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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, July 31, 1918, Night Extra, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1918-07-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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'irj. i
ry-' ,M
Euentna Buhltc Sleftcjer
THE WEATHER
NIGH'
Washington, July 31 Cloudy and
cooler tonight; Thursday, fair and
EXTRA
warmer in western portion; north winds.
I TEMrEHATt'Kn AT RICH HOUR
18 1 9 110 I 11 I 12 I II 2 1 3 1 4 1 51
THE EVENING TELEGRAPH
IS7 1 67 I bs I r8 I fir. I ce i r,m i
VOL. IV. NO. 273
Publlthed Dally Exriit Sunday. Sutmcrlptlon Price! 10 . Yer by Mall.
Copyright, 1S18, by the Puuuo Ledger Company,
PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, JULY 81, 1918
Entered Second Claaa Matter at the. ronlonlce at Philadelphia, Pa.
Under the Act of March 8, 1870.
PRICE TWO CEI
;-w?
i
J4
CITIES LACK
POWER TO FIX
TRANSIT FARE;
Never Had Such Right,
Says Public Service Com
mission Ruling
u,- -
DECISION GIVEN ' '
IN LAKE ERIE CASE
1 . -
Announce Tomorrow if War
Board Will Take Up
P. R. T. Dispute
WILL CONSIDER REPORT
May Let Company and Em
'ployes Adjust Their Dis
pute Themselves
Municipalities in Pennsylvania do
not now have, nor have they ever had,
the power or authority to regulate the
rates of a public utility.
This was the announcement today
of John S. Rilling, of the Public Scrv-,
ice Commission, In the caso of the
Buffalo and Lake Erie Traction Com-
pany.
In this case the commission held
that an lnterurban electric railway
company might increase its rates be
yond the five-cent fare limit when
necessary to obtain sufficient revenue
for operating expenses and to return
to the stockholders a reasonable proflt.
At the same time announcement
was made in Washington that the nu-
Atlonal war labor board expected to
Intake known 'its decision in the contro
versy between the Philadelphia Rapid
Transit Company and its emplovos
over wages and hours of employment.
The decision announced today by
Mr. Rilling, which has a State-wide ap-
plication, is taken in some quarters to
mean that the commission will permit'
advances of tariffs on street i ar lines
wherever the companies are able to
prove they are not maKing u uir ie
turn on money Invested.
May Hold Hearing
If the war labor board decides to
lakf. tnrlMlletloii In the local contro
versy it will then hold hearings. Should
IhA hnnrrl 1pltll lint tO tllllO a liallll,
I-.the P. It. T and the trolleymen will
mr have to settle their nuariel between
iii themselves.
The war labor board has been trying
, loi decide this question :
"If a strike Is called by the officials
of, the Carmen's Union, vlll enough of
the street railway" employes quit work to
tie up the P. R. T. so that it will be
Unable to-render suHdent street car
service to carry Industrial workero to
the plants working on Go eminent war
work?"
A special investigator was bent to
Philadelphia to gather Information The
board spent part of today going oxer
this information.
' If it Is decided to set hours and
wages for the Philadelphia trolleymen.
1 the bpard will summon officials of the
P. R. T. .and the employes to testify.
No decision announced today by Mr.
lulling was' given on the cpmplainto
' made by Northeast Borough, Harbor
Creek and Northeast townships, Erie
-County,, and bj the course of which a
physical valuation of the company's
properties in this State was made by
the commission's engineers. It follows
. closely upon the Wllkinsburg case,
wherein the comm!sst6n held that It
could take jurisdiction In a complaint
that a fare specified In a franchise or
dinance had been exceeded.
, The. commission's ruling, which gives
the result of an exhaustive study of
...1,1. a ibplins that rates on.other lines
' radiating out of Erio are Tilgher ; tharf
.not enough has been set aside out or
earnings for depreciation and that there
was no evidence offered that the increase
k was discriminatory.
Commissioner Rilling supplements
the decision with a concurring opinion
In the course of which he says:
The municipal consent provided by
the constitutional"' provision Is merely
the acquiescence by the municipality to
fh doing of that which the company
through its charter has a legal rlghC to
do. The consent does not give an iota
of additional power to the company to
construct its line. Municipali
ties in Pennsylvania do not now have nor
have-they ever had the power or author
ity to regulate the rate of a public
utility."
,He also says that the Public Service
Commission "Is armed with the un
abridged police power of Che State," and
that no rate regulations can Interfere
"with the proper exercise by the com
mission of the rate regulating authority
delegated to it" by the Public Service
Commission law.
PRffARETJT ACT IN SIBERIA
japau and China Planning for
joint intervention
By the Associated Press
Pari July 31. General army staffs
at Toklo and Peking are preparing plans
for joint action under the agreement be
tween China and Japan for action in
Siberia.. . ...,.,-,
The Chinese ambassador to France
declares that China has no Intention to
encroach upon the Internal affairs oi
Siberia or Russia, bm Is Inspired by the
principle of self-determination for na
tionalities. He says that this right was
denied China by Germany.
i, '
s Suipect Boy Was Kidnaped
Mooaca, r July 31. Beaver County
detectives and a posse of citizens are
searching for Herman Vail Speyerer,
eight-Year-old son of Charles Speyerer,
ofO-ennsy'vanta avenue, and a nephew
-of Judge George A. Baldwin. Beaver
County, who disappeared Monday night
while playing on a publlo highway
near his home. The police believe the
boy may have been kidnapped by a
band of gypsies seen passing through
Monaca Monday evening.
FAIR ENOUGH
Cloudy, and cooler tonight;
Warmer fomorroto in west;
North winds, moderate, lights
, pa(r you may guess at. the rest,
Bntt nil innether:
Wvr63irKr.-A!
S-aaaai
)
',.
!. '?.'"..
,r.s
ON CITY'S HONOR ROLL
Lieut. Thurston E. Wood (top),
1908 Shunk street, has been killed
in action. Private Ralph W. Camp
bell '(middle), of 5215 Warren
street, has been severely wounded.
Captain E. T. Precper (bottom),
2307 Frankford avenue, is now a
prisoner in a German camp at
Cessel
LIEUT. T.E. WOOD,
WAR HERO, SLAIN
South Philadelphia!!, Cited
for Braver, Dies on
Battlefield
3 FROM HERE WOUNDED
Two soldiers of the Philadelphia dis
trict, one an officer, have been "killed in
action against the Germans, one Is miss
ing and three were severely wounded,
according to today.'s casualty list an
nounced In Washington. The local
casualties are listed as follows:
KILLTD IN ACTION
Lieutenant Thurston K. Wood, 1908
Shunk street. '
Private J. Y. Dellaven, Conshohocken.
MISSING IN ACTION
Sergeant William Harry Thorpe, 505
West. Seventh street, Chester.
WOUNDKD SEVERELY
rrlvte Daniel Anthony Ilraillej", Jr.,
656 North Forty-fourth street.
rrliate Ralph William Campbell, 521f
Warren street.
Private Henry Gllnon, 708 North
Eighth street.
Private Ie Haven, who today Is re
ported killed In action, was reported
missing In action several days ago.
i Captain E. T. Presper, United States
Medical Reeerve office, .2307 Frankford
avenue, who was reported a prisoner
some time "age, has been located In the
German prison camp at Gessel. His
whereabouts has been unknown until
today, where a cablegram was received
from General Pershing.
Wood Cited for Bravery
News of the death of Lieutenant
Wood was received by ills mother from
the War Department, Ho was the son
of Captain Albert Norton Wood, U. S. N.
Lieutenant Wood was a graduate of
West Point in the class of 1918. His
class graduated nine months ahead of
schedule.
He sailed for France last January
with the Twelfth Field Artillery and In
June was cited for bravery, after having
braved, ,the dangers of heavy, shell fire
to save a wounded French soldier. He
was twenty-one years old and unmar
ried. Privates Bradley and Campbell were
"pals," both being members of Company
M, old Sixth Pennsylvania Infantry,
now the JUth tInfaiu)ry. They enlisted
within a few days of each other last
year Campbell June S3 and Bradley
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GERMAN CHIEF
IN UKRAINE IS
SLAIN BY BOMB
Field Marshal Von Eieli
I horn and Adjutant Assas
' sinatcd at Kiev
j BOLSHEVIK REGIME
NEARING ITS END
Workmen and Peasants Re
ported About to Rise
Against Reds
ENVOYS DENIED REFUGE
Embassies of Allies Not Per
mitted to Remain in
Archangel
By the Associated Press
Amsterdam, July 31.
Field Marshal von Elchorn, the Ger
man commander in the Ukraine, and
Ills adjutant, Captain von Dressier,
were seriously wounded by a bomb In
Kiev Tuesday, and died that night,
says an offlcia announcement re
ceived here from the Ukrainian capi
tal. The bomb was thrown at the men
while they were driving to their head
quarters from the Casino.
It was thrown from a cab -which
drove eloso to their carriage as they
were approaching the field marshal's
residence.
Sent to Kill Field Marslial
The assassin of Field Marshal von
Elchhorn was a lad of twenty-three.
He declared at the Inquiry held after
tho crime, the advices state, that ho
camo fiom the Province of Ryazan,
adjacent to Moscow, on orders from
a Communist committee, to kill tho
field marshal. He reached Kiev yes
terday. Von Elchhorn wa& the second Ger
man emissary to be slain in Russian
tenltory slnco peace has been nomi
nally established there. Count von
Mlrbach, the German ambassador at
Moscow, was assassinated July fi, but
Germany took no action against tho
Bolshevik Government, holding mat.
the assassination was inspired by En
tente Allied agents who sought to in
volve Germany and Russia in new
hostilities.
Political Storm Brewing
Telegraphing from Kiev (date not
,?iven), tho Hamburg Frendenblatt's
correspondent in the Ukraine says:
"A heavy storm cloud has gathered
on tho political horizon In the
Ukraine. The Government Is trying
to ward off this threatened unrest by
making arrests on a large scale. M.
Gyzicki, Secretary of State of the Het
man's Government, who is an out
spoken monarchist, was among those
Gener.il von Elchhorn had a bril
liant career in the German army. He
played an important rolo in tho de
velopment of tho German military
machine and was one of tho first com
manding generals to use the tele
i,n in iiirocfitiL' nnerations of trools
in tho field. He demonstrated the
practicability of the telephone during
the Prussian army maneuvers in Sep
tember, 1905.
When the great war broke out he
was assigned to the Russian front,
where he tfook part in several cam
paigns. His work attracted much
favorable attention, nnd he was in
command of the German arnjy which
captured the Russian stronghold of
Kovno in August. 1915. For this
achievement ho was awarded the
Order of Merltby Emperor William.
He continued to direct operations in
southern Poland until Russia's col
lapse. In Anrll. 1918. he was sent to
Ukrainia by Germany to supervise the
establishment of a government for
the new republic.
General von Elchhorn was born on
Februarv 13. 1848. at Breslau. He
received .his education at Breslau nnd
in the military school at Berlin. He
entered the army in 1866, being as
signed to the artillery. During the
period between 1900 and 1914 he held
commands at numerous places, nota
bly at Saarbruecken and Frankfort.
Ho is survived by a widow, one son
and one daughter
By the United Press
Amsterdam, July 31. Three Russian
Grand Dukes, one of whom is believed
to have been Grand Duke Nicholas,
former commander-in-chief of , the Rus
sian armies, have been executed by the
Continued on Tate Six. Column Sli
GIRL OPERATOR STICKS TO POST
AS TOWER AMD CLOTHING BURN
Heroism of Pennsylvania Railroad Signal Employe Proves
Women Capable of Substituting for Men
in Many Lines
THOUGH the signal tower was burn
ing and her clothing was afire, Miss
Pearl KlM'le," twenty-eight years old, a
signal operator for the Pennsylvania
Railroad on the Radebaugh branch re
fused to leave the place till a substi
tute was sent to relieve her at her
w ork
Mrs Thomas Robins, associate direc
tor o! the woman's division, Committee
on Public Safety, today made public the
story of Miss Hippie's heroism. Just to
refute the Inference that women have
not the strength, nerve and bravery
needed to become efficient In all the In
dustries opening to them because of the
war.
Miss Kipple, who-lives In Hermlnle,
pa was on duty when a hanging lamp
fell. Burning oil was scattered about
the flood. v
MIb Kipple tnrew tne. lamp ott. spu,
l t8""" of the ol,?n hrAdreM,8ettln
Wjmksl xmm
s mMJIIIkSIW
GENERAL VON EICIHIORN
German Field Marshal in. the
Ukraine, who lias been aassinated
DEATH TO FOES,
AIMOF BATTLE
General March Says Hope
of Bagging Enemy
Army Gone
"U. S." FOR ALL FORCES
By the Associated Press
Washington, July 31.
Tho battlo in the Aisne-Marno
salient has developed into a life and
death struggle between tho opposing
armies. More limited objectives the
Germans may have had in launching
their attack at Rhelms, or for which
General Foch hay have aimed in his
counter-thrust, have been submerged
In a greater struggle, the object of
which on each side Is the destruction
of tho opposite army.
This intei pretation of tho battlo
was formerly presented today by
General March, chief of staff in his
mid-week conference with newspaper
correspondents. Whatever was tho
original German purpose or tho hopes
that governed the Allied counter-blow,
he said, it is now"peyfectly ovident
that these have been t-et aside. The
object of each army now is the other
army: each is seeking to kill as many
as possible.
Slip Out of Pocket
In making this announcement. Gen
eral March frankly admitted that the
German resistance in holding apart
the Jaws of the salient had frustrated
any hope of bagging any considerable
portion of the German armies in the
salient.
In two weeks time, he pointed out,
the enemy has had ample time to
withdraw his advanced divisions and
to perfect his defensive positions along
the front now established.
""""" """" statement was ac
cepted as explaining reports that the
Germans have concentrated nearly a
minion men on tnis narrow front, and a
aisciosig the reason for the terrific
lighting In which American forces have
been engaged In the center of the battle
front, where losses have not rvi r,
divert either side from the struggle for
critical positions.
American Bear Uront
The Americans hold the apex of th
Allied drive, the vital point on which
the outcome of the struggle may hinge,
and the fury of the German counter
attacks is uccounted for by this fact
Tho appearance of the all-American
(Rainbow) division, the Forty-second, at
this point was disclosed today.
The German withdrawal since
last Saturday, he added, had reduced
the length of tho line another ten miles
to fifty-four miles. The maximum Ger
man retreat. In the center, is fourteen
miles.
The Third regular division also was
identified as In action at Sergy and
CJerges, where tho crack German
guard divisions have been defeated In
recent fighting by American troops,
Hlx New Dlvialons '
General March announced the for
mation In the United States of six moro
divisions, numbered from 15 to 20 and
to be located at Camps Logan, Tex. ;
Kearney, Cal. ; Beauregard, La. j Trav Is,
Tex.; Dodge, la, and Sevier, S C. As
In the case of the six divisions an
nounced last week, these will be built
around two regular Infantry regiments
in each case,
General March announced also tho
Continued on I'uce Two, Column One
fire to It Fighting the flames, she
called for help, but refused to leave her
post. Neighbors heard her calls and put
out the fire, despite her burns, Miss
Kipple remained on duty till offclals
sent a substitute.
"No man could have done better than
that," declared Mrs. Robblns
MISSION IN GUATEMALA
French Officers Arrive to Train Army
for France
By the Associated Press
Guatemala city. July 31. The French
military mission sent to this country to
assist lu the training of the Guatemalan
army, has arrived
Guatemala has an army of about 8R.
000 men' and when that country Joined
the ranko of the Entente Allies in April
the event was looked upon as one thai
Would give important aid in the tru-
ge aaln8t,Gerrjnyt. t ,
KAISER LETS
DUPES KNOW
HISJEPULSE
Press Prepares Public for
Failure of Manic
Offensive
PROMISES NEW BLOW
ON WESTERN FRONT
Admits "Retiring" to North
as Plan to. Prepare
for Stroke
BEGS FAITH OF PUBLIC
Hypocritical Statement Re
veals Germans Jarred by
Upset of Plans
By the Associated Press
v Washington, July 31
Official dispatches today from France
tell how the Get man high command
has caused to be published In thp
newspapers throughout Germany nn
official statement preparing the peoplo
to accept the defeat In the second bat
tle of the Marne. but renewing the
prome of u decisive blow against the
Anglo-Fiench fiont.
"After several days of desperate at
tempts to attenuate tho gravity of the
defeat of the German arms." say the
dispatches, "Hlndenburg and Luden
doiff have decided to make a full con
fession.
"An official note bearing as title 'tho
situation on the Marne,' published in
about the same terms in all the papers
of the emphe, tries to make the Ger
man public, piofoundly deceived, ac
cept tho total failure of the ambitious
program, which was destined to de
velop into the Investment of Paris and
the ultimate crushing of the military
forces of the Entente.
Admission of Defeat
"Hiiidenhure's defense renews the
promise of a decisive blow against tho
AiibIo-Ftviu'Ii fronf. hut says the
nhvslnirnoiiiv whlrh flio slrueiMfl lire.
scuts on tlie front between Solssons
and Khtims and in the Champagne In
consentient'o of the German attacks
and tho l'raiico-Hrillsli counter-ut
tacits (one must note hero with what
mm tlm American Intervention Is
n.lt,u1l !, !.! In lin ttP.'Aukltv (if
postponing for some tlino tho decisive
blow.
"With this end In view 'new basis
for subsequent operations, proceedings
for deplacements and strategical re
groupings' have to be created. Whilst
awaiting until preparations for future
operations aie completed, they have
been forced 'to retiro in the. northern
direction of the Marne front.'
"How far villi this tctirement be car
ried out?" A retreat of about a dozen
kilometers will perhaps be sufficient.
It Is not thought necessary today that
Hlndenburg should find himself under
the obligation of withdrawing the front
as far back ab the Vctle
Bens for rubllc Confidence
"The German interior front' Is Im
plored 'not to i enounce Its confidence In
our Hlndenburg on account of that '
"The tone of this official noto Is sig
nificant The impression caused In Ger
many by the defeat must have been
very profound, their confidence must
be seriously shaken for tho high com
mand to Follclt and with a sort of hu
mility that Is scarcely habitual to It,
fresh favois.
"The Badlsche Landes Zeltung is try
ing to persuade its readers that the
(lerman retreat was a part of llinden
burc'n plans and that lie In ktlll con
tinuing to Impose his will on liermany's
enemies. In the Frankfurter Zeltung,
Deputy Conrad Haussmann states that
Von Kuehlmann is more popular now
than before his fall."
Still Claim Initiative
The entire German press, the Socialist
Included, Is obediently toeing tho lino
laid down by the German official com
muniques regaidlng the retreat from tho
Marne. This line substantially is that
General Foch's formidable attack to
pinch oft the whole of the German's
Marne salient was in vain, that his
great sacrifices In men have been boot
less und that the initiative remains
with the Germans. To this. It Is added
that the German concentration on a
"shortened chord" means a Btroogor
front.
To the American official report of the
capture ofSeringes-et-Nesles, Sergy and
Roncheres. the Volks Zeltung of Cologne
appends this comment-
"These localities are situated in the
zone evacuated by the Germans days
ago, undetected by the enemy."
PRESIDENT'S WIFE
SPONSOR OF FIRST
HOG ISLAND SHIP
Mr. Wilson Also
Coming
to
Launching Ceremonies
at
Shipyard Monday
Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, wife of the
President, will christen the Qulstconek,
the flrst ship to be launched at Hog
Island. The vessel, a 7500-ton cargo
carrier, will glide from the shipway a
few minutes after noon Monday.
President Wilson also will attend. Be
cause of the President's presence, se
crecy Is being observed about the time
of departure and the route to be taken.
Announcement that Mrs. Wilson would
christen the ship was made at the
Whlto House today
Launching of 'the Qulstconek will bo
the biggest factor in speeding up ship
production throughout the East.
Charles M Schwab, director general
of the Emergency Fleet Corporation,
this afternoon enthusiastically made this
prediction.
The greatest crowd of persons that
.ever saw a launcning win be present
when the first snip leaves way No. 1,
It Is ald there will be 100.000 there.
When you thlnkjof writing,
tblnk of ,WHITWO. Aiv.
A AilT?TTr A
.
OF FERE; ENEMY HURLS FOUR
VAIN ATTACKS UPON OULCHSj
FORMER CZAR WENT TO DEATH
PROPPED UP AGAINST POST
Nicholas in Such Collapse He Could Not Stand When Facing
Firing Squad, Berlin Newspaper
Is Informed
By the Associated Press
Amsterdam, July 31.
Given two hours In which to preparo
for the end, Nicholas Romanoff, former
Russian Emperor, was taken out by exe
cutioners in a state of such collapse that
, It was necessary to prop him against a
post, says the Lokal Anzelger, of Berlin,
which claims to have received from a
high Russian personage an atcounl of
l the Kmpcror's last hour.
j Nicholas was awakened at 5 o'clock
i on the morning of the day of his execu
tion by a patrol of a noncommissioned
1 olllcer and six men. He was told to
dress and was then taken to a room
where the decision of the Soviet council
was communicated to him He was In
formed the execution would bo carried
out In two hours.
The former Kmpcror, It Is added, re
BENNETT IN DARK
ON PARTY FIGHTS
Lieutenant Swears He Did
Not Know Fifth Ward
Faction Affiliations
NEVER USED BLACKJACK
Ry a Staff Correspondent
West Chester, Pa July 31.
Several astounding statements were
made today by Police Lieutenant
David Bennett, as a witness for him
self In tho Fifth Ward conspiracy
case.
"I did not know tho Carey men fiom
the Deutsch men. I did not know
there were two factions in the. Re
publican party In Phlltdelphla.
"Tho Deutsch faction In the Fifth
Ward stood for decency and cleanli
ness In the conduct of the election.
"I really did not know twenty,
seven policemen transfeircd from the
Third District were Caiey men"
They were the more remarkable of
the statements made by Bennett
under a lashing cross-examination by
Assistant District Attorney Taulane.
The Lieutenant was plainly nervous,
and often stammered while leplving
to Taulane. He was Just as emphatic,
however, In his strenuous denials of
the Commonwealth s evidence as was
Isaac Deutsch yesterday.
Bennett gave himself a clean bill of
health as a police commander.
He didn't mingle in ward politics, ho
never blackjacked or clubbed anv one
during his entire police cai ecr, was
his contention.
In describing the raid on "Battling1
Abe" Cohen's poolroom, he admitted
Cohen was battered by police black
jacks, but not by him. as the prosecu
tion witnesses testified.
Denies Dlackjacklnc Cohen
Lieutenant Bennett's raid on "Bat
tling Abe" Cohen's poolroom, September
5 last year, had a conspicuous place in
the Commonwealth's testimony. Attorney
Gray tried to minimize the significance
of the raid. Here ly what Bennett had
to say of the occurrence:
"I did not use a blackjack on Colun.
I never ued a blackjack or a police
club on any one In my life. I did not
smash Cohen's show case The case may
have been broken, but If It was, my foot
or knee was knocked against the case
Continued on Pace Mi. Column Het en
CZECHO-SLOVAKS CAPTURE IMPORTANT BR1PC- "
LONDON, July 31. The enpttue by too CzecUo-Glovnl.-s in
a surprise atack of a laige'iailvvay budge at Syzrain, in the V-mc.-region,
is repoited in a Moscow dispatcli tiniismitted by the Ccn
tinl News coi respondent at Anvteulnnt. This c.iptuie, the
message says., secuies. to fte Czecho-Slovnks in This region com
munication with Siberia,
FRENCH WAR WIDOWS SEEK HELP OF POPE
ROME, July 31. Two hunched tthousaiul Fiencli w i
widows, lepiesented by members of the old Ficuc'a sub 1 1
toCfty nUclres-ed the Pope, asking- his help and a benediction
behalf of theii fntheiless chihiien. Amojig the lendris who tai.
here wcie the Duchess of Deohad, the Princess of Cl u.v nt nn
TonneftuCj the riincess Depopicha? and the Piinccys alu. .
NO PEACE OFFER TO ALLIES
Balfour Denies Enemy Has Made
Any Proposals
By l7ie (jnited Press
London, July 31. No enemy Govern
ment has approached the Allies on the
subject of peace, Foreign Secretary A.
J. Balfour declared today In the House
of Commons. ,
It was recently reported that German
peace agents were working In Spain to
approach tho Allies
British Casualties Decrease
London, July St. British casualties
reported during July totaled 67,:01. This
compares with total casualties reported
In June of 141,147' The losses for July
are divided as follows: Killed or died
of wounds Officers, 5!1 : men, 8474.
Wbunaed or missing Officers, 1537;
men, 68,759
7C TJrkT FV T?TT3AT 17 A OT
. L iJ'ft.
ceived tho announcement of the i
of d(ath with great calmness
sentence
great calmness He re
turned lu his bedroom and collapsed In
a chair. After a few minutes he asked
for a priest, with whom he was allowed
to remain unattended Subsequently he
wrote several letters
When the escort arrived to take him
to the place of execution, Nicholas at
tempted to rise from his chair, but was
not able The priest and a soldier were
obliged to help him get to his feet.
The condemned man descended the stairs
with difficulty, and once he fell down
As he was unablo to Bland without
support when the place of execution was
reached, he was propped against a post.
He raised his hands, and seemed to be
trying to speak, but the rifles spoke, and
he fell dead.
ENEMY ROUTED
BY U.S. BAYONETS
Prussian Shoe k Troops
Beaten in Fierce Hand-
to-Hand Fighting
YANKEE WOUNDED SLAIN
By EOWIN L. JAMES
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledge.
ropuriaht. ijs, bu Xrw York Timet Co.
With tho American Army, July 31.
Sergy changed hands nine times In
twenty-four houis. That tells tho
story of the bitter fighting when the
German command threw, two fresh
guard divisions against tho Ameri
cans north of the Ourcq Monday in
an endeavor to put then! back across
the stream.
The result may bo best told by say
ing that the Americans are not only
on the north side of the Ourcq, but
in positions further advanced than
when the Crown Prince hurled his
violent attacks against our line Mon
day. At least one German division
was rendered flghtless for some time
to come.
Had the Americans not held back
these fighting Piusslans the French
would not have been able to make
their advance north of Fere-en-Tar-denois
and also on our right.
The Prussia! and Bavarians now
trying to hold back the Americans
were brought hurriedly from the rear
where they had been held to make an
attack against the English, prepara
tory to the Crown Prince's grand drive
in August,
Beat Kaiser's Best Troops
It should be a source of the greatest
pride to America that fler youthful
soldleis are uble to hold their own
against the Kaiser's best shock troops,
for Riich the Prussian and Bavarian
guaids are.
At Sergy was an American division
which met the Fourth Prussian guard
division. The result speaks for Itself.
As told In these dispatches yesterday.
It was part of the German plan to
stand on the north bank of the Ourcq
and hold tho Americans while tho
withdrawal behind the lines was made
more easily. Tho charge of the Amer
icans across the river on Sunday, in
which they took Serlnges and Sergy
Continued on I'aire Kleien. Column Tho
FLIES TO COMMONS SEAT
General Davidson Takes Oath,
Goes Dack to Front
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
London, July 31, According to the
morning Post, Major General Davidson,
who has been elected for the Fareham
division In place of Lord Lee, has lett
general headquarters In France by air
plane, motored from his landing place to
Westminster, took the oath and sat In
the House of Commons a while. Then he
went back as he had come and was
probably on duty again, while the House
was still talking about national ship
yards. He was anxious to take his seat before
recess, could get only a few hours off,
and there was no, other way to come.
Sft
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All Assaults
i
WEDGE PERn; i
V
.
vts
Violent Fightine Raees riflR'.f&J
- w f i ft FA
Right Bank of the
Ourcq River
U. S. SPEARHEAD DMVEtf
TO DEPTH OF TWO MILES B
5.
Allied Flankinc Movement's' -A
Tl .. . 17 !. T. . 5 rfi &i
Auicuicns to envelop forces ,trlis
of Crown Prince
NEW RETREAT IS NEAR
Persbing Soldiers at Apex of
Long Front Won by -Foch
:
By the Associated Press
Paris, July 31.
American troops maintain their post- ,? ,"$J
tl In !. I C I "a' ..'i.el
.... ,4, mc ic!uii ui oeringm-v-t 'v;j
-cMies wnicn iney earned alter ,?
violent fighting, according to an otR'-m
cmi siatement irom tne war Office, to- t"i
day- M
Tho Germans made four attack it J?
against the new French positions ea fj
Of OuIchv-lp.Phntpnii. Thiiw omm; wSit& -S
pulsed and the French line was h)rp 1
Intact. tfflf
On the right bank of the OurW?T?J
there were violent combats cut.r'st ,iX ;
Fere-en-Tardenois. . ,AMh$,
Tha l?.Annli nn.1 .!. ''-- -1
- ... - i.ttvit l,v UIU UtIIIUIMUi.1
riea oui raias ai a numoer or o
points on sectors easCxJktGl'
the Marne sallenfjt there)'
chango in the general situation!
these points. f S.
The statement sajtef $
"After a heavy bombardment thJ
Germans ntacked the new Fjrench
positions east of OuIchy-le-Chateatl.
Our troops repulsed four enemy a
saults and maintained their lines In
tact. 4
"On the right bank of the Ourctj
there were lively combats northeast Of
Fere-en-Tardenois. The village of
Seringes et-Xesles passed from hand to
hand, but was finally taken by Ameri
can troops in a counter-attack.
"A number of raids were made by
the Germans near Mesnll-St. Georges,
west of Montdldler; in La Pretre
wood on right bank of the Meuse
and in the Vosges. (Americans are
holding part of theso lines. They,
were without result. Our troops
made a succesful incursion Intq thti
German lines northeast of Perthes? ,
les-Hurlus (In the Champagne) and'"
brought back prisoners." ,
Tho newspaper Echo de Paris said'
today that a semiofficial note emanat
ing from Hlndenburg and Ludendorff '
declared tho German command had
been compelled td postpone for some"
timo the decisive blow against tho '
French and British, owing to the ne
situation.
French aerial observers, 6ays the
Matin, report that there are signs be
hind the present German battlefront
of preparations for a continuation of
the retirement northward. The enemy
is destroying much material ana; bijifj
fires have been seen.
By the United Press
London, July 31.
Heavy fighting at various points on
the Solssons-Rhelms salient, with
Americans east of Fere-en-Tardenoto
holding the heights beyond Serlnges
and Sergy, was reported in dispatches ' -52
here early today. . - 5!
(American positions beyond Seringes
ana sercv are at me point 01 ine iar-i tr,
4V.AC, Alllail nl.nnna tntnawl IHiii.tM, M. .A.
w.coi nmcu au.u.iwc bunaAU j: 04,v,, ' Vwi4fl
the Important German strategic center 3rSjHfJJ
on the Vesle River. Serlnges is about $8
ten miles from Fismes.) j1- $6 Ilk
n..Hn ....Ik. .lA AUIa.4 nn1.H ' V
as being delivered in "dense, stormiiHrJ Sa
waves." it claimed aereat ot Amen-
.... I.-....., nl. .. .. .1 O.l.lnl. nnnlnl.Mli.B
and asserted the battle decreased-.in,'." l!i
violence arter tnee compats. - fti
By the Associated Press . &$$$iy
Washington, Jul ?l,yn
Through attacks by American troop .yf; -7
In the vicinity of Sergy. southeast?, 0J4
Fero-cn-TardenoIs, the German line JS
lilt ouibauiiB-xvut-iiua aaiiciii. utta vwm r .'.
,1pnd 1n the ilpnth of nearlv tlrn. T.
,. , . .u. ... . .,.. " i-r: -f-x
nines, mm in uw ucw ui ..mM3r-.wF--!V
servers here General Foch has pilif7"
the preliminary step 'toward fereiitfT
another withdrawal of the GeraftM.-'-Ov
frtn.i TiavAtnnrr-ipnr ) flnnlr .ftuaci "
.W..V-M . ,-...-..- ........ ,Yf.
tions by French troops on the
by the British on the east
Dectcd by officials here today;
such flank operations be successful i
the American forces be able, to'
the r ground, the enemy would
the choice, it is believed, bet
withdrawal or envelopment of1-"
forces from one side or tho otaif -j
Hie rtllicj nun piniucau.
The American thrust to the Berth
of Sergy. which officials believe wff.
ranit mgu in ji.itierig.iii iiiiiiigry j
tory when full details are known, '
considered toaay as not alone J
suit or American dash and I
oslty, but as having a etHtf
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