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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, July 30, 1918, Night Extra, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1918-07-30/ed-1/seq-8/

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IffEVENINcffELEGRAPH
ILIC LEDGER COMPANY
T?B ?. It tlttTIfl PfiitsinipvT
I X. Ludlngton. Vice l'rcldcntj John C.
retary awl Treasurer! rniiipa conins,
rtlllams. John J. Spurgeon, Directors.
'"5M" EDrroniAti noARD.
('CTSCSl. K Ccstis, Chairman
a'aVffMILET. ... . . ...,. .Editor
C MARTIN.... General Business Manager
hsil rtallv at Tml.tn t.EDosn Miillillnff.
'' Independence Square, I'hllAdelrlila,
VvNTIUL. ... .ifroaa hiiu cnrsuiui turrets
lo Cut. i Pirsi'lHtoii Hull line
rrMK.. Son Metropolitan Tower
v. mi roni liuiiuing
CIS..... .....ions rullerton Hull MnB
so .....1202 Tribune Uulldlnc
JM ' ' NEWS BUREAUS'
y
JiWasSHSOTON HlBltlFf
ft &ilJa -S- cor. I'enngwiania Ave ana utti tft
UrZ4 Htmrr.r llttnni . ihe .Sun llvllldlnc
nWsSds Btnr.AU.. I.unJon rime J
fe"t,f SU11SCR1PTION TEItMS
,I"re Etemvo TtKuo LrnrKi: Is served to sub-
iWmn In 1'hlladelphla an I surrounding towns
"Mjfca rate of twcle (1J) cents tier week. pajable
. Vt mall to' points ou(ld of Philadelphia. In
m'lWPwUnuea states. CftniUH or cnueti ruaie- v"i
AifsHlons, postage free, flftv t.0) tents per month.
.-vMa (16) dollsrs tier ear. rajable In adance
rr?I:"s- all foreign cou iTlc one (St) dollar per
. ""HtfTics Subscribers lshtr.r address changed
OMwt the o'd as well as new address.
jiu.JOOO UMMI ktMOF. MAIN 1000
iStf -O" Arldrtis all romniimicnflons to t icnina Public
PiK .a-.-.. t I................ l. ....... njiffmlf Inlitrt
jjvaffrr. iriuijitiininib hji.um , ...int.. if......
if tJtv Member ot the Asocialcd Tress
W4" WW? ASSOCIATED PliESS is cxclu
S iftW entitled fo f.'ie sc o tcpirblicatfon
i i IT ncivi dispatches credit' a to it or ho;
gK&Wieije credited in this paw, and also
w;m local neus puoiiincn incrcui
tfAU rights of reimblU attci of special du
pilches hcteUi arc also merteJ.
f i
FailaJtlphu, Tue-d.v. Julv 30, 191S
MODEST GERM ISY
THE dtscoeiy thnt Ccimanj,
that the war would pooh
elaborate plans Fhoitlj Ixtoie
entrance Into the conflict for
ij rHHB dtScoeiy thnt Ccimanj, asoumlns
end laid
Amerk tN
a inonu
.mental adettllng campii?n
hpio ntn-
jjj''vl4e? unaUspecteJ etldence of Teutonic
aoietty. Can It lie that our foe vi ts tin
.Wsre of'bclris- the greatest self-adert!er
In 'Kistoty?
NP millions that she sunlit to spend
on exploiting Clerman products could pos
iltfly have availed to ni.ike them better
krioTyn th'an they already were Hun
frightfulness, Hun sreed Hun bulhlnc,
HilM frenzj.Hun unscrupulojsnebs already
were a brand perfecth well Known from
the, equator to latitude ?eto at either pole.
AU"the fortunes of the ace- could not
have extended the sphere or lntensit of
publicity.
R, iasc masters ot aavertisin;.', ata tne m-
KS' deed, so deprecate their achiev ements as
to reel mat anjtnins more was neces'irj
Omnia forced to believe tint a late as
1917 there were actuilh net mans who
feared that some civilized beincrs on the
"jj globe j, had not jet heard of what was
"Made in Berlin."
The pleasantest waj to aecipt the news
that HIndenburs Is ' entireh well" is to
reaflxe that the latest Ally ictoilcs enable
bin to get sick all oer again
E, SKY DREADNOUGHTS
V VtlANNT HAPRONT the Itnllnn wizard
Wl !.
Vljiof aviation, wasn't talking airy per-
is alflage when he said In Paris i esterday
g" that" hUge airplanes, large enough to carry
wf a nunarea men ann engineu as poweriuny
i ' destroy er, will be common within a
Hnfejijjeora, Ana no oetter argument tor
Stfcacomplete extinction of German mili-
t&? Mrjr ambitions than this easj -going pre-
fc diction of Sitrnor Canronl's can be im.
wined.
1 With Germany completeh ci ushed, it
ia conceivable that future great wars will
DKPermanently aoided. The means of
warr on the other hand, gtow more terrible
every day. The prospect of a war in
which the contending forces would find It
aay Jo obliterate whole cities in a night
is Intolerable. Tet the methods of un-
i,t imaginable destruction which warring na-
. tfnina -will Krtnn i a l e w Ittlti tVioff rrcnon
Wr 7 . V. . . e...
gffi. is .BUKgestea o ine bKy areaanougnts or
ktm latiiut. i.niuiii a Jiuttn.
Civilization itself would fall lnmitably
lnVjlhe sort of conflicts that will be pos.
Slbleiwlthln. twenty jears And the only
safe course for mankind now is the elim
ination ot the cause of war at Its deep
'est source.
Perhaps Kcrensky's decision not to come
Ps "to jpie.United States has been inspired by the
y . tfteujrit that He can obtain an excellent Idea
,tv ofur population and it-, accomplishments
by remaining right In France.
LET FA(?TS SUFFICE
VEN bo brilliant a ictory as Second
Marne" may be tarnished by oe.-
etatement. Ulsappointment that I'och hs
not yet bagged the half million Get mans
alleged to have been caught in the Vesle-
'A . V
M TO
KL.Vtion In which sane patriots should indulge
BLf.i, ....-..... .
jsxaumre to see a iaorue tncorj work out
V i-nmv tltr lllt nno'e l.nn 11. . .
M f atj .( .,t a -ioiuj. kiiii iuajject
'"tafijnuch substantial actomplp-nmeni.
r Paris is no lontrer serionsK ImncriUH
"Many square miles of important territory
E) -nave oeen regainea tor freedom. The inl-
IS tiatlve in the titanic war game has passed
',jito the Allies. It is far better to derhe
t our, rejoicing from these incontrovertible
facU than to entertain etraagant specu
lations. Should unforeseen successes be
LVV5 Wiw, vui 4,1111. is inci ilicili LUIJ UQ Un-
K? V clouded and doubly Keen
V?1 Mt'mating the blgnlflcance of the
iHiWesent action in Champagne It Is well
Pjj remember that German military skill
$$& n, jinone wun especial btllllancy In de
KVMMive operations. The establishment of
iSSjinw ninuenuurg line in laiB i
ilpjXlYCk's retreat from the llarne
KWKfjSsV" notable examples of this i
on
In 1914
attribute.
lTh most glaring Teuton blunders has
ifcaflk'
inn v
lKL-''TTZ-i
g -'- - ' -. - ..
.wwiwo jiiBtoric cases ianures were occa-
las.afl hv rlAnrprlntlnir thn etrnr.v. n? u.
rA mW J r- T--.-. o ...w ..v..0.u ui liIC
ce the war began the French com-d-i-has
heroically and consistently
jW.syjkird.thi error Knowledge of this fact
K'Himlly enables us to appreciate without
'Sfs4MUncation3 the superb gains which
Mk 'already has made. Solidity rather
i IRshai" showlnesa is their Inherent nnniii,.
-5 -v..t...w.,f u. wuuipv, tiiat ine
,squeiing or tne lines between
land Solssons may hae far-reach-
fnsuences and that the Germans
i j 1i ye listen, oust at present, now-
i it is wisest to exult because the tide
V . ja...... . , ...
r an uwyu utiumeiy turneu mis
f Inateaft ot picturing its conclusion
FiltM present campaigning season.
ping of the great d';eds already
LatMuId sufc for Uta day.
M .lull ' 1JIJ..IJJ( II a ..fT l"i ."- i -'4MliJ(J. 1 JW..1 i Z " - , - -I t t SS 'tt'r ! T J T i-W T ,. IT J, 1 -,r l h H - B ' ll- ufl I 1 ' L V. I, ..! If i,Jl -1 - T . -f- 1 . .
SSrOT T-m$ TBeBKING PUBLIC XEDGERPHILADEEPHm' TUESDAY 4JUOT3d;
. ..
THE OTHEh SIDE OF FREEDOM
These Are Times When We Ignore the
Rights of Small Nations
NE of the oddest thinps about this
wnr is tho difnculty which the aver
ago man experiences in adjusting his in
dividual action and viewpoint to the high
motives for which he is willing, in the
mass, to stake his life. Thero are land
lords who never have hesitated to plunder
poor tenants whom they find at a disad
vantage. Yet they send their sons to
battle for the rights of imall nations!
Men who have bitterly opposed every
movement for tho betterment of labor are
the first to cry out of the depths of genu
ine indignation that tho Junkers must go.
We in America are just now applaud
ing tho Czecho-Slavs for one of tho
bravest and noblest adventures ever en
dured for the cause of liberty. And here
at home we are accustomed to isolate
these same Czecho-Slavs in slums and
regard them with prejudice and suspi
cion as people different from ourselves.
Italians and Serbians arc people whom
we seem able to undei stand only at a dis
tance or in the second generation. We
are moved profoundly by their fidelity
and valor in the present war. When
they come to America we too often put
them in "quarters" and leave them to the
politicians and the exploiters to be mis
led, cheated and oppressed.
The parable wntten by Albert C.
Barnc-. and printed in another column on
this page .shows the manner in which the
law of compensation reacts upon US' in
consequence to help political corruption
in Amoiican cities. The ward politician
has altogether a shicwdcr view of the
foicigneis in this country than the aver
age Amoiican in or out of Congress. He
finds i state of affairs that makes his
singular job easy. The public schools
work miracles with the second generation
of foreigners. But the immigrants them
selves arc another story.
If the war has done one thing it has
interpreted the spirits of these people.
They have adventured this far to escape
from torment. But most of them do not
escape it. They go bewildered to their
graves. Tho waid boss is to them the
permanent sign and symbol of the free
country. Through his friend, the corner
policeman, the alien in America feels
what he believes to be the might and
power of the great republic. That the
new country should seem to its new
citi7cn to be unkind and limited alike in
its intelligence and its sense of justice is
not stiangc.
It is often said that the foreign quar
ters arc obstacles in the way of good
municipal government. They are. And
the fault isn't with any of the ordinary
practices or theories of government. It
is with the viewpoint of the average
American, which tends to keep aioof all
those who do not know our accent or
wear clothes identically like ours or eat
the same food.
It was in this city not long ago that a
manufacturer excused low wages in his
factory with the announcement that
almost all his employes "were Italians."
In the coal regions of Pennsylvania Poles
followed the lush, English and Welsh
miners when these miners died or retired
after having sent their sons into other
less rigorous employments. The Poles
who took up the work were gentle,
credulous men of great physical power.
But the older residents in that region in
vented a term of kindly derision for
them, set them apart and viewed them
as a lesser breed. These were the de
scendants of men who had warred for
libeity before the Declaration of Inde
pendence was written.
There is in the natnc xiewpoint of nil
peoples a trace of snobbishness. Most
of the foreigners who conic to America
to live ate despei atcly poor. And it may
be north obtcimg that m this country
prospei ity is worshiped to the exclusion
of many things better north while. In
the end it may proie that it ts the pov
erty of the alien that makes his way diffi
cult in l?iteuca.
Now we are seeing these people of the
European continent in the mass for the
first time as people who are as spirited,
as biave, as eager as oui selves. Those
of them who come to this country bring
trends of character and faiths that prop
erly might make the national character
of Ameiica still licher and more various.
ll'e shall not haie finished the fight for
the rights of small nations until each
new citizen is given an opportunity to be
a good one and made free from the
unmotal exploitation by politicians on
the one hand and dependent i7idii3trics
on the other. The war should be ade
quate to show that the little people who
arc our ullici abioad a)c fitted to be our
allies not our denendents at home.
Immigration will increase after the
war. The great unleavened masses of
the foreign born, isolated in many east
ern cities, are already a peril to many
institutions of local government. Left to
themselves, uninfoimcd aliens ar; easily
made the prey of selfish interests. They
aie swayed by self-interested men of
their own nationality. Properly, the
Government itself might devise means of
a better approach to this new element
and might find means to make the privi
leges and obligations of citizenship clear
to every newcomer.
Otherwise it would be far better to
limit immigration. Present conditions
tend to make the difficulty of self
government in American cities grow con
stantly more acute.
THE BAN THAT BRACED US
TN LIFTING tho ban on wheat, save
with respect to its proportion In "vic
tory bread," from hotels, clubs, restaurants
and dining cars, Mr. Hoover's appended
praise for the "sacrifice" made becomes
almost embarrassing. The individual con-
J eumer, whose diet foi
for newly, a year baa
dfcu
..T &j
IfH-rA.
Jl ..,-'
H.murf-
been so entertainingly varied, has actu
ally reciprocal thanks to bestow.
"fcat up your bread, dear," insisted many
a solicitous mother in peace days, Tan
trums and tears occasionally accompanied
Infantile protests. Is It not conceivable
that the monotony of an alleged luxuri
ous fare was partly responsible for such
exhibitions? Wheat bread, Indeed, became
sufficiently conventional to be almost ir
ritating. There were even grown-ups who,
rejoicing In freedom from parental man
dates, ate very sparingly of that common
place nrtlclo of food.
It took the war to make the bread dish
Interesting. The lore of southern mam
mies was Invoked to propagate the Jovs
of corn muffins north of tho Mason and
Dixon line, rive bread, with or without
carawav seeds, appealed nttractively to
many a Jaded palate. Graham flour, oats,
rice and potatoes gave the onco invariable
staff of life a wide diversity of tastes and
hues. The baker's Ingenuity rose tri
umphantly to the occnslon, and butter
made a host of agreeable new acquaint
ances And now a grateful food administrator
permits us to return In all restaurants
and public eating places to the rut of an
Invariable and "standardized" bread and to
pies and cakes no longer made with deli
cate rice flour, but with wheat, which, in
the hands of the inexpert, sometimes pro
duced dubious desserts.
With characteristic human perversity
there, mav be tome of us who will chafe
over tho restoration of the old order as
at first. In our Ignorance, we fretted over
the new one. This much, however, Is cer
tain. Our easiest sacrifice in the war was
the conservation of wheat.
It Is conceivable that Germany would
g!adl exchange the war tool of Austria for
the war Toul of France.
GOING AND COMING
Reading Terminal
A dingy vault of noise and steam
Vast arches and a scoop of sky;
A clang and tumble, and the stream
Of smug commuters pressing by
A word all heads weic turned and
then:
"A troop train uaiUng" "Drafted
men!"
The little groups were clustered, each
To watch its men pass out of sight;
Brave lips that shook with trivial speech,
Eyes marred by secret grief all night.
"Well, Kid, I'll uear a senice pin!"
"Send us a postal ft am Berlin!"
The boys were game. Shirt-sleeved, they
smoked ;
Taunted their friends "Your turn
next draft!"
Eyes swam. Apart, a sister choked;
Her bosom shook as though she
laughed.
It was not laughter. "Gee," one cries,
"This coal-gas, honey, stings one's eyes!"
That is the time when teeth are set!
Those sickened hours, thank God, are
few
Thrust out from one life, but not yet
Redeemed and girded in the new.
That is the time when naught will serve
But each man's elemental nerve.
I could not watch. Kind eyes must shut
When human hearts are bare and raw;
When all the webs of life are cut
One does not dwell on what one saw.
Yet all the passions of our race
Vibrated in that gloomy place.
A dingy vault of noise and steam
Vast arches, and a scoop of sky;
But trait great shed can never seem
The same drab place as I pass by
I'll see that girl, alone, apart,
Choked by her leaping, naked heart.
There will be hearts for whom that place,
That crowded arch of heat and trains,
Will be a shrine for some lost face,
An altar of old joya and pains.
Ah, when you pass those gates again
Think, God be with you, drafted men,
Social Notes
Sam Scovllle, Jr . of this city and Main
Line, tells In the August Atlantic Monthly
what lo do when one comes face to face
with a black and-white animal with a
pointed nose, a bushy tail and an air of
Justified confidence.
Briefly, Sam's advice Is be civil to the
civet.
Dudley Harmon dropped in to see us
j esterday on his way from Washington to
Independence Square. Dudley is the Ladies'
Home Journal's machine-gun nest In
Washington, and the most harmonious per
son we wot of.
Ned Musehamp, of Narbetth and the ad
vertising business, was in here about cock
crow this morning. We didn't make out
whether Ned was on his way to today's
work or returning from jekterday's.
Now they say that Kerensky isn't com
ing over here after all. Have we missed
our last chance of meeting a clean-shaved
Kusslnn?
Bill Stltes says It must be p. cinch to
write pieces for the paper. W feel rather
embarrassed about this, but we don't quite
see w hat we can do.
aeneral von Hlndenburg, who will be
remembered as one of the Hlndenburgs
who used to be so fond of the Marne, is
officially reported as having recovered from
his recent death. He is feeling much bet
ter, but we predict a relapse about the
time tho first ship is launched at Hog
Island. SOCRATES.
Paradoxical 'beefing" on meatless days
continues In Germany every time Foch pushes
his iine forward.
It is superfluous to Inform us that the
troops which gave way before the Franco
American advance were "Aack divisions."
There are some of us who would greatly
rejoice to begin a counter-attack when the
food profiteer on the other aids tries bis
rjttorUou tactics, . .' .
1 V
, J, .sit JlJ li.i.
rsafe.
i-ij.jtr ., ;at;
J -. -J4IT "!' S ' 3) .K i
i.ftj--:v.
&&:?f?n'tfM
A Parable of Patriotism
1 '
ON'n of our large cities a man of ex
1 al
alted public position addressed an assem
blage of more than 6(00 of his countrymen
of the same foreign birth. The occasion was
the commemoration of the death of one of
their nttlve patriots The verbatim transla
tion here given Is verified as exact by the
orator himself:
FeHow Americans I am going to make
a confession, an'applogy and a promise.
I have never been true to you, to our
country or to myself. You, tie unthink
ing part of jou, have looked upon me as a
hero, because I posed as one of yourselves
who had risen by merit from your state
of obscurity to a position of eminence and
worth In the social and Intellectual life of
the city. But I have never told you the
truth about any of these things.
I am only a sawdust hero, L am not
representative of genuine things that make
life worth living. My position I hold largely
by virtue of the same kind of vicious politi
cal and social s stem that holds you In your
present bondage When I got where I am,
vi lth assured position, money, family and
social standing, I did nothing to lighten
jour burdens or make you good Ameri
cans The political kennel from which I
graduated to security had fixed its habits
upon me and I exploited jou, my official
position, my country's needs, all to gratify
my vanity.
At your celebrations I make speeches,
but I tell jou nothing that touches your
Intimate, personal lives or needs. In your
parades I ride on the band wagon with
aristocrats whom I emulate In my social
life I have sunk Into the slippered ease
of a smooth. Iazj', luxurious routine In
my home, my clubs, my official position.
Consequently, I have made virtually no
progress In intellectual or moral develop
ment so trat I could deal with jour prob
lems, which are manv On the contrarj-,
mv name and political pull have been the
means of putting In vour midst unscrupu
lous ndventurers who hold jou In subjec
tion while the fill their colters They have
oxen plnjed me false.
But those davs and those conditions are
past and done, I am from this day one of
jou In spirit, sjmpathy nnd determination
to become ronest men and good Americans
I'll make a sjBtcmatlc effort to develop my
mind and mv character so that I can help
vour nssimllitlon Into our regenerate
Amerltanlsm.
I'll stop exploiting jou. I'll work to
educate jou, to develop vour enlightened
ideals, to make jou socially nnd Intellectu
ally fiee and to give vou vour birthrights
of unhampered self-realization I will no
longer be a tool of the Ignorant autocrats
who hold vou In subjection bj' means of
fear, and 111 drive to helpless cover those
rascals who are ho cheating our country
and us No more cheap newspaper no
toriety and misrepresentation at jour ex
pense, and no more counterfeit people,
Ideals or poses will figure In my soul or
outward life. It will take time to form
these new habits, but vou hive my word
that It will he done nnd I'll work for jou
as human beings and Americans, bo help
me Ood
The constermtlon of the audience was
greit, but tho applause was greater. When
one of his friends asked what was responsible
for his change of heart, the orator replied:
'Well, I Just realized what President
Wilson meant when he wrote that no foreign
power will ever ngaln be permltted'to exploit
a weaker people. I saw that democracy
must begin at home, nnd I've started to do
mv share" ALBCB.T C. BARNES.
Mellon, Julv 29.
The cloud effects were
so wonderful jestcr
daj' we spent a good
We Watch
the Clouds
deal of time out on
our flre-escape balcony watching them Evi
dently, after ajen dajs' drought, the weather
man was concocting something new. "The
traveling mountains of the ky" were all
moving northward, great tumbled billows and
crags of Bnow. There was a moment when
the flag on the tall staff of the Drexel Build
ing was framed in an aperture of pure,
serene blue. We took It for a good omen and
went In to measure how far our men are
from the Vesle Itlver.
If we don't get a de
Wrnther Mn, cent rain soon the row
Do lour Bit of elm trees In front
of Independence Hall,
planted some vears ago by the Colonial
Dames, will be In danger of permanently Im
paired health They look verj seedy from
lack of moisture, and by a quaint Irony they
adjoin a bubbling horse fountain on which is
carved "Give us water, loW we perish."
A British naval officer
sajs that when there
are a few more fast
Perhaps He Meant
' on the Nubway
destroyers on the Job
the Atlantic crossing will be as safe as going
up Broadway. But the Jolly tar might have
been more fortunate In his choice of a
parallel. To us slow-dodging rustics Broad
way doe3 not seem a happy example of
safety.
The age limit of the
Ah, Gallantry! naval reserve force
has been raised to
forty. But It need not be assumed that any
of the jeogirls who look so dimity and
dotted swlss along our pavements are any
where near that age Indeed, they must come
perilously close to the minimum.
While they are re
nut This Time treating to the Alsnc,
Is Final perhaps the bodies
everj now and then
experience that curious feeling that It has
all happened before. They ought to have the
technique of retreating to the Alsne down
to a fine point.
( "I'm delighted to ln
Those Dashed form you, Mr. Inter-
Americans locutor, that .the hy
phen is winning the
war." 'That's a surprising statement, Mr.
Bones How do you make it out?" "Why,
hasn't the victory on the Marne beeiT as
cribed to the 'dash' of our troops?"
Bankrupt Nat Good-
But They're win perhaps antlci-
All Receivers pates that the hands
of a receiver will be
kinder to him than those of the five or so
wives whom he wooed, won and lobt.
The heat wave will be nothing compared
to the wheat wave that will be unleashed
August 1, when griddle cakes go back on
the menu.
It seems as though there ought to be
some Joke about Mr. McAdoo being the
Mikado of the Treasury Department, but it
still eludes us.
TearB for the departure of the sugar
bowl may be at least partially assuaged by
exodus of the housefly who made it his
habitat.
"Extravagant" would bo the Kaiser's
comment on the whole Hog Island under
taking, even if it were found that not a
dollar was wasted on that monumental plant.
Foch's troops have triumphantly proved
that "none but the brave deserve the Fere."
In this weather the sunny aid of the
&MiMMiMM
"I STILL
Twelve Centuries of Meatless Days
By Etsu Inagaki Sugimoto
THE other day I attended a banquet where
there were several Japanese gentlemen
who had recently returned from London
They spoke of the meatless dajs there, nnd
all said they had been surprised to find that
they seriously missed meat from the (able
That the absence of meat could seriously
affect a Japanese person shows how quickly
we have accepted foreign customs, for
from the introduction Into Japan of Bud
dhlBm the religion which forbids the killing
of animals until about forty j'ears ago, the
Japanese were vegetarians That was twelve
centuries of meatless days
u
REMEMBER very distinctly the first time
ever tasted meat I came home from
school one day and found that my father
had Just returned from a trip to Toklo
Such an occasion was usually one of re
joicing to the entire family, but this day
there seemed to be an air of depression
everj where As I stepped into the "shoe
off" place I heard my mother'B voice in low,
solemn tones giving some directions to a
maid. The servants all seemed excited, but
they also were talking In hushed voices
Of course, I did not ask any questions, as
I had not jet greeted the famllj-, but I had
an uneasy feeling that something was
wrong. And it was hard for me to walk
calmly and without haste ns I went to my
grandmother's room for the usual respect
ful salutations
My giandmother was sitting with a maid
before the gold thrine I nas greatly sur
prised to see the doors closed, for It was the
hour when they were usually open and the
shrine lighted In readiness for the evening
obeisance before eating There were rolls
of white paper on a big lacquer traj" ; ana
the maid was pasting It over the glided
doors. Almost every Japanese home has
two shrines In the time of sickness or
death, the plain wood Shinto shrine, which
honors the sun-goddess, the Emperor and
the nation. Is sealed with white paper to
guard it from pollution, but tho elaborate
gilded Buddhist shrine Is left open, as it Is
the Buddhist gods who give comfort to the
living and guide the dead on their heavenly
Journej'. I had never known the gold shrine
to be sealed and, young as I was, I knew
that something very strange and mjsterlous
was about to happen
MY GRANDMOTHER returned my bow
with her usual gentle smile, but she was
graver than usual.
"Honorable grandmother," I anxiously In
quired, "Is somebody going to die?'
I remember now how she looked hair
amused and half shocked
"Little Etsu," she Bald, "you should not
talk In this way. Your words are fre
quently very reckless"
"But, honorable grandmother," I per
sisted, "the shrine is being sealed with the
pure paper of protection,"
"Yes," she answered with a little sign,
and said nothing more I did not speak
again, but sat still, watching her with a
troubled heart. Presently ehe straightened
up and turning toward me said slowly:
"Your honorable father has ordered his
household to taste flesh. He believes meat
Is the food to make children as robust ana
wise as the people of tho western sea. The
ox flesh Is to be brought into the house
soon, and we must hasten with our duty to
close the holy Bhrlne from pollution "
THAT day wa ate a solemn dinner with
meat In our soup and no friendly spirits
near us, for both shrines were sealed. We
felt strange and lonely. Of course, grand
mother did not. Join us. She said she would
rather not grow aB big as a westerner nor
as cunning.
THE Introduction of foreign food had a
great deal to do with breaking down the
wall of tradition which shut us away from
the world of the West. After the Restora
tion, which, of course, means the fall of
feudalism, the great majority of wealthy
ramural suddenly found themselves separat
ed entirely from the system which had given
them suppott, and yet they were bound as
firmly as ever by the code of ethics whlcn
for centuries had taught them utter con
tempt for money. As a result the land was
flooded, those first years, with business ex
periments, where high class gentlemen at
tempted to imitate tradesmen generally
with disastrous results. ,. .
!i-frTWfav'Vii. TiTfl f-TrfiVrnf - V rriftffti.JITl4Mif ffl MiMiM III ml i
!:''
i ,.
.... . .
INSIST IT ISS A SILLY
friend of my father. He was a man of
good brain, and after several vain attempts
to adjust himself to new conditions and at
the same time, retain his dignltj, ho con
cluded to throw tllgnltv aside and enter
Into somo practical business which wotlla
bring material results At that tim n.ticti
vi.it. being said about foreign food vnd 'ta
usefulness In making people strong ann
act've As Mi Kato owned a gool-sl?ea
estate which at that time noSodj would ac.
cepl even as a gift, he converted It 'nto A
grass-farm, and sent to a faraway coast
fo- some cattle Then with a few -jri
enced men as assistants, he once moio
ventured Into the business world; this Hire
a., a dairy man and a butcher.
THE blue-blood name of Mr Kato did not
harmonize at all with his new occupa
tion, and he was looked upon with a sort
of curious horror. But nevertheless manv
bought and 'ate the meat, and the business
prospered Tho simpler part of his work
the selling of milk was also prosperous,
but it also had serious drawbacks Most oi
the common people believed that cow's milk
would Influence tho nature of those who
drank it, and this caused much gossip Wo
children heard from servants that Mrs
Kato's new-born babj' had a tlnv horn on
Its forehead, and that Its fingers were all
clubbed together like cow's hoofs This
waB not true, of course, but fear Ins a
strong Influence on our lives for happiness
or mlserj-, nnd there was real and
desperate anxiety about many trifling
things In the daily lite of the Kato house,
hold As j'ears passed the trouble did not
lessen Three children died In succession
and the constant friction between old and
new Ideas filled the air with tragedj-.
BUT Mr. Kato was an unflinching tjpe of
man, and being honest In his progressive
Ideas, his active brain thought out a scheme
bj which to broaden the views of his super
stitious family. The majority erf Intellectual
men of that day, though broad thinkers
themselves, allowed the women of the fam
ily to remain narrow and Ignorant; and so
It was that the female members of the Kato
family were In the habit of taking their prob
lems to a certain priestess who was rever
enced for her marvelous supernatuial pow
ers Their faith In her was absolute
One day Mr. Kato called the priestess to
his home, apparently to assist in settling
some puzzling matters. Really It was an
attempt to open tho cyet of his family to
the absurdity of their superstitious belief.
He thought If that could be done that peaco
would come once more Into his home
The priestess went through a very elabo
rate ceremonj-, part of which consisted In
falling into a trance and interpietlng mes
sagesysuppoied to come from unseen friends
In the spirit world While she was In this
state Mr Kato asked her many questions,
the answers of which were well known to
the family. At first the replies weie only
vague, hut gradually, by skillful leading on
his part, they became more direct ; but they
were unsatisfactory and even untrue. Finally
the spirit messages from the revered ances
tors became so absurd that the entire family
was aroused. The children were startled,
the gentle wife was puzzled and grieved and
the poor old grandmother shocked bejond
w ords.
REFORMERS sometimes us"e cruel methods.
No rnvii could have greater love and re
spect for a parent than Sir. Kato had for
his mother, but this experience saddened and
shortened her life A Japanese woman knows
only one way to right a wrong, nnd that la to
sacrifice hetself The brave woman sickened,
refused till medicine, and soon was laid to
rest vvltl. the ancestors whose dignity and
honor she nau died to uphold.
THIS tiagedy, over what to an American
seems a trifle, is only one of many during
the lasf decade In Japan. To a greater or
less extent, It has been tho experience of al
most every family that has drifted from old
to new In Ideas and customs, And amusing
as. It may appear to an American, mere of
these tragedies than can be readily believed
have been due to the Introduction of meat.
Now things are more settled. Meat Is hot
yet eaten universally, but even In the Inte
rior It is no longer looked upon with horror
and loathing. It Is found In all restaurants
and hotels, it la eaten dally in many homes.
ss.
and in Toklo there is scarcely a block that
does no nave us mue "AiKuya. wnere meat
UadaHaHMraaaaal.aHHaakl.
I ' W "4"'BLLw sfs afifllHrLaawiaBa'l iSkQaV'.P V t
l v. aff3a0EisaB vaLLLB sTsjaWaaal Br TW:aB- JM mJittBfl t ,Bsllllll 1 .t aBkM " J
0
... -. - ., i MMMMMM i
WAR!"
;-"
The Heavenly Hills of
Holland
Tlin heavenly hills of Holland,
How wondrouslj- they rise
Above the smooth green pastures
Into the azure skies!
.With blue nnd purple hollows,
With peaks of dazzling snow,
Along the far horizon
The clouds are marching slow.
No mortal font has trodden
The summits of that range,
Nor walked those mjstlc valleys
Whose colors ever change;
Yet we possess their beauty,
And visit them In dreams,
While tho tuddy gold of sunset
Trom cliff and tanjon gleams. ,
In days of cloudless weather
They melt into the light:
When fog and mist surround us t
Thej'io hidden from our sight;
But when teturns a season
Clear shining after rain,
While the northwest wind is blowing,
We see the hills again.
The old putch painters loved them,
Their pictures show them clear,
Old Hobbema and Rujsdael, '"
Van Goj-en nnd Vermeer.
Abovp the level landscape, ' 4
Rich polders, long armed mills, '
Canals and ancient cities,
Float Holland's heavenly hills.
Henry van Djke, in "The Red Flower."'
Obeyed the Injunction
The Smiths had a hen which insisted upon
neglecting her comfortable nest to lay a dally
egg In the coal cellar. "
"I can't think," fretted Mrs Smith, as she
and her small son John together hunted for
that particular egg, ' w by this one hen insists
upon using the coal cellar." '
"Whj-, that's easj, mother," exclaimed'
John. "I suppose she's seen the sign, 'Now
Is the time to lay In your coal.' " Pittsburgh '
Chronicle-Telegraph
Many a bitter battle is waged by the
war gardener in Hoe Man's Land.
1
What Do You Know?
QUIZ
1, Wlint U u "coYUisniun"?
2, Mho Is (icnernl (lOuraud?
S. ume the author of "SwUs rsmUr Robin
son." 1. What Is a Munchausen tale?
5. Mho la Doctor von Iliissarek?
0. What Is a service flag?
1. Mho la the queen ot ItaUT
8. VVhut is the capital and what Is the largest
dry ot Alabama?
y. What Is (he strength of an armr division
. In the United Mates and abroad?
10. IVhat Is the correspondlnc armr rank ef a
toinmandrr In the iJnltxl States narx?
Answers lo Yesterday's Qui
1. Gcnrce II. Roberta la the British Minister !
of Labor.
2. Cettinje Is the capital of .Montenegro. f
3. i.eneral S. It. M. Young, re 1 1 red i la the
former chief of staff of the United 8 tales
armr. He san distinguished aerrlce In
the HpanUh-Amertcan war. He adrocatea
an American righting army of 3,000,000.
4. The Cadet party In Russia la that of the
Constitutional Democrats. The name la
a coined word from Ihe "K and D" which
are the Initials of-the two words of tha
party name in Russian.
6. The heir to the throne ot Italy U styled
"the rrlnre of niles." ,
0. Ilenrlk Ibsen, Norwegian dramatist. Is the
author of ,! Woll'a House," a play which
was revolutionary In Its turning of the
stage from romance to realism. (.
7. The tioiinit Pretended l'rlnce Charles Kdward'
Htuart, whose partlaamt plotted for hlsr
restoration to the throne of Knxland.
8. Hiienos Alrea and Bio do Janeiro are the
largest cities of Mouth America.
9. Kin press Zlta. la the spouse of Bmperor CarK
Francis or Austria. Hhe Is a descendant'
of the a pies Uoqrbous, formerly, a rutins
house. ' '
I to, "Ood help mel Sir own children liar; rarsakea J
"001 help met Mr own children liar; forsakes
raa anra isy eaanea is ew is at.
4
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