurt, but Wood land avenue's surface for several hours was a paradise for the pet cats of the neighborhood. ARMY STAFF RULES GERMANY Secures Full Executive and State Rights Under New Order By the Associated Press London, July 28. A strlklng-and revolutionary political change has just been made In Ge'rmany, says a Daily Mall dispatch from Berne, Very quietly and unostentatiously, it is added, full executive and State rights ha,ve been granted to the Imperial gen eral staff. This means. It Is declared, that the civil and military executives have been placed on an 'equal basis. - JEWEL THIEVES GET $35,000 Use Pistols in Daylight Robbery in Chicago store By the Associated Press Chlrafco; July 28. Four robbers ob. talned. $30,000 In Jewelry and 50 1n currency from the Jewelry store of J. M. Sandnck today and escaped. They Intimidated Sandacg, his son and daughter with pistols, while they run4cked the place. President Wilson Mob Spirit Washington, July 26. PRESIDENT WILSON today In a statement addressed to his "follow countrymen" defining mob spirit and viglrously condemning alt forms of lawlessness called upon the nation to show the world that while it fights ' for democracy on foreign soli it Is not destroying democracy at home. The President did not confine, his definition of "mob spirit" toward those suspected of being enemy aliens or enemy sympathizers, but made a par ticularly strong plea against lynch InRs: he refrained from specifying lynchings of negroes in the South, but It is clear that he Included thjm In his characterization of mob spirit ns "a blow at the heart of ordered law and human justice." The statement follows: My Fclloxc-countrymen : I take the liberty of addressing you upon a subject which so vitally affects the honor of the nation and the very chaiacter and integrity of our institutions that I trust you will think me justified In speaking very plainly about It. I allude to the mob spirit, which has recently here and there very frequently shown its head among us, not in any single region, but In many and widely separated parts of the country. There have been many lynchings, and every one of them has been a blow at the heart of or dered law and human justice. No man who loves America, no man who really cares for her fame andp honor and character, or who is truly loyal to her Institutions, can justify mob action while the courts of Jus tice are open and the governments of the States and the nation are ready and able to do their duty. We are at this very moment fighting lawless passion. Germany has out lawed herself among the nations be cause she has disregarded the sacred obligations of law and has made lynchers of her armies. Lynchers emulate her disgraceful example. I, for my part, am anxious to see every community in America rise above that level with pride and a fixed resolution which no man or set of men can afford to despise. Mob Spirit a German Asset We proudly claim to be the cham pions of democracy. If we really are, in deed and in truth, let us See to it that we do not discredit our own. I say plainly that every Amer ican who takes part in the action of FALLS IN BATTLE ! Mf Twd Chester Men First Del aware County Guards men Wounded IN OLD SLXTH REGIMENT , A Philadelphia and two Chester youths were reported In today's casualty list from France as havlngtbeen severely wounded In action. They are: , Private Thomas Jonm, 270 South Six teenth street, Philadelphia. Private Albert A. Lykeiu, 1923 West Third street, Chester. PrUato John J. King, 222 Pusey street, Chester. The Chester youths are the first Del aware county men belonging to the old National Guard reported wounded In the gigantic struggle of the Allied troops alqng the Marne, and are among the first members of the 111th Infantry, formerly the old Sixth Pennsylvania In fantry, National Guard, to fall in the present battle. The War Department recently an nounced that the Twenty-eighth Division the Keystone Division composed of, Pennsylvania Guardsmen, Is one of the, American units which has aided In drlv-j ing the Germans back. Private Lykens was a member of Company B, of the old Sixth Regiment, N. G. P., and Is the nephew of Orvllle Lykens. 1922 West Third street, Chester, with whom he resided. Mr. Lykens re- i celved wcrd today from the War De partment that his nephew was wounded July 12, probably fatally. Trained at Hancock Private King was also a member of Company B and resided with his sister, Mrs. W. O. Allen. In Chester. He en listed soon after the United States entered the wan and was in training during the many months Which the Twenty-eighth Division was quartered at Camp Han cock, Ga. Private Jofies, whose address was given In the casualty list as 270 South Sixteenth street, is not known there. It Is supposed that Jones was also a mem ber of the Keystone Division. The casualty list today contained the names of many Pennsylvanlans, among which were two Pottsville youths. They were- Private Jerry D. Sullivan and Pri vate Michael Vanish, both of whom are reported severely wounded In action. The names of William M. Johnson, Oak Ridge,- Pa., and Sergeant James WhaleA of Reading, also appear among those Hated as severely wounded. That former National Guardsmen from cities and towns In the western section of the State- are also actively engaged was Indicated by the number of youths from these sections mentioned in tlje casualty list. HIS NAME IS BLISS, TOO With abandon roicdvdoxcdu BtiU he tells ua "Partly tloudy Tonight and Saturday." Moderate is Ms prediction Though It sometimes sounds like Action. That is just his way. . Very often hds he tinned. Where's that gentle southeast tcindr ' Condemns as Blow at Justice a mob or gives It any sort of coun tenance Is no true son of this great democracy, but its betrayer, and does more toTItscredlt her by that .single disloyalty to her standards of law and of right than the words of her statesmen or the sacrifices of ner neroic ooys in tne trencnes can do to make suffering "people believe her to be their savior., How shall we commend democracy to the accept ance of other peoples If we disgrace our own by proving that It- Is, after all, no protection to the weak? Every mob contributes to German lies about the United States what her most gifted liars cannot Improve upon by the way of calumny. They can at least say that such things cannot happen in Germany except in times of revolution, when law is swept away! I therefore very earnestly and sol emnly beg that the Governors of all the States, the law ofllcers of every community, and, above all, the men nnd women of every com munity In the United States, all who revere America and wish to keep her name without stain or re proach, will co-operate not passively merely, but actively and watchfully to make an end of this disgraceful evil. It cannot live where the com munity does not countenance It. Calls People to Reverend Law I have called upon the nation to put Its great energy Into this war and it has responded responded with a spirit and genius for action that has thrilled the world. I now call upon it, upon its men and women everywhere, to see to It that Its laws are kept Inviolate, its fame untarnished. Let us show our utter contempt for the things that have made this war hideous among the wars of history by showing how those who love liberty and right and justice and are willing to lay down their lives for them upon foreign fields stand ready also to illustrate to all mankind their loyalty to tho things at home which they wish to sec established everywhere ns a blessing and protection to the peo ples who have never known tho privileges of liberty and self-govern- J mem. I can never accept any man as a champion of liberty, cither for our selves or for the world, who does not reverence and objr the laws of our own beloved land, whose laws "wc ourselves have made. He has adopted the standards of the ene- iiues ui nis country, whom ho affects to despise. WOODROW WILSON. DRINR CUTS COAL OUTPUT, HE SAYS State Mining Chief Would Restrict Saloons in Af fected Regions DEALER ADMITS. PROFITS Stricter regulation of Faloons and other drinking places In the mining re glons of Pennsylvania would materially aid in tho production of coal. This statement was made bv Seward K. Button, chief of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania, while explaining the labor difficulties encountered In the production of coal before members of the Pennsylvania Retail Coal Dealers' Association this afternoon at the Cham ber of Commerce. The speaker urged that the saloons be closed earlier at night, and not opened In the morning until the miners had started work. "The loss of tlmo thiough absence af ter the semi-monthly payday," said Mr. Button, "is another serious detriment to production. The average worker prob ably loses six days a month in this way," he said. 'The only way to increase production Is to Increase labor supply and convince the minersthat It Is their patriotic duty to work eight hours a day, six fuI days a week." Many Aliens Loft Country Commenting upon the shortaes of labor since the beginning of the wajy mo Diicnnci ottm wun was que to tne ract tnat many foreign-born miners re turned to their, home countries and'ti" rU.n,.uhr!m,a: entered the munition plants while still others took Jobs In the munition plants In the United States. Rigid observance of the religious calendar, frequent picnics and attend ance at funerals by miners, Mr. Button said, also greatly Interfered with coal production. The high pay of miners, he contended. Interfered, for the reason that the miners worked fewer days a week. John Lloyd, resident vice president of the National Retail Coal Merchants' Association, made a brief address. "Ninety per cent of the retail coal dealers are making more money than ever before," he said. "If you are not making It, then It's your own .fault, bo cause the Government wants you to have a fair margin of profit. The establish ment of the national fuel administration uas the best thing that ever happened for the dealer." Fralatu Fuel Administration After paying further tribute to .he fuel administration, the speaker said he would like to see the Government fix a minimum price for coal, but expressed the belief that It would be Impracticable at this time. A' review of the woik done In regu lating the coal business In this city waa given by T. C. Mahady, of the fuel ad ministration of Philadelphia. The work of the national fuel adminis tration In boosting coal production was explained by Samuel B, CrowfU, a member of the national body. During the jveek ending July 13, he said, 18,243,000 tons of coal were produced In the United States, while in central Pennsylvania the Increase was 150,000 tons over the rec ord for any previous week. When you think of writlnx, think of WHITUtO. Adv, AMERICANS PUSH NEARER TO FERE IN STEADY DRIVE Capture Half of Wood Within Four Miles of Railway Center a INFLICT HEAVY LOSSES Pershing's Guns Wipe Out Massed German Forces in Ruined Epieds By the Associated Press Wnntilngton, July 26. American fores between the Ourcq and the Marne continue to preps back the enemy, General Pershing reported In his communique for yesterday, received today nt' the War Department. The statement follows: "Section A Between the Ouicq and the Marne our troops continued to press the enemy. In their advance eastward they hae taken the southern half of Foret do Fere. "Section B There Is nothing to re port In this section.-" The Forct-de-Fcre is four miles di rectly south of Fore-en-Tnrdcnols, the great railway center, through which tho German"! must pass Inthclr retreat from the southwestern section of the Marne pocket. By the Associated Presi London, July 26. Pouring a conccn- tiated fire on massed German troops which charged Into the ruined village of Epieds, north of the Marne, after the town had changed hands several times, the Americans wiped out the entire German force. The story of how the Americans met and conquered the enemy in the tre mendous combat in the region of Kplcds and Trugny Is related In a despatch from Rcuter's correspondent with the Ameri can troops In France. German Infantry which had been pushed back from the Marne was hur ried forward to check the Franco-American thrust toward Fere-en-Tardenols from the southwest. The Germans fought well and checked the advance for some thirty-six hours, and three times wrested ie village of Epieds from their determined American opponents. Jn the meantime, the vil lage grew constantly smaller under the ceaseless bombardment from both sides alid flnally-dlsappeared, not even a large pile of bricks "being left behind. . When the village disappeared theGer' mans were In possession. The Ameri cans, tired of the ceaseless ebb and flow of the fighting there, had taken the slopes on either flank and forced the Germans' to make their final massed at tackjlnto the lulns of the village. Meanwhile the Allied guns had been brought up beyond the crest of the hill, and ns soon as tho Germani took poucf slon of the village they concentrated a terrific Are upon it until the place smoked with Its own red dust as though afire. When the ffiinn ccaKed firing there were no German left to capture or eien to bury. At the edge of the wood beyond Trugny, the correspondent adds, the Ger man machine guns, stationed ten yards apart, held up the advance a little longer. Making a feint front attack, how ever, the Americans crept, Indian fash Ion, around the flanks and captured all the guns. Afterward the pace, of tho. advance quickened. All the high ground north of Epieds was taken and the line carried beyond Courpcl. BATTLE DEATH RATE LOWEST, SAYS BAKER By the Associated Press Wanhlnicton, July 26. Satisfactory progress Is being made by the American troops assisting the French and British in pushing In the German lines on the Sotssons-Rhelms salient, members of the House Military Affairs Committee were told today by Secretary Baker and Gen eral March, chief of staff. The transportation facilities of the ex. pedltlonary army are fully meeting the .strain placed upon them In keeping the moving troops supplied and In bringing up heavy guns and ammunition, the Rep r sentatlves were told. While without Information as to cas ualties, In the present battle, Secretnry Baker said the percentage of men killed ably low. Figures furnished the com mlttfei members showed that the death rate In battle has been eight per 1000. while there was exactly the same pro portion of deaths from diseases among the expeditionary forces. The officials said this undoubtedly nas the lowest death-rate among troops at war In the history of the world. Members of the committee Inquired as to the losses by the Germans In killed since the present battle started, but General March said he had no Informa tion en that subject, adding that the American forces were too busy pressing their offensive to even attempt to esti mate the German dead. B. R. T. Boosts Men's Pay New York. July 26. The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company today announced a voluntary Increase. wafces to its em ployes, amounting approximately to Jl.i 00.000 annually. The Increases range from 10 to 25 per cent. Kaiser's Death Grip A pen-picture of the prostrate form- of Austria-Hungary, the Kaiser's dupe, from B. F. Kospoth, special correspondent of this paper at Berne, Switzerland, will appear tomorrow in the Evening Public Ledger .German hypocrisy and unfaith fulness to an ally are pitilessly exposed by this brilliant writer. ALLIES TAKE FOE'S BAS AT OULCHY-LE- ADVANCE NEARER FER BRITISH FLIERS DOWN NINETEEN GERMAN PLANES Three Allied Machines Missing. 2 4Tons of Bombs Rained on Enemy Railways By the United Press London. July 26. The British Air Ministry today re ported destruction of sixteen German airplanes, with tho probable loss of three others, which aro declared to have been sent down out of control. Only three British machines aie missing. The communique added: "During the night of July 24 more than twenty-four tons of bombs were dropped by us on the raUvus at Valt-n-clennee, Sclln, Courtrnl and Armcn tlcres and on hostile billets on different parts of the front. Two trains were hit with bombs and thousands of rounds fired from machine guns at various ground targets, Including active anti aircraft guns, searchlights and trans Iorts." WESTERN UNION INDICTED Charged With Sending 346,417 Wires by Rail ew York. July 26. Ily I N. S.-J Federal tndlc tment were nnnrtcd down today ngalnit the Western Union Tele graph Ciimpany on charges of lmlng tnrnsin'ttitl "46,417 meages bv rail. The penalty provided In the Indict ments N ?50 a message, which would amount to J17.D00.000. UKRAINE PEASANTS REBEL AND MARCH ON KIEV LONDON, July 26. A peasant rebellion has broken out in the Ukraine on a formidable scale, according to information re ceived today. Seventy-five thousand peasants, fairly efficient troops, with their officer's and instiuctors, are advancing against the Germans, detachments of whom have withdrawn before the hostil advance, retreating to Kiev. The peasants are well armed CHINESE TROOPS TO BAR BOLSHEVIKI FROM CROSSING LONDON, July 23. China is sending troops to the border to prevent the Bolshcviki from 'crossing, it was learned authorita tively today. SOVIET FALLING, LENINE ADMITS Bolshevik Premier De clares Republic Totters Under Counter-Revolts CZECHS TAKE SIMBIRSK By the Associated Press Amsterdam, July 26. Premier I.enlne, In n pcech at, Moscow before the sovrrn.neMt conference of fac tory committees, ,'nld the position of the Soviet republic had hceimo extremely acute In view nf International complica tions, counter-revolutionary conspiracies and the food crisis, according tc a Mos cow dispatch received by way of Berlin. The Russian Proletariat knew very well, Lenlne told the conference, that the united action of tho workers of the entire world, or of some of the highly developed capitalistic countries, was nn essential condition to the lctory of the Russian molutlon. It was easy for Russia to begin a revolution, hut extra ordinarily dltllcult to continue and con clude It On the other hand, the begin ning of a revolution In such a long-organized bourgeois country ns Germany was t'Nticnu'ly clIIHcult. but then It would be t-o much caMer to cairy It to comple tion. Referring to the Brest-Utovsk treaty. Lenlne haid that, according to the treaty, Russia muht pay Germany 6,000,000,000 rubles. The attempt of the Social Revo lutionists of the Left to entangle Russia In n war with Germany by the murder of the German Ambatsador, was no way to evade the trenty The way out mu3t be fqund by the joint exertions of the proletariat and the poor prnsar.'s. Rushia. under the Urcn Litovsk treaty, was to Indemnify Girnmn tubjects for the losses Incurred through the war, Ad vices received In London early In April said tho Russian Government estimated these losses would total Ave billion rubles. It has been reported, but never officially confirmed, that Germany also demanded a cash Indemnity of several billion rubles. SIMBIRSK CAPTURED BY CZECHOSLOVAKS By the Asiocinted Press Amsterdam. July 26. Ciecho-SIovak troops have captured the Important town of Simbirsk, about 600 miles east cf Moscow, according to an official telegram from Moscow received by way of Berlin. The Russian Soviet troops put up a des perate resistance. With the capture of Simbirsk, on the Volga, Czccho.Sloak troops now control not only the left bank of the river, but part of the territory on the right bank. The Prada, the official Soviet organ. Continue on rase SMi,CIubui On BRITISH SMASH GERMAN BLOWS ON TWO FRONTS Drive Back Teutons Attempting to Recover Lost Hcbuternc and Metcr.cn Positions By the United Press London, July 26. British troops repulsed strong enemy attacks against recently von positions In the Hebuternc and Mcteren sectors last night and this morning. Field Marshal Halg reported today. The statement follows: "In the Hebuterno sector (Plcardy front) jesterday eenlng the enemy at tacked our new positions under cover of a heavy barrage and was driven oft with severe losses. "Early this morning a stiong enemy local attack was repulsed in the neigh borhood of Meteren (Flanders front) after sharp fighting." "During the night a party of our troops rushed a ho-tlle machine-gun nest in the Merrls sector. "Hostllo artillery has been active In the Komme valley nnd In the neighbor hood of Boyelles." Killed in Flying Test By the United Press HiifTnln, X. Y., July 26. Aviator J. Lawrence Durham, Brookvillo, Ont was Instantly killed, and Ralph Doollttle, San Francisco, fatally Injured In the fall of an airplane at the Curtlss testing Meld today. U.S. TROOPS GAIN MORE THAN MILE Capture Two Towns and Advance Line in Fere Forest Region . COMBATS ARE BLOODY By EDWIN L. JAMES Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Ccpurlaht. MIS. bu w Vorfc Timta Co. With the American Army on the Marne, July 26. By a series of connected local ac tions the American troops succeeded yesterday In pushing forward their line, running through the region of the forest of Fere and tho forest of Riz. Our men gained as much as four kilometers (two and one-half miles) at some points. In their ndvance they captured two towns, the names of which cannot be mentioned until after the French com munique records them. In one of these towns the Germans had placed machine-gun positions in and about a large church. Our troops also took possession of a strong position on a large farm in the midst of the forest of Fere. French-American troops to their right In the forest of Rlz also made good progress. The French, in the legion below Oulchy-le-Chateau nnd the Americans to the southf are slowly crushing In the defenses of Fere-en-Tardennls. from which the Americans are now distant only nbout eight kilo meters (Ave miles). The Germans are withdrawing their war material from the town, where several fires are burn ing now. Will Try to Hold Fere The Germans are expected to make n strong eff6rt to hold Fere-en-Tardenols. Seven highways converge there, nnd the town has been used bv the Germans as a supply depot. The town is now well within the range of our guns and several fires were observed there last night. Meanwhile the Allied troops are keeping up the pressure oouth of Rhelms. threatening Flsmes and also south of Solssons. Of the last two days' fighting It may be said that our progress has steadily continued. It continues against violent artillery Are and bit ter infantry assaults of the enemy, on which the German official communique 'a" much stress. This resistance was materially weakened on tho southern side of the salient Wednesday. Progress mor'e favorable than on the day before was registered bv the Allied armies all along the salient. It was the lot of the Americans to drive the Germans back in the region lyins north of Cliateau-Thlerry. Of Coatinnta on Tat Fr. Colama TfcrM m 'r CHATEAI mx .ttii Villein oij toire r i i, ,. i ir: i YJ2$ VUltllVVC'T 1U T?L,fff Also Gained" vfe mM SEIZE MANY ,i PRISONE1 N83 Allies Continue Pit Against Chief Supply . aCvl Demerol roe w-sj : i$i$& PINCER IS CLOSING ' Si VffStf ON GERMAN ARMIES! 4;gw i.j.m& Pa;rnnr1 nnrl TTio-riurnv !wl ,roaa and Jllgnway Syg1 V.OWM at thrown rnnces stratefM r T m m n i' Station Destroyed f , TEUTON FIGHTING HAIM Kaisers Forces May Open Bijjjffl n .r . o s$& viuuiucr-Linve in oois- v; VfXs sons Zone " ij By the Associated Press -KSV:dl Paris. JulySjtf!iS Capture of the towns of VillembitSKSi toire and nounccd by the War Office. The French took four cannon an many hundred prisoners in this flgh4wi'S ' The statement follows: 'Qfl icsieraay auernuon rrencn irvvsmmK captured Vlllemontolre after vloltM.4 fltrhtln:r and cantured 200 nrlsonera sJi.'a well as twenty machine guns. X'tS' "Further south, Oulchy-le-ChaUltJ fell Into the hands of the French.-s.flK;-French made progress eastfco'Tinfa' town and captured four cannon. IfBV'jl "During combats yesterday IrU.tl rpirlnn south of the Ourcn the Tnltkm'fi took many hundreds of prisonert.yifril Vlllemontolre- is slightly more immkc five miles directly south of 'SblaeaMrira on tho Soissons-Chateau-Thierrylp road. It is in this region, ",tp German right flank that the eneaMWaa has been making his most determlnejti ..i.tnnsA nnw ftirtVtAt ortvnfiMi 'Ur.Aa the Allied forces because of the ,?' ger to his. line of retreat from tk "X , ,..i i.iA Marne salient, Oulchy-le-Chateau Is about sevttijv miles south of Vlllemontaire, on thy--5 Solssons-Chateau-Thlerry railway, lis... This line has been virtually useless lie K the Germans for some time, however. sVS owing to its having been closely, i&Wm . . . .... - '.. Si hi proacnea or cut oy tne Allies runner w, north. The taking of Oulchyle Chateau, however, will definitely MrtVii It out of business. The capture t)a mis town hiso represents a luriBWvjXr closing in on Fere-en-Tardenols.-aboUtW six miles to the east, although ,'tlttMfl .1,1 , . --...M'iii'.&f on the line to the south. tvitu hid murrivaii armr H"W. AIsne-Marne Front. July 28. TlJei'cSsJ French and American push northeasts! s-,1.-. ft... . ' .-.';. -i-it ui i-imieiiu-iiiierry nils resoivea iUfU-$.v Into a. battle nf thn wnnriir wlith?r abound In this region. The GermaiM are fighting a rear guar,d action ltlS. their artillery and machine guns. re-Pi-,? tiring gradually before the AlllM.&t forces. The German Infantry Is not '', t" evidence. s 'f t'o iiiun.wi.uiiB c.iuy luutiy wvTVjV that the enemy was making prepaVnvV tions for a further withdrawal. HeT werjij has been struggling to hold' .th northern half of the Forest of ,Tvn v and of the Forest of Rls, but tAt' lies are making progress in the work! of ousting him from the remainder & these woods. The Allies moved up their heav artillery early today and were tbryii Inc. shnlla tntn the n.rman Mna'iU ... ....... .... v. . .... u far as saponay (nve and one-half BMtesiT vnnri Fflrp.pn.Tnrr1printci ftwr. MllAkvA .. - c - ,Xt.L,2ll& souineusi ui oupuiuty;. xne samw to the south were also being peP9M4ferf by Allied shells. ' ''Aki"i . . j-nr The uermans nave oeen using NM "blue, cross" or "sneeze" gas, Wt- tffectu ely. ? fty- Ttie poplar and oak forests of; J nnd Rix are rilled with under and the Allied forces are havlag I Job to get through them. but. an tinulng the push night and day. uerman macmne gunners lery are desperately conte every Inch of ground before.! tit -i (This morning the battle':! ',.( woods was still in progress.) Day alter aay tne Ainee, . French, now the Americans . the British, are encroaching,! triangular salient, at soma yw ing deep dents in the enemy J and at other progressing i t. Re tk. tlnilmd Pfiii --'-ii Park,'. Franco-American troops pletely turned Fere foreet.?,! within six .kilometers (naVuri miles) of Fere-en -Tardenols. 4r . on soin sia.es or me; Coatlaioa a race Ma, ( j r. r 0iH "!W Bi-.'',. .,. - ."-:'." ?w a'.., ., y. " - f , uf - . &$.?. fo .' abimML lTSocVW -J .. . ,r Wlii".- ' &,i&.