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ra - i . I" T 'Va," ; vfc V v & " f UtC h"V-:--Wm- t .-. i rtiiiVj, v , v yJfiMmCZT- t-,- at EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, ' MONDAY, AUGUST 12, 1918 1- -i t Tc" i .. - 1 j i ' i. i" 'i j v; t . w ,j -. n-1 i i ' f 'V.-1 j b i.. Be !',.. rt r. Jtf'i'j ZV' jt? .21 l . 5 Sn.y k. f!'fcin8UMHi.'r"irhif Germans I, massed heavy artillery on this hi and are heavily counter-attack- T.ilnns. Which fhn Hermans took in ."counter-attack, has been recap- by the British. The Allies re taken 40.000 nrisoners and 700 pfeins in their offensive. - feen. - A 11 . 1 t t . ino iownsot vtiDeri. una inauincs M Memed today to bo held by the ene- ;;) and Koye has -rot fallen. i " viuac ill uu j v :fr . . ... ... . . ftV. , ine jvrencn are continuing meir wWr advance between tr.e Avro ana tne v&Oise and have captured the town of I,Sr n'Echelle-St. Aurin, three miles di- E'v51 tectly west of Roye, and are closing ,ia on Roye, the dispatches state. iW" The advance, however, appears to Syjiave slowed up. ' Ar..Anl1.. tV.n nMciKl- nn Vin n-wuLKiiny miu 4wiv wit m- SOUthern part Of the iront was heir. continued by the French this morn-1 ing. Main interest CCntcrca in 'is "It Is certain that the Herman retreat l , .j ,1, , .,:,.,.. r., ..," ' Is not over" says lHoinme l.lbre, while sector around tho Lassigny Majsu. , the rletlt rnrlBfen declares that the cap. It is difficult to say whcthe.- tho ture of Lasslgny by the French Is only , .. . , . ,, ' n question of hours In fact the entire French are on the crest, bv wiev i Rroup of hills between I.aBslgny ana ,, V,o plnn tr it Thn v-hnlo Tins!- the Olse Is holng encircled, the Tetlt must be close to it. ine vnoic posi jJomnBl ,clarCs. and must Inevitably tion on the southern line depends be evacuated . .. I Main nf the critics point to the fnc- upon possession Ot It. tnat n(,cauc of his serious losses under French troops Mave advanced nearer the Allied blow the enemy has been coin ' , .' , , , , ' pelled to use troops he was reserving to tho important point ot Itojc from , or futur(. operations. hlle the Allies, the southwest by the capture of tho It is declared. hao been mastering the mo ouui.iii a j . ....,. enemy th on their line troops, wlth- vlvllages of Armancourt ami Tllloloy, oUtm(frawnR ,,,, tbelr rescre. The according to tho olllclal statement from , CJermans, It Is pointed out. increasec Z.... ,. - . t, i ,,. c,i, their losses by their lolent reactions on Field Marshal Hals today, bouth r Sur;day for tiie purpoie of cocrlnp tliplr the SOmme Blitlsh troops hae cap-iretri.it nnd protecting the line of their ' , ... , ... ' already Insulllclent communications. tured 200 prisoners. Rrltlsh positions l"l,,u- '"-J oast of Merricourt, south ot the river. .DCT, nj. cr nv njr have been linked with the British lines lUiSl I UAbt. Ut UlLr east of Etinchem. north o the river, i SOMME BATTLE OVER Smash Attack The British positions south of Llhons were attacked last evening by the Ger mans. The attack was repulsed. Today's British statement reads: ""YestcreUy evening the enemy again attacked our position south of Llhons. Wn was renulsed. "As a result of a succesful operation I carried out by us immediately soiun . of tho Somme. wc captured 200 pris-1 . nM.l ii it Art iin nur nncttfnnu Ait i ? Merlrntirt with the linn cast of!nrst P1'110 ot " "Rh'lng l" over Si.?.1.!!0.0"" ,WJ"' ",l Voni, tf ,l?o ' Hermans, at their nearest, point Etlnehem, on the north bank of tlio rlver. tnl (Amiens), while thev are no nearer "On the right ot the Fourth British than sixteen miles t.. the Amlens-r.irU army our Allies made progress yester- 'I'y,,,. Mnrttlt!. and Von Hutler aro day afternoon In the direction ot Roj p. trj.nR ll0u,10,-,,tei to stiffen the reslst capturlng the villages of Armancourt nnCt r t lic-ii- arniieh, whose backs are and Tllloloy (Tlllolov Is three nnd one- almost tight agalnt the Somme half miles southwest of Itoyr). The Allies are adanclug slowly but nair mnes somni ul . ' .,0,,in, tuelr mins rommandinir not . on tne norinern PJo " " British front we effected local 1m- provements In our line east of Kobern, and between vieux-uernuin ann .uer rls." I'resrnt Ilallle Line As nearly ns can be learned the bat- uenne irom nuriii iu ouum muo mu) near Merlcourt, Proyart. Ilalnccourt and Llhons, which apparently Is final-1 ly secure In British hands after bitter righting: thence west of Chaulnes, I through or near Chilly, which has changed hands twice, thenco through Fouqucscourt, Parvillcrs, Damery, j Andechy. IVEchelle, Armancourt, Damcourt. Piuincourt. Rove-Sur-Matz. JUareulI, Samson and Antoval, striking : the old line near Ulbecourt. ! The battle appears to be approach-1 Ing the end of the first phase, with tho lines steadily hardening on the front, speaking generally, that the Germans held when they retired to the Hlndenburg line. I The assistance that lins been ren frri hv Mm Ampricnnn In this nirht.'Julv 15. Inff has been comparatively smnll but' One German long-range gun has been Nevertheless important, for they havof'neated be ween Ham and Guiscard captured and held positions strongly tt d'h. Allied a'rtfif.Vr.'""1 " defended by the enemy at one of the " : most difficult points In the line nt a1 Tr:crrnstrrT time when the German resistance here FOE DEbl ROl ED waa threatening to hold up the left i .,. .-. . . .- . . ., flank ot the advance. ; CIT OF MONTDIDIER By the Associated Press ' Paris, Aug. 12. Nearly 40,000 pris oners and "00 guns have been taken by the Allies In ricardy, according to reliable information here. (Seven hundred guns Is the greatest the Allies ever have captured on the western front during the nrst days of an offensive.) Extremely bitter resistance Is being encountered from the Germans along the line of Chaulnes-Roye-Noyon. The enemy Is bringing up strong re enforcements, while the Allies are pre paring for further advance. The Germans are reacting on the Allied left with n certain amount of success, having had time to get into line divisions rushed frantically from the north. It 1s believed here the fresh Home. Aug 12. (fly I N S) Kac troops are being thrown Into the light In uatlon of the whole German salient on a desperate endeaor to block the Allied advance toward N'esle. General von Hutler, who escaped badly damaged from the Montdldler pocket. Is trying now to halt temorarily on the Itoye-N'oyon line. He Is strong enough at Noyon end, where his flank rests on the Olse, hut should the Hrltlsh succeed In debouching from the villages of .Tho explanation gien was that "hean Lihons, Chilly, Fransjrt, Fresnoy and I quarters were transferred because of the Goyencourt In the general direction of activity of Allied airmen" Neslc. Von Hutler's right at Roye would The Kaiser Is being advised by Von not only be turned, but he would be cut ' Hindenburg to adopt a "defensive front off and hupeiessly lost The entire line, (along the western battle line," the dls Jt Is believed here, would then go down, i patch said Should Von Hutler succeed In holding on sufficiently to get his guns and ma - i.vlal atvav nnvl mnm nrnhnhlv would be back toward the Somme, pivot- Inr on Noyon. He would swing his right back on the line of Nesle and ' Novon. There was no marked change in the inere was no marnea cnange in me fighting situation on the French front during the night, says the official state. ment from the War Office today. There was artillery fighting In the territory' ! southwest of Roye. The statement reads ' "Between the Avre and the Olse the situation Is without change During the i.iiumivudi.sr .uMisira was artillery fighting In the larqulvlllers and Grlvlllers. nleht there region of Jlarqul Nothing Is reported from the remainder of the front,' By the United lTess With the French Armies in tho Field, Aug. 12. German casualties on the new Plcardy front are estimated at more than 100,000. German reserves rushed Into action. partial reorganization of the demor alized retreating elements and arrival IVof fresh artillery have succeeded in Showing up, oui noi hiupiuuk. me uu Vance of General De Beney's and Gen. eral Humbert's French armies. The line last night showed progress (..turun the Olse and Matz Rivers, lit- l tie Switzerland as this Is sometimes t4ft called becoming untenable for the ..:,, enemy. 'Ja. , Airalnst strong resistance the N Trench have captured Montlgny I cvonrui Rllncourt and Antheval. Igi hf FIGHTING DIES DOWN ALONG VESLE FRONT By the United Press With the American Army on the i:t VmI. Aug. 1 J. American and French j?' r trhops opposing the Germans on the i- Srlihts north of the Vesle have encoun- fflil fresh Prussian divisions. i.htin in the American sectors In IMeSilBte-cwa" and rifle fire and In- UtfKHjKH nnrii fmtni. W -i , . .J5fi-. ,i.,, X? , .& barrares before the American positions yesterday morning and stopped abruptly each time, apparently Intending to at tack. But the attaclti did not mate rialize, either because of tho American small-arm nrc or the boches' Inability to "get up enoiiRh steam " American Infantry advanced half way up the Blow of r steep hill this morn ing, encourterlng strong Herman en trenchments The doiighbos were un able to hold these halfway positions owing to the Intensity of the enemy tire, a.nd returned to their former positions ni the foot of the slopes. American artillery continues pounding the German positions, while the Infantry snipes from shell holes, harassing tho boches, who are trying to hamper Amer ican preparations for advancing. Increased activity In tho air resulted in two fierce battles yestcrdny. During sue of the fights the Americans, although outnumbered, brought down two bocho machines. The other battle wus Inde cisive. ALLIES ENCIRCLING HILLS NEAR OISE By the Associated Press rHrU Anir 1 Mllltarv commenta- (PT.S n tne I'arls newspapers expre?-. convene, thatch. Allied dvanw w hiu, By the United Presx With the llrltl'li rmlcs In I'ranee. Aug 12 The battle has gradually slowed down in the past twenty-four hours. Von Ludcndorff's reserea hae been massed In front of the key positions Wti,nut success and hae attempted counter-attacKS, ti,o Allies are maintaining their i-nln thrnuerhnllt the w ho'e line. W'liniMcr Hie future may bring, the is over i ne PP.entecn mie, from the ricardy capl- ;,,, , 0.; P. ni.uilnes. Ne.le and Peronne. bm- the'S()llime crossings eerywhcre Immense nuatitlties of derman ma terial are still west of the riser. Prison ers from divisions just arrived In the line d. clare they were oruerca to noia ai whatever cost Some nf the bridges have been destroyed nnd the Allied guns arc demolishing them as fast as they are n,lrni captured ilerman mlicers admit tliere considerable disorder behind the lines, the ollleers themselie.s knowing little of what Is transpiring They were throw-ti Into certain positions dnd merely told to ttay. , .tAf) nnn rTPilf JI(! l,iOO.VVV ItKniUinJ iv d ATTT V I!! iVHPTH It Dl I 1 UCj in ntA ll By tfte United Press Paris. Aug 12. Thirty-one new Ger man divisions havo been Identified In Plcardy, making a total of lit divisions (probably i.suj.uuu men; used tmce Pnrl. Aug. 12 (By I N S.) Kn- need because they had to give up Mont dldler, the Germans destroyed the city before they departed, applying the torch and blowing up buildings with dynamite. Many old and beautiful pieces of archi tecture were destioyed by the Huns , ph have continued t'o gain ground between the Are and Olse rivers. The French have captured Macqulvll lers. Gravellillers, Laberliers. Mache mont, CamhrokUe and the outskirts of Canny-sur-Matz. HINDENBURG URGES BIG RETREAT, REPORTVZ' ,hV man peope the western front, formed hy Ypres, the .Montdldler sector and tne verrtun area, Is being urged upon the Kaiser by Von Hindenburg, according to n news agency dispatch from Zurich today. German great headquarters have been removed from France into Germany. behind the Rnlne rler It w-as added Hindenburg was said to base his rca-1 i sons for the widespread evacuation of! 'Merman nnsltlnns In Tleleilliii nnil I France on the argument that It would shorten and straighten the German J front and make it easier to defend -""" nn riniTC TV1 C 41V ''vK i iitiuj i j 011 u FOUR VITAL POINTS K .remilred to prevent Germany from ob taining control of tho food resources of n.. .? rf . 1 n I.... t lnnirn la ny iic unueu f-re . ' .. Parln. Aug 1 2 Chaulnes, Roye, I.as- I slgny and Noyon these are the vital points in the general line on which the ?z2?xsr&:x?"& .ri. ": sweeping Allies. --"-- .,... ... -j u usi-.. ,' n- enlno- Allies General von Cudendorff Is pulling In reserves from the entire region and throwing them Into this line Mean - ,r.ll t, la t-vlnn Ir. rra nl. (V,. dns ,,u?,ed back by trie French and untenable. . . ... Of the four. Chaulnes and I-isslgny seem the likeliest to go first If these fall It can be assumed that the others will be captured shortly, after which the Germans would have no line this no line inia side of the Somme upon which to stand. Kt.. l it., .. -,i i-. ...i.u ...kiu L!uensFsenCsnowne bThVc? lHa't' frc Suns 1 snown uy ine laci inai ire- nuentlv the "heavies" are firing from positions wncre inrro imu oeen uayuuci fighting onlv twenty-four hours before. Between Ham and Peronne. where the Germans are bringing up new divisions, the Allies are bombing and smashing bridges while the Germans are trying frantically to repair them. Some of them are knocked down and repaired several times In a day. Aviators report the enemy's back areas choked with re treating transports and columns o( troops. Finni Fortifying Against RustU Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copyright, int. ev A York Timet Co. Copcnkagto. Aug. 12. A special ca ble to the BerijngiKe Tiaenoe from He! Whether the Germans have decided to I SlovfKs "" "rUeT by Bolrhevlk not been much cultivated for, the last make a real stand qn this line, or only . lrts '"? droops and without a three years. They are Intersected by ri-fffrW,TO.fflr.w?h.vu,i!. an3 bt'lffi and Khab- tu Vy.'u.'. "dTa? b'en ?leesrlaaVeCarJ XA W "SngSS 5 i"-- '- "d SSSiS'S road I came upon a little Sncfors says that the Russian side of I UV mag ;t9tW AMERICANS AHACKT0H0LD ALLIES ON VESLE Germans Assail U. S. Lines to Prevent Sending Aid to Somme THRUSTS PROVE FUTILE Three Counter-Blows Arc Foiled Foe Digging in to Hold Line H- EDWIN L. JAMES Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copurioht. l!tS, bu .Veto York Times Co. With the American Army In France. Aug. 12. AVith the evident Intention of hln herlng or blocking nny proposed at tack by the Americans along the Vcsle while the dilve from the west is on, the Oermans since Saturday have de lls ered thiee counter-nttacks In force on our lines In that sector. These actions, while of a local na ture, were far different from the typ ical rearguard actions that the Her mans have been putting up against us on the Vesle. They were delivered bv fresh troops, who attacked In num hers superior to ours at the points where they hit. We met these attacks with mnchlne gun lire, and In one case with hand-to-hand fighting. Tho third German counter-attack netted us eighty pris oners ot the Fourth Clrenndler Guards, who said that they had been sent Into the sector-eight hours before being put Into battle. Tho three costly German attempts made no material change In the sltua. tion. As much as they would like to, the Geimans appear to bo afraid to withdraw anj troops from In front of the Americans to use further west. Two French soldiers captured by the Germans In May entered the Amer ican lines on the Vcsle Saturday. They had cut the wires of their cage nnd walked four days toward their own lines. They were greatly surprised, for. not having been told of the Ger man defeat, they supposed that the Allied lines weio fnr behind that stream. Theso Frenchmen explained that nrior to .Tulv IS the Germans had blustered dally about going to Paris, but that after the 18th their attitude had suddenly changed The captives did not then know the reason. The prisoners hnd been told that the Ger mans' military tattona were low, he cause they had sent food to Austria to quiet discontent there, and the growing sphit against tht' wnr. The German cross above the prave of Quentln Roosevelt, near Chamery. has been removed nnd an American cross put up. This cross bears the Inscription Here rests on the field of honor First IJoutenant Quentln Roosevelt, killed In action July, 1918." The Brave has also been fenced with stones. Yestertlnv upon It rested a atli of flowers-bearing the name of Miss Evangeline 'Booth, of the Salva tlor Army, -Thfi. .German crost. which, was re- J moicd hil on it after the name ot lieutenant Roosevelt tho words "bur ied by tho Germans.'., j - i -''''" 'i Lenine and Trotsky Flee From Moscow fontlnned from I'.ire One diplomatic corps, reviewed tho corre spondence that led to the decision or the ambassadors to go to Archangel, ana continued- . .... "Your message expressing friendly feelings for the people I represent ana the desire on your part to maintain rela tions with them is appreciated, but u will permit me to say that jour treat ment nf me as tlielr repreentatlie does . ., (.1. ...nf. ..OMU.Inill. not arruni mi ru. .. r---. . , , "Your telegram plates tnat jrcimiiBri is not a fit residence for ambassadors in t the event of a 'siege' Do ou expect a German siege of Archangel' tertnmiyil0 na8s a slower chicle In front. you dt not nnticlpato an Allied siege of i n"n nnlv reneat what I have said ! to you and to the Russian people many '.' . . . i .. 4i. ill Uu hni a nnln. with wnom mey tun.""' "- -- '-- ' Liu.... nrminci th pommoti enemy. Rpeiking for myself. I have n desire or Intention of leaving Russia. unlen forced to do so, una in mtii "v . absence would be but temporary. I would not Prepay ",eJ,t,hmy. "?PV ernment or the sentiment f.f the Ameri can people if I should leave Russia at this time. . .. , nresi-l.ltov.-k peace, and It .Is becoming The Allies nair nr.-i ,.".'". that In mv judgment the time is not far distant when they will turn upon Ger nisnv and the repuls on of the enemy from't " Russian borders will demon strate what I have continuously believed, and that If. that the national spirit of B?eat Ruw-la is not dead, but has only been sleeping'' lirJW ATI S4.YS 130.000 S1-'I' iJ it t IPC NEEDED IN EAST By the Associated Press n-.u.n.tnck. Aug. 12 General Hor- .!'"a"l:,","rI,, i head of the new all varth. self-styled irtiiieria "" .'"- - . , , ,- for i-.n Morvath s visit here wasior ,h '-",,. T re opening negotiations i ,th' pVK0vUdlvostok group of the S '"" nomous Siberian Government." ! cSsi3;?r ?$.. 1 , - . .. ,, Aniu mini k H.siiuiELifii ' nnu itcu.' ;- -...- ": - Zr .h At. Sl!Ve -tTthe Tot &. & T0..,o, , relieve Russia. General '"L" ..".V." cni,i , k. rinrened hv these 1 """'" '",. ,hev failed to fore- annOUIlcei"'!"", . ." . "-' .,-" -".. iiiiuuii.v.w..-, - ----f ,. -- -- -, fgWfflW& are in aejieruie J ".L, nT USS S" fTJ'"i '"nw i,' , ' T,uI'ti" ' General Horvath told the correspond, ent that the enemy will draw on Russian ,r,an.nnuer. an he la alreadV dolner In i ". ..': ..7..L . -!-.,- ...,, - Ultnunian. jie eaya inai in prcw i rnw. aH Russia Is becomlnK more ana ffirXrhYn" dXreSSTclet .', Aill.rf i,n. tr. lah IMta th. forward movement would attract thous ands of Russians who are at present IUIVC fc ....w ,.wwuu w W. ....T .... overawed DENIES LLOYD GEORGE CLAIM German Paper Say 150 U-Boats Have Not Been Sunk By the Associated Press Amiteniam. Aucr 12. With reference to the recent statement by Premier Lloyd George -In the British House of Commons that 150 -German submarines had been sunK, tne uusaeiaori iecn rlf Men's Berlin correspondent says: "JV'e are able to iuta definitely hat the eneroy'a anti--boat war oanwt (Jmw any sucA'auMMs." t. r - . I iYi WITHSTAND BRITISH TROOPS OS3S!XSCSK.aSI Keeping up with the rapid retrograde . . .-,.. 'iwffOBBK'-AKc'Mjuj.r .r -r . ' mm n a.-tK-V'"V 1 ffi I MT3. -O. .S.'J-iSr''--. -( Ed V ' 5-Sf' I K so strenuous inni urnisn mianiry, in inc manner mown aoove, arc ouugcu io utilize muiui muni GERMANS MOVING BACK 0NPER0NNE Great Confusion Visible Among Transports .Has tening East From There HOPE TO CHECK BRITISH Sixteen Divisions Identified Among Reserves Being Hur ried Into Action By H. v NEVINSON Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Cnpyrloht. jilt, bu Sew York Times Co. War Correspondents' Headquarters, Aug. 12. I hear that, at Albert, on the Ancre. the enemy has now withdrawn to the eastern suburb I am also told that great confusion Is Islble from the air In Peronne and that transports are hasten ing along the roads eastward from tho town. Also that all tho German moc ment Is now backward Rut the enemy Is moving up reserve dIMsions Im hopes of checking our I'lusLL-o... uiim CAli't'll wninait UIVlblUIIB hae now- been identified against the British front alone. Canlry which I saw coming into nc J1'0" Saturday were reportd advancing on Iloye hunday morning. I cannot vet learn with what result, but just as I am writing this a colleague who has been In that direction tells mo those gallant caalrymen could make little headway against thick wire on either hide, and, Having only the main road for advance, were checked by machine guns Further south our casualties havo been chiefly duo to excess of zeal, as when caalry charged In dashing style straight up to woods strongly held by machine guns-win equally magnificent and deadly maneuver. Still the Canadians, who have been perhaps most conspicuous in this respect, tell me their casualties amount to only one third of the prisoners thty havo taken. Roads Thick With Yellow Ilust Perhaps I may digress Into a brief de scription of the scenes from which I have Just been obliged to return. The roads were long streams of thick and ..!!,.. ,i0, .v,ll, ,i,, i, .-!,.,,.. .""" "" "" ""-" "- " "'- could seldom see far enough ahead to know whether It was safe for him As in the advanco of modern armies, huge motor lorries, ambulance vans, and heavy guns, interspersed with bodies of Infantry and a few mounted troops, were pushing forward along ono side, while down the other came lorries empty and ambulances full, with here and there a batch of prisoners, their guards wllh fixed bayonets marching beside them. As u. rule I was struck by tne gooa condition and equipment of the. pris oners. Xhey looaea wen urinea ami well fed, and their boots ana uniiorms were sound. Passing through the ruins of Domant. we crossed the marshy stream and bogs of tho I-uce which inns at riant angles Into the ve. Here the Canadians had expected greater obstruction to their advance on Thursday than they actua- Further on we moveu uirouen a nre of ruined villages as through a funeral procession of human labor, hopes and comforts. Such disasters no restoration can err repair. A point between the ruins of Quesnll, north of the road, and JI ingest on the south, was occupied by the Canadians and French, respectively. I set out to walk past the ruins of Folles and through the ruins of Boucholr, to tho ruins of Le Quesnoy, close behind our front line Here tho enemy was still wasting shells by pumping them into heaps of bricks and rafters, for what had been Btreets and houses were now completely empty. Country a Vast PUIn The country all around Is a vast plain extending right up t othe Downs, north ' ms. IZ llX vr s of g ?und hardly rceptlble. " '- .. . e vrmind hardly DerceptiDie. anu yet ' caDable of concealing whole batteries ,.,i hattallnns. ,. hu, .. ,, ,.. ..-,. ntA ei4tarit nver It. W1B1I ! ' "-' -..-..-. ZZZ - cemetery of French and British so dlers, killed earlier in action, and found it un- touched. A few German dead lay in 'the old and flower-grown trenches, dug v... ,w.. British lonir aaro. and some new t " I,C ...v.. .---. .-..: . .... .. (0erman trenches were uuerea wiin wia , .. . , i,a h ninom nf nrman officers who had been killed or had left In a hurry. - .- But the enemy's line has not been strongly held, as a rule, by infantry. Ho trusted to scattered posts of deadly machine guns, to gas shells and to bomb ing from airplanes to check the Allied 8 It oe'rtaln nolnts his artillery and machine guns acted with terrible effect i, front of Le Quesnoy. A short line between the former villages of Par vlllers and Damery, about four miles northwest of .Roye, was so strongly held by machine guns that the Allied advance was for a time checked, A low ridge was crowned with thin woods of shattered trees. On the left, near " HJ" "'fWtenk, one-of I Uod the.wreena or a tew wnw." q n utile spinny caueu, . ... -; Jrhteh F Sur,B out ""'"j .. , ! .i . :r. W, J'.-. .M' .;'" THREE COUNTER-ATTACKS SPECIAL .CABLEi RUSHING TO FRONT BY MOTOR AMiM&XZ3XX!El'fX movement of the enemy alonf. the Flanders and Pirardy lines is proving Speed of Attack Surprise to Foe Continued from I'spe One heelng tho enemy flying In confusion before them. I visited Saturday tho ground In the neighborhood of Moreutl andMorl zel and was able to see the devastation wrought by the French artillery. Shell hole- pitted tho ground everywhere near. The roads to Moteutf and Alorl 7C tire mere heaps of ruins, while a chateau in the nelghboihood In which u German colonel has been taken was a splendid tribute to the accuracy and Intenslt) of the Frencn gunfire. The chateau Itself had been thor oughly and conscientiously shelled, and there were great shell holes some nfty yards all around It; but then Bhell holes virtually ceased, proving, is an officer who had been carefully studying tne grouna, sam to me, bow deady accurate had been the French artillery practice. French collaboration with tho Brit ish effort has been more comprehen sive than had at first been expected to up tne case, ana now both tho first and third armies ure engaged. It will be temembered how General De Beney s army co-operated with the British In dealing the hammer blow- to the enemy. Once the disturbance of Ms line was achieved, the right of Do lieney s army came into action, delivering its offensive at 4 o'clock on tho afternoon of the 9th. By evening of that day It had met with very strong German resistance at Arvillers, where reserves had been bi ought up to ro-enforco tho men in tho line. After a violent struggle these reserves were defeated and thrown back and tho village was taken, the French also capturing Da venscourt and the part to tho wC3t Of Contolre. Tho whole of the 4 o'clock attack delivered southwest of Montdldler was a complete success. Rubescourt, La Fretoy. Le Tronquoy, Vaux, As-ain. vlllers and Fnverolles fell successively, the capture of Faverolles cutting off tho lino of retreat of the men In Mont dldler and making the eventual cap ture of tho town a certainty. Since August 8 the Frencli have taken more than 200 guns and 8000 prisoners, the number of guns being markedly out of proportion to the numbor of ptisonern. This can only be explained by tho stato of confusion existing In the German ranks. Tho men are flocking along the roads In disorder to tho tear, abandoning everything in their passage. In this connection the intervention of the Third army has been of ex treme value, Its action on the enemy's flank Increasing tho disorder. Large convoys have been observed hutrylng to the rear, and these havo been subjected to artillery fire and alt bombardment, Our aviators ure con tinuously raining tons of projectiles on columns, on points of assembly und on the bridges of tho Somme, certain of which have already been rendered useless. The aviators have supple mented tho dropping of bombs hy machine-gun tiro and have materlully nlded In creating disorder. Examination of the map shows tho difficulty of the enemy's retreat. All the troops must pass either by Roe or by Nesle. They are already vlr tually cut off from Roye. where tho French bombing planes havo been par. tlcularly uctlve, nnd In consequence tho situation of the men on the high ground to tho south Is extremely grave. Tho enthusiasm of the Fiench troops Is amazing, the officers at times flnd ng It Impossible to hold them back. Ijss of Guns Hampers Foe Since July IE the Germans have lost more than 1200 guns, a serious matter In view of the difficulties they have experienced in the last six months hi the manufacture of artillery. Thus their lack of such metals "as man. ganese has for its effect the rapid wearing out of the tubes of guns, and these can only be replaced with great difficulty. Consequently, the sudden loss of 1200 suns may be expected to hamper them seilously for several months. After the success of the general ad vance the high command engaged also the Third Army that lay to De Beney's rlcht. and nt 4:20 in the morning an attack was delivered without artillery preparation between Councellcs. l-ay ette nnd Matz. Two minutes later the artillery Joined In and the infantry and artillery advanced. Ammunition had been brought up noiselessly Into the line and enor mous niiantitles of horse and motor transports were hidden, waiting for the, sound of thei first cun. At the first shot roads, woods and fields were alive with galloping horses nnd motor lor ries driven at brcaKnecK speeu, hurrying ammunition to its own gun. Hundreds ot guns had to be supplied and fed continuously, so an to enable them to maintain the full volume of their fire, until the retreat of the boche forced them to ertvance. Rapidity of Attach a Surprise The bodies were surprised, not by the attack, but by Its rapidity. Two min utes after It began rockets were thrown up appealing for barrage fire tv fact that shows they were expect ing to be attacked. Lehighton Volunteer Killed T.ehlithton, r.. Aug. 12. George Hhoemaker. of this place, received t.imanm frnm tbn War Department at Washington announcing the death of his Tirl1llA CVtAavtMu Uttt rrr iViak AHnv line in France, Young Shoemaker washerman military court and was carried -r tanks, one- of .""volunteer and was sent to Franca six out Immediately after Its conflrnntlon soke- ww. moatna at o, " ,by the competent judical tribunal. ' nft WJfi-'TV'' ? rni.tifaflrir'S rfttf-'i ' K n '' ' M fiiiTntrVrr ' Tsssxr llrltlah Official Thotoerarh. From I. I S. Jt- PICARDY BATTLE MAY BE A RECORD Likely to Set Mark for Cap tures on West Front in Short Time BRUSILOFFS GREAT BAG Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copvrloht, 1018. bv Sew York Times Co. New York, Aug. 12. If the Allies' bag of prisoners and guns In their smash Into the ricardy salient shall surpass this morning 25,000 men and 300 guns, exclusive of machine guns, It will estsbllsh a new record for the western front lr the period covered three da5-s. It may still bo behlrd the Austrian takings at Caporetto 1ns' October and Bruslloff's in Julv. 1316. These, how ever, may be qualified by the feet that the Austrians Included In their capture all public pen ants civil as well as ml'l tary while the major part of Brusiloff t prisoners were made up of Czecho-Slo-vaks. who. later freed and armed by Kerensky. now oppose thu Red Guards of tho Soviets and German and Austrian prisoners In Russia acting with tho Red Guard. In the first three days of the German offensive March 21-21 Berlin alleged the German capture of 25,000 men, 400 guns nnd 300 machine guns. In the first three doys of the fifth phase of their offensive July 15-18 tho Germans claimed 17,000 prisoners. In the three days following, In Foch's smash into the German right wing of the Marne salient, the French and Americans took 20,000 men and 400 guns. Itig Hag In Champagne But while the present captures of men and guns cover a front of thirty miles. with a penetration of twelve, those ot the Oermanes, In March, covered a front of sixty miles and a penetrntion of thirty for tho three days covcied, Again in this tespect, the latter achievement did not equal that of the French in Champagne, September 25-28, 1915, when, on a front of only fifteen miles. and a penetration of only one and one half miles, they enveloped n mass of 25,000 German prisoners. Closo behind this bag comes the Ital ian five-day record on tho Isonzo Au gust 13-24, 1917 when 23,000 were cap tured. The single day record May 23, 1916 credits tho Italians with 10,'245 Austrians In the Carso teglon. The Austrian claims at Caporetto. be ginning, October 21, 1917, and rapidly expanding- from the thirteen-mile front of Piezzo-Tolmlno were 30,000 Italians by the 25th ; 60,000, with 600 guns, by tho 26th, and 100,000, with 700 guns, by the 28th. Both the Austrian and Ital ian captures which followed the Aus trian offensive of June 15 last down to and Including the Italian counter-offensive nnd tho battle for the Plave of June 22 covered a longer period. The Austrians claimed from first to last 35,000 prisoners and the Italians 20,000. Results at Verdun III the Verdun battle, instlng from Fehtuary 21 to December 15, 1916. which began on a twenty-flve-mlle front with a twelve-mile concentrattion and a penetration of two miles, the Germans In three days captured only 3000 : while on December 16, on, a nine-mile front a penetration ot two miles, the French took 18,000 Germans. Tho Somme, July 1 to November 7, 1916, on a twenty-six mile front, netted the English onlv 5000 prisoners In the first three days, but lor tne wnoie period or the four months' battle their record was 71.532 men. 1449 officers, and 1439 guns, mortars, und machine guns captured. As to Bruslloff's offensive, begun over a 300-mile front on June 4, 1916, In the first week he registered prisoners daily as follows: 13,000, 12,000, 15 420 11,058, 3899, 6597, and 35,510, making a week's record of 107,950 tho greatest In tho war, Kerensky's abortive offensive, Just a year later, begun on an eighteen-mile front. Is said to have captured 30,000 Austrians In flvo days July 1-5, 1917. POPE AIDS FORMER CZARINA Promises Support if Alexandra and Children Aro Freed Rome, Aug. 12. The Pone has taken steps to assist out of Russia the former Rmpress Alexandra All and her four daughters Olga, Tatlana, Marie and Anastasle who have made pressing an neals for their liberation, according tn ine wsservaioro uomano, ine Vatican of ficial organ. The Pope. In asking the Russian Gov. ernment to permit the widow of the re cently executed former Emperor, Nicho las itomanon, and ner aaugniers to leave Russia, nledced himself that If their lib. eratlon was granted he would provide for their suitable support. EICHHORN'S SLAYER EXECUTED German Military Court Pro nounces Sentence on Boris Danskio By the Associated Press Amsterdam, Aug. 12. Boris Danskio, the assassin of Field Marshal Herman von Elchhorn, was executed on Saturday, according to advices from Kiev. Tne sentence was pronounced by a v - - - a - PK f H .KSS N11A VE ' f-A IS REGAINED BY ALLIE&i General Maurice Says That tages of Present Victory Battle Developing Satisfactorily By MAJOR GENERAL SIR FREDERICK B. MAURICE Former Director of Operations of the Brit ish Army. Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger CopirloM. tits, bv London, Aug. 12. The battle continues to develop most satisfactorily. The British forces have established themselves within close range of the important railway Junc tion of Chaulnes, and should now be able to strangle the enemy's communi cations in the Montdldler salient in the same way as Fooh did by striking at tho Somme, upset the enemy's ar rangements for supplying his troops In the Marne salient and thereby event ually forced him to retreat. Our rapid advance to the south of the Somme has begun to havo effect. Our Allies have extended their attack to the south as far as Matz and are steadily pushing the enemy back from his position on the Avre. It Is In this quarter that we may expect the great est progress In the immediate future, for the enemy. If he has the means and there Is no reason to suppose he has not Is certain to make desperate efforts to hold back tho center of the attack in the neighborhood of Chaulnes, where our men are fighting, until he has got his left flank out of the dangerous position In which It is now placed by our advance. Railways Now in Allied Hands Already we see part of the effects of victory. Tho main railway line from Amiens to Clermont and Crell Is In working order, and we may hope that In a day or two we shall also bo using the line from Amiens along tho Avro valley to . Compelgne, and with these valuable communications in our hands our chances for tho de development of our victory will be much Improved, whllo the enemy's troubles will be Increased until ho has once more succeeded In stralght- n'ng out ills front. Tho Germans nro now being pressed everywhere along the forty-flve-mlle front extending from the River Matz, across the Somme, to the neighbor hood of Albert, and It Is not extrava gant to hope that, by working from such a wide base, wo may bo able to force the enemy back as far ns the River Somme, from roronno to Voy pnnes, nnd then along tho canal to Noyon. This would mean the recap ture of by far the greater part of the ('round which we lost In the great battle of last March. We can Imagine the Joy with which ur men aro now Ktvtng back U tho GERMAN POSfTIONS ON OISE IMPERILED Further Teuton Retreat in Picardy Expected After Temporary Stand fly the Associated Press Mighty efforts are being made by the Germun high command to check the Allies' advance through Plcardy toward Peronne, Roye and Noyon. On the northern end of the battlellnc the British have not been able to progress rapidly during tho last night, although London reports unofficially that the vliloge of Bray has been entered Ip the center strong German counter attacks seem to have hold up the ad vanco ogalnst vital points along the line. Them Is an unconfirmed report, however, that Royo has been abandoned by the enemy. On tho right the French are still gain ing ground steadily. They have reached tho crest of tho hills west of tho Olse and have virtually cleared tho Matz Valley of the enemy. An Important Allied advance Is re ported in the fact that the French havo reached Antoval, on the crest of the hills west of Rlhecourt. In the German drive early In June the fall of Antoval proved fatal to French hopes to hold the Valley of tho Olse. as well 'as the forest of Carlepont. on the eastbank. If Antoval Is firmly held by the French, tho German lines along the Olse, It seems, are In danger.and if the French continue to gain, the enemy's retirement from territory held along tho eastern bank of tho river may be forced. Reports would appear to Indicate that tho line where the present heavy fight ing is going on Is not the one upon which tho Germans have decided to stand definitely on tho defensive. The coming day or two probably will be marked by savage fighting, espe cially on the south, where the continued progress of the Fr.ench would weaken the whole German position. If It does not turn the flank of the Noyon-Nesles line, which It appears may be the first defensive front upon which the enemy may elect to- stand. Paris reports unofficially that 40,000 prisoners have been taken since Thurs day morning. This brings tho total number of Germans captured In Mar shal Foch's two great drives up to 75, 000. The number of guns so fur taken by tho Allies in the two offensives totals almost 1000. PLAN U.S. BANK EXPANSION South American Financiul Seq tions Authorized hy Federal Reserve , By the United Press Washington. Aug. 12.' Rxhaustlve In vestigations of foreign banking fields will be conducted by the Federal Re serve Board to make ready for foreign expansion of American financial Insti tutions. Thrt reserve board has authorized es tablishment of branch banks of North American financial Institutions. In four South American cities In the last month. Authorization has bejn granted the American Foreign Banking Corporation to establish branches at Rio de Janeiro. Cape Haltlen and St. Marc, Haiti, and Calll, Colombia. The board reported that establishment of branches In China and Italy also was being contemplated. "Borrows" Auto to Tour U. S. A desire to ,tour the United States, the police say, caused George Dempsey, eighteen years old, of Gloucester, to "bofrow't an automobile belonging to F. S. Dickinson, of Audubon, N, J., last night, without pausing to ask the own er's permission, Jjempsey was arrested near .Treniu'i cany wu uy opeciai to Jail In default of 1600 ball by Justice 1 0f the PeaaejJllWri. ' -; - J-S nif..8.i;iri-toVft fahrfyi.it'ir -i Policeman Williamson ana committed itjv t- a - - a mxTTn -'; Is First of Several Advan- ! '41 ' ,j " ffl Sew York Times Co. ent my as good us they received, end (l one by one recapturing the vlllagtt l wmen we naa neia ior so long, oucn a defeat inflicted on the enemy, would ' go far to nullify tho effect ot tb irient nunnalLti which he olanned'for tho empWmont during this. -year, of, l.n V....-A KBj.nfitfi.Mnffnla rtri.tlcllt rtVflr l to the west from Russia. ,t Encourgamcnt for uturo u In looking to tho future, we must remember that not only can the enemy never bo so strong again as he wa In March, but that, we have achieved , what we have achlevtd with the aid of only a small portion ot tho force which Ameiica will eventually put Into the field. l In these circumstances this last vic tory, following so. closely on the vic tory of the marne, enables us to say quite definitely that we have only to hold on, and to allow no slackening In our effort, to be certain of final and complete success. The attack which the Germans have Just made on the Kemmel front was obviously Intended to prevent us from detaching troops from Flanders and sending them to the Somme. The fact that it was made with a comparatively, small force and met with no success is .an Indication that the enemy haa not at present troops tor sparo for any considerable diversion. , The withdrawal which he carried out befoto the battle began In the neighborhood of Bethune and of Al bert shows quite definitely that he hnd abandoned any offensive projects, which he may havo rormed- for this" pnrt of tho front. Counter-Blow Will Be Tests It Is foreign to all German prin ciples of war to accept passively two such buffets as he has Just received If ho can by any possibility hit back. Therefore we can have no surer est of the enemy's strength and fighting power than will be given by his action during tho remainder of tho campaign ing season. It may qulto possibly be that he fs contemplating a general shortening of his front, having failed in his attempt upon Paris, in order that he may transfer his offensive to other and more distant fields, and continue, the policy which he followed in previous years of ending the campaigning sea. son with some showy success. If that Is so the third battle of the Somme must have effectively deranged his plans, for many of the divisions which have been fighting Sir Douglas Hnlg must now be but skeletons and. must be replaced from the already re duced reserves. LORD READING PROUD OF AMERICAN TROOPS Expresses Keen Personal De light in Way U. S. Boys Acquit Themselves By CHARLES H. GRASTY Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Copyright. 1019. bv Sew York Timet Co. London, Aug 12. I called on Lord Reading and In the course of a con versation on the war situation he said: "I find here universal appreciation of whnt America has done. I can't hli having a feeling of personal pleasure and delight at the way the American troops have acquitted themselves when f called upon, and this feeling is shared by all our people. "America appeared In force at the turn of the curve and tlielr spirit and efficiency helped to restore the Initia tive, which has led to the 'splendid, re sults we have seen In the great battU." Kurlsliure Is Bombed ) London, Aug. 12. An official com munication Issued by the Air Ministry last evening announces another air raid' has been made on Karlsruhe, and that' there was an explosion In the Karlsruhe siauon. DKATnS I.ONO t Mrtnrpstnurn. M. J.. Aur. iU. I.on. Rl. JOHN V husband of Mrv A. town. N. J., Wed.. 8 . m High mn of rrqulnm at Our I.nrtv of Good Counstl Church n a. m. Int. Calvary Ccm. ' ' QlI.I.EfiPIE. Aui. IS. KLIZAuETK CUTHUERT. daushter of the late Thorn1 L.. ami Mary C. Ollleple. Services at Holy irimt' .nurcn, ivm ana wainui aia, wa.( j, ... ii. ,iii. vitvnic di HOCK. Sudden r. F.XfVfi T..S .....-..- ..: . 1.- .r . --.- - - - 1 nuwh. widow of Mathlas Hock and daua-h- t?r of th latn Dr. Thfodore and Emma Denimr. Relatives nnd frlendi of family at rfspecuuuy invited to runernl servlctt. Thurs., 2 p. in., at 4B2S I.archwood are. Int. private. WOnilEt.!.. Klehth Month 11th. CAW-k WortUKt,!.. RKi 88. Many jeirs frTtho faithful employ of Haverford Collet. Funeral from Saunders Rail. Haverford rotlea-e. Fourth-day. Eighth month. 14th, , 10 a. m. ; ,.' DOLAN. Aue 11. at Sea Isle City, N. J.. MARGARET DOI.AN, widow of James Do Ian, axed 80. Relatives and friend.. Altar and Rosarv Society of St. Elliabeth.'s Church. Invited to funeral, Wed.. 830 r. m., 1 from the realdence of Matthew J. Ryan. 1 1023 Diamond at. Solemn hlch requiem ' mui St Elizabeth's Church 10 a. m. Int. Holy Cross Cem. Auto funeral. ' e- , . nROWN.--AUK. II. JOSEPH h. nRow. Relative! and friends Invited to funeral, Thurs.. 10 a. m.. 8012 Frankford av., , Holmeaburc, Servlc-ea In Immanuel r. ,E. ' Church. 11 a m. Int. prlvwte. ; 8CH1CKLI.MQ. Au(, 10. EMMA SCHICK I.IMU (nee hchmable), wife of Adam Schick-lima- Relatives and friends Invited to aerv- ;, IceB, Wed.. 2 n. m.. 1330 Lee at. Remains s may be v leaved Tuea., 8 to 10 p. m. Int. t Clreemount Cem. Auto service. 1 V IIKI.P WANTED MALB 110YS to unpack yiitssware. I Co., 1207 Market t. J. U. McCrory X HELP WANTED FEMALE STENOGRAPHER, female, for enqral-f- floo nork in rules of nee of lira ehemlMI ,'l house: salary commensurate wllh ability. l APPI- - v.. ".. ' '" - "n ' . . MACHINISTS wbnted. several, nrst-class. tath flnnr and marnlna hands. Annlv ta Maria nrns..' IWUh and Oram Ave . w. Phlia.. cr,i;ilK urn! tf!it. accurate at flrurt. Pfr-t-.?l inunent coMtton with excellent ornortunlty SVfl fnr ..iHAncenient. AddIv to llr. BchiuUlii. ' ltaeder-AtlamAun & Co., IHchipund t.'tM,J; Allegheny aye. SALESLADY Wanted, brlaht girl to -In a-and-lO-cenl store: salary to start. I rapid advancement; experience unnecessary, jji J. ll. McCrory & Co.. 1207 Market at. ft M$ ROOMS FOR RENT 18TH, N., B21 2 communlctln room, near J bath: lignt nouaeKeepinat an ironi. , , - REAL EKTATE WANTED -S. nrrniantonu WANTED on October 1, by year vinfurnlsh heat, electric IlKhted. 4 or a bedrooms Or rurnisneo moaern nouse ar aai.l'sis. 1 be located witmn nait mue 01 i-cona road station, uuern io Alien lane-. je ferMurol. bed. . tfjtftffrf yry "K? VHIfT &"&, , y. -'VtoSft'', . . 1 ,'A... V)" n rm vn 0rW