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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, July 31, 1918, Night Extra, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1918-07-31/ed-1/seq-8/

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THUS H. it CUnTiar PDiiT
H. Ludlngton. Vice Presldenti Jnhn C
Mgrtary and Treasurer: Philip S. Collins,
'.(Williams. John J. Spurgeon, Directors.
so ii n I. i '
' i i ", a?T EDiToniAL noAHD:
r. x,ctcs ir. K cons, chairman
B.p.MlLET. . .( w.
'C.''MAnTlN.. ..Qcneral lluetness Manager
3aiAL ' ' i ' ' i ' ' ' ' , '
Motioned dally at Penile Lrwnto Uulldlns.
j innepenaence square, i-nuaticipma.
Ml CXJNTJuL....lroad and Chestnut Streets
Prra-tlnioi Multiline
. KOSK..
.2011 Metropolitan Tower
tn.i 'ord lluildlne
inns rullerton lluildlne
, ..1SIW Tribune Uulldlnc
ifr r ft-ty. NEWS DimuAua:
f(S;,Vo, jf.'-E. Cor. Pennsylvania Ave. nnd 14th, St.
PAijWOfoK IlBkEAf Ilic Sun Uullitinc
.ftJVipo: Bcarjtu London 2
l"-.tv''Vi' , sunscniPTioN Tnmis
-v'lfha'Knu.'iKn PeaLm I-edoe!! Is scrvej to
flttsjcrtfiOTa ' in Philadelphia and surrounding towns
ji-sk mo rate 01 twelve ti.i icnn i"'r ivet'ii. i'ojuuw
Pj'iRKimair to' points putsldo of I'hlladelphla. In
4.ttii uniiea Misiest (.nnnnn. or i nueu .-.ihicj. i--
TM-tafncrn fr. flftv (Mil rnti twr month.
i dollari per ar, panblo In n.Uance.
It fnlfn .nnntrlau .ma l!tl I ilnll.ir rif-r
-;wf ..-to . all
m'ii' Nnrtrn-54uhiirrllw.rn wlnhlnir stldress chanced
E&Xiust Kc old as well as new tiddrcss.
gffi Btl,I,.,JXI0 VAL-MT
kM.TCrE. MAIN 3000
JE?" Atfrfrcss all commnutcnffoin to ;rcjilrti; 'tibHo
f?AAted5'i Jidrpewdfjicc A'auure, l'hlladclliltta.
n Mernbcr of the Associated Press
, JTltB ASSOCIATED PliCSS is exclu-
!tCrty eritHIed fo J.'io tisc for republication
.&). J7 on iervj atspaicicj ciraura io u or :iot
E3jfJkertc(8 credited In tiM pojicr, and aso
..iin lialits of renublicatlcn of special d(u-
Kf pafehes herein 'are also leseri-ed.
rt Phlldlplili. BVdnnd.y. Julr 31. 1918
' -, :
tTtRlTEUS who nrf never hanny unless
lit S.V.V they' are sail and other who believe
It Ctlibl . li .. ...lit Un .... nnl tlirnltrVl
a HI1U Ui ll LTU III Jlll. U"'lh
kfcJiwmieft aouse ot tne Anminisirnimn are
?aKln confusing tho public mind with rlls-
B !.-.i ..ll , . .1.- .!
S failure of the Havlland type ot battle-
(,V plahe In trials nt the front.
,jf Tho Havlland plane Is the type now In
fr cnirintltv- nrndnptlnn. Tf It hnd develnned
serious defects the situation would have
F . been'seHous enouch. It Is noticeable that the
' .'.faults attributed to the machine have not
".been described or defined. General 1'er-
pL. ahlne lias cabled askltm that a great num-
kf uu UL lllv iiuviiuiui jiuu iiuiu tie i uizvu
Kjf to 'iTrAnce In Aucust. This would indl-
iffi MAfA fViflf at tti ntllfn 1 rtnfrtnl a ii'Vilnli m
is, :""" """ -"--. .r a,
liiuvc utrun revealed in ai'iiuu ii.iiiie prac
tlceTvera pf a superficial nature and that
ihe necessary changes already have been
? The Liberty motor, America's contrlb.i
tlon'to tho science of war aviation, is now
Iooked"'upon as the best In tho world. The
faults 'of, the Havlland plane, therefore,
could not1 be with the eimine.
. -s 'Some- of the men who were so eager to
jtart a ficht In the trouble zone downtown
." could vflnd better uses fothelr energy In the
w: ; - - -
miMB''tvas when Aueust lav In the cal-
Mt sndar's doldrums. Deeds may have
ben"drearrfed. but verv few wprn ee.
iWcuted'''lh, tfie languors of that vacation
k"saeason. Generals Humldltv and Hent held
h rMHna)v Kven now they mill sum
mdJrBBel? battalions, but their demands
to.Btack.' activities are iiulto unheeded.
:Buch orders have been futile since 191 -J.
Then the Hun struck and sought to . rush.
"France bent, but did not break, llritain
espoused liberty. Actions to establish ftee
dom', opposing ones' to assert tyranny
raged for three subsequent Aui?'Mt.
Their magnitude, unmeasured by prece
dent, must yet palo before what inav in-
K1 deejlbe the most terrific mont'.. in history.
luf Neither5 liberty nor oppression was ever
Bu BuiJcruiy uruieu.
tV j .C fc.vj-u.0 UUJB l.CIIUll M11U11 UegtllS
ss tomorrow was namen irom the autlior
SjSf of a world peace, Octavius Caesar, called
Augustus. If not, as civilians view him
today",' entirely a model ruler, ho at least
eaVedt many things which right-thinking
humanity still cherishes and some of
Wtych It seeks to retain.
In Tils- time, too, tho menace came from
- the East. He crushed Antony, Infatuated
with, standards of Oriental despotism. He
preserved, certain republican institutions,
to whosfc. principles, more liberally applied,
wo still adhere. Ho established order and
.,a world peace .
, Regnant with .associations Is the name
ofvAugust. Pregnant with deeds will be
this summer of 101S. The orlflamme of
heroism, and It Is to be hoped of triumph,
has replaced the lotus.
Germany finds Constantinople lncon
tant? J
tXTATEIt, murmurs Major Smith in what
" hej, means to bo a gay and good
natured yet grave appeal for Its consena
tlorj, will jiot win the war. And-jet. in
thJj',.tOJft pf tho formal uppeal directed to
.alpsorts ot people, the lifted forefinger of
Mr.. Smith s apparent and there Is an im
ipUcatton that if we do not be careful with
the water the Kaiser may yet be king of
the worjd.
It Is tho Mayor's characteristic fault to
'bo Indefinite.
It pains him, though he
kftk ""doeaa'f jfix'aetly &ay so, to see little chil-
pvW are" '" ,;1B icnuHieiH uisincis spraying
B;frft.. i r'"- ' w rr H . tv 4IJ M(Utl(i4 ill) n"-3
svs 5'" . u.iu.iiiun iu luuuuiuciurers anu
Wt "householders suggests a lot of new slo
jr5ts'an.' TVe may be asked to go bathless
S $ aiyl crush iho Hun! Endure heat pros-y-
.fr-Uotu all ye little children of tho uoor
r7Cni ,ieI' to make tho wtW Bafp for
Eii";dfeocracy I
5RTiater not wln tne war' Xe,thef
FAfjllWlHitalK.. Ana before the World is finally
iJito.'fiae for democracy there must be
pjmj. iiumo in ineiuuus oi municipal
afstratlon in America. Meanwhile
Smith Isn't a convincing pleader
irl conservation, Had ho been frank he
Pt'ps Wl Jiave ueeii more ei
I'-'SW'lrejV' the Mayor
f-jkiirwe', haVen't been wise.
tlirtht have been more effective.
might have said.
We, have been
stew, fearful, stupid at times and lneffl-
f-y We new years agq that there
j;j d erjougn, water to o around.
ive -considered the matter for years
Vet we do not know what" to suggest.
tjiave been too busy1 looking after our
tQ. tliltiK deeply .about the water
r.,;t la your patriotic- duty to en-
ttyjttroke. If you will do this we
j:-tq-jsparo, no sounding phrase to
I ,W,'fpr civilization!,"
M,like this would have rune
t fs)iWfl-lWBknbw-BisilnCr
1U 1 i I lltl "t-.... '.ti'l
" T- -" ,JP B isjM 'i'Vcy-c
.That Is the Plaint With Whtcl Ciy Hall
Atones for a Vanishing Police Force
ji WAS plain more than a year ago
that tho forces of everyday discipline
fn Philadelphia were to be put to a new
test. All sorts of now people from every
part of the country drifted In cap;cr tides
to the war industries. Tho city was
called upon to absorb thousands of men
who had never been accustomed to the
restrictions of life in a crowded com
munity. To nny one who could think at
all it was apparent that friction and irri
tation were inevitable that there would
bo discomfort in many quarters and that
tact and vifrilnnce would be necessary to
ease the situation and establish new
In the face of such circumstances City
Councils and the city administration
airily abandoned the Police Department
to processes of disintegration. It is idle,
therefore, to talk of "race riots" as if
such phenomena wore inevitable and
natural. In tho trouble down town race
antipathies were incidental. FipMs and
shootings followed naturally upon end
less triumphs of bad management in
municipal afTairs.
A riot doesn't begin as a riot. .1 fire
doesn't become a eonflagration until it
ins hnd time to develop. If the police
had been able to act swiftly there could
have been vo spread of the disorder that
now is likely to engender so mueh per
manent dislike in vanoui neighborhoods.
But the Police Department is falling
to pieces.
Captain Mills did his best under the
circumstances with an inadequate force
of men. He has held what remains of
the force together with difficulty. Many
of the best men in the various districts
have resigned the service to find the
living wages which Councils refused to
grant them. The municipality, in its
relations with the police, has proved the
most backward employer on lecord.
While every privately conducted business
revised its wage schedules to meet the
imperative needs of the time, the city left
the police to be squeezed on the one hand
by politicians and on the other by rising
costs of living. Mr. Gaffney, the direct
ing genius of the Finance Committee of
Councils, who answered tho logical wage
demands of the police with platitudes;
the Mayor, who pollyannaed and talked
of patriotism to hide his confusion; tho
members of Councils themselves and the
people at large, who permitted an es
sential public service to be disrupted,
nre morally responsible for the riots and
the killings in the downtown section.
Every big industry recently estab
lished in or near Philadelphia has per
ceived the danger which the city itself J
has refused to recognize, and has taken
pain, to increase its police guard. -The
Mayor seems content to "call in the ma
rines." When vice fj-ot beyond his con
trol because of corruption in the Police
Department he called the marines. jVoie,
having pet mitt cd the Police Department
to drift to chaos, he again calls the ma
rines to settle a minor outbreak among
disorderly men who might have been
rounded up and jailed in an hour if the
police force was adequately organized
with men of the required type.
No qualified workman in any industry
is .asked to work nowadays for the wages
paid by the city to even the best of its
policemen. The most capable men ht-e
been quitting the force in droves. Those
of the better type who remain retain
their places largely because they do not
wish to lose their rights under the police
pension system. The wonder is that tho
trouble wasn't even more serious.
Mr. Gaffney and the Mayor alike told
the truth recently when they said in an
swer to repeated appeals that there was
no money with which to increase the pay
of policemen. There isn't any money
r.vailable. But Mr. Gaffney and the
Mayor did not provide for increases
when there was time to do so.
The Hungarian newspaper Magjga
roszaka reports that deaths In Budapest ex
ceed births. The tlieoiy that some of tho
fatalities came from lockjaw seems tenable.
ICIU" it not for the war the plans for
'" th
he Introduction of tlarj schools Into
the public educational sjsteni of Phila
delphia doubtless would have held tho
eager attention of must 'of tho citizenry.
There would have ben meetings and
speeches and. perhaps, public celebrations
v hen the experiment began in a small
way. And if we did not have so many
other things to be concerned about, the
news that an extensive trial of the (iarj
sjstem must be postponed would be al
most sad enoush for the tolling of mourn
ful bells. .Fo In this case the war delays
a boon that has been watched for in vain
through centuries. Tho Gary system Is
devised to make study pleasant. . It Is a
system for the painless acquisition of
knowledge. It eliminates rod, rush or
Your Gary child goes eagerly to school.
He Isn't harassed by rules of iron and
the shadows of abstract truths which his
soul detests. Everybody who ever went
to an elementary school has felt that there
was something tho matter with it some
thing terribly wrong somewhere. This
was tho conviction lpherited from early
.youth by the captains of Industry who
built the city ot Gary, Ind and set up
a school system unhampered by any of
the rules of tradition. Being wise men,
they knew that all children are alive with
interest and curiosity. They felt that
knowledge packed into- a little -sirl or a
little boy llko potatoes In a barrel isn't
likely to bo .of much service. The Gary
system, therefore, is devised to make
knowledge Interesting, and.lt doesn't ask
any pupil to pass sunny days In a bleak
room with the hated company of dry
Gary children learn. It appears, and
they have a good time 'in a pleasant en
vironment where they are almost their
own bosses, Ifnld a gracious idea.' And
though the' nyirteiu s a, whole 'is still.
'a'B'vnrlm-iir I (ji .'rljiM-Au..-1
Ing to read tho announcement iof Dr. Al
bcrt'II. Rtiub, associate superintendent of
Kchools, that we shall be unnble to give it
a thorough trial beforo next year. Tho
extension of the Gary plan from the one
Philadelphia school. In which it Is now
being tried will bo delayed till Kcbruarj',
1919, because of a war shortage of mate
rial and monej". The humane men who
want1 to see education robbed of Its terrors
will have one moro reason, therefore, to
detest a much-hated Emperor of a far
As a mutter of, fact, the dermans ought
really bo friendly to tho policy of "Pan-
Turkey." They do continually in
lctlmlzlng of that country.
rpillJ chief of the German naval staff,
Admiral von HoltzendorfT, plaintively
laments thnt American transports do not
mil according to a public time schedule,
that they have a fondness for fog banks
nnd an altogether too whimsical way of
.selecting their ports of arrival anywhere
I'ctwpen Scotland nnd the Mediterranean.
We'ie sorry we can't be more open about
this business, but the Hun himself began
the hole-and-corner variety of warfare, and
It we have bettered the instruction he has
only himself to blame.
Two years ngo this verj- naval ofilcer
prophesied that unrestricted submarine
warfare would biing England to her knees
within six months. Fnlluie to make good
-that forecast was followed by the predlc
tlon that U-boats would prevent tho trans
portation of America's army. Today the
admiral Is almost chastened and entirely
apologetic In his admission that "very little
prospect of success is offered by the special
employment of submarines against Ameri
can transpotts."
Confession nf this lctory of bona fide
sr.v power, jointly wielded by tho United
States and niltain, ncr piracy is still more
specifUally analyzed In facts marshaled by
Sir Uric Geildes, First Lord of the British
Admit alt, and Assistant Secretary of the
Navy rtooseeIt. They have disclosed that
but one convoyed vessel in two hundred
falls a victim to the German predatory
campaign, milling that as America con
tinues her stride of naval construction the
percentage of loss will be greatly reduced.
I'p to the present we must thank Btltannla
for two-thirds of the protection to our
ships. Am this ratio goes down many more
opportunities will be provided for offensive
war on the U-boats.
America is hustling on a gigantic scale
to make this possible. Hog Island's first
ship will bo launched next Monday. Some
fifty huccessors nre promised before Jan
uary, and soon after that they are expected
to dip Into tho Delaware nt the rate of
one a day. For tho country as a wholo
a little more than that, rate of production
was established with the fortnight ending
July 23, when fifteen vessels were launched.
It may be predicted that all these com
ponents, present and to come, of the hugest
nrmada In history will be just as wilj as
their older sisters in puzzling with their
devious and cloudy courses the plrato
chieftains. In another half year tho tear
ful Von Holtzendorff will be bewailing the
great superfluity iff foe ships as well as
foe ports. The fashion In which Ger
many's Jeers have turned to jeremiads may
not precisely appeal to her limited sense
of humor, but our Joy in the metamorpho
sis is altcddy becoming justifiably ex
quisite. Philadelphia heat sufferers are entitled
to anj satisfaction they may derive from the
neus that Arizona thermometers have lately
been registering 106 degrees in l'hoen! We
alwaj's Knew It was a fire-bird
' JKFF McI.EMOHE, who has Just been
defeated In tho Democratic primaries
for Congressman in the Seventh Texas
District, had had his way some eighteen
months ngo vessels flying the Stars and
Stripes might be, as they In fact still are,
safely plying between Albany and New
York, Philadelphia and Wilmington, Mem
phis and New Orleans. San Francisco nnd
Sacramento and Buffalo and Duluth. But
not a spoonful of brine would have en
crusted our shy flotillas.
The resolution which this spineless rep
resentative fathered In Congress was
tantamount to an acceptance of Berlin's
arrogant U-boat decree nnd virtually with
held from Americans tho free use of tho
seven seas. Following the richly deserved
defeat of his policy have come some of
America's most glorious days upon the
ocean and an unparalleled development of
our fleet both In trade and war undertaken
In the righteous cause of freedom. Tho
folly of McLemoio's act has been trium
phantly proved by tho success of the
counter course. The penalty for his en
deavors ho has Just paid in a eompleto
political failure
George Sjh ester Vle
Hnw It Work reck, poet laureato of
t h e Bcrmanlacs I n
America, who was secretly endowed by Bern
storff, confessed j'esterdaj" that the Kaiser
spent $50,000,000 for propaganda in America
and "got 'nothing." What the Kaiser didn't
get for his expenditures his soldiers are get
ting now in France.
Tho fuel administra
Wlnnlng tlon has canceled the
the War order under .which
street lights were ex
tinguished on Market and Broad streets to
"save fuel." Tho half-dark streets were
considered dangerous. The fuel administra
tion required two days to learn what almost
any one could have told It in two minutes.
Bear Admiral Wilson,
Kaeh to now commanding our
Ills Own squadron off the
French coast, is said
to be the handsomest rrfan In the United
States navj'. But every mother and sweet
heart of one of our tars may be permitted
to havo her own preference.
Perhaps the Czecho-
.More Power Slovaks are going to
to Them I . be the dark horses of
the eastern situation.
They seem to have a habit of getting over
the ground and doing something when they
get there.
Archangel pops into
ths news only dcca
jffiay, ,but Urf awav.
They're Getting It
A Message for Boonvllle
WHEN" corncob pipes we"nt up, from a
nickel to six cents smoking traditions
tottered. That was a year or .more ago,
but one can still recall tho indignation
written on the faces of nlcotlne-soakcd
gaffers who had been buying cobs at a
Jitney ever since Washington used one to
keep warm at Valley Forgo. If the Kaiser
wants a proof of our determination to
Win the war, let him ponder that the price
of Missouri meerschaums went up 20 per
cent nnd there was no insurrection.
Yesterday we went out to buy our an
nual corncob, and wero agreeably sur
prised to learn that the price Is still six
cents; hut our friend tho tobacconist stld
thnt it mny go up again soon. We took
the treasure, gleaming yellow with fresh'
varnish, back to our kennel, and we are
smoking It as we set down these words.
A corncob Is Badly hot and raw until It
Is well sooted, but the ultimate flavor is.
worth the persecution.
Tho corncob pipes we always buy come
from Boonvllle, Mo., and wo don't see why
we shouldn't b'low a little whiff of affec
tion and gratitude toward that excellent
town. Moreover, Boonvllle celebrates Its
centennial this year: It was founded In
ISIS. If the map Is to be believed. It Is
on the southern bank of the Missouil
Klver, which is there spanned by a very
fine bridge; It Is reached by two railroads
(Missouri Paciilc and M., K. and T.) nnd
stands on a bluff 100 feet above the water.
According to the two works of reference
neatest to our desk, its population Is
either 4252 or 4377. Perhaps tho former
census omits tho 123 men of the town who
are so benighted as to smoke briars or
Delightful town ot Boonvllle, seat of
Cooper County, ou nre well named. How
great. a boon you have conferred upon a
troubled world! Long after more ambi
tious towns have faded In tho memory of
man your quiet and soothing gift to hu
manity will make jour name blessed. I
like to Imagine your shady streets, drows
ing in the summer sun, and the rural
philosophers sitting on the verandas of
jour hotels or on tho benches of Haiiey
Park ("comprising fifteen acres" New In
ternational Encyclopedia), looking out
an oss the brown river and puffing clouds
of sweet gray leek. Down by the livery
stable on Main street (there must be a
livery stable on Main street) I can see the
old creaky, cane-bottomed chairs (with
seats punctured by too much phllosoph)
tilted against the sycamore trees, ready
for the afternoon gossip and shag tobacco.
I can Imagine the small boys of Boonvllle
flbhlng for catfish from the piers of the
bridge or bathing down by tho steamboat
dock (If there Is one), and yearning for
tho day when they, too, will be grown up
and old enough to smoke corncobs.
What Is the subtle magic of a corncob
pipe? It Is never as sweet or as mellow
as a well-seasoned briar, and yet It has n
fascination all Its own. It is equally dear
to those who work hard and thdse who
loaf with intensity. When you put your
nose to the blackened mouth of the hot
cob its odor is i;ulte different from that
fragrance of tho crusted wooden bowl.
There Is n. faint bitterness in it, a sour,
plaintive aroma. It Is a pipe that seems
to call aloud for the accompaniment of
beer and earnest argument on factional
political matters. It Is also the pipe for
solitary vigils of hard and concentrated
work, it is tho pipe that a man keeps
in the drawer of his desk for savage hours
of extra toll after the stenographer has
powdered her nose and gone home.
A corncob pipe Is a humble badge of
philosophy, an evidence of tolerance and
even humor. It requires patience and
good cheer, for it is slow to "break In."
Those who meditate bestial and brutal de
signs against the weak and Innocent do
not smoke It. Probably Hlndenburg never
saw one. Missouri's reputation for In
credulity may bo due to the corncob habit.
One who is accustomed to consider an
argument over a burning nest of tobacco,
with the smoke fuming upward In a
placid haze, will not accept any dogma
too Immediately.
There Is a singular affinity among those
who smoke corncobs. A Missouri meer
schaum whoso bowl is browned and whose
fiber stem Is frayed and stringy with
biting betrays a meditative and reason
able owner. He will havo pondered all
aspects of life nnd be equally ready to
denounce any of them, but without bitter
ness. If you see a man on a street cor
ner smoking a cob it will be safe to ask
him to watch the baby a minute while you
slip around tho corner. You would even
bo safe In asking him to lend you a five,
Ho will be safe, too, because he won't
have it.
Think, therefore, of the charm ot a .town
where corncob p!p6s are the chief Indus
try. Think of them stacked up in bright
yellow piles In the warehouse. Think of
the warm sun and the wholesome sweet
ness of broad acres that have grown into
the pith of tho cob. Think of the bright
eyed Missouri maidens who have turned
and scooped and varnished and packed
them. Think of the airy streets and wide
pavements of Boonvllle, and. tho corner
drug stores with their shining soda foun
tains and grape-juice bottles. Think of
sitting out on that bluff on a warm eve
ning, watching the broad shimmer of the
river slipping down from the sunset, and
smoking a berene pipe while the local
flappers walk In 'the coolness wearing
crisp, swaying gingham dresses. That's
the kind of town we like to think about,
Why They Wanted It
The cause of the trouble between Ger
many and Turkey is said to be the Ger
man demand for the cruiser Hamldleh.
Probably Berlin thought it was something
to eat.
"Children are called upon to deny them
selves the pleasure of bathing In water
from the fire hydrants." -Mayor Smith.
A city that lies between two of the
finest rivers in the country and can't
pump up enough water to keep its chil
dren cool in the dog days had better hunt
for a new administration. i
The village pf Cohan lies just east of
Fere and is right on Pershing's road to
the Vesle.'Even if, our men; dpn'tkiKi,' J
how to w'i'W;tJw.Ar"W
How the Submarines Helped the Red Cross
THK Gownsman is settled, for tho nonce,
land creature that he is, on the edge of
tho sea which laps and swishes Idly a dozen
yards away from him as ho writes. Before
him, soma half mile off, rises n bank It
would be called a cliff were there much stone
in it on the brow of which is a comely
brown lighthouse, from the neighborhood of
which you may look out past a promontory
or two to left and right to the open sea. To
his right, as ho sits here, pen In hand, there
Is a picturesque little fresh-water pond In
which frogs croak by moonlight and terns
noisily rear their broods all daj To his left
lies a stretch of sea, bounded by the coast
line, a dozen miles away, a stretch of water
which the sun gilds and the moon silvers,
which clouds make dapple gray and which
alternate strips of white sand and bottom
grass streak with blue and purple.. This
shining stretch of water Is tho thoroughfare,
north and south, of those who go down to the
sea In ships.
TO THK left, once more, and back of your
sedentary penman, lies the harbor
down here they used to call It "the Hole"
extending back to little wooded hills and to
the small, gray town with Its square church
tower, painted as white as a lighthouse, and
Its rival dark'splre symbols of how freemen
may differ in the form of their theology,
however the spirit thereof may be at one.
Pretentious luxury has surged in even here
to destroy tho proportions of things. There Is
a "villa" across the harbor which Is nearly
as largo as tho Seamen's Hospital on the
opposite side, nnd far moro carefully calcu
lated to give pause to the roving eye. A
wooded shore, as nature wooded It, seen
across a little water may seem a forested
height, but let some disproportionate man
walk along the water's edge, and behold I we
know that tho trees In our forest are only
scrubby bushes and our height has fallen to
tho dead level of things which we know. The
pretentious luxury of men In their efforts to
control, improve and alter nature changes
her Just and sweet proportions to bizarre
imaginings of their own, and villas, bunga
lows, "cottages" swollen Into mansions and
r,nrierint structures dwarf tho landscape.
,a string of wooden Incongruities on a bright
tnreatt oi sana.
THE harbor has been quiet but for the oc
casional punk-a-punk of a fisherman's
boat going out or coming Inl a sheet of blue
sea under a summer sky but for the flitting
of the white sail "of a catboat and the four
tall masts of that laggard schooner out there,
which appears to have forgotten that there Is
work to do In the world. Even our busy
little patrol boat, with Its gun perked up
bharp against the horizon, US circling, sig
naling ant. bustle, can only be dimly seen,
far out in the mist, lying to, prow to the
And now gradually the harbor begins to
fill. Tug after tug comes In, each with his
string ot barges and, tooting his whistle. Is
answered in higher, shriller key, barge after
barge, as they swing to anchor in groups
or one after tlfe other. The tug, after hover
ing about to' see his charges safe, makes ffcst
at a pier close by, tug siding up to tug until
there are seven big stacks leisurely smoking
In line, their day's work completed. Now
larger craft begin to gather, schooners of
three, and four masts, each furling sail as
she conies up Into the wind, topsails, jibs and
mainsails in turn, coming to anchor In care
fully selected remoteness. We had seen a
strange, larger steamer In tow In the morn
ing, going north. She rode perilously high
out of the water for anything but calm
weather, listed oddly and was evidently
sadly in need of paint. There could be no
mistake about It ; here she was headed back,
straight In, and she passed us to an anchor
age far up toward the town.
STILL bigger craft are now coming In,
Ocean-going colliers, ships ot burden,
built light at the ends and wide to store
away large cargoes, inree, me, signt, a
dozen ot them, some Ingeniously camouflaged
but It becomes the Gownsman not to say
how so that they looked dubiously like
some)hlng elseIt becomes the Gownsman,
fortunately, not to tell what else. There was
a fine, lithe passenger ship whose tasteful
garniture of red and white told her confidence
In her heels, and there was an odd-looking
boat the masts ot which were placed In pairs
sapparently at the edge of the Vessel and con
nected over-decks with a span, -It was said.
tnat ine was yuicnmn mviwui iBargiy
,1 but, we Wui4w!HriirM.rt,.
larger boats anchored further out, except for
our huge, pnlntless stcanier In tow. It ap
pears that slje.Is a stfanger'to salt Water
and halls from out Michigan waj', being con
ducted somewhere to be made fit to do some
thing for the nation. High out of tho water,
shabby, her list Is to starboard, not to port.
AVlio can sa-, oh ye carpers of Boston, that
the Middle West Is not doing her part?
HAT could It all be about, this hetero-
llttle harbor, somewhere In America? And
now rumor began to lly. But the Gownsman
will not repeat unlikely rumors, especially
as the reallt', as all now know, turned out
to bo oven more "unlikely" than tho rumors.
Our valiant enemy, the Ineffable exponent of
efficiency, had sent a submarine 4000 miles,
It appears, to shell an American tug and. to
send to Davy Jones two empty towboats and
a third filled with s'tone I From tho staging
of this deed of derring-do It may be surmised
that it had a deep ulterior purpose which
could have been none other than the terrify
ing of the summer boarder. But It takes a
great deal to terrify the American brand of
summer boarder and even more to frighten
an American boy of ten. Tho boarders rocked
In their chairs on porches, fanning away the
files and mosquitoes, wearily waiting for the
valorous gunners to hit something. An hour
and a half of German diligence nt length
accomplished this difficult feat. Tho il.rce
barges were finally sunk, the tug set on fire,
the iron crosses achieved. As for tho Ameri
can boy, he waved his little American flag
with the shrapnel falling about him and until
daddy called him off. All this was just over
your Gownsman's horizon. Had he been
pretornaturally forewarned ho might have
listened to the Teutonic popguns.
FROM our harbor full we had not noticed
It, but one of the tugs had slipped away.
And next day we were summoned to the
porches by a sudden pandemonium of whis
tles broken loose, pipings of tugs, deep fog
horns of tho larger vessels and puny whis
tling from even the barges, all saluting two
tugs In stately progress down the harbor,
lashed side to side, the rescuer, spick and
span, the rescued, battered, but not limping,
with holes from bhell and Ehrapnel In stack,
deck and sides, her wooden superstructure
burned away nnd most of her paint scorched
off, hut untouched below the waterllno and
nt her masthead proudly floating Old Glorj'.
She Is now tied up at tho wharf for Inspec
tion and Incidentally Is earning money for
the Bed Cross from patriots and curiosity
seekers, sometimes combined in one person.
The sun shines through into her coal bunk
ers, but her engines were almost untouched.
Three brave men who were injured on her
are recovering from their wounds, nnd rumor
even reports that the wreckers are already
raising the submerged stone barges.
THE Gownsman noticed three little gamins
on the street one day. The eldest was
about twelve, the second ten, tho third was
a mere baby. The big boy, we will assume
for good reason, cuffed number two. We will
assume that ho stood In loco parentis to him ;
possibly ho was both mother and father.
Number two thereupon looked nt number one
ruefull-, measuring his slzo; and forthwith
turned to the baby and passed on the cuff
with Interest. But you can't whip the big
boy by beating the baby ; and even the baby
won't cry! f
Concerning Democrats
To the Editor of the Evening Public Ledger:
Sir I read jour editorial headed "Bonnl
well," and. If you please, I would llko to
remark that the Judge Is not depending on
the "prominent Democrats" to elect hlm
It is the humble Democrats who know him
well, and whom he tinows well, that will
elect Bonnlwell as sure as Well, you'll
see by the time November rolls around Just
how It will-happen.
In the meantime, while tho weather Is
hot, let us try to keep cool, even If we do find
otrfer things besides the weather to tan
talize us., JOHN J, FLEMING,
Philadelphia, duly 29.
ITI.W1I Nrrtl a r.nni( Ei..'
' ' - . -,. iu'- n '" "
yif", .wbw'm .wwsirsKS'ysv?'"
By Grantland Rice
Lieutenant, 115th Field Artillery, A. E. F.
FT1ILT up your long, black,
ugly snoutR
'And let It lift'agalnst the' sky.
For when you bark jour message out
We hear the roar of Freedom's cry;
We've dono with qulbblo and debate.
Here's where the Hun line looms In view,
And out beyond the call of fate
We've turned tho answer back to you.
No one might call you, at your best, .
A thing of beauty, pal of mine; " f
Your low, srjuat form Is hardly blest "
With any grace that's near divine;
You'io not an ornament for home,
You'd never mako an artist cheer, '
But wheresoever I may roam '
I only hope that you are near. M
You're stupid-looking If they "will
A trifle dull and all of that;
But when they want some distant hill
Turned Into level ground or fiat ,'
Or'when they want some Hun-bred crew -
Ground Into sausage, near or far,
My little bet goe3 down on you
Against whatever odds there are. x
You may be sullen, as they say, ?,
A lop-eared grouch, or even worse,
But when they need an open way, i
Before the doughboys start to curse; .
Or where, beyond the massing men
They need some one to sjam the lid.
We know we'll get the answer when
We turn and say "Go to It, kid." j
CopirfffM, 1918, b The Tribune Association. ,
Breaches That Fail
Since wool disappeared from Germany,
efficiency makes breeches out of
gahda. Brooklyn Times.
What Do You Know?
1, Who 'was the CheTaller de Saint (leorge?
2, What, In a military aense, Is a lino ot com-,
5. Where la Cnmp flreenet
4. Who la George- Sylvester VlereckT
IS. Name the author of "The Gold Bag,"
6. Where Is Jaulgonne?
7. What Is-the "Koelnlsehe Zeltung"T
8. Whtf la General ManglnT
0. Who wrote the text of tho Declaration ot
Independence? ,
10. Who said! "I hare made ten people dls- .
contented and one ungrateful."
Answeri to Yesterday's Qulr '
I. Gownsmam on wose illUneUri profea- .?
atonal, official or scholastic hailt la 1",
gown, aa a Judge, lawjer, dlilne or mem- ',
ber of a unlterslty. .
t. General Gouraud. a one-armed French (en- ffi
eral. who has been In command of the r
brigaded pollua and Yankees In tho Mam. f. ,
Alsne offensive of the Allies. In tho see ";
tor eaat of Ithetms. ' , i
VS. Author of "Swiss Family Itoblnaon"! Pastor ,1
Wtsa Uolmnn Rudolf Vji MI-UK). , f
4, Munchausen taiei a "laii". aiory. a pwco or
braggadocio or a vutnclorlous recital of
u pergonal exploit. From Baron Miv t
ehausen. the chief character In a plctor
esauo notcl by Rudolph Hasp.
S, Doctor Ton Hussarek Is the former Minister
ot Public Education o( Austria. .He has
been reported aa the successor ot Doctor
Ton Pejdler as Premier.
0. Service, flagi a flag consisting of a ato
Held with a deep red border, eesblaaoaed
with as many blue stars aa toe family or'
corporation tiling It has reprnentatlre
In the military sen Ice. ot the United BUte.
7 The Queen of Italy la named Elena. Bhj Is
. the daughter of King Mrneuta, of Mon
tenegro. 8. Montgomery Is the capital and nlrmlnghaaa
,tho. largest Hy of Alabama.
0. An American Infantry dliiikm constats ot
about za.uuu men. inclining rompatants
and auBBkmentary.anlU.' according to'shon
moat recent plana fat new dlvlaMaa la a) ,,'
1 1
f t vwn i timm
itU dMM4iCJIi?
nY-SPH,-J v
WCV.? v.
-,,v , ". -j
u ..' .j.
iit't '?.i- i-r ,
-.'j. "

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